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About Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1894)
C W. SHE It il A.N. Publisher.
FLAT TSMOUTII. u : NFBRASITa.
The News Condensed.
Important Intelligence From All Parts.
IS the senate on the U8th ult. the tariff bill
as further discussed and Senator Hale de
clared that a plan to reconstruct the measure
was bftn secretly considered In the house
the army appropriation bill was taken up in
committee ot the whole, but an adjournment
was forced owing to the lack of a quorum.
On the 30th ult. the time in the senate was
occupied in discussing the tanfl bill.... In the
house the army appropriation bill was passed
after adopting an amendment limiting the
number of assistant adjutant generals to four.
Afteu the chaplain's openinif prayer in the
eecate on the 1st the death of Senator Stock
bridge, of Michigan, was announced and the
senate adjourned In the house no business
was transacted on account of the death of Sen
Ssnatok SyuiBE (Wash. ) delivered a speech
In the senate on the 2d in ceneral opposition to
the tar.ff bill In the house bills were Intro
duced to repeal the tax of 10 per cent, on the
circulation of state banks and to reorganize
tw affairs of the Union Paciflc Railway com
pany. A resolution was introduced to appoint
a special committee to devlso means for the
employment of the Idle men of the country, re
strict immigration, start up mines, increase
the currency and prohibit the issuing of interest-bearing
bonds without authority of con
gress. TrtE senate on the 3i passed the house bill
authorizing the wearing of a distinctive army
and navy badue on public occasions, and the
Diminution of Thomas E. Benedict, of New
York, to te public printer was conflrinei. The
tari.T bill was furtherdiscussod.... In tbo house
the time was taken tii in the consideration of
tbe river and harbor MIL Mr. Ilrckshire
(Ind.) introduce. bill providlnc '.hat no
greenbacks shall e issued of a sma'iw denom
ination than HO.
The percentages of the baseball clubs
in the national league for the week
ended on the 23th ult. were: St. Louis,
.657; Philadelphia, .750: Boston, .714;
Cleveland, .714; Baltimore, .571; Cincin
nati, .571; Pittsburgh, .420; New York,
.42'J; Brooklyn, .2SC; Louisville, .2S0;
Washington, .250; Chicago. .123.
Winchester, Va., suffered a loss of
100,000 by an iucediary fire, the second
within a month.
Fiftt of the Coxey recruits who stole
a Union Pacific train at Troutdale,
Ore, were in jail at Portland, and the
rest were imprisoned in box cars
Representative trade unionists met
at Philadelphia to form a new national
labor organization which it is intended
shall absorb all others.
Jonx Slate and Frank Storer were
crushed to death in an elevator shaft
at Warsaw, Ind., and William Shinn
was fatally injured.
A pekmaxex't commercial museum
where manufacturers can show goods
suitable for export will shortly be
opened in New York.
A new trial of the Breckinridge-Pol-lard
suit was refused by Judge Bradley
The entire division of the industrial
army marching under CoL Galvin,
who stole a train, surrendered at
Mount Sterling, O., to the sheriff.
The Vaughn library building and
contents and other buildings were
"burned at Ashland, Wis., the total loss
Mrs. Henry Ward Beecher was said
to be very poor and a benefit would be
tendered her in Brooklyn.
United States Marshal Croxaj;
was given command of 200 regular sol
diers in order to effect the arrest of
Great Northern strikers in North Da
kota. A ctclone swept over Kansas City,
Ma, doing great damage to property
and causing some loss of life.
A waierspoct in the northern por
tion of Adams county, la., did great
damage to property and twenty -three
head of cattle belonging to George C
Calkin were drowned.
A passenger train on the Burlington
road was wrecked in the northern part
of St. Louis and t-ts-o persons were
killed and several InjuretL
Near Abilene, Tex., a cyclone swept
trees, fences and outbuildings from the
face of the earth.
An anonymous letter was received
by the postmaster at Paris, Ky., giving
warning of an alleged plot against the
life of Congressman Breckinridge if he
attempted to speak in that town.
The business portion of the village of
Davidson, Mich., was practically wiped
out by fire.
Fire destroyed a block of business
buildings at Hot Springs, Ark., the lost,
J cbor Alvin Armstrong, who offered
to hang the Jury in the Indianapolis
.bank wreckers trial for 85,000, was sent
to prison for eighteen months for con
tempt of court
The Scandinavian and Finland Emi
grant company of New York, which
did an annual business of (4,000,000,
Herman Stockel, who forged notes
In excess of 16,000, was held for trial at
Galena, I1L His father, a wealthy
iarmer, died from grief.
Johnson, the burglar who shot Town
Marshal Whitney at Mis souri Valley
la., was lynched by a mob.
A decision by the supreme court in
Washington in the case of Mrs. Jennie
Campbell against the Pullman Car com
pany is in effect that transportation
companies are responsible for injuries
or indignities inflicted by employes.
Gen. Horace Porter was reelected
president of the Sons of the Revolution
at the annual congress in Washington
in which twenty-eight states were rep
resented. It was decided to offer an
nually in the schools medals for essays
on American history.
Georgs IlaDson and wife, of Ells
worth, la., while out driving were
struck by a train at a crossing and both
The Erie canal was opened for navi
gation. The public debt statement issued on
the 1st showed that the debt increased
$1,160,971 during the month of April.
The cash balance in the treasury was
f970,820,fi(0. The total debt, less the
cash balance in the treasury, amounts
to 1, 017,536.970. -
Frank Rhoxer &. Co., manufacturers
of furniture in New York, failed for
Pennsylvania populists in conven
tion at narrisburg sent greeting to
Coxey and nominated a ticket headed
by J. T. Allman, of Juniata, for gov
ernor. Br a vigorous use of clubs the Dis
trict of Columbia police prevented Cox
ey's commonwealers from invading the
capitol grounds. The general tried to
make a speech, but was hustled to his
carriage, while Chief Marshal Browne
and Capt Jones were put under arrest.
TnE children's home at Temesca,
Cal., was burned. One hundred babies
and children were safely removed.
Through the efforts of the business
men of St. Paul and Minneapolis the
Great Northern railway strike was set
tled. A treasury statement shows that
during April the receipts aggregated
122.692,304 and the disbursements $32,
072,S."6. Seven thousand unemployed men
paraded the streets of Cleveland, O.,
and several riots occurred, in which
street cars were wrecked and a number
of persons injured.
The coinage at' the United States
mint in Washington during the month
of April was: Gold, $10.14.000; silver,
$554,000; 5-cent pieces, $12,500; total
The pension disbursements for ten
months of the fiscal year amount to
5117,305, 1S4. against $133,078,345 for the
some period last year.
Two persons were burned to death
and three others fatally injured in an
explosion and fire in a New York dye
The Marietta & North Georgia rail
road shops at Marietta. together
with locomotives and cars, were de
stroyed by fire. Loss, $125,000.
II. O. Southworth, member of the
firm of Southworth &. Gratton, grocers
at Stockton, CaL, failed for $234,000.
Gen. Coxey was placed under arrest
while in court in Washington attending
the trial of his lieutenant. He declared
he and his men would remain in Wash
ington until their bills were passed.
The Lexington (Ky.) Ministerial
union passed resolutions condemning
Col. Breckinridge's course and denounc
ing his canvass for renomination to
Representative Isaac B. Tompkins.
of New Bedford, dropped dead in the
Massachusetts state house.
Henry C Brown, a millionaire aged
70 years, surprised everybody at Den
ver by marrying Miss Louisa Matthews,
a 22-year-old school-teacher.
Gen. Jacob Cox was chosen to suc
ceed ex-President Harrison as com
mander of the Loyal Legion at the ses
sion in Cincinnati.
Seven thousand of the unemployed
of Cleveland, O., wrecked a number of
business establishments and drove out
the men at work. They were dispersed
by the police after many had been in
jured. The grand council of the American
Protective association convened at Des
Latham & Co.'s tanyard and bark
mills were burned at Staunton. Va.,
the loss being $100,000.
In mass-meeting the University of
Chicago students adopted scarlet as
their color in place of the abandoned
On a ranch near Ramoh, CoL, Joseph
Ada shot and fatally wounded Mrs.
Rosa Rich during a quarrel and then
David B. Joxeb, who died near Burr
Oak, Wis., left ten wives in various
portions of the country.
Stockholders in the World's Colum
bian exposition will receive a dividend
of 10 per cent upon their holdings
Postmaster General Bissell has
made a rule that no man shall be ap
pointed postmaster who has sold liquor
in the town from which he is an appli
cant According to Commissioner of Labor
Wright there are 5,833 building and
loan associations in the country, with
net assets of $450,607,693.
The felt mill at Kenwood, N. Y.t
owned by Mrs. Sarah Townsend, was
burned, the loss being $250,000.
The association of general secreta
ries of the Young Men's Christian as
sociation of North America, represent
ing a memberhip of 300.000, met at
Cedar Rapids, la.
All the Columbian postage 6tamps
are gone except a few of the eight-cent
denomination. The entire issue dis
tributed throughout the countrv was
2, 000. 000, (WO.
Richard Thompson, aged 28, Carrie
McKibben, aged 26, and Hannah Peters,
aged 20. were drowned in the river at
Keokuk, la., by the upsetting of a skiff.
By a vote of 37 to 1 the democratic
senators in caucus adopted a resolution
agreeing to support the tariff bill of
the finance committee. The one vote
in opposition was cast by Senator Hill,
of New York.
H. H. Kohlsaat has sold his inter
est in the Chicago Inter Ocean to Wil
liam Penn Nixon for $400,000.
Mrs. Maky A. Rulison, of St. Joseph,
Mich., aged 80 years, committed suicide
by hanging. Family trouble was the
Two sons and a daughter-in-law of
Sam Gammon, who lives near Cockrell,
Ma, were killed by foul air while clean
ing out an old well.
Three hundred Coxeyites captured a
Northern Pacific freight train atOrling.
Wash., and started east
Flames in a brick factory in Cincin
nati caused a loss of $100,000.
An agreement has been entered into
by the American turf congress and
the jockey club discountenancing win
E. S. Fi'lford broke twenty straight
targets in the interstate shoot at
Springfield, O., tying the world's rec
ord, held by Young.
Miners in convention at Albia, la.,
by a vote of 65 to 55 ordered a strike.
This will take out 9,000 men.
Poles of Chicago celebrated the cen
tennial anniversary of the insurrection
against Russia with a parade and
The Hollander. Bradshaw, Folsom
company, conducting a department
store in Boston, failed for $141,000.
A report on the valuation of build
ing stones produced in the United
States during J 893 shows a decrease of
over $13,000,000 from that of 1S92.
After beinj? divorced fourteen years
Isaac A. Whitney, of St Paul, Minn.,
and Mrs. L A. Whitney, of Chillicothe,
were once more married.
PERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
Francis B. Stockbridge, of Kala
mazoo, Mich., died at the home of his
nephew in Chicago, aged 63 years. He
was elected United States senator in
1S37, and was reelected in 1893, and his
term of service would have expired
March 3, 1899.
Frank Hatton, editor of the Wash
ington Post, and postmaster general in
President Arthur's cabinet, died in
Washington from a stroke of paralysis,
aged 43 years.
The North Dakota democrats will
hold their state convention atGiatfd
Forks on June 2V
Paul J. Sorg (dem.) was elected to
congress from the Third Ohio district
Reports from fifty-five towns in In
diana show that fifty were carried by
the republicans at the municipal elec
tions and five were carried by the dem
ocrats. F. C. Layton was nominated for con
gress by the democrats of th? Fourth
district of Ohio.
Julian O. Davidson, who had achieved
fame as a marine painter, died at
Nyack. N. Y.. aged 40 years.
Georuk W. Arei.l, managing propri
etor of the Baltimore Sun, died suddec
ly from pneumonia, aged 52 years.
The Georgia populists will hold their
state convention at Atlanta May 16.
Chester I. Long was nominated by
the republicans of the Seventh Kansas
district for congress.
The Tennessee republicans will hold
their state convntion on August 21 at
Nashville to nominate a governor.
The funeral of Senator Francis
Stockbridge took place at St Luke's
church in Kalamazoo, Mich.
William Richie, the astronomer,
died at Sharon, Pa. A book on which
he had been working for tweuty-fivo !
years will be published by his niece in
Henry Edick died at the house of his
daughter, Mrs. Frank Ile?diey, in St
Joseph, Mich., at the age cf 104 years.
While the pier at Brahilov, Ron
mania, was crowded with people in hol
iday attire, bound for Galitz, on th
Danube, the structure gave way and I
200 persons were drowned.
Latest advices say that the loss of
life by the earthquakes in Greece was
piaced at 400, and there were 20,000
persons homeless from the same cause.
The Walter Wellman American ex
pedition sailed from Tromsoe to Spitz
bergen to begin the search for th
The scorpions have made their ap
pearance at Durango, Mexico, in great
er numbers and with more deadly re
sults than ever before, many deaths
havincr occurred from bites from the
Five hundred Mexican troops were
said to have been ambushed by Yaqul
Indians in the Le Bacetet mountains
and 200 either killed or wounded.
Nise villages on the island of Euboea
were destroyed by the earthquake
shocks in Greece.
An international bimetallic confer
ence, under the auspices of the Bime
tallic league, began in London.
The enormous sawmills of the arsenal
at Mourillon, France, were burned, the
loss being $1,250,000.
Another earthquake in Greece com
pleted the destruction of many houses.
No lives were reported lost
In the United States senate on the
4th an amendment to the naval appro
priation bill authorizing the construc
tion of twelve new torpedo boats was
favorably reported. The tariff bill was
further discussed. The only business
of importance transacted in the house
was the passage of the river and har
bor appropriation bill after a long dis
cussion. Trade reviews report business as
smaller in volume throughout the
Jacob Brown, a negro convict who
murdered Frank Mackin. a foreman at
the penitentiary, in 1892, was hanged
at Jefferson City, Mo.
There were 233 business failures in
the United States in the seven days
ended on the 4th, against ISO the week
previous and 216 in the corresponding
time in 1893.
A bolt of lightning struck a wire
fence in a pasture near Crown Point,
Ind., and killed eight horses which
were huddled against it
The First national bank of Sedalia,
one of the oldest financial institutions
in central Missouri, closed its doors.
The bank had a capital of $250,000.
Mrs. Dodson (colored), familiarly
known as "Aunty Dodson," died in St
Paul, aged at least 107. There were
records showing that she was 107, and
The National Stove Manufacturers
association in session in Chicago elect
ed George D. Dana, of St Louis, as
The coke strike resulted in a bloody
riot at the Painter works near Scott
dale, Pa., in which fifteen persons, in
cluding a number of women, were
shot, some of them fatally.
Mrs. Margery McIntyre, aged 73,
was burned to death in a fire which de
stroyed the Glenn house at Rochester,
The secret service of the treasury was
informed of the existence of a new and
dangerous counterfeit of the two-dollar
treasury note. It is of the series of 1891,
check letter "B." The figure "a" in the
lower rig-ht corner face of the jjenuine
is missing in the counterfeit
Mosk Fair, a negro, was hanged at
Chester, S. C, for the murder, five
years ago, of Ike Wilson, a colored
The Illinois prohibitionists in con
vention at Bloomington made the fol
lowing nominations: United States
senator. Dr. J. G. Evans, of Abingdon; :
state treasurer, J. W. Puterbaugh, of j
Mackinaw; superintendent of public in
struction, N. T. Edwards, of Kewanee. '
LAID LOW BY LEAD.
Another Terrible Riot Occurs la
the Coke Regions.
Strikers Wives Lead a Charge Against
Workers Guards Fire Cpon Rioters and
a Desperate Fight Knsues Three or
Four Killed Many Wounded.
8T30RY OF THE BATTLE.
Uniontown, Pa , May 5. One of the
bloodiest scenes in the history of the
bttike in the coke region occurred at
daybreak Friday morning at the Faint
er mines of the McClure Coke company
near Scottdale. It is thought at least
three or four persons are dead and at
least twelve others have been seriously
injured as a result of the day's conflicts.
It was a day of bullets and axes and
the wildest lawlessness reigned. In a
daylight battle at the Painter
plant fifteen Hungarians were shot,
several fatally, and at least three
dead comrades are thought to have
been carried off the battlefield
and buried secretly. Superintendent
Sauford White, of the Painter plant,
and E. B. Roddy, bookkeeper at the
same works, were horribly beaten and
both are lying at the point of deatlu
Sixty-three Slavs are now in jail
charged with rioting.
By contract with the McClure compa
ny thirty workmen reported for duty
at the Painter mines. The works had
been closed down on account of the
strike, and for several weeks
not a wheel had turned The
report that men had gone into
the mine was circulated among the
strikers and about daybreak they
began gathering on the common.
There were many women in the crowd.
They were armed with axes, hatchets,
clubs and picks. A meeting was held
at which it was decided to charge on
the worKs and bring the men out and
to place the women in the front of the
procession, so the deputies would not
A charge was made with the women
in front, the men daring the deputies
to open fire on them. They were soon
in the yards, regardless of the presence
of the deputies, and sweeping every
thing before thim. Superintendent
Sanford White urged the deputies not
to shoot, and while trying to prevent
serious trouble was knocked down by
a blow from an ax wielded by a woman
He fell to the ground unconscious and
was dealt another blow after he was
This started the battle, and for twen
ty minut-es bullets from Winchesters
and revolvers were flying on every
hand. All the deputies opened fire,
and Sanford White, who regained con
sciousness, fired his revolver into the
howling mob as he lay on his back
with the blood flowing from two horri
ble scalp wounds.
In the first eonilict fully ten Hungari
ans fell to the ground and were car
ried away to their settlement while a
great many were injured by flying mis
silos. The sight of the wounded and
the dying fulling at their sides only in
furiated the mob, which rushed on the
deputies like wild men and women.
They pounced upon White, who was
still ly in g helplers near the ovens, and
beat him into insensibility with clubs
and stones. As a Hungarian was about
to kill him with an ax James Tarr, a
deputy, knocked the Slav down with a
club. White received three very severe
scalp wounds, his skull was fractured
and he was injured internally and has
been vomiting blood ever since the bat
tle. He is thought to be fatally in
jured. As soon as White was unable to raise
his head above the ground the furious
Slavs attacked E. B. Roddy, book
keeper for the company, who has been
acting as a deputy since the strike be
gan. He was slashed twice on the
head with a hatchet and was ba.lly in
jured internally. He, too, has been
The marauders did not give up the
invasion until the last deputy had taken,
shelter in the tipple. A shower of bul
lets was poureil into them as long as
the ammunition lasted and as fast as a
Slav would fall he would be carried
away. The ammunition at last gave
out and the guards fled to the tipple for
It is impossible to tell how many
Huns were shot They were carried
away as fast as they were dropped out
of the ranks, and it is said by persons
in the riot that at least three or four
were killed outright One woman was
shot in the breast and another through
the thitfh, but both will recover.
Deputj Sheriffs Mat Allen and John
Richards took a posse of deputies and
started at once for the scene of the
riots. They found the men and wom
en all in the houses, and without meet
ing the ltast oppjMtion arrested sixty
three of those who composed the mob.
They were brought to jail here under
the protection of twenty-five Win
chesters. In the gang of prisoners
were twelve women and ten children.
At the time of the trouble thirty men
were at work, all of whom have since
quit. The works are idle.
The situation in the coke region is
alarming. The big operators say they
will start up on Monday morning re
gardless of consequences, and numer
ous repetitions of the day's bloody work
Late reports from the north end.
where the works of W. J. Rainey are
in operation, are to the effect that
armed strikers are assembling in large
numbers for the purpose of raiding the
active plants. Fears are entertained
of further scenes.
Moths dislike newspapers as mucB.
as the prepared tar paper.
Rugs when shaken should be han
dled by the middle, and not the ends.
Cauliflower used for pickles should
be prepared by first boiling the vege
table. A teaspoonftjl of powdered borax
added to cold starch will tend to give
the linen an extra stiffness.
Pole rings can be made to run easily
by rubbing the pole with kerosene un
til thoroughly smooth. -
JUDGE JENKINS CRITICISED.
Ilia Northern Pacific Injunctions Declared
to Have Been an Abuse of Power.
Washington, May 5. Representa
tive Boatner. of Louisiana, chairman
of the special committee of the judi
ciary committee of the house of repre
sentatives appointed to investigate
the Northern Pacific injunctions of
Judge Jenkins, on Friday submitted in
behalf of the majority of the investi
gating committee a report to the full
judiciary committee. The report
was discussed for two hours, but
no action was taken by the full com
mittee. The report was made the
special order of the full committee for
next Tuesday. Representative W. A.
Stone, of Pennsylvania, the republican
gnember of the sub-committee, dissents
from the majority report on the ground
that it is an attempt to make a judicial
ruling, but he has not yet submitted a
The subcommittee find that the ob
ject and purpose of both writs of in
junction was to prevent the employes
of the Northern Pacific railway from
striking; that is, withdrawing from
the service in a body, which the court
was informed by theoflicers of the road
would result in a suspension of its oper
ations, inflict great damage to the prop
erty and inconvenience to the general
The order which practically com
pelled the employes to accept a lower
rate of wages, and which prevented
the officers of the labor orgauizations
from the discharge of one of the most
important functions in their possession,
is, in the opinion of the committee, a
gross abuse of judicial authorit', with
out the warrant of law, and void.
The committee is also of the opinion
that the men had a perfect right
to withdraw from the service of
the company, singly or in a body,
ii they saw fit to do so; that they
had a lawful right to combine
to obtain the best terms of em
ployment and any error of the court
which practically deprived them of
that right is a violation of their per
sonal liberty. The injurious effect of
an exercise by them of a lawful right
on the interests of the corporation and
the public could not justly be taken
into consideration by the court
The committee finds no sufficient evi
dence to sustain aDy charges against
the judge, as he may have conscien
tiously believed that he had the power
to issue the writs complained of and
that a proper occasion for the exercise
of this power was presented.
The committee recommends, how
ever, that, to set at rest any doubt on
the subject a prohibitory statute be en
acted which will prevent a recurrence
of such orders. It also recommends
the enactment of a statute defining and
limiting the powers of United States
judges in proceedings for contempt.
It also recommends that a statute be
enacted which will declare the causes
for which a railroad receivership may
be ordered in the United States courts.
Milwaukee, May 5. Judge Jenkins
firmly refuses to break the silence
which be has resolutely maintained
ever since the first move to investigate
bis judicial conduct was begun. It is
undet stood that he considers the
whole proceeding beneath his notice.
CHANGE IN THE INCOME TAX.
Proposed to Eliminate the Iuqulsitorial
Feature of the Measure.
Washington, May 5. Senator Vest
(Mo.) offered the democratic caucus
amendments to the tariff bill providing
for a change in the income tax feature
of the bill. It does not change the tax
of 2 per cent nor the amount at which
incomes should be subject to tax, leav
ing it at S4.000 and upward. The ob
ject of the amendments is to relieve
individual investors in corporations
of the charge where their net in
comes do not exceed f-,000, but to
have the profits of the corporation
taxed. It is also proposed to eliminate
the iuquisitorial features of the income
tax. Instead of compelling the indi
vidual to exhibit his books and papers
the assessor may estimate the amount
of the income, and the person so as
sessed may appear and prove that he
has been assessed too high, if such is
An important amendment is made to
section 55, which is as follows:
Provided, also, that In compiling the income
of any person, corporation, company or associa
tion there shall not be included the amount re
ceived from any corporation, company or asso
ciation at interests or dividends upon the bonds
or stock of such corporation, company or asso
ciation if the tax of 2 per cent, has been paid
upon its net prolits by said corporation, com
pany or association as required by this act."
The clause in paragraph 53 requiring
estimates to be made upon the shares
of persons in the gains or profits of com
panies in levying the income tax is
stricken out 'ihe intention of these
amendments is to prevent double taxa
tions. Amendments are made to section 65,
providing for returns of corporations so
us to include companies and associa
tions and place them upon the same
terms under the law as corporations.
Matched tt Trot Two Miles.
Buffalo, N. Y.. May 5. The much-talked-of
2-mile trotting match for the
championship of the world between C.
J. Hamlin's Nightingale ('i:10) and I.
ii. Udell's Greenlander (2:12) has been
made. A ?500 forfeit has been posted
bv both owners. The conditions will
be best two in three for S3.000. The
race to take place during the circuit
races at Buffalo in August Nightin
gale last year placed the 2-mile record
at A:Z'V4, "which Greenlander later re
duced to 4:32. Both of these records
were against time.
Don't give a good horse a second
Be kind to the colts and you will have
A iiARBLE shaft is to be erected over
the grave of Dictator.
Paris killed last year 11,803 old
horses for roasts and soups-
Standard-bred trotters that can't
trot are poor property for any breeder
to stock up with.
Care and feed are just as important
factors as pedigree in raising trotting
stock at a profit
BE SURE OF THESE WORDS.
Reeking," Deslcrated" and "Lurid" May
Sot Mean What You Think.
The old dictionary sell about "tran
pire" and "perspire" is still worked
with so much assiduity as to lead one
to suppose that there is none other to
be had. But there are others quite aa
pood. Take three words "Reeking,
"desiccated," and "lurid." and ask
your friends what they understand by
"Reeking?" one will say. "Why, reek
ing means dripping with moisture,
fcoaked with wet"
Another will say that it means
"slippery, slimy; as with filth." "Reek
ing with filth. Having a pungent, un
If j-ou can get a bet that the word
does not mean anything of the kind,
take it. It is sure money. If he won't
bet j'OuTl have almost as much pleasure
in noting his surprise when 3ou tell
him that "reeking" means "smoking,
steaming." A chimney can reek, or a
new pipe can reek. When a horse
reeks with moisture, it is because its
flanks smoke and steam. Jean Igelow
No Same did Hash or fair blue reek
lioso up to show me his place
That is the surest catch-word of the
three. "Desiccated" is pretty good,
though. Nine out of every ten will in
stantly'say that the word means: "Chop
ped up into little bits. Smashed up in
pieces." In this word, as in 'reeking,"
the process of change from the real
meaning can be traced. Anything very
wet would reek in frosty weather,
so the wetness was assumed to be the
real characteristic of reek. Pretty
much the only articld in common use
to which the adjective "desiccated" is
applied is cocoanut prepared for use in
cakes and pies. It is chopped up in
small bits. But it is chopped up that
it may be thoroughly dried, and "thor
oughly dried" is the only proper mean
ing. "Lurid" is a word little better known.
Ask a man what color lurid is and he
may answer correctly, but the chances
are that he will say "red, flaming,
orange or bright yellow." Of course,
lurid means smoky or dull color. Lon
don fog is lurid; thick, suffocating
smoke is lurid. Lurid and livid are al
most s-nonymous. "Lurid flames' are
flames almost choked with smoke. A
lurid sunset is not a brilliant one, but
one dull and gray and cheerless. St.
THE FLYING MACHINE.
A New Light Cpon a Very Popular Hut
It seems to be impossible for any
machine, natural or artificial, of greater
weight than at most a few hundred
pounds, to lift itself straight up in the
air, or even to maintain itself it the
same place like a hovering bird, by the
j force of propellers alone and without
the aid of a balloon. Therefore, there
must 1m some device other than, or in
addition to, propellers to raise the ma
chine in the act of starting. But ob
serve, I said straight up. Many birds
can not rise so. They must rise at
very gentle incline. They must get
onward motion before their wing's can
get full effect on the air. It is said
that the mode of taking the condor is
to build a pen, say, forty to fifty feet
in diameter and six feet high, and put
a carcass in the middle of it. The
condor alights, but can not again
rise at an angle which will take
him over the fence. Many heavy
bodied, short-winged ducks rise from
the water at so small an angle that
they must use both feet and wings for
thirty to forty feet in order to get on
ward motion enough to give effective
ness to their wings by coming in con
tact with larger masses of still air, as
already explained. It follows, there
fore, that the flyinjr machine must
have some station device to start it. It
may be an elevator, but more probably
it will be machine rollers on a rail
way. With ieroplane spread and slight
ly inclined and propellers directed a
tittle backward, velocity might be got
sufficient to sustain and finally with
the help of the propellers to raise the
machine. As far as I can learn, this is
the plan of Maxim. Prof. Joseph Le
Conte, in Popular Science Monthly.
Freaks of Southern Sand Storms.
Strange freaks are played by wind
blown sands in the New Mexico river
calleys and mountain canyons. In the
eanyons one.raaj' see cliffs and natural
tone pillars cut into fantastic forms
by the natural sand blasts formed by
the winds sucking up and down these
narrow passes. In broad river valle3-s,
the Rio Grande especially, great areas
of sand hills are seen tossed up like
giant waves of a sea. These shift their
position slowly, travelling in the direc
tion of the prevailing winds, until they
scatter on the plain or encouuter some
obstruction, such as a mountain side,
against which they heap. Not only
valuable lands, but towns may be
buried in this invading element. Thus
along the Pecos river, at distances from
twenty to forty miles below the town
of Eddy, in southeastern New Mexico,
there are five old deserted pueblos or
villages built by ancient agricultural
Indians, which, it is estimated, once
contained a population of from ten
thousand to fifteen thousand people.
Now the villages are nearly buried in
sand blown from the hills that bound
the valley. Vestiges of a canal to these
towns have been discovered leading
from a canyon near by which once fur
nished water, but is now filled with,
sand. N. Y. Sun.
Only Kelatlves Parred.
Mouldy Mike We ll live on th'fat o'
th. land soon. In th town we're com
in' to there's a asylum where all us
fellers is welcome. It was founded by
a rich woman, and all us tramps takes
it in every time.
Wearie William- Why didn't she
leave her money to her relatives?
Mouldy Mike She said she wasn't
goin' to support idle relatives that was
able to work fer a livin'. N. Y. Weekly.
The French government annually
appropriates thirty million dJlars for
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