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About Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901 | View Entire Issue (July 19, 1894)
C W. IHERUAK, Publisher.
I'LATTSMOVTII. : iNFBRASSA.
The News Condensed.
Important Intelligence From All Parti
TBI 'senate was not in session on the 7th
In the hou.se the senate amendments of the
tariS were disagreed to and the measure
scut to conference.
On ihe IK h the naval appropriation bill wa
pr?l In the senate. Senator Peffer lntro
iaivj a resolution providing for government
mtirrol of railways and mines; that wages of
employes be regulated by law and paid promptly
in money; and that all revenues of the govern
nrctft "o? raised by taxes on real estate Dis
trict fr Columbia affairs occupied the attentiov
of the house. A bill for an equalization of real
estate values was passed.
It the senate on the 10th the railroad strike,
-wiis dhtcussed and speeches were made in con
demnation of riotous movements and anarch
istic sentiment. The post office appropriation
bill and the Utah statehood bill were
'passed In the house the bill opening for set
tlement the Uncompahgre and Uintah reser
vations in Utah was passed. It adds 3,000,000
acres to the public domain.
On the Uth the senate adopted Senator Dan
iel's resolution commending the course of the
president in the railway strike and denouncing
as i reason the acts of the men who were prac
tically levying war against the United States.
An amendment favoring arbitration was de
feated by a vote of 11 to 35. The diplomatic
and consular, the Invalid pension and the mili
tary academy appropriation bills were passed.
In ttre house the land grant forfeiture bill
was passed. The measure will restore M.ftJO,
000 acres to the public domain.
In the senate the army and the fortifications
appropriation bills were passed on the 12th
and some progress was made on the river and
harbor bill In the house the senate amend
ments to the bill for the admission of Utah as
a .ftate were agreed to. This pusses the bill
a&d it goes to the president.
A cloudburst at Coneonully, Wash.,
destroj-ed nearly every building left
standing after the disaster of last
Fikk in the Phoenix building at Prov
idence, K. I., did damage to the extent
of SI 00,000.
15y a fall of coal -in a slope of the
Susquehanna Coal company mine at
Nanticoke, Pa., three men were crushed
Col. George E. Gourai'D sailed from
New York for England with an invita
tion to Gladstone to visit America.
Kelly's coramonwealers who seized
a freight train were captured by West
Virginia militia at Kenova.
Orders placing1 the Union Pacific,
Northern Pacific and Central Pacific
roads under military control and in
structing commanding' officers to nse
force to prevent interference with
trains were issued by President Cleve
land. Dr. Frederick A. Cook and his party
of sixty excursionists sailed from Xew
York on the Miranda for the polar re
gions. The factory of the Quick Meal Stove
company at St. Louis was burned, the
loss being $500,000.
Is a factional fight at Catlettsburg,
Ky., John and Ballard Faulkner
(brothers) were killed and David and
Charles Justice mortally wounded.
Four incendiary fires in the business
part of Ogden, Utah, caused a loss ot
Gcbtavus Peters and Clara Chrls
topherson, a young couple of Racine,
Wig., ended their lives with poison.
They were engaged to be married, and
no cause was known for the deed.
Department Commaxpeb McDowell.
offered the services of the grand army
veterans of Illinois to Gov. Altgeld to
aid in suppressing disorder.
Seven valuable ace horses were de
stroyed by a fire in the stables at the
Mystic Park track in Boston. One,
Karcissus. was valued at 820.000.
A proclamation was issued by Presi
dent Cleveland calling on persons ob
structing traffic in far western states
to cease their unlawful work.
At Westville, 111., troops fired over
the heads of riotous miners and killed
two women and mortally wounded a
Ax Insurrection in the prison at South
Boston, Mass., was suppressed only
after a volley had been fired by officers.
One convict was wounded.
At the request of Mayor Hopkins,
Gov. Altgeld ordered twelve more com
panies of Illinois militia to Chicago.
Committees representing the Chicago
council and trade and labor organiza
tions failed in a last attempt to induce
the Pullman company to agree to arbi
tration. Ax attack on the town of Pullman
was feared and the military authori
ties had laid plans accordingly. Many
families had lied from the town.
The 103th volume of the New York
city directory gives that city a popula
tion of 1,937.055.
Three young ladies named Lizzie
and Lena Breyfogle, daughters of ex
Senator L. W. Breyfogle, and Miss Car
roU, were killed by the cars near
Eugene V. Debs, O. XV. Howard,
Sylvester Keliher and L. W. Rogers,
officers of the American Railway
union, were arrested in Chicago on in
dictments for conspiracy found by the
federal grand jury. They gave bail
for appearance for trial in October.
Three thousand educators were
present at the opening session of the
National association at Asbury Park,
Jtf. J. .
General Master Workman Sover
eign of the Knights of Labor has tele'
raphe (1 an appeal to the members of
his organization in America imploring
them to cease work immediately and
to refuse to return to their places un
til the present railway strike has been
settled. In Chicago it was thought
that many trade unions would heed
Bartholomew Shea, who killed Rob
ert Ross In an election-day riot at
Troy, N. Y., has been condemned to
death by electricity during the week
of August 21.
Escorted by a troop of cavalry, a
company of infantry and a phalanx of
police the first meat train in many
flays pulled out of the stockyards in
Keaki.t 200 new money order post
offices have been established in the
John Drake, of Anderson, lnd.,
ended an unhappy married life by fa
tally shooting his. wife and blowing
out his own brains.
Regular soldiers fired on rioters at
Spring Valley, 111., killing1 two. and
two others were wounded in conflicts
George Gear, 13 years of age, and
Frank Shortz, 14 j-ears old, while bath
ing in the river at Osawatomie, Kan.,
got beyond their depth and were
Johnnie Wtler, aged 8 years, and
Otto Winters, aged 5, were drowned
while fishing near Kansas City, Mo.
One man was killed and two others
fatally injured by the collapse of an
overloaded wharf in Boston.
In a race war at Ifarrisburg. Ark.,
several negroes were killed.
Tile entire business portion of St.
Clairsvillo, O., was wiped out by fire.
Thk steam barge Myrtie M. Ross
was burned at South Haven, Mich.,
and Frank Smith, son of the owner of
the vessel, and Charles Connell, engi
neer, were fatally burned.
The Equitable Mortgage company
of New York, which failed with lia
bilities of 810,000,000, will shortly be
William Wyant, a wealthy farmer,
aged 45 years, shot and killed his wife
at Whitesburg, Pa., and then suicided
by blowing the top of his head off. No
cause was known.
A Southern Pacific train was
wrecked on a trestle near Sacramento
by strikers or their sympathizers and
three regular soldiers and the engineer
The village of White Bear, Minn.,
was visited by an incendiary fire that
nearly wiped out the business part of
Government attorneys in Washing
ton were said to be preparing to prose
cute President Debs, of the American
Railway union, on the charge of trea
son. The village of Rowley, la., was al
most entirely consumed by fire.
I. C. Han ford, aged 55 years, the
millionaire vice president of the Na
tional Linseed Oil company, shot him
self in a hotel in Chicago 1;cause of
Gen. S. W. Ferguson, of Green
ville, secretary-treasurer of the Missis
sippi levee board, was said to be short
in his accounts upward of S'24,000.
The chemical works at Carteret, N.
J., were destroyed by fire, the loss be
The large sawmill of the Helfrich
Lumber and Manufacturing company
at Evansville, lnd., was destroyed by
fire, the loss being 5100,000.
Publishers of the city directory for
1S94, which was being distributed, es
timated Chicago's population at 1,635,
There was marked improvement in
the general strike situation in Chicago
on the 12th. The railroad companies
were running trains on all main lines
and branches on time, the passenger
service having been completely re
sumed and many freight trains mov
ing. Railway officials reported that
they had applications for work beyond
the vacancies to be filled. Very little
disturbance of any kind was noted
and there was nothing of the nature
of riot or disorder to call for action by
the federal troops, the militia or the
deputy marshals. Reports from other
points showed a general resumption of
traffic, both passenger and freight, by
At Brazil, lnd., four men and boys
were found guilty of murdering En
gineer Barr and were sentenced to two
years' imprisonment each.
At a meeting of laboring men in
New York Henry George made a bitter
attack on President Cleveland for
sending federal troops into Illinois.
Winfred Smith, a wealthy young
man, cut the throat of Western B.
Thomas, a prominent man of Anderson,
lnd., at Brighton Beach, a resort near
President Cleveland, it was said,
would appoint a committee to inquire
into the railway strike and recommend
methods for settling it.
Mike Stapleton. aged 30 years, com
mitted suicide at Lenoir, N. C, by
drinking seventeen bottles of Jamaica
Railroad managers report an un
usually large corn crop everywhere
It will require two years to move it to
At New Haven, Conn.. Frank A.
Dame, a painter, shot Miss Mary G.
Perry because she refused to marry
him and then killed himself.
Chicago workmen were slow to re
spond to the order for a general strike,
less than 16,000 in all having quit work.
At Asbury Park, N. J., the National
Educational association elected Prof.
Nicholas Murray Butler, professor of
philosophy in Columbia college, as
Alien miners near Uniontown, Pa.,
threatened to kill the imported negro
laborers and a general uprising was
The cost to the United States of
putting down the railway strike in the
west was estimated by government
officials at fully SI, 000, 000.
L. D. Alexander & Co., commission
merchants in New York, failed, with
liabilities of 5200,000 and assets of $50,
Thirty evangelical denominations
were represented in the Christian En
deavor convention in Cleveland, O.
The attendance was very large.
It was estimated that thousands of
acres of grain in Minnesota and the
Dakotas had been ruined by excessive
In a collision of freight trains near
Chicago two deputy United States mar
shals were killed and two others seri
Fire almost entirely destroyed the
village of Edon, an Ohio town of 800
inhabitants. Eighty buildings were
PERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
Loren Fletcher was renominated
for congress by the republicans of the
Fifth Minnesota district.
Democratic candidates for congress
were nominated in the Chicago dis
tricts as follows: Third, Lawrence
McGann (renominated); Fourth. Timo
thy E. Ryan; Fifth, E. T. Noonan;
Sixth, Julius S. Goldzier (renomi
nated). In Iowa the republicans renom
inated W. P. Hepburn in the Eighth
district and J. 1. Dolliverin the Tenth.
Gen. James B. Fry, who was retired
in 1881, died at his summer residence
at Newport, II. I., after a brief illness.
He was the author of some of the most
valuable military works of modern
Minnesota populists in session at
Minneapolis nominated S. M. Owen
for governor. The platform demands
the enforcement of anti-trust laws and
the enactment of new anti-monopoly
laws, and extends sympathy to organ
ized labor in its present struggle.
Knute Nelson was renominated for
governor by Minnesota republicans in
convention at St. Paul. The platform
favors the protective tariff, indorses
bimetallism and urges the restoration
of silver as money, opposes all trusts
and combinations, seeking to control
or unduly enhance the price of com
modities, favors the settlement of la
bor troubles by arbitration, opposes
pauper immigration and favors liberal
pensions to veterans.
Congressional nominations were
made as follows: Illinois, Sixteenth
district, (Jen. John I. Rinaker (rep.).
Indiana, Eighth district, M. C. Rankin
(jop.). Missouri, First district, C. N.
Clark (rep.). Kansas, Second district,
O. L. Miller (rep.). Ohio, Fourth dis
trict, Joseph White (pop.). Kentucky,
Tenth district. William Beekner
(dem.). Pennsylvania. Twenty-sixth
district, J. C. Sibley (rep.) renomi
nated. Nominations for congress were made
as follows: Ohio, Fifth district, J. L.
Snook (dem.); Sixth, J. L. Stevens
(dem.); Twentieth, C. B. Beach (rep.).
Indiaua, Third district, S. M. Stock
slager (dem.). Georgia, Third district,
Charles F. Crisp (dem.), renominated.
Mississippi. Third district, T. C. Ca tell
ings (dem.), renominated.
The American schooner Henry L.
Phillips was seized by the dominion
authorities for alleged violation of the
Sixty persons were drowned by the
sinking of the passenger steamer
Vladimir in a collision off the Crimea.
The town of Plunjan, Russia, was
completely destroyed by fire. Three
hundred and seventy-five houses were
Great damage to property was done
by two earthquake shocks in Constan
tinople and fifty or more persons were
The entire press of Germany, with
out party distinction, regards the rail
road war as being disastrous to the
future of the United States.
Foui: more shocks of earthquake
were felt in Constantinople and vi
cinity. Hundreds of persons were
killed by falling buildings.
In a collision near Odessa between
the steamer Vladimir and the Italian
steamer Columbia 100 passengers of the
Vladimer lost their lives.
Fire destroyed 400 houses at Lovete,
Hungary, and six persons perished.
The Palais d'Ete theater, recently
opened in Brussels, was destroyed by
fire, the loss being 1,000,000 francs.
Miss Marie Schrouder, daughter of
an American millionaire, was married
to Count Pompeo Pieri at Rome.
Twenty Spanish fishing boats out
during a recent storm were missing,
and seventeen men were known to
The river and harbor appropriation
bill and a bill for the construction of a
bridge across the Mississippi river at
Dubuque, la., were psirised in the United
States senate on the ISth. In the
house the report of the conferrees on
the pension appropriation bill was
agreed to. The evening session was
devoted to the consideration of private
The Great Northern Express com
pany was robbed of Sll.GOO at Wickes,
IIerhert and Arthur Budd, young
sons of J. J. BmM. were drowned
while swimming in the river at Bur
The executive committee of the
American Federation of Labor and the
representatives of other national or
ganizations in session in Chicago de
cided against ordering a general strike
in support of the American Railway
union. The conference also decided
against local sympathetic strikes by
the trades unions, and requested the
members of the organizations already
out to return to their places.
New Berlin, a thrifty Illinois vil
lage, was almost destroyed by fire,
which was attributed to burglars.
The prohibitionists' in state conven
tion at Weirs, N. II., nominated Rev.
I). C. Knowles, treasurer of Tilton
seminary, for governor, and Dr. Edgar
L. Carr, of Pittsiield, and David Ileald,
of Milford, for congress.
Thep.e were 237 business failures in
the United States in the seven days
ended on the 13th, against 1C4 the week
previous and 374 in the corresponding
time in 1803.
The Kentucky state treasury was
announced to be bankrupt and pay
ment was refused on all warrants.
Striking miners ditched a Big Four
express train at Fontanet, lnd., where
by two men were killed and four badly
Juixje Barrett, of New York,
granted an order admitting Erastus
Wiman to 8-10,000 bail.
E. V. Debs, president of the Ameri
can Railway union, addressed to the
General Managers' association in Chi
cago a proposition that he .vould de
clare the strike off if the roads would
take back into their employ the men
on strike, except those who engaged
in violations of the law. The railway
managers decided that as they had
never recognized Debs they could not
take any notice of his communication.
They also announced that they would
manage their properties hereafter in
dependent of labor unions. j
Railway Managers Refuse to Make
Terms with Dobs.
The Latter Offer to Declare the Strike Off
Conditional Upon the KeliMtatrment
of Kmployes Who Had Not
Keen Utility of Violence.
HIS PROPOSITION' NOT CONSIDERED.
Chicago, July 14'. The General
Managers association refused to even
consider the peaceful overtures which
were made to that body by Presi
dent Eugene V. Debs of the Amer
ican Railway union. The proposition
was not only not considered, but
it was returned to Maj-or Hopkins, who
took the letter to the association, with
the information that no communica
tion whatever from the officers of the
American Railway union could be re
ceived or considered by the association.
Following is the text of the proposi
tion made by President Debs to the
Chicago. 111.. July 13. 1R9L To the Rail
way Managers Gentlemen: The existing
troubles growing out of the Pullman strike
having assumed continental proportions and
there being no Indication of relief from the
widespread business demoralization and dis
tress Incident thereto, tho railway employes,
through the board of directors of the American
Railway union, respectfully make the follow
ing proposition as a basis of settlement:
They agree to return to work In a body at
once, provided they shall be restored to their
former positions without prejudice, except In
rases. If any there be, where they have been
convicted of crime.
"This proposition looking to an Immediate
settlement of the existing strike on all lines
of railway Is Inspired by a purpose to subserve
the public good. The strike, small and com
paratively unimportant In Its inception, has
extended in every direction until now It In
volves, or threatens not only every public in
terest but the peace, security and prosperity
of our common country. The contest has
waged fiercely. It has extended far beyond the
limits of interests originally involved and has
laid hold of a vast number of industries and
enterprises in nowise responsible for
the differences and disagreements that led
to the trouble. Factory, mill, mine and shop
have been silenced. Widespread demoraliza
tion has sway. The interests of multiplied
thousands of Innocent people are suffering.
The common welfare is seriously menaced. The
public peace and tranquility are In peril. Grave
apprehension of the future prevails.
"This being true, and the statement will not
be controverted, we conceive it to be our duty
as citizens and as men to make extraordinary
efforts to end the existing strife and avert ap
proaching calamities whose shadows are even
now upon us.
"If ended now, the contest, however serious
In its consequences, will not have been In vain.
Sacrifices have been made, but they will have
their compensations. Indeed, if lessons shall
be taught by experience the troubles now so
widely deplored will prove a blessing of in
estimable value in the months and years to
"The difference that led up to the present
complications need not now be discussed.
At this supreme Juncture every consideration
of duty and patriotism demands that
a remedy for existing troubles be
found and applied. The employes pro
pose to do their part by meeting their
employers half way. Let it be stated that
they do not impose any condition of settlement
except that they be returned to their former
positions. They do not ask the recognition of
their organization or of any organization.
"Helieving this proposition to be fair, reason
able and just, it is respectfully submitted with
the belief that its acceptance will result in the
prompt resumption of traffic, the revival of in
dustry and the restoration of peace and order.
When told of the treatment his offer
had received Mr. Debs exhibited some
surprise anil meditated a few moments
before venturing any expression of
opinion. He said:
"I cannot state authoritatively what will
be the result of this practical rejection of out
last overture for a settlement. The board of
directors of the American Kailway union will
meet to-morrow to take action on the deter
mination reached by the General Managers' as
sociation and until then nothing definite can be
said. My personal opinion is that there is
no other course open to us except a fight to the
bitter end. What else remains for us? We
have consented to keep our organization
out of sight in the settlement: the officers
have agreed to sink their official capacities
and treat merely as personal representative
of a body of railroad employes: we have
simply asked that all the men against whom
there were no charges, except that they obeyed
the order to strike, be reinstated In their posi
tions. To ask anything less would have been
the basest treachery to our organization, and
of that we cannot be guilty.
"In my opinion the war will be waged
more bitterly than ever It was. All of the
conservative men belonging to the order,
who have remained at work hoping for a
settlement of the strike, will now see the
utter uselessness of cherishing that ex
pectation and will join those already out. We
shall tie up every railroad in the United States
so tight that not a train can move. We can do
It and we will do it, and the fight will last just
so long as the managers remain in their pres
ent obstinate mood."
"Was this proposition submitted to the Gen
eral Managers' association with the expecta
tion of a rejection by them, in order to place
them in the position of refusing any terms of
"No. sir. I was firmly of the opinion that
this last proposition would be accepted.
We have certainly gone more than half way
to meet them, and in order to comply with
the request of President Cleveland in bring
ing about peace in a time of great public
turmoil and threatened danger, we are
willing to make any other concession we
can make as men
own manhood and
have given their
of honor. If the public can
that will not Imperil our
the safety of the men who
case into our keeping, we
will gladly do it at once. And I promise faith
fully that within thirty minutes from the time
the general managers accept our proposition
the strike will be at an end throughout the
Pulla.iati Heard From.
New York. July 14. George M. Pull
man has made public a statement in
which he explains his rcfusM to arbi
trate difficulties with his employes.
He sa3's again that there is "noth
ing to arbitrate." He was running his
shops at a loss and merely for the
benefit of his men. Because the em
ployes were refused more money they
struck. It would be tinjust to tho
stockholders of the company now ti
treat with the men, since it might bind
the company to continue operations at
a greater loss.
WIT AND WISDOM.
The devil runs when he can't fiai.
anything to hide behind.
The man who minds his own business
will always have business to mind.
Every man makes the world either
richer or poorer by what he gives to it
It is hard to make a stingy man be
lieve that he is robbing himself by keep
ing his money in his pocket.
Tira one who sets a scandal afloat
would go in for lynching the man who
would turn a wolf loose in the street.
It Refuses to Older a General Strike An
Chicago, July 14. The executive
committee of the American Federation
of Labor and the representatives of
the national organizations which have
been meeting at the Briggs house for
the last two days on Friday decided
against ordering a general strike in
support of the American
union. Ine conference also decided
against local S3-mpathetic strikes by
the trade unions, and requested the
members of the organizations already
out to return to their places. There
was but one expression of opinion
among delegates as to the justice of
the strike of the American Railway
union, but there was pronounced op
position to involving other trades of
Shortly after tho meeting was called
to order a motion was adopted to ap
point a committee to frame a docu
ment that would set forth the position
of the federation. The committee took
nearly all of the afternoon to complete
its work, and its report was read at
the evening session. It was adopted
after being discussed for several hours.
It is as follows:
'Chicago. July 13, 1PM. The great indus
trial upheaval now agitating the country has
been carefully, calmly and fully considered in
a conference of the executive council of the
American Federation of Labor and the execu
tive officers and representatives of the nation
al and international unions and brotherhoods
of railway men called to meet in the city of
Chicago on July 12, I8M.
"In the light of all the evidence obtainable
and in view of the peculiar complications now
enveloping the situation, we are forced to the
conclusion that the best interests of the
unions affiliated with the American fed
eration of Labor demand that they re
frain from participating in any general
or local strike which may be proposed
in connection with the present railroad
troubles. In making this declaration we do
not wish it understood that we are in any way
antagonistic to labor organizations now strug
gling for right or justice, but rather to the fact
that the present contest has become surround
ed and beset with complications so grave in
their nature that we cannot consistently advise
a course which would but add to the general
"While we may not have the power to order
strike of the working people of our country, we
are fully aware that a recommendation
from this conference to them to lay
down their tools of labor would largely
influence the members of our affiliated
organizations, and appreciating the responsi
bility resting upon us and the duly we
owe to all, we declare It to be the sense of
this conference that a general strike at this
time is inexpedient, unwise and contrary to
the best interests of the working people. We
further recommend that all connected with the
American Federation of Labor now out on
sympathetic strike should return to work, and
those who contemplate going out on sympa
thetic strike are advised to remain at their
"In the strike of the American Railway
union we recognize an Impulsive, vigorous pro
test against the gathering, growing forces of
plutocratic power and corporation rule. In
the sympathetic movement of that order to
help the Pullman employes they have dem
onstrated the hollow shum of Pullman's para
sitical paradise. Mr. Pullman, in his persist
ent repulses of arbitration and in his heartless,
autocratic treatment of his employes, has
proved himself a public enemy.
"The heart of labor everywhere throbs re
sponsive to the manly purposes and sturdy
struggle of the American Railway union in its
heroic endeavor to redress the wrongs of the
Pullman employs. In this position they ef
fectually reiterate the fundamental trade
union principle that working people, regard
less of sex, creed, color, nationality, politics or
occupation, should have one and the same in
terests in one common cause for their own in
dustrial and political advancement.
"By this railway strike the people are once
more reminded of the immense forces held at
the call of corporate capital for the subjugation
of labor. For years the railroad interests have
shown the lawless examples of defiance to in- I
junctions and have set aside laws to control
them. They have displayed the utmost con
tempt for the interstate commerce law, have i
avoided its penalties and have sneered at its j
impotency to prevent pooling discriminations '
and other Impositions on the public. Inthisdis- :
regard of law these corporations have given the I
greatest impetus to anarchy and lawlessness. :
Still they did not hesitate when confronted by
outraged labor to invoke the powers of tho )
state, the federal government, backed by ;
United States marshals, injunctions of courts, i
proclamations of the president, and sustained '
by the bayonets of the soldiers, and all the j
civil and all the military machinery of the law i
have rallied on the summons of the corpora-
"Against this array of armed force and (
brutal moneyed authority would it not be j
worse folly to call men out on general or local j
strike in these days of stagnant trade
and commercial depression? No; better ;
let us organize more generally.
more closely, unite our forces, educate
and prepare ourselves to protect our interests,
that wo may go to the ballot-box and cast
our votes as American freemen, united and de
termined to redeem this country from its pres
ent political and industrial misrule. Take It
from the hands of plutocratic wreckers and
place It In the hands of the common people."
The report is signed by Samuel
Gompers, M. J. Carroll, M. N. Garland,
P. J. Maguire and Martin Fox as the
The adoption of the report was not
by a unanimous vote. P. H. Morris
sey, of the Brotherhood of Railway
Trainmen, and F. W. Arnold, of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen,
went on record as opposed to the in
dorsement of the American Railway
The conference also decided to ap
propriate $1,000 for the defense of Pres
ident Debs and the other officers of the
American Railway union who have
The Building Trades council held a
regular meeting Friday night at 199
Randolph street and by a unanimous
vote rescinded the action of the special
meeting declaring in favor of a gen
eral strike of the building trades of
Chicago. A number of organizations
reported that they had already gone
out, and several others reported that
they stood ready to answer the call of
the central body to join in a strike. The
discussion lasted for several hours.
.woman or child shall
That a decision shall not under any
circumstances be lett to a toss-up.
That it shall be forbidden to make
head or tail of any difficult matter.
That the American locution, "you
bet," may be construed as a slanderous
That an alternative phrase be found
for "What's the odds?" as who should
say, "What does it signify?" or, "What
material difference does it make so
long as you're happy?"
ANOTHER THEORY UPSET.
faith Id m k opular C hinese Habit Cannet s
Citizen to Offer Ulg Odd.
Two young men stood in front of the
United States hotel the other day dis
cussing politics and society news, when
a Chinaman passed by with both hands
in his pockets.
"Did you ever notice," asked one of
the young men, calling attention to the
nassino' Celestial, "that n. Chinaman
j .iWays carries his hands in his pockets
when lie is passing along the street?"
"No," replied his companion, "I never
"Then yon haven't been very ob
servant," said the first speaker. "It is
so much the rule that I'll agree to give
yod a dollar for every Chinaman who
passes while we stand here with his
hands out of his pockets if you will give
me five cents fcr every one who has his
hands in his pockets."
The proposition was agreed to and
the two prepared to watch. Presently
a Chinaman' came insight around Good
win's corner, swinging his hands care
lessly. The two j-oung men and two
others who had joined them laughed as
the Chinaman passed by, unconscious
that he was knocking out a pet theory.
"Just wait,'' said the man who pro
posed the bet, and they waited. In a
few minutes another Chinaman was
seen going up State street. He then,
had both hands in his pockets, but
glancing at the city hall clock, ht Im
mediately took out his watch, proceed
ed to wind it up, and passed by with
both hands out. Three of the young
men laughed and the other tried to
join in the merriment, but his smile
was faint and sickly. He managed to
get out feebly: "Just wait," and again
It wasn't long before the next JIon
golian hove in sight. He had a bundle
in one hand and a cigar In the other.
"Just my luck," said the man with a
theory. "I alwaj-s get beaten when I
propose a game." He counted out three
collars and paid the amount to the fel
low that did have a theory, and the
four withdrew from the street to cele
brate. Hartford Courant.
Widows in the Social Sphere Head the
There is no gainsaying the fact that
the widow is the most popular woman
who flits across the maelstrom of social
j life. But the law of compensation sets
! the price on all the favors of fate, and
I the widow, liowever gloomy or shiningf
! her environments, is no exception to
the rule. Are you a loved and loving
i wife, with the strong right arm of the
best of men to shield and protect you
i from the world, and its calumny?
Then know that the removal of that
arm means j'our own transformation
i in the eyes of the world to a person
answering to an entirely different de
The world steps up higher in order to
; obtain a better point of view, and it
ferrets out the motive for action where
no motive exists, and it regards you
j with suspicion where there is no
I cause. The world has an evil eye,
and the lens through which it ob
; serves distorts the objects passing be
! fore iL The world has a vivid imagina
I tion also, and a predisposition to mis
i take its imagination for its memory. It
is one of the traits for which popularity
! compensates, or vice versa, that the
world keeps an eye on widows, and that
their every action is fraught with in
terest. In the environment of widow
hood woman must needs pay the price.
Dickens immortalized Mr. Weller by
putting in his mouth the words "Sam
ivel, leware of the vidders." The ex
pression has been handed down and
will continue to be, like any otherwise
old saw that creates capital as it goes,
even where there is small foundation to
build on. George Washington and Na
poleon Bonaparte both married widows,
each of whom had two children, a boy
and a girl, and it is also a coincidence
in history that neither of them bore
children to their illustrious lords.
KuasFt O ran pep.
A little item in the New York Con
fectioners' Journal, in which golden
! russets and small dark russets are in
cidentally stated to be
ing oranges, has called
the best keep
to our mind a
very general experience which we have
never seen referred to in print. e
buy for our own table consumption
russet oranges in preference to bright
oranges, and yet in our official work
we are in constant receipt of requests
from orange growers for methods de
stroying the rust mite. The harden
ing of the skin of the orange from the
work of the rust mite undoubtedly
keeps them jnicy, improves them for
shipment, and retards decay. The
selection of bright oranges was a fad
among growers and wholesale buyers
which did not last. The time has come
when russet oranges for shipment com
mand higher prices, and when remedial
treatment for the rust mite is only
necessary for a great excess of this
Acarid. The change in public opinion
in this matter shows that utility gov
erns even sentiment. Insect Life.
Irritability of riant.
In an address upon this subject. Prof.
Pfeffer points out that irritability is a
fundamental quality existing in all
plants, these organisms having the
same power of reaction as animals.
An increase of stimulus in plants, too,
produces a dulling of sensativeness.
At the same time a plant or plant or
gan is never sensitive to a single stim
ulus only, and different stimuli do not
produce one and the same effect in a
cell. While plants exhibit a variety of
sensibilities equal to that of animals,
the vegetable kingdom has the advan
tage in delicacy of perception, bacteria
being attracted by a billionth or trii
lionth of a milligramme of meat ex
tract or of oxj'gen. Scientific Amer
ican. When, O, Whra T
"Sh-h-li, child. Young people should
be silent when older people are talk
ing." "Then, when shall young people
talk, mamma? Old people are never
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