The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, November 29, 1894, Image 1

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    r, :
VOL. VL
All About That Draw Poker Bankers'
Bond Game
ELEOTION EETUM8 OF UTEBEST
- The People Robbed by Wall Street Tooli
in the White House and Cabi
net and Robbed of their
Representatives
- Also.
Special to the Wealth-Makers
For several days anxiety ran high,
when it was rumored that a new bond
issue was contemplated by the treasury
department.
It was reported that Secretary Carlisle
was opposed to said issue of bonds, and
that if the president insisted upon the
issue that it was very likely that Mr. Car
lisle would resign from the cabinet; but
that has all proven to be incorrect, since
Mr. Cleveland has taken the pains to
publicly deny that there was any disa
greement whatever between himself and
his secretary of the treasury.
On last Wednesday, the 14th instant,
the following circular was issued from
the treasury department announcing the
issue of $50,000,000 of Ave per cent
bonds, and calling for bids for same:
the secretary's circular.
Treasury Department, )
Washington, D. C, Nov. 13, 1894.
Br virtue of the authority contained
in the act of congress, entitled "an act td
. . . i ;
provide tor tne resumption oi specie pay
ment," approved January 14,1875. the
secretary of the treasury hereby give
Wiotice that sealed proposals will be re
ceived at the treasury department, office
of tho secretary, until 12 o'clock noon on
the 24th day of November, 1894, for
United States five per ceut cent bonds, in
either registered or coupon form, dated
February 1, 1894, redeemable in coin at
the pleasure of the government, after ten
years from tho date of their issue, and
bearing interest payable quarterly, in
coin, at the rate of five per centum per
annum.
Bidders whose proposals are accepted
will be required to" pay twenty per cent
in gold coin, or gold certificates, upon
the amounts of their bids, as soon as
they receive notice of the acceptance of
such bids, and to pay in like coin or cer
tificates an additional twenty per cent at
the expiration of each ten days there
after, until the whole is paid; but they
may at their option pay the entire
amount of their bids when notified of ac
ceptance, or at any time when an install
ment is payable. The first payment.how
ver, of not less than twenty per cent
must be made when the bidder receives
notice of the acceptance of bis proposal.
The denominations of the bonds will
be $50 and upward, and bidders will, in
their proposals, state the denominations
desired whether registered or coupon,
' the price which the bidder proposes to
pay, the place where it is desired the
bonds shall be delivered, and the office,
whether that of the treasury of the
United States or an assistant treasury
of the United States, where it will be most
convenient for the bidder to deposit the
amounts of his payments.
The bonds will be dated February 1,
3894, in order to make the -proposed
issue uniform as to date with thefxisting
fue; but interest thereon will begin
November 1,1894, and bidders will be
required to pay accrued interest at the
rate of five per cent on the face value of
their bonds from November 1 to the date
or dates of payment. The total issue of
bonds, in pursuance of this notice, will
not exceed the sum of $ 50,000,000.
The secretary of the treasury hereby
expressly reserves the right to reject any
or all bids.
All proposals should be addressed to
the becretary of the Treasury, Washing
ton. D. C, and should be distinctly
marked "Proposals for the purchase of
five per cent bonds." Blank forms for
proposals may be had on application to
the secretary of the treasury.
J. G. Carlisle,
Secretary of the Treasury.
The excuse given for this bond issue is
that the gold reserve must be strength
ened in order that confidence may be pre
served abroad, and that in the near fu
ture heavy exports of gold to Europe is
expected, therefore to keep the gold re
serve from being wiped out entirely these
gold bonds must be issued.
It has recently come to light that when
the 150,000,000 bonds were issued last
February, the banks of New York took
greenbacks to one window of the United
States treasury, exchanged it for gold
then took the gold to another window
and bought the bonds. It is reliably
stated that more than one-fourth of that
issue was taken up in that way without
increasing the gold reserve a single dol
lar. Thrij entire issue can be, and no
doubt a large portion of it will be,
tnUcen up in this way, without putting a
Kle dollar of cold more in the treas
ury than there is now.
liiilV.:
NGTON
This outrage is to be consummated by
November 24th, in order to have the
whole thing fixed and sealed before con
gress meets, because it is understood
that congress would object to the issue.
When congress meets, if they have any
regard for their oaths, and as much self
respect as an Ethiopian, they will begin
proceedings at once to impeach both
Carlisle and Cleveland for malfeasance in
office and treason, because it is perfectly
plain to the mind of every thinking man
who has taken the pains to investigate
the matter, that there is not a vestige of
law upon the statute books of this coun
try, authorizing the secretary of the
treasury to issue bonds for any purpose
whatever.
The report of the secretary shows that
expenditures of that department for Oc
tober was 13,000,000 more than the re
ceipts. The question naturally arises: Can it
be possible that this country can survive
the two remaining years of the Demo
cratic administration?
We have just received the report of the
strike commission appointed by the pres
ident to investigate the Chicago strike
last July. Your correspondent was in
formed at the labor bureau that only a
tew copies of the report had been printed,
without the testimony, but as soon hs
congress meets it will be asked to have
printed several thousands of the report,
with all the testimony, which will make
a large book of about 2,000 pages. The
report is a very valuable document. As
far as we can judge without having the
testimony, it is very fair ana just, hav
ing been impartially made from the facta
brought out by the testimony. The
commission recommends that a perma
nent United States strike commission be
established, with powers similar to those
of the interstate commerce commission;
labor organizations incorporate under
the law, so that they can go iuto court
and defend themselves as other corpora'
tions do, and that the states udopt some
system of conciliation and arbitration on
the line of that now in use in Massachu
setts. The report unmercifully scores the
methods of the Pullman Car Company
and the General Managers' Association.
It treats the labor organizatiors very
fairly, and virtually admits that the
American Railway Union was right. In
commenting upon the report, the daily
press has treated it very fairly, and has
urged the adoption by congress of the
recommendations made by the commis
sion. The only adverse criticism we have
seen was from the Railway Age, the or
gan and tool of the General Managers'
Association and railroad corporations
generally. It viciously attacks there-
port, declaring that it is not honestly
based upon the facts brought out by the
testimony, lakmg it as a whole, it ap-
peirs to be a great victory for organized
labor.
The election returns are yet very un
satisfactory so far as the Populist vote
is concerned, owing to the fact that the
press does everything in its power to sup
press our vote.
It is very plain that a large number of
our congressmen in Georgia, Alabama.
Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas have
been counted out by the Democrats.
The Populists will contest abut twenty
seats of Democrats in these states. In
nearly all of these districts the Democrats
have counted themselves in by majori
ties or pluralities 01 less than a thou
sand. It is now settled beyond doubt
that the Populists have elected members
of the fifty-fourth congress as follows:
North Corolina 5, Alabama 1, Kansas 1,
Colorado 1, Nebraska 1, and Nevada 1,
making a total of ten members in the
house. We will have six members in the
senate which will, without doubt, give
the Populists the balance of power in
that body.
Senator Peffer has reached the city.
He attributes our defeat in Kansas to
fusion, and says he is not at all discour
aged. He says our people in Kansas are
educated on economic questions, and will
now make a winning tight for Populist
principles, without any entanglinc: alli
ances with either of the old parties.
J. 11. Turner.
November 17, 1894.
YALE WINS JUST AS USUAL,
Harvard's Foot, Hull Color Trailed la
the Dust Once More.
Springfield, Mass., Nov. 2a. The
Yale-Harvard foot ball game this af
ternoon was won by Yale by the
score of 13 to 4.
A citizen of Wilcutt, Fla , has a
curiosity in tne shape of a cow horn-
Ave teet long and eighteen inches in
circumference at the base.
Thomas Murray of Brooklyn was,
truck by an express train and thrown
over a thirty-foot embankment He
was not killed. He was drunk.
Investigation by the Municipal
Order league of Chicago, shows that
many of the infants in possession of
female street beggars are hired.
To the present day the leaves of
the talipot palm are used in Ceylon
for writing purposes, even many
legal documents being executed on
this primitive material.
Moses H. Katzenberger, a wealthy
Hebrew citizen of Memphis, Tenn.,
left in his will directions that fishing
tackle should be put in his coffin and
buried with him, in order that he
might be able to enjoy the sport "if
there is any fishing in the other
world."
LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2 9, 1894.
To tne Populists of the United States
Washwgton, D. C, Nov. 21, 1894.
The result of the late election is before
us. We have increased our aggregate
vote about one hundred per cent since
1,892, and have broken the solid south.
We have convinced our opponents and
the world that we are a fixed Actor in poli
tics and have come to say. A new party
that can double its voting strength in
two years shows a vitality that has not
been excelled by any new party in the
history of our country. Every Populist
can be proud of the record we have made
this year. The People's party is the only
political organization whose members
stand as a unit in all sections on the
principles it advocates. The two old
parties have their eastern, northern, west
ern, and southern factions, each one
holding antagonistic views on all the
LIGHT, LAW, LIBERTY, LOYE, LEADERSHIP.
The Wealth Makers, published at
Lincoln, Nebraska, and edited by George
Howard Gibson, author of the famous
political and industrial song book, Ar-
mageddon, is devoted to the study of
the moral, social, economic, and poli-
tical questions. It is holding up the di-
vinely perfect, new (yet old) standards
of justice. It is making plain the source,
in long established injustice, of the so-
cial antagonisms which threaten revolu-
tion. It is proving to the selfish that
selfishness is unprofitable, and to the
unselfish that organization is necessary,
xv ui8m mat uiu luc ivcunn mufcers
combine their voting strength and re-
cover the government from the control
of the wealth takers, the monopolists;
and it is breaking down every position
of the old, time-honored, society-strati-
iying conception oi slavery, viz., mat it ucator along new lines. Its one object
is well for some to labor without gain, is to search out and tell the tfuth, the
in order that others may gain without truth that shall make us free,
labor. Its mottoes are: It is a six column, eight page, weekly
"in the Sweat of thy race Shalt Thou Eat paper, now in its sixth year of publi
Any u,ui not work NeUher Let cation, and the subscription price is
, ',. . . , $1.00 per year. Trial subscription, three
We believe there is not a paper pub- monthHs 25c. Address,
lished whose light upon social, eco-
nomic, political, and religious questions Wealth Makers Pub. Co.,
is more clear or valuable. Religiously J. S. Hyatt, Bus. Mgr., . Lincoln, Neb.
great industrial questions which are forg
ing their way to tbe front.
In twelve out of the fourteen states
west of the Mississippi river, which in the
past have been classed as Republican, the
People's party is first and second in vot
ing strength, all except Iowa and Cali
fornia. In these twelve we have reduced
the Democratic strength to a few strag
glers, and had it not beanfor the admin
istration and goldbug "Democrats nomi
nating dummy tickets for the Democratic
farmers and laborers to support, while
they voted with the Republicans, we
would have elected our candidates in a
majority of these states. In the states
south of the Ohio and Potomac rivers, we
are second in voting strength, in eight
out of fourteen states, and the Demo
cratic party remains in control by fraud
and counting the colored vote.
1 he Democratic party in the south is
the negro party, because without their
votes a majority of the southern states
would have elected Populist Kovernorn
this vear.
Headquarters of the People's nartv
was opened January 1. 1894. Contiibu-
tions to defray expenses were made by
the Populist senators, representatives
and other friends throughout the land.
Ihe total amount received from all
sources was $1,340.80, an average of
122.71 per month, only a trifle more
than a congressman's clerk receives for
spinning yarns." Out of this amount
we had to defray all expenses, as room
rent and furniture for same, fuel, gas
bills, clerk hire, stationery, postage tele
graphing, printing, board, and many
other incidental expenses.
Any one familiar with this kind of
work can readily see that tbe greatest
economy was necessary; doubtless either
one of theold parties hasused more than
this amount in the average county in
the United States. In connection with
this I wiHh to thank Hon. Lafe Pence of
Colorado, Georce Ellison, of Washing
ton, I). C, Leroy Templeton, of Indiana,
mid Thomas Davis of Macon, Illinois,
who came to the rescue, and saved head
quarters from being closed in the middle
of the campaign. I doubt if the people
will ever appreciate or be able to repay
them for the sacrifice they have made for
ourcatixe. There is one thing that Mr.
Pence don't know, and that is when to
cease giving for the cause.
In many respects this campaign has
beon a phenoinenul and stormy one, in
fact, it hns no parallel in our history.
Many urare questions confronted the
committee, which required careful consid-.
eration, and perhaps but few realized the
critical noxition the party occupied. The
iudustriul army movement, as well as the
strikes and cenenil discontent, nitro-
duced a nw feature into tue jo. ........
arena, which demanded close attention.
On these' questions we were flooded with
letters, demanding that our committee
issue an address endorsing the industrial
army movement, and inviting every one
to come to Washington, while others as
zealously demanded that we issue an ad
dress denouncing it in the severest terms.
The same was true of the great coal and
railway strikes, which was the cause for
some acrimonious correspondence be
tween some good Populists and head
quarters. Although we at the time were
severely criticised by both sides for re
maining silent, yet I think that time has
proven that the policy of the committee
was best, i
Headquarters will have to be closed
after this week, but many suggestions
have been made by our press and leaders
for a conference composed of tbe mem
bers of the national committee, chair
men of the state committees, representa
tives of the reform press, congressmen of
the 53rd and 54th, congresses, and other
it is in full accord with Professor Her-
ron's teachings, which have so startled
the church, and stirred the world; and it
will publish specially prepared reports
of his lectures as they are delivered
upon economics and Applied Christian-
ity before the students of Iowa College,
The Wealth Makers sharply criticises
the churches, but only wherein they are
not Christian. It believes the moral
sense is the sense to appeal to, while
presenting facts and pointing out results,
and that the moral law made plain will
at last draw all men together and form
mem inn a pencil society.
We wish to circulate the Wealth
Makers everywhere. It is needed and
will be worth far more than it costs in
every wealth maker's home, because it
reasons simply and clearly and is an ed-
leailers iu onr party, to discuss ways
and means, for conducting an education
al campaign from now until the meeting
of the next National Convention.
This is very important, because during
the short session of the present congress
a nd the 54th congress, questions of great
importance will be discussed. The money
power is not jet satisfied; they demand
the repeal of the income tax, the destruc
tion of the greenback's, and the passage
of the National Ranking Bill, as outlined
by the late Bankers' Association held in
Baltimore, Maryland.
The financial question will come to the
froiif, and the Republicans will be as ser
vile and do the bidding of the money
power as much as the Democrats have
done.
In addition to the Populist delegation
in congress, I am greatly indebted for
counsel to Mr. J. M. Devine, Mr. I. L.
Johnson, and Byron E. Shear. Mr. De-
vine as secretary of the "American Bi
metallic League" has loyally stood by
our cause. He is one of the ablest men
in our party, and will do credit to any
ciiue he may espouse. The people of this
country will never learn, or be able to
recompense Messrs. Shear and Johnson
for the sacrificeshey have made. They
have given theii ioney, timeand counsel
on every occasion. The "American Bi
metallic League' as well as all farm and
lnbor organizations, though non-partisan,
have stood by our cause as never be
fore, their officers and leaders, almost
without exception, are in the Populists
ranks.
Populists, in making a special and radi
cal study of economic conditions, are
well aware that not all the evils of our
time proceed wholly from one source.
Our platform has been a broad protest
against themost visible and most pirati
cal forms of present monopoly. At the
same time, and above all else, vre have
been tho only political organization of
sufficient enpacity and information to
comprehend tho one paramount question
on which now dejifnds not only the im
mediate welfare of the masses, but even
the civilization and christiunity of a
great nation. This is the money ques
tion, the question as to whether the
American people shall be permitted to
have the vehicle of exchanging labor,
and all things produced by labor, in such
a volume that they can live by honest
ndustry, and not be turned, with no
fnult of their own, into beggars and
trotiips, is paramount to all others.
Am the demand for money is equal to
the demand for all other things, so is the
demand for monetary reform, equal to
the demand for all other industrial re
forms rombined. The money question
involves all others, and is one-half of
euch industrial question the mind can
conceive.
I believe we ought to begin at once, to
organize for the great conflict of 1896,
and concentrate all our force on tbe
money qnestion.
To do this we must have a conference
of all oar leaders, map out a policy, and
make a vigorous educational campaign.
H. E.Tavbvnkck.
Chairman National Committee.
The Labor of Boodlers Expensive
Editor Wealth Makers:
You ask me to explain what that judg
ment Against Lancaster county in favor
of Tan Dnyne and Green of $2,000, late
ly obtained, was for. It appears that the
tate treasurer held some of the many
Lancaster county bonds, issued years
ago as investments of the public school
fund. These bonds were made payable
after ten years if the county saw fit to
pay them. Money has been and is flush
at a lower rate of interest than was being
paid, so the commissioners thought to
issue new bonds at a lower rate of inter
est and sell them or exchange them for
those already held by the state treasurer.
Doing just such work as that is what
we pay the commissioners $5,400 an
nually for doing. But they did not see
fit to do this job, so they hired Van
Duyne and Green to do it for the county
and agreed to pay them what was reas
onable. They did not dare to specify the
amount, for election was coming on.
After tbe job was done Tan Duyne and
Green thought $7,500 would be about
reasonable for the two hours spent in
going up to the State bouse and talking
over the matter. But theconimissioners
thought $2,000 was enough, and paid
that amount. ' So Van Duyne and Green
took the $2,000 and sued for the $5,500
balance. The court gave judgment for
$2,000.
Now, judging others by ourselves we
have this to say: The state officers may
have received a part of the boodle, the
county commissioners may have shared
it with Van Duyne and Green $4,000
for five of them. But this we know, if
we had been one of the commissioners,
Van Duyne and Green never would have
got that job unless they had divided
with me, and we do not believe the com
missioners are any less selfish than we
would have been.
There has been quite a rumpus raised
lately about packing and bribing juries,
or doubtless the county would have been
mulcted for the full amount of $7,500.
H. W. Habdy
Tbe Annnal Meeting CaU'd
The Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the
Nebraska Farmers' Alliance and Indus
trial Union will be held in Kearney, Neb.,
on Wednesday, December 19, 1894, at
10 o'clock a. m.
The State Executive Committeedecided
that all delinquent Alliances could be re
instated by the payment of dues for tbe
quarter ending Dec. 31st.
No doubt all Alliances in the drouth
district of tbe State will be allowed seats
who have paid any dues fortheyear 1894
Reduced rates on all railroads have
been applied for.
Independent papers please copy.
W. F. Dale, Mrs. J. T. Kellik
President, Secretary.
Obitnary
We are pained to be obliged to chronicle
the death of Alma Sophia, the eldest
daughter of Brother S. H. Erickson,' and
Sister Erickson, on the 13th of the pre
sent month. She was a promising girl,
far advanced in her studies, including
music, and just ready to enter the State
University. Lovely in character she was
the joy and pride of her parents, and had
11 mde many Iriends. Her illness was ty
phoid fever, from which she suffered a re
lapse.
JAPAN WILLING TO NEGOTIATE
Tbe Mikado Will Listen to China' Pro
posals through Minister Dan.
Berlin, Nov. 27. It is officially an
nounced here that Japan recognizes
that the United States minister at
Tokio, Mr. Dun, is a suitable channel
through which China can open up ne
gotiations for pjace. The Euroneftn
powers will not take any part in the
negotiations, it is considered that
Lhma is in a position to pay the Jap
anese dam aces. If th war naaaaa
now, Japan to hold Port Arthur until
her demands are satisfied.
Memphis, Tenn., Nov. 2". A battle
occurred at a church near Carroltton,
Miss., yesterday between officers and
a murderer, and as a result one man
Is dead and two others wounded.
Ben. P. Catham, the marshall of Car
rollton, and N. Brewer, a deputy
sheriff, left for Enona, a church ten
miles south of Carrollton to arrest
Claude Moss, who is charged with mur
der at Monticello, Dewitt county,
Ark., and who had been a fugitive
from justice for more than a year.
Moss resisted arrest and after a most
desperate struggle Chatham shot him
dead, '
. , . i
NO. 25
POSTAL AFFAIRS.
FostasMter General Bissau's Anneal Re
port to the President.
Washihgok, Nov. 27. Postmaster
General W. & Bissell has submitted
to the president hia annnal report
for the year ending June 80, 1804. He
briefly outlines the policy of the de
partment in the following:
"In general I would recommend
that the first and most important
thing to be done is to revise the laws
as to second-class matter so at to
place the postofflce department im
mediately upon a self-sustaining basis.
"Second Avoid expensive experi
ments like postal telegraph, rural
fee delivery, et.
"Third Develop the postal service
on existing lines of administration,
viz: Extend free delivery in cities
that now enjoy it; accord it to towns
already entitled to it under the law,
and quicken railroad transportation.
"Fourth Revise and reclassify the
organization of the railway mail
servioe and reclassify clerks in post
offices. "Fifth Provide for district super
vision of all postal affairs by appoint
ment of expert postal officials from
the classified service, as recommended
in my last annual report"
"The revenue for the year was $75,
080,479; expenditures, $84,324,414,leav
ing a deficit 80,23,035. The estimates
for the eurrent year ending June 80,
1895, are: Revenue, $84,427,740; ex
penditures, 890,399,485; deficit $5,971,
737. The estimates submitted to the
secretary of the treasury for the next
fiscal year are: Revenue, $80,007,407;
expenditures, $01,059,883; deficiency,
$4,191,870."
This annual deficiency, the post
master general says, could be over
come by the inorease of postal rates,
but he does not believe this advisable.
Economy has been practiced, but
nevertheless, great eare has been
taken that it should not affect the
efficiency of the service.
The economies have consisted main
ly in reletting contracts for mail
transportation and in the cost and
amount of supplies; also in the abro
gation of seven of the eleven steam
ship subsidy contracts which will
mean a total saving in the ten years
of the contracts' life of $14,431,385.
Mr. Bissell recommends the experi
mental free delivery projects should
be discontinued, and thinks that free
delivery in rural districts is not
needed or desired by the people. Both
these projects were originated by his
predecessor. "
One of the most important and in
teresting features of Mr. Bissell's re
port is its discussion of class matter.
In his last report he referred to the
great disproportion of growth of sec
ond class matter. He has made a
thorough investigation during the
year, upon which he says: "The
effect of all this upon my mind is a
conviction that the statutes and the
precedents upon which the business
now rest are defective; that they em
body the only great abuse at present
existing in the postal service; and
that, as this business is growing all
the time, some remedy should be
applied."
Of the obstruction of mails by
strikes, the postmaster general says:
"In my last report I called attention
to the necessity for legislation such
as then was and now is recommended
by the superintendent of the railway
mail service for the punishment of
train wrecking, and for legislative
determination of the definition of a
mail train. Such legislation would
be of great advantage to the postal
service."
The postmaster general does not
favor the postal telegraph, a system
advocated by his predecessors. He
points out that in a country where
the territory is so large the cost of a
postal telegraph would far exceed
any possible receipts or benefits.
Mr. Bissell gives the following
daily average business of the depart
ment, which shows the vastness of
the postal service:
Number of miles of post route run .. 1.100.000
Number of utamos manufactured.... ,3uo.u(JO
Number of envelopes manufactured.. 1.8 0,0u3
Number of postal cards manufactured 1 A'JO.uU)
Number of pieces mailed... 1A.7D ,W0
Number of letters mailed 7.400.0JC
Number of pieces of mail matter dis
tributed and redistributed by rail- .
way costal clerks zr.SOO.OOO
Number of pieces handled in dead let
ter office 21,000
Daily transactions in money order
business 1 1,100,000
Daily expenses 2 1 1. 100
The postmaster general believes in
civii service in the postoffice depart
ment. He says, "If the system has
produced such good results in the
clerical force of the department, it is
reasonable to inquire whether some
thinglike it could tot be applied
with advantage to the lower grades
of postmasters." Mr. Bissell closes
his report vith a request that a new
building be provided for the postof
fice department He says interest on
the cost of an adequate building
would be less than the amount of
re At paid.
The infant sea otter, when removal
from parental care, dies of either
grief or starvation. So far it fcu
been impossible to raise it to maturity
bv human hand.
We want yon to notice every new "ad"
in our columns. Thevars nnt thnr .
pecially for your benefit.