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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 18, 1894)
October 18, 1894.
A Future Great Industry Ita Pres
The Helianthus or Sunflower has been
grown in some portions of the world as a
garden flower several centuries (or orna
mental purposes. Its value as a com
mercial plant is of comparatively recent
date. It had its first cultivation as an
industry in Russia.
The discovery of sunflower oil, as an
article of food product, was an accident.
It is recorded that a Russian farmer had
procured some sunflower seed, to plant
in his garden, and around his farm, to
prevent sickness among his family. He
had been told it wonld prevent disease.
It occurred to him that there must be
some medical properties in the seed, aud,
prompted by this belief, he determined to
smash some of the seed, and see if he
could detect anything, by taste or smell,
in the way of medicine.
He Dut a Quantity of the seeds in a
mortar, and pounded them into a fine
meal, which he found to be rich in oil and
not in medicine. He strained theoil thus
obtained through a cloth, and found it
to be clear and pleasant to the taste, so
much so that he spread it over bread,
which he ate with a relish, without ex
periencing any inconvenience. Being so
much pleased with his first experience, he
then fried meat with the oil, and used it
Md making bread, with the same satis
He made known his discovery to the
people in the neighborhood, who gave it
the same trial, and united with the farm
er in giving testimony as to its good
qualities as a food product. He was not
content to stop his experiment, in finding
a palatable, table and cooking oil, for the
from which he had pressed the oil, was a
suitable feed for stock, and acting on this
belief, he fed the cake to his cattle and
horses, which they readily consumed,
and, as afterwards proved, was found to
be one of the very bestfeedsforlivestock.
The next year a great number of farmers
in that district planted large acreage in
the sunflower, and commenced a new in
dustry, which has continued to grow and
spread in favor, until a large proportion
of the farmers in southeast Russia have
become engaged in growing this plant as
one of the principal industries of the
For an illustration as to how it has
. grown in favor with the Russians within
the past few years, the following figures,
furni'jhed by an intelligent Russian ex
pert, show the area of land taken up for
sunnower cultivation m mat empire.
For the years of 1886-7, as compared,
with 1881-2, there were 367,889 acres in
There are two varieties of sunflower
seed, known in the markets, designated
as the large, and the small seed. The
small kind are raised exclusively for the
production of oil, whilst the large seeds
are consumed, by the poor classes, for
eating, the same as our American peanut.
In countries where the plant has been
successfully cultivated, it has been very
profitable to the growers, where they
VvOroduce the oil from their own seed,
otherwise the middle man makes most of
the profit. It requires very little ma
chinery, and not expensive, foreach farm
er to grind his seed and press the oil out,
which he sells to the oil mills for refining,
and the cake for stock feed. One of these
farmers who has been growing the sun
flower with satisfactory financial results,
crives the average yield of seeds per acre.
on goiid land, when property prepared
"from 1450 to 1600 pounds, and, at the
usual price paid for seed in that conn try
2ets the grower from ?28 to $dl per
acre." His experience has proven that
to grow the plant profitably, it is neces
sary to have a rich soil, which must be
compact and deep enough to sustain the
long roots of the tali stalk, and the
heavy flower, which needs the direct rays
of the sun, as indicated by the name of
the flower, which is continually turning
its face to the sun, while growiug. The
hotter the weather, the more sunshine,
and moisture in the atmosphere, the
stronger and larger grow the seeds.
The experience ot another grower is
giveu in these words: "Those persons
who have cultivated the sunflower for
thirty-five years (in Russia) find that the
plant does not impoverish the soil, as
most other oil producing plants, ' but
rather improves the land. The best soil
for growing the plant is mold or black
land, mixed with sand. On thin soil,
the seeas grow flat and small, and do not
yield sufficient oil to make it profitable
Fields where potatoes and peas have been
grown without manure, are desirable for
jrrovnnu the plant, it tnrives Dest on
, newly plowed land, provided the soi
does not contain too much clay. The
. sunflower does not thrive profitably in
e1ay suil." Experience of planters has
proven that it can be cultivated in mold
formed from dried marshes, but the soil
must be entirely free from acids. Level
lying land plenty of moisture, near
streams of flowing water, is said to be
the most desirable for its growth, and
where the flower reaches its greatest per
fection. Fresh stable manure should
never be used or the plant will run to
stalk, and does not produce a remunera
tive yield of seed. The ground should be
well covered with old and thoroughly
rotted manure in the fall, aud carefully
plowed and mixed with the earth, so that
it will decompose before the next spring.
Mr. Duncan, an extensive cotton plant
er in'the Mississippi bottom, who visited
liussia last year, for the purpose of gain
ing information in regard to the culture
of the sunflower in that country, gives
his observation as follows: "The Rus
sians, who grow the plant, generally sow
the seeds after a crop of wheat and rye
has been harvested from theland. Some
sow after oats, and buckwheat,buthave
found it less profitable to sow after the
latter, as the buckwheat takes up such a
large per oent. of potassium from the
soil, the flower does not pay. It thrives
and heads well after crops of rye and
Clover, The laud intended to be planted
is thoroughly plowed in the fall, nnd left
until the next spring, at which time the
seeds are sown, either io drills or broad
cast. If in rows, they are planted from
11 to 24 inches apart, depending largely
on the fertility of the soil. On some of
the rich, black lands, they grow from four
to six crops without resting the land.
The Russians estimate that the stalks
and leaves of one crop, if left on theland,
will manure the soil sufficiently, to yield
six or more crops consecutively without
additional fertilizing. The roots of the
stalks soon rot in the' ground and leave
' about one ton of manure per acre in the
' soil, which is very fine for the next crop.
The plant requires but little attention,
and labor, after planting, When it is
about ten or twelve inches high, the field
should be thoroughly cleaned of grass
and weeds. That is all that will be re
quired until harvest. Harvest time var
ies according to soil, climate and the ex
posure of the flower to thesun. Theusu
al tune is fixed, from September first to
October fifteenth. When the seeds are
j fully ripe, the heads of the flower are cut
' from the stalk, and placed in drying
i 6heds, for the purpose of curing them,
i the sHine as curing leaf tobacco. When
j the flower is fully dry, the seeds are
thraxhed from the cups, and ried,
' and run through a fan mill, had are then
readv for the seed mill."
Mr. Duncan continues, "After carefully
examining every feature of this new, and
novel industry, as conducted by the Rus
sians. I am induced to believe that, with
our improved modes of farming, together
with our climate and soil, that the culti
vation of the sunflower can be made one
of the best paying crops that the average
American farmer can raise. When we
take into consideration the great saving
of labor, and expense in producing the
crop ready for market, as com pared with
others, it is wondetui.
A distinguished botanist and chemist
says, i here is no piani Known to me
chemist, that enters more largely into
general use than the sunflower, it only
rival being the cotton plant. The flower
is grown principally for the oil, but there
is no portion ot it, from root to leaves,
but what fills someuseful purpose." The
sunflower products were, like all other
new articles, when first placed before the
public, in competition with goods of the
same class, and they met opposition,
which time aud energy could only over
come. Some persons contended that sunnower
oil was deleterious to health, if taken in
to the system, and should not be recog
nized as a food product, and that the oil
cake was not fit to be used as feed for
stock that it would poison the meat of
thi heef catt e and the milk trom tne
cows. Public opinion changed, and to
day the refined sunflower oil, in Europe,
ranks with the best French and Italian
table and salad oil in point of flavor and
purity. Olive oil is adulterated largely
with sunflower oil, and sold on the mark
et as pure olive oil. In many portions
of the country this oil is preferred to all
others for the table and for cooking pur
An American cnemisi, living av.
Petersburg, in 1868, made a compound
lard, taking sunflower oil as the base,
which was pronounced superior to hogs'
lard, in every respect, for domestic pur
poses. Some of this compound was sent
to a food exposition in Holland, and
took the first prize, as pure refined hogs'
lard. He then produced, from the same
oil, oleomargarine, which also took a
premium as creamery butter. From the
residuum of the oil he manufactured fine
washing and toilet soaps, which are
standard brands in Europe and South
America. Druggists use the refined oil
in preparing liniments, salves, and hair
lotions. When properly treated, it is
used on the most delicate machinery as a
The annual output of all the sunflower
oil mills, in value, is estimated at one
million seven hundred thousand dollars,
for the oil only. Oil cake is put at six
hundred thousand dollars.
The oil cake is largely consumed in
Russia, Germany, England, Sweden,
Denmark, and Holland, as feed for cattle.
The stock raisers and farmers of those
countries regard the oil cake as the best
food to be obtained for cattle. They
claim for it superiority over hemp or rape
seed, for producing flesh on Deei carae;
and equally as good for increasing the
supply of milk in much cows, a uerman
farmer reports that he increased the flesh
on an ox two pounds per day by feeding
on sunflower oil cake. These people also
hold it in high esteem as a horse feed
Thev sav it produces flesh and gives the
hair a lively, slick appearance. The
dried cups are fed to sheep, and the faulty
seed are used as feed for barnyard fowls.
In many sections, where wood is scarce,
the stalks and shells are used as fuel,
which answers asagoodsubstitute. The
ash from the sunflower contains a large
per cent, of potassium. Experiments
have proven that 1,000 pounds of dried
stalks yields 57 pounds of ash, and from
1,000 pounds of ash 350 pounds of the
best potassium is obtained. According
to the analysis of chemists, the ash of the
sunflower contains about 30 per cent, of
potassium, and it is alsoclaimed by these
scientists, that, if the soil is very rich,
the plant will take up 50 per cent, of
potassium. The ashes are sold to soap
makers. From the fiber of the stalk is
manufactured the finest varieties of
writing paper, which bear a close resem
blance in color and texture to parchment.
A Russian capitalist, who is on a tour
of observation in this country, with a
view of investigating the possibility of
engaging in the cultivation of the sun
flower on a large scale, has come to the
conclusion, from what he has seen and
learned of the country and climate, that
there is no place where the plant can be
more successfully and profitably raised
than in the United States, with the sav
ing of labor, an) expense of raising and
preparing the seed for market, certainty
of crops, aud good prices will be a great i
inducement to larmers to try the experi
ment. "Why," said he, "raiseyourcrop,
and you will have a market atyour farms
for every pound of seed you raise. Capi
tal is only waiting for the American
fiirmers to start the enterprise, and a
ready sale for seed, oil, cake, stalks, hulls,
cups and everything belonging to the
sunflower will be in demand."
Home Made Fllosofy.
BI UNKKL PETE,
Milyunairs air the filosofers uv kon
tent. ou kant Hurt plutockrasy bi votiu the
Bairn ticket it duz.
What kongress haint dun fur the peo
ple wood fil a big book.
The religion that iz based on supe haz
a mitey poor foundashun.
The man who prays rite and votes
rong iz tu blind tu git tu heaven.
We kaint trust the preecher who wont
preech agin the hell he sees.
It iz wurth aul the salery a man gits
i now tu defend the reckard uv the Demi
What this kuntry needs az mutch az
ennything else iz a lot uv old fashioned
The fellers what iz got the offices sa
thair party it aul rite, and it ii on the
Thare woodent be enny tramps if thare
wuzent some tramp maikers. The tramp
iz bad enuff, but the man who helps tu
maik hira is 1000 times wurser.
Sivilizashun konsists in steelin a man's
munny and then arrestiu him fur not
When you kant mete a man's argument
the best way tu git even with him iz tu
kaul him a krank.
Bi klose count thare iz 27 different
kinds uv Demikrats with several moar
kiuds a sproutin.
Thare izent mutch differents between
biziness and steelin. I gess steeling iz a
little more respecktibel.
If the church expeckts tu du enny gud
fur God and humanity, it haz got tu get
off the skurts uv aristocracy.
It iz mi kandid opinyun that the low
prices uv horses iz kauzed bi an overpro
dutshun nv gu vernment jackasses.
The ritch cuss kant see the poverty and
distress uv the peepel becoz he has got a
gold dollar tu klose tu hiz ize.
Thare izent half as menny Demikratic
and Reoublikan patriots now az thare
wuz bei the konvenshuns was held.
A big salary duzent hurt a Demikrat
neer as much when he iz drawin uv it at
it duz when a Republikan iz drawin uv
Sum men who air drivin mules ort to
bee in kongress, and sum men who air in
konirress ort tu be drivin mules, and sum
others ort tu be in the penitenshiury
tnakin gimlet handels.
We kant see why it iz not constitoo
shenal fur the guvernment tu isshne
greenbacks tu pa men tu work, when it
iz konceded that it iz knostitushenal to
to isshue them tu pa men tu fite.
Tbe Rapid Concentration of the land
Into Few Hands.
The land-owners increased in number,
between 1880 and 1890, in these United
States, according to the government cen
sus, but 2 per cent while the "renters''
increased 40 per cent. At the same time
the foreign nabobs and combines, after
impoverishing their own countries, and
making their own people peasants, are
coming over here to reduce our popula
tion to the same level. Read the follow
"Immense areas of valuableground are
held by wealthy foreigners, most of whom
are Englishmen. A receut table, widely
published, fixed the total of such alien
holdings at 23,uuu,uuu acres, uisinuuieu
An KnKlish syndicate No. 8, In Texas... 3,(100,000
The Holland Land company. New
Sir Edward Reld and a syndicate In
Viscount Scully, In Illinois 8.OUO.0U0
English syndicate in Mississippi l.KOO.000
Marquis of Tweedale , 1,750,000
Phillips, Marshall Co., London l,3M),t00
German syndicate - 2,100.000
Anttlo-Amertcan syndicate, Mr. Rogers,
president, London 750,000
iir,.,.,. h Eiiuia or London, in MisBlssl-
Iinte of Sutherland 425,000
nritish Land company, in Kansas 820,000
William whnilev. M. P. Peterboro. Eng
land - r L" 310,00
Missouri Land company, Edinburgh,
Robert Tennant, of London 280,000
Dundee Land company, Scotland 247,000
Lord Dun more 120.000
Benjamin Newgas, Liverpool mo u'i
l.nrrt HnnnhtoD. in Florida 60.000
Lord Punraven, Colorado 60.000
English Land company, in Florida ro.ikmi
English Land company. In Arkansas 60,000
ioianrlBr Urant. of London, in Kansas 35,000
vniriiah avnriiratA- renresented by Close
Bros., Wisconsin 110,000
m imianhniituir. nf Halifax. Nova Scotia,
in West Virginia 500.000
Rovson. Danish consul, In Milwaukee 60,000
uimniiri i.Bnil comDsnT, of Edinburgh,
Total - 2S'000,000
"In the face of this startling array it
may well be questioned wnetner our
British cousins did not blunder in calling
attention to the few pitiful sheep farms
hontrht ud by acoupleof American pluto
crats in Scotland. It is fair to add to the
Anglo-American estates above enumerat
ed the enormous holdings in Manhattan
realty bv Sauire William Waldorf Astor,
the rentals of which are being spent for
thp maintenance of English estates and
decrepit Pall Mall journals."
Is that not a startling exhibit? Think
nf it. If that land was divided up into
40 acre tracts it would furnish homes for
575,000 families, of six persons each, or
3,450,000 people. It has been demon
strated in the state of New York that
eleven acres will furnish a living for one
adult person. In France many of the
farms range from one to five and ten
acres. And remember that the only
nolitical party in the United States that
protects against this alien ownership of
land, is the People's party. If they get
into power they will take possession of
those 23,000,000 acres, pay a reasonable
price for them, and throw them open to
actual settlers at cost , price. No man
who is not a citizen or resident of this
country should be permitted to take pos
session of vast areas of our soil aud keep
the children of the country without
homes. It is a villainous outrage that
should be stamped out at once. It is an
attempt to re-enact the history of Ire
land in tins free and powerful country. ,
The People's party and the People's
party alone are making a fight against
this great evil. Read tho land plank of
the Omaha platform. You will find
nothing like it in the platforms of the
two old frauds. Come in widi us, breth
ren, and give the people through the
People's party a chance to redress the
people's wrong. This is the day of fate.
We need you. Ign atius Donnelly.
Creamery Package Mn'fg Company,
DEPT. E, . . . . . KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI.
We Carry the Largest
Engines and Boilers,
from 2 to 76 horse-power.
of any desired capacity,
Creamery Supplies, Etc.
of every description.
IT O M
NEW ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE
and SMlal duntjitlnna Pn. n rk..ia
ifntnit:niined!ii.iir. upon application "Bwreki1
"ft lieu Writing to tuls Adveniserri'losM s job ssw llielrAdvL la tUlt Pspsr.
THE OWNERSHIP OF THE EARTH
There's qnestioa now uprising.
Deep affecting every hearth,
Speedl jg on with speed surprising
'Tla the ownership ot the earth;
And the sag and man ot letters,
Gaiing on the future years.
Bees tbe falling ot the tetters
Sees the drying np ot tears, '
Men are learning now the folly
Ot the claim that man at birth
Is a trespasser, and wholly
Void ot claim Ut mother earth.
Let no tyrant bind thy knowledge
In a cell so cramped and small:
Seek thy lore at nature's college
This fair earth was made for all. '
Think ye that tbe God of nature,
When creation had Its birth.
Dreamed that there would rise a creature
That would buy and sell the earth?
Who should extort from his fellow
'Grinding landlord's tribute high, '
Ere on earth the poor may pillow
Aching head and drooping eye?
Pause and ponder, friend and brother;
'TIs a law ot hellish birth,
That one man must from another
Buy a right to dwell on earth.
But the mind ot man is growing;
Soon tbe writing on the wall
To the tyrant will be showing
That the earth whs made for all. '
Nationalize the Telegraph
The following letter was written by
Hon. James M. Brown, late Postmaster
of Toledo, Ohio:
LONDON, AUg. 1, 1BU4.
An investigation into the rapid transit
of mails into foreign countries, necessari
ly involves the use of the telegraph, be
cause in England, France and Germany
the latter is also monopolized by the
Government, and used asan auxiliary to
the postal service. It may be of interest
to some readers to know- something of
the organization and usefulness of this
arm of the postal service in the largest
pitv nf the world.
The centra te ecraph ofllce ot fcngiana
is located in the Central llo.val Postoflice
building in St. Martin's-Le-Grand, in the
h..nrt, of the trreat city. The staff of this
1 teWranh office on the 12th of
August. 1 85)4, consisted ot a,ai persons,
The uav of operators ranges from $3
to 818.25 per week in the case of men,
and from f2.50 to $9.50 per week in case
The normal hours of duty are eight lor
rinv work and seven for night work. The
wnriipn work onlv between 8 a. m. and 8
p, m., the night work being performed
entirely bv men over twenty years of age
The women are also practically exeuius
from Sunday work, although they are
liable to be called upon in case ol necessi
Cloak and dining rooms are provided
in an adjoining building, approached by
covered bridires from the instrument gal
leries, so that the employes pass between
the two as from one room to another.
Dinners are supplied by a co-operative
arrangement amongst the staff, under
the management of a committee of their
own hodv. whose duty it is to see that
wholesome meals are provided at a cheap
rate. This committee has a cash fund
exceeding $ 100,000 a year. A cup of tea
and bread and butter are also provided
by the Postofflce Department gratis, and
served out at the instruments to those
remaining on duty after 5 p. m. Tbecost
nf this is about 215.000 a year, but the
fact that the employes remain at thei
work, represents, it is claimed, a saving
which more , than counterbalances the
All employes are allowed annual holi
'days, varying from a fortnight to
month, according to grade and the nature
of their employment.
The department maintains a school of
telegraphy, which is attacneo to tne cen
tral office, and all employed areeducated
there, and drafted from thisschool, when
they have attained a fixed standard of
efficiency and as vacancies arise The La
Modern Business Etbica Teaches)
That it is wrong to take, physically.
and appropriate to your own use, that
which belongs to another individual; but
that it is right to take intellectually
through interest, rent and profit, and ap-
propriate to your own use the fruits of
another person's toil. It also teaches
that the first method of securing wealth
without earning it is stealing, or robbery
and that the recipient of such wealth
should be sent to tha penitentiary; that
the second method of securing wealth
without earning it, is business, and that
tbe recipient if successful in making a big
haul should be admitted into the best
society and as a member to the leadin
church in the town, in fact, that he
should be toasted and feasted by all his
fellow citizens as a rewardforhis splendid
business moral (?) qualities. '
Strange as it may seem to the uninitia
ted, so prevalent is the custom to do
homage to the energetic business man
and successful financier, that as a rule
the people whom they rob through their
sharp practices, bow down and worship
them, and their methods by which they
get something for nothing.
H. S. Alky, M. D.
Evansvili.e, Ind., Oct. 15. Ex
President Harrison left here at 9
o'clock this morning on a special train
over the Air line for Indianapolis.
Stops were made at New Albany,
Jeflersonville and other points where
meetings had been arranged.
Stock la the Wert of
FVf d CoofcM
W. Castor, Pres.
, P. Horse, Viee-Prm.
O. L. Lincb.
The Farmers' Mutual Insurance Company of Nebraska.
The Largest, Best and Cheapest
JU OOO 000
Losses Paid Mora Promptly than Any Old Line
and Lightning, wind and Tornado, at on
Assessment. Furnishes Insurance to
Now in F " 2
Effect... q -
Paid in Full and no debt standing against the Company.
Home Office: 245 So, 11th St,
DO ' T .'. :
NEBRASKA MUTUAL finis, uuuiniKua uiuuunsinsuuuHtivuaruiii. urer
half million Insured. Have paid over 1600.00 In losses. Have had but one assessment,
10c per 1100.00. J. Y. X. Bwiqabt, secretary. Lincoln, Meb. fyAgents wanted.
Irrigated Farm Lands
IN THE .
FERTILE SAM LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO.
T HE SAN LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO, is a stretch of level plain about
as large as the State of Connecticut, lying between surrounding ranges
of lofty mountains and watered by the Rio Grande River and a score or
more of small tributary streams. It was the bottom of a great sea, whose de
posits have made a fertile soil on an average more than ten feet deep. The
mountains are covered with great deposits of snow, which melt and furnish
the irrigating canals with water for the farmers' crops.
The Climate is Unrivaled.
Almost perpetual sunshine, and the elevation of about 7,000 feet dispela all
malaria, nor are such pests as chinch bugs, weevil, etc., found there. Flowing
artesian wells are secured at a depth, on an average, of about 100 feet, and at
a cost of about $25.00 each. Such is" the flow that they are being utilized for
irrigating the yards, garden and vegetable crops. The pressure is sufficient to
carry the water, which is pure, all through the farmers' dwellings.
Already several thousand miles of large and small Irrigating canals have been
built and several hundred thousand acres of lands made available for farming
operations. Irrigation is an insurance against failure of crops, because suc
cess is a question only of the proper application of water to them. The loss of
a single corn or wheat crop in Nebraska, for instance, wonld more than equal
the cost of irrigating canals to cover the entire state, so important is the cer
tainty of a full crop return to any agricultural state. The San Luis Valley
will grow j
Snrina wheat oats, barley, peas, hops, beans,
potatoes, vegetables and all kinds of small fruits
and many of the hardier varieties of apples,
pears and all kinds of cherries.
In the yield of all these products ft has nbvbb been surpassed by ant otheb
SECTION OS THE CONTINENT. f
Forty Acres Enough Land.
Forty aches is enough land for the farmer of ordinary means and help. Ue
sides the certainty of return, the yield, under the conditions of proper irriga
tion, will average far more than the 160-acre farms in the Mississippi and
Missouri Valleys, and the outlay for machinery, farming stock, purchase
money, taxes, etc., are proportionately less. There are a hundred thousand
acres of such lands located in the very heart of the San Luis Valley, all within
six miles of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, convenient markets and
shipping stations, for sale at $15.00 per acre. Most of these lands are fenced
and have been under cultivation and in many instances have wells and some
buildings, everything ready to proceed at once to begin farming. A small
cash payment only is required where the purchaser immediately occupies the
premises, and long time at seven per cent, interest is granted for the deferred
A Specially Low Homeseekers Rate
will be made you, your family and friends. Should you settle on these lands
the amount you paid for railroad fare will be credited to you on yonr pay
ments; and remember the laud is perfectly and thoroughly irrigated, and
the land and perpetuel water rights are sold you for less than other sec
tions ask for simply the water rights without the land. No better lands
exist anywhere on EARTH. For further particulars, prices of land, railroad
fare, and all other information call on or address,
(Mention this paper.)
wmm mmmmmm tMsass mshssssssssbi smmmbkb,
Bath House 4.
Corner 14th and M Ets , Lincoln, Neb.
Open at All Hours Day and Night.
All Forma of Baths.
Turkish, Russian, Roman and Electric
With special attention to the appllcatloa ot
Natural Salt Water Baths
Bereral times stronger than sea water.
Rheumatism, Skin, Blood and Nerroas Dis
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Ailments art treated successfully.
mnr be enjoyed at all seasons In our larire SALT
BYVIMMINO POOL, Ml 143 leet, to 10 Imt deep,
seated to oallorm tempera tare ot 80 degrees.
DBS M. H and J. 0 EVERETT,
A. Gbiiiumyib, Treaa.
Farm Mutual Insurance Companj
Company Doing Bnslness. Insure against Fir
far snt. Has ran in re years witnoui any
the Farmers at Actual tost. AU 1
Colorado Land & Immigration Co.,
. - LEJOOLN, NEB
The New Commonwealth.
THB great People's party paper of New
York, and organ of the Co-Operatlve
movement of tbe United States, and Canada.
Price, SO Cents Per Year.
x Sample Copies Free
Address, New Commonwealth,
706 Macon St, Bbookltv, N. T.
Reduced : Rates I
for round trip tickets to
. . . AMONG THEM . . .
Hot Springs, Dead wood. Rapid City.
St. Paul, Minneapolis, Dulnth,
Ashland, Bayfield, Madison,
Milwaukee, Oconomowco, Wis.
And other points too numerous to men
tion in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan,
New York, New Hampshire, Vermont,
Maine, Ontario, Etc. , ? , -
For rates, maps, etc., see
S. A. Mosher, A. S. Fielding,
Gen'l ARt, City T'kt. Agt.
117 So. 1 0th St., Lincoln, Neb.
Depot: Cor. S and 8th Sts.
W. B. LiKca, See'y.
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