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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1894)
THE WEALTH MAKERS.
THE FARM AND HOME.
SPREADING LABOR OVER TOO
LARGE AN AREA.
Tb Splendid Results of Intensive Farm
ing Watering the Cows Saccese and
Graaa Harb.d Wlr Farm Notes mod
The figures given in the clipping
below are calculated to make Western
farmers think. They Indicate some
very handsome profits. How were
they obtained? is a question Missouri
farmers would like to have answered.
Is it possible to get such here? No
one will for a moment assume that
our natural conditions of soil and
climate are not equal to those of
Massachusetts. Why then can't we
produce as big crops? Are we lack
ing in intelligence and skill? I fear
we are, but not necessarily bo.
Western farmers have not heretofore
felt the necessity of extra mental ex
ertion in making farming pay. As
they come to realize their needs in
this direction they will aoquire as
fully as do their Eastern brothers
that technical information which
success demands shall be used in
farming as in other callings, and to
give this will patronize the agri
cultural college, attend farmers' in
stitutes and read agricultural papers.
But these crops were obtained
from very small acres; can such be
got from large acres? asks Levi
Chubbuck in the Rural World. Up to
reasonable limit, there is no reason
why the same skill and expenditure
of a proportionate amount of labor
should not produce proportionate re
sults from large as from small acres;
indeed, there are advantages in econ
omy of labor and value of machinery
In the large over the small farm.
The trouble with the great majority
of farmers, particularly here in the
West, is that they are trying to
spread a given amount of labor over
too large an area, spreading it out so
thin that only thin crops result, for
getting that big profits ' come from
getting I'M bushels of corn from one
acre rather tnan from three, and
saving interest and taxes, and labor
of planting, etc. on two acres. Look
at some of the figures showing cost
of producing the crops mentioned in
the clipping. When would we think
of expending $87.50 in producing an
acre of corn? I don't think we need
to expend anything near that amount
in value to give maximum crops, for
if it was necessary there would be no
profit to us with the low prices ob
But why, we may ask, are prices
for farm products so much lower
here than in the East? Only that
there are more to feed there in pro
portion to producers than here. This
then seems to be the problem to
solve, so far as concerns profitable
Western farming.how to increase the
number of home consumers of our
producta We can do this, in effect,
in one way, and that is by imitating
the example of many Eastern farmers
and "abandon" some of our farm
land, at least for a season; seed it
down to grass. Much has been said
in recent years about "abandoned
New England farms." when the mat
ter is investigated, it is found that
the large part of this "abandoned"
farm land is such that' Missouri
farmers would never have thought
of trying to farm, it is so poor and
rough, and is now being allowed to
grow up to timber, and the farmers
are putting their time and labor on
a reduced area of the best land, with
such results as to prove the wisdom
of the policy, and silence those who
have been saying that farming in
New England -did not pay.
We hear in the West might learn a
lesson from this:
Some Prize Massachusetts Crops.
E. C. Little. Haverhill, Mass., raised
the premium crop of potatoes, 251
bushels, on one-half an acre, worth
$190. V0 at a cost of $59.50. The pro
fit was $131.40 or $262.80 per acre.
The same gentleman raised 49 bush
els of mangel beets on lot! rods of
ground at a cost of $25.65 and values
the same at $'273; profit $187.85. The
only reason this man (as well as
many others) is not a millionaire is
because he does not do business
enough. D. A. Carleton, North
Andover, Mass.. raised one-half acre
of cabbage worth $150 at a cost of
$51; profit per acre, $198. 0. C.
Blunt of Andover raised one-half
acre of carrots worth $162.50 at cost
of $54.75, profit per acre $215.50; also
one-half acre of parsnips worth at $1
per bushel $295 at a cost of $66. 50,
profit per acre $157, and ono-half
acre of turnips yielding 350 bushels
worth $175 at a cost of $15.35; profit
per acre $319.30. H. M. Killam,
West Boxford, grew one acre of corn
on which the corn and stover was
worth $107.80 at a cost of $87.50;
profit $20.80. N. E. Farmer.
Success and Grata.
In every system of farming, well
kept grass land, and a large propor
tion of the cultivated area main
tained in grass, have formed the
foundation of animal industry. In
asmuch as we must have grass land
for hay, it is important to consider
how mueh land ve should use, and
what quantity and quality of herb
age we should produce.
I have never known a successful
farmer who could not manage well
his grass lands. The conclusion is
forced on us that every cattle man
who has achieved distinction as a
cultivator, won it by learning how to
grow, for the least amount of money,
what is admitted to be the costliest
ingredient of an animal's ration.
How shall grass be maintained
without too often breaking the soil
for seeding P In relayinr the grass
, land, what crops shall we plant, and
how long shall we crop before re
eeding? On general principles, it
is perhaps best to lay down the rule
that all land should be re-nreded to
grass after two years of hoed crops.
My own preference is corn on sod,
followed by a root crop. This per
mits of thorough clean'ng on land
that can be easily worked, and yields
two of the most useful crops to a
dairyman. Variety of plants is na
ture's favorite combination for sus
taining animals when grass is the
exclusive food. Professor James
A year ago last winter the cows of
John Gould seemed inclined to drink
at least twice per day, usually drink
ing about six gallons each at 4 p. m..
in addition to their morning draught.
Last winter the same cows, on sub
stantially the same ration, save that
more clover hay is being fed with the
silage, refuse to drink at night, only
now and then a cow drinking one
pailfuL At the Minnesota dairy
school barn be found the same thing
to exist, and, as in his own barn, the
cows consumed as much water at
once last winter as the previous win
ter at twice. He has cows that will
drink over 100 pounds of water at
one time. One cow at the Ohio sta
tion drinks 140 pounds at one time.
What may seem strange is that these
cows did as well at the pail in milk
as a year ago last winter. There
must be one word of caution. He says
these cows did not drink ice water
from the brook or pond, but water
about Lfty-five degrees and given in
the stable. To send a cow from a
warm stable to the brook to drink
water at thirty-six degrees, would be
quite another thing, and to warm 100
pounds of ice water would require
the burning of enough food to supply
animal heat to make a third of a
pound of butter fats, as the animal
uses fat for fuel. The cow may only
drink once per day, but do not try to
allay any imaginary fever by giving
her ice water. farmers Voice.
Htrbed Wire fur Bd Hog.
I have an old sow. She is of an
inquiring turn of mind and continu
ally dissatisfied with her lot.although
green pastures, pure waters and
abundant shade abound. Hoping to
avoid the repetition of last summer's
experience with her, we this spring
went around the hog lot with a course
of barbed wire, putting it at such
height from the ground, usually be
tween the first and second rails, as
we thought would best answer the
purpose. Link wire was used, fear
ing the other might be too severe.
She now abides therein. The only
evidence I have of her ever having
been near the fence was seeing fresh
mud, once or twice, on wire during
the first week of her pasturage; even
that has now disappeared. As to the
man who invented barbed wire the
women of our house rise up and call
him blessed. Colman's Rural W -'d.
Only crustless bread should go
with the five o'clock tea
Best quality of meat can be ruined
by bad carving of the same.
Ice cream and strawberries to
gether is a popular compination.
It is the Persian's idea of perfec
tion to put red pepper on frogs' legs.
Lemon stains on cloth may be re
moved by washing the goods in warm
soap suds or ammonia.
The odor of onions, left on the
hands after peeling, may be removed
by rubbing the hands with celery or
If oilcloth is laid down where the
sun will shine on it much it will stick
fast to the floor unless paper is laid
Dust and marks of children's fin
gers can be removed from windows
by rubbing with a sponge which has
been dipped in ammonia and water.
If your shoestrings have the bad
babit of coming untied, rub them
with beeswax and they will not slip
or untie. Wax the ends, too, when
the tin points arc off.
A dairy writer says a slow milker
will soon ruin the best of cows.
When the pastures dry up the
cows need green grass or fodder.
Litter or rubbish should not be all
lowed to lay about trees and fruit
The milk should be cooled down to
40 decrees as quickly as possible af
To determine the value of any cow
her cream should be churned sepa
The wide-awake dairyman keeps
his best cows and sells those that do
hot make him a profit.
If too much Paris green is used
on the potato vino, the vine is in
fured and the potato must be.
If the soil is too poor to produce
good heads of cabbage, nitrate of
potash is an excellent fertilizer.
It is more important to have the
plough team well matched in gait
and strength than the carriage team.
It will not do to over-reach In the
poultry business. The best plan is
to move into the business gradually.
A poultryman warns beginners
against trying to raise 1,000 hens till
he is sure he can make a success of
The person who establishes the
reputation of selling nothing but
sound eggs will always get the top
Some poultry raisers say that
plenty of air-slacked lime scattered
around the poultry runs will prevent
A pint of grease to one and a half
tablespoonful of earbolb acid is said
to be a good composition for lice on
A beef raiser suggests that as cas
tration improves the quality of the
meat, dehorning may still further
Lying to God.
They claimed to bring the whole In connection.
With willing hearts;
But secretly, who knew the reservation
. They kept apart
At their dread doom with fear my soul Is smitten
In awful tone;
rhelr story speaks to me. as it ware written
For me alone.
I freely brought to Elm In oonseoratlon
My life and heart;
Have I, with sinful, secret reservation.
Kept back a part?
My own poor plans and selfish ways preferring,
Though Hla work wait?
Bis perfect kingdom In my soul deferring,
To cherish hate?
O, Thou with heart all loving, eyes all seeing,
I come anew:
Help me to bring the whole; In aot and being,
Help me be true!
- Try Again. .
Between sixty and seventy years
ago, in a little city of Italy, there was
among other choristers at the opera
house, a young wan, named Rubini,
who was very poor, excessively modest
and greatly beloved by his comrades.
In Italy at that time the orchestra
and choristers were badly paid. The
first violin was more than likely to be
at work all day in a boot-maker's shop.
This young man, in order to assist
his aged moth er.uni ted the functions of
chorister to the more lucrative employ
ment of journeyman tailor.
One day, when he had taken to No
zari's house a pair of trouser, that il
lustrious singer, after looking at hJm
earnestly, said to him kindly, "It ap
pears to me, my good fellow, that I
have seen you somewhere."
' Quite likely, sir; you may have seen
me at the opera-house, where I take
part in the choruses."
"Have yon a good voice?"
''Not remarkably, sir. I can with
great difficulty reach sol."
"Let me see," said Nozari, going to
the piano. "Begin the scale." The
chorister obeyed; but when he reached
sol he stopped short, out '-eath.
"Sound la come, trj .
"Sir. I cannot"
"Scund la, I tell you?"
"My dear sir, I cannot"
"Sound si, I tell you, or I'll "
"Don't get angry, sir; I'll try. - La,
si, la, si, do."
"I told you so!" said Nozari, in a tone
of triumph. "And now, my good fel
low, I will say only one word to you.
If you will study and practise, you
will become the first tenor in Itlay."
Nozari was right The poor tailor-
chorister had perseverance, and years
later Rubini fulfilled Nozari's pro
phecy. Fly Talk.
Since the departure of Prof. Garner
for Africa, to continue his study of the
language of monkeys, a Frenchman of
science, Dr. Galtier, has published the
results of a long and careful study,
made in his poultry-house, into the
language of hens. In his opinion,
there are many "words" concealed in
the utterances which we ordinarily in
terpret merely with cut-cut-cut-ca-hah-cut
These studies in animal dialects have (
now been followed by another, which
is, perhaps, most curious of all. An
English enquirer, armed with a micro
phone, or sound-magnifier, has been
listening patiently through long hours
to the curious noises made by house
flies, and reports his belief that they
have a language of their own.
The language does not consist of the
buzzing sound which we ordinarily
hear, which is made by the rapid vibra
tions of their wings in the air, but of
a smaller, finer and more widely modu
lated scries of sounds, audible to the
human ear only by the aid of the
Probably this fly conversation is per
fectly audible to the fly ears, which,
as every schoolboy knows who has
tried to move his hand slowly upon
them, are very acute.
The hope is expressed that, since the
heretofore inaudible whispers of flies
have been detected and recorded, some
inventor may construct a microphone
which will enable us to make out the
language of the microbes, and so sur
prise them in the horrible secret of
their mode of operations!
Intelligent bat Illiterate.
It is very desirable that a man
should know how to spell, but as com
pared with many other things such
knowledge is only a minor accomplish
ment Col. George Mathews was a
brave and capable soldier, esteemed as
such by Gen. Washington. He was
twice elected Governor of Georgia, and
was at one time a member of Congress.
His memory was wonderful. While
he was a member oi Congress an itn
portant document was lost The papei
had been read once during the session,
and CoL Mathews repeated it word foi
Before the Revolutioary war he was
sheriff of Augusta county, and had tc
collect the taxes. For a long time ht
remembered the name of every tax
Yet we are told that when he read
aloud he prenounced fully the 1 in
1b "would," "should," and other such
words, and in spite of his memory
wrote "Congress" with ak.
His case reminds one of the saying
of .President Lincoln about man
whom some one spoke of as "ignor
ant" "No," said Lincoln, "he is illiterate,
but I should not call him 'ignorant "
The story of American explorers who
have braved the perils of the Northern
seas, knowing that almost superhu
man efforts were to be required of
them, shows that they had the same
enthusiasm that characterized and
sustained the early discoverers. One
of the members of the Greeley expedi
tion gives an account in Scribner's
Magazine of their sufferings and per
severence. Fatigue, thirst, hunger, cold, and
even heat at times beset us.
Each camp found us physicially ex
hausted. We scanted our food, and
with envious, regretful eyes saw each
bit disappear, since it shortened the
length of our possible journey north
Finally the coveted honor was in
sight Realizing that this was indeed
the "Farthest North," we unfurled
the flag of our country, the glorious
Stars and Stripes, with a feeling of
pride and exultation impossible to de
scribe. Lieut. Lock wood and I seized
each other's hands, and hugged the
Eskimo Thorlip, who, gaping at us,
wondered what it all meant.
The physical hardship from many
days' travel through heavy gales and
blinding snow, over jagged rubble-ice
and across dangerous tidal cracks, was
all behind us. Our visit left behind it
a record. It stands a mighty cairn
of rocks commensurate in size to its
importance built on a narrow shelf,
directly under the frowning face of
the overhanging cape, and looking oat
over the eternal silence of the Polar
Mr. Oscanyan, in his book, "The Sul
tan and His People," says that a Turk
ish physician was called to visit a man
who was very ill of typhus fever. The
doctor considered the case hopeless,
but prescribed for the patient, and took
his leave. The next day, in passing
by, he inquired of a servant at the door
if his master was dead.
"Dead!" was the reply; "no, he is
The doctor hastened up-stairs to ob
tain the solution of the miracle. .
"Why," said the convalescent, "I
was consumed with thirst, and I drank
a pailful of the juice of pickled cab
bage." "Wonderful!" quoth the doctor; and
out came the tablets, on which he made
this inscription: "Cured of typhus
fever, Mehemed Agha, an upholsterer,
by drinking a pailful of pickled cabbage
Soon after, the doctor was called tc
another patient, a yaghlikgee, or dealei
in embroidered handkerchiefs, who
was suffering from the same malady.
H.5 forthwith prescribed "a pailful of
pickled cabbage juice."
On calling the next day to congratu
late his patient on his recovery, he was
astonished to be told that the man was
In his bewilderment at these phe
nomena, he came to the safe con
clusion, and duly noted it in his memo
randa, that "although in eases oi
typhus fever pickled cabbage juice is
an efficient remedy, it is not, to be used
unless the patient be by profession an
An English gentleman and his wife
who were visiting friends in Scotland
were taken to see an interesting mon
astery not far from Cluny, their friend's
estate. In that part of the country a
man is known by the name of his es
tate. When they were asked to write
in the monastery visitors' book, the
Englishman noticed that his host, Mr.
MacPhearson, Wrote "Cluny and Mrs.
Not to be outdone, the Englishman
promptly wrote, "26 Lennox Gardens,
Pont street, and Mrs. Lockwood."
Another story is told of Mr. Lock-
wood, in which his part is not, one
must conclude, as innocent as it looks.
He is evidently fond of a joke.
He often visits extremely wealthy
and hospitable friends in the country.
These friends have a room ready for
him whenever he cares to occupy it.
The house is seven miles from a rail
way station or telegraph office. He
once telegraphed them from London:
"May I stay over Sunday?"
His host paid ten or twelve shillings
to the messenger, and replied: "Ot
course, but don't telegraph."
To this Lockwood innocently replied
by telegraph "Why not?"
Subscribe for Thk Wealth Makers.
! Errors of Youth.!
Heiroas Debility, YonMl
Indiscretions, Lost Manhood,
(fiE YOUR OWN PHYSICIAN
w any men, irom me enra. w. ...-i
Idenco, have brought sbout itate of eakiieii SJ
' that hu reduced the general ytem to much aa to
I induce almot every other dueaje; and the real W
' cauae of the trouble icarcely ever being iuipected,
I they are doctored for everything but the right one. W
During our etenive college and hoepital practice
I we have diicovered new and concentrated reme- w
.dies. The accompanying prescription u otlerefl m
las a CKRTAIS AN1 8PEFHY OIRK, hundred, of
a. caaef having been rentored to perfecl t health by IU gj
I uieafter all other remediee failed. Perfectly pure
. ingredientt mutt be ucd in the preparation of thu Q
I R Erythroxylon eoca, I araenm.
Heloniaa Dioica. i drachm.
Oeliemin. S graina.
Ext. IgnatiK aniar (alcoholic), I gralnl.
Ext. leptanara, z icrupic. .
Glycerine, q. .
A Make AO nills. Take 1 pill at 8 p.m.. and another W
onnrtoPbed. Thi. rJmedy il Wanted to every
weakneu In either , and etnecially In thoae w
reciting from imprudence. The imperative gj
DcEerVof thi. reitorative are antoni.hmg, and it.
Z 5i continued for a .hortti.m. Chang .the UnguiA flj
debilitated, nerveleat condition to one of renewed
U$K&5f who would preftr to obtain I of by
remitting tl. tea ed package eontaing 0 Pjlli, ay
SreMrcSmpounded, will be
our prifate laboratory, or we ' r"',h.?iS2.
agea, which will cure tnoit catea, for SS. M tern
0 cnilf (XKfdtttliai.
NEW ENGLAND MEDICAL INSTITUTE, J
S 7 Trtmonl RowSotton, Mass.
J. W. Castor, Pres.
Vf B.Lwch, See. J.
O. L Lihob,
Farmers Mutual Insurance Co.
Organized In 1891.
492.000,000 Tnsvirpc now ip Effect.
J. W. Caster, Emerald. Neb.
1. P. Rouse, Aivo, Neb.
i. li. Hermance, Raymond, Neb.
A. Greenamyer, Cheerier, Neb.
B. H. Davis, Syracuse, Neb.
J. A. Floren, Goehner, Neb.
,). A. Barr. York, Neb.
W. J. HUdreth, Exeter, Neb.
N 8. Hyatt, President, Neb.
2 a- p
OX. X ST O
S " " 3
NEBRASKA MUTUAL FIRE, LIGHTNING & CYCLONE INSURANCE COMPANY. Over
half mlUloH Insured. Have paid over 1600.00 In losses. Have had but one assessment,
10c per 1100.00. J. Y. M. Swioabt, secretary. Lincoln, Neb. t" Agents wanted.
UNGLEY & BURKETT,
Attomeys-at-Law 1026 O St., Lincoln, Neb
COLLECTIONS MADE AND MONET REMITTED SAME DAT A8
The Wealth Makers
BUT OlHfeQl FHOM FAOTOHY" BEST
At WHOLES ALB PRICES, Delivered Free.
For Houses, Barns, Boots, all colors, A SAVE
Middlemen's profits. In use 51 years. En
darsed by Grange A Farmers' Alliance. Low
8 rices will surprise you. Write for samples.
. W. INGERSOLL, 2S3 Plymouth St., Brook
lyn, N. Y.
BATH HOUSE - - -
Comer 14th and M Streets, Lincoln, Nib.
Open at All Hours Day and Night,
All Forms of Baths,
Tnrkisb, Russian, Roman and Electric
With special attention to the application of
Natural Salt Water Baths
Several times stronger than sea water.
Rheumatism. Skin, Blood and Nervous Dl;
eases, Liver and Kidney Troubles and Chronlr
Ailments are treated successfully.
may be enjoyed at all seasons in onr largi
SALT SWIMMING POOL, 60x142 feet, 3 to U
eet deep, heated to uniform temperature at
Drs. M. H. and J- 0. Everett,
A FIVE HORSE POWER
In good condition. Will; be sold
CHEAP if sold soon. .....
pi. o. FEjiiUy,
Corner llth & M Sts., LINCOLN, Nsb
The New Commonwealth.
THE great People's party paper of New
York, and organ of the Co-operative
movement of the United States, and Canada,
Price, 150 Cents Per Year.
Sample Copies Free
Address, Sew Commonwealth,
706 Macon St. - Bbookxth, N. Y.
Reduced : Rates!
for round trip tickets to
Uany Tourist Points.
. . . AMONG THEM . . .
Hot Springs, Dead wood, Rapid City.
St. Paul, Minneapolis, Dtiluth,
Ashland, Bayfield, Madison,
Milwaukee, Oconomowco, Wis.,
And other points too numerous to men
tion in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michi
gan, New York, New Hampshire, Ver
mont, Maine, Ontario, etc.
For Rates, Maps, Etc, see
S. A. Moshbr. . A. S. Fielding,
Gen'l Agt. City T'kt. Agt
II 7 So. I Oth St , Lincoln, Neb.
Depot: Corner S and 8th streets.
NEURALGIA cured b Dr. Miles' Pain
Pills. "One cent a dose." At all druftnlsts.
P. Roust, Vlce-Prea A.Grmbjmtib, Tress,
24S South fth otrt,
Correspondence solicited from all persons
Interested In mutual Insurance.
MYfTHVIFF cannot see how tod i
JCJT IT AN0 PAY FREIGHT.
ABayi oar 1 drawer walnut or oak la
T rTproTi High Am SlaMrMwltur machia
flnly tiolthed, nickel plated .adapted to liffht
d heavy work; roarantesd for 10 leant with
AnioauUc Bobbin Hinder, rkir-Thraadlag CjUb
dr 8kattle,Hlf.8ttlaf Nm4I and a complete
Bt of 8tH i I tack Mate ; ihlppcd any where o
BO Da? Trial. No monev reoatred la advance.
15,000 now In om World1! Fair Medal awarded machhta and attach
ment. Bay from factory and aart dealer! and agent'i profits.
pMrp Cot Thi Oat and aend to-day for machine or lanre fret
F KCC catalogue, testimonial), and Glimpaeaof the World's Fair,
OXFORD MFB. GO. 312 Watuh in. CHICABO.ILL
GREAT ROCK ISLAND ROUTE
The "Fixed Star" State.
Great Rock Island Rout.
TO THE EAST.
BEST 0IN1X9 CAR SERVICE IN THE WORU
Nothing can be clothed with more
facts than the statement that thousands
of farmers and fruit-growers will leave
the more northern climes and locate in
This was evinced by the excursion of
January 9th, over the Chicago, Bock
Island & Pacific to Texas, and the hun
dreds that availed themselves of the
low rate were well repaid for the trip,
and if each one could be heard on the
subject, the unanimous verdict would
be, "It is better than I expected to see,
and just suits me."
Many thousands will avail themselves
of these coming excursions and low rate
offered, as did the hundreds e,n the last
one, and everyone who desires to secure
a farm of 160 acres, or a 20 or a 40 acre
fruit tract in that land of mild climate,
should not stand on the order of their
going but "Go" the first excursion pos
Apply for detailed information as to
rates of fare to any representative of
the Great Rock Island Route or any
Coupon Ticket Agent, or address "Edi
tor Western Trail," Chicago, for full
facta aa to the land.
Cen I Pass. Agt.. Chicago.
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