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About Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901 | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1898)
MORGAN HAVAGED THE SPANISH MAIN.
or a Seventeenth Century Pirate who Pillaged anr
uurned the Coast Cities of Cuba and the West indies.
The present operations of the Ameri
can fleet in Cuban waters are not the
nrst history has to record against the
power of Spain in that part of the
wona. ine very city of Santiago,
against which is directed the strength
of the Yankee fleet, has fallen in the
past before aggressive Anglo-Saxons,
as It will again in the near future.
The American people, moved past all
endurance at the barbarous inhuman
ities by Spain against the Cubans, have
"in the name of humanity, in the name
of civilization. Invoked the aid of the
army and navy to establish peace and
the blessings of liberty will confer upon
the blood-soaked soil of the "Pearl
of the Antilles."
The ultimate object of the fnrmi-
successrui invasion was as far removed
from that actuating America at the
present time as is possible to conceive
It was conducted solely for the ob
ject of personal gain, under the com
mand of Sir Henry Morgan, the most
daring and bloodthirsty freebooter that
ravished the Spanish main in the lat
ter portion of the seventeenth century.
The history of Captain Morgan's ex
ploits In the West Indies was written
by one J. Esquemeling. a reformed pi
rate, who accompanied him on his nu
merous forays, dating from the rantnr.
of the island of St. Catherine, in 1So3
to the sacking of the city of Panama
In 167L A fine old ballad also com
memorates this later adventure. The
memoirs were published In England in
1704. and contain, as the tit'e na er
lonn. ine History of the
plratesp reserved their line in perfect
oraer. ana with beatirg drums and
nying colors stead. nly advanced, firinr
as they came, with deadly effect. The
Spaniards were soon routed. their
greater number killed and the remain
der forced to fly to the woods In the
errort to save themselves. Morgan's
men suffered a trifling loss, the Span
iards proving as poor marksmen as
tneir descendants of the present time.
The entrance to the town was warmly
contested, but finally effected. A num
ber of the inhabitants retored to their
houses and from these vantage points
maintained an annoying fire. The
threat of the pirates to fire the town
unless they desisted bad the desired
effect. With the town In their hands.
the pirates drove the Spaniards, men.
women and children into the churches
and held them as prisoners. They then
proceeded to loot the place, gathering
togetner everything of value the in
habitants had failed to hide. The sur
rounding country was diligently search
ed, resulting In the capture of more
booty and r. risoners.
These poor wretches were Inhumanly
tortured day after day. to make them
confess where their valuables were
hidden. By thes means they acquired
a vast quantity of money and goods.
Provisions finally growing scarce.
Morgan began to think of departing for
richer fields. The prisoners were told
that If they desired their freedom they
would be obliged t pay for it. and on
payment for liberty a second ransom
T-til;a rtlfa ! . i . . ...
nf Ameri,.. v- . . aemanceu ior cne town or
- a, avis IIIC r II 9L I7f Zinai
to be a wed
ilv: m nit; u&Uiner vi luc I trp; .
somethin's goin' to haj"
There's a wavin' of her whit
a red rose for the Cap'
ere ait ui us mraiu ide
xic a too muco on or ess eddln'
An mere s guin 10 oe
-..... jm . , Ariment, an'
cue s ine utuuier u ' iDDen
Down to this Time: Written in Svral
Languages and Now Collected into One
Volume. The Whole Newly Translated
Into English and Illustrated with 23
This quaint old chronicle was first
written and printed in Holland Dutch.
and afterward translated and published
In English. In passing through the
every house in it would be burned.
Four prisoners received permission to
yek the required ransom, but to hasten
their return Morgan had a number of
prisoners tortured before their eyes. A
few days later they returned with the
information of their inability to get to
gether the necessary amount of money
Morgan demanded, and requested fif
teen days' time to raise it. To this
translator's hands it has acquired the Morgan agreed, but a day or so later
ii v. .r u "ul iigurra oc cng-( a numDtr or Ms men who had been
llsh as she was sDoke" in thns? earl
us?. uui enougn or me spirit of the
original author reveals itself in the de.
taileddescription to give one an excel
lent idea or the atrocities perpetrated
by Morgan's "gentlemen of Fortune."
Then, as now. Havana was the strong
vi luninea city in cuca. It was also
chief In size and commercial import
ance. Following It In these respects
came Santiago Each of these two
cities tad half of the island under Its
Jurisdiction, to which, says the chron
icler, "all the Towns and Villages there
of give obedience." Gomez and Garcia
could relate quite a different story at
the present time.
The islands of Tortuga and Jamaica
were the common refuge of the fres-
oooters. who operated against the
Spaniards of Florid.. West Indies. eVn
esuela and the northern coast of South
America. This portion of the worlJ
constituted the Spanish main of bloody
romance ana savage adventure. Spain
at this period did an immense amount
of trade with these islands in tobacco
Mdes and sugar, and hundreds cf
Spanish merchant vessels traversed
yearly that part of the Caribbean sea
lying southeast of the northern South
American coast. This was the popular
route, and here the pirates waged me r
clless warfare, at first against the ships
alone, but as their numbers increased
they made successful incursions against
t"e villages and towns situated on the
. ,ands and along the coasts of Florida
and South America.
Jamaica. In Morgan's time, was under
the domination of an English governor,
who. among other characteristics, pos
sessed an extremely ductile conscience.
He was hand In glove with the free
booters, assisting them to outfit their
ships with supplies and men and af
fording them a safe asylum from all
attacks In the fortified harbors cf Ja
maica. In 1(65 Morgan began his ad
venturous career. On account of his
active part in a number of successful
exploits, he was chosen vice-admiral of
a piratical fleet cf fifteen vessels which
put out from Jamaica fitted for a gen
etal conquest of coast and island cities
The first descent was upon the garrison
of St. Catherine's Island, near Costa
Rico, which surrendered under the at
ack. The town was promptly looted
and a gr at number of the Inhabitants
slaughtered and taken prisoners. A
portion of the fleet laden with booty
and captives r turned to Jamaica, firs
leaving a force of 100 pirates on th'
Island to hold it. in the command of
ne eL Sler Simon as governor. Ar
riving at Jamaica it was proposed to
he English governor to send recruits
the new acquisition with the pur
pose of fo.-tifying and holding it as a
perpetr 1 haven for the freebooters
This plan seemed to be altogether too
told for Jamaica's governor, who. fear
ing to displease the king of England
and realizing he would be obliged to
reduce bis own military force to supply
th needed recruits, promptly refused
his assent to the proposal. Morgan's
piratical partner whose name was
Mansvelt. who had been entrusted to
negotiate the affair, then sailed to Tor
tuga to secure the needed allies. Here
te suddenly died. Meanwhile the Span
lards recaptured St. Catherine and at
once transported and executed the pi
rates. OPERATIONS I NCtTBA.
Notwithstanding this misadventure.
Captain Morgan with undiminished
rourage rapidly equipped another fleet,
he vessels of which were to be brought
by their crews to a certain part cf
Cuba, where a general council would
be held and plans for future expedi
The literary buccaneer at this po?nt
gives a detailed account of the council
of war.- which. In the printed chron
icles. Is set forth In all the usual plen-
tltude of lengthy paragraphs and ca
ltal letters. Havana was first consi
ered as the combined point of atta
but as the pirates numbered about
men ana iweive snips ana Doaivt
equipment was deemed too insign
for the capture of so strongly f
a place, xne town or uerifcoim
ripe." was decided upon as 'Jut nor
of assault, because, as thetanc
1 I . T . k.l..
miTti DioicB, il wiub mYby any
irum jvra.. ib . r I was al JltS Were
nrat. wnereoy xne mna
returned with considerable booty and a
number of prisoners, among them a
negro who bore a letter to the towns
man from the governor of Santiago, in
which they were advised to delay the
payment cf ransom to the pirates as
l'-ng as possible, as an army was being
equipped to reseue them.
L'ptn this information Morgan trans
ported the booty he had gathered to his
ships and demanded the immediate
payment of the ranso mfrom the pris
oners. This they could not do, and
Morgan, fraring to be caught by a su
perior force, compromised on 500 beeves
fur victualing his fleet, which were
The sum secured by this foray in
money and gocd amounted JoO.GOO. or
pieces of eight, as the old Spanish dol
lar was called. The pirates had left
Jamaica heavily in debt, and this sum.
considerable as It was. hardly sufficed
to pay their obligations. According to
the ancient chronicler this fact caused
general dissatisfaction. The French
and English buccaneers separated at,
this time, the English returning to Ja
jovernor of Panama, who sent anothet
nessengeY desiring a small pattern ot
;he kind of arms used in making co
ii.rx.riani a capture.
Morgan received the messenger with
. laoorate cuurtesy and gave him a pis
ot and a few small bullets, with word
-o the governor that if he would ac
-ept the slender pattern of arms Inci
dentally used to take Puerto Velo
and keep it a year, he (Morgan) would
call and carry 'It away again. It is
but fair to add that Morgan kept his
word with a thoroughness that has
lived to the present day, and forms one
or the most dastardly and wonderful
achievements known in the history of
tnis tniamous freebooter.
His vessels, equipped with the best
guns the garrisons afforded, and rich
with stolen treasure. Morgan triumph
antly saued to Jamaica. Arrived there.
his men, each with his allotted share
of plunder, repaired shoreward to the
boozing kens and stews, where, with
the arrogance of nabobs, the lavlshness
of princes and their own unbridled.
brutish passions to drive them on. they
indulged in orgy and debauchery that
within a few weeks left them as nen
niless as before their cruise.
Following the sacking of Puerto Velo.
the city of Maracaibo. Venezuela, was
captured, this belnsr the second time
the place had suffered from Kiifrpstful I
piratical attacks. Other depredations
occurred prior to the expedition against
the city of Panama. This last was
Morgan's most noted exploit. With a
vastly inferior force he captured Pan
ama, looting It first and burning it
Here he secured the greatest amount
of booty ever taken by a similar at-
tacK. A great quantity of Jewels, an
immense amount of money and much
aluable merchandise was collected.
but Just what it amcunted to has never
Whether Morae-n had crown tired Of
the dangerous life and deeired to se- n a soberness stole over her face. "I
cure sufficient wealth as would enabr-aionler. sometimes, ef you realize what
him to live in comfort in England. trJe"ve sone and done for ourselves,"
chronicler does not state. He does srfshe added.
however, that of all the treasure j-1 eein t come or such dod-blamed ob-
tmr riPTAiN3 sufftuc a D-rTne oM man shifted his weight to
THE CAPTAIN S SWEETHEART. other foot and Kazed nto the
She s the daughter o the regiment, & gaged in upholdin' a principle n;gh
somethin's goin to happen; I onto twenty years, now. an' I don't
The boys are all a-lovin" her. but know but w hat we've about wore it out
she likes the Cap'n! I stilt f there v.i.t n . ift .
An i m ery mucn atraid the old flag, I'm bouad to grip the flag
;e iuu mucn uu uress paray in i staff, an" I s pose you're the same."
WIERE GEN. SHAFTEB MADE A EEC0BD.
"I ain't changed none.
"But, bein so well pleased with Sim
fer his goin ahead as he durn please.
spite of the parents on both sides; also,
seein' with my own eyes, which is Jest
goin into specs on fine print, what a
modest an sensible girl you ve raised,
an idee occurs to me ty which we can
git shet of the whole thing in a self
respectin' manner. Mis' Taylor, do you
still hold your patent from the gover-
ment. embrarin' thia hra afrin n' Inn. I
wiucimii s sv" thrrtTin' I VltT rt fnmi reel
Fer she s in the rosy xhe slat bonnet noided violently.
kisses to the Cyne; And mther n' go to law about It.
The private s day wcn I you wm congent to leave It a sorter
us me v.i a wn. m-eidin' f the neutral strln a Inner aa vnn live?"
An' there's goin tor
SETTLING M DISPUTE
, B. Foster.)
Tiny, the folks might
qu : inkln so, Sim.
I ve bjT lia paU at you
I wavedjie first time."
Again the bonnet agitated
"Well, I still hold my patent, too.
clearly definin It as part of my do
mains, plainly betraytn' the mistake
In surveyin' which our almighty gover"
ment has made. I'll never go back of
my promise, nuther. a tout leavin' it in
the nateral prairie while I keep my
claim. Now. when In the course of na
ture you become an angel, which it be
proper to suppose the old maids bein'
otherwise provided fer, as I've always
across me neard, an' heaven, as I said, takin
r. f thA n'i.l.lap trt u nn.-ia Kt.
a great Joke o' yourn I .-..- i i, ...... t.
Lordv . i. .1 w. . 3 " to your sole issuer
rver lt.i!OW 5he sJun 8hlned on the "It would." Mrs. T
bottU . -r"' as 11 deringly.
... " ' l - J I "11 V TJ
Taylor replied, won-
y with a tin bucket, or vcur eves.
kkln'est smile in the world."
Jrell. Sim. If you would IoJk. I
jldn't help it," answered Tiny, and
"There is njt a better fighter on the
Mv farm bein' ekallv frond an nro. 4 at l-.agle Pass
duotive land. I should. In like case, an charter's reig
glvin. for once, employment to a law
yer, leave it to the only child I have
in the world, an" that's my Sim. Then.
as I understand It. these two farms. I iie Is also a.
lyin' to right an' left, could be attache I , for he Is tont nually ruak
as wines to this here strip or a nun- i rrienas among ; civilians.
dred yards wide, by three hundred and f think the ami;' was uav.
Subdued t(e Indians and Lawbreakers on the Mexican Border Loat
noTlrrM Getting Into Action and Fought to Protect the People.
According! to intimate friends of
General SI. iter, who is now before
Santiago Ff os IM'.l tl.ere need be no
worry about the outcome of the battle
even though Washington fails to send
reinforcements or the strategy board
burns out a fuse with red-hot mes
sages to entangle the work of that
fighter. When the time comes Shafter
will cut the cable or have the operator
sent to Jail and then pitch in and finish
the Job with neatness and dispatch,
and he will do it even if he has to
break a United States law in doing so.
He will fight first and trust to his law
yers to clear him afterward. He Is a
man of his word, and when he sends
a message to Washington announcing
that he will take Santiago, the nest of
the Dons wl;i fall. For several years
Pecos Hill sls the terror of Spanish
speaking Mexicans and Texan desper
adoes, and his name was like the men
tion of the .;.?vil to them. He cleared
the country tj.f the worst gang of crim
inals that evvr cut a throat and threw
open to settl inent an Immense area of
xexas land. I He cast a reign or terror
over the III !ians that simply made
cowards of diem within three months,
and in doing io general then colonel
made a bed
are the sentli
frion. who v.
'. roses fur the command-
ho followed him. These
ents of James W. Clarke,
uer ui we iiuruai t
is collector of customs
face of the pi
for several years during
In the vicinity.
obe than Colonel Shaf-
remarkeA Mr. Clarke last night.
peer among army men
sort of action created a sentiment cf
mortal fear on the part of the Mex
icans and almost worship by ths set
tlers and residents of Texas. They
could go to sleep at night with Shafter
on watch at the doer and there was
no fear of molestation.
"All this was In 1S78 to '81. and was
especially true after the first year. But
when Shafter first came down there It
was quite different. The whole coun
try was overrun with hordes of lar
breakers who cared no more for human
life or property than for a meal. It
required several months for these fel
lows to get to know their man. but
they never made a mistake after that.
The Indians, too. had never been sub
dued. Hefore and even for some time
after Shaffer's time the commandlnr
officers were too slow In getting out On
the trail. Of course It is well known
that the federal troops cannot be used
for the purpose of making arrests, and
too often the commanding officers ar
gued before acting when appealed to
for aid. Why, there were instances
where Indians or Mexicans murdered
whole families within a mile and a half
of Fort Davis, and It was twenty-four
hours before troops were on the move.
"But with Colonel Shafter It was
far different. Occasionally as collector
of customs I would get Information cf
large and powerful bands of smug
glers about to cross the rU'er. I had
only a few mounted inspectors and
they were totally inadequate to cope
with such men. I would go to Colonel
Shafter and ask h!ra whether he would
detail a sergeant and a few rn-n to act
kin .tsunch'" -nrt for m" men- ,W"'-.;rg'"'JW
iking stauncn tiw aiMs"1"'"1 m"'-
lie does n.)t;at " e- 'J?7-7A ,iu-n do you
e i.d i "rt- was the prou.pt rply. ard Z
pirates individually received but
their share. Morgan took the best
ot me neei. wnun isu ca-rnecj
heaviest guns, and suddenly d-.e.
from the rendezvous, leaving tm
mainder of the society of fr-j-ney.
(.anions tu inm oi menisci -
never saw him again.
. . I : ,.-
stinate stock. I don't care. You an'
twenty acres long. Now. while them
two young things are stealin their
weddin" trip, ther might be a log rais
me, i iny is a goin to gu jined. some In. on th,s very gpot me to do the
i-i - VJrXnt..g. Cmi' Kr haulin with the help cf Uncle Sim. an'
from. Ida taken you. I . "
"And I you. Sim, dear.
'An me to furnish two webs of cloth
At this the' tail -r.,.n fMi,-. o - I of my own an" Susan an" Eliza's spin-
stole half wav rm.nri the ait n the quilts an" a set of pewter
Some novelist might const!
reauaoie jaie snowing "0"j the
villain, more bloodthirsty J, nr
Turk, and ho had com- ot pjac.
crimes than was ever uracefully
Ing in the decalogue t J... , cml
spent the remainder cf h T; ' ,se
quiet Enelish shire. parodied
of a round-bellied squ
justice ty dispensing 'r m c )m-
men who were angels
T ways in h vl0"n" of ta'
mc-s make ar. JTeat ValU m6rge
from obscurity f vr,ed' and v no
grater proof a fact has been
aivanced for-any J than the
dcoverv of n5
t: ZluZfZo ct an , :togen-
J ienuer aim o cunuuinij . .
In an instant Tiny rebu'ted en.tlu,sLa3 mtIdue thf iibject.
silently putting her hand in . lth ,U"er ,' pAgs to.,TOO 2 V
i t spoil it all. Sim." she said. ck end of the slr,P continued Saul
a cow at the far end the other
irian negro tar
The vlnlin ears Uaie 1. 1
r.ivr -" -Jlcolaus Ama".. This relic
th skilJ of its
eratea Derore Morgan s time nad bees
prosecuted so di!"fertly that the grea
er number of si all towns along t Je
coast cf Cuba and neighboring islands
had been stripped of their wealth rid
their inhabitants rendered so wreted
and poverty stricken as to preclude ail
pecuniary advantages from another at
The pirate cf the seventeenth cr'tury
by all accounts loved righting, but loved
gold far better, and he insisted ' " the
two being combined before he risked
his rascally skin - ,
For successful operation agi-nst the
larger towns, the onlv places remain
ing which promised remunerition. a
large force of men and a plentiful sup
ply of war munlticns was absolutely
necessary. Deserted by tie French.
Morgan's sang of rascals was greatly
reduced in numbers, but w:thin a few
days after his arrival at Jamaica, he
succeeded in getting togr'her 400 men
and a fleet of nine small ships.
Cutthroat and all around scoundrel
as Morgan's actions proved him un
doubtedly to be. he pos.-rssed in an ex
traordinary degree the dominatin
characteristics that g. to make a su
cessful leader of men. In this ex
dition the point of attack was kepti
cret until the vessels were far
port. When Puerto elo. a i
cantile city at Ccsta Rica, a
Central America, was named
gan as the place to be taken,
the "Free companions" derd
the plan under the beliefV.
number was too small to taxrevealed
Juiurgdn uaiiiig nature jiQerS are
In his answer: "If cur art great
small, said he. "our n etter union
and me lewcr we are Joils Shall we
and more share of thy
have. saee and havine
Stimulated by his bilitv to carrv
run commence in aneer hailed thia
randicf 19 North Uberty street,
umor Md. Mr. H'debrandt is an
eu, musician. '? ry of his
""Vnd what P to it is told
"I hacrened InK 'barber shop kept
f Jrn a t Cr-Zttsvllle and inci
y a negro ai 1 . , . ,
tenrtDtinelv slender and o onnfiHinc-lv uisnes: said .rs. xayior. rising 10 me
him, by :
nlmnlv. "I love to crime mit here an.i I bury.
meer vnn anA x-. 1 1 bnnnr It Kut T -l-.a I An
can t ef you don't behave."' way." added the widow, eagerly.
Neither of them saw old man Sauls- "But mum's the word, mom! Let 'em
bury, between the cornstalks, grin and run away, an welcome, an" when they
slap his leg noiselessly, at this rebuff, come home, bein" as you don't want
and. somewhat aggrieved, Sim with- to lose your dotter. an' I don't want to
drew his arm to a safe distance. It lose my son. we'll give them a weddin
was wonderful, then, to see little Tiny party on their own farm, even if it is
Taylor fluttering about like a hum- only a narrer strip of perarle. An',
ming bird, coaxing the great fellow mom. In the light of these bloomln'
back into good humor. affections, specially sence we've both
The two stood on unplanted ground give up our bone of contention, does It
an odd strip about a hundred yards strike you thet we two's got a matter
wide, running both ways as far as the fer quarrel furder, after twenty years
eye could reach, while on either side of dretful onneighborliness? No, mom;
the ranks of corn toed the line, seem- I take it we're to be a Borter mutual
ingly afraid to encroach one Inch be- father-in-law an" mother-in-law, an'
yond their mark. It was deep, fertile may God have mercy on us both."
prairie land, covered now with the "Amen! exclaimed Mrs. Taylor, rev
characteristic coarse grass and gum erently. and the moment she said the
weed, but as capable of good yield un- word, the sting that had been in her
der cultivation as the fields on either conscience for nearly twenty years, de
band, parted, and she felt that now. finally.
"Tiny," said Sim. as If deliberating. I and at last, she could be the consistent
"you an' me's of age." I church member she never yet had been.
The girl quivered a little, but she
pecial benefit, and whenever the men
under him can do anything to hHp
out. tie people they do It, and they
don't lose anj" time, either. When
Colonel Shafter was appealed to for
aid in hunting (down Indians after an
outbreak he ha 1 his men In the sad
dle within an hour and often In less
time was hot on the trail of the red
skins. He lost no time arguing, but The people will find that when he gets
always got as many men a I needed.
tth wm ifirtrs the reply wan: 'Well,
you know the law says that the troops
of the United States shall not be used
In making an arrest, and I really don"
see how I can help you, don't you
"Shafter likewise demonstrated that
he was a man of unlimited resources.
got down to business at once. Why-
he even stretched International law on
several occasions to do w hat he thought
was necessary to suppress the peri
odical raids of the Mexicans who sneak
ed across the border and pillaged the
ranches and settlers in Texas. You
know it was contrary to the treaties
to permit an armed soldier to Invade
the domain of another country, and
ready to take Santiago he will take
the town and all the powers at the
other end of the cable will not be able
to hold him bark. I never had any fear
about the outcome of this battle, and
the people will find that General Shaf
ts will win with the force under him.
He will not ask for reinforcements
or help from Washington, but will
place the means at his command - In
only recently was this permitted by j the best possible situation and then
special arrangement with the Mexican
government. He got track of a body
of desperadoes Just as they started
fght until the red and yellow is shot
from every flagstaff w ithin reai h of his
guns and hauled down from many that
over the line into Mexico, and he went are not. Shafter has not found fault
right across after them. They fled with the men and supplies furnished
like sheep with fear at the daring of him. and he will not. tut when the re-
the man who defied their government. I suit is announced there will b ...
but Shafter kept right on after thei.i tory on the banner of the -.,an who
and there was a pitched battle, the re- j subdued th- worst r, oi tals eff
sult of which was long continue 1 j scouring cf ti. anilfi to be fojni
mourning in the Spanish language.Thi I on the continent."
looked at him resolutely.
"An" there ain't no reason why we I
should stay right here all our lives.
I'm a strappin feller, an' though I hats
While Sim and Tiny were making
ready their few and simple prepara
tions, they thought it must be because
their minds so ran on their plan, that
jr said he: 'I know
boss, that belonged
erson. and old John
now. The barter was
joi inn j
i and the ships
for the Central
The story of the ex
This proposal was
ted by Captain Morg
of his Companions:
oreder d every Cap
chor and set Sad.
Coast nearest to
Here In the bay
lards El Puerto
arrived at th!
ashore by n
- The Spf '
gan to r
part of t
X M Ml
will b in a
out his plans.
reply with enth
were at once
ui mere cajjiuiis may
ii me nisiorth Urates had eood
De rened uj their success In taking
reason to dext to Havana and Car-
Puerto el, the strongest fortified
thagena f West Indies under the
place inyt,inion jt was under the
Spanish 0f the then governor of
supervinij a thriving business was
I'anar-,4 tn he handling of various
cond merchandise. It was also a
t,n(!afmrket of considerable ImDort-
sla'VSnd these several industries con.
In nn amall riesree tn the
h of the people. A fortified cas
ituated near to the city, was the
t point attacked by Morgan's men.
after a strong resistance was ta-
en. To inspire the Inti ibitants with
w holesome fear of the assailants, the
castle and its defenders, living and
dead, were blown up by the pirates,
who fired the magazine. Then they
rapidly advanced to the city, as yet un
prepared to meet them, owing to the
sudden atar..k. and first captured the
priests and nuns In the cloisters. These
were forced to march In front of the
attacking forces and behind this living
barricade a deadly fire was maintained
against the resisting Spaniards.
The governor of the city, unable to
rally the disorganized citizens, retired
to the strongest castle with his troops
and fought t-ntil the garrison was cap
He made a stubborn and gallant re
sistance, and to the pirate's demand to
surrender refused with the remark that
he preferred "to die as a valiant soldier
than be hanged for a coward."
He was finally killed and the city
captured. The booty and ransom se
cured from this freebooting expedition
amounted to 2Z0.0O0 pieces of eight In
money and a great quantity of mer
chandise. While Morgan occupied the
city an epistolary exchange of arms
occurred between him and the gov
ernor of Panama, which Is piquant in
its Spartan brevity and Attic pun
gency. The letters followed an attempt of the
governor to dislodge the pirates from
the citv. His entire force was almost
Nut off by Morgan's men, who decoyed
tronns into an ambush, where thev
;ihfw simply slaughtered. Following
wind lloe. A." vprtive attempt word was sent
. ,c .s. e cio vNyiat u ne aia not immediately
t i, f?m Dlaia X'm Puerto Velo that he and
as ne (the govern.
To which Morgan
.-t1 rietlver th rat'lx
t.ia views i ok-nsom ne nta set
d the chief
de el Principe.
ft SDaniard who
TH the fleet, swam
Ing account xo xne
slgn of the Pirats.
.? their Discourse.
did not Under-
;etl Mil"1" -J(iverror
. nno n. t me
file i-urt o
r k U on l j Aitrer. so bK
ranot paid within
Voera he held
H,r.iiv aked V my favorite ques
"AvoJ ktrn old violin, as
VV":-7S V-T he:
of an old no
,":,tl-at ne sent one of his
ilfh A an3 soo e were on
men with w .... .
, f a AOV.UI IWU
1 Charlottesville, at the base
Ri "tf ."nticello mountains and ad-
e old Jefferson plantation.
tt I found to be an active.
gro of S3 years. When I saw
was working In his garden. I
see the violin, and he brought
from the cupboard a dilapidated
vlclin case that had once been
ered with leather. So many years
d elapsed, however, since the leather
first placed on the case that a
e part cf ft had come off in patches.
nlng it I saw that the moths
ha. .tad a feast with the red linings
The Instrument was wrapped carefully
in a piece of old cloth, and the minute
I looked at It I saw It was the best
specimen of Nicolaus Amati's violins
I had ever seen. After a while I man
aged to strike a bargain with the old
man. and the violin became my prop
erty. In it I am certain I own one of
the very best violins existing today.
The scroll Is most artistically carved,
the model and workmanship beautiful.
The varnish Is of the golden yellow
color and the pegs are of ivory. All
that was needed was a few repairs
and now it is a singing beauty.
"John Scott, from whom I bought
the violin, told me that he inherited
the Instrument from his father, who
was a slave of Thomas Jefferson. After
returning to Charlottesville with my
prize I learned that Jefferson was a
good musician and a lover and player
of the violin, and that he had owned
several valulable instruments of Italian
make. The one I had bought he had
christened 'Pet. and this makes me
believe that it was his favorite violin.
The violin Is today being constantly
used by a friend of Mr. Hildebrandt,
who Is one of the orchestra of a Bal
The bicycle Is the one thing oti
earth that brings out the excessive
conceit in a man. As a rule, even men
who imitate others don't like to be
Imitated, even If Imitation Is the sin-
cerest flattery. It irritates the aver,
age man to have his friends or neigh
bors duplicate his suit of clothes or
his manner of living.
But when the average man gets a
bicycle that's different. So soon as he
learns to steer a dizzy course along the
street he pesters all his non-cycling
ffTends with. "Say! Why don't you get
a bike? Tou ought to learn to ride. It's
great fun. and so healthful, you
know." He never tries to conceal the
fact that he Is scorned of all those
who do not ride. The sum and sub
stance Is that he rides, and therefore
every one should ride.
Then there comes a time when he
breaks a bone or tires of the wheel In
some way and quits riding. Immedi
ately his conceit crops out on the other
states where a man could work fer
fer himself an wife."
to leave Ioway. I reckon there's other their little world seemed also making
preparations. Tiny even went so far.
once, as to fancv she smelted weddine
Oh. Sim. you never mean fer us cake, and the aunts hung tremulously
to run away? Why. 'twould kill maw, roUnd her as if she was about to re-
an Aunt busan. an Aunt tliza: gasp- ceive all they had missed In their
ed Tiny. lives. As for Sim. he became really
""Twouldn't kill 'em." he responded, embarrassed at the way he was pes-
"Thlnk o me. danglin on a string nigh tered to give his opinion as to the
onio iwo year aireauy; us a wonaer " fattest pig, the best plow and the best
ain't killed me. that's what! There I hrt in hia father'a rwMis.inn.
am i no oiner way. uoney. due ier us
Jest to go before the preacher, an' when
we're man and wife, both our folks
can kick all they're a mind to. There's
no use In waltln' neither, is there. Tiny?
Paw'll never forgive your maw. nor she
him. You an" me a tremblin here, on
the ragged edge of disklvery every
minute, an" I tell you I won't stand
it a great while more. There, there.
Tiny! I ain't meanin" to be cross, but
ef you've got women folks to leave. I've
got men folks. There's father; he's the
ornlrest. obstlnatest old man you ever
see, an I know It: an it's Jest him
to see a pretty little dotter right with
in reach, an" refuse her. because it's
you. It's a comfort to feel that ef
you're marryln" into sech an obstinate
When guilty Tiny, her heart burst
ing with love for those she left behind.
mounted for that fateful Journey to
town to meet Sim. she turned and flung
her arms around her mother's neck, and
sobbed aloud, while Aunt Susan slipped
in her pocket the emery bag that had
been a family heirloom, and Aunt Eliza
tied on her old gold locket by a string.
It was. Indeed, an odd elopement,
and. in the bundle fastened to her sad-
dlehorn. Tiny later found a white
shawl that had been part of her moth
er's wedding finery, and the side
combs she had forgotten to put In the
package hidden under the roots of a
tree that morning.
The bridal couple were gone the week
family, you're marryln' outen one about they had planned, and on their return
as bad. All the same. I'd hate to leave a gracious signi mei meir view ior.
paw. an Uncle Sim. an" John, thefs during their absence, their own house
ben our hired man an' fed hogs with had risen as if by enchantment: smoke
us. sence before I was born." curled from its chimney; corn bread
Between the two there was a pause. 's on the hearth, and hominy In the
and the man with the silent lau jn Pt; and friends crowded to welcome
his mouth, and with the sun-drie on them home.
gray hair, eavesdropping among he "But, maw." protested Tiny In bewll-
cornstalks. craned his head forward to derment.
catch the next low and desperate tones. "Never mind. now. maw's own dar-
"But I'm goin" to leave "em. Tiny, an" Un"." answered Mrs. Taylor. "Tou an"
you an" me'U start off In the world an' Sim's done jest the right thing, dear,
find a place fer ourselves: then the an me an Saulsbury"s settled final an"
Saulsburys that's left can fight it out full all the dispute we couldn't a-settled
with the Taylors that's left, an' wel- no other ways."
come. Say you'll come, little girl, say "But. paw!" protested Sim; and old
you'll come. Tom Saulsbury shook Sim's hand In
Surely, their hearts were beating in delight as he answered: "When your
their ears, or they must have heard boy goes fer to run away, Sim. tell
that other heart sounding like a trip him to look In among the cornstalks
hammer. Just a few feet away. when he lays his plans, fer his dod-
Tiny looked up at him. tnen. witn blamed, obstinate old father.
the look a woman gives a man only
nse In hei life anrl that when ahe.
herself, goes with It: and then the tears Swearlnar.
slowly welled Into her eyes. I it is not generally known, but It Is
"Oh. Sim." she consented, "but we II none the less a fact, that profanity
come back and bid 'em good-bye?" is forbidden by both the army and the
"Yes." he replied, straightening him- navy regulations. Any soldier or sailor
self to his six feet two, "yes, after the who does not like to be sworn at has
weddin." a right to make a complaint, and the
Hardly had the two parted Indeed, offending officer is subject to trial by
the shaking tassels of the corn yet be- court martial. As a matter of fact,
t rayed the opposite patch each one however, swearing in times of excite
had taken when the old man stepped ment Is not uncommon, and It Is not
grimly Into the clear strip, the stubby infrequently the only klr,d of talk that
beard on his set. square Jaw showing a has any Influence. It is. therefore, not
andy gray In the sun. A scant-skirted able that some of the greatest com
callco dress, and a slat bonnet with manders In our army and navy have
a long, pointed nose and an obstinate been distinguished for the moderation
chin appearing within, glided from the of their language. The story of Ad
stalks on the other side, as if to met miral Faarragut's one cath at Mobile
him. Bay. when he said "Damn the torpe-
When too late to retreat, they spied does! Go ahead at full speed!" Is fa.
each other old Tom Salisbury, and the miliar, and now comes a story about
Widow Taylor. General Grant. It was told by Gen
"Hem." he said, gruffly. eral John P. Hawkins in answer to an
"M-m-m!" she said at the same mo
ment with a little screech in her voice.
He took his slouch hat off and passed
his rough hand over his head from
front to back.
"I never s' posed I never thought"
"No. you never s'plcloned I was nigh; I the road, and with indignation shown
I wonder you're not tired of cy- I nuther did I you but I do s'picion. I in every feature, flourished his sword
cling." he says. "It's not what It 1st now, you ve Den about yere long enougn I and cried: 'Go back, you damned cow
cracked up to be. After all, it's noth- to see what's goin on between my boy lards, go back!" It seems possible that
ing but hard work, and all physicians an your girl. I give you my word. Mis
inquiry as to whether General Horace
Porter's statement that General Grant
never swore was true. General Haw
kins replied: "I never heard Grant
swear but once, and that was at Shi
loh. Coming across a body of soldiers
n retreat, ne swung ni norse across
will tell you that persistent cycling In
jures the health. It's good for boys,
but men and women simply make a
show of themselves on the wheel. And
I'll tell you this in confidence all the
best people have quit cycling."
He doesn't ride now, and " so he
wants everybody else to quit. No one
can make him see his aggravating
conceit, and no doubt he wonders why
people want to kill him. It shows how
much self-restraint there Is In the com
munity that nobody does.
Taylor. I never drumpt of It before,
an' I stumbled on it. today."
"I couldn't "a" believed it of my Tiny,
unless I'd follered her a-purpose. an'
seen it. I ben wonderVn. this long time,
what tuck her so often in this direc
tion." the woman half sobbed.
this story Is true. It took something
in the way of an exhibition of fear
' to make such men as Farragut and
Usee of Bananas.
'Tn these war times anecdotes o,
great soldiers are being revived, an!
many of these stories throw a sidellgh:
on the private lives of men famous in
the world's history," remarked an
erstwhile sergeant In the German army
the other day.
"Old L'ncle Elucher. or Bluecher. a
the Germans called him, who saved
the day at Waterloo and brought about
the defeat of the great Napoleon, was
a "character," and he was an Inveterate
gambler, according to the stories hand
ed down in the German army," say.-s
Mr. Meyer. "Biucher was a curious old
fellow, according to the army tradition.
Did you ever hear the story of what
he said about the officer accused f
drinking? Well, one fine day the col
onel of a regiment went to Biucher
to complain about another colonel,
who. he said, was always drunk. Th
great general opened a. drawer and
produced a notebook, from which he
read about the gallant conduct Of the
accused in certain desperate engage
ments. Closing the book with a ban
and throwing It on the table, he looked
the accuser steadily in the face an.i
said: 'I wish to God. sir, that you woul J
get drunk, toor
"Yes. I know a somewhat similar
story is told of President Lincoln In
reference to General Grant," continue!
Mr. Meyer, after being interrupted.
"but the German books, published half
a century ago, tell that story about old
"But General Blucher's own habit
gave his friends much concern. Biu
cher. like many prominent men of h s
time, was a reckless gambler. Th
king, who was much attached to him.
had paid his debts over and over
again, but it was no use. The oid
marshal had gone through his wife'
property as well as his own. and hi
pay was always spent in advance. Oru c
he was dead broke and had to go to the
" 'If I get you out of this scrape will
you promise me not to gamble again?'
said the king.
"Biucher gave the promise and add
ed, as the king gave him 100,000 thai
ers: I wtll go straight home to my vi if,'
and settle half of this money upon her
so that I shall not be able to touch it.
and 1 will then pay up my debts an.'
never touch a card any more.
"Biucher went home, gave 60.000 "t
his wife and after dinner sallied fort
to pay his debts. At midnight Plu
Cher's wife was roused from her slum
bers by one of her husband's staff otfi
cers, who had been sent for 2."l0o-
""Dear, good man.' said the ladv,
knew he would want it before mornine
so I have put up that sum In a pack
age for him. Here it is. and tell him t.
te carerui aoout me coid air coming
home and to muffle up well.
u95(Mb-5waZ.r nr hrd cmfw cmfw cm
"The officer departed, only to return
after a few hours for the rest cf th.
money, with the same success. IV. u
cher went home to breakfast the next
morning, having lost every penny t
the king s gift at play.
"Again Biucher went to the klrg
told him the whole story and listened
attentively to all the reproaches unti
ways called Biucher 'uncle' '1 thought
you gave me your sacreo woro or non r
that you would never play cards fr
money again.' 'No. sir. answered Biu
cher, 'I did not give my sacred wt-rd
of honor.' 'Will you give It to me now t
asked the king. Ach! Meln Cott That
Is a hard thing to ask from Biucher
replied the hero of aterloo. put
after some grumbling the..cr"d prorn
lse was given and old 'Vorwarts step
The most unique settlement In the
United States Is the town of Com
There Is no need for money at Com
monwealth, for everything goes Into
the common fund, and every man
shares exactly alike. There are no rich
people in Commonwealth, and no poor
people. All work for one another, and
the law and creed of the community
is "Love." If a person wishes to build
a house the lumber Is furnished from
the mill operated by the members of
the settlement. If vegetables are
wanted the common garden supplies
The settlement Is run on the co-operative
plan. "Love thy neighbor us.
thy. self," is a law that is strictly en
forced. Two years ago Commonwealth was
founded by a few experimentalists.
Now it Is a village of 75 families, work
ing about l,0)iO acres, at one tim- a
plantation. The old-fashioned h. me
of the ante-bellum planter is now one
of the town buildings. Besides trus
there are several dwelling houses, a
printing office, a large schoolhouse. a
sawmill and a general dining haJL
Commonwealth has Its school, pa,-r
mill and clergyman. A magazine cail
rd Social Gospel, setting forth the
teachings of the community, is pub
lished every month.
Many talented men and brilliant w -men
have gone to this little Geor? a
village to live the law of love. Ev- a
in the school good work and good be
havior are enforced, not by the rod, b .t
by love. In this community there u
said to be no Jealousy, no envy. i.O
strife. This simple creed hangs up n
the wall of every cottage:
"Thou shalt love the Lord, thy Go !,
with all thy heart, and thy neighU r
"Love worketh no ill to his neigh
bor; therefore, love Is the fulfilling cf
"This Is My commandment: That yt
love one another a I have loved you.
"He that ioveth not his brother whom
he hath seen, cannot love God whom h
hath not seen. And this commandment
have we from Him. that he who Iov
eth God loveth his brother also."
Fifteen years ago Mrs. Enrma Mar
shall of Franklin township. Chester
county. Pa., ran a needle in her great
toe. It could not be found until last
week, when she felt a pricking sensa
tion in her hand, and on watching it
found the long-lost needle.
Immense fortunes have been made
Tom Saulsbury came a step nearer, lout of the banana business. Reve-
"I heard how she spoke of her mother, nues do not accrue alone from the sale
mom. and I hope you likewise heard of the fruit, for the leaves are used
Jest how Sim mentioned me. fer In the f0r packing, the Juice, being strong in
main, ne aone me justice, an- nimseu tannin, makes an Indelible Ink and
credit. Sim's a strong, hardworkln' snoe blacking, the wax found on the
young man. an' an improvement on under side of the leaves Is a valuable
his father. I should Jedge. Should you, article of commerce; Manila hemp is
mom, sayln be wasn't a Saulsbury. made from the stems, and of this
Prince Achmet Self Eddln. the cousin
of the Khedive, who shot his brother-
in-law. Prince Fuad. has been sn
tenced to ten years' imprisonment. The
Khedive refused to mitigate the sen
tence or adopt the usual plan of send
ing his erring relative to an Insane
Japan Is a corruption of the Chinese
word Shipen-Kue. which means "root
of day. or sunrise kingdom," because
the Japan la directly east of Chine
now. feel comfortable thet your dotter
should her him?
Tiny's a darlln' good girl, active an'
wlliln' an, bein hog and hominy bred,
always healthy and cheerful. Don't
seem as ef she was old enough, an' yet
well ruthern she shouldn't marry
at all. like Susan and Eliza terrible old
maids, both of 'em! why yes. But a
Saulsbury oh T" Mrs. Taylor protested
hemp are made mats, plaited work
and lace handkerchiefs of the finest
texture ;moreover. the banana Is ground
Into banana flour. The fruit to be sold
for dessert is ripened by the dry heat
of flaring gas Jets In the storage places
in whlh it Is kept, and Immense care
has to be taken to prevent softening or
overripening. The island of Jamaica
yields great crops ot thia useful and
Japan has a breed of mice which
are a puzzle to naturalists. At different
periods of the day they whirl around
and around for hours at a time. If a
person should lift a mouse when It Is
whirling the animal will resume Its
whirling the moment it la let down.
The trees In the streets of Paris ere
looked after by a public official ap
pointed Just for that purpose, and
therefore the Parisian streets always
The West Indian migratory crab Is
the only creature that Is born in the
aea. attains maturity In fresh water
paasea it adult life on land.
Built a Road.
A Washington man who put In ten
years of soldiering in the regular army
of the Uunlted States, five years of It
on the frontier with the cavalry la
Indian campaigning; and the other
five In the heavy artillery, was recent
ly ai pointed a captain and assistant
adjutant general In the volunteer ser
vice, and he is now attached to the
staff of General Miles. He is a man
of ability and great unpretentiousnesa.
A few days before he donned his uni
form he went to Fort McHenry. Bal
timore, un orticial business. A war de
partment clerk went along with him.
When the two men arrived at Fort
Mcllenry the new captain pointed to
a long shell road that runs through the
"Do you see that road?" asked the
"Weil. I made that whole road my
self. It was as tuuiih a job as I ever
performed, and u bitter a period, but
it did me a heap of good. I was serv
ing with an artillery regiment, part of
which was stationed here, and one
night when 1 was on guard the officer
of the day crept up on me unawares
and found me sitting down on a pile
of gunny sacks, neglecting my duty.
I got a general court-martial for neg
lect of duty on Hst. and was sen
tenced to six months in the guardhouse.
My sentence tickled the old provost
st-rgrant mightily, for be was In need
.f a steady prisoner to build that road.
I built it. and crunched many a mil
lion oyster shells building it. I never
hud myself feeling i-hecty and high-
and-mighty, and all that sort of thing,
that I don't shut my eyes and think of
this shell road over In Fort Mi Henry.
An officer of the Puritan, which vet-
set Is with the blockading squadron.
writes that the temperature In his
stateroom is from !.' to 5. but consider
ably over 100 between decks, and from
40 to 160 In the engine room He thinks
t remarkable that the crew have been
able to withstand the heat for so many
An l.iventor In India has constructed
n apparatus for cooking by the heat
f the sun. It consists of a box mad
f wood and lined with reflecting mir
rors, at the bottom of the box being
small copper boiler, covered with
lass to retain the heat of the rays
concentrated by the mirrors upon the
boiler. In this contrivance anr sort
of feed may be quickly cooked.
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