The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, May 16, 1895, Image 1

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1 . 1
"W sleep and wake and deep, Dnt all thing
The Ban fliee forward to his brother Ban ;
The dark Earth follow, wheeled In bfr ellipse;
And human tilings, returning on themselves,
Move onward, leading op the golden year."
There were 15,000 socialists in the May
1st parade in New xork.
According to the public census of New
York, just taken, that city bas now
population of 1,849,866.
Russia la building a railroad five thous
and miles long through Siberia to the
Pacific ocean, the longest railway in the
It is stated that $70,000,000 of Ameri
can stocks and bonds heaped upon the
backs of our toilers, have been sold to
foreigners since February.
George Jay Gould, Jay's son, is said to
be figuring and scheming to buy or break
his way into the United states senate,
via the New Jersey legislature.
A serious strike was reported in last
week's papers, thousands of laborers in
the Illinois Steel Works Having come in
to conflict with the Chicago police.
The city of Chicago has been defrauded
by its board of public works, by duplicat
ing pay rolls, to the probable extent of
$1,000,000. The loss also falls partly
on the duped laborers, who were ignor
ant of their rights.
In Tienna, May 1st, 80,000 working-
men assembled in ParliamentSquareand
spent the day shouting for universal
suffrage. Here in America - where they
have had it for a hundred years they
have nevertheless been getting into bond
age, a state ot dependence and povertv
The gas trust of Chicago has decided
to squeeze $300,000 more a year out of
the peppio ot Chicago, it also insists on
I being a preferred creditor and getting its
bills paid once a month,, since the
Standard Oil company bought out the
trust, prices have been raised, instead of
, -lowered, as predicted.
There is a great national leather trust
that in a short time has raised the price
of leather 20 to 33 cents a pound. The
,. -Omaha Bee says: "'From present indica
tions the Leather Trust threatens to
rival in rapacity the great sugar refining
combination, which in the past has
exacted tens of millions from American
-consumers, and is still as grasping as
The Gray Racing Bill has passed both
houses of the INew lork legislature. The
Senate defeated the bill one day, but the
next day reconsidered the action and
passed it, indicating that the gamblers
had meanwhile "seen "and satisfied them.
It is publicly charged that the attitude
of some of the senators who changed
their votes was dictated by a desire to
draw blackmail from the racing men.
Philip Chester, a discharged laborer in
I . the Chicago bureau of water pipe exten-
rsion, went to the Mayor s office and de
manded the wages due him. He was put
on. But the next day be came with his
wife and five children and again demand
ed the money, but was told the matter
had not been settled. He at this took
two of his children and said the Mayor
would have to take care of them until he
was paid, whereupon policemen in the
office attempted to remove but be fought
desperately and his wife and children
screamed and yelled at the top of their
voices. Jjelore be could be taken away
tlse Mayor learned that he and his family
mil Deen turned out of their home for
' nolr-payment of rent, and he ordered him
released and his wages paid him before
lue left the building.
The discovery of helium, a gas suppos'
ed heretofore to exist only in the sun, in
W 4.1 i i
itiurwuy m tue mineral eievene, is a mai
ter of cnnHirferfl.hte anennln.rirA nn well n.a
v ,
of purely scientific interest. This helium
is a gas t hat is supposed to be very much
lighter than hydrogen just how much
lighter has not, we believe, been yet de
termined. If it can be obtained in large
quantities, it will probably supersede the
use of hydrogen in balloons, and will
give us a much greater power than we
now possess to overcome the force of
gravitation and obtain dominion over
the air. The only trouble with our var
ious flying machines now is that they
can't fly, can't lift themselves up into the
air. It must be admitted that this is a
Bomewhat serious trouble; but if we have
now found a gas with three or four
times the lifting power of hydrogen, we
may yet be able to store away in com
partments on a flying machine to an ex
tent sufficient to make rising into the air
a far easier thing than it has yet baen
found to be. Who knows but we may
yet see bicycles with pneumatic tires
blown up with helium, fitted up with sails
and fan-shaped arrangements, go pad
dling their way through the circumam
bient air? Edgar Allen Poe, by the way,
more than 50 years ago had one of his
characters, Hans Pfaal, navigating the
air by means of a gas three times as
light as hydrogen, which was derived
frKn a "particular metallic substance"
bineans of "a very common acid." His
imaginary gas corresponded closely to
helium, which is derived from eleveite by
means of sulfuric acid. The Voice.
Baldness is often preceded or accom
panied by grayness of tae hair. To pre:
vent both baldness and grayness, use
Hall's Hair Renewer, an honest remedy.
The governor has appointed F. B. Hib
bard, of Douglas county, deputy oil in
spector. Hibbard is a true blue Populist
and is worthy, but it seems a little funny.
He is a very wealthy man and owns
large farm in Douglas county, which he
operates as well as breeds stock. He has
about as much need of the office as a pig
has for two tails, and yet he applies for
it and gets it. Let us notice a compan
son: John F. Mefferd. of this city, ap
plies for a deputy oil inspectorship. He
is worthy and well qualified and has been
as long and as faithful a Populist as any
person in the state. He is a poor man
and needs the place. He squandered his
means trying to hold up a Populist pa
per in Lincoln, tie gets turned down,
thoutrh bis backing was good (only he
did not have Senator Allen's endorse
ment). Such is political preferment-
United States Senator Allen seems to be
the one powerful element with Governor
Holcomb, in the way of securing the ap
pointments. He got Dr. Mackay, his
family physician and political mouth
piece, appointed superintendent of the
Norfolk asylum in spite of the protest of
the party leaders of the 3d congressional
district. He succeeded in getting beidign
appointed warden of the penitentiary
out of a young army of applicants
Leidigh, as a Democratic representative
in the legislature of 1893, was the first
to break to Allen for United States sena
tor, hence this reward. Edmisten, as
chief oil inspector, and the deputies sel
ected, are about all with Allen's endorse
ment. In fact Allen seems to be bigger
than his party and the wishes of the lat
ter count for nought when not in accord
with him. ljuill. ,
"What Is His Private Business'
fWe copy the following verbatim et
literatim,&B a somewhat uniquespecimen
of thinking and writing.-EniTOB Wealth
We should like to know why The Wealth
Makers, that claims to be the state
organ of the People's party, is continu
ally kicking. It allows its columns to be
filled with the ranting of cranks, who im
agine that some one will steal a plank
out of the Populist platform and is con
tinually talking about keeping in the
middle of the road, just as if some are
straying away. J. he editor is supposed
to be working for the good of the party
and notto tie always begrowling because
others see things in a different light from
what his nnmasculate brain observes it.
Just remember a mannamed by Burrows
that thought he had a mortgage on the
ideas to be advanced and probably you
will call to mind how be dropped with
dull thud. The party is ready to do the
same act when any one sits himself up as
a dictator as to what was the rank and
file shonld do. Our party believes in
majority rule, and when a convention
adjourns we know our labor and need no
preceptor to command us what to do
As to Governor Holcomb's appointments
it is none of The Wealth Makers busi
ness who is appointed. When he asks the
question, "Have we a Pop. governor" he
simply shows a dead loss of all the sense
he ever had. We are not children to be
hushed with threats. Holcomb should
give certain people to understand that
he will allow no interference with what is
bis private business. Ho wells Journal.
What The Quill Thinks
The Populist party is noadjuuet to the
Democratic party. The members of the
Populist party are no more in favor of
one party than the other. Both are rot
'en and hypocritical, as well as cowardly.
If the Populist party hopes to succeed
ihe must keep in the middle ot the road.
'I a Republican becomes disgusted with
us own party and yet is not willing to
ump from the Republican frying pan in1
:o the Democratic fire, 'he will naturally
co to the Populists, but he will not do so
if the Populist kettle is on the Democratic
fire. So it is with the disgusted Demo
crat. The Populist party is a protest
against old party dishonesty to the peo
ple and must keep its skirts out of the
mire of either if it desires to remain re
spected and clean. The member of the
ropulisb party who tries to make the
new, movement a tail to either old party
kite is a traitor to the cause and should
be exiled. Our party has already too
many of the sort and big and little must
go. The country has repudiated the
Democratic party and will repudiate the
Populist party if itcan be shownthatthe
new party is claimed by some to be "just
the same as the Democratic party." The
Why Not Learn Something
Exeter, Neb., April 6, 1895.
Editor Wealth Makers:
Enclosed please find one dollar to re
new my subscription for one year. I also
wish you to give my beet respects to all
the editors who are standing up so man
fully for the Omaha platform. I can't
see why some of our leaders can't learn
by the experience the Greenback party
had by fusion, with the Democrats. And
they will serve us the same way as long
as our leaders give them encouragement.
We will never see victory until we shut
the door on them.
Yours for right and justice,
John Kkohn.
' f "
Feeble and delicate constitutions gain
great benefit by the use of Ayer's Sarsap-arilla.
Fusion at Work
That somebody at Indianapolis, Ind.,
is in the fusion deal is very evident from
a dispatch which appears in the Chicago
Record Wednesday morning.
It will be seen that the report starts
out by admitting that old party lines are
breaking up, but at once drops to the
conclusion that the Democratic party
will become the silver party.
The dispatch comes through the Associ
ated Press and is entitled to but little
credit, and only for our personal know
ledge of certain facts, not one word of it
would be given any credence.
Ikdianapolis, Ind., May 7. The Popu
lists of Indiana, acting under instructions
from Chairman Taubeneck of the nation
al committee, are now maneuvering for
a union with the free silver wing of the
Democratic party. 'One of the Populist
leaders said today that a union of the
Populists with the free silver men in both
the old parties in inevitable. "We think
we see the breaking up of old political
parties," said he. "Thecontest next year
will be between the gold men on one side
and the silver men on the other. The
Democratic party will become the silver
party; the Republican party will be forc
ed to stand by gold. The contest will be
one in which the south and west will be
arrayed against the east. The battle
ground will be in Indiana, Illinois, Iowa
and Minnesota. If the south and west
stand together for free silver they will
"Do the Populists stand ready to unite
with the Democratic silver party?"
"We certainly do. If the party should
win it would be a victory for the Popu
lists. It is immaterial under what name
we win. 1 he free coinage of silver is tne
central doctrine of the Populists, and we
are ready to make any sort of a union if
we can accomplish our object.
No true Populist ever uttered such
words as are attributed to this "Populist
Such a course would merely mean the
annihilation of the party for the sake of
trying to win one point.
Honest supporters of the Omaha plat
form will never agree to such a disgrace
ful surrender. -
liet us nope that the dispatch is an
associated press "fake," but at the same
time don't fail to keep an eye on every
proposition to side track the party.
Chicago Express.
Stanton County Against Fnelon
Stanton, Neb., May 10, 1895.
Editor Wealth Makers:
Personally my position on the question
of fusion is known to yourself and read
ere as some of my expressions as voiced
in my paper, the Stanton Picket, have
been copied in The Wealth Makebs. In
my position of unconditional opposition
to fusion l have, with very few excep
tions, the unanimous support of Popu
lists of this county. Last fall we made
a vigorous campaign without assistance
from the state central committee (not
beinar able to tret from that worthy bodv
so much as a reply to numerous personal
communications written them) and al
ways along the line of anti-fusion, and
succeeded in materially increasing our
party strength, while m all counties
where Populist leaders went flirtinar with
Democracy our party vote was less than
the previous year.
ropulists of this county arecreatlv in
censed over the appointment of J T-T.
Mackay as Superintendentof the Norfolk-
Asylum, and do not hesitate to so ex
press themselves, while honest Democrats
arescarcely less indignant from the same
cause. Uut we are Populists and as such
are bound to principles and not to men.
and the party which gave the people the
Omaha platform will continue to live
and gain strength regardless of the ac
tions of a few mugwump office seekers
and traitors to party principles. Straight
Populists still hold the powerin numbers
and iutellect in Nebraska and will assert
it too, at the next state convention.
1 arty principles must and shall be main
tained, though our numbers grow less
and every office is wrested from us, and
this long after fusion schemes and mug-
wumpiHin are buried with all party trai
tors, and all these are forgotten, or if
not forgotten are remembered onlv with
other traitorous and disreputable
schemes concocted to break down the
only People's party and assist in the
delaying of securing the riirhts which are
juwtly theirs. The principles of the Peo
ple s party as voiced in the Omaha plat
form are principles that were not born to
die, and the people will finally see to it
that their mission is accomplished. When
ever the roll of counties is called Stanton
will respond as one man, "anti-fuHion."
A. F. Enos.
When the Ivll Fell Sick
Lour City, Neb., May 9, 1895. '
Editor Wealth Makers:
"Whatsoever a man eoweth that Bhall
he reap," never fails of realization.
The Populist party is reaping the bitter
fruit of the fatal seed sown in our last
state convention.' Not was com
posed of bad men, but like, an ancient
assemblage of our very good men we
read of in the Bible history, "Satan came
Zealand Depicted By One Of Its
Bepreeentative Men -
Government Owns and Operates the Rail
road! and Telegraph Free Land and
No Monopolies or Corruption
Banke Under Control
Hon. A. D. Willis of New Zealand, a
leading printer of that country and a
member of the New Zealand parliament,
stopped over night in this city, home
ward bound from England. Mr. Willis
has been absent from home some months,
having been on a business trip to Ger
many, England and the United States.
He has been inspecting the latest im
proved printing and ruling machinery
manufactured within the three above
named countries. It is needless to say
that he made a part of his purchases
from American firms.
When seen at the Hotel Butler, Satur
day nittht. by a representative of the
Call, he at first declined to be interview
ed, but when assured that the govern
ment of New Zealand had been much die
cussed of late in this part of the world
and the readers of the Call would peruse
every word he said with interest, he fin
ally consented. He said:
"In traveling through this country and
Canada 1 am greatly impressed with
your condition. The fabulous wealth of
some of your corporations and citizens,
while almost in the shadows of tbei
mansions live people who have not the
bare necessities of life, are conditions
made by legislation. You made a grave
mistake when you gave so much of your
land and other natural resources to pri
yate corporations which have become
private monopolies and who will drain
you worse and worse every year until
the end, which no man fully knows. We
made the same mistake, but years ago
through the teachings of John Batlance,
discovered it, and now have that mis
take almost rectified. In our country
we have two parties, viz: the Liberals
and the Conservatives. The Liberals are
the class who believe in legislation for the
benefit of the poor and letting the rich
take care of themselves, while the Con
servatives hang around the van and
shout 'No! nol You'll ruin the country.'
We have killed the monopolies and there
fore have no corruption in high places; a
dishonest act by a public officer not hav
ing been heard of for years. ine gov
ernment owns and operates both the
railroads and telegraph lines which are
run entirely in the interest of commerce
without profit to any London or New
York aristocrat.1
"The land, too, is perfectly free from
tne land monopolists, as we nave a
graduated land tax law which exempts
nomesteads, to a certain number of acres,
from taxation. Every acre, however,
above the homestead limit is taxed and
the larger the buildings the higher be
comes tne rate of taxation. All lands
not in use are also taxed and the govern
ment stands ready to buy land of any
character at its assessed valuation. It is
then cut into homesteads and sold for
the same price to any one who wants to
buy, provided they pay 6 per cent per
annum, of which one per cent applies to
a sinking fund and pays the entire prin
cipal in 33 years. The government will
always loan money on real estate to in-
viduals to the extent of three-fifths of
the valuation of such real estate, at the
rate of 5 per cent per annum. We also
collect agraduated income tax and have
given the option to cities to practice sin
gle tax. We have no monopolies, and
better still, we have no paupers. This
may seem strange to you but neverthe
less it is a fact, if a man becomes desti
tute we set him to work on five acres of
land in oneof the three 'villages' reserved
for that purpose. He builds a house,
cultivates the soil and otherwise impro
ves the property, for which valuable ser
vice the government pays him in money.
After the first year he becomes self-sup
porting and begins to reimburse thegov-
ernment by making small payments
annually, until after a number of years
the property becomes Iiih.
JNeit her have we such a thing as pen
sions. When a man goes to work for the
government he in required to take out a
ue insurance policy, which he usually
takes In the government company be
cause of the much lower rate. If he is
killed or disabled his family draws the
face of the policy, but if he lives to a cer
tain age it becomes an annuity and pays
him a certain premium annually, the
principal payable to hisheirs after death.
ihe banks, too, are under the supervi
sion of the Kovernment. When the
Australian panic occurred it frightened
the depositors in the Bank of New Zea-
and, But the government immediately
took charge of it and guaranteed it for
2,000,000 pounds, which restored the
connoence oi tne pumic ana we bad no
bank failures. The government is still in
possession and whether it will remain so
(Continued on 3rd page.)
"Stand By Yonr Colore"
Hartinqton, Neb., May 2, 1895.
Editor Wealth Makers:
The Apostle James eays: "Behold, how
treat a matter a little fire kindleth."
On the 20th of last March, after ask
ing the advice of friends upon whose
judgment I(relied, and having received
their approval, the writer of these lines
ventured to introduce before the Populist
state central committee six resolutions,
which be confidently expected would
pass without a dissenting voice. Judge
of my surprise when I beheld the storm
of opposition they met with, and of my
grief when they were tabled by a vote of
11 to 8. - At the personal request of
Judge McKeighan I offered to withdraw
the sixth resolution. This was not be
cause my opinion had changed, but
simply because the request came from the
source that it did.
As these resolutions have appeared
twice in your columns, it will be unneces
sary to reproduce them here. But a word
in regard to each of them I hope will not
be out of place.
First, weought toetand ontheOmaba
platform. A party which repudiates its
own platform can hardly command the
respect of the nation. The objection
urged against this first resolution was
that the Omaha platform endorsed the
sub-treasury plan. That the sub-treas
ury scheme is imperfect and even totally its present form, I concede.
But the Omaha platform was right
when it approved of that or some better
plan. Some device must be brought
about for a currency purely local a cur
rency which cannot toe cornered in Wall
Street, or ajl our fondly cherished hopes
of relief from free silver will end, like
apples of Sodom, in dust and ashes. The
sub-treasurer at New York is a member of
the New York clearing house, and he bas
agreed as such member not to pay ou
silver without 80 days notice to the
other members. Think of itl the ipse
dixit Of a clearing bouse is greater than
the statute of thin nation. Witorthts
leverage the bulls and bears of Wall
Street can corner gold, buy up silver in
anticipation of a rise in its value; and
when the thing is done, we would hear
the taunt: "Didn t we tell you that you
would not get the relief from free silver
you expected. Better just trust this thing
to us financiers."
If we do not have something like the
sub-treasury plan adopted the people
will fly to the institution of state banks
as their only hope of salvation. We do
not believe in this, for it is farming out
to individuals the sacred function ol
m Second. The mission of the Populist
p'arty is a sacred and holy one a mis
sion of its own a child is born. Out
mission is not the galvanization of tin
Democratic corpse.
Third. Let us extend the ritrht hand o!
fellowship to the good men of all partiei
to "come up to the help of the Lord
against the mighty," to the Tillmam
the Blands, the Hibleys, the Cameron s
the St. Johns.and to ourown Bryan. In t
firivate letter addressed to Mr. Bryai
ast year, I urged him to come to ui
while he could come as an ally and nol
as a fugitive. In the Democratic part
be is but a Lybiau in Carthage. Why doei
be stay? fccho answers, "whyi"
Fourth. Only Populists should be
placed on guard. Let me quote here the
language of the firs. president of the
United States tile farter tJ our country
"I shall not, while I hav e honor to
administer the government, bring a man
into any office of consequence, knowing
ly, whose political tenets are adverse to
the measures which the general govern
ment are pursuing; for this, in my opin
ion, would be a sort of political suicide."
Washington to 1'Kkermg. secretary oi
War, September 27. 1795, Volume II ol
Stark's edition of Washington's writings,
74. .. '
These words of Washington need no
commentary. They are multnm inp&rvo.
Y ifth. We are opposed to fusion in all
ts modes and tenses, at least we should
The word fusion is derived from the
Latin word lundere, "to melt, found, caB(
make liquid, to make by founding oi
casting." To fuse has the same mean
ng in English that fundere has in Latin.
This term is used to express the process
by which two or more metals of a totally
different nature are melted and run to
gether to make a compound differing
from each of its ingredients. As when
copper, tin and zinc are mixed to make
bronze. Metaphorically it is used to ex
press the union of two political parties,
possessing no bond of sympathy in prin
ciple, for expediency only. When men of
several old parties unite to form a new
party, laying as its corner-stone, some
vital principle common to all, this is not
fusion. On the 17th day of June, I Boo,
a convention of delegates met at Phila
delphia, under a called addressed to the
people of the United States, without re
gard to political divisions; and, then and
there, nominated John Charles Fremont
for president. At the same time that
portion of the American party oppose
to the repeal of Missouri Lompromis
met in New York, and also nominated
Colonel Fremont for president. There
was no fusion. It was a union of men
pposed to the extension of slavery.
This was natural blending and not
mechanical fusion. The writer has often
illustrated fusion by comparing it to the
NO. 49
Who Shall Possess The Wealth? Who
Shall Administer It
No One Mutt Be Impoverished to Make
' Wealth For Others Large Indi
vidual Wealth Enslaves
The Masses
Society Prodnoee and Should Possess
the Wealth
The following lecture by Prof. Oeorg D. Han
rnn I one of a eerlee of four reported from sten
ograph Ic notei taken down In thecliua room for
Tb Wialtb Makers. They are Informal leeS
nrea delivered extempore. Two preceding lect
ors were on Wealth and Co-operation,
I speak of this subject in its relations
to society. The economic problem of
wealth, what wealth is in its various ele
ments and phases, is not that which falls
within my province. No two economists
agree as to just what we shall define by
the term wealth. Yet after we study the
various definitions we find they come to
mean not merely economic goods, but
economlo abundance. The term wealth
in the popular mind has come to be ap
plied to that which is over and above the
actual need of the moment. There has
always been an over-lapping of the terms
wealth, riches, capital. Now wealth in
itself is not an evil. Nothing -is evil in
itself. Wealth is wholly necessary in the
development of civilization, There can
be no civilization without it. It is only
by the acquirement of wealth that wears
able to build civilization at all. The
question is, who shall possess the wealth -or
who shall administer it, whether it
shall be social, or individualistic in its
nature. The necessity of wealth is ac
knowledged. Nobody who has reason
at all denies the necessity of wealth, It
is the providence of God' made material
and manifest in the provision of man.
But wealth bas been considered very
largely from the individualistic stand
point. Now the conflict is whether we
shall consider it from the 'social or from
the individualistic standpoint. I have
no desire to abolish wealth, nor do I
have any Idea that wealth in itself is evil,
but that wealth shall first of all be real
and not fictitious and be administered
for the social good instead of by the most
cunning, the strongest, the speculator.
Wealth must be real. One of our diffi
culties is that so much that wecall wealth
is, as a matter of fact, not wealth. Take
for instance the postal system. It does
not figure as being wealth, yet it is the
most carefully conducted business in ths
world. If it were a private property It
would be much more expensive. It would
require a vast troop of lawyers to !ke
after it and great armies of lobbyists to
be maintained, whereas, as far as society
is concerned, it is more wealth tothepeo
than if it figured as wealth. When rail
ways figure as wealth one year and the
uextyear the wealth has disappeared:
when stocks are increased to ten times
their actual value, the result is that the
wealth is proved fictitious. That is the
difficulty of the relation of society to the
wealth of the present time. We think we
are the wealthiest nation in the world
but as a matter of fact we are not.
Really, the state of iffairs in Omaha and
Minneapolis, is poverty. Take for in
stance the great tract between Minneap
oiis ana . raui. it cannot be given
away. It is not marketable. It is not
worth the taxes upon it. Our wealth has
been speculative wealth. Our speculative
wealth has been increasing and society as
a whole has been getting poorer.
.in these tilings Have raised the Ques
tion as to whether wealth is social or in
dividual in its nature. The question is.
is it good for society that the individual
have large wealth? Take the case of the
Standard Oil combination. Laying aside
the question as to the method of their ac
quiring their large wealth. Suppose it
had been acquired by virtuous methods.
The question is still to be asked is itgood 4
or society f- We exanunetheactual facts
of the case and we find it is not good for
society. The social wealth of society is
iecreasing. Society is irrowintr poorer.
ThrouKh the increaBed weaith of this
combination whole villages, even cities.
the whole industrial wealth of Pennsyl
vania, bas been changed. The mere fact
that people may get their oil a little .
cheaper does not counterbalance this
social poverty. The firms that have
grown up have risen through the de
struction of a vast deal of production.
A vast army of men have been thrown
out of employment. The result is that
this wealth is really the poverty of so
ciety. I am not condemning the men but
the system. These men may stand high
er than many men whom I might point
out as saintly men. But the system by
which men are impoverished to make
(Continued on 4th page.)
(Continued on Srd pag.)
(Continued on Srd page.)
;' -it