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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 11, 1894)
THE WEALTH MAKERS.
Octoler 11, 1894
WHEAT AG AIR LOWER THAR EVER,
Condition of tho Industries In In Bom
ReepecU More Satisfactory Larger
Demand for Iron ProdaeU Than
Tboro Wm m Month Ago De
rM in tho Number of
NiwYobk, Oct 8. Dun's Weekly
Review of Trade says: With the chief
money crop of the West and South
Inking' in value it is not strange that
purchases of manufactured products
are smaller than was expected. Wheat
has touched the lowest point ever
known for options, and cotton the
lowest ever known in any form with
the present classification, and the ac ,
cumulation of stocks in both products
i. discouraging to the purchasers for ,
i- - n- 1
to sell at prices below the ordinary
cost of raising crops and in some
Western states there is also a lament
able failure of the corn crop. Under
the circumstances it would be very
strange if the demand for manufac
tured products should be quite as
large as in other years.
Wheat suffers from accumulation of
stocks in sight, which are far beyond
what is usually expected for the sea
son and the exports in September
were unusually small - For the first
week of October Atlantic exports
were 1,007,373 bushels, against 868,
746 last year; and Western receipts 1
were only 4,815,600 against 6,130,687
last year and these figures give some
encouragement, but little influence in
view of the unusual visible supply.
The price for eash wheat is a small
fraction higher for the week.
Corn receipts at the West have only
been a third as large as they were
last year, with exports amounting to
nothing, but the price has not further .
declined after the heavy fall during
the previous fortnight Pork products
are weak in tone, though only lard is .
quotably lower. I
The condition of the industries is
in some respects more satisfactory.
Evidently there is a larger demand
for iron products than there was a
month ago, although the increase in
output has been somewhat greater
than the increase in the demand, so
that prices steadily tend downward.
Failures for the past week have
219 in the United States, against 320
last year, and 39 in Canada, against
45 last year. ,
THE GENERAL LAND OFFICE.
Commissioner Lamoreaux Submits a Re
port Showing the Work of His Office, j
' Washington, Oct 8. a W. Lamo
reaux, commissioner of the general
land office, in his annual report shows
there has not been as much activity
In publio land matters this year as
previously, due to the hard times in
the West and the consequent decrease
The disposal of land for the year
ending June 30 was as follows: Sold
for cash, 613,826 acres; miscellaneous
entries, 9,763,398 acres; Indian lands,
18,876 acres; total decrease compared
with last year, 1,485,043 acres. The
total cash receipts of the office were
2, 767,824, a decrease of 81,711,909; to
tal agricultural patents issued, 35,255,
a decrease of 8,429. Mineral patents,
1,363; railroad land grants patented,
865.556 acres; approved to states un
der public grants. 817,993 acres; In
dian and miscellaneous, 305,592 acres;
total number of acres patented, 2,533,
735. Surveys amounting to 6,923,487
acres have been approved during the
Colonel W. L Strong and John W. Goff
Nominated for Mayor and Recorder.
New York, Oct 8. Colonel W. L.
Strong, president of the Central Na
tional bank, formerly a country mer
chant at Piqua, Ohio, and John W.
Goff, who has a national fame as
chief counsel of the Lexow investi
gation committee, were yesterday se
cured by the anti-Tammany commit
tee of seventy and afterward also by
the regular Republican convention
to bead the municipal ticket this fall.
Colonel Strong being nominated for
mayor and Mr. Goff for recorder.
Registered Letters Stolen.
Cameron, Ma, Oct 8. From rail
road men it is learned that a through
registered mail pouch has been robbed
of nineteen registered letters. The
records are clear up to St Joseph and
Atchison and the run from Cameron
to Atchison. No arrests have yet
been made. The amount stolen is
unknown. The pouch was cut open
and the letters abstracted. The theft
was discovered in Chicago and evi
dently lies between Cameron and St
Joseph. PostofBce men refuse to talk,
yet admit wrong doing somewhere.
Court Orders a Conductor Reinstated.
ALBUQUiRQtnt, Oct 8. Judge Col
lier, associate justice of the terri
torial supreme court has ordered the
receivers of the Atlantio and Pacific
railroad to reinstate Samuel D.
Heady, as conductor. Heady was dis
charged last July on the ground that
he was a member of the A. R. U. and
in sympathy with the strikers. He
satisfied the court that he was not a
member of the union.
A oong Farmer Shot.
Enterprise, Kan., Oct 6. -Ira
Shepard, a young farmer living
south of the city was shot by a young
man of impaired judgement John
Osborn, who lives here. The trouble
grew out of a debt which , Osborn
says Shepard owes him. . Shepard will
die. , -
Jndge Gaynor Declines.
Brooklyn, N. Y., Oct 8. Judge
Gaynor has declined tho Democratic
nomination for judge of the court of
WOODSON AT REST.
Tho first Secretary of Kuniu Territory
nd Acting fro-Klavery Gorernor.
Coffettili.e, Kan., Oct 8. Daniel
Woodson, first secretary of Kansas
territory and acting governor in
1857-58, died at Claremore last night
The body was taken to Leavenworth
to-day for interment lie was born
In Albemarle county, Virginia, in
1824, and was editor of the Lynchburg
Republican when little more than a
boy. In 1851 he edited the Repub
lican Advocate at Richmond, Va. In
1854 be was offered and accepted the
place of secretary of the territory o f
Kansas, then just formed. lie served
until 1857 when, by reason of a va
cancy in the governor's office, he be
came acting governor, and so served
until Mr. Oeary was appointed. In
1858 he was appointed receiver of
public moneys with headquarters at
Kickapoo, Leavenworth county. When
President Lincoln was inaugurated
he retired from public life and be
came a farmer for a time. Later he
came here and for years was a printer
and village clerk. His three children
live in Leavenworth. During the
past twenty-five years be bad lived a
very obscure life and for over twenty
years had not visited Topeka.
Mr. Woodson was acting governor
during the most turbulent period in
il. I iia wr T
n.aiory oi .ns. no wM
Jj" T wJSE Kd.JLw2
,!ffned te bills passed by the pro-
. siaverv or "boiruB" lAo-isIatur. Hla
last act was the approval of the fugi
tive slave law, which, however, was
never enforced in any way. It pre
scribed the penalty of death to anyone
who should decoy slaves from their
masters or incite them to insurrection
in any way whatsoever.
THE ARMIES OF EUROPE.
Offlolat figures of Interest Compiled by
the War Department.
Washington, Oct 8. The war de
partment has issued from the military
information division of the adjutant
general's office a volume of notes of
organization, armaments and military
progress in American and European
armies. It gives in an epitomized
form the strength and formation of
the more important foreign military
organizations and a detailed descrip
tion of the small arms and side arms
in use at home and abroad.
Some of the figures showing the
military strength of nations given in
this volume are significant in view of
their reliability and possible Eu
ropean wars. The war footings are as
follows: Austro-Hungary, 1,104,175;
Belguim, 140,000; Great Britain (total
regulars and volunteers in England
and colonies, 662,000; France, 2,850,
000 (excluding 350,000 men classed as
auxiliaries); Germany, 3,700,000; Italy,
3,155,036; Russia, 13.014,865; Spain,
tuo.ouo; Switzerland, 486,000.
some idea of the
enormous cost of
maintaining the great military forces j
may be gathered from the statement ,
or annual expenditures on their ac-
t5h. 1 f1 Ae1a,1Ery'
955,235,000; Belgium, (9,346.000; Enar-
land, 89,000,000l France, 127.000,0kJ
Germany. 8118.118.825: Russia, Si 8.-,
849,000; Spain, $28,128,000; Switzer- I
iana, siu,&50,ooo. Thus it appears
the nations named in this list expend
l J lL Mil . 1 . 1
each year in their military establish'
t ments the sum of J831.226.825.
HER REVENGE JUSTIFIED.
Ellen Limner Acquitted for Shooting a
NoTRON.Kan., Oct 8. Ellen Lunney,
who shot dead Eugene McEnroe in a
school house near Lenora July 31 be
cause of cruel wrongs done her, was
acquitted yesterday afternoon by the
jury after twenty-three hour's de
liberation. The court room was
crowded. The defendant was some
what nervous when the jury appeared,
but when the clerk read the verdict
she wept tears of joy, while from the
waiting audience there went up at
first a murmur, then a clapping of
hands and then a loud cheer. Then
she shook the hands of the jurvmen
and left the court room a free woman.
The trial began September 24 and was
the most sensational ever known in
; He Wants to Bo Hanged.
Jersey City, N. J., Oct 8. Paul
Gens, who shot Clara Arnim in Hobo-
ken August 12, will not be tried next
Tuesday, the day set for trial
by Judge Lippincott, simply be
cause he refuses to be tried.
He says he is truiltv and wants
to be hanged as soon as pos
sible. Under a law passed last win
ter the court is restrained from ac
cepting a plea of guilty in capital
cases, and in the dilemma that has
resulted Judge Lippincott has de
cided to refer the matter to the su
preme court in order to obtain an
opinion as to the constitutionality of
tne new law.
Held for Killing Inspector McClare.
Kansas City, Ma, Oct 8. Before a
coroner's jury and many spectators in
the county court house, this morning,
four reputable witnesses positively
Identified "Bill" Adler as the man
who made the murderous assault upon
Postoffice Inspector Jesse T. McClure
in front of McNabb'a saloon on
Eleventh street daring the carnival
Thursday night He was held to the
grand jury for murder. Adler is a
notorious tough and ward heeler.
A Colored Deputy Shot Dead.
Ddnver, CoL, Oct 8. Officer Boy
kin attempted to arrest Milt Smith, a
colored deputy sheriff, on the street
last night for threatening to kill a
colored woman. Smith drew a re
volver, but before he could shoot the
policemnn blew his head off. Smith
bore a bad reputation and was intoxi
cated when the shooting occurred.
A Rich Cherokee Shot Dead.
Van Burks, Ark., Oct 8. Near Sal
lis aw I. T., Nathan Jones, a deputy
United States marshal, shot and in
stantly killed Newton Fry, one of the
wealthiest Cherokees in that part of
the nation. Fry shot at Jones and
was attempting to fire again when
killed. Jones was guarding a pris
oner whom Fry was desirous of re
leasing. There is a strike on the Sues canal
and the company has called upon
France for aid-
OUR BOYS AND GIRLS.
STORIES AND GAMES FOR THE
How Bricks Were Made When the World
Was Young The Came of Soldiers
The Doll's Wooing The Small Boy's
A Chapter on Bricks.
The firstautbentic account of brick
making is in the bible. It is some
time after the deluge. We are told
that "the descendants of Noah found
a plain in the land of Shinar, and they
dwelt there. And they said one to
another, go to, let us make brick, and
burn them thoroughly. And they
had brick for stone and slime for mor
tar." That was at the beginning of the
building of the Tower of Babel, about
4,000 years ago. Excavations have
been made there in recent years. The
ruins of the tower are. 2,386 feet in
circumference, a solid mass of earth
and brick, rising to a height of 200
feet The slime used for mortar was
of such a durable character that to
day one brick can hardly be separated
The briok-making of the Israelites,
in Egypt, of which we also read in
the bible, was different from that in
the plain of Shinar. The Egyptians
used straw to mix with their clay,
probably for the purpose of making
the bricks lighter. The Egyptian
brick were adobes, or sun-baked.
The Assyrians, the most powerful
nation in old bible times, used brick,
mostly, as building material for their
cities. Nineveh was built largely of
brick, and on each brick one or more
letters were stamped. The city of
Babylon was also built of brick. The
Babylonian bricks, too, have letters
stamped upon them, but the letters
are put on in a different style from
those at Nineveh. On the Assyrian
brick the letters were put on one at, a
time, while on the Babylonian they
were put on together in a line, and
these letters are history. They tell
us that the city was built by Nebu
chadnezzar, the son of Nebubatuchun.
The ancients made bricks in all
shapes, to fit different parts of their
buildings. Some were square, some
were oblong and some were wedge
shaped, In color, too, they were all
shades, from the color of the earth in
the sun-baked bricks to the black,
green, red. blue, white and yellow In
the kiln-burned, as shown by recent
We are told by Homer, I think, that
Poseidon and Apollo built a wall
around the city of Troy. This wall
was made partly of rock and partly of
brick. The city itself was built
mostly of brick of the sun-baked kind,
eoePfc the yal Pal 'ew
. v -u- , , 1
th?r, blldlnTs. which the ma-
tenal used was stone. Dr. Schlie-
nm, the excavator of Troy, found
in the ruins of that city every evi
dence of it having been destroyed by
fire. The stones that had been ex
posed to the flames, when 'laid bare
so that the air could strike them,
would crumble to pieces while the
brick had been burned so hard that
the atmosphere had no effect upon
them, and they were almost as good
as new. Philadelphia Times.
The Game of Soldiers.
Two peanuts, some wooden tooth
picks or sharpened matches and a bit
of cork will make a fine soldier. Stick
one peanut on the other by inserting
a piece of toothpick in them both.
The upper one is placed with the
smaller end down, the end that has a
little curving point ou one side. This
is made into a chin by drawing whis
kers over it with a pen. Above the
whiskers put a mustached mouth, a
nose and eyes, and blacken the rest
with ink or paint for a tall hat.
Put ink buttons down the lower
peanut, also a belt; then fasten arms
on the sides, one holding a gun whit
tled from a piece of match.
Legs of wood are stuck in this body,
holes being made first with a pen
knife point, and the ends, well sharp
ened, are run into a slice of cork cut
from a cork about an inch or more in
diameter. The soldier must be bal
anced, so that he will stand up,
though being very light he will fall
down easily and add to the fun of
the game. Another kind of soldier
can be cut out 01 business cards,
which any boy or girl can get for the
asking. Cut out with flaps on the bot
tom of the feet, fold the naps of the
feet in opposite directions, and glue
to a small piece of card, after mark
ing the cap, face and uniform with
ink or pencil.
When you have made a whole regi
ment of either kind, get your cannons
ready. The cannons are made of
spools, whose flaring ends have been
cut off, or of pieces of bamboo, which
will give a chance for larger muzzles.
Fasten a piece of elastic on the spool,
laying each end of the elastic on one
side of the spool, and winding it
securely with sewing silk.
Lay the spool on the block that has
been slightly hollowed out for it and
wind it with stout slender cord.
Make a plunger to fit the hole in the
spool, the round part being just the
same length. Leave a square block
at the end to stop the plunger when
shooting. Fit the elastic around this
square end, and the cannon is ready.
Use dried peas for ammunition.
Now all is ready for the game,
which is played by two. Divide the
soldiers, and have a cannon for each
side. Stand the soldiers up, and let
each side take turns shooting. After
a certain number of rounds have been
shot off, the one having the most men
standing is victorious.
Bow to Make Lemon Drop.
For these and ' ail kinds of sugar
candy some coloring is needed. Put
Me pound of sifted sugar into a
basin; stir into this enough lemon
juice to make a thick paste, and add a
little yellow coloring, put the mix
ture into a pan, heat it over a clear
fire without letting it boil; drop it in
small balls on tin plates. When cold
remove them with a knife without
breaking them, and dry them in a
cool oven on sheets of paper.
Bis First Errand.
He was a small boy, but he slipped
the two cents carefully into his trou
sers pocket and paid strict attentio
while told to mail a letter with I
then go to the store and get
sugar and tea, and tell the mercha
that papa would settle for them.
I So, basket in hand, the little felld
set out for town, certain that
would not forget In due time he i
turned, highly elated with his succe
"The man asked me if I had
stamp for my letter," he explained
"I told him I hadn't but when hi
found out whose bov I was he sa'
he'd send it anyway.
I 'Then I went to the store and as
i the man there how much sugar a
I would buv. He said 'about w
little boy could eat' I knew
I wasn't enough, so I told him I'
; two cents' worth of sugar,
'please, can ma borrow a draw
.tea?' That' what Susie Brow:
one day when she came to our hi
' "So he put up a big lot ani
brought it home in my basket a
ain't I a good boy?"
I He finished with so much assurai
that hla parents reserved espial
tions for the postmaster - and ft
grocer, and with an appreciative
1 21- Jl 1 J .L J 1 4:i 1
biiimo uiaiuiaaea vneir errauu-wujr mu
he should grow older and wiser.
The Doll's Wooing.
The little Frenoh doll was a dear little doll
I Tricked out In the sweetest of dresses
Her eyes were of hue
A most delicate blue
. And as dark as night were her tresses:
' Her dear little mouth was fluted and red,
. And this little French doll was so very well
, That whenever accosted her little mouth said:
I "Mammal Mamma!"
The stockinet doll with one arm and one lee,
Had once been a handsome young fellow,
But now he appeared
Bather frowzy and bleared
In his torn regimentals of yellow:
! Vet his heart save a ourlous thump as he lay
' tn the little toy cart near the window one da
, And heard the sweet voice of that French dol
"Mammal Mamma! "
He listened so lone and he listened so hard
That anon he grew ever so tender.
For it's everywhere known
That the feminine tone
Gets away with all masculine sender.
He up and he wooed her with soldierly test,
But all she'd reply to the lore he professed
Were these plaintive words (which perhaps
you have ituessed): ,
Her mother a sweet little lady of five-
Vouchsafed her parental protection,
' And although stockinet
Wasn't blue-blooded yet.
She really could make no objection.
So soldier and dolly were wedded one day,
And a moment ago, as I journeyed that w ay,
I'm sure that I heard a wee baby voice say;
Eugene Field In the Chicago 1 eoord.
Helen and the Horse.
Helen's papa was leading (or trying
to lead) a fractious young horse into
the barn, and Helen was watching
the proceeding from the dining-room
window with great interest
"Did your papa get Tip in the
barn?" asked her grandmother.
"He got some of him in, grandma. "
The horse really had his forefeet
across the threshold and refused to
go any farther.
On another occasion this same little
girl wanted to go riding behind this
same horse, but her grandmother ob
jected, as be had a habit of kicking.
"Oh, but, grandma, the 'kickness is
all out of him now." Inter Ocean.
A Little Girl's Hymn. '
It was in a little country place
where the good old hymns are still in
vogue. ; One hymn has two lines run
ning this way:
Then the Lord will Uzht the scene
With the angels' starry sheen.
Which one little girl rendered thus:
Then the Lord will light the scene
With the angels' "star machine. ".
As they welcome us to Zion's hill
The same little girl sang with great
. Leave that poor old "stand erect,"
And pull for the shore.
The expression "stand erect," was
much more familiar to her than
At the Head of tho Class.
"Well, Elizabeth, you are at the
head of your class to-day. How did
you manage it?" 1
"Why, tho teacher asked Mary
Small how many are five and seven,
and she said thirteen. He said that
was too many; then-he asked Jose
phine Little and she said eleven and
that wasn't enough, so I thought I'd
try twelve and I guessed it right."
"Bless me, my boy," said the coun
try uncle, "there's no end of fun
down at our placet You must come
and see us in time for the husking
"Deah met" said the city nephew,
nervously, "I shouldn't care evah to
husk a bee, unless some one would
first wemove the sting!"
William Mother, may I have a
biscuit with butter on it?
Mother No, my son; if you are hun
gry, you will enjoy your bread with
out butter. .
Little Sister Mother, I am not
hungry; may I have a biscuit with
butter on it?
Boil one pint of syrup to a caramel,
add twenty drops of essence of lemon,
and pour it out in rows on a mar
ble slab; when nearly cold lift up the
nd with the tip of a knife, and twist
the sugar as you detach each end with
A Useless Member.
"Mamma, have I an eye-tooth?"
"Yes, Johnny. Why?"
"Why, because if I have I can't see
anything with it." Puck.
THE FARM AND HOME.
SUCCESSFUL DAIRYING FOR
THE COMMON FARMER.
Grading l"p the Herd to a ProStabla Point
Roots for eed M o r--i l j Ap p I e
Needed The Sam"'
Notes and Hom
give irom o.uuu to y,uuu pounds o:
milk during the season; 6,000 pounds
would be a good average. From Jan
uary 8, 1891, to January 6, 1892, the
patrons' of the Norton ville cheese fac
tory received sixty-eight cents per
100 pounds for- their milk. From
January, 1892, to January, 1893, they
will have received seventy cents per
100. At these figures a cow giving
6,000 pounds of milk would give to
her owner in a season $40, fully the
market value of the cow. By using a
Shorthorn bull from a good milking
family and carefully selecting the
cows, better results than this might
The time required to take care of a
dairy of from six to twelve cows
would interfere but little with the
other business of the farm. One hour
night and morning would do the
work. Of course there must be a
good supply of feed and water and
some convenience for milking, but a
building for the latter purpose can
be built cheaply at the present price
At the present day creameries and
cheese factories will be built in
neighborhoods where there is suffi
cient milk to justify the enterprise.
Sending of milk to these factories
greatly lightens the labor at the
home, but even if the factories can
not be reached, we still think it will
pay the common farmer to give at
tention to the dairy, for in all our
cities and towns there is a good de
mand for a good article of home-made
butter, and a good article can be
made on any farm, by the use of
We believe that the successful
farmer of to-day must be progressive,
take advantage of useful improve
ments and patronize every new in
dustry connected with his calling.
The farmer that still adheres to old
methods and old ideas and runs in
the old ruts, will surely come out
behind in the race.
The hammer Hog.
Summer is the time of year fef the
farmer to remember that the hog is
s grazing animal, and not keep him
shut up in a nasty muddy pen
where he must wallow in his own ex
crement I am acquainted with an Eas tern
dairyman who eschews sheep raising
as an auxilliary to the dairy and
rears swine for an extra income. He
raised 1,000 bushels of corn last sea
son, something uncommon for a New
York dairyman, which he turned into
pork at a profit. This year he has a
large herd of swine running in a pas
ture by themselves; not with the
cows, as he is too wise a dairyman
for that He carries his milk to a
cheese factory, and feeds the result
ing whey to the hogs. They will
get half of their living by grazing
this summer, and to keep them in
good growing order the remainder of
the diet will consist of whey, with
shorts and a little corn-meal '
Remember that all of this time
they will have a clean, sweet pasture
in which to run, and will have pure
water to drink like the cows. The
animals will grow like weeds, and
their pork will be as healthy as
nature can make. This gentleman
It situated near a corn canning
factory, and next fall he will try the
jxperiment of buying for a nominal
sum per load the fresh cobs from
which the green sweet corn has been
jut He will feed these to his swina
preparatory to fattening them, and
as the corn is not cut closely the
green cobs ' ought to contain much
nutriment- National Stockman.
Boots for Feed.
The cheapest winter feed for swine
is roots. They may not have so
much nutriment in themselves, but
they cause the hog to get more out
of his other feed, just as good cloyer
pasture causes the hog to get more
out of grain. Turnips and ruta
bagas may be grown on the land from
which early potatoes or sweet corn
has been , removed; or a piece of
clover sod may be broken up after
the hay is harvested.
Don't lean over the fence to pour
the slop in the pigs1 trough. The
fighting pigs will cause you to spill a
good part of the slop, and resting
your weight on your 'abdomen sup
ported by a rail is not healthful exer
cise. Pass a trough through the pen
into the other trough. And if you
nail a board over the top of the first
trough, the pigs cannot stop it with
their noses and waste the slop when
it is poured in.
The old-fashioned, way is to. dip
the buckets in the slop ' barrel, lift
them out with a hard, high lift all
dripping and overflowing with the
greasy stuff, and so carry them. Of
course the man that does that, gets
greasy, dirty clothes. The new way
is to set the barrel up on blocks and
dish out a place for the bucket to set
and then put a big faucet in the bar
rel This way there is no hard lift
ing, no buckets greasy on the out
side, no drip or overflow.
A little pains to sun-scald the
troughs, if they get sour under cover,
will pay. If it be damp and cloudy
scald them out with boiling water
and feed a few handfuls of powdered
charcoal to correct acidity of the
hog's stomach. Farm Journal.
More Early Apples Needed.
All kinds of early apples bring
good prices. They are known as
"harvest apples," because they ripen
during the grain harvest, and this
explains in part the reason of their
higher price. The older orchards
were planted or grafted when grain
was the principal crop, and fruit of
any kind was only incidental, bo
hundreds of late fall and winter
apples were planted for the market,
while only two or three were pro
vided for home use. Yet these early
apples are generally surer bearers
every year than are the later fruit,
and would probably be more sure yet
to bear if the trees were manured
with stable manure and potash every
winter. The reason why early apples
need higher manuring is because the
nitrogen and potash in the soil only
begins to become available about
midsummer, at the time when the
ripening of summer apples ought to
be completed. The same necessity
exists for extra manuring of the
earliest ripening peaches and pears.
Orchard grass is a good grass, and
it will grow where the shade pre
vents the growing of other grasses.
The American Cultivator kills
Canada thistles by plowing as deep
as possible when they are in full
When a cow is fed just before she
is milked she expects it, and if she
does not get it she may not give
down her milk.
Feeding hay instead of grass while
the calf is on milk is practiced by
some. It is claimed that the bowels
keep in better condition.
Thirty to forty pounds of good
corn ensilage fed in the morning is
about what a cow should have of
Shat kind of feed for the day.
The work horse will relish a mix
ture of wheat bran and soaked corn
say three quarts of bran to six
ears of corn. Horses become tired
of corn alone.
The sweat from the horse unites
with ammonia and oil and makes a
very rotting product for harness,
which necessitates special care of
harness in summer.
Stock should not be allowed to be
come salt hungry. They are more
likely to hurt themselves when they
do get to sal.t. The best plan is to
keep salt where they can help them- V""
selves at any tima
Place a shallow dish of charcoal in
the ice chest to keep it sweet
The clothes will be whitened by
putting a teaspoonful of borax in the
Powdered borax, while harmless to
mankind is destructive to roaches.
ants, and other vermin.
Ripo tomatoes, it is said, will
move ink and other stains from
the hands; also from white cloth.
Kate Field says that perhaps
noble race may be evolved out
fried meat, hot soda biscuits, ice
water and the great American pie,
but she doesn't believe it
The most nauseous physic may be
given to children without trouble by
previously letting them suck a
peppermint lozenge, a piece of alum
or a bit of orange peeL Many peo
ple make the mistake of giving a
sweet afterwards to take awav th
disagreeable taste; it is far better to
destroy It in the first instance.
flannels should never be wrung or
Ironed, says a writer in the New
York Ledger. They should be first
dipped in quite hot ,suds, then rinsed
in water of about the same tempera
ture, in which a little soap has been
put To get rid of the first suds
they should be gently pressed, and
after inslng be pinned out on lines
without any wringing or pressing
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