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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 17, 1895)
January 17, 1895.
THE WEALTH MAKERS
' UNITED STATES,
By Thomas E. HilL
This is a large octavo book of 450 pages, condensed by tabulation
into a small book that it may be universally sold and circulated at a
Its purpose is to clearly present, in a manner entirely non-partisan,
the merit attaching to each party. No partiality is shown in behalf
of any political organization. Like the dictionary, it simply defines.
It gives the best-known argument in favor of each, and leaves the
reader free to choose which be will serve.
It treats upon the important live issues a! the time, and is an indis
pensable work to people who would intelligently discuss the political
situation. It is a very exhaustive compendium of Political Facts,
and literally answers thousands of questions. To illustrate:
What are Democratic principles!
What does a single tax advocate propose
If all tax was placed on land, what would
be the tax on the farm!
What would be the tax on suburban prop
erty, and how much on the acre worth two
million dollars in the center of the city!
What does a Republican beUevef
Why be a Republican and favor high pro
tective tariff! -
What ore J arguments for and against
What do UsVe(alUte want "
What wouM be toec-j'"otu,tf Bxirl
What do the Populist desire!
If government owned and operated the
banks, and banks never failed, and people
never bid their money and all money came
out and Into active circulation, and money
was so abundant that interest became low,
and all enterprise started up and everybody
bad employment, what then!
What do the Nationalists want!
Why nationalize the railroads, the coal
mines and various Industries!
What do the eight-hour advocates pro
pone! If working certain hours yields cer
tain pront, how could working less hours
yield more profit!
How could women be benefited by voting!
What started the financial panio of 1883!
Who commenced the trade agalnat sliver,
that resulted in the repeal of the Sherman
Who started the stampede on the banks In
1893, by which 714 of them failed In eight
months, and four hundred million dollars
Bound in fine morocco, stamped in gold, convenient and durable .
for editors, public speakers and others who wish to use it constantly
as a work of reference. $i.oo
Bound in substantialelegant cloth 75
Bound in paper cover. . . 25
SENT POSTPAID ON RECEIPT OF PRICE,
Asi tlio to tale it tin offles of this PuMIettion.
PEOPLK e PLATFORM.
Adopted by the Convention at Om
aha Nebraska, July 4, 1892.
Assembled upon the one hundred and
sixteenth anniversary of the Declaration
of Independence, the People's Party of
America, in their first national conven
tion, invoking upon their action the
blessings of Almighty God, puts forth in
the name, and on behalf of the people of
the country, the following preamble and
declaration of principles:
The conditions which surround as best
justify our co-operation; we meet in the
midst of a nation brought to the verge
of moral, political and material ruin.
Corruption dominates the ballot box,
the legislatures, the Congress, and
touches even the ermine of the
bench. The people are demoralized;
most of the states have been compelled
to isolate the voters at the polling places
to prevent universal intimidation or
brjbury. The newspapers are largely
subsidized or muzzled; public opinion
silenced; business prostrated; our homes
covered with mortgages; labor impover
ished; and the land concentrating in the
hands of the capitalists. The urban
workmen are denied the right of organi
sation for self-protection; imported pau
perized labor beats down their wages; a
hireling army, unrecognized by our law,
is established to shoot them down; and
they are rapidly degenerating into Euro
pean conditions. The fruits of the toil of
millions are boldly stolen to build np
colossal fortunes for a few, unprecedented
in the history of mankind, and the pos
sessors of these in turn despise the re
public and endanger liberty. From the
same prolific womb of governmental in
justice we breed the two great classes
tramps and millionaires.
. The national power to create money
is appropriated to enrich bondholders; a
vast public debt, payable in legal tender
currency, has been funded into gold-bearing
bonds, thereby adding millions to
the burdens of the people.
Silver, which has been accepted as coin
since the dawn of history, has been de
monetized to add to the purchasing pow
er of gold, by decreasing the value of all
forms of property, as well as human la
bor, and the supply of currency is pur
posely abridged to fatten usurers, bank
rupt enterprise, and enslave industry. A
vast conspiracy against mankind has
been organised on two continents, and
it is rapidly taking possession of the
world. If not met and overthrown at
nee it forebodes terrible social convul
sions, the destruction of civilization, or
the establishment of an absolute despot
ism. We have witnessed for more than
quarter of a century the struggles of
the two great political parties for power
and plunder, while grievous wrongs have
been inflicted upon the suffering people.
We charge that the controlling iufluence
dominating both these parties have per
mitted the existing dreadful conditions
to develop, without serious effort to
prevent or restrain them.
Neither do they now promise us any
substantial reform. They have agreed
together to ignore, in the coming cam
paign, every issue but one. They pro-
pose to arown tne outcries 01 a plundered
people with the uproar of a sham battle
over the tariff; so that capitalists, corpo
rations, national banks, rings, trusts,
Watered stock, the demonetization of sil
Ter, and the oppressions of the usurers
may ail be lost sight of. They propose
to sacrifice our homes, lives tnd children
on the altar of Mammon; to destroy the
multitude in order to secire corruption
funds from the millionaires. Assembled
on the anniversary of the birthday of
the nation, and tilled with the spirit of
the grand generation of men, who estab
lished our independence, we seek to re
store the government of the Republio to
the hands of "the plain people," with
whose class it originated. Weassert our
purposes to be identical with the purpose
of the national constitution: "to forma
more perfect union, establish justice, in
sure domestic tranquility, provide for the
common defense, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty
ourselves and our posterity."
We declare that this republic can only
endure as a free government while built
upon the love of the whole people for each
other and for the nation; that it cannot
be pinned together by bayonets, that the
HISTORY OF THE
were drawn oat of the banks and hidden
within a period ol ninety da) si
Who was President of the United States in
Who hare been the orcupantsof the presi
dential chair since 18781 .
Who hare been me li bera of the Cabinet
during erery pi-feiUentlal ailuiinktialionl
How many Democi ats, Republicans, and
members of other I arties have we had In
each and erery Congruent
How many lawyers in each ConCTCFKl
Whence originated the nam of "Broliier
Jonathan, "Uncle Sam," "Loco-oco,"
"Silver Greys," etc., etc. I
What were the issues Involved In the
Missouri Compromise, the Monroe Doctrine,
the Dred Scott Decision, Fugitive Slave
What of the MosrarMi-al record of the
great leaders In our early hlitory Including
Washington, Patrick Henry, Hamilton,
Webster, Franklin, Clay , Calhoun, Jefferson
What has thrown so many people Into
idleness of late years!
Why so many tramps!
What la ihe history of the Coxey move
ment! When did the coal miners' strike begin
and what was the extent of that movement!
What are the facts abent the Pullman
strike, the American Railway Union and
the boycott of the Pullman cans!
What ase the remedies proposed wher by '
capital and labor may each have Justice!
See "Hill's Political History or tin United
civil war is over and that every passion
and resentment which grew out of it must
die with it; and that we must be in fact,
as we are in name, one united brother
hood. Our country finds itself confront
ed by conditions for which there is no
Srecedent in the history of. the world,
ur annual agricultural productions
mount to billions of dollars in value,
which must within a few weeks or months
be exchanged for billions of dollars of
commodities consumed in their produc
tion; the existing currency supply is
wholly inadequate to make thisexchange.
The results are falling prices, the forma
tion of combines and rings, and the im
poverishment of the producing class. We
pledge ourselves that if given power we
will labor to correct these evils by wis
and reasonable legislation, In accordance
with the terms of our platform.
We believe that the powers of govern
mentin other words, of the people
should be expanded (as in the case of the
postal service) as rapidly and as far as
the good sense of an intelligent people,
and the teachings of experience, shall
jnstify; to the end that oppression, in
justice and poverty shall eventually cease
in the land.
While our sympathies as a party of re
form are naturally upon the side of every
proposition which will tend to make men
intelligent, virtuous and temperate, we
nevertheless regard these questions im
portant as they are as secondary to the
great issues now pressing for solution;
and upon which not only our individual
prosperity, but the very existence of free
institutions depends; and we ask all men
to first help us to determine whether we
are to have a republic to administer, be
fore we differ as to the conditions upon
which it is to be administered; believing
that the forces of reform this day organ
ized will never cease to move forward un
til every wrong is righted and equal pri
vileges established for ail the men and
women of this country.
We declare, therefore,
UNION OF THE PEOPLE.
First, That the union of the labor
forces of the United States this day con
summated, shall be permanent and per
petual; may its spirit en ter into all hearts
for the salvation of the republic and the
uplifting of mankind.
Second, Wealth belongs to him who
creates it; and every dollar taken from
industry, without an equivalent, is rob
bery. "If any man will not work neither
hall he eat." The interests of rural and
civic labor are the same; their enemies
Third. We believe that the time has
corns when the railroad corporatious
will either own the people or the people
must own the railroads; and should the
government enter upon the work of own
ing and managing the railroads, ws
should favor an amendment to the con
stitution by which all persons engaged
In the government service shall be pro
tected by civil service regulations of the
most rigid character, so as to prevent
the increase of the power of the national
administration by the use of such addi
tional gonernment employes.
We damand a national currency, safe,
sound and flexible; issued by the general
government only; a full legal tender for
11 debts public and private; and that
witnout tne use ot banmngcorporations;
a just equitable and efficient means of
distribution direct to the people, at a tax
not to exceed 2 per cent per annum, to
be provided as Bet forth in the sub-treasury
plan of the Farmers' Alliance, or
some better systetn; also by payments in
discharge of its obligations for public
We demand free and unlimited coinage
of silver and gold at the present legal
ration of 16 to 1.
We demand that the amount of cir
culating medium be speedily inereased to
not less than $50 per capita,
We demand a graduated income tax.
We believe that the money of the
country should be kept, as much as pos
sible, in the hands of the people; and
hence we demand that all state and na
tional revenues shall be limited to the
necessary expenses of the governmen t,
economically and honestly administered.
We demand that postal savings banks
beestablished by the government for the
safe deposit of ths earnings of the people
and the facilitation of exchange.
. Transportation being means of ex
change and public necensity; the gov
ernment should own and operate ths
railroads in the interest of the people.
Ths telegraph and telephone, like ths
postcifice system, being a neeensity, for
ths transinissionof news, should be owned
and operated by the government in the
interests of ths people.
Ths land, including all natural re
sources ot wealth, is the heritage of the
people, and should not be monopolised
tor speculative purposes; and alien owner
ship of land should be prohibited. All
land now held by railroads and other
corporations in excess of their actual
needs, and all lands now owned by
aliens, should be reclaimed by the gov
ernment and held for actual settlers
The following resolutions were offered
independent of the platform, and were
adopted, as expressive of the sentiments
of the convention:
Resolved, That ws demand a free ballot
and a fair count in all electious, and
pledge ourselves to secure to it every
legal voter without federal intervention,
through the adoption by the states of
the unperverted Australian secret ballot
Resolved, That the revenue derived from
graduated income tax should be appli
ed to the reduction ol the burden of taxa
tion now levied upon the domestic in
dustries of this couutry.
Resolved, That we pledge our support
to fair and liberal pensions o ex-Union
soldiers and sailors.
Resolved, Tha. we condemn the fallacy
of protecting American labor under the
present system, which opens our ports to
the pauper and criminal classes of the
world, and crowds out our wage-earners
and we denounce the present ineffective
law against contract labor, and demand
the further restriction of undesirable
Resolved, That we cordially sympa
thize with the efforts of organized work
ingmen to shorter the hours of labor and
demand a rigid enforcement of the exist
ing eight-hour law on government work,
and ask that a penalty clause be added to
Resolved, That we regard the main
tenance of a large standing army of
mercenaries, known as the Pinkerton
system, as a menace to our liberties, and
we demand its abolition, and we condemn
the recent invasion of the Territory of
Wyoming . by the hired assassins of
Plutocracy, assisted by Federal officers.
Resolved, That we commend to the
thoughtful consideration of the people
and the reform press, the-legislative sys
tem known as the Initiative and Referen
dum. Resolved, That we favor a constitu
tional provision limiting the office of a
president and vice president to one term,
and providing for ' the election of the
senators by a direct vote of the people.
Resolved, That we oppose any subsidy
or national aid to any private corpora
tion for any purpose.
H. E. Taubeneck, Chairman, Marshall,
J. H. Turner, Secretary, Georgia.
Lawrence McFarland, Secretary, New
M. C. Rankin, Treasurer, Terre Haute,
No Financial Action Taken.
Washington, Jan. 1 4. The meeting
of the senate finance committee to
day was devoted to a discussion of
the Vest and McPherson financial
bills which were presented yester
day. No action was taken and the
committee adjourned until Monday,
when it is expected that Mr. Jones
will present a third bill It was
stated the prospects of financial leg
islation had not been brightened ma
terially by the meeting. Senator
Jones was not present
Must i.ive fjp l'l Secret.
Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. 14. Judge
Stone of the common pleas court to
day ordered an attachment issued for
Attorney W. I. Shupe, who a few
days ago testified before the coroner
that he knew the murderer of General
Freight Agent Cavan of the Valley
railway, but declined to tell the
name of the party on the ground that
he was a client. The court decided
that Shupe must give the information
or be held for contempt.
Urag-nnyana Shot Down, -Buenos
Ayres, Jan. 14. A detach
ment of Brazilian troops whioh was
hotly pursuing a number of insurg
ents in the province of Rio Grande do
Sul crossed the Uuruguayan frontier.
A force of Uruguayan troops opposed
the advance of the Brazilians and the
two detachments opened fire on each
other with the result that one Uru
guayan officer and three Uruguayan
soldiers were killed.
If our advertisers do not treat you
right, let us know. We want no ''fakes''
b The Wealth Makers. Isn't there
something in our "Three Cent Column'
that will profit you?
Errors of Youth.
toons BeMllty, YoniMnl
Indiscretions. Lost Manhood.
BE YOUR OWN PHYSICIAN.
Mftnr men. from th effect! of youthful .morii-
denc, haw brought about a ftatfl of wekia
that has reduced the general lyitem to much aa to
induce almott every other diteaMt and the real
cautM of the trouble scarcely ever being auipected,
they are doctored for everything but the right one.
During our extensive college and hospital practice
we have discovered new and concentrated reme
dies. The accompanying prescription is offered
H ft CERTAIN AND BPKFUY ( I BR, hundreds of
cases having been restored t perfect health by Hi
use after all other remedies failed. Perfectly Dure
Ingredients must be used in the preparation or this
R Erythroxylon coca, drachm.
Jerubebin, 1 drachm.
Ileloniae Pioica, f drachm.
Getsemin, 8 grains.
Ext ignatisi amarsi (alcoholic), f grains.
Ext leptandra, S scruple.
Glycerine. q. s. Mix.
Make 90 pills. Telia 1 pill at ft p.m.. and another
on going to bed. This remedy ii adapted to every
weakness in either sex, and especially in those
cases resulting from Imprudence. The recuperative
powers of this restorative are estonishing. and Its
use continued fbrashorttimechangeethe languid,
debilitated, nerveless condition to oue of renewed
life and vigor. ...
To those who would prHer to obtain It of us. by
remitting fl, a seeled package enntaing 60 nil',
ran-i-.Uv- "yj-i-a.. "' M hv mall from
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NEW ENGLAND MEDICAL INSTITUTE, J
No.7Tremout Row, Boston, Mass
tcuv lmt)u 1 vti imup
AUU A .111..U. All IS AlUilAlJ
EXPERIMENTS WITH CLOVER
A3 A FERTILIZER.
Decomposing Without Fermentation
One Woman's Wy of Halting
poultry Bumble Foot
firm Notes, Etc.
I have been for a number of years
experimenting some on clover as a
fertilizer. I have at different .times
plowed down green clover, expecting
great results from it, but always was
disappointed in my expectations. The
plowing down of green clover in June
I think is a mistake, says a writer in
the Ohio Farmer. It is not the right
thing to da My soil is a light. Baud
very sensitive to manure, but the
turning under of green clover does
but little good. I And that in a short
time after, turning under it com
niences to heat, and . fermentation
takes place, and through the process
of fermentation all of the saccharine
substance in the clover is turned into
acid and thereby lost, and in some
soils the acids would become a dam
age. 1 finally concluded to try an ex
periment of putting the green clover
through the process of decomposition
without fermentation to such an ex.
tent as to destroy its saccharine pro
perties. I hud a sis-acre field.' the soil of
which was light sand, and in Its prim
itive stato was covered with whortle
berry brush and water. The native
fertility bad been about exhausted,
and there was but little to begin with.
But I got it Into clover with a fair
stand, but short. It would have cut
about three-fourths of a ton per acre.
I had been burning lime and had a
quantity of slacked lime and ashes,
which 1 put upon the clover at the
rate of about seventy bushels per acre.
The lime and ashes were about equal
in proportion, and were spread from
the wagon. I plowed it down, har
rowed it, and rolled it down with a
heavy roller. This was done in June.
In August I cross-plowed it and
could see very plainly where the
clover, lime and ashes were. I gave
it a thorough cultivation and sowed it
to wheat about the first of September.
The next harvest I had the biggest
crop of straw 1 ever saw grow out of
the groand. It was higher than an
ordinary man's head and stood thick
on the ground. The wheat went
thirty-eight bushels per acre, and of
a good quality. From previous ex
perience I am satisfied that if I had
plowed the clover, down without the
lime and ashes, I would not have got
more than ten or twelve bushels per
acre; or if I had put the lime and
ashes on without the clover. I would
not have got any more. The clover.
lime nnd ashes together were what
produced the crop. Lime is a neutral
izes It neutralizes the acids in the
decomposition of the clover, and the
soil absorbed all the fertilizing prop
erties in the clover and made a plant
food for the wheat.
From the above facts and reasons.
I think the plowing down of any green
crop corn, oats or bu; k wheat is of
but little use a a fertilizer unless
lime is used in their decomposition. I
have been experimenting in the way
of mowing down the clover in June
and covering it up with a heavy coat
of straw as soon as the wheat is
threshed, the success of which I will
Bam tie Foot.
Bumble foot in poultry is the same
thing as a stone bruise on a boy's
foot The fowl troubled with It has a
swelling on the bottom of the foot
which is very painful and finally
break and suppurates freely. Very
frequently it permanently cripples the
a i icted fowl unless it is carefully
treated. The probable cause of this
disease is from a bruise received from
jumping from some elevation and a
prolific cause is having the perches
too high. When the lameness that
precedes the visible swelling shows
itself the fowl should be watched and
as soon as the swelling becomes soft
it should be carefully opened wita a
very sharp knife and the fowl con
fined on a floor covered with soft litter
until the lameness disappears. The
lighter breeds are not subject to this
Forty of fifty years ago an attempt
was made to introduce the tea plant
into this country. Some were im
ported and planted in the upland
regions of North and South Carolina.
The trees or shrubs grew, and were
found hardy, but the enterprise never
paid, or rather cotton paid so much
better that it occupied all the atten
tion of th.3 planters. Now cotton is
under a cloud, and these old tea plan
tations are coming to the front again.
They yitjid a much better, stronger
tea than we can or do import from
China Apparently the Chinese keep
the best for themselves and send us
only the poorest We hope to hear
that this industry is growing until the
time comes when this country will be
independent of China and Japan for
its tea supply. American Cultivator.
My Experience lit ultr,y,
If you will allow me space, 1 will
give my experience in the poultry
Una I am a lover of chicken and I
think in my flock of sixty hens I
have all colors, from snow white to
jet black and all sizes. My hen house
is 14x16 feet with strips "on'lffe5uT"
side, which makes it perfectly tight
and warm in winter. I have egg all
winter. This is the way 1 manage:
Hrst I see to the cleanliness of all
surroundings by keeping all of tne
nests and walls whitened and nests
filled with fresh straw. I use straw
because it is the best thing I have
or) . fvr nna1, nn 11 mntr.lila
and five in a row.
I remove her first and make ner s
fresh nest, then I put ber eggs in and
let her go on at her will. I always
et her where she goes to setting as
any hen will set better if you do not
try to move her. The first thing I do
after she hatches is to remove her
nest and burn it This I do at in
tervals in the winter when I have no
hens setting. I clean the floor twice
a week of the droppings. After all
is cleaned I throw a bucket of
lacked lime on and sweep it around
evenly with my broom. The next
thing is their health. I watch
the droppings every morning for
signs of sickness, which is very easily
detected by experienoe. The white
part turns yellow in the first stage
and if allowed to continue will soon
be as green as grass. The first sign
is when I begin and I seldom have
any serious cases. My remedy is red
pepper and salsoda. I put one pint
of salsoda in two gallons of water and
don't let them have any other to
drink. I buy my red pepper at the
grocer's by the pound. 1 soak all of
my scraps of bread and other scraps
from the table, chopped One, over
night and thicken with corn meal,
with four tablespoons of pepper to the
gallon, and give it in the morning be
fore I turn them out I have tried
several remedies but this is the best
one I know. It is splendid for little
chickens, . a spoonful in their feed
twice a week. I never keep my hens
two years, as I think young hens lay
the best; old hens accumulate too
much fat to 'lay welL For winter
layers early pullets are the best
hatched the first of April I change
my cockerels every spring. Have four
with my sixty hens and my eggs hatch
splendid. My chickens have free
range. Journal of Agriculture.
Vlieop for Hilly (.round.
Wherever sheep are pastured they
require some elevation of ground on
which to feed and sleep. This is no
doubt a relic of times when sheep
were the prey of many wild animals,
and sought elevated places that they
might more easily discern their enemy
at a distance. On hillsides also the
grass Is sweeter ana richer than it is
on wetter lowlands. On the latter,
aside from the poorer quality of their
pasture, sheep are liable to contraot
diseases in their feet This often
loses to the sheep owner more than he
can gain from the abundant pasture
on low. wet land. By keeping on ele
vated places sheep drop their manure
where it enriches what is naturally
the poorest soil.
Good mangers for hay and straw
and boxes for grain.
The farmer is farthest from market
who has nothing to sell. -
Well rotted and fined manure pro
duces' the quickest results.
In planning the crop, consider the
market as well as the crop.
Learn as much as you can and im
prove on what you already know.
One advantage in cutting the bed'
ding is that the manure is easier to
Farming is one thing and farming
so as to make it pay a fair per cent ot
profit is another.
Cross breeding is the mixing up of
two well established breeds and is
It is poor economy to move to town
to give the boys a chance, unless you
want them to loaf.
One advantage with a diversity of
crops is that the farmer is more inde
pendent of the season.
Whenever you use a scrub sire you
are grading down, depreciating the
value of your own stock.
One advantage with the creamery
is that it puts the milk and butter
business on a cash basis.
For garden and orchard culture a
gentle horse and one that goes well is
almost indispensible in doing good
Clov er is a natural restorative, hence
it is a good plau to rotate in clover as
frequently as possible. 1Mb is one
the cheapest plans of building up.
There is really no best time to sell
unless it is when the stock is best
ready to market; waiting for the best
market is too much like speculating.
Green tea will revive rusty black
lace and render it as good as new.
While cleaning up bedrooms the
closet doors should be kept closed to
keep the dust out.
Tarnished gold embroidery may be
cleansed with a brush dipped in
burned and pulverized rock alum.
Clean straw mattings and i rattan
furniture with salt and water, chang
ing the water often. Washed in this
way they will not turn yellow.
The durability and brightuess of
oilcloth are increased by a coat of
varnish semi-annually, or by rubbing
over with kerosene once a month.
Well dried, clean corn husks make
a very good wholesome bed, the best
bed net to wool or hair. But they
are altogether too hard for pillows.
Although china for table use cannot
be mended, as yet there is no ce
ment that will hold in hot water yet
china for decoration can be nicely
mended with a little chin foment
A good quality of scrim with em
broidered ferns scattered over it
makes a pretty dressing table cover
or scarf. The edge can be hem
stitched, and then have a lace frill
sewed around it .
Smother fire with carpets, eta;
water will often spread burning oil
ahTTncreaSe Before- passi ng
through smoke take a full breath and
then stoop low, but if carbonic gas is
suspectel walk erect Prof. B. C.
Melt a pound of white castlle soap
over the fire with a little water.
Wheu melted perfume slightly with
any one of the extract and stir in
if f. cupful of common oatmeal
T L'seT "iiii'"p'4'o'p,7a'Mu ' 7uea" Wdoiii'ag
your hands and you will be surprised
at the improvement in their appearance.
fl LIVELY PfHlH
NORTHERNERS AND SOUTH
GEHERAL M'CLEMKD ATTACKED.
A BUI to Psiuloa Him Withdraw
Sprinter and Champ Clark Declare '
That the Recant Democratic De
feat Wm l.rroly Da to
Southern Opposition to
1 easlons for Soldiers.
Washington, Jan. 14. The chief
feature of Friday night's session of
the house was the debate which grew
out of the attempt of Mr. Springer
(Dem., Ill), to pass a bill granting
$100 a month to Major General John
A. McClernand. Mr. Jones (Uem.
Va.) insisted upon making the point
of no quorum. Mr. Springer, in a
heated speech, lectured those of hia
Southern Democratic colleages who
constantly assumed an attitude of
hostility toward the pension of Union
soldiers. He called attention to the
fact that but thirteen Democrats had
been returned to the next house from
the North. He warned them that if
their course was persisted in, none
would be returned to the succeeding
The discussion was prolonged for
more than an hour and was marked
by several sensational scenes, one of
which was the hissing of Mr. Jonea
when he said that the widow of Gen
eral John A. Logan, who received a
pension of $3,000 a year, was living in
social luxury in this city and annually
spent more than her pension money
for flowers displayed by her at ber .
social functions. Later on when ha
proclaimed his pride in the Confeder
ate cause that had gone down in de- (
feat, the Republicans in chorna .
shouted: "We have no doubt of it,"
but in the galleries many of the spec
tators applauded vigorously.
. Mr. Springer was finally forced to
withdraw the bill But even after
the bill bad been withdrawn Mr.
Champ Clark, Democrat of Missouri,
got the floor, and in a characteristic
speech scored Mr. Jones roundly as
he said on behalf of his Democratic
colleagues of the North. He began
by saying the Democratic party pre
sented a dissolving view, and would
soon be lost to sight, though to mem
ory dear. He attributed much of tha
Democratic disaster last fall to tha t
course of the Southern Democrats on
the pension question, and charged tha
defeat of at least five Northern Demo- :'
crats to the speeches of Mr. Jonea, '''
He then paid a magnificent tribute to
After appealing to Mr. Jones to al
low this meritorious bill to go through
he turned to . him and said impress
ively that the Democrats of the North
were sick and tired of having their....
Southern party associates come to
congress and stab their party in
the back. "We are through with
you," Mr. Clark concluded.
NATIONAL DAIRY UNION.
Members Listen to a Short Address by
Washington, Jan. 14. At yester.
day's meeting of the National Dairy
union short addresses were made by
Representatives Hatch of Missouri
and Grout of Vermont, Assistant
Secretary of Agriculture Dabney and
others. It was declared that, as a
manufactured imitation of butter,
oleomargarine was a fraud upon tha
people and it severely interfered
with the European markets for the
A resolution was adopted petitioB
ing congress to place "filled cheese" .
under the internal revenue laws, to
tax it two cents per pound and t re
quire that dealers in filled cheese be
licensed the same as the dealers 'ii
oleomargarine, and to establish a
dairy bureau. V
Ex-Governor W, D. Hoard of Wia
consin was chosen president for tha
next year; Sid W. Wilson of I lllnois
was re-elected secretary, and C &
Martin of New York treasurer.
SEALS PRACTICALLY EXTINCT.
Interesting- Foots Kesardln Alaska
Washington, Jan. 14. Some Inter
esting facts in regard to Alaskan seal
fisheries were stated to the housa
committee on territories by Governor
Sheakly of Alaska The governor de
clared the seals were practically ex
tinct and will be entirely so within a
short time. Although the govern
ment authorized the killing of 60,000
last year by the fur company, they
could find but 13,000 for the market
He said no less than 30,000 pups had
died because their mothers had been
killed by poachers. Poaching la
largely carried on, he said, notwith
standing recent legislation.
SMALL-POX CLOSES A TRACK.
Aid From on Unexpected Source Helps
Officers to Stop toeing-.
Chicago, Jan. 14. Aid from an un
expected source has -come to tha
Indiana authorities, who have for
months been racking their brains, aa
to the best method of closing and
keeping closed, the race track at
Roby, Ind. An epidemic of small-pox
has broken out, and there is a wild
scramble among the touts, stablemen
and jockeys to reach a more health
ful locality. The track is closed at
present but it is not likely that tha
state authorities will allow it to re
open, even if the management wishef
to do so. '
Wrong Doing Alleged.
Guthrie, Ok., Jan. 14. President
Henry E. Alvord, president of tha
Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechan
ical college at Stillwater, has ten
dered his resignation, charging that
wrong practices exist in the manage
ment of the institution, which he can
not indorse. He alleges that tha
73nZFlffiT;15Tgg'ZZltr& WTgafftly used
and big salaries paid to men with po
litical Influence who do absolutely
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