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About Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901 | View Entire Issue (July 19, 1894)
STRIKE AND STRIKERS.
Itony Stirring Events In and About
L True Kill Found Agninst the A. R. U.
t'reiddeut Kelgn of Terror 1 nuujruratcd
hy Spring; Valley Miner--The War
DEBS IB AKRE3TED.
Chicago, July 11. Eugeuo V. Debs,
president, George V. Howard, vice
president, Sylvester Keliher, secre
tary, and L. W. Rogers, director of the
American Railway union, and four
teen of their followers are in the
toils of the United States court.
Tuesday the special grand jury im
paneled before Judge Grosscup re
turned an indictment against them
for conspiracy to impede the United
states mails. Debs, Howard, Keliher
and Rogers were admitted to bail, to
Appear for trial in October, in the
um of $10,000 each, which was
furnished, William Fitzgerald and
William Skakel becoming bonds
men in each case The other
fourteen have already been arrested
and most of them are under bonds
given to United States Commissioner
Hoyne. The books and papers of the
American Railway union were seized
by an order of the court, issued at the
Miue time that its bench warrants for
the arrest of these men were placed in
the hands of the United States mar
shal. A number of private letters ad
dressed to Mr. Debs, and as yet un
opened, were also taken.
The Indicted Men.
Dobs took his arrest coolly and
claimed he was innocent of wrong do
ing, but characterized the seizure of
the papers of the union as an outrage.
The men indicted were:
r.uecne V. Pebs.George W. Howard. Sylvester
Ke.ii her L. W. Rogers. James Murwin. Lloyd
Hotchkins. A. Plazypak. IL Klfin. J. Hnnnan
William Smith. John Mesterbrook. Kdward
0 Ncill. Charles Nailer. John Duffy. E. Shelley.
Fred Keti'hum. John VV. Doyle, William Mc
Alullen. The Jury Charged.
Judge Grosscup selected W. A. San
born as foreman, and proceeded at
once to read his charge, which was
very lengthy. It was expected that he
would speciall3' call the attention of
the. jurors to President Debs,of the A.
li. I., but this he failed to do. The In
diana leader's name was not mentioned.
The charge was sweeping enough to
cover offenses of all kinds from
the tampering with a switch to the
hooting of a mob as directed against
the militia. Under it almost anybody
could be indicted who had in any way
assisted in bringing about the present
crisis. Judge Grosscup had a word of
praise for labor unions. He said they
were necessary and that their purpose
WW good, but when they interfered
with the rights of others they ex
ceeded their prerogatives. Conspiracy
was clearly defined.
Continuing the court told the jury
they were empowered to send for per
sons and papers and books whenever
such should be needed and to apply to
the district attorney or his assistant at
auy time, or to the court, for instruc
tions as to the law.
The indictment is drawn under sec
tion 5.440 of the United States statutes.
'That section reads as follows:
If two or more persons conspire either to
commit any offense against the United States,
or to defraud the United States in any manner,
or for any purpose, or one or more of such
parties do any acts to effect the object of
the conspiracy, all the parties to such con
spiracy Khali be liable to a penalty of not less
than jl. 00 or not more than 810,000 and to im
pi isonment not more than two years."
An amendment to the section makes
trfic punishment a fine of not more
than 310.000 and imprisonment not
more than two years, cr both, in the
discretion of the court.
Seizure of Debs' Mail Condemned.
The federal officials from Judge Grosscup
down are uot a little annoyed over the blunder
-made by the ovcrzealous deputy marshals
and postofflce inspectors who illegally
(seized President Debs' papers Tuesday. The
neizure was wholly illegal, unjustitiable and
tiuw.irranted. -So gross was the crime that
.ludgc (Irosscup In open court virtually apolo
gized to Debs and ordered that his papers be
returned to him. The officials are conslder
jtbly worried over this illegal act. Should
I)tb.i desire to do so. he could prosecute them,
.but he will take no action, he says.
A Washington special says that Attorney
tieucral Olney Wednesday, after reading the
accounts of the seizure of President Debs' pri
vate paiiers. as published In the morning pa
jicrs. expressed bis regrets at this action of
ttie government officials and at once sent the
following telegram to Special United States
' Seizure of Debs' papers Is not according to
law and should be publicly disavowed and
paM!rs at once returned. If seizure Is not
strictly and technically lawful papers should
te returned. The government In enforcing the
law cannot afford to be Itself lawless nor, even
if they be within its strict right, should meas
ures bo resorted to which are unusual and
come dangerously near invasion of personal
rights. The government Is too strong and its
1 au.se too righteous to warrant or require any
thing of that nature"
SHOT 15V THE TKOOPS.
1 lie first Itcal ISattle Between Soldiers
Chicago, July 10. The first real bat
tle of the strikers occurred Saturday
nfternoon. A detail of thirty-eight
members of the Illinois national guard
was sent to clear the debris from the
tracks of the Grand Trunk road. At
Forty-ninth and Loomis streets the
.mob became abusive and demonstra
tive. A bayonet charge was ordered.
This was followed by two volleys. In
the last volley the soldiers shot to kill;
as a result three strikers are dead,
many more ere wounded, and five sol
diers suffered from contusions received
Vv stones thrown t3' the rioters.
Fatal Fight at Hammond, Ind.
Mob rule at Hammond was broken
Sunday only after a bloody battle.
'Thousands of rioters were on the
cene. The track from yard to yard
wild crossing to crossing was strewn
-with overturned freight cars, battered
and burcie coaches, twisted rails and
broken switches. Non-union trainmen
were assaulted and beaten. Telegraph
instruments were destroyed. Electric
light wires were cut. Police, deputies
and marshals were powerless. Rioters
numbered a hundred to their one.
Company D. Fifteenth regiment of the
Unitrd States infantry, arrived at 11
h. m. An armed peace was then sus
tained until 4 o'clock. Then the mob
ng-rew desperate again. The regulars
opened fire and one man was killed
and four wounded. The rioters wav
ered but soon rallied and would proba
bly have annihilated the little band had
not reinforcements arrived from Chi
cago. The appearance of fresh troops
caused the mob to retire to a safe spot.
Sixteen companies of Indiana militia,
numbering 800 men, were started from
points in northern Indiana for Ham
mond. The two governors of Indiana
and Illinois decided to use the militia
of the two states in conjunction for
putting down the insurrection at Ham
mond. A ItEItiN OF TERROR.
Established by Foreigners at Spring Val
Princeton. 111., July 10. The general
merchandise store of the White Breast
Fuel company at Ladd was thoroughly
looted Saturday night by a mob of 1,-00
alien miners from Spring Valley. The
mob was composed of Lithuanians,
Poles, Belgians and Italians, being of
the same class that has caused the dep
redations at Spring Valley, and most
of them the same men.
Deputies Save Seatonville.
Following the destruction of com
pany stores at Spring Valley and Ladd
the miners had in mind the looting of
the company store at Seatonville. For
this purpose a division left Spring Val
ley and Ladd in small groups, and
by 7 o'clock Sunday evening had
amassed a force of several hundred
on the bluffs near Sceatonville. In the
meantime Sheriff Cox returned to
Princeton and eighty men were se
lected and deputized They were
also furnished with rifles and am
munition that the governor had
furnished and started in wagons for
Seatonville. The miners learning the
strength of the deputies retreated to
Spring Valley. The deputies tiien
pressed on and reached Spring Valley
Seeking Places of Safety.
Over the east half of the county a
reign of terror has set in and woman
and children have been leaving the
towns in that section in large num
bers. Valuable property of ill kinds
is being secreted. At Seatonville Sun
day night, a village, of 1,200 people,
there were scarcely enough women in
the town to prepare supper for the
In Possession of Spring Valley.
String field, 111., July 10. Sneriff
Cook, of Bureau county, telegraphed
Gov. Altgeld giving a statement of the
situation at Spring Valley, and asking
that troops be sent to aid him in re
storing quiet- A similar dispatch was
received from Sheriff Taylor, of
La Salle county, who said he
needed troops to help him defend the
cities of Peru and La Salle, threatened
with invasion by the mob. The gov
ernor issued orders for companies A
and C of the Sixth infantry to proceed
at once to Spring Valley and cooperate
with the sheriffs of Bureau and La
Salle counties in suppressing violence
and restoring order.
A Conflict at Spring Valley.
Ladd, 111., July 12. The striking
miners came in contact with United
States regular troops at Spring Val
ley Tuesday evening. Two strikers
were killed and two rioters and three
deputy sheriffs wounded. As the train
bringing the soldiers pulled into town
it was greeted with a shower of stones
from the mob. The troops landed at
the station. The miners outnumbered
the spldiers ten to one and the former
began to fill the air with flying stones.
The captain ordered his company to
shoot. As soon as the volley was fired
the riotcs took to their heels and
soon disappeared in the timber.
TURKU ARK KILLED.
Two Women and a Man Slain by Shots
from the Militia.
Danville, 111.. July 11. Word was
received from Grape Creek. 5 miles
south of here, that several cars on
side tracks of a branch of the C. & E.
1. had been derailed. An engine and
crew were sent out to clear the line.
At 10 a. m. the Shelbyville train ar
riving at Westville station, 2 miles
from Grape Creek, was surrounded by
a crowd of miners out on a sympa
thetic strike. A company of militia
stationed at Danville junction pro
ceeded to the scene. About a mile
from Westville a large crowd of miners
began warlike demonstrations. Sev
eral pistol shots from the crowd were
returned by a volley from the soldiers
on the train.
Miss Clara James, the 17-year-old
daughter of Jonas James, was seated
at the organ in her house. A random
bullet struck her just .below the right
breast and she died almost instantly.
Mrs. Michael Glennan, a widow, was
crossing . her garden. Two bullets
struck her and she died in five minutes.
An unknown man received a mortal
body wound and died in a short time.
Resistance developing, the militia left
the train and charged the crowd, se
curing three prisoners. The crowd
dispersing and no further resistance
oeing offered, the troops returned to
their train, which had been coupled in
front of the passenger, and the trip to
Danville was made without further in
cident. FLATLY REFl'SED.
The Pullman Company Again Rejects
Overtures of Peace.
Chicago. July 11. The final answer of the
Pullman company has been given its employes.
No proposition for an adjustment of the dif
ferences existing between the company and the
strikers by arbitration will bo entertained.
Vice President Wickes was waited upon by a
joint committee of aldermen and workingmcn
at 4 o'clock Monday afternoon. To the over
tures mado tending toward arbitration he
firmly replied that the Pullman company would
not recede from the stand it had taken. The
refusal of the company to entertain any propo
sition for arbitration was in direct defiance of
the order of tho mass meeting of union dele
gates Sunday night, and a strike of the allied
trades will be instituted Wednesday morning
unless some adjustment of the difllcultied is
made. This, however, is improbable, as Mr.
Wickes left no room to doubt that the com
pany would stand on the ground which it has
Naval Militia Called Into Action.
The First battalion of the Illinois naval
militia was ordered out Monday by Adjt.
Gen. Orendoril. The battalion numbers 250
men and at least 30 w ill be pressed into serv
Ice. It will bo the duty of the battalion to
guard the waterworks. crib and public wharves
Negroes Filling Vacancies.
Monday morning the Kock Island com
pany distributed a car load of negroes in tho
towers along the road from Twenty-sixth
street south. A crowd of excited strikers
gathered around the tower houses at the dif
ferent street corners and threatened to
kill the negroes If they did not leave the
tower houses. At noon a mob was vainly
trying to burn the buildings when a company
of troops arrived and dispersed the crowds.
The recent action of the American Railway
union In voting- to exclude colored men from
their ranks has caused considerable hard feel
ing among the negroes and It Is said they will
till the positions vacated by the strikers when
Censured the Soldiers.
Hammond, Ind., July 11. A coroner's Inquest
was held on the body of Charles Flelschmnn,
who was killed Sunday in the volley which the
regulars poured Into the mob. and a verdict re
turned that deceased came to his death by a
bullet tired by certain United States soldiers,
said shooting being careless, unnecessary, un
warranted and criminal.
A Militia Company Striken.
Tacoma. Wash.. July 10. Troop A. of the
Second regiment of national guards, of Wash
ington, refused to ride on a Northern Paciflo
train manned by non-union crews. The entire
troop, consisting of sixty men, was placed un
der urrest. loaded in a box car and taken east
with the train carrying the balance of the state
militia en route from the state ramp. When
Troop A arrives at Sprague it will be court
martialed. All of the troopers will resign,
however, on reaching home.
Labor Lender Arrested.
Chicago,-July 11. Vice Orand Master J.J.
Hannahan, of the Hrotherhood ot Locomotive
Firemen was arrested early in the morning at
his home and taken before Commissioner
Hoyne. The warrant charges him with
Interfering with Inter state commerce and
tho passage of the malls. He is ac
cused of boarding an engine on the Western
Indiana road and inducing the engineer and
fireman to quit work. Hannahan declares he
is Innocent of the thing charged against him
while District Attorney Milchrist says the
government has a good case against him. He
was released on bail in the sum of $3,000.
Cost of the Strike.
Outside the question of the turmoil of the
strike Itself Is another serious factor. The
strike is costing the country many millions of
dollars. The dispatches printed from a major
ity of the towns give an estimate of the losses
thus far entailed to the bnsiness interests of
the several communities. Figures compiled
from these estimates show that the loss to
business and the loss in wages of strikers ag
gregate S28.OU0.000. The estimate Is believed
to be low. The showing seems to indi
cate that George M. Pullman's refusal to arbi
trate and the efforts of the A. It. U. to
force htm to are costing the country S2.300.000
a day. The number of men thrown out of em
ployment, both by railroads and manufactur
ing e tablishments which have been forced to
shut down through lack of fuel and raw ma
terial, runs In the neighborhood of 50.000.
Vice President Howard, of the A. It. U.. esti
mated the railroad men on strike to number
San Francisco, July 13. On Wednesday
the situation in northern California was
deemed more serious than at any time previ
ous. United States regulars had been on the
field for over thirty-six hours, but blocaue
had not been broken. Central Pacific passen
ger train No. 4. which left Wednesday
morning for San V runcisco under a heavy
military guard, was wrecked, presumably by
strikers, at a trestle 2'i miles west of here.
Three artillerymen were killed, also the engi
neer, and four artillerymen were injured. I'ue
dead and wounded soldiers were members of
Battery L. Fifth United .states artillerv.
Strikers ponouuca the Wreckers.
Harry Knox, the leader of the a;rikers, has
issued the following:
I desire to state in behalf of the American
Railway ur.ion that this order has not the re
motest connection with the ditching of the train
between Sacramento and Davisvilie this after
noon, in which several persons lost their lives.
We condemn this act as outrageous and bar
barous and entirely contrary to the spirit of
the American Kailway union, which Is engaged
in an honorable struggle In the interest of
labor and is opposed to violence or the sacrifice
of human life. This act was done by sympa
thizers and we regret it the more as it is cal
culated to injure rather than help us. We sin
cerely trust that this first act of violence will
be the last."
Practically I'nder Martial Law.
The city is practically under martial law.
Marshal Baldwin has issued a proclamation
notifying all persons that the troops were In
the city and that the orders of the command
ing general would be enforced. He also cau
tioned them against all unlawful assemblages.
Acting under instructions of Col. Graham a de
tachment of soldiers seized a number of rifles
and loo shotguns. No resistance was offered
by the strikers.
Warlike Outlook at Oakland.
At Oakland tho outlook Is also warlike. An
extra force of 150 special policemen under dep
ties have been sworn in. The railroad officials
were making preparations early in the
day to start trains simultaneously with
those sent out from Sacramento. After
the full force of deputies bad arrived a band
of strikers charged into the yards on the mole.
When more men arrived the strikers charged
again, and this time the deputies gave way.
After nil the engines that had been run out
were killed the strikers withdrew. Then came
news of the disaster near this city. When
Division Superintendent Wilder heard that
the train had been wrecked he stopped further
A gang of strikers ditched two trains at Oak
land and completely blocked the track. As yet
no marines from Mare island have been landed
at Oakland. A train was also sent down to
Sonoma Valley branch from Callistoga but It
was stopped at Vallejo, where strikers killed
the engine. Trains ore running in northern
California only on the coast division. Neither
In San Francisco nor at San Jose did the strik
ers cause any disturbance during the day.
Ten Itoads Tied I' p.
Toledo. O. .July 13. Thursday found 10 roads
tied up: The Cincinnati, Hamilton &4ayton.
the Pennsylvania, the Hocking Valley, tne
Wheeling & Lake Krie, the Ohio Central, the
Michigan Central, the Lake Shore, the Ann
Arbor and the Clover Leaf. There were no
disturbances during the night and every
thing la quiet. The strikers have
rented a large store in the business
portion of the city for a headquarters and they
are conducting their affairs as If they were In a
political campaign. The Wheeling & Lake
Erie road is shut down completely. General
Manager Blair having issued orders to dis
charge every man in the company's employ
in every capacity. The only road on
which men arc working in the yards
is the Toledo, St. Louis & Kansas City. The
road is in the hands of the United States
court and the men at work are guarded by-
armed deputy marshals.
Workmen ISo Out.
Chicago. July 13. It was estimated Wednes
day night that fully 10.000 men employed In the
city had left their employment during the day
In support of the strike of the American Kail
way union and in compliance with the decision
of the meeting held Sunday night In Uhlich's
More Go Out.
Chicago, July 14. A number of local unions
on Thursday obeyed the order to join the in
dustrial strike. Many of the unions, notably
the carpenters, the seamen and tho cigar
makers, are waiting the outcome of the prom
ised arbitration, which it was reported is being
agitated in Washington.
Debs Is Hopeful.
In an Interview President Debs expressed
himself as exceedingly hopeful of ultimate vic
tory. Said ho: "As I view the situation now It
presents a more favorable outlook for us than
ever before. The excitement nnd turbulence in
variably Inridont to the birth of a great up
heaval have passed away. The atmos
phere is cleared. Strife and turmoil are
elements that have 'passed in the night.' One
is enabled to obtain a clear perspective of the
environment of the immense conflict now
waging. Cool-headedness and earnest purpose
have succeeded to passion and diverse inten
tion. Now public sentiment can calmly and
truly judge of the right and wrong In this
To Probe the Strike.
Washington, July 14. It was offi
. .. - . JLj W .,, itue
cially announced at the white house
Thursday night that the president will
appoint a commission by the authority
given him 'by the arbitration act of
1888, to investigate the labor troubles
at Chicago and elsewhere, and report
to the president and congress. This
determination on the part of the presi
dent was arrived at after an interview
with Secretary-Treasurer Hayes, of
the Knights of Labor, McGuire and C.
X. French, of the executive eommittee,
and Mr. Schoenfaber, who were intro
duced to the president Thursday after
noon by Senator Kyle and who came
bearing credentials from the American
Railway union, the Pullman employes
and several labor organizations.
After discussing the various features
of the situation for more than an hour
the president promised that if the
leaders would return to Chicago and
use their influence toward restoring
peace and order he would appoint the
commission as soon as the disturb
ances had ceased to such an extent as
to render a careful, thoughtful inves
Itlots at Oakland.
San Francisco, July 14. Early
Thursdaj morning a mob of several
hundred strikers rushed into the yards
on the mole. They killed all the loco
motives that had been fired up, and
blockaded the tracks by derailing a
locomotive and a long line of coaches.
Later in the day another crowd wrecked
a turntable and did some damag e a
the roundhouse. Trouble came to an
end, however, in the evening- when a
force of marines from Mar-u island
Martial Law at Sacramento.
At Sacramento the conditions of
martial law prevail. No trains are
running there, however, and General
Superintendent Fillmore said that no
more regular trains would be run be
fore Saturday, by which time he hopes
to have repaired the trestle.
The people of Sacramento are prac
tically living under military govern
ment. Col. Graham has thrown a cor
don of troops around the railroad prop
erty, and citizens are not allowed
through the lines. Along the railroad,
in the vicinity of Wednesday's disas
ter, cavalrymen and squads of infantry
are scouring the underbrush. Several
suspicious characters found in hiding
there have been arrested and put in a
military guard house at Sacramento.
SCORED BY SENATORS.
Strike Designated a Kebelllou Kx-Presl-dent
Washington. July V2. The strike was the
subject of a lively debate in the senate to-day.
Mr. Peffer (pop.. Kan.) called up his resolu
tion declaring for government ownership of
railroads, coal mines, and for a single tax. und
he made it the occasion of a speech in behalf
of tho strikers. He predicted more trouble
unless congress and the administration and
the country took Immediate warning and
adopted some such scheme as he had proposed.
Mr. Davis (rep.. Minn.) took occasion to tell
Senator Peffer that It was the kind of anarchy
now prevalent in Chicago that he was inviting
by his remarks. Mr. Davis scored the Kansas
senator unmercifully upon his populistio
theories. Then he declared for law and order
and the preservation of peace throughout the
Senator Davis, speaking of the Kyle resolu
tion, said it was put in at a time when the
troubles In the west were in progress for the
purpose of making the United States a partner
In the lawlessness. The strike grew from a
strike to a boycott, a boycott to a riot, and now
to an insurrection. He described the various
acts of lawlessness, and said that Kyle's
resolution was to take away the power of the
United States to punish such gross acts of vio
lence. If the arts of violence had been com
mitted upon the great lakes or the high seas It
would have been piracy and punishable by
death. The authority of the United States
could not be denied. The duty of the presi
dent is to see the laws executed.
It was time that such action should be taken
to put down the rising tide of anarchy that
threatens to engulf tho city of Chicago. The
military power of the country was at last nec
essarily called upon to put down the lawless
ness. 1 he senator from Kansas had said the
troops should be withdrawn, but he had not
given a suggestion of what would protect life
and property. Debs could not do so if he was
given full power, no more than he could restore
the cars burned by his men.
Mr. Davis was followed by Senator Gordon
idem., Ga.) an ex-confederate general. Mr.
Gordon made an Impassioned appeal for the
preservation of peace and tho upholding of the
laws and the constitution of the United States.
He declared that the lawlessness that had
been indulged in at Chicago and in other sec
tions of the country as the result of the strike
was nothing less than rebellion against the
authority of the government, and he appealed
not only to the senate hut to all good citizens
to uphold the national authorities in maintain
ing law and order and the honor of the gov
Mr. Daniel (dem.. Va.) then offered a resolu
tion commending the course of the president
and declaring in unequivocal terms for the en
forcement of the laws of the land and the up
holding of the constitution.
Mr. Daniel, himself an ex-confederate, la
commenting briefly on these resolutions,
shared the sentiments expressed by Gen. Gor
don, and declared that all sections of the coun
try, north and south and east and west, had
common cause la upholding the government,
its Institutions and its laws.
EX-PRESIDENT HAKKISOX'S VIEW.
iNniANAPOi.is. Ind.. July 12. Ex-President
Harrison claims to have been misquoted in ref
erence to bis opinion of President Cleveland's
action In ordering United States troops to Chi
cago. Said Mr. Harrison: "I have neither said
what I am quoted as saying as to the use of
United States troops by the president nor do I
think that the president has transcended
his power. On the other hand I believe
that there is no spot in the United
States where the United States troops may not
go under orders without asking anybody's con
sent, and that the enforcement of the laws of
the United States is the sworn duty of the
president, and the army an appropriate instru
ment to use In the enforcement of those laws
where they are violently resisted and the civil
officers are unable to deal with the situation.
If the posse comitatus law limits the presi
dent's constitutional power at all. which is very
doubtful, it only requires the proclamation to
precede the use of troops."
SENATB INDORSES THE PRESIDENT.
Washington. July 13. The senate, without
division, has adopted Senator Daniel's resolu
tion commending the course of the president,
denouncing as treason the acts of the men who
are practically levying war against the United
States, and strongly declaring for the inforce
ment of the laws of the land, and the uphold
ing of the constitution.
Chicago, July 13. A Wisconsin Cen
tral railway switch engine collided
with a Baltimore & Ohio coal train
just west of Johnson street at 1:30 p. m.
Thursday. The overturned cars de
molished a portion of Norton Bros.'
elevator and buried the train crewa
under the ruins. One man was in
stantly killed, two are yet in the ruins
and three injured persons, were re
moved to the hospital.
MET HIS DOOM.
Prandergast, te Assassin of Carter Har
rison, Hanged In Chicago's Jail.
Chicago, July 14. At 11:47k a. m. Fri
day Patrick Eugene Joseph Irender
gast was hanged in the corridor of the
Cook county jail for the murder of
Carter II. Harrison, Prendergast 're
tained his nerve to the end and ap
proached his doom without a faltering.
He made no dj-ing speech on the scaf
fold and not a word was spoken from
the time he stepped on the trap until
the end. The droo fell at 11:47 and
the body was cut down at 11:53.
The application of the attorneys of
Prendergast to the United States
courts for a writ of habeas corpus and
a stay of execution was a failure.
Judge Grosscup Thursday afternoon
rendered a decision refusing the
writ and also refusing to al
low an appeal to the supreme
court of the United States. This
decision carried with it the refusal to
grant an order upon the state author
ities for a stay of execution. This
IH . , mm,. A l
was a death-blow to the last hope of
the condemned man and preparations
for the execution were at once com
menced. At first he refused to believe
that he would be executed, saying that
certainly some power would intervene
to save him from such a fate.
The Crime of Prendergast.
On the night of October 1. 160.1. the city cf
Chicago was thrown into consternation and
Borrow. Its mayor. Carter Henry Harrison,
prominent in political life for twenty-threo
years, was murderd. At his home on Ash
land boulevard Mayor Harrison was shot by a
man who came in the guise of a peaceful vis
itor at 8 o'clock, and twenty-seven minutes
later the mayor breathed his last. Mayor
Harrison had been at the world's fair all day.
He returned to his home at 5 o'clock, tired
out. After dinner at 6 o'clock Mr. Harrison
retired to a back room and lay down upon a
couch to get a little rest. At 8
o'clock the front door bell rung. The maid
who answered the summons found waiting
there a small young man. with wizened,
smooth-sbaven face, who asked to see the
mayor. Thinking that she recognized him,
the girl let the caller in. After waking Mr.
Harrison she went dow n-stairs.
Mayor Harrison advanced to meet his caller,
and a few words ensued between the two. when
the intruder drew his revolver and shot the
niSjYor three times. He then made his escape.
Mayor Harrison fell upon the floor of tho
dining-room of his residence, and although
every eflort was made to save his life he died
within a half an hour.
The assassin escaped pursuit, but within the
hour gave himself up at the Desplaines street
police station. The murderer was Patrick
Kugene Joseph l'rendergast and his trial for
thtmurder was or.e of the most remarkable in
the history of the criminal courts. He justi
fied his crime on the ground that Mayor
Harrison had broken faith v.ith him.
l'rendergast asserted that he had helped to
secure the election of Harrison, and that in re
turn for his services he was to be made cor
poration counsel. Because he did not get the
office, he said, he shot the mayor. The murder
was committed on Saturday evening. On Sun
day a coroner's jury held Prendercast for the
crime, and on Monday the grand jury iudicted
him. All of this he took very coolly, and said
that if he had a fair trial he would be ac
quitted. He was tried first before Judge l.rentano and
a jury in the criminal court. His attorneys
at tirst were It. A. Wade. J. C. Kssick and John
Heron. Then C. S. Harrow came into the case,
and 'with him at his solicitation came S. S.
Gregory and J. S. Harlan. The tirst trial re
sulted in a verdict of guilty of murder, and
l'rendergast was sentenced to be hanged
March :3. The supreme court of the
state was appealed to in vain. A su
persedeas was refused. Acting Governor
Joseph Gill was asked for a reprieve or
commutation of sentence and he declined to
interpose between Prendergast and the rope.
Judge Harlan and Jenkins, of the United
States court, were applied to for a writ of habe
as corpus, which they denied. At last, on the
morning of the day lefire the day set for
the execution Judge Arthur Chctlain began an
inquiry into the point raised by the lawyers
that Prendergast had become insane since the
first trial and was not in a condition for the
execution upon him of the sentence of the law.
After a most dramatic all-night session of
court the execution, then only a few
hours distant. was postponed. There
were many delays and legal quibbles
of various kinds, and finally the question
of Prendergast's sanity was brought to trial
before Judge Payne In the last week of Juno.
The hearing was not coucluded by July i the
date then fixed for the execution, which
was postponed until July 13. The jury
in this inquiry brought in a verdict
that l'rendergast was sane. Immediately
the attorneys for the defense applied to Judge
Halley. of the supreme court of the state, for a
writ of error and a supersedeas. He denied
the petition. Gov. Altgeld was appealed to,
und he. too. refused to interfere with tho ver
dict of two juries. Then application for a
writ of habeas corpua was made to Judge
Grosscup of the United States circuit court
and was refused. Au oppeal to the supreme
court of the United States was prayed and
with it a stay of execution was asked for.
After a full hearing of these applications by
Judge GroMSCup tiiey were denied, and the
last possible resort to save Prendergast had
Great Itritaln to Arbitrate.
London, July 14. Both China and
Japan have accepted in a friendly
spirit the offer of the earl of Kimberly
of the good oflices of the British gov
ernment to bring about a settlement of
the disputes regarding Corea.
Tientsin, July 14. Japan requires
the unconditional acceptance by Corea
of twenty-five demands, including con
cessions for railways, mines and cus
toms, and organic revolution in tho
It is a long head that knows no turn
ing. A baby, when it comes, brings its
own trunk and grip and lunch-basket.
It is quite permissible for a man to
rob Peter to pay Paul, if your name is
Divide your property among your
relatives and then sit down and wait
for the fool-killer.
Occasionally a young man may be
persuaded out of marrying a young
woman he loves, but an old one never.
Madeline Orvis, in Judge.
r iww-f TJ, Kattsmouth, Xe,.. by O H
IN A GRAND CAUSE.
Opening of the Christian Kndeavor Con
vention at Cleveland. ,
Ci.nvF.LANi, O., July 14. Notwith
standing the uncertain conditions of
travel incident to the great railway
strike, it is estimated that 20,000
strangers are temporarily quartered
in this city to attend the Christian
Endeavor convention, and every in
coming train is adding to the number.
Every oneof this number was anxious
to secure a place within the doors
of the Saengerfest building, and long
before 10 o'clock every seat and every
available inch of standing room in
the hall was occupied. Those
who could not get into the
hall were accommodated in a
monster tent in the eastern
part of the city, having a seating
capacity for 10.000.
The address of welcome was deliv
ered by Gov. McKinley. The governor
was very cordially received and his
words were applauded vigorously.
Secretary Baer's annual report
showed the society to be in a ver3"
flourishing condition and with an
ever increasing membership almost
phenomenal in proportions. Tho
growth of the society during the
last twelve months has been the
largest since it was organized
thirteen years ago. During that
period, 7,!593 companies have been
added to the ranks, against 5,'7G com
panies added to the rolls during the
previous year. England has now 1,453
regularly enrolled companies, includ
ing fifty-eight in Scotland and thirty
eight in Ireland, or a total of 75.000
individual members. The gains have
been very heavy in India, Japan.
Turkey, China, France, Spain, Mexio
and other foreign countries.
In President Clark's report, which
was read in the evening, he said:
"Right nobly have you rallied around this
standard during the last year. From east and
west and north and south has come the good
news 'Christian Kudeavor stands for the elec
tion of good men. for the enactment of good
laws, for sturdy and steady opposition to the
saloon, the gambling hell, the lottery, the vio
lation of the Sabbath.'
"It stands by such men as Charles H. Park
hurst and every kindred spirit in every politi
cal party that seeks to purify politics and t
make this Immanuel's land. I congrat
ulate you that none of you have been cajoled
into making our organization the tail
of any political kite. To be a Chris
tian Kndeavorer does not mean that
one Is necessarily a republican or a dem
ocrat or a populist or a third party man.
tory or a liberal. It does mean that ho
Is necessarily a good citizen. aDd that he will
exert every ounce of his influence to which
ever sex he belongs (if the young men will ex
cuse the generic pronoun) for the right.
SHOOK UP THE TURKS.
Constantinople Visited by an Karthquake
Loss of Life Reported.
Constantinople, July li Two vio
lent earthquake shocks were felt hero
Tuesday. Each shock lasted about
twenty seconds. Although some dam
age was done, the extent of it is not
known. The inhabitants have become
greatly alarmed, and are fleeing from
their houses in anticipation of further
and more serious disturbances. The
earthquake shocks did mucli damaje
to the city, and several persons are re
ported to have been killed. All the
ofiices, the banks and the bourse have
been closed. The population of Con
stantinople is so terrified that many
thousands of people are camping out
in the open air. Two disastrous fires
have already occurred and telegraphic
communication is interrupted.
It is believed that fifty persons have
lost their lives and that the number of
injured far exceeds that figure. The
loss to property will be very large.
There have also been severe shocks of
earthquake in Smyrna, the island of
Scio and in the Dardanelles. No dam
age was done, so far as known, but
telegraphic communication between
the places named and Constantinople
has been cut off and details have not
KUKSU KARTIKjI'AKC SHOCKS.
Constantinople, July 13. Four
fresh shocks of earthquake have been
felt here. Many houses have fallen
at Stamboul. At the grand bazaar
the jeweler's quarter fell, occasion
ing the greatest confusion. The
merchants fled in terror, leaving
their valuables behind them. Many
shopkeepers and passersby were
buried beneath the ruins. It is im
possible as yet to give the numoer of
people killed and injured, but it is
known that in this city five were killed
and that here and in the suburbs over
150 people were buried beneath the
Charged with Looting Stores of the Coal
Companies at Ijdd, III.
Ladi, III., Jnly li Ten men with
goods from the looted stores in their
possession were arrested here Wednes
day and bound over to the grand jury
in bonds of S1.000 each. They could
not furnish bail and will be taken to
the county jail at Princeton.
Wagons accompany the searching
parties and are bringing in the goods
as fast as recovered. At every corner
in the town deputies are stationed
to prevent the rioters from secret
ing the booty. Rolls of carpet, bolts of
dress goods, silks and laces are being
found iu large quantities. Other ar
ticles are bunches of tin pails, trunks,
valises and fine furniture not in keep
ing with the surroundings. Secreted
ia the gardens, sheds and barns are
found articles of all kinds.
Early Wednesday morning some dem
onstrations were made by the strikers,
but the day was comparatively quiet.
The national banks at both this place
and Spring Valley have resumed. At
Spring Valley squads of striking miners
came into the city early in the morning
from La Salle. Peru, and other towns,
and, congregating in large numbers,
made a decidedly threatening appear
ance. The militia were called on to
clear the streets with fixed baj-ouets
on many occasions. Several miners
had their hands and arms severely
prodded and lacerated.
Murdered II in Wife.
Chicago, July 10. Bertha Etgen. a
scrubwoman, was shot four times and
instantly killed by her husband, Ucr
Hard Etjjen Monday.
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