Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 7, 1895)
tandCurr hut BM of h lndepif
d nt Loagaa
llr. Eililor: In my former article I
took exception to the formation by tho
Cn favor of true reform of such organ iza
Vion as the "Iridependfiit League," as
urged by the provisional officers of said
M ... . .1 J
society. My opposition was not iounuu
on the avowed final objects of ths society
- ' l. a. T 1- i. : 1 T .loim
r . U I t n VITV IIHNIH k HI m ir I ID
as, ll estabiisnea, wouia renaer iu ur
dared objects of thesociety unattainable.
The only condition of membership is
signing the following pledge.
"I, the undersigned, a qualified elector
of the state of do hereby subscribe
myself a member of the National Inde
pendent League, and promise, and pledge
myself to the membership thereof, and to
the National Provisional Committee of
said League, that I will neither support
nor vote for any candidate for congress
who will not pledge himself in writing to
-the committee of said League that it
elected to congress, he will faithfully sup
port and actively aid in the enactment
of the Land Currency Bill which has been
endorsed and recommended by the Na
tional Provisional Committee of said
And the same pledge is made to apply
to congressmen at large and to members
of the state legislature.
Let us then briefly examine the provi
sions of this bill for if they are weak, or
vicious the League must partake of the
tame character and tendency.
Section 1, of the bill provides that any
person having possession and ownership
in fee simple of any improved real estate
by a clear, obvious, and perfect title and
who is competent to convey the same
shall, upon the conditions hereinafter
prescribed, be entitled to receive from the
United States treasury an issue of Na
tional Currency, &e.
Section 4, provides tnat said issue snail
not exceed the assessed value of the land.
Let us see who this arrangement would
benefit. Sections 1 and 3 make it clear
that those, and those only, who have an
unincumbered and clearly recorded title
, to land can recpive any of such issue of
currency, and that such issue shall be
made on demand to any one on all the
land thus held, provided it is improved.
An Irish lord by the name of Scully is
said to own in the United States 1,000.
000 acres of land, a large part of which
Other aliens are said to own sufficient
to make up the aggregate alien owner
ship to over 20,000,000 acres. Now,
assuming that this land is assessed at an
average of five dollars per acre, (and this
is a low estimate for much of the land is
valued at $100.00 per acre), and thin bill
would authorize this issue of $100,000,
000 of said currency to aliens.
Again, in one of the eastern counties of
this state which I visited recently I was
(informed on good authority that a
National banker residing at the county
seat owned 100 improved farms in the
county. Assuming the farms to average
160 acres each and to be assessed at
$8.00 per acre, (which estimates I think
"would below), and Banker Jones would
twbe entitled to $128,000.00 on complying
T with the conditions of the bill. This
would doubtless more than double his
banking capital, while not one of his
hundred renters who work his land would
be directly benefited by the bill.
Assuming that one thousand bankers
in the United States are as well fixed as
Banker Jones, they would be entitled,
under the terms of the bill, to an issue of
$180,000,000 while their one hundred
thousand renters would be entitled to
Again, land that is heavily mortgaged
cannot be said to be held by a clear
title, and all those practical farmers
whose farms are mortgaged would be un
able to comply with the conditions and
could receive none of the money. It is
safe to estimate that nine-tenths of the
the money which could be obtained un
der such a law could and would be taken
by capitalists and money loaners, while
three-fourths of the people could obtain
no money under its provisions.
Another result would be that, as under
the requirements of section 6, defaults in
,V and interest payment rendered the prop-
erty liable to foreclosure, poor working-
men would be continually losing their
lands. The rich would be in danger of
no such results, and thus it would only
the more rapidly concentrate the owner
ship of land in the hands of the few. And
further, as men of moderate means could
not borrow more than they would actu
ally need and three-fourths of the people
do not own any unincumbered real estate
it would make all that class depend on
the bankers ond loan companies for all
the money they need to borrow, as at
present is the case.
Again, by section '& the management
the currency is put into the hands ot
one commissioner lor eacn county to oe
appointed by the president, thus putting
the control oi the nnanciai system oi trie
country entirely out of the hands of the
d There are other objectionable features
in the bill, but enough have been shown
u. to prove on how meager a foundation of
reform it is proposed to build up a great
national organization, and thus further
divide the people and renderthem power
less to concentrate their efforts to obtain
the enactment of such laws and the es
tablishment of such systems as shall pro
tect the people in the control of the pro
ducts of their industry and shall ensure
to all the people equal r ights before the
law. J. H. Powers.
An Open Letter to John M. Thurston
Verdon, Neb., Jan. 25, 1894.
Dear John: My only excuse for ad
dressing you is your very able speech
w. made before the Nebraska legislature
v after yourelection to the honorable posi
tion of United States senator. You speak
eloquently and pathetically about the
toilers. You say you think this nation
owes a great debt to the toilers of the
land, those whom you term the wealth
producers; but in spite of me I cannot
get it out of my mind that there is a
very large class of toilers who till the soil
whom you did not havein mind whenyou
were speaking. If so, and we (a nation)
kowe them a debt, is it not about time we
Iwero paying it?
Do you know that while the per capita
wealth of the nation a little more than
doubled from 1860 to 1890 (it increased
from 114 fo tl,o:M), tht agricultural
wealth did not im-rnae one dollar per
capita in all that time. Hers are the
figures as taken from the cpiieu:
la IHiiO our agricultural wealth in
cluding farms, stock and implements was
$7,9Hll.49.'l,03; the number of people
81,443,321. In 18!0 the same items
were worth $15,982,2C7,689; the nunv'
ber of inhabitants was P2,G22,250f
wealth per capita in 18(50 $254.70; ir
1890 $255 20. So there was an increase
of bat 50 cents. !
Again, in 1890 the value of all farm
products raised on all the farms in the
United States was $2,460,107,454.
What I want to call attention to is that
when we get the table of occupations
complete you wfll find it took about 9,
000,000 people over the age oi i to prj
The expense of the government is about
$500,000,000 per annum, or one-flith of
the value of all the farm products raised
in the year 1889; or, it takes all the pro
ducts of 1,800,000 people to run this
government. Is not this a little steep,
especially when we remember that it
takes as much more to run the states,
There is another idea that it would b.
well to examine. In 1870 the value o
farm products (after reducing to gold
basis) was over $50 per capita. In 1 890
after twenty years of high tariff to build
up a home market they were less than
$40, or there was a decrease in the valuo
of farm products of fully $1 1 for every
man, woman and child in the U. S.
One idea more and I am done for this
time. You speak very highly of the Mo
Kinley tariff. The last national Republi
can platform declares for a tariff equal
to the difference in wages here and in
competing countries. Why. is not thin
right, and if it is, why not create a com
petent commission to ascertain the differ
ence and make that the la w? '
Although I am a genuine "calamity
howler" (with a pedigree way back), 1
assure you that if you do as well as we
might be led to expect from your speech
you will have no more loyal constituent
than myself. I am at present very truly
your friend and well wisher.
"Please Publish These Facts"
Franklin, Neb., Jan. 20, 1895.
Editor Wealth Makers:
I write to you in behalf of the poor here
in this county. There are hundreds of
poor people here who did not raise a
handful of anything to eat or feed, and
they have been waiting on the action of
a lot of proud-spirited supervisors.
There is but little store credit allowed,
and that is for the favored few. It makes
matters serious to think of feed and seed
to buy and groceries and clothing to get,
with not a dollar in sight and but little
of anything to obtain credit, to borrow
with. What are we to do? still wait on
a trifling lot of supervisors to ask aid for
I say this is a down right shame. Here
they have relief committees to solicit aid
and the committees just as well hunt for
a needle in a large straw stack, as to
hunt aid whpre it hasn't tbeen raised, or
Some resource to draw from. The poor
are heartily disgusted to hear of the help
coming from our native homes in the
east and stopping at Lincoln and Omaha
where the people have been blessed witt
our upper tens here seem to think they
are holding the credit of the county
above par by holding out the aid. Our
town supervisor is a loaning agent and ii
now reaping his harvest while holding
out the aid supplies. Can you do some
thina for the people here who are strand
ed on starving limits? If so it would be
cladlv received by hundreds who are
stealing wood to burn to get through the
To illustrate what is done in here, I
will say, John Shunamon was appointed
chairman of the county for relief, and
James Dimmick told him in my presence
to order a car of provisions for the poor,
and what did he do? He ordered 1,000
pounds of flour, 500 pounds of meat, 300
pounds of beans. A team can pull twice
that amount on one wagon, and yet one
car would hardly give temporary relief.
Such men with a heart so small dole it
out like they had to give it all direct from
their own labor. But his order was not
filled from some cause. Now if you can
get relief for the people and have it sent
to me or J. T. Uodsey, beorge liucK,
Sam Sutton, or some trust-worthy far
mer who will see that it is properly divi
ded. Do what you can in this matter.
A Farmers' Trust Motion
Editor Wealth Makers:
Will you be so kind as to publish these
I move that G. E. Bentley of Beatrice,
Neb., be made chairman of the State
Board of Farmers' Commerce, and that
Mr. J. E. Spencer be made secretary of
the State Board, and that Hr.Li. liongn
ner be made treasurer of said Board.
This, the State Board, to have full power
to recommend prices to the county
The next ereat wave over this country
is the Farmers' Trust. We must fight
our enemies with the same kind of a
weapon they use on us. D.
The Idiocies of Arrested Develop
ment Editor Wealth Makers:
While meandering around among the
people, we frequently hear this statement
"I am a born Democrat," or "a born
Republican," ad infinitum.
When one is born they know nothing,
and all one has to do to be in good
standing in the twin parties is to con
tinue to know nothing. I pity the honest
rank and file of the golden party. They
are helpless and speechless when the
Omaha platform is presented. If I stood
on a platform that I could not "sass
back" from I would crawl off, onto one
that I could. I have no inclination to
throw dirt at the twins. It is not neces
sary, tbey are now covered witb garbage
and they did it themselves. The grand
old parties have sold themselves to the
devil for naught. A. B. Flack.
If onr advertisers do not treat yon
right let us know. We want no "fakes"
in The Wealth Makers. Isn't there
something in our "Three Cent Column"
that will profit you?
Mating of ll'form tUlltora
The notic for the meeting of the He
form Press Association at Kansas City,
Mo., Feb. 22, 1895, has already been
published. The headquarters will be at
theCentropolis hotel, Fifth and Grand
Avenue, where reduced rates have been
As the meeting will be one ot unusual
interest it is urged that all editors and
publishers of Populist papers be present.
The following is a partial program for
How can we pet reliable telepraph news
independent of the monopoly plutocratic
press association? Paper by Hon. H. E.
Shall we have a National Reform Press
bureau in Washington? Discussion.
The power of the press for good or
evil. Paper by Hon. J. H. McDowell.
How unity of action with the reform
press may best be secured in advocating
and defendingour platform of principles?
Paper by Gen. J. B. Weaver.
How to increase circulation and sus
tain our reform papers? Paper by Paul
How to secure advertising in reform
papers? Paper by H. A. Heath.
The reform press its possibilities.
Paper by Prof. C. Vincent.
Illustrations and cartoons. Hon. F.
The ideal country newspaper. Paper
by Hon. Lyman Naugle.
Special features of a newspaper. Henry
State press association. 0. F. Dorn
Paragraphing. L. A. Stockwell.
Ready prints and plates. W. S. Mor
gan. The Reform Press Association what
are we here for? Discussion.
Make-up of a newspaper. A. Rozelle.
After 12th of February address all
letters to W. S. Morgan, secretary-treasurer,
Centropolis hotel, Kansas City,
Mo. J. H. McDowell,
W. S. Morgan, President.
Meeting of Horticulturists
Hastings, Neb., Jan. 25, 1895.
The first session of the twenty-sixth
annual winter meeting of the Nebraska
State Horticultural Society was held in
room 15, Nebraska Hall, State Univer
sity. About 100 fruit growers and others
interested in the subject were present.
About 500 plates of apples were shown,
a choice collection of palms from W.J.
Ilesser, and the florists of Lincoln kept
up a choice display of cut flowers.
The Secretary, F. W. Taylor, has
adopted the policy of makingeach report
a substantial volume, telling as concise
ly as possible the best the society knows
of topics in hand.
The 1 894 report was devoted to the
apple. The 1895 report will be devoted
specially to the grape, plum and cherry,
and the papers were chosen with refer
The first paper of the series was pre
sented by Prof. Charles Bessey, on the
"Botany of the Grape." In this Profes
sor Bessey noted the thirty to forty
species of the grape in the world, of which
North America had one-half. The River
side, growing over the northwest and
common in Nebraska, is the most valu
able. The roots are practically pro-of
against the Phylloxera, which works on
roots of grapes of European origin.
Professor Bessey gave a table showing
the origin of the most common varieties.
Professor Bruner followed with a valu
able paper on the insects which prey on
grapes and the remedies therefor.
Both papers are very valuable and
should be in the hands of each planter.
G. A. Marshall of Arlington explained
the different methods of propagating
grapes by cuttings and from layers. Fa
vored use of three-bud cuttings.
Prof. F. W. Card, head of horticultural
work in the university on the college
farm, presented a very carefully prepared
and interesting pa per on "Vineyard Man
agement," pruning and the different
methods of training. Favored sub-soiling,
planting ten inches deep, and favored
winter protection for Nebraska.
J. W.Walker of Crete presented a paper
on "Packing and Marketing Grapes."
The principle points were careful hand
ling, grading in three grades, and being
careful to hold trade with fruit fully ripe
and in fine condition. For commercial
purposes Moore's Early Worden and
Concord were commended, the first bring
ing the highest price, but not yielding so
Wednesday morning President Ste
phens gave the annual address, review
ing briefly the past year in its effects up
on horticulture, showing that fruit rais
ing had not suffered so severely as other
branches of farming, and urging buI
soilinur and frequent surface culture.
At 11 a. m. the annual election of of
ficers resulted us follows:
President, E. F. Stephens, Crete; First
Vice President, G. A. Marshall, Arling
ton; Second Vice President, D. 0. Mosher,
Lincoln; Secretary, D. U. Reed, Blue
Springs; Treasurer, Peter Young, jr.,
Geneva; Directors, J. L. Russell, Wy
more; G. A. Slay ton, Salem; E.C.Erfling,
Wednesday afternoon was devoted to
the Plum, with papers on varieties of
plums for profit by E. T. Hartley of Lin
coln, who had, in 1894, secured $150 an
acre; "Propagation of the Plum," by A.
J. Brown, Geneva. Other papers were
presented by well known fruit growers
Thursday forenoon was devoted to the
cherry, with papers on best market sorts
by P. Young, naming Dye House, Early
Richmond, Montmorency, Ostheim, Eng
lish Morello and Wragg, ripening from
June 15th to August 1st.
Creamery Package Mn'fg Company,
DEPT. E, KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
We Carry the Largest
Engines and Boilers,
from 2 to 76 horse-power,
of any desired capacity.
Greenery Supplies, Etc
&fj Qf "f or every
I J KJEW ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE
m!xetj 1 snd Special quotations Free of charge
ajgTJagLg'S!" Holler. upon application "Eureka" Fee C her
Wben Writing to tins Advertiser, floats sajr job saw toelr A4 u la this Paper. '
THE BANE OF HUMAN LIFE,
Driven Out ot the System by
the Use of
. "For five years, I was a great
sufferer from a most persistent
blood disease, none of the various
medicines I took being of any
help whatever. Hoping that
change of climate would oenetit
me, I went to Cuba, to Florida,
and then to Saratoga Springs,
where I remained Rome time
drinking the waters. But all was
no use. At last, being advised
by several friends to try Ayer's
Sarsaparilla, I began taking it,
and very soon favorable results
were manifest. To-day I con
sider myself a perfectly healthy
man, with a good appetite and
not the least trace ot my former
complaint. To all my friends,
and especially young men like
myself, I recommend Ayer's Sar
sanarilla, if in need of a perfectly
reliable blood-purilier.' Jose
A. Escon.xn, proprietor Hotel
'Victoria. Key West, Fla.; resi
I deuce, 302 W. 10th St., New York.
' Ayer's :.y Sarsaparilla
Admitted tor Exhibition o
AT THE WORLD'S FAIR SI
In experience with varieties from a
commercial standpoint the 1'resuient
had found Early Richmond and English
Morello most prontanle. The bnri.v
Richmond planted in 1875 had yielded
as much as three and one-half bushels on
a single tree in 1884, and in 1894 yet
had 100 quarts on single trees.
All agreed that the cherry should be
frequently replanted, as it seldom con
tinues vigorous and productive more
thau fifteen to eighteen years.
Thursday afternoon was given to scale
of points for judging fruit, revision of
premium lists, and the discussion and re
vision of the list of recommended varie
ties for planting.
The report will be out in Aprifand may
be had by sending 15 cents to cover post
age and packing to Prof. F. W. Taylor,
Lincoln, Nebraska. Those interested
should cut this out, and, at the proper
time, forward postage and ask foracopy.
E. F. Stephens.
WAR IN COLOMBIA.
Revolution In Progress In That South
American l epoblio.
Colon, Colombia, Jan. 30. A revo
iution ha broken out in the depart
ments of Cauca, Bolivar, Magdalena
and Antioqua. -
The inhabitants are depending upon
American protection. The United
States cruiser Atlanta is coaling here
and the United States cruiser New
York is expected.
AGAINST SUNDAY BASEBALL.
Missouri House 1 ae a Bill Making It
a Misdemeanor on tbe Sabbath.
Jefferson City, Mo., Jan., 30.
When the house committee on crimin
al jurisprudence presented to-day ma
jority and minority reports on the
bill to make Sunday base ball a mis
demeanor punishable by a fine of 850,
it precipitated a debate that was as,
long drawn out as the morning hour.
The majority report was against the
bill, while the minority recommended
its passage. On tbe roll call the
minority report was adopted. Eighty
nine voted tor it
, A Meeting; of New York Bankers.
New York, Jan. 2 8. The clearing
honse committee met last night and
discussed the recent withdrawals of
gold from the United States subtreas
ury. The opinion was general that
the government should at once issue
bonds. That the subtreasury is for
tifying itself against all demands
for gold was shown by the big ex
press wagons that are unloading
their precious freight at the vault
doors of Uncle Samuel daily. As
sistant Treasurer Jordan, however,
says there-is no significance to be at
tached to these movements.
Small Howard for Express Bobbers.
St. Louis, Ma, Jan. 28. The
authorities of the Cotton Belt railway
and the Pacific Express company have
offered jointly a reward of $400 for
the capture of the robbers who held
up and robbed an express car on that
road in Arkansas Wednesday night.
Wheat Below Fifty Cents.
CniCAGo, Jan. 28. The cash price of
wheat in Chicago dropped under fifty
cents to-day and the May price got
below fifty-three cents.
Headache biU Get Dr. Miles' Pain Ptlla.
Stock in the Wert of
GET A HOME IN LINCOLN!
A CHOICE RESIDENCE three miles from postofflce for sale. It is Just outildi
the city limit of Lincoln, iu the shadow pf two colleges, between them and
the city: two blocks from street car line, and in splendid neighborhood which
enjoys all the luxuries of a city without its tax, noise and dust 1 1 is a good gar
den farm, new bouse, barn, windmill, best well of water, with water connections in
bath room and kitchen. A complete system of irrigation. Fifty cherry twenty,
five apple and other fruit trees, also 10,000 strawberry plants, planted In 1884
enough native firewood for cooking stove. Here is the prettiest and most valuable
holding in real estate about the Capitol. If yon desire to invest where large re
turns cannot fail to come your way, investigate this offer.
The colleges afford an excellent market for garden, poultry or dairy products.
The owner wants to sell and change occupation. No mortgages. II too want this
J. II. DOBSOir,
110 XI St, Lincoln, Kck.
I. S. This tract consists of ten acres.
J. W. Caere. Pits. 1. P. Boras, Tlca-Pree.
u. i usee,
The Farmers' Mntoal Ipsiirance CJompany of Nebraska.
The Largest, Beat and Cheapest Farm Mutual Insurance Company
in ths Stats.
14.000,000 X. on hand.
Insurance f p(S ft ) Thirtytwo
Now in " g5 LoM" "
Effect... r Pa'd
Losses Paid If ore Promptly than Any Old Line Company Dolns; Bnslnesw. Insures against rife
and LlRhtntnfr. Wind and Tornado, at One Per Cent. Bae ran Three yeare without any
Assessment. Farnlsbee Insnranee to the Farmers at Aetna! Coat. All Losses
U . M I- Vail mnA n rf.Kta at.-illn- .mI.U th tflAmitmnv.
Home Office: 245 So. 11th St ,
ii , " y 5
oe o o
NEBRASKA MUTUAL FIRE, LIGHTNING CYCLONE INBURANCB OOhtPAWT. Over
half million Insured. Have paid over 1600.00 in losses. Have had bat one Mseiment,
10c per 1100.00. J. Y. M. Swioabt. Secretary. Lincoln, Neb. 0T Agent wanted.
Irrigated Farm Lands
FERTttE SAN LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO.
T THE BAN LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO, is a stretch of level plain about
as large as the State of Connecticut, lying between surrounding ranges
of lofty mountains and watered by the Rio Grande River and a score or
more of small tributary streams. It was tbe bottom of a great sea, wbose da
posits have made a fertile soil on an average more than ten feet deep. The
mountains are covered with great deposits of snow, which melt and furnish
the irrigating canals with water for the farmers' crops. '
The Climate is Unrivaled.
Almost perpetual sunshine, and the elevation of about 7,000 feet dispels all
malaria, nor are such pests as chinch bugs, weevil, etc., found there. FLOwnie
artesian wells are secured at a depth, on an average, of about 100 feet, and at
a cost of about f 25.00 each. Such is the flow that they are being utilized for
irrigating the yards, garden and vegetable crops. The pressure is sufficient to
carry the water, which is pure, all through the farmers' dwellings.
Already several thousand miles of large and small Irrigating canals have been
built and several hundred thousand acres of lands made available for farming
operations. Irrigation is an insurance against failure of crops, because suc
cess is a question only of the proper application of water to them. The loss of
a single corn or wheat crop in Nebraska, for instance, would more than equal
the cost of irrigating canals to cover the entire state, so important is the cer
tainty of a full crop return to any agricultural state. Tbe San Luis Yalley
Spring wheat oats, barley, peas, hops, beans,
potatoes, vegetables and all kinds of small fruits
and many of the hardier varieties of apples,
pears and all kinds of cherries.
In the yield of all these products rr has hiykb been svbtame t ait othxb
SECTION ON THE CONTINENT.
Forty Acres Enough Land. .
Foktt acres is ENOUGH LAND for the farmer of ordinary means and help. Be
sides the certainty of return, the yield, under the conditions of proper irriga
tion, will average far more than the 160-aore farms in the Mississippi and
Missouri Valleys, and the outlay for machinery, farming stock, purchase
money, taxes, etc., are proportionately less. There are a hundred thousand
acres of such lands located in the very heart of the San Luis Valley, all within
six miles of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, convenient markets and
shipping stations, for sale at $15.00 per acre. Most of these lands are fenced
and have been nnder cultivation and in many instances have wells and some
bnildings, everything ready to proceed at once to begin farming. A biiall
cash payment only is required where the purchaser immediately occupies the
premises, and long time at seven per cent, interest is granted for the deferred
A Specially Low Homeseekers Rate
will be made you, your family and friends. Should yon settle on these lands
the amount yon paid lor railroad fare will be credited to you on your pay
ments; and bemembeb the land is perfectly and thoroughly ibbioated, and
the land and pebpetuel wateb rights are sold you for less than other sec
tions ask for simply the water rights without the land. No bettbb lands
exist anywhere on eabth. For further particulars, prices of laad, railroad
fare, and all other information call on or address,
F1. I-j. MIRTT,
(Mention this paper.) Manager Colorado Land i Immigrant Co.,
BS0WHELL BL00 LTJOOUr, 3TEB-
We want yon to notice erery new "ad"
In our columns. They are put there es
pecially for your benefit.
A careful record of an orchard in Fill,
more county, planted in 1874, shows
that the 40 trees ot Ren Davis have, n
to date, yielded 2180 bushels, worth
more than Twelve Hundred Dollrrs the
product of one-half acre. Trees were
furnished by Crete Nurseries."
a. QuaiAMTiB, Trass.
in 1894 . .
Hai bo 9quftl ftr
iMranfth or rim
htdal and Dip
loma at Workf.
B. B. WTNOBB.
That laiae Baea can ne eeweet wltk
Or. Miles' KHYE PLASTER. Only 8Sc
W. B. Lines, Bee'j.
rV i n
11 1 v s
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