The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, November 08, 1894, Page 7, Image 7

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ssssassnnnaMsssssnnnnaBaasmi - ,
Adopted by the Convention at Om
p aha Nebraska, July. 4, 1802.
Assembled upon the one hundred and
sixteenth anniversary ol the Declaration
of Independence, the People's Party of
America, in their first national conven
tion, invoking npon their action the
blessings of Almighty God. puts forth in
the name, and on behalf of the people of
the country, the following preamble and
declaration of principles:
The conditions which surround us best
justify our co-operation; we meet in the
miitit nf a. nation brought to the verge
of moral, political and material ruin.
nninn 1nmina.tee the ballot box.
Wl iiukjvm - - 1
the legislatures, the Congress, and
touches even the ermine of the
bench. The people are demoralised;
most of the states have been compelled
to isolate the voters at the polling places
to prevent universal intimidation or
bribery. The newspapers are largely
subsidised or muuled; public opinion
silenced; business prostrated; our homes
covered with mortgages; labor impover
ished; and the land concentrating in the
hands of the capitalists. The urban
workmen are denied the right of organi
sation for self-protection; imported pau
perised labor beats down their wages; a
hireling army, unrecognized by our law,
is established to shoot them down: and
they are rapidly degenerating into Euro
pean conditions. The fruits of the toil of
millions are boldly stolen to build up
colossalfortunes for afew, unprecedented
in the history of mankind, and the pos
sessors of these in turn despise the re
public and endanger liberty. From the
same prolific womb of governmental in-
i justice we breed the two great classes
tramps and millionaires.
v The national power to create money
is appropriated to enrich bondholders; a
vast public debt, payable in legal tender
currency, has been funded into gold-bearing
bonds, thereby adding millions to
the burdens of the people.
Silver, which has been accepted as coin
since the dawn of history, has been de
monetised to add to the purchasing pow
er of gold, by decreasing the value of all
forms of property, as well as human la
bor, and the supply of currency is pur
posely abridged to fatten usurers, bank
rupt enterprise, and enslave industry. A
van u wiufumj - -
tuum nromniiad on two continents, and
it is rapidly taking possession of the
world, il not men ana overiurowo at
ence it forebodes terrible social convul
Glimpses of the World
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sions, the destruction ot civilization, or
the establishment of an absolute despot
ism. We have witnessed for more than
a quarter of a century the struggles of
the two great political parties for power
and plunder, while grievous wrongs have
been inflicted upon the suffering people.
We charge that the controlling iuflaence
dominating both these parties have per
mitted the existing dreadful conditions
to develop, without serious effort to
pravest or restrain them.
Neither do they now promise us any
substantial reform. They have agreed
together to ignore. In the coming cam
paign, every issue but one. They pro
pose to drown the outcries of a plundered
people with the uproar of a sham battle
over the tann; so mat capital isu, corpo
rations, national banks, rings, trusts,
watered stock, the demonetisation of sil
ver, and the oppressions of the usurers
may all be lost sight of. They propone
t. sacrifice our homes, lives and children
on the altar of Mammon; to destroy the
multitude in order to secure corruption
funds from the millionaires. Assembled
on the anniversary of the birthday of
the nation, and filled with the spirit of
the grand generation of men, who estab
lished our independence, we seek to re
store the government of the Republio to
the hands of "the plain people," with
whose class it originated. We assert our
purposes to be identical with the purpose
of the national constitutions "to forma
more perfect union, establish justice, in
sure domestio tranquility, provide for the
common defense, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty
ourselves and our posterity."
We declare that this republio can only
endure as a free government while built
upon the love of the whole people for each
other and for the nation; that it cannot
be pinned together by bayonets, that the
civil war is over and that every passion
and resentment which grew out of it must
die with it; and that we must be in fact,
as we are in name, one united brother
hood. Our country finds itself confront
ed by conditions for which there is no
precedent in the history of the world.
Our annual agricultural productions
amount to billions of dollars in value,
which must within a few weeks or months
be exchanged for billions of dollars of
commodities consumed in their produc
tion; the existing currency supply is
wholly inadequate to make this exchange.
The results are falling prices, the forma
tion of combines and rings, and the im
poverish ment of the prod uuing class. We
pledge ourselves that if given power we
will labor to correct these evils by wise
These Peerless Books
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The National
By Hon. Jonathan Periam,
editor of the lrairic
Farmer: for forty years
a practical farmer and
stock breeder.
The National Cyclope
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This invaluable work
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and reasonable legislation, in accordance
with the terms of our platform.
We believe that the powers of govern
ments in other words, of the people
should be expauded (as in the case of the
postal service) as rapidly and as far as
the good sense ot an intelligent people,
and the teachings of experience, shall
justify; to the end that oppression, in-
justice BUU Jjuverij suaufTeuiuaujnan
in the land.
While our sympathies as a party of re
form are naturally upon the side of every
proposition which will tend to make men
intelligent, virtuous and temperate, we
nevertheless regard these questions im
portant as they are as secondary to the
great issues now pressing for solution;
and upon which not only our individual
prosperity, but the very existence of free
institutions depends; and we ask all men
to first help us to determine whether we
are to have a republic to administer, be
fore we differ as to the conditions upon
which it is to be administered; believing
that the forces of reform this day organ
ized will never cease to move forward un
til every wrong is righted and equal pri
vileges established for all the men and
women of this country. -
We declare, therefore, """""S
First, That the union of the labor
forces of the United States this day con
summated, shall be permanent and per
petual; may its spiritenter into all hearts
for the salvation of the republic and the
uplifting of mankind.
Second, Wealth belongs to him who
creates it; and every dollar taken from
industry, without an equivalent, is rob
bery. "If any man will not work neither
shall he eat." The interests of rural and
civic labor are the same; their enemies
are identical. ,
Tki.ii w Koiiovo that the time has
come when the railroad corporations
will either own the people or the people
must own the railroads; and should the
government enter upon the work of own
ing and managing the railroads, we
should favor an amendment to the con
stitution by which all persons engaged
in the government service shall be pro
tected by civil service regulations of the
most rigid character, bo as to prevent
the increase of the power of the national
administration by the use of such addi
tional gonernment employes.
We damand a national currency, safe,
nnnH and floxihlft! issued bv the sreneral
government only; a full legal tender for
all debts public and private; and that
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receipt of first payment.
artrnniit t ha nut nf hAriBimraorDorations:
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a just equitame ana emaeut menus ui
distribution direct to the people, at a tax
tint, tn avixuul 9 lur Mnt IMF Ulllim. tO
be provided as set forth in the sub-treas
ury plan ol toe f armers Alliance, or
some better system; also by payments in
discharge ot its obligations for publio
We demand free and unlimited coinage
of silver and gold at the present legal
ration of 16 to 1.
We demand that the amount of cir
culating medium be speedily increased to
not less than f au per capita.
we demand a graauatea income tax.
V, holiovA that the monev of the
country should be kept, as much as pos
sible, in the hands ot the people; and
hence we demand that all state and na
tional revenues shall be limited. to the
necessary expenses of the government,
economically and honestly administered.
We demand tbat postal savings oanxs
be established by the government for the
safe deposit of the earnings of the people
and the facilitation of exchange.
Transportation being a means ot ex
change and a publio necessity; the gov
ernment should own and operate the
railroads in the interest ot the people.
The telegraph and telephone, like the
postoffice system, being a necessity, for
the transmissionof news, should be owned
and operated by the government in the
interests of the people.
The land, including all natural re
sources of wealth, is the heritage of the
people, and should not be monopolized
for speculative purposes; and alien owner
ship of land should bs prohibitsd. All
land now held by railroads and other
corporations in excess of their actual
needs, and all lands now owned by
aliens, should be reclaimed by the gov
ernment and held for actual settlers
The following resolutions were offered
independent of the platform, and were
adopted, as expressive of the sentiments
of the convention:
Resolved, That wedemandafreeballot
and a fair count in all elections, and
pledge ourselves to secure to it every
legal voter without federal intervention,
through the adoption by the states of
the unperverted Australian secret ballot
system. ....
Resolved, That the revenue derived from
a graduated income tax should be appli
ed to the reduction ot the burden of taxa
tion now levied upon the domestic in
dustries of this couutry.
and $1.00 monthly for
,2 a
Roanlvnll. That wtt DlMlM OOT HHTinO.
to sod liberal pensions o el-Union
soldiers and sailors.
RssoUed, Tha,e condemn thsIallsT
of protecting American labor under the
present system, which opens onr ports to
tne pauper ana criminal classes oi vu
world, and crowds oat onr wage-earners
and ws denounce the present ineffectiTS
law against contrast labor, and demand
the further restriction ot undesirable
KesolTsd, That ws coraiany sympa
thise with the efforts of organised work
ingmen to shorter the hours of labor and
demand a rigid enforcement of the exist
ing sight-hour law on gorernment work,
and ask that a penalty clause be added to
said law.
Resolved, That we regard the main
tenance of a large standing army of
mercenaries, known as the Pinkerton
system, as a menace to our liberties, and
we demand its abolition, and wecondemn
the recto t invasion of the Territory of
Wyoming by the hired assassins ot
Plutocracy, assisted by Federal officers.
Resolved, That we commend to the
thoughtful consideration of the people
and the reform press, the legislative sys
tem known as the Initiative and Referen
dum. Resolved, That we favor a constitu
tional provision limiting the office of a
president and vice president to one term,
and providing for the election ot the
senators by a direct vote of the people.
Resolved, That weoppose any subsidy
or national aid to any private corpora-,
tion for any purpose. .. .
B. E. Taubeneck, Chairman, Marshall,
J. H. Turner, Secretary, Georgia.
Lawrence McFarland, Secretary, New
M. C. Rankut, Treasurer, Terre Haute,
Indiana. .
Our State Platform.
We, the People's Indepenpent party of
the state of Nebraska, reaffirm the prin
ciples laid down in the national platform
adopted at Omaha, July 4, 1892. We
emphasize the demand for free and un
limited coinage of silver and gold at the
present ratio 16 to 1. We brand as
treason to labor in every field, and to
labor in every field, and to the beet inter
ests of the whole country, the uncondi
tional repeal by congress of the purchas
ing clause of the Sherman act. We de
mand both state and national laws tor
the encouragement and promotion of
the irrigation of onr arid and semi-arid
lands. -
We demand tbat congress shall speedi
ly pass a law by which the federal court
will be prevented from suspending the
operation or a state law at the dictation
of corporations.
Ws demand a liberal service pension to
all honorably discharged union soldiers
and sailors of the late war.
We declare for municipal ownership ot
street cars, gas and electric light plants
and water works'.
We demand compulsory arbitration ot
all controversies between employers and
We heartily approve the course of Sen
ator William V. Allen and Congressmen
W. A. McKelghan and O. M. Kem for
their fidelity and loyalty to our entire
interests, and we compliment Congress
man W. J. Bryan, who, though elected as
a Democrat, has given strong support to
many of our reform measures.
We demand a more economical admin
istration of our state government, and a
more strict accountability of moneys ap
propriated and expended.
We reiterate our demand for a maxi
mum freiKht rate law or the enforcement
of the one now on our statute books.
We demand uB amename. our
state constitution by the adoption of
what are properly known as the initiative
and referendum.
We demand the enforcement ot the
present law for the investment of our
permanent school fund as directed, and
not through bond investment companies,
at a loss to said fund or profit to specu
lators and money sharks.
We demand that all officers, both stats
and county, be paid a reasonable salary,
in accordance with the labor to be per
formed and the amount of skill required,
and that all fees be turned into the gen
eral fund for state and county purposes.
We commend to the favorable consid
eration of the state the building of what
is known as the Qulf & Interstate rail
road, now under process of construction.
We demand that immediate steps be
taken for the relief of the drouth sufferers
of our state, and that some means be
devised to give them employment and
Havinir stated our demands, we cordi
ally invite all persons who are in sympa
thy with them to co-operate witn us, re
gardless of former party afflictions.
Shortness of Breath, Swell
ing of Leg and Feet.
Tor about four Fears I was trou
bled with palpitation of the heart,
shortness of breath and swelling of
the legs and feet At times I would
faiat i n-ds tresfcM If tta best pto y
sicians in SavaDnah, Ga., with no re
lief. I then tried various Springs,
without benefit. Finally I tried
Dr. Miles' Heart Cure
also his Nerve and Liver Pills. Af
ter beginning to take them Ifelt better! I
continued taking them and I am now
in better health than for many years.
Since my recovery I have gained fifty
pounds in weight. I hope this state
ment may be of value to some poor
E. B. SUTTON, Ways Station, Ga.
Dr. Miles' Heart Cnre la sold on a positive)
Snarantee that the first bottle will benefit.
.11 druggist sell It at 11, ft bottle for ft, or
It will be sent, prepaid, on receipt ot price
by the Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart, lad.
The President Has the Same Earnest and
Hlneera Interest la the Sueeasn of HIS
Party In the Present Campaign .
That He Baa A Iwaya Had l
the Past Other Lata
Political Mows. ,
Washington. Nov. 5. Senator
Faulkner, chairman of the Demo
cratic congressional compaign com
mittee, yesterday made a statement
with reference to his recent call upon
the president, at which the political
situation was talked over.
"As chairman of the congressional
committee I called npon the presi
dent During the interview l con
veyed to him all the information I
had in reference to the congressional
contests throughout tha country, and
the prospects of the Democratic party
in the various states. Our conversa
tion was confined to the outlook in
pending congressional elections, and
I found the president, as always, in
previous conversations involving tho
interests of the Democratic party in
the various states, manifesting the
deepest concern in the information I
communicated to him, and in the
hopes I expressed for our success m
maintaining a Democratic majority
in the Fifty-fourth congress.,
"He impressed me in that Interview
as having the same earnest and sin
cere interest in the results of this
election, which have always charac
terized his utterances in the interest
of Democratic principles when they
were on trial before the people of this
country. He clearly indicated he was
satisfied with the direction given the
campaign by the congressional . com
mittee, in earnestly and intelligently
bringing before the voters tho results
of Democratic action in the endeavor
of congress to redeem Democratic
piedsres. Of course we all recognize
the fact because Mr. Cleveland is one
who does not conceal from the publio
his maturely formed opinions, that he
had hoped for the'passage of a rev
enue measure more In accordance
with his views of the pledges
of the party in its declaration at Chi
cago. But as he has already stated,
wnat has been done "will certainly
lighten many tariff burdens that now
rest heavily upon the people," and he
seemed to fully approve the course of
the committee ia drawing the con-'
trast between the onerous and bur
densome actions of the McKlnley bill
and the reduct ons made by the exist
ing laws; approving fully the presen
tation by the committee as shown in
its campaign book as well as its other
literature, the difference in the condi
tion of the treasury under his former
administration and that of his suc
cessor, Mr. Harrison, and the deplor
able condition of the treasury when
turned over to him by his predecessor.
''You can rest assured I express my
honest judgment when I say that
from my conversation with the presi
dent, no man takes a deeper interest
in the success of the Democratic par
ty in the present campaign and in the
anxiety of the committee to return a
majority to the Fifty-fourth congress
than President Cleveland."
Tahlkquah, Ind. Ter., Oct 29. A
courier has lust arrived with informa
tion that Sheriff Proctor and a posse
of Cherokees are hot on the trail of
Cook and his gang of robbers, only be
ing half an hour behind the bandits.
Last night Miss Eliza Cook, a sister
of the leader -of the notorious gang,
rode into Fort Gibson and terrorized
the people of that place by shooting
into bouses and defying arrest She
filled the depot full of lead from her
pistol. After driving the frightened
citizens off the street she galloped
through a squad of deputy marshals
and out of town in true bandit queen
rmtirt otrtn mmsvar Ban.
Chicago, Nov. 5. Joseph W. Rein
hart ex-president and ex-receiver of
the Santa Fe railroad, who was in
dicted by the federal grand jury on
the charge of paying rebates to ship
pers in violation of the inter-state
commerce law, gave bail in the
United States district court yester
day. Mr. Reinhart's bond was for
$10,000, and it was signed hy William
J. Watson.
A SoTdTer l-fTPi rfs Mistress.
Washington, Nov. 5. Frederick
Well, a soldier in the Marine corps,
shot his mistress, Annie Orandy, twice
in the head last night and then killed
himself in a disreputable resort, the
result of a quarrel. Well had tired of
the woman and had made application
for a transfer of duty on board the
United States steamer Minneapolis.
Well is a Russian about 35 years of
Artaftsas Baptists "Alarmed.
Little Rock, Ark., .Nov. 5. The
state Baptist convention in session at
Lonoke last night unanimously adopt
ed a resolution expressing alarm at
the coming power of the Roman Cath
olic church over congress and the
Federal government, and denouncing
aXrTegisIatio'n giving' federal''rev-'
enues in support of Roman Catholic
or other sectarian schools.
A Choctaw l-.zecated.
Caddo, Ind. Ter.. Nov. 5. Caleb
Pratt the Choctaw who was con
victed of murder last August, was
shot at 2 o'clock yesterday. He was
tried on a charge of murdering an- -other
Choctaw. He admitted his
guilt, but held out to the very last
that the killing was accidental.
High Sheriff of Cherokee Nation.
Taulequah, Ind. Ter., Nov.
Chief Harris has appointed George
Wolf high sheriff of the Cherokee na
tion, to fill the unexpired term of
High Sheriff Wash Mayes, deceased.
aim Ji.uu mommy unm pam iui,
X - nfci"iewH