The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, September 19, 1895, Image 1

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"W tleep and wkt and ileep, bat all thlnsri
- luuve. - - . - -
The San flies forward to bli brother San,
The dark Eartb follows, wheeled in her elllpra,
And hnman things, returning on them selves,
Move onward, leading; np the golden year,"
The Amerieaq yacht Defender defended
the cup.
Earthquake in Honduras has done
great damage to buildings.
Swamp and forest fires near Appleton,
Wisconsin, are doing much damage.
An electric light trust has been formed
in Philadelphia, with a capital of $5,
000,000. Lake Superior has been pushed up by
subterranean force, making a four foot
tidal wave.
Anthracite coal Is going up. It has
taken a jump of 25 cents, and will keep
ajumping. ,
An earthquake in New England re
ported. Much consternation but little
damage done.
Prince George M. Pullman, Jr., is to
wed politician Oglesby'sdaughter. Loug
live the Pullman dynasty eh?
The price of anthracite coal has been or
dered up, now that therich have stocked
up. The men with no surplus cash miss
the benefit.
A train on the New York Central R. R.
ban made the distance between New York
and Buffalo, 436 miles, in 407 minutes,
beating the world's record for a heavy
train and long distance.
Fifty-five niotocycles have bwo entered
by Americans, to compete for the $5,000
prize for the best horseless carriMge,offer
ed by Editor Kohlsatt of the Chicago
'Times-Herald. Gas and electricity will
be motive power of the road carnages of
this contest. The trial will be made in
November, the road between Milwaukee
being selected for the contest. Foreign
inventors and carriage builders wili be
There has been a great advance in
surgery iu the past few years. Opera
tions on the brain ; and cranium now
make imbeciles into normal rational be
ings. Sections of the bowels are remov
ed successtully. Parts of the liver are
cut away. One of the kidneys are some
times removed. Cancer of the stomach
when not too far advanced is removed
and the patient recovers. Pieces of the
bones of animals are engrafted upon the
bones of man, to replace diseased parts
removed. Tumors, pus and diseased
brain matter, such as cause epilepsy, are
successfully removed. Deformities caused
by diseased tendons are overcome by
taking out the old muscle and inserting
the tendon or sinew of a healthy "muscle.
CaRes of broken neck are sometimes
cured by an operation. Tumors are re
moved from the spinal cord. Appendi
cjt'm has ceased to be so. dangerous to
treat. Tumors and cancers are much
more successfully treated than formerly.
A Model Speech
Editor Wealth Makers: '
The newly nominated candidate should
address the nominating convention some
thing like the following:
Mr. Chairman, end Gentlemen of the
Convention: Personally, I aspire to no
office, and all the apology I have to offer
for accepting the nomination is, that I
'belong to the grandest party that has
jexer existed in the United States or any-
where else. 1 belong to the party that
" has the most sublime platform that ever
was penned. When the platform was
adopted at Omaha, July 4, 1892, the
patriotic enthusiasm was like a storm
at sea. This platform is either right or
wrong. It is eternally right. It is ada
. mantine justice, and God himself stands
on this platform.
But there is no room on it for Satan,
or any of his folks. This is why the
leaders of the Democratic-Republican
. party So persistently oppose it. They
have sold us to the Jewish money power
of England, and jnst as long as the peo
ple can be deceived into voting the twin
tickets, just so long we will have English
rule as at the present. The ruling pimps
of England have always contended that
we were their legitimate vassals, not
withstanding the fact that we thrashed
them in two wars. And (thank Heaven)
we can do it again. There is no hope from
either of the twin frauds. The Demo
crats with a majority of 148 in Congress
could not pass the silver bill. They can
not pass anything not even a saloon.
The Republicans bonded the whisky,
then refused to bond the corn that the
whisky is made of. They are always
watcning and waiting to be bribed.
Vote as you pray, is a trite saying. But
the g. o. p's. pray to God, then vote for
Satan. They preach against intemper
ance, then (knowingly) vote for the
nominees of the saloon.
They take their theology from heaven,
their politics from hades. Utiange, isn't
. Germany boasts of Martin Luther. She
Uas her Krupp gums. America has her
Beechers and Talmatres, also Remine-
tons and Winchesters. How (un) Chris
tian! -
As I will have more to say on these
(frozen) facts during the campaign I will
now adjourn by thanking you for your
attention. A. B. I lack.
L. P. Davis, Dentist over Rock Island
ticket office, cor. lltb aud O streets.
Bridge and Crown Work a specialty.
is mv
An Interesting Correspondence With Car
dinal Gibbons of Baltimore
The Bible, the Church and The Usury
Question Departure From Bible and
Early Church Teaching Made
Usury or Interest the Great Evil
Federal, Athens County, Ohio, )
March 7, 1894. J
Very Rev, James Cardinal Gibbons, Arch
bishop ot Baltimore, Md. :
Dear Sik: I have been reading with
very much interesta book written by you
entitled "The Faith of Our Fathers." I
am a Protestant, and an earnest seeker
after truth, and, feeling sure you can
answer me, I write to ask you a question.
Did all the great fathers of both the
eastern and western churches denounce
usury as one of the vilest offences? Did
this unanimity of the fathers of the
church bring about a crystallization of
hostility to interest-bearing loans into
numberless decrees of the popes and
councils and kings and legislatures
throughout Christendom during more
than fifteen hundred years, aud was the
common law shaped in accordance with
these? Were these prohibitions enforced
by the Council of Aries in 314, and did
every great assembly of the church, from
the Council of Elvira in 304 to that of
Vienna in 1311, solemnly condemn
money lending at interest? Did the
Protestants first say usury meant op
pressive or illegal interest, and Catholics
in the eighteenth century concede the
same? Very respectfully,
Wm. J. Warrener.
Cardinal's Residence, 408 North"!
Charles Street, Baltimore, Md., V
March 8, 1894. J
Mr. Wm. J. Warrener.
Dear Sir: Your letter to his Eminence
the Cardinal is received. In reply I would
beg to say that, as far as I know, usury
was always and pretty generally repro
bated in the church. Most every council
had something to say in condemnation
of this wrong.
Bat it is very difficult to say what in
particular cases is usury. Interest is
legitimate and proper. Compensation is
just for loans of any article and also for
the loan of money. It remains for pub
lic opinion, which varies according to
time, place, and circumstances, to deter
mine what in each case will be considered
excessive interest, etc.
Catholics had issued coudemnation in
the matter long before Protestants were
thought of.
Very truly yours in Christ, '
C. F. Thomas,
Federal, Athens Countv, Ohio,
March 16, 1894.
Very Rev. James Card'malGibbons,Arch
bishop, li&ltimore, Md.,
Dear Sir: I received from C. F. Thomas,
Chancellor, a reply to a question I ad.
dressed to you on the 7th inst. I am not
acquainted with the rules of etiquette of
the Cathoiic church, and mean no dis
respect to the Chancellor by addressing
myself again to you instead of replying
directly to and making the inquiries of
1 have copied the following from the
Douay Version of the Bible, as you will
readily see:
Exodus 22: 25: "If thou lend money
to any of my people that is poor,
that dwelleth with thee, thou ehalt not
be hard upon them as an extortioner nor
oppress them with usuries." ,
Leviticus 35: 35-37: "If thy brother
be impoverished and weak of hand, and
thou receive him as a stranger and a so
journer, and he live with thee; lake not
usury of him, nor more than thou gavest:
fear thy God, that thy brother may live
with thee. Thou shalt not give him thy
money upon usury, nor exact of him any
increase of fruits."
Deuteronomy 23: 19, 20: "Thou shalt
not lend to thy brother money to usury,
nor corn, nor any other thing, but to the
stranger." To thy brother thou shalt
lend that which he wanteth without
usury, that the Lord thy God may bless
thee in all thy works, in the land whither
thou shalt go in to possess it."
2 Esdras (Nehemiah) 5: 7: "And I re
buked the nobles and magistrates, and
said to them: Do you every one exact
usury of your brethren? 11. Restore
ye to them this day their fields, and their
vineyards, and their oliveyards, and
their houses, and the hundredth part of
the money and of the corn, the wine, and
the oil which ye were wont to exact of
Psalms 14; (15) 1: "Lord, who shall
dwell in thy tabernacle? Who shall rest
in thy holy hill? . . 5 . . He that
putteth not out bis money to usury, nor
taketh bribes against the innocent. He
that doeth these things shall not be
moved foreyer."
ProverbsS: 8: "He that heapeth to
gether riches by usury and loan, gather
eth for him that will be bountiful to the
poor." ,
Ezekiel 18: 5: "And if a man be just
and do judgment and justice, . ... 8.
Hath not lent upon usury, nor taken any
increase, ... 9. He is just, he shall
surely live, saith the Lord God,
10. And if be beget a son that is a rob
ber, ... 13. That giveth upon usury,
and that taketh an increase, shall such a
one live? He shall not live. Seeing he
hath done all these detestable things, he
shall surely die, his blood shall be upon
him. 14. But if he beget a son . . .
17. that hath turned away his hand from
injuring the poor, hath not taken usury
or increase, but hath executed my judg
ment and walked in my commandments,
this man shall not die for the iniquity of
his father, but, living, he shall live.
Ezekiel 22: 1 2: "They have taken gifts
in thee to shed blood: thou hast taken
usury and increase, and hast covetously
oppressed thy neighbors: and thou hast
forgotten me, saith the Lord God."
Luke 6: 35: "But love ye your ene
mies, do good, and- lend, hoping for
nothing thereby."
I. Cor. 8: 10: . . . "Nor extortion
ers shall possess the kingdom of God."
The questions I wish to ask are these:
Is not the usury spoken of in the fore
going passages of Scripture, that which
we now all call interest?
Does not 2 Esdras (Nehemiah) 5: 11 in
dicate that one percent is usury?
Does not Leviticus 25: 35-37 forbid
"any increase," or, "more than thou
gavest," as usury? '
Does not Exodus 22: 25 represent tak
ing any increase or usury as extortion?
Will not the taking of usury exclude
from the kingdom of God according to I.
Cor. G to 10? '
Does not Ezekiel 22: 12 show that a
city which allows usury incur the anger
of God?
Did not Chrint rather extend the scope
instead of abrogate the law against us
ury in Luke 6: 35?
Is there any exception to the law
against the taking of increase for use
given in the Bible except Deuteronomy
23: 19, and does not the injunction of
the blessed Savior in Luke 6: 35 do away
with that?
Was not the usury condemned by the
early fathers, the popes, and 'the church
councils, from the Council of Elvira iu
30G to that ot Vienna in 1311, the loan
of money at any rate of increase or in
terest? Was Calvin the first churchman (if he
can be recognized as such) who declared
usury to be excessive interest, but that
moderate interest was right?
Did the Catholic church about the
middle of the eighteenth century adopt
the views expressed in your letter to me,
that "interest is legitimate aud proper.
It remains for public opinion, which
varies according to time, place, and cir
cumstances, to determine what in each
case will be considered excessive interest,"
I am not attempting to argue the
matter one way or the other. I only
seek to know the facts in the case.
Yours truly in Christ,
Wm. J. Warrener.
Cardinal's Residence, 408 North
:08 North )
ire, Md.,
1, 1894. )
Charles Street, Baltimore,
March 27,
Mr. W. J: Warrener:
Dear Sir: Your letter to his Eminence,
Cardinal Gibbons, under date of March
16, 1894, is hereby acknowledged. You
refer to many texts of Holy Scripture in
which usury is condemned, as well as to
the condemnation of the early fathers
and councils of the church, against the
The explanation to be given is this:
In former days money was considered to
be non-productive, and for its use no
compensation was deemed proper and
right. Hence condemnation of Scripture
and churchmen against the practice. But
now that condition is changed, and
money has assumed a commercial value
independently of its intrinsic value. The
use of money is therefore a title for com
pensation just as the use of a house or
other property. Society, social life,
social conditions and needs all regard
money as capital which begets gain for
him who owns or possesses it, and we
kuow that gain possible or probable is a
just reason for asking interest or com
pensation. Besides, the lending of money
is also a contract; the one who loans
renounces for the time being the pro
perty or proprietorship in the money,
and the other assumes the actual owner
shipof it and uses it for hisown purposes
and advantage. For that he is in justice
bound to recognize an obligation that is
subject to a valuation in price.
Compensation is the due for that which
is fruitful. If money, as corn, etc., were
in the first instance capable of consump
tion and not an object of commerce, it
would still be wrong to require interest,
but, owing to social conditions, the in
trinsic value of money has been changed
into an article which men use for the pur
pose of emolument, and therefore is laid
a claim for moderate and proper com
pensation. While the man who has the
use of the money is enjoying it or em
ploying it for his necessities and advant
age, the real owner is for a time deprived
it C c
of the possibility of converting it into
profit for himself and of receiving gain.
For that privation which he undergoes
he is considered by public opinion and
common judgment to be entitled to re
al uneration.
Men understand the changed condi
tions, and, while they see the foundation
f interest, understand also that the in
terest should not be excessive. What is
just is left to each age, or to each period
of time or group of circumstances, to
The old laws and customs in regard to
usury were based on the old condition of
money; but this condition not being the
same, the rigor is relaxed, and moderate
interest allowed for that which now gives
just title to it. But usury is now ex
cessive interest, which is wrong.
Even to require interest for that which
snot given to business, but is given to
consumption, as wheat, corn, wine, etc,
continues to be usury. For that does
not rest on any title that demands any
compensation other than the return of
the same in kind that was loaned.
I hope this explanation will suffice for
you to understand the change in both
society's and the church's attitude to
wards interest.
I beg to remain very truly yours,
C. F. Thomas,
Federal, Athens County, Ohio, )
April 10, 1894. J
Very Rev. James Cardinal Gibbons, Arch
bishop of Baltimore, Md.
Dear Sir: Your letter by C. F. Thomas
Chancellor, dated March 24th,is received,
for which I thank you. From the replies
to my questious I take it that:
1. The usury spoken of in Exodus 22:
25 and the other Scripture I quoted is
that which we now call interest.
2. 2 Esdras (Nehemiah) 5: 11 indicates
that one per cent is usury, and Leviticus
25: 35-37 forbids "any increase," or,
"more than thou gavest," as usury.
3. Exodus 32: 25 declares the taking
of increase or usury to be extortion.
A.'H. Cor. 6: 30 declares that extor
tioners cannot possess the kingdom of
5. " Ezekiel 22: 12-16 shows that God
will punish a city or people who allow
the taking of usury or interest.
6. Luke G: 35 nhuws that Christ ex
tended the scope of the Mosaic law
against usury.
7. There is no exception made in the
Holy Scriptures to the laws against the
taking of increase foruse, except in Deut.
23: 19, and the injunction of the blessed
Savior iu Luke C: 35 does away with
8. AH the great fathers of the church,
the popes, and the church councils, from
the Council of Elvira in 306 to that of
Vienna in 1311, following the teachings
of Scripture as given above, solemnly
and emphatically denounced aud con
demned money lending at interest as sin.
9. Calvin was the first churchman who
said that usury was excessive and op
pressive interest.
10. During theeighteenth century the
teaching of the Catholic church was
changed, and by authority of the Holy
See moderate interest was allowed.
11. The teachings of the Catholic
church on the taking of interest or usury
was changed because money assumed
another value, namely, '"a commercial
value independently of its intrinsic
12. "Interest is now legitimate and
proper, and public opinion determines
what in each case is excessive interest."
13. "To require iuterest for that which
is not given to business, but is given to
consumption, as wheat, corn, wine, etc,,
continues to be usury."
Hitherto I have' been in this corres
pondence only a questioner. You have
kindly answered me, with results given
above in statements 1 to 13, 1 assuming
consent whore no denial or contradic
tion was made.
On page 95 of "The Faith of Our Fath
ers" you say: "But it is a marvelous
fact worthy of record that in the whole
history of the church from thenineteenth
century to the first, no solitary example
can be adduced to show that any pope
or general council ever revoked a decree
of faith or morals enacted by any pre
ceding pontiff or council. Her record
in the past ought to be a sufficient war
rant that she will tolerate no doctrinal
variations in the future."
Surely the taking of interest is a ques
tion of morals, for the church has re
peatedly denounced it as "a crying sin."
Can it be that that which was immoral
and sinful for ages is moral and right
eous now?
Are godliness which I understand to
be manifested by obedience to God's laws
and Christian morals decided or modi
fied by "public opinion, which varies
according to time, place, and circum
stances?" Are Christian morals so changeable
that in some states it is a -sin to take
more than five per cent and in others it
isnoteinful to take any per cent, even
one hundred or more?
As to money assuming a value it did
not have before, wus not interest for use
of money allowed in ancient Greece with
out any legal restrictions, and does not
that prove the existence of what you style
"commercial value" then? Were there
not laws in ancient Rome against the
taking of interest, and were not those
laws repealed and interest allowed? Is
not that proof that money had every
value then that it possesses now?
Did not the exactions of usurers hare
much to do with the concentration of
wealth iu the hands of the few, the pau
perization of the masses, aud con-
' (
eequently thedownfallot ancient civiliza
tions? Did not the godly men of the past know
of all these things, and of the teachings
of Plato, Plutarch, the Catos, Cicero,
Seneca, Aristotle, and many othera
against usury.
What is the difference between taking
interest on that which is given to con
sumption and taking it ou money 'used
to buy food? For instance, I have one
hundred bushels of wheat I can sell for
950. If I may lend the f 50 on interest,
why may 1 not charge interest to those
who borrow the wheat for bread instead
of borrowing the money aud buying the
Two dollars per day is the wages of a
mechanic. For forty years and four
months it amounts to 24,200. If $300
every six months were invested at seven
per cent, compound interest for the
same time, it would amount to $104,
250.70, or more than four aud one
fourth times as much as the laborer
earns. Is this in accordance with the
laws of God?
Are not the rapidly increasing interest
bearing debts of the world a cause of
much of tho distress of nations?
Is not interest, or "capital's share,"
taking more than the total increase of
wealth, concentrating It as never before,
creating immense fortunes, bringing na
tions to distress, reducing the masses to
starvation, wretchedness, and misery,
and alienating them from God and the
church? The industrial classes toil as
hard as ever, producing all wealth.
Money draws interest, absorbs all forms
of wealth, and impoverishes its pro
ducers. The money changers are again
in the temple, the oppressor of the hire
ling in his wages is everywhere, and what
does Christ's representative say? Where
is now the bold denouncer of wrong
against the poor aud needy, and where
is the whip of small cords? 1
I believe God is bringing the nations to
judgment, and that their distress is the
direct result of violation of his clearly
revealod laws. If the nations do not re
pent, yet more fearful things will come
upon them. '
If the church is not true to God it will
be overthrown.
Yours truly in Christ,
Rev. Wm. J. Warrener.
Warren's "Money Chart" Plau
proposed outline bimetallic code.
Chapter I. The National Government
to have exclusive control in all money
issues and regulations.
Chapter II. Everything ordained as
money to be made a full legal tender for
tho payment of all debts and money
obligations, public aud private.
Chapter III. Every future money obli
gation to be payable in any lawful mouey
of the Uniled States at the time of pay
ment, and condition stated in such future
money obligation to the contrary not
withstanding, subject to valid require
ments of the government to redeem coin
certificates circulating as money.
Chapter IV. Provision to be made
whereby, through government deposit
ories, to be duly established, any person
may conveniently and without expense
deposit with the treasury of the United
States any lawful gold, silver or subsi
diary coin of the United States and re
ceive therefor certificates of deposit of
the same, each redeemable on demand of
the holder in such kind of coin as was de
posited therefor, the certificates so
issued to be in such denominations as
the depositor shall choose, subject to
regulations of Congress. All certificates
of deposit so issued to be made a full
legal tender for the payment of all debts
aud money obligations public and pri
vate. All other money deposit business
to be taxed out of existence.
Chapter N. All the coin so as aforesaid
deposited to be gept under rigid care of
the government aud protected by penal
enactment against substitution of other
coin for it, and against any payment
out of the, same or any of it, under any
circumstances or emergencies whatso
ever, for any purpose except for the re
demption of such certificates, in manner
as hereinbefore deseribed.
Chapter VI. Provision to be made for
the re-issue of said certificates, and for
replacing them with others similar when
niHtilated or otherwise injured on being
returned to the treasury, unless returned
for redemption, and then to be redeemed
and canceled.
Chapter VII. The mintage capacities
of the government to be speedily and
greatly enlarged so as to make practical
the coinage provisions of this code,
especially for the speedy coinage of all
bullion exclusively produced from any
mine or mines in the United States and
territories, and exclusively owned by
any citizen or citizens of the United
States; and. the coiuage of bullion so
produced and owned iu no case to be de
ferred in the least to admit to coiuage
any bullion not so produced and owned,
subject to the provisions of chapter VIII.
Chahter VIII. Provision to be made
for the speedy coinage of the $55,156,
681 of coin value of seigniorage silver
bullion now in the United States treas
ury belonging to the United States, and
issue full legal tender silver certificates
thereou for theiseof the goverumnet.
Then the rest of the silver bullion now in
the treasury to be at convenience coined,
and calling in as fur as convenient the
treasury notes given in payment for said
bullion, and redeeming them in silver
NO. 15
coin or replacing them with full legal
tender silver certificates at the option of
the holders. All issue of certificates un
der this chapter to be subject to all the
pertinent regulations and rules contain
ed in chapters IV., V., nnd VI., of this
code except as in this chapter prescribed.
Chapter IX. Provision to be made for
the prompt coinage after said seignior
age coinage of all such gold and silver
bullion as shall be delivered for that pur
pose at the proper mints of tha United
States, into coin of present lawful stand
am and ratio. All such coin to be de
livered to the person or persons owning
the bullion from which the same was
coined, less the charge for coinage; or, at
the option of such owner or owners of
bullion, certificates of deposit to be de
livered in lieu of coin for the like sum,
subject to all the pertinent rules, regula
tions, restriction, ftnf' requirements
contained in Cbaptors IV., V.. VI., and
VII., of this code.
Chapter X. If at any time the coin op
certificates of either metal, gold or silver
go in common use below par in respect to
the coins or certificates of the other
metal, while all the provisions of this
code are being complied with then coin
age of the below par coins shall cease un
til the parity is restored.
Chapter XI. If the gold coins and cer
tificates and silver coins and certificates
shall maintain their parity in respect to
each other, and if the supply of metal
shall sufficiently hold out, the aforesaid
coinage and issue of certificates shall
continue to increase and maintenance of
the mouey circulation of the United
States at $60 per capita, as near as can
be estimated. And then if said party
shall still further continue, and if the
supply of the metals shall still further
sufficiently hold out, said coinage and
issue of certificates to be continued to
the supplanting of all other kinds of
paper money except United States nQtes
(greenbacks) to be made a full legal ten
der for all debts public and private and
issued in payment of government obliga
tions and expenses, and made redeemable
in all government dues only, and when
redeemed to be retained in the treasury
or re-issued whenever necessary for the
following purposes, to-wit; it shall be
the duty of the Secretary of the Treas
ury, carefully supervised by Congress, by
means of such issue, retention, and re
issue of such notes, and by such other
means, if necessary, as may be available
to maintain perpetually such uniform
purchasing value of the dollar units of
money as shall do justice bet ween debt
ors and creditors and promote industrial ,
and business interests. ; 1 : ,
Chapter XII. Provisions most effect
ual to be made for the establishment of
an international congress exclusively by
and between nations friendly tosilver for
a standard money to agree upou a uni
form ratio of silver to gold for coins,
and for such "other purpose monetary
commercial, and otherwise, as may be
agreed upon among by such nations.
What Might Be.
Professor Th. llertzka, Vienna, Austria,
says in his work, "Lawsof Social Evolu
tion:" "I investigated what labor and
time will be necessary, with our present
machines, etc., to create all common
necessities of life for our Austrian nation
of 22 million. It takes 10) million hek
tors of agricultural lands, 3 million hek
tors of agricultural products. I then
aliowa house to be built forevery family
of five rooms. I then found that all in
dustries, agricultural, architecture, build
ings, flour, sugar, coal, iron, machine
building, clothing and chemical produc
tions, need 615,000 employed, eleven
hours per day, 800 days a year, to satis
fy every imaginable want for 22 million
"This 615,000 laborers are only 12.3
percent of the population able to work,
excluding all women, and all persons un
der 16 years of age or over 50 years of
age. All these latter to be called not
"Should the 5 million abie men be en
gaged to work instead of 515,000, they
only need to work 86.9 days every year
to produceeverythingneeded for tho sup
port of the population of Austria. But
should the 5 million work all the year,
say 300 days, which they likely have to
do to keep the supply fresh in every de
partment, fcach one would only work one
hour and twenty-two and one-half min
utes per day.
"But toengage to produce all the luxu
ries in addition, it would take, in round
figures, a million workers, classed and
assorted as above, or only 20 per cent
of all those able, excluding every woman
or any persou under 16 years or over 50
years, as before. The 20 percent of able,
strong male members could produce
everything imaginable for the whole na
tion of 22 million in two hours and
twelve minutes per day, working 300
days a year. But should tbey shift the
work in proportion to the other remain
ing 80 per cent of the abie workers, all
male members of the nation, every able
worker would only work two hours and
twelve minutes per day. The other life
time could be spent for educational pur
poses, or in recreation, and the whole
nation would have everything a cultivat
ed people want and need." Pittsburg
L. P. Davis, Deutlst over Rock Island
ticket office, cor. 11th and O StKet8.
Bridge and Crown Work a specialty.
ueaauobe bau? Gut iaios Pia plUa.
.3 :j )