Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901, August 02, 1894, Image 2
HEARD LY COURT. R tj. Leaders Answer to the ' charge Contempt. nenlea tho Chre Outlines II U Tetltion The Public I'rfred to Aid Im th Clioycoll niu ina strike B0 Continued? ABGUMESTS ARE HEARD. Chicago, July 25. On Monday Pres ident Debs, Vice President Howard, fceretary Keliher and Director Rogers, jofihe American Railway union, by hir attorneys, W. W. Erwin, S. S. Crreffory and John F. Geeting, filed answer to the contempt rule is- by the court against them last ik. The case was heard by Judges up and Wood. Mr. Gregory of fered a motion to quash the writ be- ense of insufficient supplemental in rmation. The motion was laid over. Attorney Gregory's suggestion that jibe hearing be postponed until after jtlua trial unaer ine indictments pend Bnjj against them was not entertained jlry the court. The court then heard arguments on Mr. Gregory's motion to jAiamias the bill and discharge the de fendants. Mr. Milchrist read the in formation filed by the government re jetting the telegrams sent by Debs to Uaer officials of the American Rail Tray anion after the writ of injunction was issued. Attorney Erwln then read the answer of the AefeodanU. The answer denied that the de fendants ordered the employes of any road to taTMhelr work. By the laws of the union a dike can be ordered only by a vote of its Members. The defendants denied that the or ' puliation of unions was carried on other than .kjr tenorally advising employes to become pnembers of unions and receiving to member akin persons so applying therefor. They ex pressly denied that the organization of such tonSoos conferred upon its officers or directors authority to order strikes as alleged in the in tonnatlon. Sent But One Telegram. The defendants deny that after the service C the injunction they or either of them carried on the work of organization other tkaa by generally advising railroad em xrfojr to become members of such union mm! receiving to membership persons so applying therefor as aforesaid. They deny that orders to strike were at any time or in aaj manner communicated by said American Railway union to said local unions, as alleged said information. The defendants deny that any one of the tel cramsaet forth in said information was sent r caused to be sent by them or -any of them. or lb at they authorized or approved the same r anyone thereof, except a certain telegram ated July 6. 1M, as follows: "Vfe have assurance that within forty-eight hours every labor organization in this country rill come to our rescue. The fight is on. and cw men are acquitting themselves like heroes. Here and there one weakens, but our cause Is fttraagthened by a dozen going out In his place. Bray true man must quit now and re ndu out until the fight is won. There can be no half-way ground. Men must It (or us or against us. This, telegram, defendants admit, was caused to be sent by defendant Debs, as al lseed, but save as hereinbefore admitted de fendants allege that they had no knowledge or aotlee whatever of the sending of said tele fmna or of the contents thereof until the HI tag or the information. A 1 wars Counseled Peace. j The defendants admit that upon some of (-aid I Hans of railway there was exercised upon the I part of some persons, to the defendants un- ! tanon. violence against persons and property, j !)pca Information and belief they deny that any dcinber of said American Railway union fas any manner participated In said acts of vio lence or any of them. 1ey allege that they did all said times ocnsel and advise all members of the said American f lutlway union, with whom they were Ueorcmuiilcatlon. to at all times abstain from violence, threats and Intimidation. and to all Units respect the law and the oSlcers thereof. The ansner makes other sweeping and more fticilc denial of the charges and concludes by Oeclairing that all of their action after the senict upon them of said Injunction were taken under advice of competent counsel, and the defendants, each for himself, denies that In intended In any way to violate the injunc tion of this court or to act in defiance or con tempt of its -authority in any respect. Attorney Walker then arose and vade a short, crisp speech for the prosecution. He first reviewed the facts set forth in the information and then took up one by one the charges of the bill. He said: "We claim that the transmission of those letters and telegrams was a willful violation of tbe injunction. Does this answer, although It be verified, purgo the contempt and can the Attendants go out of court free men? We oncfcl to have the right to bring witnesses to ckuilense the truthfulness of the allegations 4 aarh answer, although we do not charge tact the answer is not true. 0ir position is this: The strike and boy cott emanated from the officers of the Amer ica 1U.11 way union, and these defendants were to Mame for it. They are responsible for etry act of violence, every murder, every as- Malt which followed the Issuance of their vrders. They say they did not issue the or em we ilesire to probe their source. One Iking we know they admit the violence and koutot It." Debs' Appeal. Chicago, July 24. President Debs nd his associates prepared an appeal to the American people asking them to boycott the Pullman cars by refusing to ride in them. The document says that the obstinacy of the Pullman eonupan3" in refusing to submit to ar bitration in any form (even to decide the question if there was anything to Arbitrate) is deserving of the severest condemnation. It goes on to say that the Pullman company has robbed its employes and that an investigation 'would have disclosed a state of affairs which would have horrified the nation. This, the union claims, is why arbitra tion was refused. The document continues: "It is notoriously true that the Pullman company pays Its conductors and porters such ynltry uajres that they are obliged to depend ooti the public to support them. Yes. this ibk tnA powerful corporation virtually com-jp-ht tbe jmblic to pay the wages of its sleeping car employes, and this notwithstanding ex butlonute rates are charged for sleeping car ccotj mod at Ions. Then, after stating that they pro Hise to continue the strike regardless of consequences until justice be done, St says: "The struggle is for humanity ml against the most cruel tyranny, and, unless we are dead to every im IuIm of mercy and fellow-feeling, ' mart be crowned with success." -V- propose that the Pullman company tubii te brought to justice and this in a way tliat v 111 not necessitate a strike with Its at tcacfcint ills. It may be suggested that this ahooiii have been thought of before the great irtte w.-is inaugurated. In that case little. If mt. Attention would have been paid to the ap fieal we are cbout to make. -As one of the results of the strike the coun try is iiro;isod and any proper appeal will com-musa-; tt.'ntio:-.. The I'ullman company, still tteltcnc. tnd as cruel to Its former employes as lib inriiUcrcnt to tho public weal, is deter mined is starve Its employes into subcussua. Mr. Peterson! fug the action. rnnlists of the I - " . jry jrree-Jej Johnson's Magnetic Qil kills all As retnorsolos as a ruaa-Mtlng tiger. !t walU complacently until their last p-uny Is gone and the are thus forced to crawl back Into their i m" 'plreHHOlr' 'niploy. The spectacle U well calculated to make una and angel shudder. '"hn,lhol,u"n"in company have the sop T. tof."1P"hllo n carrying out this hellish j..rjrr oaau me publlo be a party to the sUr T""on anJ degradation of the more than 4.CW) employes-men and women whose only crime is that they ask living wages? We believe-Indeed, we know- what the answer will bo. We have faith In the Ameri can people. They uphold justice; they love fair i jr. niiu uow. in tne name of justice and fair Play, w appeal to the great American public, to every good man and every good woman, not to ride in a Pullman car until the Pullman company does Justice to its employes. Let the cars run absolutely empty. No friend of labor, no friend of humanity, will occupy a aeat or berth In a Pullman car. Let this policy be Inaugurated and we will then see how long the railroad companies will be bound by their contracts, as they have Induced the publlo to believe, to haul Pullman cara. Out of Jail. Chicago, July 27. When court met for the morning session Judge Woods rendered a decision holding that, under the information filed in the contempt preceedings against Debs, Howard, Keliher and Rogers, of the American Railway union, the defendants must answer to the court for the crime of interfering with inter state commerce and with the United States mails and formally overruling the motion of the defense to quash the informations against them for con tempt. Judge Grosscup then announced that he had taken no part in the decisions on the motions to quash, and he an nounced further that he would take no further part in the contempt pro ceedings for the reason that the de fendants are under indictment in the United States district court over which he presides, and the same questions of law will be raised under the indict ments. Further action in the case was dis continued until September 5. Debs and the other defendants, after con sulting with their Attorneys, decided to abandon their policy of remaining in jail under the charge of contempt, and give bail. Debs and Howard were already un der SI 0,000 bail each, under the first in dictment for conspiracy. Since then five other indictments have been re turned against them and Keliher and Rogers. In these cases the bail was reduced to 81,000 from 53,000 in each case, and it was also cut down from 83,000 to S1.000 in each of the two con tempt cases. So that the new bail entered in all the cases was $7,000 for each man. It is thought Debs and his associates will endeavor to ,plead a conspiracy among railroad managers against or ganized labor. Troops Ordered Home. Chicago, July 27. Twelve hundred militiamen, comprising the Third brigade, Illinois national guard, have been ordered to leave the city. To Investigate the Strike. Washington, July 27. The presi dent lias appointed John D. Kernan, of New York, and Nicholas E. Worth ington, of Peoria, 111., to act with La bor Commissioner Carroll D. Wright on the presidential commission to in vestigate the Chicago strike. Mr. Kernan is a well known lawyer in Ltica, . ., and a son of ex-United States Senator Kernan. He has been a particular and thorough student of labor questions, and has written sev eral important contributions to litera ture on this subject. He was chosen because of his undoubted thorough understanding of the subject and his well Known sympathy with the labor ing classes. Nicholas E. Worthington is now a judge of the Illinois circuit court. He represented the Peoria dis trict in congress about eight yearsago. To Meet Next Meek. Chicago, July 28. o Whether the American Railway union should de clare its strike at an end or whether it should be continued along an altered plan of operations are ques tions which will be considered at a delegate convention of the order to assemble at Uhlich's hall Thursday. August 2. The call for the convention was formulated at the meeting at the Revere house Thursday morning of the American Railway union directory its first session since the arrest of the officers of the organization. President Debs said the delegates would not come from all the 500 subor dinate unions, but only from unions at points which have been directly af fected by the strike. In the meantime the strike will be in force, but it is said that nothing will be done looking to its spread, and it is probable that those who are left in charge of matters at this end will issue no orders to those who are out until the delegates have decided on some plan of action. President Debs left for Tene Haute Thursdaj- after noon. TOOK THE KING PRISONER. War Again Said to Have Ilcgnn Between China and Japan In Corea. New York, July 28. The Herald's London dispatch says: The Central News has this dispatch fioni Shanghai: 'War has been declared between Japan and China. The Japanese have seized the king of Corea and hold him prisoner. Eleven Chi nese steamers are on their way to Corea. Most of the troops are coolies armed with bows and arrows. Some Chinese steamers which have arrived at Corea have been prevented by the Japanese from landing troops. It is reported that the Japanese artillery sank several of them. Washington, July 23. M. Tateno, the Japanese ministei to the United States, has been recalled. The recall, it is stated, is due not to anything connected with the present Japanese-Chinese-Corean difficulty, but owing to matters growing out of recent treaty negotiations. Charles Wilson Hanged. St. Lons, Julj- 2S. Charles Wilson, (colored) was executed in the jail yard here on Thursday for the murder of Moses Hodges November 8, 1892, in a quarrel over a woman ol whom both were enamored. Wilson, after the murder, escaped to Chicago, wiiere he was captured and turned over to the St. Louis authorities. than strange that tbe federal. courts of this great country can be so easily bought , n...n all THE TARIFF IN THE SENATE. The Conference Report on the Bill Do bated. On the S3d Senator Gorman (dem., Md.) drew a graphic picture of the anxiety with which the country awaited the fate of the bill, the Idle factories, the closed workshops and the unemployed, saying that no one more than he appreciated the gravity of the situation. Fur ther auspense was neither to the best inter ests of the country nor of the party. He eulo gized Senators Vest, Jones, Voorhees and Har ris, who had accomplished the feat of adjust ing the differences between senate and house, and had made possible the passage of any bilL The Infamous calumnies heaped upon the heads of the senate forced from him, he said, a plain, unvarnished statement of the facts, making it with malice to none. "It was the most uncalled for, the most ex traordinary, most unwise communication," aid he. in bitter tones, "that ever came from a president of the United States, it places this body in a position where its members must aee to it that the dignity and honor of this chamber must be preserved. It places me in a position where I must tell the story as it oc curred The limit of endurance has been reached." Senator Gorman charged directly that every one of the senate amendments had been seen by Secretary Carlisle and scanned by htm be fore they were agreed upon. He drew from his desk and had read an interview wlrh Secretary Carlisle on April 30 In which the secretary of the treasury gave the same bill his sweeping In dorsement. The secretary of the treasury neces sarily spoke in a great measure for the presi dent in matters relating to his department. On the morning following the publication of that interview the papers announced that the presi dent was In entire accord with his great secre tary of the treasury. As a compromise Senator Gorman asserted that the bill as completed was satisfactory to not a single, solitary human being In all its de tails, but as a whole the structure presented was acceptable as the best bill that could be passed. There was no suggestion anywhere, either from the president or the secretary of the treasury, that the bill as modified was a viola tion of the democratic principle. With dramatic emphasis Senator Gorman called upon Senators Vest, Jones and Harris to bear testimony as to whether his state ments had varied a hair's breadth from the truth. "Let the people have the truth," said he, as he paused. Senator Vest said that he had not himself aeen the president since the repeal of tho Sher man law last summer, but with the secretary of the treasury he had frequent conversations. Mr. Carlisle had repeated and distinctly stated to him that the greatest possible calamity that could happen would be the failure of any bill. He had distinctly stated to him that no difference In rates should be allowed to stand in the way of the consummation of some scheme of tariff reform. His colleague. Senator Jones, had aeen both Mr. Carlisle and Mr. Cleveland and they had both declared that the bill was ac ceptable to them. Senator Jones said: "I told the secretary of the treasury, after he had approved the bill, to lay It before the president. He promised to do so. The next day I called on the president and asked him if Secretary Carlisle had done so. The president said yes. I then said I wanted to know the attitude of the administration toward the MIL He must, I told him. indorse it or I would not go farther with it. The president said he ap proved of what we had done, and would do all In his power to effect a compromise." Senator Vilas jumped up with a question. "During that interview," he said to Senator Jones, -was anything said by you about put ting a duty on coal and iron?" "Yes," Senator Jones exclaimed: "I told him distinctly that this duty had been put on." 'Hut, " persisted Senator Vilas, "was there a single interview between you and the presi dent in which the president did not impress the hooe for free coal and iron?" "There was not," Senator Jones replied, ' but he did not even suggest that putting on the duty was an abandonment of democratic prin ciples." Senator Gorman then railed on Senator Har ris to affirm or contradict his interview In the morning papers, in which he was quoted as telling the story of the tariff legislation in the senate substantially as he (Gorman). Senators Vest and Jones had told It. Senator Harris said, in his usually Impressive manner, that the Interview was correct. 'Did the president ever say to you." Senator Gorman asked him. "that a duty on coal and Iron ore was a violation of democratic prin ciple?" "No such sentiment was ever expressed to me." Senator Harris cried, melodramatically, "by the preside nt. by any member of his cabi net or by any human being." Senator Gorman spoke of the deep regret that he was compelled to ask the public testi mony of these senators. But the time had come to speak. The limit of endurance had been reached. The senate had been traduced. An attempt had been mude to "try und gibbet It before the country." These charges had been foully made from distinguished sources." They mst be met und refuted. Senator Gorman said he had nothing but the kindest feeling for the president. He had la bored hard to secure his election on the occa sion of his first candidacy. He had stood by him throughout his second and third cam paigns for the presidency. He did It with an admiration for the man, with a bolief that he would serve his country well, but he did it also in order that there might be democratic con trol in this government. The senator contin ued: "I have Kiven the president a fair sup port and an honest support; never subservient, never swayed by the want of patronage, ready to stand with him on wnatever was right. He has no cause of complaint against me. I urn not his debtor. Let him answer for himself." Never before since the declaration of Inde pendence, Senator Gorman went on. had a president of the United States been guilty of such a violation of the spirit of the constitu tion as had Mr. Cleveland in writing his letter to Chairman Wilson. ' The liberty of the sen ate should not be invaded." he said in thun derous tones, "though 1,000 hirelings write us down and traduce us." The president, he continued, had said It would be dishonorable to tax coal and iron. The house, parrot-like, repeated the cry. "Men who set up high standards," said the senator, "should come to us with clean hands." Senator Gorman then defended the senate bill at length and In considerable detail, lie told how President Cleveland In his letter of acceptance of his nomination had declared for freer, not free, raw materials. "And but for that declaration he could not." Senator Gor man exclaimed, "In my opinion, have been elected." He hoped the senate conferroes would say , the house conferrees that the laws must be obeyed, and that the law was that when one house of congress proposed to change an ex isting law and a difference of opinion existed as to how much change should be made, the house proposing the most radical change should adopt the less radical propositions of the other. Senator White followed Mr. Gorman. He said that the question of merits on tho tariff was infinitely superior to the question of taste as to the president's letter read In the house. He reviewed the ditllculties In framing the tariff bill. Free coal and free iron would be a great boon to California. The state pays al most the entire coal tax. and yet this bill was cheerfully accepted because It was the best that could be had. There was nothing for the senate to do but to vote for the resolution of the senator from Delaware (Mr. Gray) to In sist upon the senate bill. If the Vilas resolu tion were adopted it would open the door to a flood of amendments and would precipitate another long and acrimonious contest over the tariff. If tho bill was amended to Include free Iron and free coal tho senator from New York (Mr. Hill) knew that the bill would be imperiled and he would probably shed no tears at Its peril. On the 24th Senator Hill (dem., N. Y.) said that he agreed with Senator Gorman that the democratic party was In the midst of a great crisis. The party after a long struggle had been intrusted with power. It had gone to work to redeem its pledges, the greatest of which was that looking to tariff reform. The house had passed a bill which, aside from the income tax feature, had met with general approval. A It passed tlo senate, however. It wae not satis factory and It violate the pledges of the party. Senator Hill said that the sentiments ex pressed in tLe president's letu.-r were his senti ments. The yresident, t0 declared, violated fifteen dinerencmian-.. k 1 tj r; tf V iCSfHooa.. no clause of the constitution when he sent that letter. He had the right to do It. No demo- crat on the floor could controvert the position taken by Mr. Cleveland. Placing a duty on 4-A 1 ,1 vlnl.tA t Vl Q Tl 1 rt f fTm aA. laratlons of the party. The democrats of the country were in sympathy with Mr. Cleveland. The Wilson bill had been generally Indorsed all over the country in respect to free raw ma terials. The senate bill had been received everywhere with signs of disapproval. Senator Hill read from President Cleveland's message of 1887 to prove that Senator Gorman had erred la saying that Mr. Cleveland had in that message said nothing in favor of free raw materials. Neither could Mr. Cleveland be held responsible for the unofficial utterances of Secretary Carlisle, but. referring to the offi cial utterances of the secretary of the treas ury, he pointed out that until the present ques tion arose both Mr. Cleveland and Mr. Carlisle were consistent and in harmony. Continuing. Senator Hill advanced a step toward Senator Gorman, and referring to the latter's speech on Monday said, with empha sis: "The senator reveatel prlvute conversa tions which had taken place between him and the president. What for? It was to place the president in a false position before the coun try. I have my grievance with the president. I owe him nothing. But I believe it my duty to now defend him and I shall do so." Commenting on Senator Gorman's admission of having assured the sugar men before Presi dent Cleveland's election that sugar would have a duty, he demanded by what right Sen ator Gorman had given that assurance, i.nd be denied that the democratic party was bound to carry out such a promise, "even though the senator from Maryland never breaks his word." In repeating Senator Gorman's declaration that an altered bill could not pass the senate, he recalled tho fact that during the Sherman repeal fight Senator Gorman had declared that unconditional repeal wus impossible. "But It did pass." he cried. His defense of Mr. Cleveland was followed by a condemnation of the income tax In which Senator Hill again deHned hit future policy with regard to It. He said he wanted to de feat "the popullstlc Income tax," and added: "I shall resort to every honorable method by which It ran be done." The senator ended cleverly and humorously by turning the tables on Senator Gorman for referring to him as Iago. "I might liken this attack on our president." he said, "to tbe great conspiracy of Kome. I would (pointing to Gor man) call the distinguished senator from Maryland the lean and hungry Casslus." Then, leaning toward Senator Gorman, he ut tered in a stage whisper: "He thinks too much." He likened Senator Jones to honest Brutus and Senator Vest to Casca and Senator Harris to Martellus Cimber, and finished with: "It Is the same plea as when they killed Caesar, not that thev loved him less, but that they loved Kcme more. And with these gentle men It is not that they love Cleveland less, but that they love their party and this bill better. With Mare Antony 1 say: 'Yet with all the pri vate grievances they have, they are all wise and honorable men ' " Senator Caffery rose when Senator Hill sat down and offered an amendment. Instructing the senate conferrees to insist on the Inser tion in the bill of a bounty of nine-tenths of a cent on sugar testing over ninety decrees and of eight-tenths of a cent between eighty and ninety degrees. This was an amendment pre pared by Senator Jones (Ark.) for insertion In the bill, but It was never offered. In speaking to this amendment Senator Caffery warmly defended the president for the views ex pressed in his letter to Chairman Wilson. Senator Teller interrupted Senator Caffery to ask how he would act towards the bill If sugar were made free. . "I have always said and say now," said the Louisiana senator, "that if free sugar is put in the bill I will not vote against it. I hope that is emphatic." On the 2Sth Mr. Caffery resumed his speech, speaking principally as to the justice of the duty on sugar Mr Laniel (dem.. Va.) also made a speech. Mr. Quay (rep. Pa.) gave notice of tfcrefe imendments he should offer to the pending motion before the senate first to amend Mr. Vilas' motion, that the senate recede from the one-eighth differential in the sugar scheduleso as to recede from the whole of the sugar sched ule: the second to add to Mr. Gray's motion that the senate insist on all of its amendments, that it recede from the sugar schedule: and the third to add to Mr. Gray's motion auother motion, viz.: That it recede from Uie differen tial in favor of the refiners. On the 2'th Senator Quay withdrew the amendments he had offered the day before. Senator Vilas then reviewed the action of Sen ator Gorman in attacking the president upon Monday characterizing that attack as a person al assault upon the president and his character. The Hrst charge was. he said, that of duplicity, bused upon Mr. Cleveland's letter expressing the hope that iron and coal should go on the the free list in the tariff bill. The second was that the executive had encroached upon tbe prerogatives of conpress. and third that the president had traduced the senate. He thanked Senator Hill for his defense of the president. Never did that senator appear to better ad vantage nor more ably argue than when he pre sented his views to the senate on the matter of free coal and iron on Tuesday. Senator Vilas, reviewing the various tariff messages of the president, which he said em braced no novelty with reference to coal or iron not familiar to his party friends, asked if the president could lay aside his views on tariff reform. There had been no direct testimony presented, he said, by Senator Gorman or his witnesses that the president had acted with duplicity. The senator from Arkansas (Jones). one of Senator Gorman's witnesses. hud said that he laid the 400 amendments to the tariff bill be fore the president, and now the president was accused of having agreed to all of them. How could the president agree to all of those de tailed amendments? How many senators could give a detailed account of these amendments and their effect on the business of the country? The president had merely considered these things generally, devoting his attention and his remarks to tho great principle Involved In free coal and free iron. He (Vilas) had asked the senator from Arkansas If the president had not expressed to him the hope that free coal and free Iron would be tho out como of this great question, and the senator from Arkansas answered truly that on every occasion such was the fact. Who could say that there had been a lack of openness on the president's purt that this Mil before Its per fection would carry free coal and free Iron ore. On this single statement of the senator from Arkansas he would bo content to let rest this charge of duplicity on the part of that great officer of the government. The president has not endeavored to In fringe on the prerogatives of the senate and not with qualms of dupllcitv. but with tbe same open manner that has always character ized him he said to the chairman of the ways and means committee thut he hoped that the result might be accomplished in conference with reference to free coal and iron, as he had a perfect right to do. Who would gainsay that the president had not as much right to give his views on this question as freely after his conversation with the senator from Arkan sas as he had before. Senator Vilas then quoted and ranged along side of Mr. Cleveland's utterance the stato ment of Senator Gorman thut the senate bill could uot pass if it did not have the hearty support of Mr. Cleveland. "At the very time when the president was writing his letter to Mr. Wilson." Senator Vilas went on dramat ically, "the senator from Maryland and his co adjutors were appeuling to Mr. Cleveland to induce him to support them in an effort to qualify the enactment of democratic principles instead of crystallzing them into law. How utterly wanton Is this cry of Interference now; because he has seen lit to throw the weight of his Influence with the hous in favor of demo cratic principles, because he refused to stand with them, they make his action a ground of complaint here and in horror cry out against 'executive Interference." " Senator Vilas referred to the fact that Pres ident Washington came to the same chamber accompanied by his secretary to urge in per son the ratification of a treaty he had negoti ated. President Jackson's course in making his views felt by congress was also referred to. Senator Vilas said he was content to leave to fair-minded men whether the president had wantonly encroached upon the rights of con gress. the Cumi-yrTT-XB "V-1?- ST-owiBl M EST, 1 i?"Tr stout w bxpbmb f; More toWSS!, ?iJi&:P!-afl35 1 in The charge was made that the senate had been traduced. Extracts from the letter to Mr. Wilson were read to shr.w that the presi dent's purpose was not to traduce the senate, but plainly to state his aspirations toward tariff reform. The Dresident had stated mas the abandonment of the great party principle would be perfidy and dishonor. No one who would question such an abandonment of prin ciple would be dishonorable. The shaft was not aimed at any senator. It waa not a personal accusation. Senator Vilas said the view of the senator from Maryland (Gorman) could mean only one thing. It was an effort to array democrats to gether in a spirit of resentment and thus carry out the compromise of tariff reform. The Wil son bill had passed amid public acclamation The people accepted It as the honest execution of a party and public pledge. When this revenue-reform measure reached the senate iron and coal were placed on tbe dutable list. More over it was debated week in and week out. The public was wearied at that debate and yet the senate could reached no result. It was at thla juncture that the senator from Arkansas (Jones) had brought forward over amendments. These were to' be the solution of the problem and were to bring tbe debate to a close. Still tho discussion proceeded fifty-seven days. Senator Vilas said he had recognized the ne cessity of yielding to these amendments. It was essential to have a revision of the ex isting tariff quickly. It was essential, too, to reinforce a depleted treasury. In conclusion Senator Vilas eulogized the personal character and public Integrity of Mr. Cleveland in the most glowing terms, declaring with dramatic fervor that the president of the United States, who had received so many evi dences of the honor and-respect of the Ameri can people, could not suffer from th's unjustifi able attack ol the Maryland senator. After some general remarks by Senator Stewart against the interference of the execu tive with the legislative branch of tbe govern ment. Senator Hill's motion that the senate recede from Us amendments placing a duty of forty cents a ton on coal and iron ore was de feated, the vote standing 0 to 65. AN INTERRUPTED WEDDING. The Bridegroom Cried "Xtop! HtopI" and the Bride fainted. Here is an old story of an interrupt ed wedding'. The bridegroom was a working sawyer, the bride a young lady of corresponding1 rank and social station. They were married by license and it was in the evening, which may be noted by the curious. The officiat ing clergyman duly legan the ser vice. When he came to the words: "To have and to hold." the bridegroom suddenly cried out, as one in the ex tremity of terror: Stop! Stop! I meant it only to be for a fortnight!" The clerg3'man stared at him. "I meant it only fer a fortnight," repeated this deplorable person. The clergj-man closed his book, shook his head in sorrow rather than in anger, and departed for the vestry. The bride screeched and fell fainting into the bridesmaids' arras. It is pleasant to think that she did the proper thin? at the right moment; in after life the recollection must hare consoled her. There were murmurs of gathering tempest among the male members of her family; the bridegroom swiftly marched down the aisle, and so into the black night. And there he is still; nor did the bride ever recover Mm; and according to the latest dispatches, now eighty-eight years old, she was still screeching and fainting. N. Y. Journal. A BULL AS A PROJECTILE. Thrown by an Kngiue, He Knocked m Tramp Into a Mud Hole. A singular case was tried at the last term of Wake county, (N. C. ) superior court- A little country bull standing on a railroad track instead of vacating on the approach of a train answered the whistle with a bellow of defiance, throwing dirt over his shoulder. A tramp who happened to be on the track a few feet beyond stepped a lit le off the track and watched to see the fun. The engine tmck the little bull fair and doubled him up like a ball. It threw him about twenty-five feet like a catapult and. making a line shot. knocked the tramp into a pond of mud and water. When the engineer backed his train to take an inventory of damage done. the trarnn was crawling out upon a log. Aetion was brought against the rail road for personal injuries and indig' nities. To the surprise and disgust of the olaintifF the iurv found a verdict vr the defendant. To a sympathizing bystander, the plaintiff placid- remarked that he had been "knocked into a mudhole by the bull, and kicked out of the court house by twelve jackasses." 2i. Y, Journal. I .overs No More. They were lovers, Mag and Jim, but last Sunday Mag forgot her promise and went down to Grand Island with somebody else. Jim, who lives around the towpath, somewhere in IHack Rock, was too late to catch the boat. So he took his own little skiff and rowed all the waj- down the river to the landing place. It was not till the last boat was going home that Jim saw his Mag. She was going on board alone. This was Jim's chance. When she had got a seat he took up a position beside her and delivered himself of the following in a Booth and Itarrett style which de lighted the other passengers: "You've done a nice thing by going around with those cheap people, after telling me you was not going down at all, and then I sneaks down and finds you with some other gny. You'll feel sorry, he got very tragic here, "when the For esters' picnic comes round and I won't be there to take you. Many's the time you'll stand and the towpath and look for me and I won't be there. I,er; take this pin back. Now we are two." And he pulled a brassy pin out of a mussy tie and gave it to the fickle one. Buffalo Express. Settled Amicably. He leaned gracefully against the mantel. "Yes." he repeated, "I love your daughter." The old man m the easy chair regarded him keenly. "Can you support a family?' he asked, after a pause. The youth knit his brow. "That depends. How He looked at the father of his beloved straight in the eye "how many of you are there?" Presently they came to the terms of an amicable under standing. Detroit News-Tribune. rxR. f-uv v JR?" FELIX Tmc' CtNTAtxa CoHrLnr, 77 Mphrat Snuarr. Yoac Cut i mm npuuv ANOTHER TARIFF BILL. Mr. Harter ((.) Introduces a Compromise Measure Ita Provisions. Washington, July 25. Representa tive Harter (O.) introduced in the house a bill which he proposes as a compromise tarill measure. It pro vides that: "On and after September I. 1KM. all tariff taxes or duties not herein otherwise provided for. shall be reduced one-half; provided, such reduction does not bring them below 0 per cent, ad valorem. It being the intention of this act to allow a tariff tax or duty of not less than 20 per cent, ad valorem to remain upon all articles now paying a higher rate. This shall not be construed as In any way changing existing taxes or duties upon ar ticles paying a lower rate of duty at this tims than 20 per cent, ad valorem, nor does rtils sec tion In any way interfere with the provisions f sections 3 and 4 of this act. "The secretary of the treasury is hereby ex pressly authorized and directed in all caes where this act reduces the taxes on ar ticles which now pay a specific or a specific and ad valorem duty below 0 per cent, ad valorem to charge and collect upon all such articles on and after September I. 18W. an ad valorem duty of 20 per cent. To the taxes or duties provided for In this act there shall be added upon all articles which if produced or made In the United States would be subject to an Internal tax or duty, the amount of such Internal tax or duty. "All tariff taxes and duties In excess of 1? per cent, ad valorem shall be reduced to and collected at the uniform rate of 12 per cent, ad valorem, to which shall be added internal taxes or duties as provided for in section J. "A uniform duty or tax of 1 cent per pound shall be levied and paid upon all sugars, all tank bottoms, all sugar draining and sugar sweepings, sirups of cane juice, melada, con centrated melada and concrete and concentr.it- i od molasses, and molasses Imported into the United States from any part of th world having 100 degrees of saccharine strength and a reduction of 1-10D of a cent per pound fchall be made for each degree of sacchariue strength below 100 degrees. "A uniform duty of 4 cents a pound upon -ill ;ofiee and of Scents a pound upon all tea in ported into the United States shall tc levied and paid. ' "The Internal duty or tax upon beer ad all other malt liquors shall be 82 a barrel of thirty one gallons, and an Internal duty or tax at the same rate a gallon as is collected upon beer and malt liquors shall be levied and collected under rules to be prescribed by the secretary of the treasury upon all wines produced or made in the United States." TWO FATAL COLLISIONS. A Disaster on the Itlg Four Six Killed In Texan. Cincinnati. July 25. There was a head-end collision on the Cleveland. Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis (Big Four) railway at Griffith's station, 15 miles from this oit3 at 7 o'clock a. m. Three people were killed and ten in jured. The express from Chicago, due here at 7:33 was on time, but the St. Louis express, which runs fifteen minutes ahead of the Chicago incoming train, was an hour late. At Griffiths a light engine was running down to the gravel bank in charge of Engineer Hart. He forgot his orders. Knowing the St. Louis express was late, he pulled out and was met by the Chicago ex press. Hart will die, probably, with out telling how he made the mistake in orders. His fireman. Frank Taylor, of Indianapolis, was killed outright, also Charles Sherman and another tramp who was stealing a ride. There are ten roported injured, none fatally except Engineer Hart. Atlanta, Tex., July 25. A collision occurred Monday evening on the Texas & Pacific road, 'J miles north of here, near Forest Station. Six persons were killed and several wounded. They were Engineer Gremm, Fireman Marshall, two express messengers, the baggagemaster and a passenger.whose. names are unknown. Two of the bodies are still in the wreck and a third was torn up and the remains scattered in the debris. One engine is completely wrecked and the other badly disabled. The baggage, express, mail and smoker of botli trains were shattered into a mass of splinters. FLAMES IN WASHINGTON. Tbe Disastrous and Fatal Work of tho Wednesday Fire. Washington. July 27. Three fire men were killed, a score or more were injured and 200 draft horses were burned in the fire that destroyed Knox's stables and a dozen or more adjacent buildings at 3 a. m. Wednesday. It was the most terrific fire in Wash ington since the big blaze in the patent office many years ago and it bested the full efforts of the fire de partment. The bodies of the dead firemen have been recovered and the wounded are all being cared or at the hospitals or in their homes. Nearly all of the company's express wagons and the contents of the large storage building were burned. The Adams Express company's stable, ad joining the Knox building to the north, was almost entirely consumed. About 150 harses were in the Adams Express company's stables, but all were taken out by the hardest kind of work on the part of citizens and po licemen. Eight two-story houses on the alley north of the Knox building and two small frame houses back of the Adams stables were destroyed. Six or eight other residence houses were more or less damaged. Mitchell's blacksmith shop on Second street was crushed by falling walls. The total loss will ex ceed S250.000. SEVENTEEN SEAMEN LOST. British llrtrk Wrecked and All " Konrd io to the Itottom. San FKAXcisfo. July 27. Word has heen received here of the wreck of .... i;-;t;i, l.ark- William La Lacheur off Cape St. James, on Trevost island rtiW miles from Singapore. The ves sel left Singapore for Hong Kong Mav 4. to load at me i- - - for San Francisco. She never readied i... niwl her bones are now bleaching on the rocks off tape St. i ,-i,n the bodies of her crew iiaiuci, . . are strewn along the shore or are Ivjng .... ittAm of the ocean. Out of the 14L Vll fc -' - crew of seventeen not a man was Ielt to tell the tale. When sue went asnoro is not known. Jump from the Third Story. iv.,vn W. Va.. -TiJv 26. William II. Peoples, a Pittsburgh man. commit ted suicide by jumping from the third storv of the St. diaries hotel. He wa skilled cement woruman j waterworks here. No reason can t assigned for the act.