Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901, September 13, 1894, Image 4

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Siii! the prer.hier.t cf the military
-court tj Troiim Stoyan, "You have
been found guilty of the crime of aid
ing the es:-:'.pe of prisoner No. 279
J"ro'.a tL mine of Gorkaya-Balka. Be
fore -e:;tcnce is passed the coart de
sires to hear from yon your version of
the circumstances of the prisoner's es
cape, and the motives which induced
you to he false to the trust imposed on
you. We understand that you dispute
the correctness of some cf the wit
nesses statements. We warn you to
speak the strict truth. Stand at at
tention." As the president finished, a slim
young fellow, standing between two
j-'littf ricg bayonets, drew himself up to
attention." glanced at the spectators
-and faced the court.
"Go on." said the president.
Your Excellency," began the sol
dier, "I don't want mercy, and I don't
expect it; but you have asked me to
tell the truth, and I will tell It. It was
on a Saturday night, snowing hard and
bitterly cold. Sergeant Fetroff march
ed me up to the entrance of Gorkaya
Balka mine and I relieved the sentry
on duty there. I was to remain until
midnight, and I received the usual
orders to stop anyone who tried to
enter or leave the gallery, and to shoot
them if they persisted. I was shiver
ing with cold, and kept tramping about
Jn front of the entrance to keep warm.
After the barrack clock had struck 10,
I noticed some one crouching In the
shadow of the old tool-house a woman,
I thought. It seemed darker there than
out in the open. The snow was driv
ing in my face. I felt queer and timid
that night. Turning sharply round at
the end of my beat farthest from the
house, I saw approaching me the figure
of a woman in black. I got opposite
the entry into the gallery, and stood
silent. I don't know why 1 felt scared.
There was no one else about or nearer
than the overseer's house. She came
swiftly over the snow, and her face
was covered with a veil. I couldn't
speak; it was as if my tongue was
frozen. She put her hands on my
shoulders, and looked up into my face."
"What was she like?" demanded the
"Your excellency, I cannot describe
her. I only saw her eyes, then, and
they were oa fire and went right
straight through me. She told me
much that I can not recall, for I was
looking, not listening. But at last I
understood her to be talking of her
brother in the mine. She said she had
had come all the way from Russia to
see him. and that he was dying.
She said that if I would let her into
the mine for a few minutes she would
rlways pray for me, and devote her
whole life to make me happy.
"Her great black eyes bewitched me,
and I believed her. I said nothing,
but pointed to the mine, and in a mo
ment she had fled into the dark open
ing to the gallery. I never thought of
what I was doing. I was dazed and
stood stoek still, and the snow kept
failing all the time, and the night was
pro wing darker. I had my eyes fixed
on the entrance, and saw the figure
emerge :ind run toward me.
' Syluicr,' she said, 'you have made
mo happy for life. Make yourself
happy and fly with us. Let iny bro
ther pass. I will lead you and him
to-i place where we will be happy to
gether. F.e good to me, soldier,
-and I will give you all you ask from
me. I will be yours; I will live for
you and die for you.
"Don't smile, Excellency. I was in
toxicated with her words. I believed
her. Her arms were around my neck,
and her faey was lovely as the Madon
na's. I seized my rifle and flung it
with alLiry strength out into the snow.
She put a lile into my hands and I
followed her to the gallery. There
. the darkness was thicker still, but we
A groped our way to where a man stood
-chained to a thick wooden stanchion.
I knew what I had to do. The man
said nothing, but the woman kissed
me kissed idp, Excellency. So I work
ed like a madman. He was soon free.
We reached the entrance as tlie bar
rtieks clock was striking 11. There
was a w hole hour yet In-fore the guard
would be changed. We ran through
the little wood and crossed the frozen
river, and away beyond a wide, open
.space, where the snow was very deep,
we entered the pine woods.
"The woman knew where she was
leading us. for we came to a hut where
-we found clothes and food. I buried
my uniform in the snow. All that
night we moved rapidly through the
woods, hardly speaking to one another
at first. But the man and worn in went
on in front, walking arm in arm, and
often they kissed one another, laughing
and crying in turns. When I was
close to them they sometimes spoke
French. As soon as it was light I
never let my eyes leave her face. Her
eyes were large and dark, but her hair
-was like gold, and hung down her back
ivet en her black cloak."
"Stand-at attention,' sir'." said the
president, sharply.
The prisoner stood erect again and
resumed his story.
"The morning was clear and frosty.
The man had fallen several times dur
ing the night. His strength was gon.
I saw he was pale as death, and blood
oozed from his mouth. The woman
grew frantic with fear that he wo aid
be caught. The man. however, could
yo no further. He lay down on the
snow just as we were leaving the
woods and coming 'out on the steppe.
I thought he would have died. I teok
him in my arms and car.ied him verst
after verst until my strength was gone,
and I fever coming over me. i;ut
the woman never noticed me, nn I once
or twice, when I turned to look at her
from under my burden. I s-.y that her
eyes wore fixed on the face of the mau
I carri d. I could hold out no longer.
I fell on the snow and fainted. How
long 1 hi- there I cannot say. Wheth
er or not I dreamed I am uuahle to
tell the eurrt. I don't think it could
Iiave been a dream. I thought I saw
a troika come nois 1 -ssiy over the snow
Xind heard the breathing of horses."
E- yvj mean to tell the court this
-w."! i ''.ream? ('an you give no further
vwimt'u'arj about the troika or its
. ";drivMV: interr.ip'ed the president.
Xr; ynr Excellency; the horses were
black. I thooght. and I know their
-eye s ' phob e brightly; the sledges ulso
seemd to be black. It came silently.
It went aay with gently ringing bells,
likv silver bells. When I came to my
senses it was snowing hard. The wet
flakrs awoke me. 1 think. I gazed
.around me on all sides. I was alone.
I thougir of my dream. There was no
hoof-marK. no trace of sledge-runners,
nothing but the level, trackless
snow. Perhaps the dow had filled up
the track, perhaps perhaps there was
some other reason. Your Excellency, I
felt myself forsaken. I eould not un
dera5and It. I was mad and cried
-aloud. Suddenly I noticed pinned to
my coat, a scrap of paper with pencil
writing on it. It was taken from me
.when I gave myself up. but I'll never
1 org-i the words 'We can not take you
with us further. Save yourself as best
you can. My husband and I will al
ways pray for you.' Oh. Excellency. I
saw it all thou, and sat down in the
snow and went and cursed. I loved
that woman. Yes, I was a fool."
'And a traitor," interpolated tlie
president, scowling.
"And a trairor. if Your Excellency
says so, but 1 did not think of that
then. I thought only of my love, of
how I had been betrayed, of my hurt
pride. Your Excellency knows the
"The sentence of .the court is that
Private Trotim Stoyau take the place
of the escaped prisoner In the mine
at Gorkaya-Balka. He will remain
there during tlie pleasure of His Im
perial Majesty."
That evening the young soldier was
chained to the stanchion.
Three years later a man and a wom
an on Ellis Island suddenly encounter
each other.
She starts and gasps;
"The soldier:"
While he exclaims:
"The woman!"
There is no time for more. She has
passed the specters and hurried
to the little steamer that is to convey
her to New Y'ork. He is pushed back,
for the inspectors may not reach his
case for a day or two.
But he lands at last. Where shall
he find her? He finds employment, and
then for six months spends all his lei
sure in the quest. At last he meets
her. She is coming out of a theater.
He touches her sleeve. No word is
spoken then, but, as if by mutual in
stinct, they enter the nearest cafe.
Five minutes later he has said:
"I have always loved you. You be
long to me. Since you say your hus
band is dead, you are mine."
"B-it you have no money," glancing
at his shabby clothes.
"I can earn It." he pleads. "A man
who loves as I do can fail in nothing."
The next day they were married by
a priest of the Greek Church. Was it
love or gratitude that prompted the
woman, upon her third brief meeting,
to grant so much?
The priest, gazing after them as they
departed, murmured:
"I have united a goddess and a hero.'
New York Journal.
And the Fish Took (lie Ilad Boy ana
All to the Bottom.
Fishing is an Interesting pastime at
present for a large number of small
fry. Even gray-haired old fellows arm
ed with rods and lines, are to be seen
on fair days at points of vantage along
the docks. Tom cod and sea eels are
caught in great numbers, while once
in a while a horrible-appearing rat
fish is hauled In. These rttfish look
like a cross betwe"n a Chinaman and
the devil, and are aruiod with two
swordlike fins, which protrude from
the sides of the head like a French
dude's mustache. The swords are from j
two to five inches in length, according
to the size of the fish, and are very
strong, having a point as sharp as a
needle. "Woe to the unlucky fisherman
who is struck by a ratlish, for the
wound smarts and pains dreadfully.
Yesterday a gang of tough-looking
street Arabs were fishing off ths em
bankment in the Northern Pacific
switching yard, and an old geutleman
with a benevolent countenance and
long gray whiskers was much interest
ed in the sport. Not seeing any fish
landed, tlie old man asked one of the
urchins. Gus Sampson:
"What are j-ou fishing for. my boy?"
"Bite," answered the kid, with a
fiendish grin.
At the same instant, as if by Divine
Providence, the old man was avenged,
for there was such a gigantic bite on
that boy's line that boy, pol, line and
all were yanked oil the dock and pulled
out of sight into the water. In a few
moments Gus rose to the surface with
his mouth, ears, eyes and nose full of
mud. He struck out for slure. while
the pole, which still floated on the sur
face, dirted off at a lively speed In an
opposite direction.
Two Indians happened along In a
canoe and they gave chase to the pole.
They f nally overtook it. and after half
an hour's tedious work succeeded in
landing an Immense rock cod, which
had in some mysterious manner been
hooked in the tail. The cod weighed
twelve pounds and three ounces, and
was bought by the benevolent old gen
tleman with the long gray whiskers.
Tacoma Leader.
The Man Who Thrust Ilia Lance Int.
Clirint's Side.
The name of the soldier who pierced
Christ's side with the spear while he
was hai-ging on the cross has been
preserved in the legendary lore of the
church a. I.cnginus. This man was one
of the soldiers appointed to keep guard
at the cross, and it is said that he was
converted by the miracles which at
tended the crucifixion. The legend
ocn goes further, declaring that he
vas one of the company of tvatch'ors
set to guard the sepuleh T. and thf.t he
was the only one who refused to be
bribed to say that the body of our
Savior had been stolen by the disciples.
For his fidelity to this great truth
Pilate resolved ujion .lis destruction.
On this account Longinus left the army
to devote his entire time to spreading
the gospel. But he did this without
first gettiug permission from the gov
ernment of .Tu.lea or from Home. lie.
and two fellow soldiers whom he had
converted, retired to Cnppadocia. where
they begun to preach the word of God.
At the instigation of sotn of the lead
ing Jews, however. Pilate sent out a
detachment of soldiers, who surprised
the deserters at a place where they
were holding a Christian meeting, and
where thry had three crosses set up
as an illustration of the great tragedy
which had occurred but a sli irt v. liil
before at Jerusalem. Ail theo were
killed and beheaded, and iheir heads
nailed upon the crosses ami carried lo
triumph back to Jerusalem.
I'myni pathetic.
The knight of rest slipped Into Ihe
back yard as if he had beeu guilty of
some offense, and putting an empty
tomato can out of sight under his tat
tered coat, he approached the port
cullli of the kitchen and tapped on it
with his halidom. In response a wiry
haired girl, with a towel tied around
her head, made her appearance.
"Well?' she said Interrogatively, as
she took his measure with her eagle
"I Jast thought I'd strike you for
breakfast," he answered, apologetically-
; . . .. . '
we don't believe in strikes in tms
hborhood," she said, emphatically.
Vtimmfd the uoor with a bang that
'tea me uust oui oi uid ioga. j-e-'Frc
JVo JTorc Gamhllnc
That a man should look after money
lost la gambling with penitent eyes
ar.'I vow never again to be tempted to
like sinful foolishness seems not so
strange. But Gen. Maury, in his llec
ollections of a Virginian." tolls how he
was led to a similar decision by an
opposito experience. The occurrence
took place while he was an instructor
at West Point.
We had a very jovial and humorous
set of young officers at the academy
for several j-ears after tlie Mexican
war, and great kindness of feeling pre
vailed. We played whist, dime points,
faro and bnvjj at the same moderate
rate. It was noted that at faro we
almost invariably broke the bank.
One winter 1 was laid up for many
weeks by an injury to my leg. received
while riding, and my room, during all
that time, was the gathering place
after dinner. The card table was
drawn tip to my lied, and I played my
hand till tired and sleepy.
One night we were playing brag,
tnd as 1 became drowsy, little Frank
Clarke said he would play my hand
for mo while I slept. Wheu 1 awoke,
the next morning. 1 found under my
pillow the greatest amount I had ever
won at cards.
1 reflected that it was a demoralizing
amusement; that avarice, the basest
of human passions, was its moving
impulse; that often, at the card table,
I observed some show of feeling that
left an unpleasant remembrance
against a comrade, and that none of
us could afford to win or lose even a
few dollars; so I eeased all play for
money, and have been glad of it ever
Thlng;i Yon Can Boy for a, Cent.
"The penny store appeals to me now
with a fresh interest," said a young
father, and 'Give me a penny,' has a
new significance. My youthful daugh
ter has found the penny store, and
she has discovered me as a source of
supplies. It Is wonderful the variety
of things that can be bought for a pen
ny, and it Is astonishing the variety of
things that she buys. Candies she buys
of many kinds that are new to me,
and which must have been invented
since the not very remote period when
I was a child myself. There are now
more kinds to choose from, and they
are sold In a greater variety of forms,
at two for a cent, or three or four,
and some of the stick candies sold now
are a foot or so long, though they are
more attenuated than their shorter
brothers. And she buys articles of fur
niture, pianos and chairs and things
like that for a cent apiece, and pin
wheel papers a lot of them for a cent,
and all different colors, and those lit
tle mbber bags that you blow up and
that make a funny squeaking noise
when you expel the air from them;
paper dolls, little blank books and a
great lot of things fascinating to the
youthful mind. When, we walk abroad,
she runs nhad as Ave approach the
penny store, so that she may have the
more time to gaze at the treasures in
the window. Of all the shop windows
that is the only one that interests her,
and as I see her looking intently In
and think of the many tliousands of
other children just like her. It is easy
to see where the profit on penny goods
comes In." New York Sun.
A ChcrUhrd Document.
Tlie simple people of Alsace, who
retain in their hearts a strong love
for France at the same time that they
are desirous not to offend their Ger
man rulers too much, hare a hard time
of it when they are brought to the ballot-box
to vote for representatives in
the German parliament. In one elec
tion in a certain Alsatian district the
two candidates were Kable, an Alsa
tian of French sympathies, who had
protested against the annexation after
the war of 1S70, and a German.
On election day a peasant came to the
polling place, which was presided over
by a German official. The peasant had
in one hand a ticket on which was
printed the name of Kable, and in the
other a ticket bearing the name of the
German candidate.
"Mein Herr," he said to the German
election officer, "will you tell me which
of these two tickets is the better one?"
The officer looked at them.
"Why, this is much preferable," said
he, indicating the German's ticket.
"Ah. I thank you!" answered the
peasant. "I will keep it next my
He folded it carefully and put it in
Ids inside coat pocket.
"As for this other, then." said he,
with an air of putting it away from
him as an unworthy thing, "I will leave
it here!"
And he put the Kable ticket in the
Ileal Keanty.
A reply which was at once wise and
witty is said to have been made by a
gentleman to whose decision in regard
to a curtain matter two pretty young
girls appealed.
They were discussing the question as
to what constitutes beauty In a hand,
and differed greatly In opinion. At
last they referred the matter to the
old man, of whom they were both very
"My dears," said the old gentleman,
with a kindly smile, "the question is too
hard a one for me to decide. But ask
the poor, and they will tell you that the
most beautiful hand in the world is
the hand that gives the most freely."
Soaked I'p.
Monsieur Calino Is fond of Instruct
ing his young son in natural history,
and never fails to give a prompt an
swer to any question that he may ask.
One day Calino Junior asked Calino
Senior where the water which was in
the brooks went to.
"Into the livers," said monsieur.
"And where does the water ia the
rivers go to?"
"Into the sea."
"And where does the water In the
sea go to?"
"It is absorbed by the sponges at th.
bottom," answered Monsieur Calino.
It has been found that the recent
caisson explosion in Chicago was caused
by defective shells, which are so dan
gerously numerous among the shells
now furnished the artillery that no
more orders for the missiles will be
tent to the manufacturer who hes beeu
guilty of carelessness. With such shells
t-oldiers would be in more danger from
their own ammunition thau from the
ammunition of the enemy.
Let no man, boy or do chase ows
these days, if you ever allow it. Uso
particular care in this regard In the
case of cows soon to come In. Quiet
rest in the shaded nook should be
theirs rather than dogged exposure to
s::oriT sivirmjus c,v- vor.u
v. iui: c;l:l::i;hitii:s.
Men nnil Vnra; Who Ilnve Attain
ed niMtfnet !c 1" Various YViiyn,
Ilotli la This Country and Abroad.
It is an interesting fact, not generally
known, that American influence in
Corea overshadows that of all other
countries, even of China and Japan,
and that American citizens hold some
of the most important government of
fices. The most prominent and inter
esting ligure among
these Americans is
Gen. Charles W. Lo
G cadre, win during
the civil war com
manded a Now
York regiment. Just
after the war he
was sent to Amoy,
ns consul general,
and there distin
guished himself ns
.11.. I . . t . T
1ZW7' " 1W7 ne went to
c w. lbgbndrb. Japan, where he ar
rived Just at the beginning of the
great civil war. In which he took part,
und It is believed his influence had
much to do with the advancement of
Japan. Four or five years ago the
general began to take great fnt?rcst in
the complicated Corean question, and
he left Japau to go to Seoul as vice
minister of the home affairs of Corea.
Ever since then ho has been struggling
to keep Corea free from China, Japan
and Hussla, and must be taking a most
active part in the events now taking
Coantcaa Wachtmelitrr.
Constance, the countess of Wacht
melster, now In this country, is one of
the best known representatives of the
osophy, ranking in importance with W.
Q. Judge, Annie Be
sant and II. S. Ol
cott. She has en
joyed the Intimate
friendship of Mine.
Blavatsky, the high
priestess of the
faith. She was bom
in Florence, Italy,
in 1S;. the daugh
ter of the Marquis
de Bourbel. The De
Bourbels were of
the ancieut French,
and settled in Nor
mandy in l3i. The
MEISTKU. countess was married in 1SG3 to her
cousin. Count WachtmMster. who died
In 1S71. She was attracted to theos
ophy in lSl and since that time has
been unflagging in her zeal for the ad
vancement of the society. She has
been a vegetarian for 14 years, and is
described as being of medium height,
with blonde hair, blue eyes, and a sin
gularly winning manner.
T. Sniso.
Owing to the fact that the most Im
IKirtant events thus far of tlie struggle
between China and Japan have been
naval engagements, T. Saigo, minister
of Japanese navy,
is a person in whom
there is manifested
a great deal of in-
oi-ii r Tin (.2 o mi ti
iCC? in the prime of life,
Is very intelligent.
and his experience
in naval affairs ren
ders hi:n well fitted
to fill his responsi
ble position at this
critical time. In
nearly all the naval
engagements Japan
a- n
has been victorious.
It is stated that
a Chinese ship carrying I.Hkj soldiers
was sunk by Japanese batteries a few
days ago. If Japan comes out victor
ious in this struggle, the result will
be the triumph of Japanese policy of
commerce and progress, but should it
be China, the victory would probably
be followed by the policy of exclusion
and stagnation.
Blariit de Felice Glnffrlda.
Maria de Felice, the daughter of the
Italian ex-Deputy de Felice, Is but four
teen years of age and a political exile.
She was boru in
Cata ili.and in lSlrj
delivered her first
speech before the
labor federations.
Her father was re
cently sentenced to
eighteen years Im
prisonment at Pal
ermo for leading a
revolt against the
government. The
daughter at once
took up her father's
doctrines and has jiaeia rB felice.
become a socialistic orator. Premier
Crisp! has exiled her to Mores, a little
town of 2,400 inhabitants In the Island
of Sardinia, to keep her quiet.
John T. Ulch.
John T. Kich. recently renominated
by the Republicans of Michigan as their
candidate for governor, is a farmer.
His parents were Vermonters. who re
moved to Crawford
county. Pa., where
the governor was
born in 1S41. Seven
years later the fam
ily removed to
Michigan. Govern
or ICich was elected
to the state legisla
ture in 1372, where
he served six years,
lieing twice elected
speaker. In 1SS0 he
was a prominent
candidate before the
convention for governor. In the same
year he was elected to the state sen
ate, resigning the position upon his
election to congress, where he served
but one term. Ileturuing to private
life, he has been active in agricultural
circles. In 1SSG and again in 1SSS
he was appointed state railroad com
missioner. IJr. Daniel G. Brlnton.
Dr. Daniel G. Brinton is president
of the American Association for the Ad
vancement of Science, which Is to be
gin its annual session of nine days
duration, at Brook
lyn. Aug. 15. Presi
dent Brlnton. the
eminent ethnologist
was born 'n Penn
sylvania In ISo".
He was graduated
at Yale in 18"S and
at the Jeffersr.n
medical college In
1SG1. During the
war he nerved as a
surgeon in the Fed
eral army, and at
its close settled in
Philadelphia and became the editor of
a mofllcal and surgical publication.
For msny years Dr. Brlntoi has been
prominent as a s'Mdent and writer on
American ethnology, and the subject
has fascinated him ever sine he was
a student at college. He has establish
ed a library and publishing house of
aboriginal Anfcrleaa literature that
scholars niriyfcf ? authentic mxterials
for the study ofNlie languages and cul
ture cf the Iudlams of America. . .
XT. I. ; 3
Jtimcn. I.. McCtJHlcer.
James L. McCusker is the champion
American swimmer, who has gone to
England to swim against Joey Nuttall,
who Is the world's
champion. The men
will probably meet
In Septe nber for a
mile swim for tho
. international cham
pionship find a
stake of $5,000. Mc
Cusker -s a power
fully male youu-.j
man, 2i years old. a
feet S) inches In
height, and at pres
ent weighs ISO
pounds. He was
Down. Ireland, but
.TVS. t, tt'fravrri.
born In County
came to this country when four years
of age. His powers of endurance are
wonderful, and the contest with Nutt
all promises to be the greatest swim
ming match that has ever taken place,
llnrry C. Tyler.
Harry C. Tyler is a young bicyclist
of Springfield, Mass., who recently low
ered the world's one mile record at
Waltham by a full
second. He lowered
the record of
1:54 3-5, held by J.
P. Bliss of Cnicago,
to 1:53 3-5. Tyler's
brilliant work two
years ago, winding
up with breaking
all the ihort dis
tance records from
a standing start,
has made him fam
ous from one end
of the country to
the other. Igist
field, Tyler rode
year at Spring
a mile from
a standing start in 2.-013-5, breaking
the world's record of 2:05 2-5. held by
Willie Wlndle. Tyler Is quite young,
fine-looking and Intelligent, and has
long been the bosom friend of W. C.
Sanger, the noted cyclist.
Traveling Rcvcala Character.
zMany o would be romance has been
nipped in the bud owing to the revela
tions of chaaracter a summer Journey
has brought to the surface. Trips
planned In good faith and full of joy
ous anticipations have frequently re
sulted In disaster before the vicissitudes
of travel by train or steamer have
proved too much for the temper of one
or more of the memberrs of the party,
and the man on the lookout for a wife
or the girl who Is all but engaged have
spoiled their chances forever with
those who thus get an inside view of
a temperament which in its unruffled
state, when all things went right, ap
jieared to le the very embodiment of
amiability Itself, but proved to be of
quite different material when out on
leave of absence.
If selfishness forms any certain ele
ment In one's makeup It Is bound to
crop out during even a very short trip.
Whatever best there is is usurped by
the one who shows all too conclusively
that sacrifice is not at all in his or her
line. The jHwish one is fretted by de
lay, by heat and by dust. The tardy
Individual is never able to appear on
time, thus putting to inconvenience the
others of the company who are oblig
ed to wait the opinion of one who does
not know the meaning of the word
If you can safely say that a man or
woman is a pleasing traveling compan
ion you have given a condensed state
ment of many good traits. Cheerful
ness, psvuenee, unselfishness and
promptness are all requisites that go
to make up the congenial compagnon
du voyage, and at a glance it may be
seen that these factors go largely to
make up a desirable life companion as
well. Therefore the proclamation goes
forth that as a sign board of one's real
nature the protracted journey may be
depended upon, and If you can travel
to Europe or across the continent in
company with one whom you admire,
if he or she stands the test of that or
deal, you can safely enter Into that
other and more trying journey hand in
hand through life. Philadelphia Times.
Hon to Wave the Hair.
The fashion of waved hair brings
about a new method In the use of the
old-fashioned curling iron. The hair
must no longer be crimped, but must
be laid over the head in large, itural
looking waves. The entire secret lies
in the fact that the Iron is no longer
applied to the tip of the tress of hair,
and the hair wound over it, but the
tress of hair itself is wound around the
Iron, beginning as near the scalp as is
comfortable to hold the heated iron.
The illustration shows better than
words exactly how this Is done. The
parting of the hair, which proved so
unpopular when it was first introduc
ed, has been accepted chiefly by those
persons of a Madonna type of face, for
they can bear this severe style of hair
dressing. The delicate fringe of curls
which so many maidens still continue
to wear is too becoming to the majority
of American girls to be driven out of
Xanstbty Maud and the Sparrows.
A Boston society woman of true cul
ture met her husband (a professional
man) at the door the other night as he
returned from business, and with ser
ious face proceeded to hold private con
sultation with him upon the all-Important
and absorbing topic, their only
child, a midget of a few summers. It
was decided that after dinner papa
should Interview the little one and cor
rect some faults of speech which she
had fallen into. He heard that she had
taken to use strong words, but he
didn't believe that After supper he
led his little daughter to the library,
and, standing her in front of him, ser
iotisly said, looking her In the eyes:
"Maudie, I am sorry to say It. but
they tell me you use swear words. Is
that so?"
Maudie with her hands clasped be
hind her and her round eyes fixed ou
her father, said defiantly :
"No, 'taint."
"But," persisted her father, 'they
say you certainly do."
"Who says so?"
"O, a little bird told me," said her
father, knowingly.
"Well." with very emphatic empha
sis. "It must have been one of those
sparrows then."
Not Seeded.
Tid a claso ts handv
to hold the pants Jown wn u
mcks-Sh-tnis is my wife s wh
How Lend lVnrlUi are Made InRen
lnua Anlomalic Miiclilncn leil In
the Manufacture of that lacful Ar
ticle. Just two little pieces of wood and a
stick of graphite and you have that
which Is found in the hands of every
one from the bootblack, who keeps a
'tally on his shines," to the man who
has no more fatiguing lalior to perform
than clipping coupons off government
It may be because of this universal
use or because it is such a simple, inn--cent-looking
article as to fail to excite
investigation, but it Is. nevertheless, a
fact that not one in a hundred of those
who find a constant use for it knows
how a lead pencil is made, says the
Chicago Tribune.
There is a popular impression that
lead Is one of the component parts, but
StralKhtcnlne the Lcada.
this lead proves to be graphite, dug
from the earth separated from Impuri
ties and graded and mixed according
to the degree of perfection desired and
the uses to which it Is to be put. But
a small per cent of that mined can be
used for pencils, the rest is converted
Into crucibles, paint, lubricants and the
bane of the housemaid's existence stove
The first graphite mine worked to any
extent was tlie one discovered at Bor
rowdale. Cumberland. England, in 15;4.
It was not what would be considered a
rich find in this day, but as the open
ing of a new industry it was so highly
prized and was so closely maintained
as a monopoly that In pursuance to an
act of parliament the mouth of the
mine was constantly guarded by an
armed force. I-ater this precaution was
supplemented by limiting the period of
work to six weeks per year, and flood
ing the entrance with water to prevent
Invasion while standing idle.
Preparing Cirnphlte.
The process of preparing graphite for
pencils at this time was the simple one
of sawing it into strips and placing it
in the wood. No previous mixing or
grading was done. The impurities it
contained took the place of the clay
with which it is now mixed, and there
was no doubt enough gritty substance
in it to make if hard without baking.
It was not until other mines were dis
covered, thus furnishing competition,
that any improvement was made in
this method. Then repeated experi
ments gradually led to the manufacture
of pencils of uniform hardness and
tolerable reliability.
The only graphite mine of any conse
quence In America. Is located at Ticon
deroga. N. Y., and owned by the Dixon
Crucible Company. It resembles in a
rreat manv particulars an anthracite
coal mine, though the workings are
much deeper, some of them being ooO
feet below the surface.
The graphite runs in nearly vertical
veins, inclosed in rock, and when raised
to the surface. It contains 50 to SO per
cent of the silica, sulphur, and other
Impurities. The first process through
which .it is put Is to free It from this
foreign matter. This is done by pul
verizing it under water, the particles
being carried by the current through a
series of tanks. That Intended for pen
cils has by this process been reduced to
impalpable lusterless powder, finer than
flour, whleh can be taken in the hand
much the same as water and retained
as easily.
After the graphite reaches this stage
the real pencllmaklng begins, and this
same powder, which Is so fine that a
pinch of It cannot be held between the
finger and thumb. Is treated to a sec
ond process, which further reduces it.
Sufficient water Is added to cause it to
ran very freely and then it Is turned
into a hopper, from which It flows
through a series of four tubes. Tlie
coarsest and heaviest particles settle in
the bottom of the first tub, the next
coarsest in the second, and so on to
the last, by which time the powder has
all settled and the liquid runs off clear.
Tills process of "floating" has separ
ated and graded the particles much
more perfectly than could possibly be
performed by any direct handling while
in the dry state, and It Is now only
necessary to drain the tanks and re
move the deposit through the gates at
the bottom. For the finest pencils
that taken from the last ,.u used.
The Ballroau.
And for the ordinary and cheap grades
that from the two preceding tubs will
Mixing; the Materials.
A peculiar kind of clay, which is
only obtained In Germany, and which
has also been treated to the floating
process, is now combined with the
graphite In proportions varying accord
ing to degrees of hardness desired
or the medium grades about seven
parts of clay to ten of graphite. Water
is added until the combination Is about
the consistency of cream, and the mix
ture put through the grinding mill in
much Vu same manner as paint, for
the finest pencils as many as twenty
-.mJ tnsui-iniT the most perfect
Treugth, uniformity, and f r jeness from
rgiit in the leaas.
V .iPmm the irrindlnir mills It is put in
slout canvas bags and the water forced
out by hydraulic pressure untd th
mass becomes as thick as dough, ani
In this condition it goes to the forming
press. This machine is simply a small
vertical iron cylinder, having a piston
driven by a screw. A plate is inserted
in the bottom having an opening the
size and shape of the lead desir-d,
through which tlie dough-like combina
tion is foro-d, curling round and round
like a coil of rope and falling under a
wooden tray.
At intervals this tray Is reaioved and
the lead straightened out and cut into
lengths sufficient for three pencils. The
handling must be done expeditiously, as
the lead dris qui'.kly, and where it
could formerly be tied into loose knots
if taken fresh, when exposal to the
air for a little time it crumbles almost
with a touch. After the leads are cut
into lengths they are put Into crucibles
and baked In a kiln, from which they
emerge ready for the wood case.
For the cheapest pencils pine is used,
for the common grades an ordinary
quality of red cedar, and for all stand
ard grades the Florida Keys cedar.
This latter wood is both soft and close
grained, and is considered so superior
for the purpose that even the European
manufacturers are obliged to ship it
from Florida.
In the mills at Tampa the wood is
shaped into pieces seven inches long,
three and a half Inches wide and thre
sixteenths of an inch thick. Each strip
is wide enough to mak? the halves of
six pencils, and in this shape, trimmed
of all superfluous wood to avoid freight
charges, they arc sent to the main fac
tory, where they are fed into a machine
which cuts six grooves for the leads
and at the same time smooths the face
of the wood.
Filling the leads, as it is called, Is
done by girls sitting at brass-covered
tables. The first takes a grooved slip
with the left hand and a bunch of leads
with the right, and spreading them out
in her fingers like the sticks of a fan,
lays them in the grooves and passes
the filled slips to the girl at the left,
who puts over it another slip, which
has just received a coat of glue from
a brush wielded by a third.
In an incredibly short time a stock of
filled slips have been glued together
and are ready for the press, where they
remain until thoroughly dry. On re
moving from the press the rough ends
and projecting leads are ground
smooth by placing them against a
wheel covered with sandpaper, an. I
they are then ready for the most Inter
esting and characteristic process of all
that of separating and shaping.
The foreign makers formerly persist
ed in making each pencil separate, anil
at one time did all tho shaping by hand,
after which the work was smoothed by
sandpaper. This may have lieen a quick
enough process in early days, but some
thing more rapid had to be devised to
provide the Americans with tlie enor
mous quantities of pencils used every
The slips, which are six pencils in one
piece are fed one by one under a re
volving cutter, which shapes them on
one side by cutting away the super
fluous wood. As they come out they
are automatically turned over and
passed under a second cutter. The lit
tle revolving knives make a succession
of little gouges in the wood, but fol
lowing one another so closely that
they leave the surface not only true,
but so smooth that the finest saudpa-
The Counting; Ho.trd.
per would deface It, and as they fall
Into the basket six abreast they are
finished pencils In point of utility, and
are ready to be sharpened.
Joseph Dixon, the father of the
graphite Industry In America, made
Ids first pencils in 1S30 in the ancient
town of Salem. They were finished
by hand, and one of his first dozen is
still preserved by his successors. They
are gritty in the lead, unevenly shaped
and the letter "a" in the word Salem
has been omitted through a typograph
ical error.
He tried to dispose of them In Bos
ton, but tlie dealers refused to handle
anything in that line which did not
bear a foreign label, and tills so en
raged him that he gave up the idea
and confined himself exclusively to
In 1S72 the company made a more
successful attempt, and the represent
ative plant of this industry in Amer
ica now employs over j(X people,
turns out 2,000 gross of finished pen
cils per day, and makes upward of 500
Dreams and Sound Sleep.
When a student asked the great Prcf.
Marne if dreams were "a sign of any
thing" he replied: "Yes, a slgu that
the dreamer was only about half asleep
when some vague ideas flitted through
his brain." An opinion exactly contra
ry to the above was once expressed by
Dr. Tanner, the faster. When asked if
he had not dreamed of feasts during
his long fast he replied: "The fact is,
I did not dream at all, simply because
I had no sound sleep during the or
deal. I was sorry for that, because I
had hoped to make a psycol Jgical study
of myself. . . . My sleep was so
disturbed and broken by those con
stantly around me that I had no op
portunity for dreams." Whose theory
respecting the dream condition is cor
rect, Marne's or Tanner's?
Seedless Fears.
Dinah Ebony Aunty, de papers say
mebby de blaek plague will come to dU
Aunt Ebony Don't you worry 'bout
dat. honey. It won't show ou iw.
New York Weekly.
The officials of the Chicago fire de
partment insist upon ascribing an in
cendiary origin to the recent destruct
ive fires in that city. Thus far there
has been no evidence to sustain such
a theory. The conditions were all fa- ,
vorabl; to a fire. The lumber piles '
whtre It origii ated were as dry as tin
der, and, the wind being high, the
fires once started soon got beyond
control. The absence of a new motive
additional argument against the the
ory. Firemen always incline to tha
idea of incendiarism, even though tiife
facta fall to suggest or bear it out.
fl I