The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, October 10, 1895, Image 1

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We "sleep and wake and sleep, bat all thing
more, .
The Son fliee forward to his brother Sun, ,
The dark Earth follow, wheeled 1b her ellipse,
'And human things, returning on themselves.
More onward, leading op the golden year,"
The Sou tii Africa gold speculation
fever has struck Chicago.
The Peary expedition has returned.
Failed, like all before it, to reack the
Vast tracts of standing fine timber in
Northern Wisconsin were blown down in
the recent cyclone. . -
The price of soft coal and anthracite is
on the raise. Soft coal in Chicago has
gone np fifty cents. 'Hard coal has jump
ed 1.25.
A gang of counterfeiters has been arrest
ed at Leavenworth, Kasnas. Uenry A.
Patton of Jefferson ville, Ind., for pass
ing counterfeit money.
The Deep Waterway convention at
Topeka selected a committee to organize
for the permanent work. The conven
tion was attended by many influential
Mrs. Joseph Reynolds of Chicago, lately
deceased, has given the Standard Oil
University $250,000. Each of these en
dowments means an interest plaster to
suck the sweat and .life out of the pur
chasing class.
An oyster farm of 470 acres has been
taken in the Baid des Chaleurs Quebec.
It will permit the breeding and fattening
of 20,000,000 oyesters annually. A ra
pid increase in the number of Canadian
oyster farms is looked for.
The National Wall Paper Com pany, or
trust, has a wind capital of $30,000,000
the reputed value of the "good will" of
thirty-eight manufacturers who have
combined to fix prices to pay dividends
on this "good will" combination value
and rob the people
Richard Barton of St. Joseph, Mo.,
suicided Oct. 1st, at Lee's summit, a
small place outside of Kansas City. He
had been out of work for some time and
left home to search for a job. He left
word with a stranger to telegraph to his
family. He leaves a wife and four chil
dren. Another evidence that monopo
" lists are committing fearful crimes
against humanity.
Inhabitants of Sabula, Iowa, Dying of
. Strange Disease.
Sabula, Iowa, Oct. 9. The singu
larly distressing illness among the
guests at the wedding of John Tap
law and Anna Gage, is still occupying
the attention of the medical fraternity
of this and other cities, but so far no
physician has been able to correctly
diagnose the disease. Three deaths
have occurred and eighty persons are
confined to their beds, and several of
these are not expected to live.
The peculiarity of the disease is
causing great apprehension, and is at
tributable to the failure of the physi
cians to successfully combat it. It is
similar to common forms of poisoning,
and its imperiousness to all antidotes
and usual remedies is a puzzle. The
fact that most of the victims were not
stricken until three weeks after par
taking of the wedding feast furnishes
another surprise to the physicians.
It has transpired that after the
j meats, which were served at the feast,
had been cooked the wedding had
been postponed for four days, la that
interval the weather was very warm,
and the meats became tainted.
Electrio Car Held Up by Five Masked Men
and Eighteen Tassengerg Iiobbed.
Chicago, Oct. 9. An Evanston
electrio car was stopped last night be
tween Argyle park and Edgewatet; by
five masked men, shortly after 8
o'clock. Two of the robbers covered
the rnotorman and. conductor, and the
other three entered the car with
drawn revolvers. There were eighteen
passengers. The women screamed
and those of the men who made a
movement to escape were given an
opportunity to look into the mouth of
a cocked revolver.
When the passengers were under
control one of the robbers quickly
passed down the car, appropriating
the valuables of every one present.
Within five minutes from the time
the car was stopped the holdup was a
thing of the past, the robbers had es
caped and the car was speeding on
again. The conductor lost all the
fares he had collected during the day
and some of the passengers were re
lieved of watches and other little
trinkets of value and money to the
extent of several hundreds of dollars.
Wisconsin Wants the Fight.
Osiikosh, Wis., Oct.. 9. The Osh
fcosh Athletic association offers a
purse of 30,000 , for the Corbett-Fitz-fiimmons
fight The laws of Wiscon
sin prohibit prize fighting, but the
association proposes to have the mill
on the Indian reservation iu Nyrthern
Wisconsin, and guarantees non-interference.
Nationalism ' '
We have corporations, monopolies,
pools, trusts, combines, syndicates and
millionaires. Over against these things
we find labor unions, strikes, anarchy,
commonism, socialism, nationalism and
tramps. The latter train follow the for
mer as naturally as chickens follow the
clucking hen. One is the cause the other
the effect, all wealthy men are on one
side and poor ones on the other. We read
of the dark ages and the reformation.
The present may be properly styled the
age of the millionaire and tramp. When,
oh when I will reformation come?
Home owners are growing sadly less.
Nine-tenths of all property are owned by
one-tenth of the people, but nine-tenths
of the takes do not go with nine-tenths
of the property. The fine houses of Lin
coln, owned by wealthy people, are not
taxed half as much iu propertion to cost
as poor men's houses. Nine-tenths of the
four hundred millions expended by gov
ernment annually, are paid by poor men.
The few boss aud the many serve.
For the present let us call into the ring
a millionaire and a tramp. One is sup
posed to stand at the head and the other
at the foot, but it is not so. Humanity
like a half moon, tapers both ways. The
millionaire and the tramp occupy the
horns, while the great common people
fill the center. Honesty has made many
a tramp but never a millionaire. The
latter feeds upon unjust law advantages,
the other upon tho crumbs which fall
from his table, In lieu of promised bene
fit the people are stabbed under the fifth
rib. Public necessities are monopolized
and all the revenue collected the business
will bear. Thus the mill grinds on, turn
ing out the two undesirable extremes of
society. f
Is there not a remedy, a balmin Gileod.
No one will deny that we are a nation.
All are ready to admit that Dncle Sam is
bigger than any of his boys and girls.
Theu why not excuse the prerogatives of
a nation. Instead of allowing a few to
get away wilh all the good things, de
mand an equal division and fair play.
The feeling that a few own and control
our government, legislative, judicial and
executive is growing. No one objects to
increasing the tax on beer and whisky,
because poor men drink the most of it.
but to tax incomes Would be unconstitu
tional because the rich pay most. There
must be a vast difference between taxing
the income of the rich and the outgoes ot
the poor. Why tax the tobbacco which
I receive for rental of land and not the
money you receive for yours? Why is
one constitutional and the other uncon
stitutional. Injustice alone can answer
We must have more nationalism and
pag corporation. Great necessities and
great advantages should not be farmed
out to a few with power to bleed the
many. Nine-tenths of our millionaires
are made this way, and for every million
aire a thousand of tramps, paupers and
criminals are made. What individual
and joint partners can do should be left
for them to do and whenever the under
taking is so large as to require a corpo
ration, the nation should be that corpo
ration. All forms of government, in all ages of
the world, have deemed it necessary to
build harbors, dig canals, and clear
rivers for the protection and furtherence
of commerce. In numberless cases gov
ernments have built wagon roads over
mountains and through swamps. All
these publiciniprovemeuts have been free
to hiin who built a boat or wagon.
Population huddled upon the banks of
navigable water. Denver is probably
the largest city in the world built upon
dry land, five hundred miles from navig
able water.
A little more thau fifty years ago over
land navigation become a necessity.
Canals did not till the bill. Stoam loco
motion a hard wheel upon a hard, level
track, met the necessities of the case.
Now why did our government hand
these giant interest of the common peo
ple over to the tender mercies of corpo
rations. The same question may be
asked in regard to the telegruph.
We must have, we are going to have,
more nationalism. Commonism and
socialism are not what we want. A
hundred wealthy men must not be per
mitted to hold a million of poor people
by the throat any longer, under the
sanction of law. H. W. Hardy.
The Country Primary a Farce.
, In moralizing upon the political degen
eracy of our cities reformers have been
prone to point to the rural constituency
us the bulwark of our free institutions.
From the cesspools of municipal politics
that reek with the miasma of corrup
tion the lovers of democracy turn for in
spiration and hope to the health-giving
political ozone of thecountry life. In the
stmkissed soil of the bucolic solitudes,
where man gets close to nature, the pess
imist imagines he may find a gleam of
It is cruel ruthlessly to disturb these
hallucinations iu which the people have
been want to indulge. Despite tho poli
tical isolation of the countrymen the
rural districts are not innocent of the
contamination of gang methods. Indeed
the country machine can give the city
machine pointers when it comes to the
quiet manipulation of a convention or a
caucus. , ?
The country voter means all right. His
motives are honest and his political in
tegrity is above reproach. But he is the
victim of a confidence game. Year after
year the caucuses and conventions are
packed and manipulated under his very
eyes. It is safe to say that in every town
and city in Illinois there exists a politi
cal ring, organized for plunder, much
more demoralizing in its effects than the
rings in the big cities, because of the
greater possibilities for perpetuating su
premacy through the cajolery of the un
suspecting constituents who yield pliant
ly to the schemes of the gangster be
cause he is a "good fellow" or a "good
The average country primary, cou
trary to the general impression, is a
monumental farce. In no other way can
you account for the fact that year after
year some of the most intelligent and
progressive counties in Illinois are repre
sented in the state legislature by men
who are' not only grossly and notorious
ly incompetent, but who are shamefully
There is need of reform in the country
primary. It has been the custom to al
low three or four paid hirelings of a leg
islative corruption ist to get together in
the back end of a saloon and arrange
secretly a list of delegates to the conven
tion. Their names are printed on a ticket,
the ballot box is opened in the postoftice
or some other convienent place; there is
pretense of adherence to regular caucus
methods: a hundred or more ballots are
deposited in the box by citizens who are
persuaded by the heelers in charge of the
box to do so, bat who hardly know what
they are voting for, and care less; and
Senator So-and-So "has the delegation"
and, of course, is finally renominated.
That is a country caucus. No wonder
venal legislators are returned every two
years by intelligent and progressivecom
nunities. This pernicious system
should be changed. The people should
take charge of the caucuses themselves.
The business men and taxpayers can
purge the Illinois legislature of its cor
ruptionists by organizing and conduct
ing the primaries and by attending them
in force. If this is done in .every-town
and city in Illinois the next legislature
will have a good working majority of
capable and incorruptible men, whom
corruptionists from the cities will find an
invincible barrier in the execution of
their mischievous or nefarious schemes.
Chicago Times-Herald.
Stealing Their Everyday Business
The beef trust is one of the richest cor
porations in Chicago and in the United
States, yet Chicago telegrams announce
that it has been detected using city water
from a main which has been secretly tap
ped to avoid the payment of license.
Perhaps theft of this kind is as honest as
its general plan of operations against
the public, but the beef trust ought to
remember that the highwayman lowers
himself in public esteem if he stoops to
picking pockets. N. Y. World.
Dr. Madden, Eye, Ear, Nose and
Throat diseases, over Rock Island
ticket office, S. W. cor. 11 and O streets.
ilasH.s accurately adj listed.
Paris, Oct 9. A dispatch from Port
Jmis, Island of Mauritius, announces
that advises had been received there
from the island of Madagascar that
the French expeditionary force,
which had been advancing upon the
capital for many weeks, captured
Antananarivo September 2i, where
upon the prime minister and the eourt
fled to Aiubosistra. The news was
brought to the coast by couriers from.
Vatomaudry September 30. Dispatches
received ; from Tamatave say that
ffaralatra was bombarded by the
French on October 3 and that it was
attacked by assault on the fbllowing
day. ..
This news caused great relief to the
government, as it had been recognized
for some time that the defeat of the
French troops would mean a change
of ministry. The news quickly spread
throughout the city, causing great ex
citement and much rejoicing.
France and Madagascar have been
at loggerheads for more than ten
years, chietly over the right of the
government of Madagascar to act in
dependently of the French residents in
granting exequaturs to foreign con
sulate agents and consuls.
L. P. Davis, Dentist over Rock Island
ticket office, cor. 11th and O streets.
Uridge and Crown AVork a specialty..
Songs of the New Movement
"Armageddon" is a book' of reform
songs not versified trumpery, but pow
erful and inspiring songs set tomusic,
and is sure to become very popular as its
true merits become known. It is printed
on good paper, has 138 pages and sells
for 30 cents. Coming Nation. .".:,
Send orders for Armageddon to The
Wealth Makers Lincoln, Neb,
Dr. Madden, Eye, liar, Nose, and
Throat diseases, over Rock Island
ticket office, S. W. cor. 11 and O streets.
Glasses accurately adjusted..
Ayer'a Hair Vigor is justly considered
the best and most economical hair-drrss-ing
in the market.
The Fall Preparation of the Land for
(Sugar Beets
The remarkable success of the sugar
beet crop throughout the state during
the year 1894, under the most adverse
meteorological and climatic conditions,
has demonstrated the fact that the sugar
beet is peculiarly well fitted to occupy a
place among our farm products. Ac
cordingly, a great many farmers planted
beets this year, and the prospects being
bo very favorable for a large tonnage, it
seems quite probable that a uJucu larger
acreage will be planted to sugar beets
next year. N
As the success of the crop depends very
largely on the preparation of the soil
previous to planting, and as that prepa
ration should be commenced in the fall, a
word of counsel, it is hoped, will now be
of some service to the prosperous beet
The , importance of fall plowing of the
land cannot be too strongly emphasized.
The time for starting the preparation of
the soil will depend somewhat upon the
nature of the crop preceding the beets. If
this be small grain, plow, the stubble and
weeds under soon after the grain has
been removed. If the season is dry,
there is a distinct advantage of plowing
Immediately after takfhg off the grain,
as the soil is more moist than after
standing exposed to the sun for several
days, aud is consequently more easily
worked. This plowing need only be
superficial, say three inches. It has the
effect of disposing of the weeds , before
they go to seed and hastens their decay
as well as that of the stubble. It looseus
the surface of the ground so that rain
water does not run off as it does when
the surface is dry and hard, but soaks
down, thus making the operation of sub
soiling, less difficult in the fall, and the
loose condition of the soil allowing
moisture and air to penetrate greatly
facilitates that chemical action which
renders the fertilizing materials in the
soil available to the use of the plant..
"The plowing should beimmediately fol
lowed by the spiked harrow to make a
loose layer of soil on top. Such a layer
of soil acts as a mulch in preventing eva
poration of moisture from the surface.
It has been shown that land so prepared
lost only one-third as much water by
evaporation as land having a firmly
packed surface. It is well to use the har
row after each rain that is hard enough
to pack the surface.
Unless the land is very rich it will need
manure. Manure adds to the yield and
probably somewhat to the sugar content
of the beets. Spread the manure after
the shallow plowing. The manure
should be well rotted. Subsoil and sur
face plow in the fall, or, if that cannot be
done, plow as deep as possible. If rotted
manure is not available, it is advisable
to keep the fresh manure piled during the
winter instead of spreading in the fall.
Keep the pileraoist enough to prevent its
overheating (fire-fanging) while stand
ing. In order to have water convenient
the heap should be made within easy
reach of the pump. Do not have the
manure too wet or decomposition will be
retarded. .
The extreme dryness of the air and soil
in this state makes the decomposition of
manure when incorporated in the soil a
very slow processand it is only when de
composed that it is useful to the plant,
the importance of some method for
hastening that operation may easily be
recognized. Well rotted manure, in addi
tion to its fertilizing effect aids ia retain
ing moisture in the soil, and if plowed
deep enough improves the physical con
dition of the heavy loam soils of the
state which are much Inclined to pack.
Iu case the beets are to follow corn the
first thing to do is to get the stalks and
roots off the ground. If left in the field
they seriously interfere with the cultiva
tion of the young beets in the spring, the
cultivator knives dragging them out of
the ground, and ofteu carrying the beet
plants with them. The straw in fresh
manure sometimes acts in a similarman
uer. After getting off the corn-stalks
spread the well rotted manure on the
ground, and surface plow and subsoil or
plow deep as soon as finished.
There are very obvious advantages to
be derived from the fall preparation of
the land. In the first place it leaves the
ground much clearer, espeo'ally if it be
plowed early. It exposes a large surfuce
of the soil to the action of frost during
the winter, and this leaves it iu excellent
tilth in the spring. Tho ground being
broken up holds the ruin aud melted
snow water, and when the temperature
is favorable undergoes the chemical ac
tion before spoken of. Again, if the
plowing is to be done with a stirring
plow instead of a subsoil plow it can be
run is the fall ten or twelve inches deep,
while if the plowing be done in thespring
it is not safe to turn up the soil much be
low the depth of previous plowing, as
the new soil is likely to contain matters
injurious to the plant, and as the aver
age depth of plowing is only four to six
inches, neither a largo yield nor beets de
sirable for sugar manufacture could be
expected from such preparation.
Further or more detailed information
will gladly be furnished to nnyiie direct
ing his inquiries to the Nebraska Agricul
tural Experiment Station, Lincoln, Neb.
T. I Lyon,
Professor of Agriculture.
Dr. MIIpVNbrvs PbAsmtscure RHEUMA
TISM. WEAK BACKS. At druist only 25c.
i Notes on Direct Lrglalaton
By Eltweed Porasroy. editor of ths Direct Leg
islation Record, Newark, .New Jersey, where com
munications should bt addressed,
I am asked: Does Direct Legislation
agree with the principles of the Republi
can party?" Of course It does. There
Isn't much the matter with those princi
ples. But our friends don't practice
them. They blow the horn long and loud
about caring for the poor workingraen
and then let the corporations make the
laws, ruling and robbing him. If they'd
only live up to what grand old Abe Lin
coln and bis compeers, the founders of
the Republican party, said, I'd be a fight
ing Republican. But, alasl the distance
between Republican action and principle
is nearly as far as the east is from ths
west. -'::-.:
Here is one of Sullivan's explanations
of Direct Legislation:
"The Initiative is commonly exercised
through a petition, signed by such voters
as wish the proposition which is printed
at the head of the petition to become a
law. The Initiative is not a simple peti
tion; it is a petition which the legislative
body addressed must obey by sending
the proposition on to a vote at the polls
"The Referendum may take place on a
la w passed by a legislative body contin
gent on its adoption by the voters at
the polls, or it piay take place in response
to the Initiative."
Here are quotations establishing what
the principles were with which the Re
publican party started. The first la offi
cial: .
From an address by the Republican
association of Washington to the Re-
Sublicans of the United States, dated
. ovember 27, 1859.
Early Republican Principles. "Let us
not forget that it is not tue want ot
generous sentiment that prevents the
American people from being united in
action against the aggressive slave power
Were these simple questions submitted
to the people of the United States. Are
you in favor of the extension of slavery?
Are you in favor of suchextention by the
aid or connivance oi ttie t eaerai govern
ment? and could they be permitted to re
cord their response without em harass
ment, without constraint of any kind,
nineteen-twentieths of the people of the
free states and perhaps more than half
of the slave states would return a decid
ed negative to both.
"Let us have faith In the people. Let
us believe that they are at heart hostile
to the extension of slavery, desirous that
the Territories be consecrated to free la
bor and free institutions; and that they re
require only eulightment to convert their
cherished sentiments into a fixed princi
ple of action."
Abraham Lincoln: "Why should there
not be a patient confidence in the ulti
mate justice of the peoDle? Is there any
better or equal hope in the world? In
our present differences is either party
without faith of being in the right? If
the Almighty Ruler of nations, with His
eternal truth and justice, be on your side
of North, on yours of the South, that the
truth and that justice will surely prevail
by the judgmeut of this great tribunal,
the American people."
Abraham Liueolu: "No men living are
more worthy to be trusted than those
who toil up from poverty; none less in
clined to take or touch aught which they
have not honestly earned. Let them be
ware of surrendering a political power
which they already possess, and which,
if surrendered, will surely be used to close
the doorof advancement against such as
they, and to tlx new disabilities and bur
dens upon them till all of liberty shall be
:, Abraham Lincoln: "You can fool part
of the people all of the time, and all of
the people part of the time, but you can
not fool all of the people all of the time."
Abraham Lincoln said: "A govern
ment of the people, by the people and for
the people, must not perish from tbe face
of the earth."
Thomas Benton said: "The trouble of
this country arises from its uneasy poli
ticians; its safety . depends on the tran
quil masses." . "
John H. Lowell said: "The more I
learn, the more my confidence in the
general sense and honest intentions of
mankind increase."
Trot. Geo. D. Herron says of our pre
sent system:
"We do not select the' representatives
we elect; we do not make our laws; we do
not govern ourselves. Our political par
ties are controlled by private, close cor
porations that exist as parasites upon
the body politic, giving us the most cor
rupting and humiliating despotisms in
political history, and tending to destroy
all political faith in righteousness. Our
legislation is determined by a vast sys
tern of lobby. The people know though
they cannot prove that our legislative
methods have become the organization
of indirect bribery and corruption. . It is
hardly aa exaggeration to say that the
chief work of both state and national
legislatures in recent years has been to
obstruct, defeat or cheat the will of the
people. Instead of being Democratically
governed, we are under the government
of political and legislative bureaucracies
NO. 18
that dominate, plunder and oppress by , '
indirection that conceals both the reality
and the nstrsre of the dominion, corrup
tion aud oppression."
. Now friends, if you're a Republican and
this don't show you how far our practice
has departed from the grand, early Re
publican principles and convert you to
Direct Legislation, you're not worth con
verting. ; If youare not a Republican,
paste this in your hat and impale ths
next Republican you Bee with It. What
are you good for if you can't pass an
idea along?
It Is doming?
' To him who is able to read correctly'
the signs of the times, it must be clear
that the radical agitation of recentyears -in
this country will soon result in a
bountiful harvest. Ideas that have been
tabooed and principles that have been
perverted by the flubdubbery of the daily
newspapers, are receiving a recognition
and an emphasis in unexpected quarters.
Commenting editorially upon public
ownership of street railways in English
towns, the New York Tribune of Septem
ber 16 says:'' V:';. V-''.:'-'.;'
The employs are better paid and better
treated than under private ownership of
tbe lines, and the fares are lower and .
accommodations for passengers inoorn
parably better than in America. A cent
a mile is the usual fare, and a seat to
provided for every passenger.
Passing over the plain truth that the
reform press for years has based its ai
tatiou upon such facts as the foregoing,
that millions of people in the United
States have been educated up to an
acceptance of tbe idea' ot public owner
ship by reform editors and speakers, and
that the daily press (including the Tri
bune) has all along burled its harmless
epithets of "anarchist," "luatic,"! "alien"
at every manwho has stood forth? peo
pie and against the" corporate robbers, :
we quote what the Tribune in the same
connection has to say about socialism:
Yes, but it is socialism, cry some. The
objection is an idle one. If it be a good
socialism. But, as a matter of fact, it is
not socialism(?) We may call it state
socialism, for want of a better term, but ;
it has nothing in common with socialism
in the ordinary interpretation of that
work. It is exactly at par with munici
pal operation of waterworks, which we
have here, and of the Brooklyn bridge,
which is not condemned by the most
radical individualists; and with state
ownership of the canals and with nation
al ownership and operation of the post
office system. - If It is 6Geiuiinj, so are -they.
But these are not socialism)
They are merely the public or municipal
or state ownership of certain things that
from their very nature pertain to public
use. The radical distribution between
individualism and socialism is this: Tha,
former would have the state perform all
public works, and the individual' all pri
vate works; while tbe latter would have
the state do all, and would deny the right
of private initiative alltogether(?)
Now the streets are public property.
Everyone recognizes that. No man can
build and work a railroad on them with
out acharter; without, that is permission
to use public property exclusively. If the
municipality or state has a right to
grant such permission, it has also the
right to withhold it and keep for itself
the privilege of thus using its own pro
perty, whether for railroad tracks, or
gas pipes, or electric wires, or anything
else. In reserving for itself all such
franceises it is not abolishing or infring
ing upon privateenterprises. Itismerely
declining to lease its property or farm
out its business to others.
Is Horace Greeiy speaking agaiu? Is V
it coming? Coming Nation.
Dr. Madden, Eye, Ear, Nose, and
Throat diseases, over Rock Island
ticket office, S. W. cor. 1 1 and O streets.
Glasses accurately adjusted.
Sing for Liberty
"The Armageddon Song Book contains
Populist and patriotic songs, set to mu
sic. 138 pages. Price 30e each; $3.00
per dozen, postage or express paid by us.
Get up a Populist glee club and help siug
the cause through. We can thus have
better and more soul inspiring music
than brass bands can make, besides we
are not always able to hire brass bands.
Got no musicians iu your neighborhood?
You don't know; there may be some
veritable Jenny Linds right around you.
Get a dozen or so to practice and then
from the best select the necessary number
for a glee club. There will be a great de
maud for giee clubs next year. The cam
paign will open early and be the greatest
ever held. The best Populist Glee Clubs
will find constant employment at good
pay. Practice makes perfect. Begin now.
L. P. Davis, Dentist over Rock Is
land ticket office, cor. 11 and O Btreets.
Bridge and crown work a specialty