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About The Lincoln independent. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1895-1896 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1895)
WUE RUSSIAN KNOUT.
BARBAROUS INFLICTIONS OF
THE WORST TORTURES.
It! labaman Una on Vlrtlms Only
Lately Abolished In the I'zar'a Do
mains Cruel Instrument Obsolete
Politics of Enlightened Russia.
zation sheds very
slowly its forms of.
legal cruelty. Eng
land, less than a
century ago, used
to hang men for
against the sacred
rights of property.
RuHsla only Just
lately has abolishod
the use of the knout, though the father
ot the present Czar favored the removal
of this blood-stain from Russian rule.
Alexander II. invited all the governors
of provinces and penal settlements to
report upon their experience with the
knout. Without exception they had
favored its abolition. In many places
it was revealed that the local police
resortfd to It on the slightest provoca
tion; tfcat they spared neither age nor
sex; that delicate women and tender
children were frequently maimed for
fife by its use. Nor was this all. Sta
tistics were submitted which showed
that within the past ten years 3,000 per
sons, convicted of petty offenses, had
died from its effects.
The knout is ilrst heard of in the reign
of Ivan llf. This was toward the close
ot the fifteenth century. It was an in
strument even more hideous than any
thing now known in Russia a whip
with a handle nine inches long, and a
very complex lash composed of six
pieces held together by two metal rings
and ending In a beak-like hook.
The edges of the lash were sharpened
to a f.i.o point. Every blow cut "an
with a two-edged sword. To heighten
the effect, the trained executioner, by a
deft and artistic motion, pulled the lash
toward him while recovering, so that
the cunningly devised hook brought off
a long, ibin strip of flesh at every blow.
The trousseau of the gentleman who
was being operated upon, consisted only
of a pair of drawers. He was fastened
flat on his belly on an inclined frame,
the hands and feet extended at full
length and firmly bound to Iron rings at
the extremity cf the frame. With a re
finement of ingenuity, the head of the
sufferer wa3 often bo closely confined
that lie could not get relief for his feel
ings in howling.
Not every one could handle the knout
successfully. It required a nice combi
nation of qualities, native and acquired.
Having first been born, the executioner
must he made. A cold and cruel spirit,
an iron nerve and great strength
these were the gifts which somo fairy
godmother must have showered upon
him in his cradle. A long apprentice
ship would be necessary to develop
these excellent attributes. Usually the
chief executioner was somo criminal
who Lad himself been condemned to
the punishment he was saved to ad
minister. During his moments of leisure from
active employment it was his business
to give instructions to pupils. A sort
of lay figure was used for practice. The
chief executioner instructed his apt ru:d
willing scholars in the art of dealing
, their blows so that the injury might be
gradual' d according to the nature of
the crime or the size of the bribe which
t lie ex'-outiouer might have surrepti
If tire executioner were inclined to
mercy he could Inflict immediate death
by making the victim dislocate his own
neck. Or he could protract the agony
for an Lour or so by cutting into the
With fhe original knout, n f.enfrri"
of from 100 to 120 lashes was equivalent
to a sentence of death. Indeed, in many
cases trie victim died under the opera
tion kiig before the number was com
pleted. That was a pity. The kindly
Iluf.-siar. heart, with kindness tempered
by a Hvere sense of justice, looked on
the criminal as a cheat if he died
witho.;! receiving his entire sentence.
There Ice, from time to time the sever l
ty of 'it knout was mutinied until the
nffnur could receive a sentence of
The :,i,t knout In tue- the knout
vblcs jean Just been abolished wu an
on'.r.ii; v Ihree-t hunted l:ih tlnped wiiti
c.i, ',. tali, and known us IcmI. ir
I- i nlv fair to nay Mutt nine the mws.
iiifi ( I AexnndT II. ewn Him h.nl hvti
u-i! u.ly In certain -iul U ! iiu'iij
- m 'twii'y In Flbei I,i.
"it-.' 1 n ror of t present i!.i' how-
.! Ililt!li:i'( l.l llie lliilll'l t'f I' e
' nllil l' of I'Mi'l'tUlH hy tip
n f oaip ii .iUvel tin tit !,tipM
! idle HH' 'li.
for . it. i it ti.1 ir.oi.v of n
ni'-n b.i'it, nxlilir.! in lt'i-,n in
; ;ie oili I'-miifil tiili,.!. ! 4l it
r, I ci: ; . !u i i i-,1( of M. '
I! I hi t.l li . .hi. i' i
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poor wretch's body seemed In a state
of violent and instantaneous contortion.
Whack! whaek! whack! came the blows
in quick succession till the eighth had
been reached. Each blow was followed
by the same frightful yell and shudder.
Then the chief executioner gave place
to an assistant, and so one relieved the
other until the tale was completed. Tha
screams or the victim became weaker
until about the fiftieth blow, when the
criminal's head fell to one side and he
seemed unconscious of any further pain.
When all was over his back presented
a hideous spectacle. It was one
mangled, bloated mass of deep crimson
hue. He was returned to the prison,
where he died next day.
Even more frightful are the accounts
of the punishment known as running
the gauntlet, which wus practiced until
a comparatively recent period In the
Russian army. Ono cannot help but
shuddering at reading the accounts of
eye-witnesses to these hideous proceed
DEATH OF THE BIRDS.
The Fem-ful IfTiTt of tho February
Conl Siihp la Ilia Nnutli.
The readers of "Our Boys and Girls"
have been told of the great damage dono
to the orange-groves and the fig trees
of the south by tho cold "snap" of last1
February, but there Is another loss that;
we who live there have suffered, about
which very little has been said. Tho,
severe weather not only killed our trees
but the thousands of bright-plumed'
birds that have heretofore enlivened
our forests and groves with their beau
tiful coats and their sweet songs. ',
The bluebird, that harbinger of the
early spring, did not give us his merry
greeting thbs year. His bright blue
jacket and brown-red breast were
missed by everybody. Seven little blue
forms, dried and decayed, were found
In one old post on our place, where the
poor creatures had lied in vain for
The blue jay still struts about with
his usual dignity, but only here and
there, showing that his tribe has suf
fered fearful losses. The peculiarly sad
note of tho turtle-dove this year seems
to mourn for tho death of all her
Tho effects upon tho several tribes of
the, oriole seem to be the most curious.
They evidently look upon man as the
worker of all the evil they have suf
fered. Formerly it was an easy matter
to find their swinging nests near to al
most any country house, and they ap
peared not to be afraid of men. Now
they have hidden their nests far out
In the forests and they are shy even of
the breeze as it rocks the cradle of their
young. Even the few humming birds
that are left wiK not come to suck the
pot plant as was once their daily habit.
The woodpecker, though only a sum
mer visitor, la spending his vacation at
other resorts tills season. His lazy ca!l
and his constant di'iitnming upon some
dead tree, so common in tummer be
fore, are conspicuously absent this
year. But the fell destroyer was no
reppeclcr of persons or rank; the royal
family succumbed as well as the peas
antry. The mocking-bird, the queen of
the bird race by virtue of her genius
and inheritance, h alniotit destroyed,
except along the Me xican Gulf. A hun
dred miles back it is hard to find one.
The gum-tiee and its berrlr-s, rhlch
have been held as her home and her
feeding ground as far back as bird his
tory runs, is now the feeding ground of
her commonest subjects, the sap-siii k
er and the yellow-hammer. I have heard
but two singers this year within a
s;-opf where "in former years I have
In losing a crop of oranges, figs and
vegetables, we lose dollars and a few
luxuries whose place may be supplied
by tins other sweet;-. The trees will
grow again after a few years, but it will
be many years before our groves and
forests are full of birds again.
G. W. II.
A 'iinininfiilaee Life.
The trouble is with yon, my dear girl,
that you count little thtnps as of no
worth. Where we have oue great re
nunciation to make we have a thou
sand little ones, and life, which you are
inclined to ('.ill commonplace, I not
so, for every day can be made rich in
beautiful deeds, God. '" J"'. '
merciful, nd when temptation comes
to on. even If yon f.'lil. lie remembers
that j on tried to do what was riant,
and so N t I'.ib r in Ills thoiiKht of you,
Tii' ie ... L' ;sf !w ..'iil-Mes,
even for one day. wli.tt we long to. lint,
my i!,u." hi' ran u.i try for, It, We
can lie fe.n'y fur the lni.i'ule that is be
fore u and -e;uip oui si-he by jirityi f
' and good IIioiik'.iM HO thiit 0 ean tiieet
It Iraiil., urd. pn II. !y, orr'p il.
Of i iiur e, t!, i! W ttliii v e wi. ti In iSi,
I anil ! if f i ii. it r i-ua rn.Mtsh.
I if e fill In' !tl Miilniile. i- lt ij
I lijl Mild lv k.i n .Hi. I kl'' l Oil tl)ih.
t Fii.it. in f r'c. will g)f iu tn'Haii.
I l,d in i"i:s g: ol Mil l v II i !''
; loll".', l.l tl.e !!. l ll! 4l.l-, I" .
C ..I - -i ' ',; I i I'tf !' e, ir lo .! lit J
j '.-. ' l I I I M llieril 'lil.lv l. .1 )
i ; ii ,ii ' itu In ' .iinl.ii ,(
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t ' 1 I :. I ii' . i.l ,M i hi k
I uj t. , i. . V U 1 ri- i .'-Hill' I : tin
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,ll'4.) 'a . "
MRS. GLADSTONE A3 A FAIRY.
A rretty Story About the English
Stetesmaa's Amiable Wire. '
A pretty story of Mr and Mrs. Glad
etono's kiudness to a young- woman is
thus reported by a lady correspondent
of tho Liverpool Echo: Tho young
woman was the daughter of a musio
teacher, who, many years ago, was
engaged to teach Mr. Gladstone's
children. This young woman was
anxious to enter tho musical profes
sion. In somo way, says tho corres
pondent, sho became known to Mrs.
Gladstone perhaps through her
daughters, tho young girl's fellow pu
pilsand that lady, hearing her sinur,
showed her recognition of tho ability
she displayed in many ways, espoo
folly by inviting her to their house
that others might hear end admiro
At last the musio teachor proposed
giving a concert, at which his best
inipila were to perform. Of course,
diss was among them, and very
much excited she folt at the prospect
of making her debut boforo tho very
select audience which was secured for
the performance, Mr. and Mrs. Glad
stone, of course, conspicuous among
its members. Shu was not afraid of
the ordeal, boing modestly confident of
her ability to pass it with credit to
horself and master, but sho was a
woman, and a very young and rather
pretty one, and it so damped her an
ticipations of coining triumph to loolc
at her old shabby evening dress, th
only one she possessed, and think of
appearing in it before tho brilliant
audieneo among her well dressed fol
low pupils. In vain did her mother
remind her of tho admiration her su
perior singing would excito; she felt
that a now evening gown, binart and
pretty, would effect far more wonder
ful results than any effort of her own,
and eo, in rather a disconsolate mood,
she practiced away and waited tho
One day, to her surprise, she re
ceived an invitation to dine with the
Gladstones on tho evening of tho con
cert and drive with them to tho hall.
Very gladly sho accepted it, and
thought how good it was of them to
let her make her debut, as it were,
under their wing, besides saving her
tho cxDcnse of a cab. Ho, though still
In rueful contemplation of her toilet,
she felt a little better, and in duo
time arrived at the hospitable door.
There she was shown into a bedroom,
and smilingly told that whatever she
found laid out for her was for he.-r uso
as she saw fit. Surely tho days of
fairy god mothers are not over, for on
tho bed, spread out in dazzling white
ness, reposed a marvel of muslin, rib
bon and laeo, a charming evening
gown, fresh from tho rnodiste, and
simplo and pure as any "sweet girl
graduate'' might wish to wear at her
first appearance in public. There was
no doubt about it. it was really for
her this thoughtfully arranged gift
of tho kind laely, whose motherly
heart had i!ently understood what
tho feelings of the girl under tho cir
cuiiibtancus would be.
So, very happily and gratefully, the
pretty gift wa-i donned, and the blush
ing recipient hastened down to join
tho family whose voneratod head wan
quite as much interested in the littlo
eurpriso us any ono else concoruod.
The Value of Trrrs.
Ilovr many farmers mid others, too,
whose places are destitute of fruit and
shade trees. Again, how many rented
places are devoid of trees of all kinds,
lias the land-owner ever stopped to
consider that a small orchard, a few
yard trees around every tenement
house will greatly enhance the value,
attract and hold a better claps of ten
ants, make life more enjoyable and
that too at practically no cost? We tell
you there is a great deal of selfishness
when, wo look abroad and see how
stingy and selfish many are with their
tenants, and oftentimes pen nance some
good farmer rents his farm and moves
aw?.y and Is so selfish as to reserve all,
yes, all the fruit produced, denying even
this to his tenant. Land owners oo
their tenants and the public generally, a
duty by planting at least a Moderate
quantity of trees. This Is n wise pub
lic policy. Ornamental Tree Growing.
Jor In Worship.
The Hebrew worship, we are npf to
think, was awe-lusplrlng ami tlierefore
gloomy; but It had, nevertheless. Iarg
room for gladness. The miiilti ent
colle.-tlon of lValma hl'h have come
down to us Kive token that the lenient
cf Joy predominated in tho worship of
their assruibllcH. To this d iy we i-3i
find no b"tter rpression of exu'.Miu
motion than llieje mings .tipply. Wi
in not tlniiU ftrt lire wrong ill Uii"rt Ini;
that the tone of public n hi ;ti Ij tinl.iy n
quli In-low ! : t of Hi Hebrew, and
certainly below Ui.it of the liirly C'u-N-tiiui
In gl.pin-i la "nr liviiiiu .nut
litmr.le use 111' is oii! '; I,ui It t
el let hi i ii it In t lie woi li i;i o' a mullet ti
ronKri-K.it 'n in is i iu torn o.' i
I ' It!', 1'iJilt of jjj.
Ill I tlh). I nt.
Or--e iiinii , up li't. who en
ji. t-4 a j,"1'" ' J") t'o' i'ii m a In tst-n-
l t. lie a I 'Mif 11. -ti t ' I'm yu.t
li .1" ," I Hi , il, ' -t I ,' li.H !, i."
lr ..' V."i i. i , I'l.ttf
Jjt ,11,1, p.. ,i, , I,, i4HI .1, )',
. , V O f ' I I ' " 111,',, ',''.'.'
i in- t ' ., . ' a' t in 'I'l-J e
'! . . ... 1 I 'If
V "'! , ' '." ' ' cured
- . these
ii:'1 1 two: ;
IT Will CURE YOU TOO.
Chanees of Death In ItaMtn.
At the battle of Solferino, according
to M. Cnssendi's carofully deduetnd
calculations, a comparison of the
number of shot ! fired on tho Austrian
side with tho number killed and
wounded on tho part of tho enemy
shows that 700 bullets were exn.-ndod
for every man wounded and 4, '200 for
each man killed! Tho averago weight
of tho ball uxed was thirty grains,
thereforo it must have taken at least
126 kilograms, or 227 pounds of lead
for every man put out of tho way.
Yet Solfcrino has gone into history as
a most important and bloody engage
ment. Bogert, in tho light of tho above,
was not far from right, when ho quaint
ly said: "War is awful, but tho sound
of it is awfulcr."
I.lkew VeiKiiin.il 4 S'r rnt
Hidden In the irrm.H, muliirlu but waits mir np
pi'ouch, toKiiriiiK at unit fasten Its funM upon
iih, Tliere In, Iiohuvi i-, a rirlnlii antidote lo
Its veimm which rentiers H powerless fur evil.
JIostetter'H Sliiiiiiu'li Kilters In tuts iichnowl.
ciIkciI mill wnrlil tiiineii Kpfi'ltli!. unil it is. lift
kUIi'h thin, a tliDt-uiir h rtiniihe tor rlii'iiniuiiniii,
rt.VHiiepHiii., liver roiiiplutiit, conM ipiil Ion, In
iri'l (iik) nei voiisiii'ss. in cuiiviilcM-cnce and
uuu It Is very servii-rutilo.
innnrr ror 1 wo.
Mr. Ncwedd-IIow is that, mylovof
Nothing in the house to cat? I gavo
you money this morning. Mrs. Newedd
Yes, I know; but I ran across tho
most exquisitely charming London
dinner gong awfully fashionable,
you know- and 1 couldn't resist tho
temptation to buy it. "Hut what
sliwll wo do for dinner?" "Wo can
listen to tho gong." Xow York
"AMONG THE OZAItKS."
The I.mi'I of nig I led Apples, I nn
(tractive nnd interesting book, handsomely
illuntr toil with vicwt of South Missouri
(cenciy, including tho I unions (I. den fruit
farm of ii,00o aciet in Howell county. It
pt-rtulm to fruit railing la tliot great fruit
belt of America, the nuutliern alope of the
Ozards, and will prove of great value, not
only to fruit growrrK, but to evrry furiner
and lioiiicsec-Lei looking for farm tad a
J, E, Locivroon,
Kansas City, Mo,
Taper indestructible by fire litis
been invented by M. Mejer of l'aris.
A specimen of it was subjected to a
severe test J48 hours in a potter's
furnace and came out with, its gla.e
Walking would often lea i!anre
WM-e Ii ii'i lui I In" iiiiii. I liesc iw'nH af uil !'!
muted Willi llluilrr:urut. I.e. l ilniggnti.
TlieKrenter the lioiite built on the (nud
tbu greater will be ll o losd.
The more one ncrs I'nrher's nins;c. r Tools
fh wis li. n il inslltft srn icii t'rd In ii(i'lli'ig
colon. laiDgoiiuii, ilu "li I w rjr ni.. ut weskutM,
tbu devil's drudgery. -
y bitch ills as
Vi DB'l n.n line,
.1 A I. 11 I.
n ST! BE fa?
WINDSOR HOUSE BOQUET 1"
II. T. CLARKE
Free to Jan. i, 1896.
Wew 8jbeihr who will cut oit th
roiiiasii4 tti.4 it AT ONCE with ruins
end sddicit, aeJ ' 7 ill trcsivs
0-t HiE'o,se 1 p" fiii4i lirfcs
f .1 cue J in 14 ok.fi. lt-ts:l (iu vs.,
T tjsth'i i jifiiwi y s tit!
jiBj'y 1, i,
Is TJink'j.v.iii ','!-). Jtl Vtw
V4l' tluuH !(.li' - .
And The Conipanion
' s W.css,
A I nil Vtn u Jiuir ii?.
Till; YO'ITH'S COMIWNION, ao Columbus
4 kW.V. .. . , ,1 I i-s Uiim. s f Uw,
Highest of all la Leavening Tower. -Latest U. S. Gov't Keport
Far From the Hldewalk.
Why, you poor man! how did you
como to lose your foot in the war?"
"No, ma'am. I used to live in tho
suburbs, and in running for a tra'n on
an early spring morning 1 caught my
foot in tho mud and loft it thhre." -Judge.
Kditor Mr. Keating would
Iho mun for our "Information
Kditor Ho has raised a family
th irtoc a chi Id ren . Truth.
ot Ointments for Catarrh
mercury will surely destroy
As mercury will surely destroy the
sense of smell und completely deranxs
tlio whole aystem when enteilnn it
through the mucous surfaces, Hueh ar
ticles should never be used except on
prescriptions from reputable physi
cians, us Die i1aniuii tliry w ill do is ten
fold to the fc'ood you eun possibly derive
freiin them. Mall's (,'nturrM Cure, manu
factured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo,
(),, corilHiiin no mercury, and Is taken
internally, a'-tinx directly upon the
blood and mucous surfaces of lhn sys
tem. In buying Hall's Catar rh Cure, be
sure you get the genuine, it Is taken in
ternally, und uuida In Toledo, Ohio, by
f J. Cheney & O, Testininiiluls free.
Sold by fli'UKfflsis; pike, 75c per bot
tle. Hall's Family Fills. Toe.
The IUpl'1 Messenger (lor.
Tomtnl'! Maasinu, I want to bo a
.Mitmina Very well, my son. I'll
send you to I'kiMolphiu and educate
If the llaliy is Cutting Teelh.
fill furs and una llistulil swl slltili1 rmnrdr, Hu
Winswm's buorui.NU Sruir fur ClilMiou ln.iLlpg-
There would io more revivals If more of
the picirlilng weru done to the s'iiui is in
Hit i liun lies.
I lino rim's ( uro for Consumption both
In my fnniily mil irsttee. ur. u. .
i'Tlr.lCo. liikhler. Miili
SMIV. il, I Bill,
If some people votild think twliels'ore
they . link tliuy -would LeipiLill mottof
"Hanson's Maglo Corn Dalve."
WsnsiHsil lu 'no or Himwf isliinilsti. k jnul
IriiKiOnt lur IU l'i !' It rnno,
Hlrikin ni'iniicrs Ate
bud inn tiners..
FITS -!U''lisUii'i"lfrehv Vr- li line's Ore"
rve llesnirer. ku Knsafler lue lirsi !. ie.
MKi-K'UMiix-nn . Tn'siineiUHi f'irisi Iikii I-ri"i l
i il i w . bum lu Oi . b ill" ,'J..I A i li bi., i'liiU.,
1 lie pnoreHt penple in Die world mo those
who try to keep nil limy get,
IS ST. JACOBS OIL
Promptly 2nd Effsctoally.:
DRUG CO., "MOkk&8ttts.
"3 Times Veer."
Till PT are few famous writers in Great Britain or the United Statu
who have not already contiibuteJ to The Youth's Companion, but
some Illustrious rcvnr.ts have been found, who, collaborating with
th o!J lavorlti-s, will enable its editors to make the paper notably
brilliant during the concns; year.
Statesmen, pocK. f.unoUH scientists and tr.ivcllers, eminent lawyers
end dcliKbttuI story-wntrn i!l provide entertainment and Instruction
lor our IrienJ anJ sub.cr.bcri in a tidirr Diea.sur than ever before.
Our Distinguished Contributors.
The Princess Loubc.
The Marquis d Lome.
The Lord Chief Justice of England
Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson.
The Secretary of the U. S. Navy.
The Secretary of the Interior.
The Secretary of Agriculture.
Tu he Oliver Wendell Holme.
W. II. Uusidl of The London Tunes
Fr.tnk H. Stockton.
W. Clark Kusll.
General Ncbon A. Miles.
Hon. Thorna. IL Uced.
Act U u Thiu 0a Mil
I I ' . ....!-
I I It .... M . l- .l.
yr J m?:n only
Vsmssh.. umlii ii
n --;n OTVF ?SUJ Wuiks
t .. . ..l
..... Ilmiii.,iili ."'
Tnvvot Vounjr Spudds take Miss
Munn's refusal very much 1o heart.
Uicer Well, it is a very serious
matter with him. Ho'll have to try to
nam his own living now.
Ileaeman'et'amplior lt wild (llrnertne.
Cin( Impiiml HuntlKuiiil KiM'e,'fi!n(l'rur Hore tmt,
Cbllblili,l'li-, 4''. IMi.ClH,rkCo.,.Nsr Uavao.l'fa
Talent Is a cUtnrn; genius, a fontaln .
Frings comfort and Improvement tad
tends to personal enjoyment when
rightly used. Tim many, who lire bet
ter than others and enjoy life more, with
less expenditure, by mora promptly
adapting the world's liest products to
the needs of physical being, will attest
tho value to health of the pure liquid
laxative principles embraced in tha
remedy, Syrup of Figs.
Its excellence is due to its presenting
in the form most acceptable and pleas
ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly
beneficial protK'rlies of a perfect la
alive; t-flectually cleansing tha system,
dispelling colds, headaches and fevers
ana permanently curing constipation.
It has given satisfaction to millions and
met witli tlio Approval of the medical
profession, because it acts on the Kid
neys, Liver and flowed without weak
cuing them and it is perfectly free from
every objectionable substance.
Syrup of Fifcs is for sale by all drug
gists in Wic and $1 bottles, but it is man
ufactured by the California Fig 8yrup
Co. only, whose name is printed on every
package, also the oniric, Hyrupof Figs,
and being well informed, you will no
ncccpt any subutitute if oucred.
IViM'I'll-"v vci.i.trisr o muse some
nii'iiev qiili-Mv ai'il iivwllns st-ai'v emiiluy
mcnt lioiil'i "ik fur in" sfiiinir meiileai-4 wafirs.
.iiinM A. It. VaH, M. D 213 Columbus ave
ill:'! 1:11 I ttKR.
I'osltlvrlv Cured with Veellle Itemedlee
llnre nirml llioiisnnds uf i nws. t.'iire esses pro
riiiitii yrl leifielms In lies! iihyslrlans.r'roDi Srsl lose
sroiiitoiosOiRfOiH-ar; In len ilnriit leusiteu-tlilrOS
toll s'iiiittii iuiiiot'd iid tnrfri 'i IiiS It-sllnio-nliiis
of iiilrueiil'nis emeu, 'len -Ibis' iresiiosiii
Irie lr mall. If f" ontcr f rnl reiel IUc In ismp
to ff i"'.n. Hit II II.OiiKs Soss.Alisnis.Us,
Il 7011 o-dor trill iMiiru this srlveiittcnienl. to ue.
Ilimtrat(l ejilRinirue shewlnif WKFX
AT'OtliM. ItS!K DIUIA.H, IIYHUAULiO
AND JKTIXMI MAlWINKUY. a,
sr.nT Furs. Uave boeu ltted oaa
iluui Cltr I nulnf snit Iron Works,
Siimismiori to I'itIi Mis". Co,
Miens u. Iowa,
rut Icowri i, ruin Mti.'insERT t o..
lilt Wnrt Elsrenth Htrme, Ksnnes Cltr.
i H 3
The Dean of Salisbury.
Bishop Cleveland Coze.
Sir Edwin Arnold.
. Admiral Elliot.
V. D. Millet.
Ave, lUutoti, Muss.
' Patents. Trade-Marks.
I 1 1 . . t r....4 4
' ' ' .
it I.,.:;;;:;. v.::::: ',v::
1 1 i ,.., K , w ... a, I w IM
1. H. U. , I, 111.
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