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About The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1894)
: : . .
BY HENRY D. LLOYD.
From the North American 3eview,
The lot of the people must be settled
by the common people. If railroads and
factories can not be built and operated
without their labor, neither can the pro
ceeds be divided without their consent
and co-operation. If the common people
can be allowed to vote freely in govern
ment, they can be allowed to vote free
ly in property. It is not necessary to
befuddle the subject with the fogs of po
litical economy or constitutional or
legal intricacies. The simplest ele
ments of justice, freedom and love sup
ply are the only profundities needed.
The question between the money power
on one side and the people on the other,
with the laborers and farmers in the
Tan, led by men like Emerson, Mazzlnl
andCarlyle, is simply and sharply a
question of more! More for the people,
less for the power. If you want to
quibble about words, and say that all
men are worklngmen, then the question
must be defined as one between rich
worklngmen and poor worklngmen; be
tween worklngmen with luxuries, and
worklngmen without; those around the
pirks and those on the farms; those
who own the machinery, and those who
operate it; between the worklngmen
who monopolize, and those who are
monopolized; between the workmen
who get the privilege of living in shan
ties as their share of coal mining In
Pennsylvania, and the worklngmen who
get dividends on five hundred million
dollars of coal stock. Bring on all the
statisticians in the world to figure out
that the farmers and worklngmen are
better off than they were. Thorold
Kogers proves it is not true, but if it
were, it is beside the point. They are
not getting their share. Never was
there a country, says a popular preacher
of Chicago, in which the rich have done
as much as in America for the poor.
But the truth is, never was there a
country in which the poor have done so
much for the rich.
The leaders of the revolution of the
new industry have quite mistaken the
terms of the contract with society under
which they have been hired to do these
great things. Society hired them to
work for society. But the captains
have assumed that all they lead in mak
ing was to be their own, and that they
willed with their own. They still have
something to learn.
The conservative cries out: "You are
going to destroy society."
Did it destroy society to abolish slav
ery? The conservative cries out: "This Is
No, it is the remedy.
The revolution has already occurred.
That took place when the mighty wheels
of the new industry whirled the peasant
and his children away from his little
homestead, the artisan away from his
cottage loom and his village shop and
non-cempetitive brotherhood, and
herded them Into tenement houses and
factories. It was the revolution which
took the husbandmen, laborer and arti
san out of the Go den age of the 15th
century, which preceded the new in
dustry. Then living was cheap and
men were dear. The working day in
meld and town was but eight hours a
day. Master and man both belonged
to tbe same union, no man could com
pete with another of the same fraternity,
and the employe had the same right to
his place that the employer had.
It is the revolution which has changed
During the last century has come the
realization of the vision of the ancient
Greek poet who foresaw a time when
"the shuttle would weave and lyre
would play of itself."
That is the revolution.
Time was when the judges sent men
to jail for forestalling, cornering the
markets. That was in the "dark ages."
ftow the money power establishes
"trusts"in everything, and our judges
tell us that the burden of monopoly is
That is the revolution.
The new industry has broken up the
brotherhoods of the old industry, and
has swung the few strongest and clever
est of the worklngmen into palaces,
and front pews, so far away from their
old comrades and fellew workers that,
as one of them said: "I have no time
to remember their faces, much less
That is the revolution.
It is the revolution that has capped
the new industry with the high finance
and tied np the people in the paper
chains of charters, contracts and stock
exchange securities. "The time is
coming," said the Earl of Derby, not
long ago, "when the people of Europe
will repudiate their national debts,
which now take eight hundred million
dollars a year from them."
This is the revolution.
And the gospel of the revolutions is
the doctrine that you can do anything
with your fellow man provided you do
it In the market.
The remedy is the new conscience,
which Bays simply that a man shall
never be so much of a buyer or seller as
to cease to be a brother, and that labor
shall not be made a market thing.
Before us is the practical question.
What is the next step?
The next step, like the first step, is
more liberty for the laborer. His
emancipation still invokes us. (Ton
science has freed him from frightful
abuses, but frightful abuses remain.
Hia growth is not yet full and free.
Civilization groans under the evils of
the revolution wrought by the new in
dustry and its philosophy. The denun
ciation by our prophets, the out-cries
of the farmer and the worklngmen, the
attempts to regulate factories, railroads,
mines, tenements, infant labor, are all
confessions of the impotence of the
system which produced these ills to
remedy them. A gospel of hatred is
rising in classes and masses which hates
employers, hates employes, hates house
hold service, hates household servants,
hates foreigners, hates pools, hates
trades unions, hates the grangers, hates
reform, hates politics. All these are
symptoms of a high fever. But a new
mankind has been, conceived and will
be born a winged beauty out of the
earth measuring worm which will not
know force, and fraud, and hatred, and
will let love, their natural tie, bind men
and nations together. The practical
work of today is to abolish the canni
bals of competition, warriors of supply
and demand, tyrants of monopoly,
monsters of the market, devourers of
men, women and children, buyers and
sellers of life. The progress of human
ity, says Emerson, consists in the recog
nition of the truth that every private
and separate good is delusion. Proper
ty, capital, and money making as now
permitted are still systems.of man hunt
ing. Monopoly is force, and force is
slavery, and slavery must be abolished.
A lover of birds, Maurice Thompson,
tells us that as he wanders through the
southern forests he knows afar off when
he is nearing a human habitation by
the songs of the birds near the cabin,
which declare to all the world, by a
special tenderness of tone, that they
love man and have made their nest near
his. The heart of man is not less than
the heart of the bird.
Churches come and go, but there has
ever been but one religion. The only
religion has been that which clears off
one by one from the face of man the
earth stains that hide the God impris
oned in the flesh, whicn breaks down
one by one every barrier which Incarna
tion has puMn the way of the God with
in in the likeness of the God without.
Tom Major's Pedigree.
The action of your convention impels
me to tender my resignation as national
committeeman. You have nominated a
man for governor who has been branded as
an accessor to forgery and perjury by a
Republican congressional committee, of
which Hon. Thomas B Reid was chairman,
a man who stands self convicted of falsify
ing official records and procuring the issue
of a fraudulent voucher while acting in the
capacity of president of the senate; a man
who was consorted with boodlers and jobbers
and converted the rooms f the lieutenant
governor at the capitol of the state into a
den of debauchery, a man who has been the
pliant tool of the railroads, in season and
whose nomination was procured by the com
bined influence of corporate cappers, pro
fessional bribe givers, jury fixers and im
peached smte house officials. I cannot
and never will ask any self respecting
Republican who loves his state and
country and desires to perpetuate the
free institutions under which we live,
undr a Republican (orm of government,
to help rivet the chains of subserviency
to corporate monopoly and tyranny up
on the people of the common-wealth.
Subscribe for The Wealth Makers
LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 13, 1894.
Open Letter to the State Journal
Vebdon, Neb., Aug. 27, 1894V
Editor Journal: Some time In
June I saw in a leading editorial in your
paper, the following facts taken from
census bulletin No 379: In the year
1850 Nebraska's wealth was not shown
in the census report In 1860 it was
$317 per capita, in 1870 it was $563; In
1880 it was 8851 and in 1890 it had
reached $1,205, and you wanted to know
what the calamity howler had to say to
I have just this: An Injury to one Is
the concern of all. If you prove any
thing you prove that all the North At
lantic states(the manufacturing states)
were badly used, as they all except two,
New York and Pennsylvania, show a
deorease in per capita wealth in this
decade, 1880 to 1890, and the highest of
these two, New York, shows only an
increase of $189 and New York has less
in 1890 than in 1870. The whole an in
crease of only $23. You can readily see
they are not being treated justly. We
are getting along more rapidly in
wealth than we deserve or is fair. .
Put let's see about Nebraska. I
think, Mr. Journal, yon must have over
looked some Items of Nebraska wealth.
For instance the same bulletin gives
its R. R. capital at $272 000,000 or $272
per capita but very little of whlob Is
owned in the state. Again, census
bulletin number 20 gives its realestate
mortgages at $126 per capita, mostly
owned out of the state. Deduct these
two items and you will come much
nearer the real wealth, about $800 per
capita of our citizens, than you do in the
editorial I refer to.
One point further and I am through
with your article. Now about the
south central division? In i860 ".e
per capita, wealth was $598, la ISSforotad'
decreased to $583. Now answer candid
ly, have those in control been sectional
in legislation, or not?
I will now call attention to two facte,
as shown by the tenth census and bulle
tin number 378. - In 1879 there was
284,761,042 acres of land nnder cultiva
tion in the United States. The crop
valued at $2 212,540,927, or $7.77 per
acre, in 1889 there was 857,616,755 acres,
the crop valued at $2,460,107,454, or
$6.87 per acre or a decrease per acre
of 90 cents. On the entire area this
would amount to over three hundred
million of dollars. Just think of it, 6
times the assessed value of this state
decline in the value of farm products, or
i the entire national debt. Free trade
did not cause this decline; neither did
high tariff. What did?
But let's get nearer home. The tenth
census shows Nebraska had 5,504,702
acres of land under cultivation; crop
value $31,708,914; value per acre, $5.76
The eleventh (bulletin) shows she had
15,247,705 acres; cultivated crop value
$66,837,617, or $4.38 per acre, a decline
of $1.38 per acre in the decade. Just
think, here is a decline on all her crops
of $21,000,000 and yet they say if we
use our voices, you are a calamity
In conclusion, in your article you
closed with the Inquiry, what will ths
calamity bowler have to say to this?
'What will you who so strenuously stand
up for Nebraska (her enemies) have to
say to tbe above showing? I presume
you will keep still, but if you have any
thing honorable to say let's hear It
through your semi-weekly. I may com'
pare the pitiable increase in value of
farm products with the increase of
factory products and have you explain.
If you have any more questions to ask,
and The Wealth Makers will give
space, I will try and be more prompt
to answer. I am through harvesting
now. Yours truly,
Mr. Wolfe's Comments on Stall's
Editor Wealth Makers:
I read, with much disgust, the Rev. (?)
Beall's so-called sermon, delivered from
his pulpit in this city, a few weeks aero,
in support of Tom Majors for governor
of Nebraska. His text was "Majors or
Holcomb. Which?" But Mr. Beall
failed to give chapter and verse where
bis text might be found. After reading
the disgusting screed, as published in
the News, it struck me that an appro
priate heading for a reply would be,
"Place or Boodle. Which?" The
Rev. (?) eentlemen was undoubtedly
making a bid for Elder Howe's place,
as chaplain of the Penitentiary, or had
taken a contract to deliver his church
vote to the Nemaha statesman, at so
much per head. Mr. Beall has been in
the habit of lending, or hiring, himself,
for a number of years, to prop up the
failing fortunes of his political party,
upon the political rostrum, but this is
the first Instance, that has come to my
knowledge, where he, or any other min
ister of the gospel, has desecrated the
sacred desk, as the champion of politi
cal prostitution. Tt is asserted, and
generally believed, that the church is
fast losing its hold upon the common
people of this country, and is there no
reason for it, when we see its servants
becoming the champions of its worst
enemies? If Mr. Majors was even a
professed christian, which he is not,
and Mr. Holoomb was a poker player
and scoffer at religion, which he has
never been accused of being, there
might have been some excuse, but still
no justification, for Mr. Beall's Sunday
desecration, Mr. Beall cannot plead Ig
norance of his candidate's true moral
charaater, for he is ki own to have made
inquiries, and obtained facts, in regard
to it, only a few days before he delivered
his discourse. And what does Mr.
Beall think of a man, from a religious
standpoint, (If he is capable of viewing
a man from so elevated a position,) who
would compare his present feelings, and
his condition, to the darkey, who, in his
extremity, prayed to God to 'help him,
and help him now, for if he ever needed
help it is now.' "O God," he said, "come
yourself, and don't send your son, for
thiB is no boy's play, that we are engaged
in, in Nebraska, this year." This Is in
substance one of his brother Major's
latest public prayers, as I am credibly
informed, offered at Grand Island, only
a few days ago. But, Mr. Editor, Mr.
Beall may not be so much to blame, for
after all that has been said'tdthe Con
trary, there is something still in a name,
No part of his name suggests purity.
Think of the two words Byron Beall'
Who associates morality, let alone re
ligion, with the name of Byron? And
Webster defines "Beal" to mean, "a
pimple, a small inflammatory tumor, a
pustule." It will be seen, however,
that Mr. Beall has even corrupted the
spelling of his own name, and who can
henceforth doubt that It is his nature
to uphold and revel in political filth.
Verily there be yet those who would
"steal the livery of heaven to serve the
devil" in. J. V. WOLFE.
Another Minister's Opinion of Beall.
Rev. C. E. Bentley, one of the best
known and most honored Baptist minis
ters in Nebraska, feat drawn to express
himself on Rev. Byron Beall last week
in the New Republic. We reprint be
low his words:
. We agree entirely with the opinion
expressed by The Wealth Makers
concerning Rev. Beall's ardent Republi
can faith. Any preacher that will per
sonally defend in the pulpit the "politi
cal record" of Tom Majors, displays a
brand of "offensive partisanship" that
proves him "mentally or morally un
sound." There must be a chaplaincy
hid somewhere among the stuff to ex
plain such a sermon!!! -
Judge Wilson's Candidacy Unani
Ogalalla, Neb., Sept. 5, 1894.
Editor Wealth Makers:
The Populists of Keith and surround
ing counties as an evidence of their
approval of the action of the state con
vention in placing Judge John W. Wil
son on the state ticket for the position
of auditor, tendered Mr. Wilson a non
partisan reception at the Opera House
in Ogalalla, Saturday evening, Sept. 5.
To say it was a decided success is ex
pressing it mildly. The committee had
arranged an excellent program, consist
ing of vocal and instrumental music and
short addresses by some of the most
prominent citizens of Ogalalla. The
unanimity of opinion in regard to Mr.
Wilson's ability and integrity, regard
lees of the party affiliations of the
speakers, was a most gratifying sur
prise to Mr. Wilson's Populist friends
and was certainly most complimentary
to our next "State Auditor."
Keith and the surrounding counties
will roll up a surprisingly enormous
vote on the auditorship In November,
and Judge Wilson's candidacy will be
a source of strength to the whole ticket,
not only where he Is known but where
ever he makes an apperanoe during the
campaign. Yours for success,
H. B. F.
NEURALGIA cured bv Dr. Miles' Pain
Pills. "One cent a dose." At all druggists.
THE SWEATER VICTIMS.
Wages and Tasks Which Have Forc
ed a Strike.
There is a big strike started among
the tailors of New York who belong to
the United Brotherhood and the United
Garment Workers of America. They
are fighting against a heavy increase of
their tasks under the sweating system
with no corresponding increase of pay.
They have been able hitherto by hard
work and long hours to make $6.00 per
week; tbe pasters $5 20 a week, and the
finishers $3.00 per week. They are now
striking against an increase of their
tasks amounting to from 40 to 114 per
cent with no Increase in pay. A thous
and of the United Cioak Makers have
joined them. At a public meeting held
the other day. Meyer Sohoenfeld of the
local branch No. 20, speaking as follows,
was wildly cheered:
For fifteen years, we have been work
ing from 4 o'clock in the morning until
10 at night. We never have a chance to
see our families, and I challenge any
physician to deny that there are more
than ten per cent of the unfortunate
sweaters' who are not cripples. If the
contractors would make common cause
with us against the big merchants of
Broadway and Mercer streets, we would
succeed. (Applause ) But if they think
thev can intimidate us bv the influence
of the saloon, or of the politicians, or of
the police, we say that we will wipe
them out at the polls next November.
' Abraham Harrison of the Executive
Board of the United Brotherhood of
Tailors, said: '
We are not Socialists nor Anarchists.
We who were born here and who come
here from tyrannical and monarchical
countries want to do well as decent
Americans in the liberty-loving United
States. We are not ob strike for money,
he continued, "but to be treated as
Americans." At present we labor under
conditions which do not prevail in the
mines of Siberia-. :-.-,. ,- -
We want a ten-hour work dayi We
leave oar homes every day 'when' our
families are yet sound asleep, and we
return at an hour when they have long
since retired. We see them awake but
once a week, when religious influence
compels the observance of one day as a
time of rest
We are strangers to our own children
and our offspring often call others papa
because they see them daily. When
once the task system Is out of the way
we shall attack tne sweating system.
We want to be employed directly by
the manufacturers in their own shops
and not on the convict plan.
The chairman of the meeting told the
reporter that between the cloakmakera
and the tailors there would be about 10
000 on strike today, counting those in
Brooklyn and Brownsville.
Tf la Afiflmatod i.Via. tin fauraw tVan Q -
000 persons will refuse to go to work
under tbe old task system this morning
in Brooklyn. The headquarters of the
garment workers in that city is at
Leonard and Seigel streets. There
local unions Nos. 27, 55, and 83 meet.
They are thoroughly organized, and at
a meeting held on Sunday 200 new mem
bers were admitted. Joseph Solotomeky
who is chairman of tne Executive Com
mittee, said yesterday that the con
tractors, in order to compel their em
ployes to continue under the task or
sweat system, were holding back the
wages oi tne workers.
"This," he declared "is being done,
despite the fact that the work accom
plished by the tailors had been deliver
ed into the hands of the clothing firms.
This is one of the evils we desire to
abolish. Another evil is that the con
tractors are giving out work to Italians
who live in filthy and crowded quarters
and the clothing comes in contact with
diseases of all sinds The terms are
taken in the clothing to the large stores
and transferred to tne purchasers. Tbe
danger can be readily recognized, but
the contractors assure tne clothing
firms that the clothing is made up in
clean and healthy places.
TIBBLES ENDORSES DEVINE.
A Letter of Soecial Interest to tbe
Third District Voters.
Indianapolis, led., Sept 6, 1894.
Editor Wealth Makers:
The nomination of J. M. Devine as a
candidate for congress in the Third
district, gives heart and courage to re
formers all over the country. He is
just the sort of a man we need in con
gress. For many years he has been a
student of economics.
The year he has been in Washington
as secretary of the Bi-metallic League,
he has had a great opportunity having
the free use of the great libraries and
constant association with the leading
thinkers, writers and economists of the
present agei and he has made the most
of his opportunity. J. M. Devine will
be, on the floor of the House, the equal
of any man there. How any man in the
Third district, who is opposed to a con
tinual decline in prices, who really do
sires more money and less misery, can
decline to support him is beyond my
The pirates who wish to main the
farmers and worklngmen of oar state,
tenants and serfs through the eontrao
tion of the volume of money and decline
of prices, dread no man in the state
more than they do J. M. Devine. Send
him to Washington and tbe little oanuj
of Populists in congress who have made!
such a gallant fight for the last two:
i I.., i
years against overwuoiunug numucr
will welcome him with outstretched.
Here in Indiana where I am apeakinj
under the direction of the state com'
mittee every thing seems to Indies
that there Is a political revolution on
hand. Farmers, merchants, traders!
worklngmen, in fact all classes of pro-l
duoers. are tumbling over each other tc
get Into the only party that preacher
salvation for the common people.
T. H. Tibbles
;. Oar State Platform.
We, the People's Independent party
of the state of Nebraska, reaffirm the
platform adopted at Omaha, July 4,'
1892. We emphasize the demand foi
free and unlimited coinage of silver anr
gold at the present ratio 16 to 1. W
brand as treason to labor in every neid
and to the best interests of the whoL
country, the unconditional repeal of
ooLgress of the purchasing clause of th
Sherman act. we demand both state
and national laws for the encourage'
ment and promotion of the irrigation oi
our arid and semi-arid lands. I
We demand that congress shall speed
ily pass a law by which the federal court
will be prevented from suspending th
operation of a state law at the dtotatioi
of corporations. I
We demand a liberal service penstor
to all honorably discharged union sol
dlers and sailers of the late war.
We declare for municipal ownership
of street cars, .gas and, electric 'Ugh
plants and water works.' ' I
We demand compulsory arbltratic
of all controversies between employer
and employes. ' ,
We heartily approve the eour. J c
Senator William V. Allen and Cor
men W. A. McKeighan and O. If .' L
for their fidelity and loyalty to oar
tire interests, and we oomplimeet C.
gressman W. J. Bryan, who, Ct :
elected as a Democrat, has given str;
support to many of our reform
We demand a more econoauo i
ministration of our state governme
and a more strict accountability of mc
eys appropriated and expended. ?
we reiterate our demand ior a max
mum freight rate law or the enforc
ment of the one now on our statx
books. - I
We demand the amendment of ox
state constitution by the adoption
what are popularly known as the wis;
tive and referendum. )
We demand the enforcement of tl
present law for the investment of ot;
permanent school fund as directed, an
not through bond investment coups
les, at a loss to said fond or profit
speculators and money sharks.
we demand that all officers, not
state and county, be paid a reasonaU
salary, in accordance with tbe labor
be performed and the amount of ski
required, and that all fees be turn 3d il
w wo ouciai iuuu iui ovayv buuwuu
We commend to the favorable col
sideratlon of the state the building
wnat is known as the uuir & intents:
railroad, now nnder process of cq
We demand that immediate steps
taken for the relief of the drouth suffe
be devised to jrlve them employme!
Havln? stated our demands, we a
dlally Invite all persons who are in sy
pathy witn them to co-operate with
regardless of former party afflllatio
Such s Man as We Need.
Hon. J. M. Devine has been nominal
for Congress by the Populists of t
Third district of Nebraska. It Is
excellent nomination, and one t!
promises success. Mr Devinjhast
acting as secretary of the Bi-metc'
League here in Washington, and 1
made a host of friends. He is a gr
speaker, and will make a vigor'
campaign. We hope he will succc
since the cause of reform needs j
such men as Mr. Devine in Congress
Headquarters Lincoln Legion.
Populists visiting Lincoln are a
diaiiy invited to visit tne neaaquarc
and free reading room of the Industi
Legion, 1114 O St, second floor.
Who Want the Jubilee Singers'
Local committees wishing service
the Huckins Jubilee singers can sec;
dates by addressing state central x
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