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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (July 11, 1895)
LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, JULY 11, 1895.
SO MOVES THE WORLD.
"W aleep and wake and aleep, Dot all things
The Snn DIM forward to hi brother Snn :
The dark Earth follows, wheeled in br ellipse;
And human thlnira, returning on them eel tub,
Uot onward, leading op the golden year."
Prince Bismark is very seriously ill.
Prof. Huxley is dead at the age of 70.
The RubberTrust is quoted as having
cleared $3,000,000 last year.
Two cyclones reported in Pennsylvania
last week. Considerable damage was
The Indiana supply of natural gas is
nearly exhausted. This is indicated by
Vice President Stevenson and Governor
McKinley were the Fourth of July orators
in Chicago this year.
Chicago, thanks to her vigorous Civic
Federa tion, has driven out at least half
of her criminal element.
July 6th, a cyclone created fearful hav
oc at Baxter Springs, Kansas. Five peo
ple dead, twenty badly injured.
The Leader store in Chicago has failed
and is in possession of creditors who hold
$230,000 chattel mortgages against the
The city council room at Jacksonville,
Til wan th seene of a free fiirht between
the city officials July 5th. It was a
general nsticutt melee.
Tha nntim urn. fa of Kansas was drench
ed with a three inch rainfall the night of
July 4th. Great damage to railroad ana
other bridges is reported.
Members of the Chicago board of edn
fttfrn. lwi bv Mr. Rosenthal, are attack
ing the gigantic school book trust known
as the American Isook company.
V A rinr. in Bonton .Tulv 4th. The
A. P. A. men engaged in it are to be
arrested on the charge ol murder, jonn
W. Wills was the man murdered.
Frederic Hellman of Chicago killed him
eelf, wife and four children on the night
of Julv 4th. by turning on the gas. It
was a deliberate act. " Out of work.
John P. Young. editor of the San Fran.
isco Chronicle, has published a ten page
newspaper article in favor of bimetallism
The article would make a good sized vol
Thorn worn mnnv fAtnlities the 4th of
July. One hundred or more people were
. . a. i .v r 1 1 III 1
enousiy injured at j-zanaue, in., oy
nanic caused by rocket falling into, and
exploding a large lot ol nre worKS.
Rand McNallv & Co.. of Chicago, the
Licrirest crintine establishment in the
world, which has been boycotted for a
.year, has become a union office and the
boycott is declared off.
New York City had its first "dry" Sun
day June 30. The police were easily vic
torious. The doors of a number of closed
-saloons were placarded thus: '"We voted
for reform, and this is what we got."
Since 1800 England has had fifty-four
fnrtv-t.wo. Russia twentv-
three, Austria fourteen, Prussia nine
one hundred and forty-two wars by five
nations, with at least four of whom the
gospel of Christ is a state religion.
There was a big riot at Siberia, Perry
country, Ohio, July 4th. One thousand
persons took part in it. Three men were
killed, four fatally hurt and fifty seri
ously wounded. It was an anti-Catholic
-attack on peaceful Catholic picnickers.
Business failures for the first six
months of 1892 numbered 5,391. For
the same period in '93, 6,239; for '94,
6,528, and tor '95, 6,597. This year's
lailures outnumber all previous years;
but they are smaller failures, lue big
iish survives and swallows the little ones.
Winona, Mo., with a population of 600
was swept away by a flood July 5th.
The home of nearly every resident was
wrecked by the water which to a depth
of several feet swept the streets. Eleven
persons are known to have lost their
Jives and seven are missing.
The U. S. treasury deficit for the fiscal
.year ending June 30th was about $ 43,
550,000. Last year's deficit was $70,
000,000. The government expenditures
for the last year were $356,250,000, of
which pensions took $141,391,623. The
postal service deficit was $11,000,000.
The gold reserve is now reported at
The Niagara Power Company now has
ten dynamos of 5,000 horse power each
50,000 horse power running, or ready
to run, converting gravitation into elec
tricity, which by copper wire can be con
ducted near or far, wherever power is
wanted. This ought to have been a gov
ernment enterprise, so that the working
people would be benefited by the work of
The national debts of European na
tions, ''mainly incurred for war purposes,
have reached the inconceivable total of
tweuty-three thousand millions of dol
lars." "One-third of all the revenues
that are drained from labor is devoted to
paying merely the interest on the cost of
past wars, one-third for preparations for
future warsand the remaining third to
all other objects whatsoever."
An author on the Pacific Coast, Fitz
gerald Murphy, has written a social play
in four acts, entitled "TheSilver Lining."
The chief characters are a banker and a
larmer, representatives of the creditor
classes and the debtor masses. The play
nouse was torn to pieces.
Henry Ad I - A
' y -
is said to possess intense human interest
and vividly portrays tne reiauousnip oi
the West and South to the money lend
ing interests of the bankers. The play, it
is predicted, will create a sensation when
put on the boards in Chicago next Sept
ember. Tbe Omtbk Platform Reviewed.
NO. 4. ,
"Transportation being a means of ex
change and a public necessity, the gov
erumeut should own and operate the
railroads in the interest of the people."
A potent argument used by railroad
attorneys and henchmen, in reply to
complaints of railroad oppression, is
that the people cannot get along with
out the railroads. That is in a measure
true. Without means of ready transpor
tation for the products of their toil the
people cannot prosper as they have the
right to. But this is one of the strongest
arguments for government ownership.
Anything which is necessary for -the wel
fare of all the people should never be
placed exclusively in the hands of a part
of the people by the government. Thia
abuse has led to most of the oppressive
monopolies which exist among mankind.
But railroad building requires such a
large outlay of money that no individual
orcompany will undertake their building
without such exclusive privilege. It is
therefore necessary, to save the people
from needless and grasping oppression,
that the railroads should be owned and
operated by the government only.
This, I believe, is now conceded by a
large majority of the people. But it is
objected that though possible in theory
it is impracticable. It is claimed that
however just and Expedient govern
ernment ownership might have been
at the first, there is now such
immense amounts of capital in
vested in the railroads that the govern
ment is unable to buy them even if the
companies were willing to sell; that the
government could not afford, anyway,
to pay the prices which . the companies
would ask, and a sale forced by tbe gov
ernment or at a price not voluntarily
agreed upon by both parties, would be
unconstitutional and therefore void, as
well as unjust.
But ihese conclusions chiefly arise from
the assumption that the railroad system
is like the common business of the people
and therefore subject to the same rules.
This assumption is not true. They are
authorized by special charters, issued on
the expressed, or implied, conditions
that the railroads should be built and
operated in the interests of the people;
and, like other conditioned privileges,
when the conditions are broken the privi
leges should be forfeited.
The objection that the government is
unable to buy the railroads on account
of the vast investment of capital therein
is based on a misconception of the facts
in the case.
The estimated cost of the railroads in
the United States is about $30,000 per
mile. The present estimated worth is
The bonds issued ostensibly for build
ing the roads averaire $32,146 per mile.
Aggregate about $5,500,000,000. Now
tbe very fact that the companies have
issued stock to the amount of about the
worth of the roads, that they have re
ceived grants of land and money from
the people and the government sufficient
to pay a large part of the value of the
roads.in excess of the value of the roads,
and now aim, in their charges for trans
portation, to collect from the people who
patronize them a high rate of interest on
thesuraof the bonuses, stocks and bonds,
proves that they are managing the roads
for their own rapid emolument without
any regard to the interests of the people
or the principles of common business
honesty. This being the case and their
charters having been thereby justly for
feited, the only question remaining to
solve is this: How may the railroads be
transferred from the present owners to
the government without adding to the
burdenaof the people, and at the same
time without violating the constitution
of our country, or commonly accepted
principles of statutory law?
In the first place the charters should be
revoked by act of congress. Then the
roads should be condemned for sale for
the use of the people. They should then
be appraised at their actual value. The
government should buy them at
their appraised value, and as in other
similar cases the bonds should first be
paid off. As these, exceed the value of
the roads, the legal obligations of the
government would be fully discharged
and the ownership revert to the govern
ment, to which it rightfully belongs. I
know it will be objected by some that
such a course would wrong the innocent
stockholders. But we must remember
tat in ordinary business transactions
that man would be considered unfit to
transuct business if he should buy pro
perty which was already bonded for
more than it was worth, and if he pur
chased the stock before the bonds were
given he would be a party to the same
and could not claim the role of innocent
In regard to the inability of the people
to pay for the roads; the cost to the peo
ple for their use under the present system
is sufficient to fully pay for them in less
than 15 years with a reasonable rate of
interest on the purchase money, while the
payment in legal tender notes would
create no burden for the people but the
responsibility of supporting and protect
ing the government. II.
- """ - J; omknisy CO.. Toledo, 0. 1 Dispatch.
Bold by Drnggleta, 7te. '
AN DNCORRUPTED JDDGE
The flation Hears What It Should Heat
From Jnitioe Brown
IATUBAL U0B0P0LY CONSIDERED
His Remarkable Address to The Law
Graduates at Yale College in Which
He Describes Our Situation
He Talks as a Populist Would
Associate Justice Henry B. Brown, of
the United States Supreme Court, ad
dressed tbe graduating law class of Yale
College week before last, and spoke so
plainly and forcibly that good citizens
must needs be moved by what be said.
Hissupportof the Populist demands, vir.
government ownership of natural mono
polies, isa most complete answer to those
who are afraid of anything socialistic,
The one way out of our difficulties is to
gradually enlarge the sphere of govern
ment services until it shall have control
of all natural monopolies and perfectly
"While the signs of the material devel
opment and prosperity of the country
were never more auspicious than at the
present, it is not to be denied that the
tendmicies of the past thirty years have
produced a state of social unrest which
auirurs ill for the future tranquility. The
processes of combination have resulted
not only in putting practically the entire
manufacturing industry ot tne country
in the hands of corporations, but have
enabled the latter to put an end to com
petition among themselves by the crea
tion of trusts to monopolize the produc
tion of a particular article. Upon the
other hand, labor, taking its cue from
capital, though more, slowly, because
less intelligent and alert to its own in
terests, is gradually consolidating its
various trade unions, with the avowed
object of dictating the terms upon which
the productive and transportation in
dustry of the country shall be carried on
The reconciliation of this strife, if recon
ciliation be possible, is the great social
problem which will confront you as you
enter upon the stage of professional life.
"While I feel assured that the social
disquietude does not point to the des
truction of private property, it is not
improbable that it will result in the
gradual enlargement of the functions of
government and to the ultimate control
of natural monopolies. If the govern
ment may be safely intrusted with the
transmission of our letters and p apers, I
see no reason why it may not also with
our telegrams and parcels, as is almost
universally the case in England, or with
our passengers and freight, a state
ownership of railways, as in Germany,
France, Austria, Sweden and Norway. If
the state owns its highways, why may it
not also own its railways? If a munici
pality owns its streets and keeps them
paved, sewered and cleansed, why may it
not also light them, water them and
transport its citizens over them?
"Such at least is the tendency of mod
ern civilization in nearly every highly
civilized state but our own, whose great
corporate interests, by parading the bug
bears of 'paternalism' and 'socialism,'
have succeeded in securing franchises
which , properly belong to the public.
Tli9 fear, too, that these monopolies
might be used for political purposes has
hitherto proved an insuperable objection
to their exercise by the state, but the de
velopment of civil service reform has of
late been so rapid and satisfactory that
its introduction into this new field of use
fulnesswould follow asa matter of course
and would obviate the most formidable
difficulty in the way of the proposed
"Universal suffrage, which it was con
fidently supposed would inure to the
benefit of the poor man, is so skillfully
manipulated as to rivet his chains and
to secure to the rich a predominance in
politics never enjoyed under a restricted
system. Probably in no country in the
world is the influence of wealth more po
tent than in this, and in no period of our
history has it been more powerful than
now. So far as such influence is based
upon superior intelligence and is exerted
for the public good, it is doubtless legiti
mate; so far as it is used to secure to
wealth exceptional privileges, to trample
upon the rights of the publie, to stifle
free discussion, or to purchase public
opinion by a subsidy of the press, it in
vites measures of retaliation which can
scarcely fail to be disastrous."
After referring to the manner in which
corporate powers are secured and used
for dishonest purposes, Justice Brown
"Worse than this, however, is the com
bination of corporations in so-called
trusts to limit production, stifle compe
tition and monopolize the necessities of
life. The extent to which this has already
been carried is alarming -the extent to
which it may hereafter be carried is revo
lutionary. Indeed, the evils of aggregat
ed wealth are nowhere seen in more
odious forms. If no student can light
his lamp without paying tribute to one
company; if no house-keeper can buy a
pound of meat or of sugar without swell
ing the receipts of two or three all-per
vading trusts, what Is to prevent the en
tire productive industry of the country
becoming ultimately absorbed by a hun
dred gigantic corporations?" .
ENDORSED OMAHA. PLATFORM
Kentucky Populists In State Conven
tion Demand Free Sliver Coinage
Louisville, July 5. The state conven
tion of Kentucky Populists met in its
second day's session today and adopted
a platform reaffirming the Omaha plat
form. It also demands as follows:
"A demand for free and uulimited coin
age of silver on a 16 to 1 ratio without
askinir the assistance of Great Britain.
"A demand that national banks be
abolished and the national government
issue legal tender notes for silver.
"A demand that the addition to the
natioual debt by interest bearing bonds
"The recent Democratic issue of bonds
which. were sold to tbe Rothschilds is de
clared an infamy.
"A demand that the parity of legal
i i 1 ; x -1 1
tenaer money ue maintaineu.
"A demand that it be unlawful for con
gress to stipulate any kind of money in
payment of debts.
"A demand for an amendment to the
United States constitution to provide for
an income tax. Itdeclaresthat they view
with alarm the recent acts of congress in
regard to the bank tax, and trusts that
the will of the people will be sustained uy
a reversal of these decisions.
"A demand that the trusts be crushed.
"Demands retrenchment in every part
of the government."
Afterlistening to the women and debat
ing the question at length, the woman's
rights planks were overwhelmingly re
jected by the convention.
"THERE IS NO LAW"
So Says an Eminent Lawyer and
"There is no such thing as law," was
the surprising and comforting piece of
information given by Governor Clark of
Arkansas to the graduates of the law de
partment of the Arkansas University
last week. The governor had just pre
sented diplomas to the young men, which
the recipients might naturally suppose
were evidence that they knew some law,
as a result of several years of study.
GoyernorClark explained that there were
some rules accepted as law, but these
were so complex in principle as to render
the law a myth. Ninety per cent of ap
pealed cases could be decided either way,
lie averred, and lawyers on the bench
were frequently divided on the question
of what is the law.
Every merchant, manufacturer, work
inginan and farmer in the land ought to
read Mr. Clark's statement until he has
committed it to memory.
It is their misfortune that they believe
that there is such a thing as law. It is
only a hoodoo interpreted by judges to
suit themselves or the men that hired
them. The great monopolies haveunder
Btood this for years and it has always
been-their aim to secure the election and
appointment of judges favorablo to their
There is no law that cannot be driven
through with coach and four provided a
venal judire can be secured. Amid the
Woods, Kicks, and Jenkinses with Fuller,
Shiras and their outfit at Washington
have demonstrated this.
What under heaven is the country
coming to, if we have bo law and venal
judges can make law as they or their
masters see flt7
Talk about auarchyl We have it now
in its worst form. This paper has al
ways maintained that, but it was neces
sary that some eminent lawyer prove
it before the people generally would be
Now we have the proof. Labor Advo
Solid Eastern Ignorance
Kane, Pa., June 29, 1895.
Editor Wealth Makeus: '
I am now traveling in Pennsylvania,
and wish that you had the opportunity
of seeing eastern ignorance and eastern
prejudice on economic questions, that I
have. People here seem to think that
the Rocky Mountains are mountains of
silver and that it can be mined by the
carload as coal is mined here.
I find a few here who have allowed the
truth to enter, and dare to stand up for
sufferinsr humauity. These are called
cranks, fanatics, fools, anarchists, etc.,
and it takes a brave man to stand up
against the persecution of paid hirelings
of the money power. Uur cause is gain
ing here; but we will be a long time get
ting relief if western and southern voters
continue to support nominees of the
Demo-Republican party of goiuism. ine
reform elements of the west must unite.
W. P. Hatten,
of Fullerton, Neb.
"Standing Like a Stone Wall"
Bavett. Texas, June, 1895.
Editor Wealth Makers:
PUaaa finn tnt- fliiltaprintinn tn TnlC
Wealth Makers. It is a splendid Pop
ulist paper. I am not able to take it
now, but will give you a lift next year
durinirthe big campaign of '96. Texas
ropuusts nre "standing hko a. stone
whII" for tli Omnlia nlatform. We are
200,000 strong in Texas, and will carry
Texas in '96. Populists, stand to your
gunsl D. C. Gibson.
aOc'tifl November' lstl
w ah !'v
Land and Money.
, The profit, so-called, which is strictly
the result of effort, physical or mental, is
obviously subject to world-wide competi
tion, and must therefore conform to the
general living standard prevailing in the
trade or profession concerned. It is
wrong, therefore, and misleading, to
speak of such increase as profit, for an
equivalent must have been rendered, ap
proximately at least, in each case. But
a consideration of rent and interest
brings us face to face with an entirely dif.
These two leading factors of the indus
trial situation (land and money), one the
seat of all production, the other the chief
instrument of exchange, not being the
product of, or producible by individuals,
it follows that any increase derived from
the mere possession, or loaning of them,
is pure gain, and the loaner being still in
full possession of all his natural ability
to produce, or distribute, retaining still
his full power to compete, is clearly occu
pying a position of advantage. On tbe
other hand it is obvious that the bor
rower is reversely, in exact proportion,
at a disadvantage.
So long as the mere possession of an
article enables the possessor to acquire a
clear gain, a gain not subject to redistri
bution in any degree through living or
other expenses, so long must wealth con
tinue to accumulate, with almost mathe
matical precision, in the hands of a con
stantly diminishing number.
I may be over sanguine, but I believe
the general recognition of these facts will
far transcend, in human benefit, the dis
coveries and uses of steam and electric
ity. Given perfect freedom to produce and
distribute, on equitable terms, with the
advantage of modern invention in ad
dition, who can predict the result, and
its significance, physically or spiritu
. Said a good Populist brother, wbc had
read our editorial "Hold Your Ground,"
in last issue, "don't you want the help of
the silver men?"
"To what silver men do you refer?" we
"To Sibley, Warner, Morgan, Jones o'
Arkansas, Turpie, Teller, Bryan, Bland,
Yes, we would like to have their help,
but we will not get a bit of it. These
men are not trying to save a principle
but a party.
The educational work of the Populists
has created a sentiment for currency re
form. In many rtates it is overwhelming.
These party leade do not want real cur
rency reform, but they must do some
thing or lose the suppoi t of their adher
ents. So they take a small part of the
queatiou of finance; a part which if
granted would work no harm t-? plutoc
racy, and by a big hullabaloo t.-v to
magnify that in the eyes of the rank and
file of their party and if possible keep
them from joining a party that demands nt lor the social change which u aaaifettng
n.nnrliiiifr thnrninrh in ireform lelf everywhere among the eommoa people. It
sometning tnorougn in Feiorm. ii inspire tbe people with courage and chew
Our work is not with the leaders, bul ti fellowship in the great truggi that la be
wail the runk mid file. Our help will not" them-" "
come from the leaders but from the rank pro'- RM ' Ind,BB' th
j ui rm. i i i .niter oi -me van Dennett national Team,
and file. Ihe leaders are sharp enough,..: -h. taken nain. to run thrm,h th.
to know what the country needs, andork and pronounce it a grand collection i
that free silver is but a small part oir d a high order of moelo."
what it needs. When education hasdoneTh Ern,F1ld ndF,r"''y,: h-
., . . , , ,, ,. . , ten left to Mr. OeorKe Howard Olbeoa to intro-
its perfect work and Populism has be-lce a tone into the eon of the party, and
come powerful through accessions fro mi write a aehe of patriotic song which are
the rank and file of the old parties, thenrd r our nteratnre tor
... , , -ii t j i- ftlnee of motive and real merit from a literary
these leaders will be inside our lines mt of view, while at the tame time the are not
grasping for the loaves and fishes andl all lacking In the maiical qnalltr whk-h moat
swearing that they are original reformers'co"i"r,iT " PT" e' "Jr ng tonche
But not till then.-New Charter. V 115 ""??!
Tbe Effect of Fusion.
Arborville, York Co., Neb., 1895.
Editor Wealth Makers:
In regard to my paper, I cannot pay
for my subscription until I harvest a
crop. I have had two failures of crops,
one following another. If you care to
send the paper until then, all right. A
dollar is as scarce as hens' teeth up here.
I wish to tell you a thing or twoabout
our party up lere. When our tickets
came out on election day all our converts
from the Republican party which we had
labored for the last two or three years,
bolted, saying: "I am not going to vote
a Democrat ticket." So we got left when
we might have been solid Independent.
There are a great many Republicans here
that acknowledge the Republican party
is not what it ought to be, but will not
come over to the independents for the
reason of the ballots being marked fus
ion. It this cannot be stopped any other
way, why can't the Independents have
their caucuses and conventions after the
Democrats, so they can't endorse the
candidates of our party? Why can't the
Independent party send a committee on
the day the ballots are printed and see
that our party is not imposed on?
H. K. Ballard.
and Steamship Ticket
For rail and steamship tickets at
lowest rates to any part of the world
call on A. S. Fielding, City Ticket Agent
Northwestern Line, 117 S. 10th St. 49t
apply at U. a U. depot or sity tiokei I
America's Uncrowned King;.
The uncrowned king of America has re.
turned from his trip across the sea. Par
nell used to be called an "uncrowned
king," but he held his place on sufferance
ot popular approval, and so was no true
king. President Cleveland is at times re.
furred to by his enemies as a "czar," but
the duration of his powers is fixed, and
he is no true king. The real uncrowned
king of America is one who is not de
pendent upon popular approval, ,s the
duration of whose powers is not fixed,
who is obliged to account. to no one for
bis movements, and who dictates not
only to politicians but to railroad mag
nates, bankers, and trusts, and who by a
nod of his head and a turn of his wrist
decrees the rise or fall of values, the ebb
or flow of prosperity. There is but one
such man, and his name is J. Pierpont
Morgan. To him the president appealed
when this nation of seventy-five millions
was floundering on tbe verge of bank
ruptcy. He heard the appeal, set hisown
price on his services, and extended the
costly protection of his kingly arm. He
went to England, and lot those who had
been selling out American securities be
gan to buy. He spake and the gold
ceased to leave thecountry. He returned
and when he set foot upon the western
hemisphere the planet tipped. The stock
exchange almost ceased to do business
until he was heard from in a public state
ment. Tbe railroad presidents hastened
to him in a body, prostrated themselves
and cried, "Help us or we perish." Trust
magnates came and cried unto him, "Un
less you reorganize us, we are lost"
Nothing like this man's apparent power
has been seen since the republic was born.
It is hardly an exaggeration to say that
the nation's prosperity depends as much
upon what J. Pierpont Morgan says and
does as upon the condition of the crops
or the decrees of congress. The fact may
not be discreditable to him. On the con
trary, it is due to undoubted financial
genius, which has been exerted for the
most part, not as Jay Gould's was ex
erted, in wrecking great enterprises, but
in sustaining and developing them. He
was not responsible that the government
got into a bog and had to call for help..
He was not responsible that the railroads
were unable to adjust their differences
and had to appeal to him. Scanning his
conspicuous record for the last fewyears,
we do not see what there is to reproach
him for. But, all the same, there is no
more alarming symptom of industrial,
economical, and financial disease than
the tremendous powers that have become
vested in this man. What system is this
that concentrates in tbe hands of a single
individual the power of life and death al
most upon a nation's industries? We
have done away with crowned monarchs,
and, politically, we have a republic.
What, in all soberness, we ask, is this
fact to avail us if we retain an industrial
system that gives to us in place of a
political monarch or a political oligarchy
a financial monarch or a financial olig
archy of more unbounded sway over the
destinies of the people thanemperorsand
kings ever expect to wield ? It is time to
do some thinking I Voice.
. -uhjui auu aitmii
! In anlckenlntr and Dcrradlnc th trntmiin
Foot Coverning at 20 per cent discount.
Foot-Form Store 1213 O St.
Wnlttaker Wichita Plant MortgagaoV
Wichita, Kan., July 11, Francis
Wbittaker & Sons have given a mort
gage of $300,000 on their packing plant
here in favor of Benjamin F. Edwards
of St. Louis. W. H. Thompson of St.
Louis released a $50,000 mortgage on
the plant. The establishment will
soon be in fall operation.
Blew Open tha Safe).
EtJPB, Kan., July ll.Ths safe in
the Santa Fe depot at this point was
blown open by professional burglars
and about 930 in cash secured. No
elue was found, except a necktie (four-in-hand),
which was used to tie a sack
on a sledge-hammer and which had oa
it the stamp of the Economy Clothing
bouse of Carthage, Mo.
Governor Cnlberson for Silver.
ArSTur, Texas, July 11. Governor
Cnlberson, in a letter to Hon. John
Bookhoul of Dallas, comes out for tha
free and unlimited coinage of silver at
Knights Templar Boston Excur
sion. For. the above occasion on dates
August 10th to 24th inclusive, the
Northwestern line will sell tickets at one
fare for the round trip. Choice of routes
from Chicago. Make your plans to go
by this short line east. City office 117
So. 10th SW Depot Cor. 8th and S. 519
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