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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 8, 1894)
November 8, 1894.
THE WEALTH MAKERS
LIVING IN ALTRURIA
y' Peace and Pleasure of Community Life is
The Howell Mountain
THE OAEES OF THE WORLD SHUTOUT
. Absolute Equality Exists Among allMem-
bers of the Community and Seren
nity and Kindness Per.
Mrs. E. Buckingham of Vacaville, who
is known as the queen of California fruit
growers, is at the Palace hotel, after
visit to the mountains of the north, says
the 3an Francisco Examiner. She tells
of a strange community residing on
Howell mountain, a few miles back of St.
Helena, so singular that she cannot get
over the impression received of it
The community, which is Altrorian in
character, consists of about 100 people
of all ages, but mostly adults. It was
fouuded some time ago and has got up
on a prosperous basis, but owing to the
quiet ws of the community and the
secluded mountain vale in which they
live apart from the rest of the world
iittle has been heard of them. .
The little cluster of houses of all kinds
wnicn lorra toe location ol tne queer
colony are at the end of the valley on the
fgreat mountain. Two or three large
mounds rise in the open valley, and all
about are pine and fir trees. So undulat
ing and picturesque is the valley, that
looking from one of the buildings on the
brow of the mountain upon it the undula
tions seem like the waves of the sea.
There Is an abundance of the sweetest
clearest water there. It gushes from
springs and comes down the mountain in
brooks, but none of the water is mineral.
There is one very large house, which is
used asa hotel, and six or eight cottages,
besides any number of tents which have
been utilized by the Altrurian settlers.
The buildings are heated by steam.
There is an elevator in the hotel for the
convenience of guests. There is also a
steam laundry in the village.
"There is no ambition, no malice,' no
harsh words for anybody or anything,
and no restlessness of spirit," said Mrs.
Buckingham. "All is quiet and peace
and contentment. They seem to know
nothing of the great outside world nor
care for it. It is such a calm, such a
state of contentment, as I have never
seen or heard of before.
WHERE ALL ARE ON AN EQUALITY.
"Everybody is treated with perfect
equality, no matter what his position.
When I went there I was conducted to
my room and pleasantly made to feel at
home by one of the ladies. Prettv soon
a fair, fresh-faced girl came in and I was
"I went down for prayers. I was
strangely impressed in this new and quiet
atmosphere of this place which seemed
more restful than any other I had ever
been. However little or much you might
be. inclined to be skeptical of their judg
ment outside, you could not feel it right
to indulge in it there.
"Finally I missed the tapping and the
strange voice which had in such a win
ning way said, 'elevator for prayers,' and
do you know, I really felt disappointed,
somewhat forgotten, and ventured to in
quire about it. 'Oh, we didn't want to
obtrude in any way,' was the kindly re
sponse, 'but hoped, if you felt like it. you
would come anyway, but we were afraid
you might not be quite pleased and so we
let it go."
"I told them I wanted the elevator to
stop and to hear the voice and the kind
ly tapping every morning, and when it
continued again I felt almost as though I
was myself one of the community, with
something of the same purposes.
"There was another voice that used to
be heard in the halls at each door. It
was very kind, too, but not so winning
as the other. It merely said 'hot water!
hot water!' '
TJIE BODY IS NOT FORGOTTEN.
"There is a gymnasium intheplaceand
every evening the help, as the employes
are called, would assemble with all the
others. There is a skilled teacher of
gymnastics there and he gave sundry in
structions of interest. They do not
dance, properly speaking, but on these
occasions they indulge in marchinir and
countermarching, and they also formed
we grand right and left.
There is no more important question be
fore the farmers of Nebraska today, than
that of irrigation. Irrigating from the
rivers can be done only to a very limited ex
tent, and even when this is done there are
not many who like to deal with large com
panies owning ditches and be governed by
the many conditions that are usually agreed
to. Those having an irrigating plant of
their own are independent, and irrigating
with wind power is no longer an experiment,
bnt a tested suceeoss.
The Goodhue Windmills have long been
known for their great success in running
machinery, a number of sizes being made for
this class of work. They have for some time
been making large mills for irrigating which
have demonstrated the fact that an irriga
ting plant can be installed that will be per
fectly permanent. One 18-foot mill will irri
gate from 20 to 40 acres, according to bow
high the water is to" be raised. They have
located special irrigation agencies in this
state covering the territory where this kind
of irrigation can be best used, and from
them anyone can obtain complete equip
ments and make their land very valuable
and produce abundant crops. These agencies are as follows:
E. A. Smith, Chappell, Deuel county, and west to state line.
Hershey & Co., North Platte, Lincoln, Logan and west to the east line of
Patterson, Dunn & Gunn, Leiintrton, Dawson south part of Custer, western
part of Buffalo and northern part of Phelps and Gosper counties.
G. W. Codner, Gibbon, eastern part of Buffalo and northern part of Kearney
C. W. Hodgin, Bartley. All of Red Willow countv,
W. B. Votaw & Bro.. Mavwood. Frontier and eastern nart of Haven conntira.
Call on the nearest agent or write the manufacturers stating the distance to
J. W. Cams, lme.
t. r, Raima, TUa-Praa. W. B. Lima, ,
O. U Lues, tut Ami
A. flauUAirm, Tra
it was a queer, swinging kind of a water, and highth that water must be raised from level of water in well, or its na-
motion, all done to the music of a piano.
In many respects the men and women
were like children, yet children in school
are interested in parties and things of
that kind. These crown children had
other things to talk about, yet they were
so simple and quiet as to make them re
markable as subjects for contemplation.
"What seemed to me a Deculiaritv of
striking character was the way they
treat their people they call the helpless.
They were all simply like a lot of cood
children. They were not like actual men
and women in the world.
"Among the members of the community
I saw one old man, who beinir a native of
Smyrna, in Asia, was supposed to know
something especially about figs, and part
of his work was to employ himself in the
orchards. He was an Armenian, and had
been a trader in Constantinople. It
appears that some years ago some of the
adventist missionaries, who have been
scattered to all parts of the world, had
fallen in with him and he had been con
verted to their faith.
"There is a board of directors that
rules the affairs of the community. One
Dr. Maxon is manager of the affairs of
the hotel, but there are three or four
other physicians about there. Everv
conceivable kind of a bath may be had.
"Take it all in all it is the strangest
community of which I have heard or
read a colony of Altrurians in fact, who
seek not of the things that are beintr
one outside of their own habitation on
the great mountain. It surpasses any
thing in the books, and altogether
furnished me much to think of for manv
introduced to her as Miss So-and-So.
JSlie will take care of your room, you
Tmiow,' said the former. Thereupon the
girl, who was the chambermaid, came
forward and reached her baud. I shook
nanus witn ner ana tnen she, as
pleasantly as possible, but exactly as
one's solicitous friends might do, asked
me wnat sne could do lor me,
Thereupon she made all the arrange
ments even down to details, as to ray
hour for baths, for meals, for hot water,
and everything of that kind. Her man-
, ner was very pleasant, and evervone
about the retreat ii the mountains was
as kind and considerate as possible. 1
found the Rev. Dr. Lathrop there, who
used to be an Episcopal clergyman here;
Mrs. Judge Mee, and others. They had
found it, as I had, a wonderful place for
a nervous person, lor the atmosphere ol
the place precludes worry or excitement.
The girl who took charge of my room
was one of the helpers, the man who ran
laundry was another.and the elevator boy
another, yet these anil other helpers were
always reierred to as brother and sister,
and were so introduced, and were treated
ion a perfect equality with everybody else.
They likewise talked as freely and openly
' : with everyone as though such a thing as
caste and class had never existed or been
thought of. Thus it was that they were
all brothers and sisters in fact.
The elevator boy one moonlit night
stopped his eleVH tor to look out of the
window and talk. 'O, I .thought," he
fluid, 'as I saw this bright moon, how 1
would like to go out and sit and be
" bathed in its light.' He talked on,
entertaining me thus, impressing me
singularly with the great contrasts be-
tweed this and the outside world.
" "Likewise I happened to meet and be
'fctroduced to the man who ran the
laundry. He was introduced as brother,
and he reached his hand to shake hands.
I took it; then he said, perhaps I would
like to see how the laundry worked. So
I went down aud he showed me every
little part, taking as much interest in it
as could be imagined. He was so nice
and gentle and . he and all the others
eemed so sincere that it wad not in my
heart to meet this sincerity in any other
than in the same manner it was given.
"So all through this spirit of kindness
and goodwill pervaded everything.
CONCERNING RELIGIOUS MATTERS.
"The community has about 130 acres
of land. About the buildings are beauti
ful grass plots and flowers of all kinds.
These are vuriegated- and so beautiful
that whether near or remote the place at
the head of the mountain vale looks like
an e'yrttinv... . -
"There is an orchard of fig, pear, peach
and other trees, and vines producing
berries. There is also a duiry connected
with the place. Dairying is one of the
industries. The members of the commu
nity also make hay from the wild lands
of the valley.
"They require no conformity to exist
ing religious beliefs, but let everyone
settle it according to his own conscience.
Most of the founders are Seventh Day
Adventists. but they - never engage in
anything like proselyting.
"The first morning after I got there
the elevator stopped on my floor and
pretty soon there whs a gentle tap on
the door. ' 'Elevator, for prayers.' , And
lay over that floor 1 could hear that
:gentle tapping and that unobtrusive
kind voice saying. 'Elevator for prayer j
The new song book, now ready for de
livery: is immense. -Fire in your orders.
! Thirty-five cents a copy.'
Tyranny of Mind.
BY FRANK A MYERS.
The supremacy of intellect has long
been acknowledged, and praised. And
this supremacy and acknowlegemeut
thereof were right as long as mind was
directed towards the study of 'thoBe
things that bettered mankind and ad
vanced the general welfare and inter
ests of men. When intellect wrought for
men instead of self, they were better, the
circumstances of life were different, the
opportunities of labor self-made, and the
chances of living more equal.
But to-day the pressing commercial
world has directed the powers of mind
into gainful channels, and that begets
trust-barons and slave-drivers and
pinched poor.. At this time mind is used
to coerce physical powers to the end of
gam and greed. The mental tyranny of
the captains of trade is worse now, I be
lieve than the condemned thraldom of
slaves. Men are now slaves of necessity,
bound hand aud foot by the chains of
soulless trade which has been absorbed by
a few money kings. Labor is no longer
free; it must work or perish. The avenues
of existence have been largely taken by
money power and brain skill, and labor
is reduced to the necessity of engaging
itself to accumulated wealth or starving.
It is Hobson choice.
While it is a generic fact that no one is
under any obligation or economic law to
employ another against his will, it ought
to hold ' good by parity of reasoning
that no one should be obliged to work
for another against hisinclination. That
is, the circumstances governing existence
should be alike to all when they are born
into the world. And here the right of
accumulating fortunes is seriously ques
tioned.. We would not impair the rights
of iudividualism, but going back to the
root of the evil we do condemn the
tyranny of intellect.
The unholy law of competition has
sharpened men's mental powers to
prey upon one another, and has de
veloped the, sense of selfishness instead
of altruism! Hence, when the poor man
is born into the world today he discov
ers that competition has robbed him of
his birthright and absorbed the avenues
of labor. It is unnecessary to argue the
plain fact that the means of labor ought
to be open to all alike; but mind has, by
the right of squatter sovereignty, practi
cally taken all the avenues of labor and
left nothing for -poor man. He is
upon the earth the same as the rich man,
and is entitled by divine right to as many
privileges to live as the more favored.
That he does not get them clearly exhib
its a wrong somewhere. As said before,
mind tyranny is at the bottom of it all.
It has cornered the rights of toil, lob
bied through legislative bodies laws for
tifying its own unjust claims, and the
poor employee is left with barely the
privilege of living upon the legally fenced
face of the earth. It has come to be
that he is always treading on some
body's "grass." If rnisdirected mind
goes on enslaving him he will soon be
asked, "What right have you to live?"
And then the pathos of the situation
will be that he has no answer and per
haps ewn no right to answer.
lo regulate this Idea of mentel tyran
ny will touch the assumed prerogative of
tural level, and whether water is found in sand and gravel beds, or from open wells,
or draws mar nave Deen dammed no. Aney can then give all particulars in recard
to size and style of pump to be used and amount of land that can usually be irri-
guiu Klin uie uinerent gizeo mum.
These mills and pumps for irrigating are made by THE GOODHUE WIND EN
GINE CO., St Charles, Illinois. .
men to accumulate property beyond their
ueeds and physical comforts. Aot every
prescriptive right is an economic right.
J herefore, prescriptive rights and sel
fish made laws are not of necessity eco'
uofnically or divinely right.
But we are not ready here to suggest a
remedy, or say how accumulations
should be regulated. It is but trite to
say that without accumula tions the ave
nues of labor will be firmly closed. There
will be none at all. But as things are,
there is something wrong somewhere in
our mental and social framework that
will allow one to abstract what belongs
to another and retain it by reason of
difference af social position and mental
superiority. merienn Federationist.
Would Have an Industrial Common
: Very few men, I think, understand the
why and wherefore of the quest ions
which vex and agitate society. Not one
in a thousand know the cause nor the
remedy. To my mind the whole thing is
as the weaver's shuttle our country
and the whole civilized world, is in a
transition state. Everything is in the
mill and is being ground over.
The philosophy of the whole thing is
this: Since some of us old men were born
there has been more labor-saving ma
chinery invented than had been in thous
ands of years before so that now 85 or
90 per cent of the labor of the world is
performed by machinery, and every day
almost some one is bringing on the stage
otherlabor-saving devices, making the
demand for wageworkers less and less
while on the other hand the army o'
wageworkers grows larger and larger
every day, so that the gulf between Dives
and Lazarus, or capital aud labor, gets
wider, deeper, and darker every day.
This is the whole question in a nutehell
Now the next step to take in order to
understand the vexing problem is this;
Our competitive system (every fellow
for himself if the devil does get the
balance) founded on interest or usury
has created a class of men called
capitalists. They own the labor-saving
machinery ana get all the benefits, and
with 10 or 16 per cent of the army of
wageworkers they can, with the ma
cninery, produce an mat can De sold in
the markets of the world, and the bal
ance of this army of wageworkers are left
out in idleness to starve or steal or fight,
and they are doing a little at it all now.
The foregoiug explains the whole ques
tion. Society boils like a tempest-tossed
sea, and under our present system it will
continue to boil until an explosion takes
place. We must have a change of sys
tems. We must have a system under
which every member of society will share
a just proportion of the benefits ot labor-
I saving machinery. If it can't be ma le to
benefit the whole of society then the world
would be in better condition without it.
Hut if society can be made partakers of
its benefits then no one would need to
lubor more than three or four hours a
day, or less than that, because machinery
does three-fourths or more of the labor
of the world now. That system which
the world needs, and must have, Is a co
operative commonwealth. . The capita
lists control the governments of the
world, and they resist any change.
Society and business systems are now
exactly as they want them. It is like the
foolish father that tries to make his 15-year-old
boy wear the same pants that
he wore at 10 years of age. Uncle Sam
has outgrown his boyhood clothes and
is going to kick out of them. The two
old parties are trying to make him wear
the boyhood suit, but the People's party
propose to dress him out in manhood's
clothes, splinter fire new.
The coming system is sometimes called
nationalism, sometimes the co-operative
commonwealth, sometimes national
socialism. The name doesn't amount to
the ashes of a rush. It is the thiKu rtikh
thewoFid needs, "must and will have.
The outline of the system is this; Every
thing that is for the public good will be
owned by the public, such as railroads,
telegraph, telephone, coal mines, etc.
The government has operated the postal
service for a hundred years and there
never has been a strike in connection
with it. If the government alt the peo
ple owned and operated the railroads
and coal mines there would be no more
strikes. We may turn up our noses in
contempt. We may cry out crank. We
may kick and revolt, and cry anarchy
and communism, but it won't amount to
anything. We are. at the fork of the
road. We may in our blindness and cus
sednesa stick to the old road and land in
.violent revulsion ending in barbarism,
out ii we are wise we win take the new
road and it will lead us into the paradise
of peace Ged's millennium. , :
There can be no permanent peace under
tne old, musty, moss-grown, worm-eaten
system of competition. The reason is
this: Wageworkers labor for wages.
They only demand pay for what they
earn. They bow to God's law of labor.
"In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat
bread." But the capitalist works for per
cent. The merchant or manufacturer
marks up his selling price so as to make
the desired percent. He takes no account
of his labor any more. God's law of
labor is knocked out. He bows to com
merce. It is mammon worship. The
dollar is the god of commerce.
This idolatry of mammon-worship can
be overthrown in no other way than by
knocking out competition and bringing
in co-operation. D. Oglesby, in Chicago
Admires the Higher Stand We Take
Arapahoe, Neb., Oct. 21, 1894.
Editor Wealth Makers:
I am one of those who admire the high
er stand you are taking in the political
arena, that "principle" and purity of life
should be the great elements in the con
stitution of the Independent party, actu
ating and guiding every thought, and
It is painful and discouraging to hear
a Christian say, when charged with in
consistency, well: Politics is one thing,
and religion is another. There has oc
curred Iwo instances during this cam
paign, of moral decrepitude in speakers
nr, the close of meetings at which "Shv.
lock" and other oppressors of the people J
have Deen severely rated, viz., winding
up in the following manner: Well, if I
were a banker I should do the same way.
I should be foolish if I bad the power, not
to make laws to suit myself, &c, &c., &e.
If that is so, where are we to better our
selves by elecsing or supporting the Pop
ulist party, say the listeners, and well
they may. I condemn such operations,
as unworthy of the party.
Tne North-Western K. K ft M. V. R. R.
New Time Card A New Train ,
Paster Time, Better Service.
For the benefit of the traveling public
this line has made important changes
and improvement in its train service.
Note: V ,
A VALUABLE ADDITION.
The 7:25 a. m, week day train is made
a Chicago connection. Besides taking
passengers for as far west as Norfolk, it
takes them for Blair and all Northeastern
Nebraska points; Sioux City and points on J
ui verging linen; uniana, mo. v auey, una
wa, Carroll, Boone, Ames, Des Moines,
and all Northwestern and Central Iowa
and III. points through to Chicago. The
Chicago Limited leaves daily at 1:25 p.
m. aud takes passengers for Chicago and
East, and intermediate points; for Oma
ha, Sioux City, St. Paul, Doluth and all
points in the Northwest.
rhlllp o. oyue of Chicago Dead.
Chicago, .ov." 5.-United States
Commissioner Philip p Horner-
died at his home here to-day. He
lad been ill for some time.
The Fanners' Mntoal Insrace Company of Nebraska.
Tkt Lu-gttt, Bmt mad Chetpett Farm Jfotna Iatuniu Company
in tb StmU.
- X,"V--vv Over
14.000.000 ob hand.
Insurance j Thirty -two
Nowia i Losses
Khet... " M
Insane against Fin
MMM ... f0 rNmptly than Any Old Lin Company Dotaf BnalnaM.
ana usnaun, w ma ana Tornado, at On Per Orat. Ban ran Thru yam wtthont ear
A anakaMmatr l"nnilahakai lnn.. Ak.- -a. . ....
- ! tj eu vaiv r arauvrai Jtciaau tjfim. All i
Fftld in FU ud bo ttebta gtMdlBf igilu. tk Compia.
Home Office; 245 So. 11th St, - - LINCOLN, NED.
li g IT
6lf ' - lt
ig a ?
NEBRASKA MUTUAL FIRE, LIGHTNING & CYCLONE IN8URANCB CO MP ANY. Over
half million hurared. Have paid over K00.00 In losaes. Htve had but rae asMesiMnt.
10c per 1100.00. J. Y. M. Bwioart, Secretary, Lincoln, Neb. 3TAgnu wasted.
Irrigated Farm Lands
IN THE .
FERTILE SA1I LOIS VALLEY, COLORADO.
- : i
T 'BK BAN LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO, is a stretch of level plain about
as large as the State of Connecticut, lyin between surrounding ranges
of lofty mountains and watered by the Rio Grande River and a score or
more of email tributary streams. It was the bottom of a great sea, whose de
posits have made a fertile soil on an average more than ten feet deep. The
mountains are covered with great deposits of snow, whieh melt and furnish
the irrigating eanala with water for the farmers' crops.
The Climate is Unrivaled.
Almost perpetual sunshine, and the elevation of about 7,000 feet dispels all
malaria, nor are such pests as chinch bugs, weevil, etc., found there. FLowme
artesian wells are secured at a depth, on an average, of about 100 feet, and ui
a cost of about $25.00 each. Such is the flow that they are being ntilied for
irrigating the yards, garden and vegetable crops. The pressure is sufficient to
carry the water, which is pure, all through the farmers' dwellings.
Already several thousand miles of large and small irrigating eanala hare been
bnilt and several hundred thousand acres of lands made available for farming
operations. Irrigation is an insurance against failure of crops, because sue
cess is a question only of the proper application of water to them. The loss of
a single corn or wheat crop in Nebraska, for instance, would more than equal
the cost of irrigating canals to cover the entire state, so important is the cer
tainty of a full crop return to any agricultural state. The San Luis Valley
willgrow:i i' :,"
Spring wheat oats, barley, peas, hops, beans,
potatoes, vegetables ana all kinds of small fruits
and many of the hardier varieties of apples,
pears and all kinds of cherries.
In the yield of all these products it has iteteb been ivrpasskd by amy otbeb
SEOTIOII OK THE CONTINENT. v
Forty Acres Enough Land.
Forty acbbs enough land for the farmer of ordinary means and help. Be
sides the certainty of return, the yield, under the conditions of proper irriga
tion, will average far more than the 160-aore farms in the Mississippi and
Missouri Valleys, and the outlay for machinery, farming stock, purchase
money, taxes, etc., are proportionately less. There are a hundred thousand
acres ot such lands located in the very heart of the San Lnis Valley, all within
six miles of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, convenient markets and
shipping stations, for sale at 15.00 per acre. Most of these lands are feneed
and have been under, cultivation and in many instances have wells and some
bnildinRs, everything ready to proceed at once to begin farming. A small
cash payment only is required where the purchaser immediately occupies the
premises, and long time at seven per cent, interest is granted for the deferred
A Specially Low Homeseekers Rate
will be made you, your family and friends. Should you settle on these lands
the amount you paid for railroad fare will be credited to you on your pay
ments; and bemembeb the land is perfectly and thoroughly irkioated, and
the land and febpktcel water rights are sold you for less than other sec
tions ask for simply the water rights without the land. No bbtteb lands
exist anywhere on earth. For further particulars, prices of land, railroad
fare, and all other information call on or address,
(Mention this paper.)
Manager Celerast Uad i Inailaratlee Co.,
and Sanitarium. '
Corner 14th and M Sts , Linooln, Neb
The New Commonwealth.
THE great People's party paper of New
York, and organ of the Co-Operatlve
movement of the United States, and Canada.
Price, BO Cents Per Year,
ample Copies Free-
mifaaearSt. Baooaxra, M. Y.
Wfaen Writing to tbU Advcrtiier, Flew
- THt LMKMC&T STOCK imtniWcAT.
t t Qmplet StocKf lythintamiiwla
BUTTER ASSCHEESE MAKING.
fx lllu.HrM CfcHop.ut,Addrc4
PtpT.E, KAN&A& CITY. f0.
T rou w tbslr Adrt. In till. Paper.
Open at All Hours Day and Night.
All Forms of Baths.
Turkish, Russian, Roman and Electric
With ipadal attoatloa to the application af
Natural Salt Water Bathi
Brraral thata stronger thaa aa water.
Ratamatum, Skin, Blood aad Ntrron Die
Maw, Llvwr aad Kldany TronblM aad Caroalt
AUn&ti are treated (accaaatnll.
Buy be Djojrad at all nmou la oar lew SALT
SWntUINQ POOUital4tfMt.ttoMfwt Smb.
hMted to nallorm Umptratar of SO dagiws.
DBS- M. H- and 1. 0. EYEBETT,
Reduced,: Rates 1
' tea aJMMa fewtwt Mnrkna a
Many Tourist Points.
. . . AMONG THEM . . .
Hot Springs, Deadwood, Rapid City.
8t Paul, Minneapolis, Duluth,
Ashland, Bayfield, Madison,
Milwaukee, Oconomowco. Wis.
And other points too numerous to
tion in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan,
New York, New Hampshire, Vermont,
Maine, Ontario, Etc
For rates, maps, eta, see !
8. A. MOSHKR, A. 8. FlELBtNO,
Gen'lAgV Citr Tkt Act
117 So. 10th St, Lincoln, Nek.
Depots Cor. B and Sth Sts.
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