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About Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 22, 1894)
C XV. SHEK.VIAN, Publisher.
PLATTSilOUTH, i i NEBRASKA.
The News Condensed.
Important Intelligence From All Parts.
Increased expenditures and de
creased receipts cansed a deficiency in
the post office department of f9.243.935
daring the year ended June SO last.
; It was said that President Cleveland
ihad offered his services as arbitrator
In a settlement of the dispute between
China and Japan.
; Gov. Flower, of New York, has
granted permission to experts to at
tempt to resuscitate a man executed in
the electrical chair.
; Pbksidkst Cleveland was said to
favor a new issue of bonds at once,
owing to the low stage of the gold re
serve. November returns of the rates of
yield of corn per acre make the aver
age 19,7, the lowest in thirteen years,
i A heavy snowstorm prevailed
throughout Indiana, delaying freight
and passenger trains in many in
stances. The first grand lodge of the Ameri
can National Union of Stenographers
and Typewriters was organized in St.
Residents of Indianapolis were
alarmed at the frequency with which
graves were being desecrated and
William Sturges, the plaintiff in
the famous Sturges-Farwell litigation
in Chicago, and who broke down under
its weight, died at Owego, N. Y.
Thk Texas Pacific railroad cotton
wharf at New Orleans was burned by
incendiaries, causing a loss of S500.000.
IIexbv Powell shot and fatally
wounded Mrs. Sapire McLaughlin at
North Rochester, Pa., and then killed
himself. Jealousy was the cause.
The First national bank of Johnson
City, Tenn., with a capital of 100.000,
closed its door.
The visible supply of grain in the
United States on the lth was: Wheat,
81,220,000 bushels; corn, 2.63S.000 bush
els; oats. 9,004,000 bushels; rye, 449,000
bushels: barley, S, 933. 000 bushels.
Martin J. Watsox buried at Ander
son, Ind., the last of a family of five,
including his wife, who were in good
health one month ago. They were the
victims of black diphtheria.
A 'Frisco passenger train was held
up near Monett, Mo., by two masked
men, who compelled the express mes
senger to turn over the express pack
ages. Mrs. Jacob Thomas and child were
burned to death at lias tings. Neb.
Jons W. Goff, recorder-elect of New
York city, filed a statement showing
that his campaign expenses in the re
cent election were seventy-five cents.
Barrett Scott, who, as treasurer of
Holt county. Neb., embezzled 5100,000,
was sentenced at Neligh to the peni
tentiary for five years.
Three masked men attempted to rob
the bank at Sylvan Grove, Kan. One
was wounded by the cashier and was
killed by his companions to prevent
Oxe man was killed and six others
Injured by the collapse of the wall of
a building under construction at Phil
adelphia. Joseph LaCroix and Philip Wells,
his uncle, were murdered by Indians
while crossing Pine Ridge Indian res
ervation in South Dakota.
PrLLMAX, the General Managers' as
sociation and the railway strikers
were condemned in the report of the
government strike commission. The
establishment of a national board of
arbitration was recommended.
Directors in Chicago of the Colum
bian exposition resolved to dispose of
the 200,000 unsold souvenir half dollars
Isstectob Schaack suspended nine
teen Chicago policemen for failure to
perform their duty and three others
were discharged by Chief Brennan for
misconduct, during tha election.
Hundreds of acres of potatoes that
were not dug, and corn, apples and
other farm products that were not
harvested were frozen by a blizzard
Fifty thousand persons witnessed
the launching of the St. Louis, the
largest vessel ever constructed in
America, at Philadelphia. Mrs. Cleve
land christened the steamship.
Forest fires in Arkansas were still
burning fiercely, doing great damage.
Near Edmondson two negroes were
burned to death.
A heavy fall of snow was reported
throughout Illinois, Iowa, Indiana,
Michigan and Wisconsin.
Dangerous counterfeit half dollars
were in circulation in Indiana. The
date upon them is 1894 and they are a
trifle lighter than the genuine.
A general order, commending in
dividual soldiers for specially meri
torious acts during 1893, was issued by
Maj. Gen. Schofield.
Ex-Banker A. A. Cadwallader, of
6vfperior, Wis., pleaded guilty of em
bezzlement and was sentenced to five
The general assembly of the Knights
of Labor met in eighteenth annual ses
sion at New Orleans.
The annual report of George A.
Howard, the auditor for the post office
department, shows that the total num
ber of money order offices in operation
June 30, 1894, was 19,529.
The twelfth annual meeting of the
National Baptist congress began at
"Jack the Stbanolf.b" is again at
work in Denver. A Japanese girl of
ill repute was his third victim.
Bill Cook and his robber band held
up a Missouri, Kansas & Texas train
near Muskogee, L T. They were un
able to enter the express car, but re
lieved the passengers of their valu
Secretary Carlisle issued a call for
bids for 860,000,000 5 per cent, ten year
The schooner John Shaw with its
orew of seven men was wrecked off
Forest Tires in north Mississippi,
west Tennessee and eastern Arkansas
continued to rage with unabated
vigor, doing immense damage.
The annual report of the postmaster
general shows that the total number
of pieces of mail handled was 10,534,
234,255, in which but 1,281,094 errors
Eight persons were known to have
perished in the forest fires In Ten
nessee. An epidemic of typhoid fever was
raging in the Nebraska institute -for
the deaf and dumb at Omaha.
The business portion Ithaca, of Neb.,
was destroyed by fire.
The Eagle, the senior republican or
gan of western Michigan, after half a
century of publication ceased to exist
at Grand Rapids.
Allen Prime, of Louisville, Ky.,
tried to kill his wife and mother-in-law,
wounded his sister-in-law and
then shot himself.
Gov. Altgeld appointed Elijah P.
Ramsay state treasurer of Illinois to
fill the vacancy occasioned by his
Twenty negroes left New York for
Liberia, the advance guard of an, army
of 4,000 awaiting means of deporta
tion. Moses Christopher, the negro who
assaulted Mosselle Carter, the 7-year-old
child, two months ago and who was
arrested, tried and convicted the same
day of the crime, was hanged at Bow
ling Green, Va.
The cotton growers convention at
Montgomery, Ala., organized a na
tional association for the protection of
their interests. The cotton crop this
year was estimated at 9.250,000 bales.
Lawyer Walter D. Allen, of Phil
adelphia, pleaded guilty of embezzling
S24.000 belonging to his clients.
Emanuel Otto, a wealthy farmer
living near Morton, Minn., was killed
by robbers,who rifled his money chest.
Joseph Conrad fatally wounded
John Martz at -Zionsville, Ind., and
narrowly escaped lynching at the
hands of citizens.
Enraged by his failure to secure re
appointment as clerk, G. K. Whit
worth, of Nashville, Tenn., killed
Judge Allison and shot himself.
The body of William Sturges, of
Chicago, was incinerated at the Pres
byterian crematory in Newtown, I. I.
Twelve men concerned in the lynch
ing of John and Monroe Evans in Cul
lum. Ala., in 1891, were arrested.
q William Dawson, a storekeeper at
Smith's Ferry, O., was killed by a shot
gun he had set for burglars and for
gotten. At the annual session in New York
of the National Baseball league N. E.
Young was reelected president for a
term of three years.
Henry Binder, a retired business
man of Ann Arbor, Mich., was burned
to death in his barn by the explosion
of a lantern.
At the industrial conciliation and
arbitration congress in Chicago many
important papers were read and the
different phases of the arbitration
question were discussed.
Joe Patchen paced a mile over a
half-mile track at San Antonio, Tex.,
in 2:08, breaking the world's record.
Twenty students of the Bible col
ege of Kentucky university at Lex
ington were seriously ill with typhoid
fever, caused by drinking impure
water, and three had died.
At Plymouth, Pa., fire destroyed a
breaker and its outhouses with all
machinery, the loss being 8160,000.
Seven men were under arrest at
Ridgway, Pa., for attempting to de
stroy the family of a miner who would
The schooner Antelope, of Chicago,
capsized at Grand Haven, Mich., and
the three men comprising her crew
Fob the ten months ended with Oc
tober the exports of merchandise from
the United States were 660, 166s 64 3
against 8690,087.854 for the correspond
ing period of 1893. The imports were
S5C3,271,0j6, against J677.060.ro4 in 1893.
A forest fire that started from a
sawmill west of the mining camp of
Ward, CoL. had done fully 82,000.000
damage and was still spreading.
Sheffield, an Iowa town of 1,000 in
habitants, was almost entirely wiped
out by fire.
Three children of Jeff Raynor. left
alone in the house at Oakland, Tenn.,
were burned to death and the building
Unknown persons made two attempts
to wreck the midnight passenger train
over the Chicago fc Alton road at
Government officials unearthed gi
gantic frauds perpetrated at the open
ing of the Cherokee strip to settle
ment. Jay Hicks, who murdered Ranch
man Mryers in South Dakota and near
ly killed the sheriff, was hanged at
PERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
Official returns from the recent
elections give the following republican
pluralities: Indiana, 45.445; Iowa, 80,
000; Missouri, 11,092; Wisconsin, 51,
498; Minnesota. 59,258; Connecticut,
17,667; New York, 155,063.
George W. Scoggan, the well-known
race-horse owner and breeder, died at
his home near Louisville, Ky.
Official election returns from Ne
braska give Holcomb (dem.-pop.) Tor
governor a plurality of 8.087. All the
remainder of the state officers elected
are republicans, their pluralities rang
ing from 13,000 to 30,000. The legisla
ture will stand: Senate, republican,
24; populists, 9. House, republican, 72;
democrats, 7; populists, 21.
Col. John A. McCaull, of opera
fame, who fell on the ice and was par
alyzed in Chicago a fewyearsago, died
at Greensboro, N. C
Myron B. Wright, of Suesquehanna,
congressman from the Fifteenth Penn
sylvania district, died at Trenton, Ont.,
aged 47 years.
Gen. Cassius m. Clay, 84 years old,
and his ward, Dora Richardson, 15
years old, were married at Gen. Clay's
home in Lexington, Ky.
Judge Allen O. Thurman celebrated
his 81st birthday at his home in Colum
The official vote of the election in
Indiana by congressional districts
gives the republicans a majority of
55,647. For the head of the state tick
et the republican plurality is 47.649.
The official vote in the Seventh Ken
tucky district gives Owens (dem.) a
plurality of 101 votes.
l Charles E. Strong, general manager
of the Chicago Newspaper union, died
from paralysis of the heart at his
William H. Mauro, Sr., aged 88, the
oldest odd fellow in Iowa and the old
est living past grand master of the I.
O. O. F., died at his home in Burling
ton. The general assembly of Alabama
convened at Montgomery and was
sworn in by Chief Justice BickelL The
democrats have a two-to-one control
in each house.
Official election returns from Con
necticut give Coffin (rep.) for governor
a plurality of 17,688.
Henry Keney, for sixty-five years
the foremost merchant of Hartford,
Conn., died at the age of 90.
Annie Downing Kent died at North
Andover, Mass., where she was visit
ing, and her husband, Albert Kent,
died at about the same time at their
home in Hartford, Conn.
A fibe-damp explosion in the coal
mine at Bruecho, Bohemia, killed
twenty miners and injured many more.
Over 8,000 Armenians, including
women and children, were massacred
in the Sassoun region near Moosh.
Turkish Armenia, during a recent at
tack by Kurds and twenty-five villages
A dispatch to a London paper says
that Port Arthur had fallen into the
hands of the Japanese.
The large warehouse in London
owned by the Terrebona Tea company
was burned, the loss being 5400,000.
Bcscn &, Co., cotton and coffee mer
chants at Havre, France, failed for SI,'
Russell Island savages attacked the
French traders' station, killed its oc
cupants and feasted on their bodies.
Novelli fc Co., merchants at Lon
don, failed for 8500,000.
The body of the late czar reached
St. Petersburg and was escorted to the
cathedral by a procession imposing in
length and make-up.
More than 800 persons lost their
lives in an earthquake in Japan. Sa
kata was almost entirely destroyed.
Tee death of Sir Thomas Matthew
Charles Symonds, G. C. R, admiral of
the British fleet, occurred in London
at the age of 83 years.
The city of Paris, France, was visited
by a terrific storm and many people
were killed. Numerous roofs were
blown off. the telegraph lines were
broken down and the provinces were
Basui-bazouks were reported to
have raided a number of Armenian
villages and to have killed and wound
ed 6,000 persons.
The gold dollar of the United States
will hereafter be the standard coin of
Japan wishes definite proposals
from China for a settlement of the
war before accepting an offer of medi
ation. Floods swept the seaport town of
Limasol, on the Island of Cypress, de
stroying much property and drowning
The British ship Culmore foundered
80 miles off Spurn Head during a gale
and twenty-two persons.were drowned.
Therk were 270 business failures in
the United States in the seven days
ended on the 16th, against 261 the week
previous and 232 in the correspond
ing time in 1893.
Five fires in one day at Winnipeg,
Man., started by incendiaries, caused
a total loss of $-210,000.
Dr. James McCobh, ex-president of
Princeton (N. J.) college, is dead. He
was S3 years of age and a celebrated
Storms extinguished the forest fires
in Colorado mining districts. The
damage to property was estimated at
$1, 000.000, and several hundred people
were made homeless.
Rev. Richard Carroll, aged 89, a
prominent Baptist preacher for sixty
five j-ears, committed suicide by hang
ing at Maynardsville, Tenn.
Thousands of Armenian women were
subjected to indignities and then put
to death by the Kurds.
Severe earthquake shocks in the
provinces of Messina and Calabria de
stroyed many buildings and injured
Martin V. Strait, a flour and feed
dealer at Elmira, N. Y., shot his wife
and her sister, Mrs. William Whitford,
and himself. Domestic trouble was the
Dun's weekly review of trade says
gradual improvement is noticeable in
nearly all branches of business.
Durino a boxing match at Syracuse,
N. Y.. Bob Fitzsimmons struck his
mate. Con Riordan, a chance blow
which caused his death.
As the result of a feud Mayor Har
man and Henry Lawrence, of Lula,
Miss., were shot and killed by J. W.
Frakcis A. Teall, who read the
original proofs of Poe's "Raven" and
"The Bells," died at Bloomfield, N. J.,
A Denver newspaper says a big syn
dicate in scheming to obtain control
of the entire American output of sil
ver. The official vote of Missouri in the
recent election gives Robinson (rep.)
for judge of the supreme court a plu
rality of 3.094.
The firm of B. II. Douglass & Sons,
confectioners at New Haven, Conn,',
failed for $100,000.
Robebt C. Winthrop died in Boston
at the age of 84 years. He was the
oldest surviving ex-United States sena
tor from Massachusetts and the oldest
surving ex-speaker of the national
house of representatives, having been
elected to the Thirtieth congress.
Beport ot President Cleveland
Special Labor Commission.
The General Managers Association Scored
-Pullman Company, Its Workmen and
Tarrant Cleveland's Attitude Justi
fied Specific Recommendations.
The report of the special labor com
mission appointed to investigate the
causes of the recent railway strike has
been made public. It is signed by the
federal labor commissioner, Carroll D.
Wright, and his fellow-investigators,
John D. Kernan, of New York, and
Nicholas E. Worthington, of Illinois,
and is addressed to President Cleve
land: The report says the capitalization of the
twenty-four railroads directly represented la
the General Managers' association was C3.108.
662.617. The -number of employes was 221.097.
In lis constitution the object of the association
, Is stated to be "the consideration of problems
of management arising from the operation ot
railroads terminating or centering at Chicago."
"Until June. 1894. the association's possibili
ties as a strike fighter and wage arbiter lay
rather dormant. Its roads fixed a 'Chicago
scale' for switchmen, covering all lines at Chi
cago. In March. 184)3. the switchmen demanded
more pay from each road. The association
concluded that they were paid enough; If any
thing, too much.
"This seems to show that employes upon as
sociation roads are under subjection to the
General Managers' association."
The report, after detailing the action of the
association in establishing agencies and em
ploying men, adds:
"This was the first time when men upon each
line were brought sharply face to face with the
fact that in questions as to wages, rules, etc.,
each line was supported by twenty-four com
bined railroads. This association likewise pre
pared for its use elaborate schedules of the
wages paid upon the entire lines of its twenty
four members. The proposed object of these
schedules was to let each road know what other
"The distribution of these schedules alone
nabled the report to be used with efficiency as
an 'equalizer.' As the result during 1883 It
being then well understood that as to wages,
etc., it was an Incident of the General Man
agers' asssoclatlon to 'assist' each road in case
of trouble over such matters, one form of as
sistance being for the association to seture
men enough through Us agencies to take the
places of all strikers reductions were here
and there made on the different roads. th ten
dency and effort apparently being to equalize
the pay on all lines.
"It is admitted that the action of the asso
ciation has great weight with outside lines and
this tends to establish one uniform scale
throughout the country. The further single
atep of admitting lines not rctanlng into Chica
go to membership would certainly have the ef
fect of combining all railroads in wage con
tentions against all employes thereon. The
commission questions whether any legal au
thority, statutory or otherwise, can be found
to justify some of the features of tne associa
tion which have come to light in this investiga
tion. If we regard its practical workings,
rather than Its professions as expressed In lis
constitution, the General Managers' associa
tion has no more standing In law than the old
trunk line pool. It cannot Incorporate be
eause railroad charters do not authorize roads
to form corporations or associations to fix
rates for services and wages, nor to force their
acceptance nor to battle with strikers.
"It should be noted that until the railroads
set the example a general union of railroad
employes was never attempted. The unions
had not gone beyond calling the men upon
different ystems into separate trade organiza
tions. These neutralize and check each other
to some extent snd have no such scope or
capacity for good orevll as Is possible under the
universal combination idea Inaugurated by the
railroads and followed by the American Kail
Way union. The refusal of the General Man
agers' association to recognize and deal with
such a combination of labor as the American
Railway union seems arrogant and absurd
when we consider its standing before the law.
Its assumptions and its past and obviously con
templated future action "
Pullman Company and Its Town.
"This Is a corporation organized In 1867. with
a capital of (1.000 0U0. It has grown until Its
present paid up capital is t36 00.1.000. Its prop
erty has enabled the company for over twenty
years to pay S per cent, quarterly dividends,
and in addition to lay up a surplns ot nearly
125.000 000 of undivided profits."
Speaking of the town of Pullman, of which
the report states the company Is owner and
landlord, the commission says:
"The conditions created at Pullman enable
the management at all times to assert with
great vigor its assumed right to fix wages and
rents absolutely ana to repress that sort of In
dependence which leads to labor organizations
and their attempts at mediation, arbitration,
strikes, etc. On the other hand, it Is an eco
nomic principle generally recognize 1 that the
hutting down of such a plant and the scattering
of Its forces usually result In a greater loss
than that exhibited by the continuance of
business. The Pullman comoany could
hardly shut down for seven and a half months
at a eost and loss of less than 1 per cent, upon
Us capital and surplus. To continue running
was for Its obvious and unfair advantage so
long as It could divide losses equally with its
labor. The men at Pullman claim that the
company, during 1893-94. set the pace through
exports so that with forced loss of time an av
erage man could earn little more than the rent
df his home owned by the company. The com
pany alleges that It simply readjusted piece
work prices to suit the necessities ot the times.
"During all of this reduction and its attend
ant suffering none of tha salaries of the offi
cers, managers or superintendents were re
duced. Reductions In these would not have
been so severely felt, would have shown good
faith, would have relieved the harshness of the
situation and would have evinced genuine sym
pathy with labor in the disasters of the times.
"IX we exclude the esthetic and sanitary
features at Pnllman. the rents there are from
10 to 25 per cent higher than rents in Chicago or
surrounding towns tor similar accommoda
tions. The esthetio features are admired by
visitors, but have little money value to em
ployes, especially when they lack bread.
"While reducing wages the company made
DO reduction in rents. Its position Is that tha
two matters are distinct and that none of the
reasons urged as justifying wage reduction by
It as an employer can be considered by the
company as a landlord.
"The company claims that It Is simply legiti
mate business to use its position and resources
to hire in the labor market as cheaply as pos
sible and at the same time to keep rents up re
gardless of wtrst wages are paid to Its tenants,
or what similar tenements rent for elsewhere;
to avail Itself to the full extent of business de
gression and competition in reducing wages
and to disregard these same conditions as to
rents. No valid reason Is assigned for this
position except simply that the company had
the power and the legal right to do it.
"The demand ot the employes for the wages
of June, 1893, was clearly unjustifiable. The
business in May. 1894. could not pay the wages
of June, 1898. Reduction was carried to excess,
but the sompany was hardly more at fault
therein than were the employes la Insisting
upon the wages of June. 14)3."
As to the great railroad strike proper the re
"It is apparent that the readiness to strike
sympathetically was promoted by the dis
turbed and apprehensive condition of railroad
employes, resulttng from wage reductions on
different lines, blacklisting, etc.. and from the
recent growth of the General Managers' asso
ciation, which seemed to them a menace."
The report declares the arrival of the troops
at Chicago was opportune, and says that po
licemen sympathized with strikers rather
than with the corporations cannot be doubted,
nor would it be surprising to find tho same
sentiment rife among the military. These forces
are largely recruited from the laboring elasses.
The President Is Upheld.
The commission disposes as follows of the
natter ol the use of federal trooDs:
ilection 4 of article 4 of the federal eonsU- I
tutlon resds as follows: "The United States
shall guarantee to every state la this anion a
republican form of government and shall pro
tect each of them against Invasion, and on ap
plication of the .legislature, or the executive
(when the legislature cannot be convened),
against domestic violence.' United States
troops were not sent into Illinois upon the ap
plication of the legislature, nor ot the execu
tive, against domestic, violence, violence af
fecting the state and Its government such.
The president ordered the troops fcs Chicago:
I. To protect federal property. To prevent
obstruction In the carrying the malls I. X
prevent interference with the Interstate com
merce. 4. To enforce the dec re at and man
dates ot the federal courts.
"He did this under the authority of section
6,298. of the revised statutes of the United
States, whloh provides:
" '.Whenever, by reason of unlawful obstruc
tions, combinations or assemblages of persons,
or rebellion against the authority ot the gov
ernment of the United States. It shall become
Impracticable in the Judgment of the president
to enforce by the ordinary course ot Judicial
proceeding the laws of the United States within
any state or territory. It shall be lawful for tha
president to call forth the militia of any or all
ot the states and to employ such parts of the
land or naval forces of the United States as he
may deem necessary to enforce the faithful ex
ecution of the laws of the United States or to
suppress such rebellion in whatever state or
territory thereof the laws of the United States
may be forcibly opposed or the execution there
of forcibly obstructed.' Other statutes tend
tooonfer authority in the same direction.'
lebs and Associate Exonerated.
"There Is no evidence before the commission
that the officers of the American Railway
union at any time participated In or advised
intimidation, violence or destruction of prop
erty. They knew and fully appreciated that as
soon as mobs ruled the organized forces of so
ciety would crush the mobs and all responsible
for them In the remotes t degree and that this
meant defeat. The attacks upon corporations
and monopolies by the leaders in their speech
es are similar to those to be found In the mag
azines and industrial works of the day. From
the testimony It is fair to conclude that strikers
were concerned in the outrages against lam
and order, although the number was undoubt
edly small as compared with the whole number.
Permanent Commission Advised.
In conclusion the report says:
''Some ot our courts are still poring over the
law reports of antiquity in order to construe
conspiracy out of labor unipns. We also have
employers who obstruct progress by pervert
ing and misapplying the law of supply and
demand, and who, while insisting upon indi
vidualism for workmen, demand that they
ball be let alone to combine as they please
and that society and all its forces shall protect
them In their resulting contentions.
"The rapid concentration of power and
wealth, under stimulating legislative condi
tions, in persons, corporations and monopolies'
has greatly changed the business and indus
trial situation. Our railroads were chartered
upon the theory that their competition would
amply protect shippers as to rates and em
ployes as to wages and other conditions. Com
bination has largely destroyed this theory and
has seriously disturbed the natural working of
the laws of supply and demand, which, la
theory, are based upon competition, for labor
between those who demand it as we;! as those
who supply it. For instance, as we hav
shown, there Is no longer any competitive de
niand among the twenty-four railroads at Chi
cago for switchmen. Thsy have ceased com
peting with each other; they are no longer
twenty-four separate and competing employ
era: they are virtually one.
"However men may differ about the propri
ety and legality of labor unions, we must al I
recognize the fact that we have them with ui
to stay and grow more numerous and powerful)
Is It not wise to fully recognize them by law;
to admit their necessity as labor guides and
protectors; to conserve their usefulness, in
crease their responsibility and to prevent tbeif
follies and aggressions by conferring upon
them the privileges enjoyed by corporations,
with like proper restrictions and regulations?
The growth of corporate power and wealth has
been the marvel of the last fifty years. Corpor
ations have undoubtedly benefited the coun
try and brought its resources to our doors. It
will not be surprising if the marvel ot the next
fifty years be the advancement of labor to a
position of like power and responsibility.
"When railroads acted as 1udge and jury la
passing upon the complaints of shippers the
people demanded and congress granted a gov
ernment tribunal where shippers and railroads
could meet on equal terms and havo law ad
Just their differences. In view of the Chicago
strike and Its suggested dangers the people
have the same right to provide a government
commission to Investigate and report on differ
ences between railways and their employes to
the end that Interstate commerce and publio
order may be less disturbed by strikes snd
"The commission therefore recommends:
"First. That there be a permanent United
States strike commission of three members,
with duties and powers of investigation ana
recommendations as to disputes between rail
ways and their employes similar to those
vested In the Interstate commerce commission
as to rates, etc.
"(a) That, as rn the interstate commerce
act. power be given te the United States courts
to compel railways to obey the decisions of the
commission after summary hearing unattended
by technicalities, and that no delays In obeying
the decisions of the commission be allowed
"(b) That whenever the parties to a contro
versy In a matter within the Jurisdiction of
the commission are one or more railroads on
one sldo and one or more national trade unions.
Incorporated under chapter 607 of the United
States statutes of 1885-0 or under state stat
utes, opon the other, each side shall have the
right to select a representative, who shall be
appointed by tfce president to serve as a tem
porary member of the commission In hearing,
adjusting and determining that particular Con
troversy. "This provision would make It for the Inter
est of labor organizations to Incorporate under
the law and to make the commission a prac
tlcal board of conciliation. It would also terrt
to create confidence In the commission and t?
give to that body In every hearing the benefit
of practical knowledge of the situation en both
"(c) That during the pendency ot a proceed
ing before the commission Inaugurated by
national trade unions or by an incorporation
of employes it shall not be lawful for the rail
roads to discharge employes belonging thereto
except for inefficiency, violation of law OT Def
lect ot duty: nor for such unions during iifh
pendency to order, unite In. or aid or ab-t
strikes or boycotts agalnut the railways cotr
plained of; nor for a period of six months aftr
a decision for such railroads to discharge any
such employes in whose places others shall be
employed, except for the causes aforesaid; nor
for any such employes, during a like period, to
quit the service without giving thirty days'
written notice of intention to do so; nor for any
such union or incorporation to order, counsel
or advise otherwise.
"That chapter 537 of the United States stat
utes of 1885-88 be amended so as to require na
tional trades unions to provide in their articles
of Incorporation and in their constitutions
rules and by-laws that a member shall cease to
be such and forfeit all rights and privileges
conferred on him by law as such by participat
ing in. or by Instigating force or violence
against persons or property during strikes or
boycotts, or by seeking to prevent others from
working through violence, threats or intimida
tion: also that members shall be no more per
sonally liable for corporate acts than are
stockholders in corporations.
"Contracts requiring men to agree not to Jo'd
lubor organizations or to leave them as condi
tions of employment should be made Illegal
as is already done in some of our states.
"The commission urges employers to recog
nize labor organizations; that such organiza
tions be dealt with through representatives
with special reference to conciliation and arbi
tration when difficulties are threatened or
Germany Wants Pei
Berlin, Nov. 14. The Colrtgrie
Gazette says that Germany, while de
termined to preserve absolute neutral
ity in the hostilities, would gladly see
peace restored as the result of the
mediation of the United States,
The Choice Made by Twenty-One States
at the Recent Election. S
Washington, Not. 14. Twenty-one
states chose governors at the recent
election. Eighteen of the successful
candidates were republicans, two dem
ocrats and one a silverite. The states
in which republicans take the place of
democratic governors are Connecticut,
Delaware, New York, Pennsylvania,
Tennessee and Wisconsin. A democrat
displaces a republican as governor of
California. Populists and fusionists
give way to republicans in Colorado,
Kansas, North Dakota and Wyoming.
The list is as follows:
Alabama William C. Oates, democrat
Arkansas J. P. Clark, democrat.
California James H. Budd. democrat
Colorado Albert W. Mclntyre, republican.
Connecticut O. Vincent Coffin, republican.
Delaware Joshua H. Marvil, republican.
Florida Henry L. Mitchell, democrat.
Georgia W. Y. Atkinson, democrat.
Idaho William J. McConnell, democrat
Illinois John P. Altgeld, democrat
Indiana Claude Matthews, democrat
Iowa Frank I. Jackson, republican.
Kansas Edmund N. Morrill, republican.
Kentucky John Young Brown, democrat
Ijoul&lana Murphy J. Foster, democrat.
Maine Henry B. Cleaves, republican.
Maryland Frank lirown, democrat.
Massachusetts Frederick T. Greenhalge,
Michigan John T. Rich, republican.
Minnesota Knnte Nelson, republican.
Mississippi John M. Stone, democrat
Missouri William J. Stone, democrat
Montana John F. Richards, republican.
Nebraska Thomas J. Majors, republican.
Nevada John F. Jones, silverite.
New Hampshire Charles A. Busiel, repub
lican. New Jersey George T. Wert, democrat
New York Levi P. Morton, republican.
North Carolina Klias Carr, democrat.
North Dakota Roger Allin, republican.
Ohio William McKinley. Jr.. republican.
Oregon- William P, Lord, republican.
Pennsylvania Daniel A. Hastings, repub
lican. Rhode Island D Russell Brown, republican
South Carolina John Gary Evans, democrat.
South Dakota Charles L. Sheldon, repub
lican. Tennessee IL Clay Evans, republican.
Texas Charles A. Culberson, democrat
Vermont Urbana Woodbury, republican.
Virginia Charles T. O'Ferrall. democrat
Washington John H. McGraw. republican.
West Virginia William A. MacCorkle, dem
ocrat Wisconsin William Henry Upham, repub
lican. Wyoming William A. Richards, repub
lican. At the beginning of the present year twenty
four of the governors were democrats, sixteen
republicans and four fusioa and populist
FIERCE STORMS ABROAD.
Twenty-Two Perish Oft Spurn Head The
English Channel Lashed.
Losdox, Nov. IT. The British ship
Culmere, from Iquique for Hull, foun
dered in Wednesday's gale about 60
miles off Spurn Head, Yorkshire, and
went down with all on board. Twenty-two
souls, including Capt. Read and
his wife, are lost. Eight bodies were
washed ashore at Worthing Thursday
The Culmere was last reported from
Hamburg, where she stopped on her
voyage from Iquique. She was loaded
with a miscellaneous cargo, and al-
though the weather was not propitious.
Capt. Read considered the distance to
Hull, 442 miles, a safe run, and con
cluded to try it.
As a result of the violent winds,
heavy rains and overflowing rivers the
inhabitants of some of the riverside
villas at Eton and Windsor are obliged
to approach the doors of their houses
in boats. Upward of 1,000 persons in
Path have been rendered homeless by
the overflowing of the Avon.
Larxica, Island of Cyprus. Nov. 17.
The seaport town of Limasol, on this
island, has sustained much damage
through the recent floods, during
which twenty-one persons perished.
Losdojt, Nov. 15. The storm con
tinues in the channel and throughout
England. A Norwegian ship has been
driven ashore near Dover. Her captain
and several members of her crew were
drowned while trying to land in one of
the ship's boats. The remainder of the
men were rescued by means of the rock
et apparatus, in the presence of thou
sands of excited spectators. The riv
ers Avon and Sour have overflowed,
and in Devonshire many of the inhab
itants have sought refuge on the .
housetops. A large number of cattle
and sheep have been drowned and
traffic in the valley has been suspend
ed. The river Thames has risen 4
feet at Richmond. All cross-channel
traffic has been stopped to and from
Folleston. At Bournemouth thousands
of tons of cliff have been washed into
THE CORONER'S FINDING.
Col. Colt and the Sheriff Held for the
Washington Court Hobko Affair.
Colvmbus, O., Nov. 17. Word was re
ceived here from Washington Court
House Thursday that the coroner had
found Col. Coit responsible for the fa
talities during the riot of October 17.
CoL Coit was first informed of the
news by the United Tress correspond
ent and was much excited. He said:
"I am here at my desk as usual, and
there will te no trouble about finding
me if there is a warrant out for my
arrest. I have no comment to make
on the finding."
Coroner Edwards, of Fayette county,
reported his findings in the inquests
upon the bodies of the persons who
were killed by the volley of the
militia defending the courthouse where
the rapist Dolby was confined. The
coroner holds the shooting to have been
unjustifiable and holds Sheriff Cook
and Col. Coit, who was in command of
the militia, responsible for the fatal
results. The finding was not unex
pected. The coroner is an uncle of
one of the victims.
UNCLE SAM IS WILLING.
To Undertake the Offices of Arbiter In thsv
Tokio, Nov. 13. United States Min
ister Dun has communicated to the
ministry the substance of an impor
tant cipher cable proposition received
from Secretary (J resham at Washing
ton. It suggests that if Japan will
join China in requesting the presi
dent of the United States to act
as mediator in settling the war
he will exercise his good offices in
that capacity. A similar proposition,
has been sent to China.
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