The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, November 01, 1894, Image 1

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    ) 7
The R&ilro&di and Boodlen Hare Com
pleta Control
And the Nominees will be Subservient
to Their Interests Then Should
be a Change in the Office
of State Treasurer
. Efficient Attorney General Needed
To the People of Nebraska:
In the early history of the Republican
party its conventions were deliberate
representative bodies, which discussed
what measures were best for the welfare
of the public and the party, and no gag
rule to shut off debate was thought of or
For a few years past, however, the
railroads and boodlere have had complete
control of the machinery of the Republi
can party in this state. The fact that
the great corporations controlled the last
Republican state conventions in Nebraska
is proved beyond the shadow of a doubt.
In Lancaster county the sixty dele
gates to the Republican state conven
tion were selected by an employe of one
of the great railways several days after
the county convention adjourned, after
nch employe had examined many per
sons called before him, and without in
any manner being appointed by the Re
publicans in tbatcounty. In other words,
it was solely a delegation chosen by that
interest, and had no more right to repre-
keent the Republican party of Lancaster
county than it had the Republicans of
Sioux county, yet that delegation was
the controlling force that determined the
nomination for governor and other Re
publican candidates on the state ticket.
If this style of selecting delegates is ap
proved by the voters it will not be long
ontil it is applied to all the counties of
the state and the Republicans of a county
be deprived of any voice in the selection
of delegates.
In addition to this, the convention
contained a very large number of politi
cal railway employes of all the lines,
brought there for the purpose of control
ling the convention and did it. No one
will object to a railway employe as a del
egate when chosen by the Republicans oj
bis county or district, but the case is
very different if he is not chosen by the
Republicans but merely by the corpora
tions by some of their peculiar methods.
A public officer should be free and inde
pendent so that he may be prepared to
perform bis duty . faithfully, impartially
and efficiently to the public, whose ser
vant be is.
The Savior said, "no man can serve
two masters," ant experience has proved
the truth of thestatement. Now if a man
is taken up by the great corporations
and boodle element, not because of his
integrity and ability, but because some
of their assistants can hold backdoor
conferences with him, and he will prove
.. subservient to their wishes, a man, if
possible who could not have reached the
position on his merits; such an one is
sure to be governed by the wishes of his
If he is elected he naturally feels under
obligations to the corporations and in
fluences that secured bim the position
. and they thus have a string tied to him,
eo to speak, and as between his creators
and the public he is not a free agent.
Hence the public suffer and the great cor
porations and their allies are favored.
And this will continue so long as the cor
porations and boodle influences are per-
. mitted to control conventions. In every
instance' a man who owes his nomination
and election to the great corporations
ana Doodle influence will lean, uncon
sciously perhaps, in their favor. Abund
ant evidence of this exists on every side.
In other states, like Iowa, the state
board of transportation devotes its time
to the redress of grievances of persons
who have dealings with the railways of
the state. It devotes its time to its
duties and has greatly simplified the
schedule of railway rates and reduced
rates, when necessary, to what seems just
and fair compensation. No attempt has
been made in this state by the state
board to simplify the classification or re
duce rates, although the act giving the
board such power was sustained by the
supreme court seven years ago
Last year a very considerable increase
of rates over those voluntarily estab.
liahed by the company fire years before
. upon baled hay were made over by the
) Elkhorn railroad after a large part of the
i-n nji '"!, iu un IUWL, OllUUUKO TUB
HTSbS wrttisairrpper a: the former rates
were almost nothing; yet the board con-
sented to a part (one-half, I believe,) ol
the increase. ,
There is not a city, town or individual
in the state that is not interested in hav
ing a fair, capable, efficient and independ
ent board of transportation to adjust
the wrongs of discrimination or other
abuse, against the town itself or individ
uals therein. ,
Many reliable life-long Democrats as
sure me that for years past the great cor
porations have kept hired men in their
party in the guise of friends, whose sole
purpose was to create confusion and to
make such nominations in the Democrat
ic party as would inure to the benefit of
the Republican party.
You will probably say, I ought not to
complain of that; but patriotism rises
above partisanship.
I am also assured that it is . very com-
mou for a nominee to au important posi
tion to assure the railway managers that
if elected he will not hurt them. It seems
to me that such a course is destructive of
free government, and that no honorable
man or corporation ought to sanction
it; but I have been furnished with the
names of the parties so employed, and
have no doubt of the truth of the state
It is true Congressman Bryan has
made a gallant fight against the power
and wealth of the corporation machine
and has triumphed and established the
right of Democrats to control their own
conventions; and the opposition to him
showed plainly the unscrupulous methods
resorted to by the great corporations in
seeking to have the alleged ticket of afew
dissenters placed on the ballots as the
Democratic ticket.
In the Maximum freight rate case re
cently tried in the federal court at Omaha,
the suit was brought by stockholders of
the railroads against their own officers
and the board of transportation to en
oin the operation of the Maximum rate
aw upon the ground that the income of
the roads on the investments would not
be sufficient under that law to justify the
reduction in rates. A suit ol this kind
necessarily requires an investigation ol
the amount of freight carried and the
amount received therefor; together with
a statement of rebates and other, deduc
tions and expenses. . The number of pas
sengers carried and amount of lares col
lected, the names of those carried free and
the cause thereof, the salaries paid to
officers and names of each. It also re
quires a statement of the number of em
ployes and the particular business of
each, and a particular investigation of
the expenditure of the revenues of the
road, so that it may appear that the ex
penditure is necessary and legitimate.
In other words a complete statement of
the actual cost of the road, the amount
of bonus received in its construction, the
actual income, stating in detail the
sources and the expenditures in detail
and for what. The parties come into
court of equity asking equiftible relief.
and must show both by their pleadings
and proof that they come with clean
hands and are ready to do equity and
are entitled to relief. On at least two of
the lines of this state there seems to be
good grounds for the charge that secret
reDates are allowed, and that they
amount ordinarily to a very large sum
per annum. The amount of free trans
portation also is very great estimated
by competent observers at from one-
fourth to one-third of the passengers,
and both together at a moderate esti
mate may probably be placed at $1,000,-
uuu per year, was any proof taken no
on any 01 tnese items in tne suit woken
of? If not, why not? The Atchison toad
in Kansas is said to have paid $7,000,
000 in secret rebates. - There are other
matters which might be mentioned in
this connection did time permit.
There is a very general belief that the
interests of the state demand a change in
me management oi tne treasury.
The secretary of the state, auditor of
public accounts, state treasurer, com
missioner of puDiic lands and buildings
and attorney general constitute the
board of transportation, which have
power on a four-fifths vote to appoint
three secretaries to perform the duties of
the board. It will thus be seen that if a
capaoie, fearless, efficient board of anv
of the kinds named is desired, the voters
of tne state must themselves select them.
If a person is nominated by the untram
melled choice of any considerable body of
electors, and is elected and is a capable,
conscientious man, he may be relied upon
to perform his duty faithfully and im
partially, and a board composed of such
men will be faithful and efficient servant
It is suicidal to vote for the men put up
oy tne corporations ana ooodiers. They
believe that their conjectures as to their
influence seldom fail.
The writer speaks from his knowledge,
that the Populists have placed in nomi
nation for all the state offlcesclean capa
ble, faithful and. fearless men who. if
elected, will perform their duties faith
fully, carefully and . efficiently. These
men have as much interest in the pros
perity of the state as it is possible for
any one else to have. Good citizenship
is not dependent upon wealth or power.
These two often make their possessor ar
rogant and overbearing, but it depends
upon integrity and honor and a faithful
performance of duties. Their homes and
all that they have are here, and they are
careful and conservative men. They are
held in high respect by their neighbors
and acquaintances and are goed citizens.
The government of the state will be safe
in such hands. The state is one of the
Deet in the union. There canbenobetter
investment or security than its broad,
fertile acres at a fair valuation. I have
resided in the state nearly thirty-nine
years and it grieves me to hear it tra
duced and to see scarecrows brought out
ana naunted in our faces ,
while the parties behind the scenes laugh
in their sleeves at their cutepeformances.
Some forty years ago certain merchants
from the then slave states announced in
the city of New York that they would
purcnase no goods in tnat city if they
showed hostility to slavery, or of those
who were openly oppressed to slaverv,
and New York would lose their trade and
grass would grow on its streets, and
many of the merchants of that city, as
well as the mayor, cringed before the
slaveholders' threats. A number of mer
chants, however, announced in placards
in bold type, placed in conspicuous places
in their stores, "We sell our goods and
not our principles," and the result was
that even the slaveholders respected them
for their principles and independence and
patronized them in preference to those
wno cringed Defore them. 1- commend
tne application of these principles to
those who are threatening to crack the
drivers' wnip over our heads, and also
to those who in a cowardly manner are
seeRing to cause voters dependent upon
them to sacrifice their manhood by vot
ing contrary to their convictions. A
little more than forty years ago I assist
ed in forming the Republican party. Its
leading principles were "Free soil, free
speech and free men," and from that time
to this, through evil report and good re
port, i nave stood for those principles,
ana au toaay. ,
Ihe questions at issue in this stat
however, are not national but pertain to
our state alone, and they are, "Shall the
citizens of this state govern, or shall the
great corporations and boodlers; and,
second, shall the different departments
of the state be placed on a business hnHin
and conducted honestly and with econo
my; inese questions come home to
every voter in the state. The railways
uuu uooaiers nave attempted to divert
attention from these questions by invit-
iug noiea speaxers use JHcKinley and
Butterworth into the state to dismiss
national issues and by free transporta
tion of brass bands and persons who
would attend these and other meetinira
The rank and file of the party may shout
w ucnaiu ieauers to ineir nearts con
tent, bo that the railways and boodlern
can dictate the nominations. After they
have controlled the conventions and
nominated the persons of their choice
they attempt to use the party whip to
force the rank and file to support their
nominees. A gentleman high upJn the
railroad-republican party recently stated
in writing that the Republican election
of one year ago cost the party $23,000,
and it is intimated that many times that
amount are to be used in this election.
The use of money to corrupt elections is
destructive of Republican government.
No party can justify it. It has tended to
center the wealth of the country in a few
hands by the granting of special privi
leges, and should be discountenanced by
every good citizen. If the Republican
ticket is elected the rail waysand boodlers
will be masters of the situation and we
will have the same ignoring of the wishes
of the people that prevailed for a few
years past, and the same defiance of the
awe of both God and man, thefountains
of justice obstructed, and the same loose
methods, or worse, in the several de
partments and institutions of the state.
The only way to have a reform in the
methods heretofore employed in this
state is to begin anew. In other words
Prom top to bottom. The result will
be, the new board of educational lands
and funds will see that the state has the
benefit of the interest on its own money.
The board of public lands and buildings
will administer the affairs of the various
institutions with diligence, economy and
care. The board of transportation will
speedily correct, abuses in railroad rates:
or otherwise, whether thev arise at Lin
coln, Omaha, Hastings, Kearney, Fre
mont, Norfolk, or other points in the
the state. The boodlers will go out of
the boodle business at the expense of the
state and the railroads become servatns
instead of masters, and the state will go
forward in renewed life and prosperity. I
have as briefly as possible pointed ont a
few of the dangers which will resultto the
state by continuing the great corpora
tions and boodlers in power. Each year
makes them more powerful and atrores-
sive and the unscrupulous methods of
the Tweed ring are employed without
compunction to continue them in power.
i nope tne intelligent voters of this state
will say that "Good eovern men t is far
above party success," and vote forcandi
dates who are neither under obligations
to the great corporations and boodlers,
nor tied to their interests.
I am very respectfully,
Samuel Maxwell.
On the night of Oct 20 the Populists
of Chicago poured out in immense num
bers to hear their leaders at the Auditor
ium. The Times, now Democratic, ad-,
mits that the People's party has grown
steadily since its first organization at
Ulrich's hall, and that it "will conquer
for itself place in the front ranks of the
great political organizations of the day."
v' 1
A Republican Teacher Tells us Mora
. I ADont tne King. .
The following letter received by Profes
sor Jones after we went to press last
week, confirms what evidence we gave
of the existence of an educational ring,
and gives particulars of the acts and
names of some of the members of the
ring. Jt makes very interesting reading
to all except those whose names and
schemes are published. We omit the
closing portion of the letter. The first
and important part to the general pub
lic and to the teaching fraternity is as
follows: ' -
Proi W. A. Jones, Hastings.
- JJE4B Bib: 1 am a school man. 1 am
also a republican. But I am a school
man first. lam, on account of tuy inter-
terestin the public schools of the state,
interested in the election of yourself to
the ofSce of Superintendent because I be-
Ueverom all that i can learn ol you,
and because of what I know of the man
who a candidate on my own ticket,
that you are by all odds the better fitted
of the two for the position.
Now, at the late meeting of the asso
ciation of principals, held in this city, a
caucus was held of some of the men in
attendance, on the matter of the assist
ance that should be given to aid in the
election of the republican candidate. A
committee was appointed by those in
caucus (who assume to represent the ed
ucational interests and to represent the
school men of the state), consisting of
the followfug gentlemen: J. H. Miller,
who needs the superintendency to help
make his paper a success, and who knows
that he can manage the man for whom
he is working, in his own personal inter
est; Dan Miller, of Fremont, a man of
no character, who wants a man who can
be managed by a Fremont printing firm
for their and his own purposes; X . A,
Barton, at present in the Superintend
ent's office, and who is, no doubt, under
promise to be retained there if the man
for whom be is working is elected; v. u.
Pearse, of Beatrice, who bas an am
bition to get into politics, and who, I
am informed, is to be a member of the
state examining committee, and who
represents n one and no interest but
himself and bis own personal interests,
and F. M. Brayton, of Pawnee City, who
is a good man and who Is simply misled
by these schemers. These men are set
ting forth that the republican candidate
is a school man of wide experience, of
broad scholarship, of high character,
and that in every way he is the best man
for the place, while a number of them,
before he was a candidate, sneered at
him as a small man, easily prejudiced, of
no considerable scholarship and devoted
to his own personal advancement with
out great regard to the means used,
provided his methods were not dis
covered. Now all the latter is in line with what,
with an acouaintance of a number of
years, I think of the man. This so-called
committee is doing all in their power to
elect this man to the most important
place in thegift of the people of Nebraska.
It is an outrage. If elected , he will be at
the beck and call of every politician who
bas a scheme to forward. I would sug
gest that through the Populist county
superintendents and others interested in
good Hchoois you might help your own
cause, and ns I believe, the' cause of edu
cation in the state by calling attention
to this political Inovement intended to
elect this man, raude under the false guise
ot friendliness to the interests of educa
tion. It may be sufficient reason for not
giving you my name if I call your atten
tion to the fact that my position in the
state might be jeopardized if it were
known by these men that I have interest
ed myself in this matter. Personally I
have no objection to urge against yo"r
opponent; but the school interests de
mand that a good school man as well as
a man of integrity, should be in the
Superintendent's office.
We ask our readers to give as wide
circulation as possible to the above
letter. Place this paper with the article
marked in the hands of any one whose
vote is not secure for Prof. Jones. Pick
out at least one man and get his vote.
Make each copy go as far as possible and
get it into the bands of teachers. Spe
cial effort is needed to counteract the
last month's work ot this ring. Get
every Republican you can to vote for
Prof. Jones, in order to save the educa
tional Interests of the state from the
hands of a selfish coterie of incompetent
men. Prof. Jones is an educator of the
highest rank, of national renown, incom
parably superior to Corbett, and elected
to office will lift our public schools to the
highest degree of excellence.
An Eloquent Man' Speeches
Clarks, Neb., Oct. 21, 1894.
Editor Wealth Makers: y
Seeing nothing from this neck of the
woods for some time and having had a
real treat of three speeches by L. B. Ir
win of Harlan county, I want to tell you
he is a vote maker. It didn't hear him
at Central City, but he said hehadagobd
crowd out. From there he drove to my
place, Porter Van Wey, congressional
central committee and myself having af-
( y- f-;,
ranged for three meetings for him in the
eounty. - v
The night of the 16th we took him to
his next appointment, the Lane school
house, about three miles away, where he
had a full and very attentive bouse-, The
next night we took him ten miles to the
Scudder schoolhouse, and the next day I
piloted him across the sandbars of the
Platte and he spoke at Stromsburg, Polk
county. The next night he took up the
question of finance and handled it in a
most clear and masterly way, with con
vincing, clinching arguments that held
every one spell-bound for two hours, and
I believe he could have held them an hour
or two longer just as well. He showed
himself to be master ot his subject and
handled it in a way that muss have set
the Republicans and Democrats to think
ing on different lines from what they have
been taught to by the old gang of politi
cians. He is a whole encyclopedia of ref
erence away back before the foundation
of the government. He dropped a few
words tor Porter (of this county, Mer
rick) at the Scudder schoolhouse, which
was a fire-brand to some of the Republi
can old soldiers, they claiming be was
f ledged to vote for Bryan for the Senate
which of course is all bosh), but they
have sprung that on Porter to draw off
as many of the soldier vote as possible in
order to defeat him for the legislature, so
the Republicans can send Thurston to the
senate if possible. But Porter is going
to get there jnst the same. The Republi
can old soldiers are taught to believe
that Bryan will stab them in the back if
be goes to the senate, but they will have
no better friend in congress than Bryan.
B. N. Cleveland.
Corbett Pledged to Serve a School
Snpply Monopoly.
Editor Wealth Makers:
' I have just seen a copy of yonr paper
and read, your article entitled "Another
Conspiracy Discovered." I do not an
ticipate as much influence' on the7eleo-'
tion by the " authorized " republ ican
teachers as your article would imply. I
believe it is not only the teacher's right
out his duty to take part in political
affairs, the same as it is the duty of every
loyal citizen. The influence "the 500"
will be more than offset by more than
twice that number of teachers who will
work for the election of Prof. Jones,
whether they are "authorized" or not
Although I am a populist I was very
anxious to see the republicans re-nom
inate Prof. Goudy. Had they done so I
should have voted for him unless we
should have nominated a better man
and one who would likely follow the line
of policy inaugurated by Prof. Goudy.
I dislike to believe that Prof. Goudy is
doing much to defeat Prof. Jones, for the
following reason: : .
A day or two after the republican con
vention in Omaha, Prof. Goudy visited
our Institute at Creighton. While there
he gave some of the influences used to
defeat him. He stated that a short time
prior to the convention he learned that
Dodge county would oppose him. To
learn the wherefore he sent a friend to
interview Hammond Bros., of Fremont
This friend reported that Hammond
Bros, ft Stevens were engaged in the
business of printing blank books and
supplies for schools and teachers; that1
uoudy bad used bis influence with the
legislature to have officers' books, teach
ers' registers and blanks furnished to
country districts free of expense to the
districts; that this action of Gondy's in
terfered, with their business as publishers.
and they would support no one for nom
ination who would not pledge himself to
try to bave the next legislature refuse to
make an appropriation for such supplies
for country school districts; and that
they should support Prof. Corbett.
The inference is, that Prof. Corbett is eo ,
pledged, since Dodge county supported
him in the convention. This is a ques
tion that affects all country school dis
tricts. '1 he system of having such sup.
plies free to the country schools insures
uniformity as well as cheapness, and each
district is sure to have the books it
needs. Hammonds' claimed that the
books cost the state only about 20
cents, each, whereas they get from 75
cents to $1.00 per book. The amount
saved in any one district is only a few
dollars, but this "conspiracy" is to give
the Hammonds a whack at ten thousand
districts, which would net them a snug
fortune. It is in harmony with the
schemes so much in vogue of late years,
to take a little from each and so accumu
late much in the aggregate. Every
officer in the country school districts is
interested in this matter and should re
member it when voting for State Super
intendent Yours truly,
D. D. Marttndale,
Co. Supt. Knox Co., Nebr. .
Judoe J. E. Lincoln, an able speaker
and hitherto a , leading Democrat of
Missouri,has just publicly joined the Pop
ulist party. He is a brother-in-law of
Congressman Dockery.
That lttmBmen can be rurrd with
Dr. Miles' HEBVfi PJuASTJEB. Only 25a
ifc.-'" ' V- V-rr"
NO. 31
linooln People Jjnised at (he Lexti ef
The Prooestion
Splendid Speeches at the Ban Qrounds
and at Bohanan's HaU Singing , ..
Thrilling Armageddon Songs
A Great Day Presaging Victory,
Lincoln was taken by surprise on Wed
nesday of last week by the Populists who
swarmed in from the county precincts of
the county, with neighborhood bands
and with colors flying. Without adver
tising, without effort to get Populists in
line who live in town, a procession two
miles long, a procession which was forty
minutes passing a given point made ft
appearance and was received with amass
ment and long-faced concern by the Re
publicans of the g. o. p. stronghold.
The Republicans had a state rally here
when Mckinley visited Lincoln and the
railroads brought in on passes all the
bands and people that could be brought
In from all over the state. For those
who would not use passes the fare was
put down to less than a half rate and the
Republican papers stated that fifty pas-,
engercoachesof people were thus brought
to make a crowd McEinley day. The
time of the State Fair was also chosen
and the whole thing was widely and pro
fuaely advertised weeks prior to McKin
ley's coming. TheB. 4 M. closed its
shops, also, and brought in its men from
Havelockr Prices were offered Tor floats, '
and men were hired to tramp and ride in
the procession. So with the attraction,
of their national speaker of greatest re
nown and presidential aspiration of
largest following, with help from the
railroads (in bringing in crowds) which
is given to their own candidates only,
with money to hire music and marchers
and circus attractions, the Reps did
their utmost and made it a state day, a
state and national crowd. And while
they got everybody out on the street to
te the show, it was, all things considered,
small affair.
Our parade last week was local. We '
had only state speakers here. All the
loplecamein their own conveyances,
e did not have the matter advertised '
in town to any extent. And yet our line
of country teams was longer than the,
Republican procession apd it contained
more voters in it. One of the floats was
filled with young men. Over this was in
scribed: 'Our First Vote For Holcomb."
Uuderneath were the words:
"We Have no Money to Hire Bands, '
But we Have the Votes to Bury Tom
Altogether it was a display ol strength
that had effect to both inspire and dis
piritinspiring to the Populists, die-'
piritmg to the corporation corruption-
ists. , ;
At 2:30 p. m. an audience of over 2.000
people gathered at the M. street ball '
park to hear the speaking. The county
chairman, Mr. McNerney, introduced Mr. '
Stevens of Bethany as chairman of the
afternoon and evening meetings, and
with his usual felicity Mr. Stevens -intro
duced the speakers. Mayor Weir, our
candidate for congress from this district .
was the first to address the audience. ,
He spoke briefly, strongly, wittily. Judge
Holcomb followed him in a longer speech
The Judge made a very effective address, '
discussing state issues, tne corporations
and the money question. On the tariff,
what he had to say, that he felt dis
posed to reply to the query, "How do you
stnndjon the tariff question? that 'He was
disposed not to stand on it at all, but to
sit down on it," we thought exceedingly
The wind blew a gale, and the dust flew
thick, making it so hard to speak and
hear that it was deemed advisable to cut
short the afternoon exercises.
In the evening Bohanan's hall was fill
ed with people and the exercises were be
gun with singing by the Bethany Glee
Club, led by Prof. Walter, teacher of
music in Corner University. Prof. Wal
ter has a very fine voice to lead, and he
was most ablv snDDorted bv Mrs. Keiffer
of Cass county, a lady whosevoice should
be a fortune to her. It is the most
musical contralto we have heard in many
a day, and her compass of clear rich
tones is very remarkable. The choir was
under excellent training by Prof. Walter.
The songs were all selections from
Armageddon, our own book, and showed
the surpassingly fine quality of the music
as well as the fitness and force of the
words, to voice the needs and rights and
oppression of the masses. The first selec
tion reudored by the choir was from' page
83, "Right Shall Reign." Thenext, "God
Save the People," page 89, was even a
surprise' to us, for, though having written
Continued on Eighth Page.