The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, May 03, 1894, Page 4, Image 4

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New 8ris of
OnMlUUUoB ol tbe
Farmers AlllanciffSebraska Independent
Tbo Wealth Makors PublUbiag Company
mo M Btreat. Lincoln. Neb.
V"i,;.ti,rr'"' :: iAdmnninic M ur.
j. a. nTiiiiiixiMiMi mi
If any man mul fall tot me to rl",
"nan Z I w cllrab' Another'! IID
I M wit for my good. A golden chain,
4 rob of honor, U too good a prl
To tarapl my bwtf bad to do a wrong
onto a Wlow This life bath wot
b niMQ I IkUlllO Mi
Aad wbotbat batb bert would dan prolong
or add a sorrow to a mm""."
That a sealing balm tomakoU wfcolof
Mr baaom own th brotherhood of man,
N. L P. A.
PnhllafiftrB AnBOiinoemena.
Tba aubwliiilon prtoa of Tub Wsamb-
w aVraful that all naiiiaa am rrmtly
i Tsrs bWifer hr
a Avslimiii' bam. No matter bow
A Kdo w wwlaoi this Import-
aut inattar. Hvery waak wa receive letter
WHhhCUta Jd.-Ma- or without yigij,
Inraa awl It 1 aouia klmo difficult to local
uTa'mi of Aotmw. KnbafirttMjra wIbMm
10 ehanu their poHtofflr addrea Bin, vr
glet""r former at well a their pn.r,i ad
Ires when cbang will b promptly ma?.
rfim ii . am
TJJ great strike of the coal minor
bat been spreading until there itre now
150,000 men out.
Tub plutocracy la in troubls over an
lnoouio and outoometb Income tax,
and tba outcome of the Commonweal
TliK Populists of Tennessee have
nominated Prof, A. L. Mima for gover
nor. Maine Populists also have an
educator, J'rof, Rates, to bead tholr
Tut Chicago Dispatch (daily), the
oMolal paper of tbo city and Cook
county, 111., bai donated tr.00 to tbe
Common weal and baa opensd a sub
tcrlptloo column for tbo army,
Tuk strike on the (treat Nortliem
oonduotedby tbo American Hallwaj
Union bai boon on in doad earnest
ilnce kit Friday. All tbo men are
called out from Minneapolis to theooaat
TliK Populists boys In our Stato t'ni
voralty need to move quickly, or tboy
will bo greatly outstripped by tba
Mlnnosotans. In their Stato University
they bavo a very flourishing, fast-growing
Populist club, Many new names
have been added to the club la tbo last
two weeks, and several Democrats and
Prohibltionlsta have expressed tbe in
tention of joining at tbo next meeting.
Mrs. Vandkruilt bai recently pur
chased the crown formerly worn by tbe
Empress Kujenle for $300,000 a very
appropriate bead-gear for an American
queen. The people are fool log the
weight of a real Vanderbllt scepter,
and why should not those whoso reve
nues are kingly put on the Insignia of
nvalty? We are supporting more
kings and paying more subjection tri
bute to despots than the monarchical
rulers of any people ever bufore de
manded, Tub New YoraClearltig licit bank
ets have just given a reception toU. H,
Currency Comptroller table. His
speech pleased the princely, privileged,
fiat money Shylocks whose tool he Is,
greatly, his hypocritical address being
V the lToet that 'tampering with the
ourrenoy wa o serious a matter and
fall so heavily on the pwtr clmsti and
Ubrlng men that ho hoped that tht
country would never fall short of the
highest s'andard In currency matter!.'
This damnable rewue on the part ot
the Shyloi ka, that their lo tor thv
HK)r aoalaved wealth pinluoor Is wba
makes tftam guUbuga, makes uchok
lag mad,
Wa itHewltb tfMi plcasuretha'
the PopulUt prww of Nvbreka, th
linaJ pra, I dulog sleaJid work.
ThoadlWir of th iVp''s Voli'e, pub
ltshad at larrl, Cha county, I a
saa whuws uaiWrtlauvlla lvb t
the Kut of thte. lnhr Kaa
4 tko lioup tVuaty ClarkiK t aaothr
eWp thiakar, a naa Uk a ruarkabl)
4r f t mb of tho (raii)4itoawbtot
the Peopla" rar'y ro.e a iuk 1 1
ae iraaltwd hi air wU U
tHSjde out u( the very Wt, Itrvtihtr
Hurvof Iho llaaallw? lVwt UrUt r
gvUoata t rat lata mpar. ItrtMhri
l alrJIct thot adar HapUa HuHlUaa
I two ut the balal't a and wt
olTaetlvo w rtWio ia ho 'ala UrUt
ttkatdo nt theChihlrvtiiiliCttai U aiuaa
of tbartitr, education aad taiaal
itrvtker Kautsaaaa l tbo IWaooi l ight
( great oo In Uolteouaty, Aid
we bao voly just begua V) laeatUm Iko
Lio4 iHv'Ut editor.
Some friend mailed us a copy of the
Sioux City Journal of April contalnbg
the report of a sermon by Dr. Jenkins of
that cltv. a sermon in which tbe preach
er contrated Coxey'a potr followeri
with the rich, the successful. Tbo text
manipulated was:
dlllcent in bus!
UUVB- IW" n ,
noasy lie eball stand before kings; ho
shall not stand before mean men,
With a will, apparently, to please
some of bla rich parishioners he deolared
that the lawa of flnanoo are as truly
laws as tbo laws of matter; and be
assumed that tbo rlob as.a rule get rich
by Industry, thrift and temperance, and
that the poor bavo b'en made poor bo-
caute they lacked disposition to worn
and save, In so many words this rich
man's prophet intimated that bo bad
una eva on tho industrial army, and
another eye on the successful men of bit
own city, and be could not neip oomg
struck by tbo contrast, lie sma.
Hut it is not a pleasant thought that
so many buumedsor men can do iouuu
anxious to parado their pauperism, nor
that ao many tnousanus nve wuu vu
t...ti.,v is iaHiblo to make man
kind prosperous without virtue It was
a very ancient Urcek philosopher who
said to tho Greek citizens voting for
commanders of armies, that It mignt bo
well to "vote all tboirawes horses." It
does not take a very sbrewa man to see
that i bo ballot falls something In being
omnipotent. Tbo men who areostonsi.
bly marching upon Washington to de
mand tli at they bo made prosperous by
law, will find that tba lawa of congresa
do not oount for much when brought
Into conflict with tbo laws of the uni
verse, ''oma of tbo poorest men in tho
state of Iowa, not to asy of our own
oomuiunity, came to our stato or city In
allluenoe; and some, In fact most of tbe
prosperous and successful business men
of this community,camo thither aa poor
as tbo Falstafllan recruits who are today
threatening tho peace and safety of the
commonwealth, liut poor as tbey were
they stand now literally "iicrore uings,
because thev had within themselves tbo
resources which these vagrants are
seeking in a change of statutes.
What are tbo lawiof finance which
this pro& hr talks about In such an
ldlotlo way? I).Jts bo refer to financial
legislation? No, for be intimates to
tbe Industrial Army that tbo financial
legislation they ask for will not make
them proiperoui , and will not oount for
much because It would conflict with
'the laws of tho universe." Tbo laws
of flnanoo are the laws of tho universe,
is bis Idea. And he thinka of course
that John Sherman and tho Creator
made them, that gold is (Jod Almighty's
money and has bien since 1873, when,
for some reason best known in Wall
and Lombitrd streets, tho Lord changed
his mind,
Let ui oonslder the Jenkins standard
of virtue, morality, dosort. It Is the
dollar standard. According to Jenkins'
law the rlob are wise and virtuous; tbe
poor are foolish and vicious. The rich
est men are the most diligent, virtuous
and deserving Jay Gould and Jim flak
for instance, Rockefeller- also, tbe
Alters, tbe Vanderbllts, the coal barons
the men who made 18,000,000 la one day
on Reading Railroad stock by arranging
a coal transportation monopoly, the
lumber kings, the owners of trust
stooki who dooreo the output of many of
tho neoesiarles of life and fix prices,
tbe 'big four' In Chicago, the rcl estate
speculators and landlords, the shy lock
money monopolists, etc.
This pastor of wolves In shoeppelts
went on to call attention to the rich
men about him who began life poor, the
inference he drew being that all In the
Industrial Army and all the pW might
have boon now living in aMuonce if tbey
had worked and been equally deserving;
the suocoasf ul did not nk the state to
do what they with thtlr good right
hands oould do for themselves, said he,
'Right handiV What rot! Those who
in tho pait began poor, usually work d
well to get bold of their first money;
but tho almighty, , lnterest-drawlntr,
labor-controlling monopoly dollar did
tho rest of it. One of the mrn Jcnkln
held up aa an Illustration of what the
honest industrious poor can do waa a
Sioux City bank president. In reply
to Jt-nklca bo sild: "No I uover bad
any property from my father. I had a
cbanee a a clerk to how what I oould
do, and richer men entrusted their
wealth to mo. I found a chance to
make my stand and I thnk It not tx
much to sty I have made It." (lot rich
not by earutug but by loaning money,
by takinf other wen's labor, by uw
which Jehovah coudeutrs, and bo I
oven prou I ol ll, and this preacher ol
unrlghttxtuinvM, this Waoher et lu
tnarJ, latquitable practice command
Another SUnu Cltv model rich man
had hoiwualod In Iowa to arly day
ao4 r''l awd (d l u-AU d ta vttMivn
liut whr are tk lr a or ithi
I'altfd Hit laaj that a poor mm
cat go to Unlay aad pndwa iMagoa?
Thrva "proiuluout lUaudai' wirv
a'lHt Interviewed by Juhtn and found
V hate bfgvia por,
' I'lnanclera'arvmaa whi If aa money
or eor oof real M'aV.or o!lu. muul.lil
or at traachWta for aolhlnf Utt
asab o them hi tai themU ik'h out
vl puopW rnlo,. Tuav are
tu-ful ipovu'etwa la iha na
laSir prvduct, sUod'ag Utea aa t
robbing Mb, tbo and o m
lumera, Tkf Or 'buUi'' aud ' War''
aatl oainrtu4 widv aad ttf r roa
UaMtdvurlag heuta, ail uf thetu
prlrf upt tho i)NavWaad weab.
Ad tht stupid or wlokd da'eador ft
Iko f kk ad tlaadaror of tho wr, ay,
' Thfu!tl.aotlU(lUt;oa. btt la
character" the fault that all are not
We rejijlce that some men in the pul
pit today are "preachers ot righteous
ness." Our hearts, our hopes, aro with
them. God bless them and make them
bravo. They are now studying the
law of equity, of equal unselfish love,
and tbey seo that "success" today by
business practices and tbe commercial
code Is immoral, is the sucstis ol sin,
Is "tho price of blood."
A stockholder In the National Linseed
Oil company has petitioned tho U, S.
circuit conrt for tbe appointment of a
recel ver.on the ground that the business
is being conducted In the interest ol
certain stockholders and to the detri
ment of others.
Tbo secretary and treasurer of tbo
company, T. ii. McCullock, has denied
all tbe charges. II U statement is,
however, most interesting, and, In sub
stance, is as follows:
The stock represents the plants and
assets, worth easily $!,OUO,000. Tbfere
is not a lien on any of tho company's
property. "The company Is entirely
solvent and most prosperous." There
are MO stockholders.
Observe that this monopoly, like all
other economically conducted monopo
lies, is prosperous when all unmonopo
llzed industries are languishing. Ob
serve also that It has Issued double tbe
stock that iti assets are worth so that
robber dividends when published, aa
tbe law compels, may not socra so high
as to attract attention. Tho farmer
when he soils bis flax seed la obliged to
take for It not a supply-and-demand
regulated price, but a price which the
National Linseed Oil company fixes,
limits, decrees. And wbon linseed oil
and products it enters Into are sold, the
publlo must pay not tbe labor cost, nor
tbe labor cost plus ordinary Interest,
but the labor cost plus monopoly charges
to pay dividends on at least double the
stock that there is property, And tbe
dlreotors have also issued .'1,000,000 of
debenture bonds on which it requires
producers and consumers to pay inter
In I Ml the National Linseed Oil
company owned til plants, but many of
these had been btught up to be abandoned.
Think of it. Suppose it were In their
power and tbe farmers of the country
should organize a farm trust and cloie
up a quarter or a half of the farms, not
allow them to bo cultivated, and
mutually agree on what price should be
paid for wheat and corn and livestock!
Rut if the farmers can not form a
trust and roust pay trust prices for
what they purchase, tboy are being
robbed of their earnings, their rights,
their liberties. And all other people
whose products or servloes sell In the
competitive market, and who buy goods
In the trust or monopoly-controlled
market, aro in the same straight rond
to complete dependence and hopeless
slavery. Now what are we polng to dp
about It? V.
Hon. O. . Casper beads an editorial
n his paper,
"Wo Must Go to Them."
In the course of his remarks he says,
n the last legislature "the twelve Dim-
ocratto members got together and de
olded that If tboy did any good toward
earning their wages they would have to
stifle all party pride, and without any
bargain give their voes to whoever the
Populists nomioatedfor speaker." Af u r
onumera'ing the benefits which came by
helping the Populists, passing a freight
law, electing an antl-goldbug United
States Saoator, saving a quarter of n
million on appropriations and bringing
light to certain state officials, he goes
on to say;
If we want a congressman to repre
sent our vie we must support a Popu
list, xne last election on Kofeuu
shows that tho Populists need 4,0-15
vol oa to ha even with the Ropuhllcan
in tbla dlatrlot. Tho Democrat have
only 7,303. Some of these will rote for
It Is uieloss to talk about Populate
and Domocrats suiting together. Tht
only question for tho IKsmocra a, who
are in the minority, to ueuiue, is, shall
wo stand by a Populist, and try xn U
oho vow for (roe coinage, or shall we
let a toldnug republican win?
llalner U again! everything we be
lieve In. wblio a Popullat la for all we
IhiIUv In, and a gmd dal that we
dou't know anything atxuit, but the)
lll never be heAut of, a we bavi
uothtog to fear. This editor la jua
oyal enough to free coinage and urlfl
'violin to put up with almost anything
(or one otmpalgn at U-at.
1 Another edumn Mr. Cpr a:
ThUodtutr wants ttiritrt whath
tv Id twu wwks afO. 't he PopulUtt H
ihU district wUl ttovr support any klotf
if a iKxinvn i for cotigro, unlet b
drat rvocueo all tvllowihtp d tiH)
m th iMweral'- iwtrty, V muv
uHrV.kde iri, Judgw WtituUr
Jutg Pui-. tr aoiw man of thotr, and
thoouly question t, how van we e.ei
ho , went ToIhi l'tor will
mmtna.w om 1'onunral li blp
IU ar ll will itominal a r'tlvoe
it. m vrat If be ean, Hevav, of hi
ea crowd would iuiy pull from lUUor
i' lu t MlUUit wa known lohtf utm of
ToU uul. How rati wo bolj the
iViwocrau, four BMhol whom aro ll--e
mon, to tho roolUt vtndldair'!'
t hil way o' semi to- h Ih iMn
C. n.aUon of tho ivpulut vatdida'o .
ih 4itio a ba IhnjO) doao twlcw In tho
(io ot McKvl:, If wo ar4 not will
ia t iupiMft lhlr candidate wo
mitfkt a wlt ae oor breath. Klthv
Judto HU, J.idtfa Whewlvror Judgo
t' b Ugood eavuh U t thladmr. aa
a-lat ay ffwldhu', aa mattr what
Vrty a am ho k lWi4 wUb.
Wo aro ttoo to y taat tho alxteo ad
vice to fellow Democrats manifests a
splendid victory of sense over partisan
ship There Is really bo reason but
blind party worship which is lack of
reason why every democrat and every
republican who would have his vote
count against tbe money monopoly, and
trusts, the railroad oppression and the
millionaires, should Dot vote tbe
Populist ticket Party ties ought to
rest so lightly on men that there would
bo no possibility ot fastening voters to
a mere office seeking machine.
Tbe Populists of Nebraska believe
that there Is room for only two great
parties here, viz: the anti-progressive
Republican party, which will gather
into it the railroad power with its para
sites, tbe money loaning power and its
dependents, and the Inert multitude of
mossback who, notwithstanding the
great economlo changes, haven't im
bibed a new political or economic Idea
in twenty years; and tbe progressive,
llborty-lovlng, monopoly-hating, Popu
list party, All real, wideawake demo
crato and republicans, the sort who
op pone commercial and Industrial des
potlsra, will find tbelr place with us.
Our editorial a few days ago on "The
Maximum Rata Law, notwithstanding
1U length, was reprinted entire in a
considerable number of tho county
papers in tbe state, and its fscts and
argument ia condensed form or In part
were used and the case commented on
by many more. The Hamilton County
Register of two weeks ago thus refers
to it and the interest shown in the sub
If an obierver will take notioe of the
attention attracted by the article of Thk
WKALTii makkhs on tbe status of tbe
Newberry bill; If he could see as we do
the number of able articles that were
written on that subjoct last wcrk, he
would observe that though our people
expeot anarchy from Dundy's court tbey
are by no means asleep or indifferent to
their rights. There Is a day of reckon
ing for all wrongs.
According to Secretary Dll worth and
John L. Webster the suits before tho
great Dundy will probably be tried this
month. If the court is forced to decide
In favor of tbe people each one who
has paid freight to Nebraska railroads
since August 1, 1893, can recover
Illegal charges, If he thinks the over
charges will pay attorney's feos to con
duct suit. But It would at best be horns
and tall to tho people, and the oow
to the milking lawyers and railroads.
Tbe Chicago Sentinel endorses a plan
originated by Allen Cook, a Populist
lawyer in Canton, Ohio, to profit by the
Ooxey idea. lie has published a call
for recruits to march "On to Columbus, '
the state capital, to there hold the stato
Populist convention about the middle
of August, and all delegates to , go to
the convention in four-horse wagons
draped in Hags and floating banners,
Inscribed with Populist doctrines. Tbe
state is to be divided into eight divi
sions with eight routes toward which
all delegates shall gravitate. The
Northern division will commence at
Sandusky. All delegates along the
route will join In the march as the cara
van comos on, and picnics and speech-
making will be held along tho line.
The other routes aro all marked out. '
Tho Si-ntlnel says. "Adopt It in every
etato "
What do our people say to it? We
are Inclined to think tbe crowds that
would gather along the routes would
kindle and spread everywhere great
enthusiasm. Let us do something out
of the ordinary; and what oan be
thought of better than the Ohio plan?
The campaign of tho elder Harrison in
1810 was a log-cabin, farm-wagon, song
and speech campaign, full of enthusiasm
Let us roturn to primitive methods, and
make them popular, adapting our means
to tho situation. Weare not depeidoU
on railroad passes or bank funds. No
end of enthusiasm can be stirred ip,
with speaking and singing, if we go to
work In a way to draw great crowds of
p-oplo together. The people aro all
rcuiesa. Tbo times are ripe for a
political revolution. Everybody will
turnout to hear tho tramping, camp
In; growing caravans of patriotic Popu-tl-ti.
And those who go will have jolly fun.
Who tecondt tba motion?
IVut. W, A. Jonas of llastlng al
lreed tba Pulttltal P.eoaomy flub o.
th Mate Uolverlty, Wednesday ovou
Ing ot lat week. 111 exceedingly able
u vatuablo a.Klrea covered th
duoneiulo hUtory ol eooUly and skoweu
an evolution oi mlng out of tbo paataoo
roavhleg Into tho future, When aivr
tain f l o nod tho land, tho toed aad
I h prons of ttu worker, tht slau
oooatiWs! of tba slate owner, aad al
lwacnfarud to the slavery ble
which BtHiWty rtd ad wa built, Uj
to evolutionary joee tho wo,b
r Mvurad a rvrala amount ot llbwrty
uJr tbo feudal sys'om, out we
allied t porfom military srv loo or
work ovttato data lor th lord whi
retained tho land, and alt tho law of
AUty tuafortuvd tu aad wore framed
t i totpatttat these rwlatloa. IN land
lordeoatUutlg the atato. Hat uut
of tM wm gradually evolvwd, th
bla of ptlat property aad trdm
of ooatraot, tbo jat wage sytm
wlvk a toeraaalnf JeaJVa. prvBt earn
ing ola a4 a rUag eavltalUvU el,
the state today being really the land
owners and capitalists. The laws are
by them and for them, and compel in
creitsing tribute to be paid them.
The Invention of machinery destroyed
handicraft production, socialized pro
duction, reduced free labor to depend
ence, compelled the laborers to sell
their labor, and themselves, virtually,
in the commodity market, and with the
progress of invention compelled manu
facturers to combine to destroy com
pjtltlon, which was destroying them.
In this way trusts and monopolies have
been evolved for self-defense and to
gain advantage.
But as monopolies will not long be
endured by a once industrially free and
a politically enfranchised people, It fol
lows that production and distribution
must be not monopolized for the capita
lists, as now; but socialized or monopo
lized for the producers.
The stato Journal reporter reporting
tbe address either did not understand
it, or for reasons best known to him
self did not correctly report Prof. Jones
in attributing to him the Idea that pro
tection Is the fundamental ground of
all our evils and that the trusts are the
causes of financial crashes, &o , &o.
"The necessary antagonisms imma
nent In the prettnt mode of eoclalUed pro
duction and individual capitalistic ap
propriations tbe cause oi labor troubles;
aad next the anarchy of production,
arising from the unregulated, unorgan
ized production of individual capitalists
of plants throwing unknown quanti
ties of goods on tbe market, Competi
tion in an overstocked market reduces
prices below tbe cost of production.
This in turn becomes a compulsory
law to improve machines and further
concentrate the means of production-
all this dispensing with human labor
ana creating a proletarian army."
A part of the great Amoskeag cotton
mills at Manchester, N. H., shut down
week before last, throwing 2,000 hands
out of employment and putting over
6,000 on two-thirds time. But this of
course can be explained by saying that
these additional thousands now idlo
would not work, that they preferred to
join the great army of unemployed
whom the old party press calls tramps,
vagrants, vagabonds. No man who
honestly desires work is compelled to
remain Idle In this grand country, says
Wolcott and a lot of other knaves. Tbe
mills, therefore, stand Idle booauso every
man, woman and child who wants work
Is at work, and tho Manchester mana
gers can neither retain nor obtain
workers of the other class, oomoosed of
several millions of Coxey and Kelly
tramo lobbyists and so-called beggars.
"Business conditions," notwithstand
ing the goldbugs and Dun's prophecy of
prosperity to follow the repeal of the
Sherman act and the veto of the seign
lorago bill, "are anything but satlsfac
tory. There has been no loss of confi
dence, nor Is (here any real apprehen
slon regarding the future; but 4
continued disappointment of reasonable
expectations exhaust the strongest pa
tience, so that complaints are as numer
ous as ever." And this New xork
writer, so reporting last week's flnan
clal and commercial situation, goes on
to say:
Clearing House returns do not lndl
cate any improvement la the volume of
business. Last week tbe decrease com
pared with last year was 27 per oont,
which is about the usual rate of loss.
What kind of a scheme would It bo to
draft every unemployed man, every
ab.'e bodied commonwealer and those
left bahlnd them and, "the upper ten
thousand" Into an army, a permanent
army of production, to provide for their
owa wants. Of course they don't any
of them want work (?), but mnko them
work. And force every shirk, every
loeoh upon labor whether fat or lean,
whether rloh or poor, to join the wealth
making army. Every able-bodied man
who 1 oouauiulog without producing
should be made to work.
TusNew York Tribune and other
eastern papers aro speaking of "the
Populist mobs In the western states."
With one or two exceptions tho Indus
trial Army bodies have been law abld
trg, even under tho moat fearful strcs
of circumstances and temptations whloh
men caa be placed under. Rattbiyar
not PutmlUt bodies, Tbey ar not
political bodies. They aro simply de-
tjtu'w men o( all par tie who can obialo
no work and who retuao to bo mad to
live upon charity, or to yield up their
liberty and made paujwr. The)
aeo crgaoUeJi to go lit praa to
VVaUlogton to manlfeat their detyeraw
nd and t potltloa Congest (or their
MnalltuiVoal right tollfo and liberty
rie taut that they aro botng called
'Populist mob" I'rjvoa, howr, it at
a party 'p! our ba any regaid
for their iWhu, ot for tho vnatUuiloo
wukh thoo right tt on. party
legislation ha robbed the to ol thole
,iUoo to laU.r and Mi lUiu d. fcajclew
aatdetltuto, wag slaves without even
a matter, or flaoe to it waa. Tbo poor
who demand tbeao righto, who rfuw
aa t'UUt'ba to b ground uo aad
dtroy4 lor tba ilcb- tho poor who
hato through la WfUlatioa bvn t r
longi year tbo pry ol Uo plutocrat -are
now to bo tailed mob 11 they f
together to eak with oa tote lor
liberty; thy aro t b brad4 a
ttaoipo, vagatods, bailors, tho k
and drgi ot aoeloty, It Uay ooprl at
tention to be drawn to them. If in
desperate need, to escape starvation
they ask for a ride In cattle cars and
climb aboard, they are to be forced to
look down rifle barrels and have maxim
and gatllng guns trained on them to
crush oat their only hope and the spirit
of manhood and liberty and respect for
law which Is left in them. And tbe
party of justice, of equal rights and
equal independence for all citizens, tho
party that espouses the cause of tbe
poor, is to be stigmatized and diaboli
cally associated In the publlo mind (so
far as the press has power to deceive)
with disloyalty. It is to bo represented
as supporting anarchistic mob violence.
The real anarchists, the men who tramp
le on God's law and who grind the faces
of tbe poor, are nevertheless having a
thousand searchlights focussed on them,
and tbe maligned Populists and des
plsed poor will soon drive wrong from
Its present throne. The Industrial
army In lu entirety Is being rapidly
mobilized at the ballot box, and when
it makes a united demand there, we
shall see who are rebels, who are law
less, who will Instigate mob violence.
But the mob of "tho upper ten thousand"
will then have the law and the guns
against them.
A government banking system to
furnish the people money without inter
et, with no charge above a small fee
for examining titles, appraising pro
perty and caring for securities, would
save to the producers of wealth the vast
sum not lext tnau 13,000,000,000 annually-
which tbo money loauors now re
quire as tribute. It would also provide
all the new capital needed to keep
every man at work, and with capital in
tbo form of money obtainable without
interest present capitalists could no
longer demand rent, or Interest; for
their capital, except where it was la
vested in land, mines, chsrtorcd mono
polies, patent rights, &o., could be du
plicated quickly, Government banks
would annihilate tho money monopoly,
tho power to demand interest, and
would cut off the principal stream of
wealth concentration.
Several letters of inquiry, relative to
the bond issue of tbe United States
during and since the great civil war,
have induced me to undertake for tbo
benefit of our readers to glvo a simple
abstract of the same, To go into detail
would require more space than wo can
pare, and would weary tbo average
busy reader.
Let it be remembered that some issues
were made In lieu of, or to redeem and
take up some others; so that the abro
gate was never at any ono timo as large
as the following amounts would seem to
indicate; nevertheless, it has ever slnoe
the wsr been largo enough.
In 160, the year before the rebellion,
our national debt was $04,842,287.88, and
In 1806, the year after tbe close of tho
war It had reached the enormous sum
of $2,773,230,173.69.
The first bond issue made necessary
by the rebellion was that of February
8, 1801, and was for $18,415,000. These
bonds ran 20 years and drew 6 per cent.
Under the act of March 2, 1861, there
were Issued of 2 years treasury note
$22,468,100; and of 60 days treasury
notes $12,8!i,:!f0, all bearing 6 percent.
The same date there were issued $1,000,
8A0 of 0 per cent. 20 years, coupon bonds
to pay the Oregon war debt. (For tho
suppression of Indian hostilities.)
Under act of July 17, 1801, there were
Issued bonds to tbe amount of $50,0(0,
000, to rnn 20 years at 6 pr cent.; 7-30
notes to the amount of $130,009,760 pay
able after 3 years with interest at 7 3-10
per cent ; and 00,UOO,000 of demand
note without Interest.
Under aat of February 2",, 18(12, thera
were Issued W14, 780.600 of 0 per con,
bond known as tho five-twenties. Tho
act of February 23, 162, authorized tho
Utae of $150,000,(00 in legal-tender U.
S. notes; t0,000,000 of whloh wa to bo
In lieu of demand notes Issued underact
of July 17, 181. A supolomental aot
July 11 of th same year increased this
amount (to $.'0, 000.000, Those last
latu-s were what U known a green
back and bear no Intoroat. The same
act with supplemental act autho
rhed temporary loana to tho amount of
liO OUO.WO with loWre.t at from 4 to
per cent, per annum. Tbeao Ut
wr redeemed before tho clow of 1840,
la March eoogrr authorised
tho lu of lertlfloaUi o, Indebted
to publlo creditor in tho adjutmat ot
lalnia, ruaalng ono year a $ ar Mot.
There were tVt,7a,V.'M tud, all n
doetued before l4,
Tho a-t of Mcb 3, 1 -'It, a ihorle4a
oati pajabi afwt SO tar at 0 percent,
under whloii tTa.Ottd.tVO wera H.Uod,
and treasury t,ita payable una yr
alt date, bt vlef & r cent laUri,
ol whUfc $111 tHXVOiM wrUued, and
uf Uc aaurjr Botes pajalii In three years
at h pr . iXUscUit,
1'iuU'f the t al MarvU 9, hii, vhi
rwMU4ti'.iU!?,:k0at 5 l"r ev
a4$LftJ,YM at ht coat -tho ta
fort.f JtH
l'dr th a't of Jm i,t tu
were luvdlll .VMol B tweatlo
Mtrlf $r ei Pa ler Mtii aot aad
a iupptmtal a t el Ma vh 3, ll,
therw wr alt lu'd $-' tVrfH)
M laU.tet bearing treaeuty aoti, or
boad as they aro al oalUd; thv Jo