The Wealth makers of the world. (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, April 26, 1894, Page 4, Image 4

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"X SSeeeeeM III ' eS H BSMSM BJBJM ej m
New 8eries of
OnaelUJatlon of tb
Fumcrs Alliances SebrisHa Independent
The Wealth Makers Publishiag Company,
mo M Street, Lincoln, Neb.
Obohos Hw Oi"o
hmm T (iuirri uiimnww '
J. . HVATT,.
"If any man meat fall 'or m to x,
Than mU I not to climb. Another'! pain
I ebooM not for my good. A golden chain,
A rot of honor, is too good a prlv
To Wropt my butty band to do s wrong
Onto fellow wan. Tbl life bftlb woe
Bttfllctont, wrought by man's satanlo fei
And whotbtt bfttb heart would dare prolong
Or add a sorrow to a strlckea eoul
That seeks a beallng baltn to make It whole?
My boeom owne the brotherhood of man, "
Publishers Ananannement.
The ubii:rlitlon price of Tin WAtTH
Max mi In li.uuimr jreur, In ad'ance,
AoMTft In eoilc.ltliis eubRfirtptlniu should be
very careful that all name are correctly
....fll .,.4 tirntwr lKMlonil Klven. Wank
(or return aubwrlpilonm return envelopes,
tr.. mil be hwl ou n,llcatlou to thuj office,
a, .iirn vunr uuiiie. No matter bow
ofurn ou writ u do not nKlni tbl ltnportr
tnl waiter. Kvery week we receive lettew
2.1.1. lInl.u J.AtmauM or WllDOUt KlKtift-
turee aud
" IM.M.J... ,..... I. .A l.-l..
It I SOUwMUBe U11IK ui .
RHbecrlbere wlnhlag
tocbanire their itoNtomneaddrewi muetalwaye
live their lormur a wen tw mm, ui.-. -.
ireea when cbanK will be promptly made.
No treepaite nerel tleUolT the earth t
You own no laud upun It.
You've lost lor aye your right of birth,
And we, by might, have won It.
(ietoS I CJet off I OetolJ theearib!
Our title prove we own It.
tlet off I Oel off I Get off the earth !
We can't bare traiupa upon It.
Man communication received in
the lust five daji, we could not even
look through. They will most of them
appear next week.
WE wore distressed because we could
1 print twice as much hi our typo and
space would permit thli week. These
are history making times,
With labor bought and eold at com
modity, why should not the railroad be
asked and compelled to transport labor
ers a commodities, at freight rates?
Senator Allkn h grand speech In
defense of the Commonwealers' rights
to peacefully enter Washington and
petition Congress, will be printed In our
next Issue.
Tub great strike on the Northern
Paelflo is on, and President Dobs of the
American Hallway Union la the right
man to, engineer It. He is great in
head and heart.
Tuerk has boon secret national poli
tics behind the action of the railroads
and Governor Jackson, And there will
also be open polltlos of the widest and
warmost kind ahead of that action.
I3ilANCUi!.!Sol tue Commonweal Army
are bolng organized East and West in
many oltlos and twenty or more differ
ent bodies, each numbering from 100 to
l.liOO, are now on the march, their
numbers swelling as they move forward,
Just as wu go to prose, too late to
set, comes a letter from Congressman
McKelghan saying, under no circum
stances will he permit his namo to be
used as a candidate for the olllco of U.
S. Senator. Letter will be published
next week.
If men huvo no natural right to a
place to worl and live, and no legal
right to anything to live on until they
produce it, it would aeuta that millions
today, with co place to work and
moneyless, hare no rights except the
light to starve, aud uo liberty except to
get off the earth. -But whence came
the rights of those who fen jo up the
earth without using U, and who com
mand wealth without producing It?
"Certain lewd leliow of the baser
sort" were bought by the capitalists to
mob the meeting of the lloetou Com
monwealers. Fifty thousand whiakj
Inspired wen set upon the ipraktr,
tore their fUg, threw a lady speaker
down and trampled her under foot, and
dispersed with violence those who
wUhd Vi us the right of free speech J
The police preaeat stood In with the
rioters and gave the peaceable) abid
tag Speakel aud their iV.oud to pro
tectlon. IUhWo Is the same old lloeton
It was la the days tf WtUlsiu Lloyd
.arrl"0 ard Wrmkil Phillips.
j I i
Till editor t( this Is ahoul
send lot the watuHtlpi tif a new sng
bvk to the pra. It ill be n,-w wordg
and nw muele, JJtt what U awedvd- a
IhkiIi that will artiUM lntvae nihul
am ta the ranks of the great Induetrtal
movement, lu tUle will U "Alma,
gcdklon." 11 contains the gotpvl whUh
the uiaaK will lt! and cMtend ff la
their fnal tival "lib the u,-apu
ly e othrvbrd rlaeses. About la!f t
the sv( rfig J Vi'lll ami
ad a4oa. ltr(t fot'y aJ f.f'y t
Medially tfWihe aew, a4 ehoU
txillectloo wf Hfti en or Bnrw t!d, snags,
SeaJ in jor erdi i. A ?. wat Kok,
ut the price, If tuttk. will be made
33 eeate.
The country ia agitated from center
to circumference over the question,
what is to be done with the unemployed.
The organization of peaceful companies
and regiments of landless, moneyless,
hnmnlpM men and women and their
movement across tiie country to the
seat of government to petition not for
charity, but work, is a new and mlgbliy
awakening, startling fact. It has no
parallel in history. Nothing approaches
it in likeness except the vast multitude
of the hunsrrv and women,
led hv aardtt FranraU and national
guards, who streamed out of Paris on
October Gth, 1780, and marched to the
seat of government where the royal
court and the National Assembly were
sitting, to demand that the load of op-
nM..inn ha lifted at on co from tne
people. It will not take as much suffer
lng today to lead to a violent revolution
. t MA s. hundred vears airo, There.
fore let the monopoly oppressors and
their official tools beware how they
annA tba nooule to madnf HS. 'J here are
far-reaching sympathies called forth by
the spectacle of a body of men who have
looked for work in vain until they are
penniless, and who, marching unarmed
under the Hag of tbelr country toward
Washington to plead there for the right
to work that they may live by tholr
own labor, are fenced In by bayonets
and compelled to Ho down in iho mud
and endure the pelting of an Icy ball
through tho long night shadows.
suffering forced npon General Kelly's
peaceful, patient followers; and the
people will not allow murderous rail
road attorneys like Hubbard to have
their way and starve, or kill, or dlmru
out of ifAZ-that's what tyranny wants
and pauperise and make unwilling
vagrants of them. Neither will thoy
allow laws whloh were not framed for
the poor or for such emergencies to be
invoked against good citizens to take
away their liberties, to hedge them
abouc with gleaming steel and compel
thorn to die like dogs. The treatment
which tho railroad and the governor
of Iowa have dealt out to General
Kelly's men has aroused to the pitch of
fury the humane citizens not alone of
Omaha and Couucll Bluffs, bnt as many
ai have bad a chance to road the facts
printed in the Omaha papers. And tho
more those men, our brothers, bur fol
low citizens, are by the railroads and
governors and machine soldiery made
to suffer from hunger and exposure, the
more will the people be aroused to
sweep away their legal wrongs and the
iron bands of unfeeling brutes, Uncon-
tltutional laws have takon away the
independence and inttllenable natural
rights by the constitution guaranteed
to these men. Therefore, Congress can
not refuso to consider their needs end
rights If they go to Washington as
loyal, peaceful citizens and ask for tho
work that makes liberty possible.
'It is not a theory, but a starving con
dition,' which confronts the unemployed
poor of this land, and the destitute con
dition of tho unemployed may not be
trifled with by lawmakers who spend
their time forever wrangling over tariff
theories, while the people through no
fault of theirs are perishing.
"Government employment for the
Is tbe aeklng for work that tho people
may cease bolcg a burden on those who
are at work, a disloyal or unreasonable
and unjustifiable politico? Those who
would refuse this domain! of ablebidlcd
men for an opportunity to live honestly
and Independently would compel tholr
fellow citizens to wander as tramps and
be ut vagrants, on be dumped with do
graded paupers, or enter tho ranks of
that class of criminals who steal or rob
contrary to law. Down, down, down
with tho men who will not allow their
follow men to live honcetly and honor
ably by their own labor,
Government employment at produc
tive labor would save to the producers
that net profit which all private capi
talist and money loaners demand, and
would enable them to buy luu k out of
the markets as much as they produced.
So by this method of production and
distribution, fur all engaged In It there
would lie no market glutting, no panic
making, no producing and pouring lut-
the market more than they would have
power to draw out,
B'km HtciHtry Hrt h tupply human
tisioi ruof h rilaimJ ftkm k kii
14 UndandenpiiaU 4id tht lawl authar
It us ('.' not pwUt rrt tt in Uu
tttt crlmimlt (fie? pfltJjM". it AnVMrs
utitxurg t ppl h (VAvrrM to twnt
Jwe-.WW, km' tUL'tU frtm ihi dfiddfui
lHmktim f tiftiUm fA m hand,
4'ria W tfWt HKiiiiti
Um r turn m Ms fAf
And if CoBgrves wUI not hear and help
thee4 U tloeperale) needwhat thra?
lnintedUWs voluntary, wgaaUed d
fen tif the pour again! thstr lawful
stteutle. "Itator the hand vt man
made las, th baud of God wade u ."
And ae em pan) leg this Rtotetueat for
the t rotrt iU of AwrWa aaoh l
ad ti etmittui'toaal right to laUir ta
rd't t th Independently and he
hapty, will Ki sued dltieitl uprUlpg
of the jmtlo lola,t as this touatry
ha never -r, l.lfo, liberty, la!or
and Ue Ut the Hte, tho lt tli jr
oih, I dtttauddt and thero ar
Wa million men wkt Ul mareb 1 1 thw
ia!U't bi, tth haid on s. N If 8ml
tw, to deuuad tr ruhva ttf the op-
The German Reichstag has this month
been excited by the serious proiiosltlon
of an eminent Conservative leader (not
a socialist, take notice) that the govern
ment assume entire ownership and con
trol of tbe grain traffic of the Empire.
Chancellor Capri vl led the opposition,
and the bill was rejected by the ma
jority. But It indicate what is coming.
If the grain trade were In the bands of
the people's agents here, instead of in
the hands of private speculators, and if
we also had transportation at cost over
government-owned railroads it would
drive a good many thieving toll-gatherers
out of business.
Tho pass at Thermopylae was not more
Important to the Greeks than is tbe
passage way to Washington to tho
plutocrats, who would stop tbe Indus
trials from entering their place
power, It is the first critical moment
or period in tho reign of plutocracy
The millions out of work might Starve
or beg, or in tbelr despurato nievd Wat
all wages down to the baroxt living
limit Ictpt i paratt, unorganhed and
unheard, except as individuals in local
neighborhoods; and tho pooplA would
not bo moved, the American hatred of
oppression would not bo awakened, But
if tho peaceful bands bcurlng ''Old
Glory" are not checked and broken up
and dispersed out of sittbt, the wealth
making masSea and all justice loving
citizens will ho terribly wrought up
over the struggle these men are mak
ing to be men; and a political uprising
and uniting of the industrial millions
will place the people's reul represents
tlvcs in control of Congress, tho state
legislatures and the executive depart
incuts of government.
There is great danger, too, in apply'
ing force, or using starvation to drive
these phalanxes of povorty asunder
Tbe efforts of Governors West and
Jackson, and railroad attorneys Hub
bard and Baldwin, Ac, havo roused to
a pitch rt resfKtlosB fury two cities and
at tho tatao time violently agitated the
wholo country, The road to Washing
tn can not be closod against tho loyal
poor, I twill not answer to provoke
violence Tho only thing which can
be done is to hear tho people; and when
the people who have been defrauded of
tbelr birthrights have to bo hoard the
end will draw on apace, Would to God
tho monopolists would listen to tbe plea
for justice and reiinqulnh peacefully
their despotlo power; but unjust power
was never yet given up without a vlo
lont struggle to retain if.
Joseph was a provident man. Belaid
up the wheat he saved in granaries
against bad years. The way to translate
that into tbe language of modern life U
to save money In a bank or a permanent
investment. Even a boy or a girl will
slo well to follow Joseph example, and
save part of the money be gets, so as to
have a little Account in a bank that will
be growing all tbe time. It is a splen
did hublt. Nobody gets rich that does
not look ahead as Joseph did.
Wo clip the above from tho notes on
last Sunday's lesson, given in the New
York Independent. It is impressed up
on the young as the Scriptural lesson,
the Divine teaching; and if the toxt was
Interpreted by all teachers as this New
York preacher explains it, the Sunday
school scholars of the world, trusting
their touchers, have bocn made to think
It is a Ado thing to havo a self-growing
bank account, to draw usury (all inter
est is usury, and condemned by Jehovah )
from tho produot of others' labor, to get
rich by taking advantage of the bor
rowers' necessities. The wisdom and
duty of accumulating In good years for
bad years Is acknowltdged, but hoard
lng to take advantage of those who
must borrow, to dictate lmul table
terms and gather wealth produced by
others is oppression, Is robbery, Is de
structive of liberty, equality and love.
It Is not "a splendid habit," buta devil
ish crime against GoJ and man.
The writer has a baby boy two months
old, and his heart is concerned for that
hoy's future as a true father s heart
must be. Hut he would Infinitely
rather his boy should never see the in
side of a church or Sunday erhl thr
to hare such a false oouoeptlou of right
and wrong Died in his forming mind.
The question involved In this Sunday
sohool teaching, above quoted, ia the
fundamental question of equity, justice,
righteousness. Wrong teaching upon
this question of what Is just, leads to
wrong llvlngi and no proWon, no
baptWin, no religious labors oa Seeday,
no charity collections, no faith in
GhrUt's power t save sinners will save
here or hereat'tr asyone who lives uu
justly, unrihteouly, seldehly.
All the evils which adUvt sootety
grow out of this f ! teaohtag, that ess
rosy command others to produce wvaltk
tor him and accumulate as hi own the
real, luvrl and dividends which
other mea'a labor produce., "SoWdy
ge's rich" IW doe m u accumulate
from others' t '11; and by these Km t
product, which thee vhrtooutrol price
aad JloUt term vt tltr.g gain, th
n. ' are kept or, and the poort.t
l-y ttcvieaad perlh from aorj. 4
for thoe who luuit jleld instead t'f
rvoUln Ait loc ni,'i a long, hard,
urn rrlala trugI tor pi and broad
antt clothing and eheiler, la the Kiel'
acta ftorU therv U no law hut !flh
ao, no If v, o justice, ao rlgatoeus
, no relUtoB. The baud f the in
dividual 1 kept OA the ttftBt auJ
defensive Against every other man, and
every otber man's hand is against him.
And yet it is in business, in the every
day labors and exchanges whloh we
must all live by, that Christianity, or
obedience to tho law of justics, must
how Itself, must exist, if there is any
thing real in ones profession of it.
Of what use is it to teach the children
and tbe people that God's law is that we
must love each other as we love our
selves, snd then Interpret tbe Jaw to
sanctlen contending with and preying
upon one another six days out of seven?
Of what use is it to claim that the Bible
is the inspired word of God, and that
tbe eternal law of justice is, "In the
sweat of thy face sbalt thou eat bread,"
and then accept in tbe church men who
live and accumulate by the sweat of
others? Of what use is it to preach
that men must forsake sin or perish,
and then allow them to continue in sin
untaught and unrebuked?
Tbe cburcb ought to hold up tbe
Dlvino standard of righteousness. It
docs not do it. It ought to, H must,
show what the law of justice and love
requires. It does not now know itself.
It ought to look into tbe question of
tho right or wroug of charging rent,
interest and dividends anything in ex
Ol'c: of what is lett. Will It do it, when
(threat end growing number of teachers,
part in snd part out of the church, do
oluft that its present practice and
teaching or lack of teaching aro im
moral? The church bai been mistaken
on thi) slavery question. Lt it tot
thltik it is above the possibility of being
also mistaken on tho fundamental ques
tion of equity and the business require
ment', of equal, of tiual'ulng, love; or
that H can keep silent on this mighty
moral difference which separates it
from an intomcly earnest company of
social reformers. As a church member
himse'f the writer begs, urges, insists,
that tho ordained expounders of the law
preach the Divine law regarding usury
bible usury), ront and dividends, and
tho immorality of anyono with a mono
poly of natural, God given forces acquir
ing ' goods and.;, gratifications which
another's sweat has produced.
There are thousands of our readers
who must depend on our paper to give
them the information which everyone
anxious to obtain regarding the
Commonweal Army, Us origin, its his
tury, its objects, its personnel a its rela
tlon to the unsettled social and political
Mr. Coxcy is a horso breeder and
stock raiser, a man of means, a man of
ndopendont mind., And this is what
be has said regarding the origin of tho
"The idea which is at the bottom of
this marcb to Washington plan, is this:
I had become convinced that the raonev
ques'loa wui at the bottom of our
troubles, it is our monetary system
which has caused our financial treublsa.
thrown men out of work, and made
millions suffer. I have been trvlntr for
seventeen or eighteen years to bring
this faot to general public attention. It
can only be brought forward by some
means mat win rivet attention to It."
Tho Bucoecs of the unprecedented
scheme to rivet attention is already
manifest. The old party press which
bus bceu suppressing news and con
spiring to keep silent and continue tho
sham tariff fight forever, has been com
pelled to devoto largo space to tbe
Commonwealers under Coxey and Kelly;
the country Is becoming more and more
aroused. Sympathy for the unemployed
who are marching under tho old Hug to
petition Congress for tho right to work
in order to live and live Independently,
1 being stirred up every where among
all lovers of freedom; and Congress,
wito. the Commonwealers yet in tho
distance, has been compelled to open
the discussion regarding them and
their anticipated petitions.
Tho fUt plan of the powers that con
trol the dally preei to prejudice the
publlo mind against tho Commonweal-
ers by calling them tramps and vaga
bonds and lawlcss.dacgerous characters,
has completely failed, though the mst
viciously lying dallies of the east and
wont are still trying to make it go. The
effort to drive them back with guns and
curt order and physical power ha
also failed. Tho brutal treatment
of the K'ellj division At the baud
of murderous railroad oftMala And the
machine soldier of monopoly -tool
governor, ha drawn the attention of
mtillout to their outraged rtghu, to
their heroic, toldlerly suffering; And,
Urttng wltnoulu(Au,wllbout friends,
Aad with the worst puetbe slMtder
sitnt ahead of them, they cava by
their trltot mauHn. captured
heat if friend and beaten back all
their enemies.
Ml. Coiey wUhc Cogra to
two bill ta provide employ ate at for the
unemployed. Due 1 called the good
read bill, and calls fur th leeu of
VO.iHkM) In grwnback of full legal
terder, Utbuvd by thedlffereet tUto
aeoordtug t popuUlle to pay forth
entrvK'UoR of Niter roada, aa eooa
omte Improvement much nti'J In
tttauy part of the I'ntoa. Tfa bill pro
tide that thlt liuprvivvmeal shall to
wal and Hi itvMtey p'tt voder IK
dlrvrilun of th eoerewy of war, the
wg t to ba l .oO A day tf eight hour,
II (or roaa aw J teaw. The ot)y o
Introduced UVU'lrvulaUoA without la
Wroet, without bowds, would greatly
I u reams the demand tor aa4 ooa4a
t va vt all pivduvi of Uto And the dt
mand thusmade for all sorts of goods
would set everybody needing work at
Mr. Coxej's second proposed bill is
simply a broader one of the same kind.
"It provides that when any state, terrl
tory, county, township or municipality
wishes to make any publlo improvement
it can issue a bond Mot to exceed In
amount one-half the assessed valuation
of the property within it and deposit
that bond with tbe secretary of the
treasury." Those bonds are to be non
Intemt bearing, and when one is received
at the treasury tho secretary shall iisuo
to its face value of full legal tender
treasury notes, less 1 per cent to cover
the cost of printing and engraving
These are to be repaid at the rate of
four per cent per annum, without in
torest. This will enablo every town
and city to provide employment for all,"
says Mr. Coxey,
The taxpayers of Nebrrska can see at
a glance how great a saving It would
have been to them had their county
court houses i been built under such a
law, instead of selling county bonds at
a discount and paying a rate of interest
which hat more thon doubled the cost
Under the not proflt.capltitllstio system
of production and distribution tho
producers are always obliged to
sell their labor or products for 1ine
than the consumption prlecr for tho
goods. Therefore they cannot buy out
ox tuo market as much as they turn in
and so from lock of demand for goods
and services somo must always be out
or worn. According to official statistics
in MasHttchusltts thirty per cent of tho
workers are out of work a third of tho
time. Thoso who are out of work and
in need, competing for work.koep labor
prices down so that millions with family
expenses, pinched and wretchedly in
want at best, are unable to accumulate
enough to carry them through a pro
tracted season of enforced idleness.
Such a season as we have boon passing
tarougn ror tho last twelvemonths
reduocs millions of our moot economic
and willingly productive workers to
absolute destitution. Wo l,nv th
figures to show that the past winter
more than a tenth part of tho people
n tbe cities and manufacturing towns
nave boen kept alive by deirradinir
onarny. tho suffering has been an
palling. But only a few of the charity
workers have seen it. Tho dead sua of
poverty rises higher and higher, and
those who must sink into ft can soldora
rise out of it. Every porlod of businoNS
stagnation drags down fresh thousands
who before were struggling to keep
from the verge of want.
And while all this has boen golnp on
the wealth takers, without labor, by
moans of rent, interest and monopoly
enforced profits, have been concentrat
ing the national resources, the land
the mines, tbe oil wells, tho steam and
olectrio energies, the transportation
properties, etc., Into their hands and
disinheriting' God'e poor. They have
grasped the two great political ma
chines and run them on business principles-for
private profit. So liberty
has come to be for millions nothim?
real, nothing in reality but permission
to beg or starve. Something had to bo
done. Something has been done.
Mr. Coxey started with loss than a
hundred men from Masslllon Ohio, and
has continued his march through
fennsylvanla over the enow-covered
mountains into Maryland, and Is still
moving on. His band of Common
wealers has grown as It progressed, and
groat crowds have poured out to seo
and cheer and feed them as they moved
from town to town. At Alleghany City
Pa., tho people of the city (and Pitts
burg) poured out to meet them in such
a deuse crowd that Director Murphy of
the department of publlo safety got
alarmed and btougbt tbe Commonweal
ers by another road Into the city. The
Chicago Herald reporter telegraphed
April 3rd to bis paper as follows:
uo uuuuroti tuoueaud peooie saw
Commander Coxey' army of ragged
aud dust sulnt-u men eater this city this
afternoon. Jhs demonstration acwrdtd
la in mistraolt vnalurts hits no pirai,ti
in history, A baroarlan, returning (rum
a campaign with tho scalps of hi foes
strung to his ImU, could not hav
arouuod more euthuelaiira than marked
the progress of the siwllhtmnd horse-
inau and ((Uarryman, wbo I now on his
way to Washington, to urge Congres
to pas tne gooq roau non-Hit. rest
bearing bond bill which be ha framed
te thruet into both wing of the vapitol.
The New York Trlhuno, though hav
ng no word of sympathy for the Com
muAwealer And the eauae of the unem
ployed, was obliged to say of them;
Tbe entry Into (leaver KaM wa In
the line of An ovation, the principal
street boleg hlockrd with people, who
wore attracted more tnrttugti Ulle ouil
onj mat anr miter puriHwo, ine
aiiuy in arc hi' d owr the leading
tnoriiugufarv prettou lu t'Atuplug
Alut twelve tWaiu pron vUlusd
Ilia rump during Ihwday and Inlt even
eg a nt m-elltig imiii q tkit
porAHviui, Coxey, llrowue, el. a). tm
leg tb chief speaker.
MY. t oiey and his command Inn prJl.
Cf, 1 art ninwrte, deliver addreeee to
b erow J, u acre sr.J acrc uf men,
at every stoppteg lae; and the peopl
iv turn out to elite f Aed lUteii to
thutn huep lht Abundantly supplied
with pMUUt, Thettiuveiueutlooetv
e the great h art of elf ugg'lng humani
ty, and U !4tg together the woi kl
niA e. It it alto vailing forth the
)MplhW Of Ki tf tueati ho holo
lUptirU tA tb New York Tribune
U'ed that "lh entire -pu!
tlavt the od."
April 26, 1894
Simultaneously with the movement
in Ohio An organization of unemployed
men in San Francisco essayed to start
for Washington. The industrial situa
tion on the pacific slope has been terri
ble for a year. No work could be
obtained and something bad to be done.
General Kelly, who by the way is one
of tbe grandest, noblest, most Christian
men (workers only can be such) in the
Republic, said to World-Herald re
porter. ' Kan Francisco is like a giant rat
trap; it is not hard for a worklngmaa to
get into, but it is a very hard country
to get out of. On the one side is the
Puolflo ocean, which can be neither
waded nor swam; and on tbe other is
500 miles of the devil's own country,
tho Nevada desert. It li hard to tell
which is the worst to get aorosi, the
ocean or the desert, Afen aro coming
la every day. Every man who gets us
far west as Chicugo on the way from
the east keeps on till he reaches Kan
Francisco and then he can neither keep
on nor turn back. The streets a full
of poor dovlls, who are mechanics or
even professional men, nut who are
obliged to bruoo tho passerby for some
thing to live on. You cannot walk a
block in tho evening without having
one or two poor fellows hit you for
something to get fond, I used to be
struck by men with union cards every
day and everybody elso was tho some,
way, if they looked at all promising,
"Labor is at a wonderfully low ebb on
thoooust," General Kelly suid reflec
tively. "Thorn is no hope for the man
without a certain job ahead of him, no
matter what may bo hi qualifications.
Wo huvo in this army men of every
walk of life, college gruduatce and
professional men as well as laborers,
and not one of them bus bi en able to
make a success of tho hustle in the
beautiful el I mate of California. fh
country is lino enough, tbo weather is
good and liviug 1 cheap, but money
cannot be earned,
When asked tho object of the trip to
WoHblniton. ho sulo.- "Th.. t...r,.-
(it j V. ' ' akisuv unuuur
ully Indicates our oui-nniot." n,i ,..
ed to a banner upon which was Inscribed,
these words: "Government emDlovmont
lor tno unemployed " "We uro hm,!
a memorial prepared by our friends in
"which w bo roiolv In a. hrtr uJJ
that will explain our wants In detail.
wish to extend the thanks of th nnti
army to the good people of Nebraska
iui iuuir urn
The following obligation is taken hv
all who Join (ion. Kelly's army:
I have sworn to sunnnrt i ha
tlon of the United Mate and the in
dustrial army: to ohov all Inwrni nu
that may be said or banded to mo by
those ordered so to do; to rondrr support
and assistance to all oBloors and com
rades of the army, to never violate any
laws of the United tttutoa nr mwi .tuir.
or territory in which I, or aid
or abet any riotous conduct; to respect
the rights of property and law and
order; to never act in any manner to
bring discredit uoon the. inrinutriui
army of the United States.
California towns paid b x car fare to
bring tho Industrials under Kelly as far
ai )gden, whore Gov. West of Utah in
tercepted them, eorrallod them with
armod territorial soldiers and did his
utmost to force tho railroade to take tbe
,200 men back to tho ootst. But thev
marched out and found an empty train
whloh brought thorn to Council Bluffs.
At Grand Island, after repeated calls,
Gen. Kolly mounted a box car and ad
dressed the crowd in the following
Citizens of Grand Island. In thn nam
of California division of the comrtion.
weal army, I thank you for your kind
noss and generosity, and hopo to leave
a better feeling toward the army be
hind, than has preended us through the
press. We ure honest lnhnrimr
simply asking for justice. No profes
sional trump nted apply, we don't enlist
them. We have broken no luw nn t.h
statute book nor harmed any man. VVe
have spent two weeks ou the road. Part
of the time In box oars, the remainder
oa the bare ground, muny sick and ail
suffering, striving for a principle we
tuiuk is right. I trust 1 am an honost
man. Hut sometimes in the august
presence of Utah's governor, when sur
rounded by soldiers and Uutllng guns,
I almost felt like a convict. Gov, west
s tid we must go buck or force would be
used. Bat despite bayonets a'.d (iatllng
s;un, wHHfHhHr nd more than that
are going to Washington. The eyes of
tho world are on u, and should the '
authorities of any state harm us, then
wllLll bacleurly demonstrated that it
U lawlrtte to be poor. I a at not much
of a soldier, but I loft a g.nnl one at
home; lor when twodaysout I wont btck
t set myself tight before the pUUp ut
San rrNueUee ou account of intssute
ments In the pre... my wifo met me
with the words "So deeertor wanted
here your pla e I. At the front, ami i
will be real guard "
Thanking you again for your kind
uvea, it Is my hoi and prayer that vou
And your may never lt fom, .1 m iu..T...
object of publlo charity," "
r.Jtior llurr of the AurorA lUfl.u,
.ay. the people of Grn4 Island were
moat agreeably surprised. ,
orderly, geutlumrnly set of men wore
over seen, ure wa tu bud laiv
uo profanity, mi vulgarity hrd from
any of limn. Thty Acre jrfoetly
drilled, and the dUclpUn was net that
of fear but ehulee. Old Glory , le
at the f wnr, a.. J many d bjn..M
Are kept dUplAyrd, I Lie are 1UW of
the luotWie,
t.amrmtent Kmidoyiiient for tk-
I'nentploysd "
"ProterllhelWiUoltU Will mr
Wet I Welt,"
"Gjldat a frrmluie. HuHiauttv m
!Ug M ty la-
U I i,f u m.j, h
We IW-A t Ak HaKdi,,,
and llian-
le . All Wo Aik I.
f 'ual au4 et lu.'tu te alii
vUl prUllegv tt none "
OttiAha fed the UduatrUI houaiifuiU
And lhy pe4 tl!euoollliiv,.iTs ere
Govruv.r Jaikioa, AetlngAt reu f