Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 18, 1894)
TIIK WEALTH MAKEIiS.
Octotier IS, 1894
A CHALLENGE ACCEPTED.
Sir. Kem and His Supporters
Accept the Test Proixraed by
His Opponents, and are
Willing to Stand or
Fall by it.
"What baa Kem done, anyway T"
This is a favorite question with the crit
ics of Congressman Kem. Their answer
This question is really a challenge to
Mr. Kem and bis supporters to let him
be tried by his record. They willingly
accept the test proposed. Mr. Kem, in
his speech at Kearney, October 20th,
"I stand on my record. It it canuot
be shown that I have done as much as
any republican congressman from Ne
braska, I will resign and retire to pri
The intelligent voters of the Sixth dis
trict are the jury before which this case
is to be tried. Let every candid man
read this article through carefully and
then pass judgment.
First, let us examine the record of work
actually done In the present congress.
Of all the bills introduced in the present
House, only 340 have passed the House.
As there are 356 members, this is less
than au average of one bill per member.
If Kem had got one bill through, he
would have done well, but the record
shows that Mr, Kem originated and'se
cured the passage through the House of
FOUR BILLS. Three of these were
measures of public importance.
Of these four measures, two have al
ready puHHinl thesenateand become laws,
and the other two are almost sure to
pass at the short session next winter.
BOMB COMPAHIH0NS. '
There are ten populiBta in the Ilouso.
The other nine only got four bills
through the House exactly as many as
Mr. Kem alone got through.
The six members from Nebraska got
fifteen bills through the House, of which
Kem got iour, Meiklejohn four, Mercer
and Bryan three each, and Hainer one.
Measured by their importance, Kern's
bills are far superior to those of the re
publican members, as will be seen by the
BILLS OF NEBRASKA MEMBERS.
1. An act (or a charter lor the Iowa and Ne
braska Pontoon Bridge Company (at Sioux
i. An act extending the time ol payment to
purchaser ol landeol the Omaha tribe ot Indiana
In Nubranka, and tor other purposes.
3. An act (or the relief ol Wesley Montgomery.
4. An act authorizing the Issne ot a patent to
the Presbyterian Board ot Home Missions lor
certain Ian on the Omaha Indian Reservation .
for school purposes (pending In the Senate).
McBciB'a Bills: , '
1. An act to fix the times and placet ot hold
ing federal courts In the state and district ot
5. An act lor the relief of Brig. Gen. John R. :
Brooke, U. 8, Army.
S. An act to remove the charge of desertion
standing aKnlnst John W, W acker.
1. An act for the relief of Ben, F. Protect.
2. Aa act to lucrease the penalty lor embezi'e
ment by directors, officers, or agents of National
Banks., (Pending In the Senate.)
I. An act to amend an act entitled "An act
to regulate the liens of Judgments and decrees of
the courts In the U. 8, (Pending In the Senate.)
An act granting a pension to Guy W. Gibson,
(rending in the Senate.)
MR. KEM'S MEASURES.
1. A bill granting homesteaders on
the Sioux Reservation in Nebraska the
right to commute their homesteads after
fourteen months' residence.
The history of this matter is interest
ing. The 51st Congress, over which Czar
Reed presided, on the last day of its last
session passed a bill granting the right
to commute after fourteen months' resi
dence to the settlers on the Sioux Reser
vation in South Dakota, but not grant
ing the right to homesteaders on the
Nebraska side of the line. Nebraska was
then represented in the House by Dorsey,
Connell, and Laws, and in the Senate by
Paddock and Mandsrson all republi
cans. Yet this act of rank discrimination
against Nebraskacitizenspassed without
a word of protest from any of them. In
fact they do not seem to have known
anything about it
Mr. Kem endeavored to have this wrong
rectified during his first term. Mr. Man
derson alaq made an effort. They would
have succeeded if Mr. Manderson had
shown a spirit of friendly co-operation.
. .. r. . ., .... , , . 1
As it was, Mr. Kem got the bill favorably i
reported, but it was crowded out in the :
, . . , ,
rush at the close of the session.
une oi me nrsi uiiis introaucea ac tne '
extra session, was Kern's bill to rectify
thin injustice. The committee on Public
Lands reported it favorably, and Mr.
Kem, himself, wrote the report. Nothing
further was necessary but to call the bill
up in the House for passage. On October
12th, Mr. Kem being sick and confined to
his room, Mr. Meiklejohn called up the
bill, had the report read, and it passed
without opposition; but he took good
care never to mention Kern's name. The
next morning a lengthy dispatch ap
peared in the Omaha Bee giving Mr.
Meiklejohn all the credit and denouncing
Kem for neglecting his constituents.
This false report was, without reasonable
doubt, inspired by Meiklejohn for the pur
pose of injuring Kem. As soon as Mr.
Kem was able, he appeared in the House
and gave Meiklejohn such a complete
dressingdownthat he has notattempted
any such scurvy tricks since. (For a full
report of Mr. Kern's remarks see Record
of October 18, 1893.)
2. A bill providing for the resurvey of
Grant and Hooker counties, Nebraska.
The citizens of those counties have suf
fered great inconvenience on account of
the incorrectness of the original survey.
Boundary lines were all in doubt, and
manv disDUtes arose. Ihey tneJ lor a
long time to secure relief. They wrote to
Senator Manderson and others. Finally,
they wrote to Mr. Kem. He introduced
the bill. In committee a substitute was
adopted, slightly modifying the original
bill, bnt it was Mr. Kern's measure, and
he did all the work of pushing it through.
(See Record of May 11, Page 5540.) Sen
ator Allen got the bill through the sen
ate without delay. 5
3. A bill permitting any settler who
has forfeited, or may hereafter forfeit, his
homestead on account of drouth, sick
res, or other unavoidable casualty,
upon making proof of the facts, to file
upon a new claim just as if he had not
made a former filing. (See Record of
June 22, 1894, Page 7798.)
This is the most important piece of
land legislation enacted by the present
House. Some carping critics have en
deavored to belittle this bill as merely a
duplicate of a law already on the statute
books. There was a law of somewhat
similar import enacted in 189, but it
only gave relief to persons who had for
feited their homestead rights prior to
that date. Mr. Kem's-measure extends
this relief to all who have suffered since
that time, and all who mny suffer here
after. It is therefore a measure of wide
scope and great importance. The bill is
now pending in the Senate, and Senator
Allen is confident of getting it through
that body. . "
4. A bill for the relief of Michael Scan
Ion. ' '
Mr. Scanlon. a Custer county settler,
was compelled, through the dishonesty
of a lund office receiver, to pay out twice
on his claim before he could get a patent.
; This bill simply reimburses liirn for the
"$200 he lost through the receiver's dis
honesty. (See record of July 11, 1894,
As will be seen, three of Mr. Kern's bills
are measures of public importance, and
rank much higher than the bills of repub
lican members from Nebraska.
KEM'S OTHER DILLS.
Mr. Kem has introduced a number of
other bills which can only be briefly re
ferred to in this article.
1. First in importance is his govern
ment banking bill. This bill provides
for the free and unlimited coinage of sil
ver at the ratio of 1G to one; for the coin
ing of the seigniorage, for a uniform legal
tender paper currency to be issued by the
general go vern men t, for an increase of the
currency to about $ 40 per capita, and
or a system of government banks to
take the place of the national banks as
fust as their charters expire. This meas-
urn is of great national importance, but
' of course failed to receive any considera
tion in the present congress.
i 2. " A bill for the relief of Hie several
states of the Union." r
I This bill was introduced in the House
July 30, 1894. At the same time Sena-
: tor Allen introduced the same bill in the
Senate. The bill provides for an immedi
ate issue of 50,000,000 in legal tender
treasury notes, to be distributed among
the states of the union in proportion to
their population. '
Itpro.vides that this money shall be
distributed to the worthy poor. Each
' state is to give its bonds as security for
j the repayment of its quota.
This bill was intended to give immedi-
I ate relief to the thousands and millions
of worthy persons who are the victims
of thepresent hard times. Theimrnediate
passage of this bill would have saved un
told suffering during the coming winter.
It would have given relief to the drouth
sufferers of the West, and theunemployed
masses of the cities. But the Wall Street
leaders of the old parties would not give
it a hearing.
3. A bill to open the abandoned mili
tary reservations of Ft. Hartsuff, Ft.
Sheridan, and Ft. McPherson to settle
ment under the homestead law, settlers
only to be charged the minimum price
under that law $1.25 per acre. Mr.
Kem labored hard to get this bill
through, but failed because the domi
nant party in the House determined to
pursue the policy of selling these lands
to the highest bidder.
4. A bill to provide for lighting the
public buildings and streets of Washing
ton City. This bill proposed to dethrone
n!anf cm a nmnnnnltf wrHinH naa m o il A
. . ... .
untold millions out of this government
, it . ,. . . .
and the citizens of Washington by charg-
. , . . , ,.r
iug exorbitant prices for a poor quality
, , ' , . . ., ,
of cas.and to supply the city with a
, . . ,. 1 , . j
first-class electric light plant, owned and
operated by the government. When Mr.
Kem first introduced a measure of this
kind, the republicans tried to make sport
of him, but since Senator Manderson in
troduced a very similar measure, they
have had nothing to say. ,
5. Mr. Kem introduced four bills for
the relief of private parties, two being
for special pensions. One of these, a bill
granting a pension to Isaac D. Gregg, a
worthy old. soldier, was reported ad
versely. Mr. Meiklejohn, a member of the
committee on invalid pensions, wrote
and signed the adverse report.
A $16,000 APPROPRIATION.
Republican politicians usually estimate
a congressman's success by the appropri
ations he secures. Here again, Mr. Kem
is far ahead of his republican colleagues.
He secured an appropriation of $16,
000 for the re-survey of Gran t and Hooker
counties, and this work will be done and
the money paid out in the near future.
Senator Allen secured its passage through
, Only two other appropriations ot any
size were secured, one of $7,000 by Sena
1 tor Allen, to construct a bridge over the
i v:..i - :.. L'..- ...... ... .. .....1 nd.n.
by Senator Maudernon of $42,000, to re
imburse the state for expense incurred in
calling out the militia at the time of the
Indian outbreak in South Dakota. In
the House, Meiklejohn had charge of the
bridge bill, and Bryan had charge of
Manderson's bill, but all members of the
delegation assisted in putting them
through. So the republican members
have comparatively nothing to show
against the appropriation secured by
AT THE POBT OF DUTY.
"But," says one, "we've heard that
Mr. Kem was never present when the roll
was called." Let's see about that. Here
is the record of yea and nay votes for the
entire long session, beginning December
4, 1893, and ending August 28, 1894:
No. of times Kem voted 1G2
" McKeighan voted 138
" Hainer voted 107
" Meiklejohn voted 98
" Mercer voted 82
" Bryan voted 198
Doesn't look bad for Mr. Kem, does it.
But how about the republican members?
Kem Versus Daugherty.
In his speech at Kearney, October 6th,
Mr. Daugherty, Kern's opponent, said:
"A candidate who makes worthless prom
ises is a demagogue." This is true. Mr.
Daugherty and his friends are making a
great record in this line. According to
their promises, Mr. Daugherty will work
wonders if elected. He will repeal laws
enacted by his party in former years; he
ill reverse his party's policy in the set
tlement of Indian Reservations; he will
have postofflces and mail routes estab
lished just when and where the people
want them. lie will do various and sun
dry other things too numerous to men
tion. If the claims of his supporters are
true, Reed and Burrows and Cannon
won't be "in it" when Daugherty gets
to congress. They will sink to their
proper level, and he will assume the lead
ership of his party.
Such promises are about on a par with
those of the Englishman who promised
the voters, if they would elect him to
Parliament, he would have a law passed
givingeach man "three acres and acow."
Daugherty's platform denounces the
striking down of silver at the late extra
session as the "crime of '93." (He for
got all about the crime of '73.) If that
is correct (and it certainly is), four-fifths
of the republicans in both houses of the
present congress are criminals, for they
voted for that "crime ol '93." Does
Daugherty propose to reform all those
But as a matter of fact this plank in
Mr. Daugherty's platform,; like several
others, was put in for " buncombe." If
he should be elected he will fall into Hue
with his party and fall in very near the
foot of the line at that.
The voters of this district are in no
humor to be trifled with. Empty prom
ises will catch very few votes. The peo
ple of the Sixth District waut a represen
tative in congress who is in line with
Western sentiment, and in hearty sym
pathy with the producing masses. Mr.
Kem has been tried. His bills, his
speeches, and his votes speak for him
All he need say is: "Gentlemen, here is
my record. If you see fit to re-elect me,
I will go right on working, voting, and
speaking as I have done in the past."
We have no desire to eulogize Mr.
Kem. He has no need of eulogies. The
people of this district know him to be an
indefatigable worker for their interests.
They know him to be an honest man and
a gentleman. They know that in the
battle for progress, liberty, and justice,
he is a valiant fighter.
The case is made up. We are content
to leave the decision with the voters at
the polls November 6.
Kem is in favor of a general system of
irrigation under government control and
supervision, lnis does not mean that
he is opposed to irrigation by private
enterprise. He favors irrigation by any
and all feasible means. But he believes
the national government should lend a
helping hand to the people of the west.
He says: "All our people ask is a tem
porary loan of the government's strength
and resources to enable them to establish
a system of irrigation which will make
them independent of climatic, conditions
Every voter who is interested inirriga-
tfon should send for a copy of Mr. Kem's
speech on the subject. Address Jas.
Stockhani, Kearney, Neb.
Mr. Kem is in favor of free sugar, not
like we had it under the McKinley Bill
with a tax of 60 cents tper hundred
pounds on refined sugar, for the benefit
ol the trust, but absolutely free sugar.
Mr. Kem never supported or voted for
the Gorman sugar schedule.
Subscribe for The Wealth Makers.
Deafness Cannot Be Oared
by local applications, as they cannot reach the
diseased portion of ih ear. There Is only
ne way to cure Deafness, and that la by con
stitutional remedies. Deafness Is caused by
an Inflamed condition of the mucous lining of
the Eustachian Tube w hen this tube gets in
flamed yon have a rumbllu sound or Imp r
fect hearing, and when It is entirely rinsed
Bearaese Is the result, and unless the inflama
tion can be taken ont and ibis tube restored to
its normal condition, hearing will be destroyed
forever; nine cases ont of ten are onuscd by
catarrh, which is nothing but an Inflamed oon
dltlon of the mucous surface!
We will give Ooe Hundred Dollars for any
case of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that caa
not be cured by Hall's Catarrh cure. Send
for circulars, free
P. J CHENEY CO., Toledo, a
(VSold by Druggists. Too.
Bill. KEM AS A SPEAKER.
A List of His Speeches with
Extracts Showing Where
He Stands on all the
Though pretending to no distinction
as an orator, Mr. Kem has shown him
self a good speaker, and a ready debater.
On every great question specially involv
ing the principles of his party, Mr. Kem
has spoken at length and ably. His
speeches show careful thought and re
search. He expresses his ideas in plain,
forcible English. He is heard with at
tention on the floor of the House.
In his first term he delivered several
speeches, the most important of which
was in favor of electing United States
senator! by direct vote of the people.
In the present congress he has made
four important speeches:
August 23, 1893, he spoke at length in
favor of free silver coinage and against
the repeal of the Sherman law. This
speech was in answer to a speech de
livered by Congressman Hendrix, a goldj
bug republican from New York. Mr. Kem
completely demolished his opponent.
January 31, 1894, he spoke in defense
of the income tax, making one of the best
speeches in the debate on that subject.
March 4, 1894, he delivered a powerful
speech in favor of the government estab
lishing an electric light plant in Wash
ington, and overthrowing the monster
gas monopoly which holds the national
capital in its clutches.
August 10, 1894, Mr. Kem made a
speech on irrigation. This was in all re
spects the ablest speech in the debate on
this subject. Mr. Kem was only allowed
a short time in this debate, conse
quently only the first part of his speech
was actually delivered. The speech was
printed entire in the Record of August
16th. All his other speeches were de
livered in full. .,
It should be said of Mr. Kem that he
has never iudulged in the habit so popu
lar with cougressmen of getting some
body else to write his speeches. Every
speech he has ever delivered was a Kem
speech from beginning to end.
The following extracts from Mr. Kem's
speeches in congress, though brief, are
sufficient to show clearly where he stands
on the leading issues :
ELECTION OF V. B. SENATORS.
The ballot is the American's only safe
guard, the only medium through which
he can quietly and legally express his de
sires as a citizen, she only peaceable
means by which necessary changes may
be brought about on which rest the
honor and life of the nation.
The right of the majority to rule is the
chief corner stone in the structure of our
The present mode of electing senators
is not only unneccessary, unwise, undem
ocratic, and un-American, but it is ab
solutely dangerous, the tendency being
to centralize power in the hands of the
I believe the time has fully come when
the people should be allowed to say
whether the present method of electing
seiiHtors shall continue, or whether they
Htm l be elected as members of the House
are elected, and compelled to render an
account of their stewardship directly to
the people whom they are supposed to
serve. I, therefore, support this resolu
tion that seeks to change the system.
THE INCOME TAX.
The People's Party platform adopted
at Omaha, July 4, 1892, declared in fa
vor of a graduated incomo tax. It
involves principles of equity and justice
in the collection of revenue that cannot
be reached in any other way.
Under our present system of collecting
revenue, the wealthier men become the
less taxes they pay in proportion to their
ability. Revenues are now collected from
articles of consumption. The man of
moderate income who has a family of
ten to support may consume ten times
as much as the man who has no family
to support but is worth a million dollars.
So that poor man will contribute ten
times aa much to thesupport of the gov
ernment as the old bachelor millionaire,
although the latter receives from the
government protection forone thousand
times as much property as the former.
Should nor, this burden be shifted from
the shoulders of the man who is strug
gling to feed, clothe, and educate his
family, o the shoulders of the financial
giant who is more than able to bear it?
A perfect tax is one which distributes
the burden nmong its citizens in propor
tion to their ability to bear it.
' FREE COINAGE OF SILVER.
I am an American bimetallist who be
lieves in this Government making herown
laws, and particularly her own money,
autl sustaining it regardless of what any
foreign power may do. When we surren
der the right to any nation to dictatethe
kind of money we shall use, we have sur
rendered our liberties, and decay and
death muBt ensue. I have unbounded
faith in the ability of this Government to
maintain her own money system regard
less of England, and, if she can't do thin,
she has no right to a place as an inde
pendent government, and had better sur
render to the powers of Europe at once,
and have them established a protector
ate. ' The masses of the people want free
coinage; they want a greater volume of
money, and if I mistake not the signs of
the times they will have it in the near
future if they have to crush the life out of
both old parties to get it.
I am in favor of paying the last cent
of our indebtedness, regardless of who
may be the creditor, in the same kind of
money in which it was contracted, but I
protest against paying it in dollars
containing 500 grains of silver when the
contract calls for dollars containing but
412)4 grains. Such a proposition is in
famous. I shall vote in favor of the free coinage
of silver on a ratio of 16 to 1, and
against the destruction of one-half of our
metallic money by the combined efforts
of the bondholder and interest-gatherer.
A. lack of confidence, is it ? Then let us
apply the remedy in a common-sense
manner by restoring a sufficient amount
of legal-tender money to meet the busi
ness demands of the country. The
moment we do this confidence, will be at
par, and every avenue of trade opened to
its full capacity. We have been doing
business ao long on confidence with so
little real money behind it, it has become
threadbare, rotten and worn out ; and
I know a little fairy,
A nauhty little elf,
Brimful of tricks and mlsohlef,
The ' Fairy Please-Myself."
She hides in every nursery:
You always know she a there,
When little folks are frettinif,
And then, my dears, bewarel
She's very old, this fairy:
How old, I cannot tell.
But it is very likely,
That Adam knew her well.
How did I know about her?
I'll whisper in your ears:
She often called upon mi
When I was younsr, my dears
Returning; Good for Evil.
Through one of the principal streets
of Berlin on a sunshiny morning,
many years ago, a beautiful lady was
driving in her carriage. People stop
ped to gazeaf ter her, and those who
recognized the sweet face pointed
her J out as Henrietta Sontag, the
groat singer, then at the height ,of
her fa ne. Suddenly the carriage
came to a standstill at an order from
its occupant, whose ears had caught
tht strains of an old familiar ballad.
A wee girlof some six or seven sum
mers, accompanied by a blind woman,
was singing in the roadway. .
Calling the child over to her, Mad
ame Sontag gently inquired her name.
"Nannie, gracious lady," was the
answer given with an Austrian ac
"And who. pray, is the woman
"This is my poor mother, lady. She
was once upon a time a famous singer,
but she lost her voice, and then after
ward she became blind. We have no
friends now, and are obliged to beg
our way from town to town. I earn
a little money by my singing."
"And what is your mother's name,
little one?" ."''.
"Amelia Steininger," replied the
child, who was startled at the look of
surprise that came over the question
er's face the next moment.
. Amelia Steininger! Well did Madame
Sontag remember the name! Years
before, in Vienna, when she, Ilenriette,
was unknown to fame, Steininger,
jealous of the young opera singer's
voice, had raised a storm of opposi
tion, and driven her with hisses from
the Austrian capital.
But all this had long been forgiven,
and Madame Sontag's heart now
ached with pity for the old rival's
misfortune. A number of gentlemen
had by this time gathered round the
carriage, and to them the singer now
"Gentlemen," she began, with tears
of sympathy glistening in her eyes,
"permit me here, on this public place,
to take up a collection for an unhappy
sister from whom God has seen fit to
take His greatest gift the cift of
sight See, here is my p'urse for the
brave little one; you will no. allow it
to remain unfilled?"
A score of eager hands were thrust
out instantly, and gold and silver
coins poured in upon the bewildered
little girl, who could not speak her
thanks for the sobs in her throat.
'Now, Nannie," continued her bene
factress, before driving on, "let me
write down where you live; then go
and tell your mother that her old
friend Ilenriette Sontag will visit her
this afternoon for a chat''
- Madame Sontag did not forget her.
promise, and devoted herself from
that time onward to caring for her
former enemy. And " when at last
Amelia Steininger died, poor little or
phaned Nannie went to live with the
famous queen of song as her adopted
, FrisKy Hauler.
A certain b g dog, whose acquaint
ance 1 made two or three years ago,
had a very lively sense of humor, and
not only liked to play a joke himself,
but could appreciate one that was
turned on him.
His mistress was of slight figure,
weighing less than 10U pounds. In
one of his clumsy rushes of delight
at being allowed to go to walk with
her, he pounced against her, and fair
iy knocked her down. He seemed to
consider it a charming joke, and had
no doubt that she enjoyed it as well
as he did, for from that day he was
always trying to repeat the perform
ance. If she started for a walk, and
wanted his escort through the woods,
he was more than ready to go. He came
bouncing and frolicking about her as
though he were a puppy, always
lainly aiming to dash against her.
She had to dodge him, and finally she
did not dare to leave the steps until
he had calmed himself a little. All
the while he would stand wagging his
tail and looking at her with a mis
chievous expression in his eyes, know
ing, just as well as she did that she
was afraid of him.
When he saw that she would not go
while he behaved so, he quieted down
.ind trotted gravely along beside her,
with all the dignity his position of
protector called for. But the very
next time she made ready for a walk
the same performance was repaated,
and more than a year later the dog
remembered tbi joke and tried to play
it on her again. On others of the fam
ily, of whom he was equally fond, but
who happened to hi of a larger size,
he never tried this particular prank.
He would bound and frisk about, to
be sure, but he did not throw himself
against them, as he did against his
Sometimes, however, the tables were
curned upon him in a droll way. He
was very fond of hunting, and greatly
excited over every woodchuck hole ho
found, always believing that some
day be should succeed in digging one
out, though he never accomplished
that feat. In his daily walks through
the woods with his mistress, there
were certain well-known retreats of
the wily foe that he never passed
without a call One of these was at
the further side of a pasture that bor
dered the woods, where grazed a herd
of cows. Whenever the walk led that
way Balder slipped under the fence,
crossed the field and made his visit to
the woodchuck, sniffing eagerly at the
hole, and throwing out a peck or so of
earth every time.
There were forty or fifty cows in
the field, who evidently had their
opinion of dogs, and one afternoon
when he passed through they all
stopped grazing and fixed their eyes
upon him. He spent his usual five
minutes there, and started back. The
cattle, meanwhile, had plainly been
considering his case, and when he
came along on his usual trtft, paying
no attention to them, they arrived at
a decision. One of them, who had not
a vestige of a horn with which to fight,
took the lead, lowered his head and
started directly for him. Instantly
the whole drove, with one accord,
lowered their heads and started on a
run in the same direction.
The dog understood although he did
not seem to look at them. He dis
dained to run, but he quickened his
trot a little, and just a little more till
the instant they were upon him he
slipped under the fence where he had
gone in. Once outside he stopped
and looked back at them in silence,'
then glanced at his mistress with an.
expressive wag of the tail, which said
as plain as words: "Wasn't that &
joke?" '. ,
This passion for hunting was such
that he would attack: any animal he
met, from a mouse to a grizzly bear,
and one unlucky day he found in the
edge of the woods a porcupine, and
without hesitation flew at hini. In a
few moments the household, which
was not far off, was startled by fearful
cries, with barking and signs of war
fare, and a man was dispatched to see
what was the matter. He rescued the
wildbeast. (which he had sense enough
to know was a friend of the farmer),
and the dog came limping home with
not only his forepaws, but his mouth
full of sharp quills, nis tongue and
the roof of his mouth were completely
covered, and they hung from his
mouth like a fringe. Of course he was
nearly wild, pawing nis mouth and
rolling on the ground in his pain.
Recollections ot au Educated Sioux.
Our wanderings from place to place
afforded us many pleasant experiences
as well as many 'hardships and mis
fortunes. We had several narrow es
capes from death. There were times ,
of plenty and times of scarcity. There
were seasons of happiness and seasons
of sadness. In savage life the early
spring is the 'most trying time, and
almost all the famines occurred at
this period of the year.
The Indians are a patient and clan
nish people; their love for one an
other is stronger than that ot any
civilized people I know. Tf this were
not so, I believe there would have been
tribes of cannibals among them. White
people have been known to kill and
eat their companions in preference to
starving; but Indians never! In
times of famine the adults often de
nied themselves a fair meal in order
to make the food last as long as possi
ble for the children, wh j were not
able to bear hunger as well as the old.
As a people they can go without food
longer than any other nation.
I once passed through one of these
hard springs when we had nothing to
eat for several days. I well remem
ber the six small birds which consti
tuted the breakfast for six families
one morning; and then we had no
dinner or supper to follow it What
a relief that was to me although I
had only a small wing of a small bird
for my share! Soon after this, we
came to a region where buffaloes were
plenty, and we soon forgot a 1 the suf
fering we had just gone through.
bueti was the Indians' wild
When game was plenty and the
shone graciously upon ihein they
got the bitter experiences of
winter before. Little nreDarat.inn
made for the future. They are chil
dren of Nature and occasionally she
whips them with the lashes of expe
rience; yet they are forgetful and
careless. Much of their suffering
might have been prevented by a little
calculation. During the summer,
when nature was at her best and pro
vided abundantly for the savage, it
seemed to me that no life was happier
than his! Food was free lodging
free everything free! All were alike
rich in the summer; and, again, all
were alike poor in the winter and
early spring. Their diseases were
fewer, and were not so destructive as
now, and the Indians' health was gen
erally good. St. Nicholas. '
W'illiam L., aged five, is his little
Bister's senior by a year, but imagines
himself at least twenty in added wis
dom. Not long ago their mother was
having some furniture revarnished,
and the little girl kept talking of
"Bolish," m -aning varnish, when
William L. corrected her.
"Baby," he cried, "don't say 'bol
ish;' it's wolish!"'
Not a Matter or Arithmetic
Little Frances was receiving a les
son in arithmetic.
"Frances," said mamma, "if you
had 15 pears to divide, and there were
fivelittle girls in the room, how many
pears would each little girl get?"
"That would depend on how hun
gry I was, mamma." replied the small
Powered by Open ONI