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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1894)
October 25, 1894
THE WEALTH MAKERS.
Adopted by the Convention at Om
aha Nebraska, July 4. 1892.
Assembled upon the one hundred and
sixteenth anniversary of the Declaration
of Independence, the People's Party of
America, in their first national conven
tion, invoking upon their action the
blessings of Almighty God, puts forth in
the name, and on behalf of the people of
the country, the following preamble and
declaration of principles:
The conditions which surround us best
justify our co-operation; we meet in the
midst of a nation brought to the verge
of moral, political and material ruin.
Corruption dominates the ballot box,
the legislatures, the Congress, and
touches even the ermine of th
bench. The people are , demoralized;
most of the states have been compelled
to isolate the voters at the polling places
to prevent universal intimidation or
bribery. The newspapers are largely
subsidized or muzzled; public opinion
silenced; business prostrated; our homes
covered with mortgages; labor impover
ished; and the land concentrating in the
hands of the capitalists. The urban
workmen are denied the right of organi
sation for Bfilf-protection; imported pau
perized labor beats down their wages; a
hireling army, unrecognized by our law,
is established to shoot them down; and
they are rapidly degenerating into Euro
pean conditions. The fruits of the toil of
millions are boldly stolen to build up
colossal fortunes for afew, unprecedented
in the history of mankind, and the pos
sessors of these in turn despise the re
public and endanger liberty. From the
same prolific womb of governmental in
justice we breed the two great classes
tramps and millionaires.
The national power to create money
is appropriated to enrich bondholders; a
vast public debt, payable in legal tender
currency, has been funded into gold-bearing
bonds, thereby adding millions to
the burdens of the people.
Silver, which has been accepted as coin
since the dawn of history, has been de
monetized to add to the purchasing pow
er of gold, by decreasing the value of all
forms of property, as well as human la
bor, and the supply of currency is pur
posely abridged to fatten usurers, bank
rupt enterprise, andenslave industry. A
vast conspiracy against mankind has
been organized on two continents, and
it is rapidly taking possession of the
world. If not met and overthrown at
once it forebodes terrible social convul
Glimpses of the World
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The 1 TMl
hwTMflj liuisnwi luuiWTi
VOL.1 VDLH 1 VC3LB
Family Atlas t
of tne world
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sions, the destruction 01 civ:iiznrion, or
the establishment of an absolute riixit
ism. We have witnessed for more tluin
a quarter of a century the struggles of
the two great political parties for power
and plunder, while grievous wrongs have
been inflicted upon the suffering people.
We charge that the controlling influence
dominating both these parties have er
mi t ted the existing dreadful conditions
to develop, without serious effort to
prevent or restrain them.
Neither do they now promise us any
substantial reform. They have agreed
together to ignore, in the coming cam
paign, every issue but one. They pro
pose to drown the outcries of a pi uud red
people with the uproar of a sham bai tut
over the tariff; so that capitalist. corpo
rations, national banks, rings, tru-tx,
watered stock, the demonetization ot sil
ver, and the oppressions ef the uauivia
may all be lost sight of. They proline
tA sacrifice our homes, lives and children
on the altar of Mammon; to destroy the
multitude in order to secure corruption
funds from the millionaires. Assembled
on the anniversary of the birthday of
the nation, and filled with the spirit of
the grand generation of men, who estab
lished our independence, we seek to re
store the government of the Republic to
the hands of "the plain people," with
whose class it originated. We assert our
purposes to be identical with the purpose
of the national constitution: "to forma
more perfect union, establish justice, in
sure domestic tranquility, provide for the
common defense, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty
ourselves and our posterity."
We declare that this republic can only
endure as a free government while built
upon the love of the whole peopleforeach
other and for the nation; that it cannot
be pinned together by bayonets, that the
civil war is over and that every passion
and resentment which grew opt of it must
die with it; and that we must be in fact,
as we are in name, one united brother
hood. Our country finds itself confront
ed by conditions for which there is no
precedent in the history of the world.
Our annual agricultural productions
amount to billions of dollars in value,
which must within a few weeks or months
be exchanged for billions of dollars of
commodities consumed in their produc
tion; the existing currency supply is
wholly inadequate to make thisexchange.
The results are falling prices, the forma
tion of combines and rings, and the im
poverishment of theproduvingclass. We
pledge ourselves that if given power we
will labor to correct these evils by wise
T hese Peerless
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and reasonable legislation, in accordance
with the terms of our platform.
We believe that the powers of govprn
ment in other words, of the people
should be expanded (as in the case of the
postal service) as rapidly and as far as
the (pod sense of an intelligent people,
and the teachings of experience, shall
justify; to the end that oppression, in
justice and poverty shall eventually cease
in the land.
While our sympathies as a party of re
form are naturally upon the side of every
proposition which will tend to make men
intelligent, virtuous and temperate, we
nevertheless regard these questious im
portant as tbey are as secondary to the
great issues now pressing for solution;
and upon which not only our individual
prosperity, but the very existence of free
institutions depends; and we ask all men
to first help us to determine whether we
are to have a republic to administer, be
fore we differ as to the conditions upon
which it is to be administered; believing
that the forces of reform this day organ
ized will never cease to move forward un
til every wrong is righted and equal pri
vileges established for all the men and
women of this country. .
We declare, therefore, """H;.,
UNION OF THE PEOPLE.
First, That the anion of the labor
forces of the United States this day con
summated, shall be permanent and per
petual; may itsspiritenterinto all hearts
for the salvation of the republic and the
uplifting of mankind.
Second, Wealth belongs to him who
creates it; and every dollar taken from
industry, without an equivalent, is rob
bery. "If any man will not work neither
shall he eat." The interests of rural and
civic labor are the same; their enemies
Third. We believe that the time has
come when the railroad corporations
will either own the people or the people
must own the railroads; and should the
government enter upon the work of own
ing and inauagiug the railroads, we
should favor an amendment to the con
stitution by which all persons engaged
in the government service shall be pro
tected by civil service regulations of the
most rigid character, so as to prevent
the increase of the power of the national
administration by the use of such addi
tional gonernmeut employes.
We damand a national currency, safe,
sound and flexible; issued by the general
government only; a full legal tender for
all debts public and private; and that
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The books will be delivered to any subscriber, free
of expense, on receipt of the first payment.
and Stock Book
A complete Cyclopedia for
Farmers and Stockmen.
Prof. Magner's Secret System
of Taming and Educating Un
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Special instructions on Shoe
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Price $B 00, $1.50down and $1.60
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without me use of banktngcorporatione;
a just equitable and efficient means of
distribution direct to the people, at a tax
not to exceed 2 per cent per annum, to
be provided as set forth in the sub-treasury
plan of the Farmers' Alliance, or
some better system; also by payments in
discharge of its obligations for public
We demand free and unlimited coinage
of silver and gold at the present legal
ration ot lo to 1.
e demand that tne amount or cir
culating medium be speedily increased to
not less than f 50 per capita.
We demand a graduated income tax.
We believe that the money of the
country should be kept, as much' as pos
sible, in the bands of the people; and
hence we demand that all state and na
tional revenues shall be limited to the
necessary expenses of the government,
economically and honestly administered
We demand that postal savings banks
be established by the government for the
safe deposit of the earnings of the people
and tne facilitation ot exchange.
Transportation being a means of ex
change and a public necessity; the gov
ernment should own and operate the
railroads in the interest of the people.
The telegraph and telephone, like the
noatofflce svstem, Vising a necessitv, for
the transmissionof news, should be owned
and operated by the government in the
interests of the people.
The land, including ail natural re
sources of wealth, is the heritage of the
people, and should not be monopolized
for speculative purposes; andalien owner
ship of land should be prohibited. All
land now held by railroads and other
corporations in excess of their actual
needs, and all lands now owned by
alieiiR, should be reclaimed by the gov
erument and held for actual settlers
The following resolutions were offered
independent of the platform, and were
adopted, as expressive of the sentiments
of the convention: .
Resolved, That wedemandafree ballot
and a fair count in all elections, and
f)ledge ourselves to secure to it every
egal voter without federal intervention,
through the adoption by the states of
the unperverted Australian secret ballot
Resolved, That the revenue derived from
a graduated income tax should be appli
ed to the reduction of tbeburdenof taxa
tion now levied upon the domestic in
dustries of this vouutry.
Bound in brown silk
this work is the reliable
Delivery on receipt of first
and $1.00 monthly for
with Order Payment
Iltwolvpfi, That we pledge on:' xnppo,
to fair aurf liberal prusiou .u ex-t'u.on
soldier and "allow.
Resolved, Tiia.Kecoudenm the fallacy
of protecting American labor under the
present system, which opens our ports to
the pauper and criminal classes of the
world, and crowd out our wage-earners
and we denounce the present ineffective
law againBt contract labor, and demand
the further restriction of undesirable
Resolved, That we cordially sympa
thize with the efforts of orgauized work
in gmen to shorter the hours of labor and
demaud a rigid enforcement of the exist
ing eight-hour law on government work,
and ask that a penalty clause be added to
Resolved, That we regard the main
tenance of a large standing army of
mercenaries, known as the Piukerton
system, as a menace to our liberties, and
we demand its abolition, and wecondemn
the recent invasion of the Territory of
Wyoming by the hired assassins of
Plutocracy,' assisted by Federal officers.
Resolved, That we commend to the
thoughtful consideration of the people
and the reform press, the legislative sys
tem known as the Initiative and Referen
dum. Resolved, That we favor a constitu
tional provision limiting the office of a
president and vice president to one term,
and providing for the election of the
senators by a direct vote of the people,
Resolved, That we oppose any subsidy
or natioual aid to any private corpora
tion for any purpose.
II. E. Taubeneck, Chairman, Marshall,
. J. II. Turner, Secretary, Georgia.
Lawrence McFaklano, Secretary, New
M. C. Rankin, Treasurer, Terro Haute,
. Indiana. .
Oar 8tte Platform.
We, the People's Indepenpent party of
the state of Nebraska, reaffirm tbe prin-
uiimcb ituu uowu m me natioual platform
adopted at Omaha, July 4. 18U2. We
emphasize the demand for free and un
limited coinage of silver and gold at the
present ratio xo to l. We brand as
treason to labor in every field, and to
labor in every Held, and to the best inter
ests of the whole countrv. the unconrii.
tional repeal by congress of the purchas
ing clause of tbe Sherman act We de
mand both stare and national laws for
the encourageuient and promotion of
tne irrigation oi onr arid and semi-arid
V e demand that conerress shall sneedi.
ly pass a law by which the federal courts
will be prevented from suspending the
operation or a state law at tbe dictation
We demand a liberal service pension to
all honorably discharged union soldiers
and sailors of the late war.
We declare for municipal ownershiD of
street cars, gas and electric light plants
and water works.
We demand compulsory arbitration of
all controversies between employers and
we heartily approve the course of Sen.
ator William V. Allen and Congressmen
W. A. McKeiarhan and O. M. Kem for
their fidelity and loyalty to our entire
interests, and we compliment Congress
man W. J. Bryan, who, though elected as
a Democrat, has given strong support to
many of our reform measures.
We demand a more economical admin.
istration of our state government, and a
more strict accountability of moneys ap
propriated and expended.
We reiterate our demand for a maxi
mum freight rate law or the enforcement
of the one now on our statute books.
We demand the amendment ot. our
state constitution by the adoption of
what are properly known as the initiative
We demand the enforcement of the
present law for the investment of our
permanent school fund as directed, and
not through bond investment companies,
at a loss to said fund or profit to specu
lators and money sharks.
We demand that all officers, both state
and county, be paid a reasonable salary,
in accordance with the labor to be per
formed and the amount of skill required.
and mat ail fees be turned into the gen
eral fund for state and county purposes.
We commend to the favorable consid
eration of the state the building of what
is known as the Gulf & Interstate rail
road, now under process of construction.
We demand that immediate steps be
taken for the relief of the drouth sufferers
of our state, and that some means be
devised to give them employment and
Having stated our demands, we cordi
ally invite all persons who are in sympa
thy with them to co-operate with us, re
gardless of former party affliction!.
HEART DISEASE 30 YEARS I
5hort Breath, Palpitation.
Mr. G. W. McKinsey, postmaster of
Kokomo, Ind., and a brave ex-soldier,
says: 'I had been severely troubled
with heart disease ever since leaving
the army at the close of the late war.
I was troubled with palpitation and
shortness of breath. I could not
sleep on my left side and had pain
around my heart I became so ill
that I was much alarmed, and for
tunately my attention was called to
Dr. Miles' Heart Cure
I decided to try it. The first bottle
made a decided improvement in my
condition, and five bottles have com
pletely cured me."
Q. W. McKINSEY. P. M., Kokomo, Ind.
Dr. Miles Heart Cure Is sold on a positive
guarantee that tbe first bottle will benefit.
All druirirlxta sell It at II. a Hrtttw .
It will be sen t, prepaid, on receipt of price
by tbe Dr. Miles Medical Co., Eikuart,.lnd.
PENDULUM STILL IN
DEEP CONCERN FELT IS EUROPE,
Private Dispatches From I iradla State
That the ( tar's Condition In Morn
Critical Than at Any Time Since .
Ill Illness, While an Official
Keport From Pari Note
a Might Improvement.
London, Uct. The reports
day In regard to the illness of
czar A'f - Russia . are more conflicting
than they have been at any time this
month, Private advices from Livadia
declare that the czar's condition is
more critical than ever and that
ttea th mar . come ; Tvithis tha sext
twenty-four hours in fact, that the
physicians privately express the be
lief that his majesty is not likely to
survive over Sunday. ' From Paris, on
the contrary, comes the positive
statement that at a council of minis
ters to-day, Premier Dupuy notified
Jhose present that he was in receipt
of telegraphic advices stating that
there was a slight improvement in
the czar's condition.
St Petersburg advices of this mor n
ing say that prayers are being offered
up to-day throughout the , Russian
empire for the recover? of the czar,
and it is also stated that great im
patience is manifested at the scanti
ness of official news sent out in re
gard to the condition of his majesty.
Early this afternoon a dispatch
from St. Petersburg announced that
the latest reports received there from
Livadia stated that although the czar
was still alive he was steadily weak
ening. A striking fact in connection with
the czar's illness is the difference of
opinion regarding the exatt nature of
the malady from which he is suffer
ing. The Paris Figaro, for instance,
declares that the symptom disagree
with the usual symptoms of kid"nev
diseases, and states that there is a
conflicting side to the czar's illness
which has perplexed his physicians.
The Figaro adds that one of the
czarina's sisters, a fortnight aco.
received an official communication,
stating that the czar was suffering
from a tumor below the left
kidney, respecting which' the doctors
disagreed, Professor Zacharin being
convinced that it was cancerous and
impossible to operate upon, and that
being his ground for recently inform
ing the czar that he could not polhl v
live, as the disease was incurable.
While Professor Le.vden was more
optimistic and after a careful study
of the symptoms of the czar's trouble,
expressed the belief that it was true
that a tumor existed, but added that
it was of a benign nature and curable.
The Paris Figaro charges that the
czar has been badly cursed and that
tne arrangements lot his care were
finite nf ft nrimitivn nut urn It rinaa
not give its authority for makimr the
latter assertion, bnt the statement is
somewhat unkind as it is known that
the czar's most assidious nurse has
been the czarina, who, according to
rumor, has been breaking down under
the strain of attending continually
opon her dying husband.
THE CZARINA'S HEALTH BROKEN'.
The Cologne Gazette asserts that
the departure of Professor Mersheg-
wski, the specialist in nervous dis
eases, from St. Petersburg for Liva
dia, Was not to take part in the treat- '
ment of the czar, but to treat the
czarina, who is suffering greatly from
Lervousness in consequence of the
tremendous anxiety which she hits
experienced during the past few days.
The first ten days after the czar's
arrival at Livadia, there was an im
provement in his condition, but this
was not continued, and Wednesday
there was a decided turn for the
worse. Thursday night the czar was
so much worse that he finally decided
iu uiBcuuuuue every preparation lor
removal to Crof u. and triple cordons
of police and soldiers were placed
about the palace, while absent mem
bers of the royal family were sum
moned In haste. Yesterday there
was no perceptible change in the
" vuv HUQ IIICU1UC19 Ul
of the family were in constant attend
ance and. for the first time he was
unable to leave his bedroom.
In this city and in all the centers of
Europe there is the deepest interest
in the czar's illness, and expressions
of sympathy are universal. Prayer
services were held in Paris yesterday,
at which President Casimir-Perier,
Premier Dupuy and other notables
The Paris papers write in high - '
words of praise of the czar, but have
undertones of fear for the future.
The papers of Germany and Austria
also comment on the outbursts against
Great Britain in the Russian papers,
and dread the developments of next
Princess Alix, the betrorthed of
the czarowitch, is expected to reach
Livadia Monday. It is reported that
a regency will be proclaimed next
Friday if the czar should live that
Nebraska Bolters Disgasted.
Omaha, Neb., Oct., 33. The leaders
of the Democratic element which
bolted the state convention when fu
sion with the Populists was arrauged,
expressed disgust over the supreme
court's decision declaring the fusion
ticket the regular Democratic nom
inees. nioorafleld Bank Robbers.
Terrb Haute, Ind.,Oct. 22. Detect
ive Rohan of Chicago has identified
the wounded Bloomfield, Ind., bank
robber, who is in jail at Sullivan, as
George West, one of the most notori-safe-blowers
of the West. He was
captured after a desperate fight.
Mother and Itanguten Man clod.
Dorchksteb, Neb., Oc t. 22. Mrs
Mary Sawyer and her two daughters,
aged 10 and 18, were killed yesterday
while driving over the Burlington
tracks near here. The train men are
charged with failing to conform to
regulations as to speed and whistling.
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