Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901, April 12, 1894, Image 4

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pattsmoutlx journal
C W. KIir.RMAN. Tabllchrr.
The News Condensed.
Important Intelligence From All Parts.
Kesular Session.
ON tbe Slst ult the senate was not in session
.... In the house bills were introduced tor the
free and unlimited coinage of sliver dollars of
4134 grains and for an additional district Judge
for the Northern district of Illinois. The river
and harbor bill wm reported, and the re
mainder of the day was devoted to eulogies
upon the lifo, character and public services of
the late Representative O'Neill, of Pecnsyl
vania. In tbe senate on the 2d Senator Voorhees
(dem.. Ind.) opened the tariff debate and in
lis speech denounced the protective system of
tariff taxation. The nominations of Thomas
K. Benedict, of New York, to be public printer,
and James D. Yoemuns, of Iowa, to be inter
state commerce commissioner, were received
from tbe president.... In the house a fruitless
attempt was made to secure a quorum in or
der to brtnif the O'Neill-Joy contested election
cae to a close.
Senator Aixisos opened the tariff debate
for the republicans In tbe senate on the 3d, and
tie gave an outline of some of the main objec
tion w hich will be urged against the bill. A
resolution directing the finance committee to
prepare a bill for the repeal of all laws which
pive the secretary of the treasury authority to
issue interest-bearing bonds was presented....
In the bouse the democrats seated John J.
O'Neill as the representative from St. Louis In
place ot Charles F. Joy.
A Blix was passed in the senate permitting
horse racing in tbe District of Columbia, but
prohibiting pool selling and book making. Sen
ator Allison concluded his speech on the tariff
bUL S-'nator Mills followed, confining him
self chlelly to a defense of the ad valorem sys
tem.... In the house the committee on banking
and currency reported in favor of subjecting
greenbacks to state and municipal taxation.
The effort to pass the seigniorage bill over the
president's veto failed by a vote of 116 to 114.
Mr. Hil. born (rep.), of California, was unseated
in favor of Mr. English (dem).
Is the senate on the 5th Senator Hill (N. Y. )
gave notice that on the 9th he would submit a
few remarks on the pending tariff bill. A reso
lution to reduce by per cent, all official in
comes not protected by the statutes of the
United States was referred to the Judiciary
committee. After a short debate on the bill
appropriating il.WJO.OOO for the destruction of
the Russian thistle the tariff bill was further
discussed In the house the urgent deficiency
bill, wtlch carries something over 11.000,000,
was passed, and the post office appropriation
bill was discussed.
Kobbeks secured 53,200 from the safe
of the township treasurer at Frank
fort, Mich.
XV. It. a well-to-do fanner
of Ilurd county, Ga,, shot his wife and
then shot himself fatally.
Miss Axms Van Dokn, of Passaic, N
nas lust discovered that she was
married to the wrong man in lb'J'Z while
under the influence of drugged liquor.
Five tramps were thought to have
perished in a fire which destroyed the
Rock Island hay barns at Geneseo, I1L
Because a tag was pinned to his coat
John Williams stabbed Walter John
son to death at a revival meeting ia
Olive, O.
Competition and a falling off in busi
ness caused the collapse of the brewing
pool made up in September, l&yi
Three men were burned to death in
a summer cottage at Squantum Beach,
Diking a riot at a political meeting
in Milwaukee half a dozen men were
stabbed. The trouble was started by
Polish laborers.
The regular monthly treaury state
ment for March shows that the total
receipts were 24,&42,797, against $34,
115.S09 for March, 1S93. The disburse
ments were 131,137.520, against $31,633.
4S2 for March, 1S93, leaving a deficiency
for the month of March of $6,294,703,
and for the nine months of the present
iiscal year of $55,432,027.
The visible supply of grain in the
United States on the 2d was: Wheat,
71,536,000 bushels; corn. 18,539,000 bush
els; oats, 2,713,000 bushels; rye, 415,000
bushels: barley, 636,000 bushels.
Fire which started in a flourmill at
Borden, Ind., burned six stores and
eighteen residences, causing a loss of
Font hunirej drunken strikers ter
rorized the town of East Liverpool, O.,
and non-union men were beaten and
the police cowed.
Moroni Dttncan, a stockman, former
ly owner of the Bock Springs (Wyo,)
Review, perished in a blizzard which
swept over that state.
Holland English was taken from
the jail at Bakersville, Va,, by a mob
and hanged. He was charged with
killing his wife.
In a boiler explosion near Tompkins--ville,
Ind., Alex Ritter, the owner of
the mill, and two brothers named Fow
ler were killed instantlj
Striking mill operatives at Paterson,
N. J., attacked five working women,
but a squad of police rescued the de
fenseless party.
Four members of the Louisville (Ky. )
city council were indicted for bribery
and perj'ury.
Champion Cobbett says that Jack
son will put np a defensive fight and
will be beaten inside of twenty rounds
1 he decomposed body of Rev. M.
an, a traveling evangelist claiming
.Richmond, Va, as his home, was found
xiddled with bullets near Homer, Tenn.
Bill Dalton. the famous outlaw,
was fatally shot in a fight with officers
in the Indian territory.
The residence of a Mr. Trice at Kent
ville, Ind-, was burned, and his three
children perished in the flames.
Christopher Wilkie ana Henry
Wells, farmers living at Columbus, I1L,
killed themselves with poison. They
made an agreement to take their own
lives several weeks ago, owing to ill
Four thousand painters and paper
hangers is Chicago struck against a re
duction of fvageti.
Ix a fight between Indians and white
settlers in the Cheyenne country west
of El Reno two white men and five In
dians were killed.
The public debt statement issued on
the 3d showed that the debt increased
$13, 786,063 during the month of March.
The cash balance in the treasury was
$133.y50,04.,. The total debt, less the
cash balance in the treasury, amounts
to $1,033,035,138.
Notice of a cut in the wages of train
men has been issued by the Wabash,
road, to take effect May L
Nonunion dyers in Paterson, N. J.
were waylaid and badly beaten by
armed strikers.
Gov. Tillman, of South Carolina,
issued a proclamation taking absolute
control of the police forces of the towns
in the state.
The Connellsville (Pa) coke region
was convulsed by a labor war and from
one eud of the territory to the other
rioting and disorder held full 6way,
Human life was in danger and the de
struction of property was being car
ried on on every hand.
Rev. L M. Babcock, a retired lec
turer, was suffocated to death by a Bos
ton fire.
The six -story building of Tichnor &
Jacobi at Rochester, N. Y.,was burned.
the loss being 5300,000.
Bitter animosities that have existed
at Kansas City, Ma, between the Amer
ica.i Protective association and the
Catholics culminated in a pitched bat
tie at the polls in which two men were
killed, two fatally injured and two
others wounded.
Troops were ordered to the Cheyenne
country, where the Indians and cow
boys were fighting.
The Nauvoo Fruit company of St.
Louis has been compelled to destroy
over 400,000 fruit trees that have been
injured by the weather and insects.
Because he persisted in singing
'After the Ball," Ben Miller was prob
ably fatally stabbed by William
Dierkes, a (juincy (111.) saloonkeeper.
While fighting Imaginary thieves in
his sleep Elmer Mitchell, of Crosby
Tex., seized a revolver and killed his
An incendiary fire destroy ed the busi
ness portion of Hartford, Kan., a town
of 2,000 people.
Mrs. Augusta Schmidt, a wealthy
resident of Kokomo, Ind., was found
guilty of killing Oscar Walton, one of
her tenants, and sentenced to ten years
imprisonment in the woman's reforma
tory at Indianapolis.
Coxey's army was in a state of siege
at Allegheny City. Pa Thirty of his
men were arrested as vagrants and sent
to the workhouse.
Bv an unexplained explosion the
house of Joseph Kallas in Oil City, Pa,
was demolished and Kallas and two of
his children and Mary Tasmer were
killed and Mrs. Kallas and her babe
were fatally injured.
Patrick Eugene Prendehgast, sen
tenced to hang for the murder of Car
ter II. Harrison in Chicago, was given
a stay of sentence until Monday, July
2, pending his trial for sanity, which
will commence May 21.
A courier from the scene of the In
dian troubles in the Cheyenne country
said thirty men, half of them Indians,
were killed in the recent fight and a
general war was feared.
In honor of his 90th birthday Gen.
George W. Jones, of Dubuque, first
United States senator from the state of
Iowa, was received by the general as
sembly at Des Moines as a guest of the
Judge Wiley has decided that the
drainage law of Indiana is unconstitu
tional. Thousands of acres of swamp
lands are involved.
The detectives of the treasury de
partment in Washington discovered
dangerous counterfeits of $10 and $20
bills in circulation.
Burglars attempted to rob the store
of George Weiriek at Palestine, Ind.
lie Killed two oi them and wounded a
Mrs. William Raymond and her three
children were carried into the river at
Cherokee, Miss., by a frantic horse and
while trying to force a passage
througn the straits of Mackinac the
steamer Minneapolis, loaded with 43,-
577 bushels of wheat, went down.
P. V. Dwyer & Bros., tbe leading
firm of plumbers and gas fitters in St.
Paul, failed for $115,000; assets, $61,000.
.Mne men were killed outright and a
dozen more seriously if not fatally
wounded in the riots in the mining
regions near Connellsville, Pa
Mrs. Sarah Morris, of Union town
ship, Ind., whose husband and child
were murdered by Cheyenne Indians in
18G3, has sued them through the United
States government for S20.000.
Three hundred miners in the Mas-
siilon (O.) district were reported starv
ing. A barn belonging to George Rhodes.
a farmer near Sedalia, Mo., was burned
and eighteen hcrses and mules were
The large livery stable of John
White at West Troy, N. Y., was burned
and twenty-six valuable horses per
The murderous coke strikers in Penn
sylvania were intimidated by the kill
iugof several of their number by deputy
.sheriffs and it ivas thought the strike
was practically over.
iiik Massachusetts senate by a vote
of 23 to IS defeated the woman suffrage
bill that passed the house.
i atiikk James A. Walter, the best-
known Catholic clergyman in Washing
ton, dropped dead while preparing to
answer a sick call.
Gov. Tillman has issued a proclama
tion announcing that the South Caro
lina insurrection is at an end.
Gov. Flower, of New York, has
signed the bill making hazing a felony.
Col. Breckinridge formally closed
his defense in the Pollard case in Wash
ington. The rebuttal testimony was
very damaging to him.
Robbers wrecked the safe in the post
office at Hicksrille, O., and secured $3,
000 in cash and stamps.
By the capsizing of their boat four
fishermen were drowned in the Chatta
hoochie river at Columbus, Ga
Joseph Reich, who deserted his fam
ily ten years ago in Austria was con
fronted by his wife in Chicago a few
moments after he was married to an
other woman.
Robbers stole $15,000 from a bank in
Eldorado, Kan.
Flames at Lancaster, N. Y., wiped
out a great portion of the business sec
tion of the town. Loss, $100,000.
Judge Caldwell's decision in the
Union Pacific wage conference at
Omaha favors the employes at every
point. J
The concentrating plant land hoist
ing works of the Horn silver mine at
Frisco, U. T., were destroyed by fire,
the loss being $100,000.
Wisconsin's new law, now in effect,
abolishes the customary three day's
grace on notes. Commercial paper must
be met on the day it falls due.
Coxky's army fought its way out of
Allegheny City, Pa, and marched to
Homestead. It numbered COO men.
Mrs. Cornelia Frances Coster, who
died in New York, left a will directing
that her entire fortune of 11,000,000 be
devoted to building a mausoleum in
Woodlawn cemetery.
Patrick Walsh, editor of the Au
gusta (Ga) Chronicle, was appointed
by Gov. Northen to fill the vacancy in
the United States senate caused by the
death of Senator Co lquitt-
Ix the municipal elections through
out Illinois the republicans were suc
cessful in fifty-nine towns and the
democrats in sixteen. In Chicago the
republicans will have a majority of
sixteen in the common council. In
Wiscsnoin the republicans carried forty
out of fifty-three towns and elected
their entire ticket in Milwaukee. In
Minnesota fifteen out of twenty cities
elected republican officials.
At the city election in Spring Hill,
Kan., women were elected to fill all of
the municipal offices, including mayor,
councilmen and police judges.
Ohio democrats nominated Paul J.
Sorg, the millionaire tobacco manufac
turer, to succeed the late George XV.
llouk in congress from the Third dis
trict. Likut. Gov. Jonas, of Wisconsin, re
signed to accept a consulship to St. Pe
tersburg. Miss Mary Ida Phares is the first
woman notary public in New Jersey.
Loren A. Thurston, Hawaiian min
ister to the United States, and Miss
Harriet Potter were married at St. Jo
seph, Mich.
Frank Hanlon, one of the noted
II anion brothers, actors and acrobats,
died at Plymouth, N. H.
Further advices from the Rhode
Island election give Gov. Brown (rep.)
a plurality of 6,153. The senate stands:
Republicans, 33; democrats, 3. The
house: Republicans, 09; democrats, 3.
Senor Borgono has assumed the pres
idency of Peru, the first vice president
declining the office.
Numerous riots occurred among the
starving residents of Andalusia Spain.
Margaret Walber, 53 years of age,
was executed in Walton jail at Liver
pool, England, for the murder of her
husband last November.
The Land Securities company of Lon
don, formed thirty years ago, failed for
Prof. Brown-Sequard. the eminent
physician and physiologist, known
chiefly to the world at large as the dis
coverer of the so called "elixir of life,"
died in Paris, aged 70 years.
Three persons were injured by tho
explosion of a bomb in a restaurant in
A fire at Shanghai, China burned
1,000 houses.
Seven persons were killed and sev
eral seriously injured by jumping from
the windows cf a burning hotel in
Don Rafael Ygi.esias, the liberal
candidate, was elected to the presi
dency of Costa Rico in succession to
Don Jose Rodriguez.
An earthquake shock did damage to
the towns and villages on the Pacific)
coast of the isthmus of Tehaunteptc
By the collapse of a mine near Bres
lau, Germany, eleven men were killed.
A resolution introduced by Senator
Wolcott, looking to the drafting of a
treaty with Mexico by which the United
States should coin silver dollars at its
mints, was discussed in the United
States senate on the 6th. Senator
Peffer spoke on the tariff. A petition
was presented from the millers of St.
Louis praying for the retention of the
reciprocity clause of the McKinley law.
In the house the time was occupied in
discussing the post office appropriation
bilL The evening session was devoted
to pension bills.
Daniel BAuen celebrated his 105th
birthday at his home near JerTerson-
ville. Ind.
According to Bradstreet's trade was
irregular throughout the country, but
improving. Unseasonable weather af
fected general business.
An Indianapolis doctor discovered
diphtheria bacilli on the cover of a pub
lic library book.
There were 2-49 business failures in
the United States in the seven days
ended on the 6th, against 233 the
week previous and 195 in the corre
sponding time in 1893.
Simeon Mantell, a wealthy farmer
at Lebanon, Ind., was swindled out of
$2,100 by confidence men.
It was discovered that school fund
commissioners of Kansas had paid out
thousands of dollars for worthless
James Gordon Bennett has pur
chased the yacht Vigilant and will race
the Valkyrie and Britannia in English
In granting a modification of his
Northern Pacific order Judge Jenkins,
of Milwaukee, asserts that courts have
power to interfere in strikea
Dan Ahren, a negro, was lynched at
Greensboro, Ga, for assaulting Mra
Chambers, a helpless old woman.
Both houses of the Iowa legislature
adjourned sine dia
Abram Felteb, more than 100 years
old? was killed by a train of cars at
Warsaw, Ind.
J. L. Wyrick, Thomas Brady and
Albert ' Mansker, train robbers who
killed Conductor McNally at Oliphant,
November 3, 1S03, were hanged at
Newport, Ark., on one scaffold.
Michael Mastropietro, head of a
New Jersey Italian bank, has left the
country owing depositors 20,000.
Statistics compiled in New York
for the last three months show a de
crease of immigration of nearly 40 per
cent, compared with last year. The
number for the last quarter was 29,292,
while that of last year was 49,626.
They Are Upheld In a Decision
by Judge CaldwelL
The Employes Favored at Every Point In
the Union Pacific Case The Old Sched
ule of Wage Is Restored
by the Ileclsion.
Omaha, Neb., April 7. Judge Cald
well's decision in the Union Pacific
wage schedule case has been rendered
and is a complete victory for
the employes. Judge Caldwell's de
cision puts the old schedule of
wages in force again. The em
ployes had been restrained from strik
ing against a reduction made by the
receivers by an injunction similar to
the famous order of Judge Jenkins in
the Northern Pacific case. The men
fought the injunction in court and the
result was the decision.
The United States courtroom was
thronged with railroad men who lis
tened intently to the reading of the
opinion, which was very lengthy, com
prising over 4,000 worda Judge Cald
well says:
"Tbe relation of these men to the company
and their rate of wages were determined in tho
main Ly certain written rules, regulations and
schedules, some ot which had been In force for
more than a quarter of a century, and
all of which had been in force substantially
as they stand to-day for a period of
eight years and more. These rules, regula
tions and schedules were the result of free and
voluntary conferences held from time to time
between tbe managers of the railroad and the
ofUcors and representatives of the several labor
organization of tbe men in the different sub
divisions or branches of the service.
"Among the rules and regulation referred to
and in operation w hen the receivers were ap
pointed was one to the effect that no change
should be made In the rules and regulations
and the rate of wages without first giving to
the labor organizations, whose members would
be affected by such change, thirty days' notice
or other reasonable notice."
Judge Caldwell then recites how the
receivers went into court last January
to force a reduction on the schedule of
weges, and states all the legal steps
taken down to and including the hear
ing just ended.
Judge Caldwell then goes on to say
that when a court of equity takes
upon itself the conduct and operation
of a great line of railroad the men en
gaged in conducting the business and
operating the road become the em
ployes of the court, and are subject to
its orders in all matters relating to
the discharge of their duties and en
titled to its protection, and adds:
"An essential and Indispensable requisite to
the safe and successful operation of the road Is
the employment of sober, intelligent, experi
enced and capable men for that purpose. When
a road comes under the management of a court
In which the employes are conceded to possess
all these quaiincaiioss and that conces
sion is made In the fullest manner
here the court will not, on l&ht or trivial
grounds, dispense with their services or reduce
their waces. And when the schedule of wages
In force at the time the court assumes the man
agement of the road Is the result of a mutual
agreement between the company and the em
ployes which has been in force for years, tbe
court will presume the schedule is reasonable
and just, and anyone disputing that presump
tion wlU be required to overthrow It by satis
factory proof.
"This, the court contends, has not been done
by the receivers, although they had all recom
mended that a cut De made. It is the court'
belief that the receivers made the request
ignorautly, as only one of them is a
practical railroad man, and their opinions
upon the subject of wages eched
tiles is confessedly of little value The court
febares In their anxiety to have an economical
administration of this trust to the end that
those that own the property and hare Hens up
on it may get out of It what Is fairly their due.
"But to accomplish this desirable result the
wages ot the men must net be reduced below
a reasonable and just compensation for
their services. They must be paid fair
wages, though no dividends are paid on the
stock and no interest paid on tbe bonds,
"It is a part of the public history of the coun
try, of waich the court will take Judicial no
tice, that for the first f3a.u00.0OJ of stock is
sued this company received less than 2 cents
on tbe dollar, and the profit of construction
represented by outstanding bonds was H2,8:S,-
"There would seem to be no equity In reduc
ing the wages of employes below what Is rea
sonable and just in order to pay dividends on
stock and interest on bonds of this character.
The recommendation of the receivers to
adopt their schedules cannot be accepted
by the court for another reason. The schedule
was adopted without affording to the men or
their representatives any opportunity to be
heard. This was in violation of the agreement
existing between the company and the men,
by the terms of which no change of tbe sched
ules was to be mode wltbout notice to the men
and granting them a hearing. This waa a fun
damental error.
"The receivers were the first to break the
contract between the court and its em
ployes, but It the converse had been the
case tbe court could not have directed or en
joined the men to continue In its service.
Specific performance ef a contract to
render personal service cannot be en
forced by injunction, by pains and penalties or
by any other means. The period of compulsory
personal service, save as s punishment
for crime, has passed in this country.
In this country It is not unlawful for
employes to associate, consult and confer
together with a view to maintain
or increase their wages, by lawful and peaceful
means, any more than It was unlawful for the
receivers to counsel and confer together for the
purpose of reducing tbefr wagea A corpora
tion is organized capital: organized labor is
organized capital: what is lawful for one to do
la lawful for the other to do.
"In the opinion of the court the allowances
made by tbe schedules now In force are just
and equitable. The employes, under the
present system, share the burdens of di
minished business. When property Is in
tbe custody of receivers the law de
clares it to be a contempt of the
court appointing them for any person to
Interfere with the property or with the men In
their employ. No Injunction order can make
uch unlawful interference any more of a con
tempt than the law makes it without such
"Such orders have an Injurious tendency, be
cause they tend- t -create the Impression
among men that It Is not an offense to In
terfere with property In possession of re
ceivers or with tae men In their em
ploy unless they hare been especially en
joined from so doing. Thl9 Is a dangerous de
lusion. To the extent that a special injunction
Can go in this class of cases the law itself im
poses an injunction. For thin reason no ln
Junctional order will be entered In this case. '
R O BBED OF SI5.000.
Kxrhnnge National of, tbe
Loser Offer a Reward of 84.O0O.
Eldorado, Kan., April 7. It has just
been learned that the Exchange na
tional bank of this city was robbed a
day or two ago of $15,000, but the officers
succeeded in keeping it secret in the
hope of catching the robbers. They
failed in the latter effort and the rob
bery became known. There was no
force used in the vault and the robber
is supposed to have known the combi
nation. The directors have made good
the deficit and offered a reward of
4,000 for the capture of the thief OB
thieves and return of the money.
Merits of tbe
Measure Discussed by the
On the 2d Senator Voorhees (dem., Ind.)
opened the tariff debate In the senate. He de
nounced the protective system of tariff taxa
tion as developed and fastened upon the busi
ness and labor of the American people, es
pecially during the third of a century past,
growing worse at every stage, as a system of
Indescribable injustice and oppression, yet,
said he, all of its vicious principles and work
ings, ramified as they are through every
branch of trade and commerce, cannot be an
nihilated by a single blow or totally wiped out
by a single legislative enactment. For the bUl
now-under such claim is made,
but in its behalf can be truthfully asserted, and
will be successfully maintained, that it accom
plishes a great work in the field of tariff reform.
He challenged "tbe attention of the senate and
the country to the great and commanding fact
that by the provisions of this bill the seeming
paradox of a reduction of taxes and at the same
time an incre aae of public revenues will be rec
onciled when It becomes a law. It is enough
to say that we have liberalized American mar
kets, made them more accessible to tbe
trafflo of the world. and, while not
establishing free trade, we have made trade
freer and more even-handed between the manu
facturer and the consumer. But over and
above and beyond this wide and well-known
field of extortion and injustice, it will be found
from the schedules of this bill that the tariff
taxes now officially ascertained and paid under
existing law on the wants, necessities and
daily consumption of the laboring men, women
and children of the United Slates have been
reduced more than "a.OuO.OOO per annum. To
this must be added tbe further imposing fact
that the bill provides for a full and ample
revenue, largely in excess of present supplies,
with which to meet all the requirements of tho
public credit Such a consummation as this,
so full of relief to the people, and of strength,
safety and honor to the government, may well
atone for the Imperfections and shortcomings
alleged against the pending measure, and will
constitute the rock on which the temple of
tariff reform will be built, and against which.
In the ameliorated future, the gates of avarice,
oppression and fraud shall not prevail."
Senator Voorhees defended the ad valorem
system as fairer, honester and more easily un
derstood than specific duties. He said: "Ab
solute free trade In sugar Is an attractive
theme, but no such thing has ever existed for a
single hour since the organization of this gov
ernment. A. moderate duty has always been
Imposed on sugar and it has always been a
stanch revenue support to the government. "
Concerning the whisky feature, he claimed at
all times to have favored an increased tax for
the purposo of securing a sufficient support of
the government with as light a tax as possible
on the necessaries of life. The revenue raised
from distilled spirits, the purchase and con
sumption of which was never a necessity of
life, was to him a deep gratification, the mors
so as ia),0O0,OJ0 of the surplus accruing under
the bill would be furnished by tbe tax on
Speaking of the proposed income tax, which
be warmly upholds. Senator Voorhees said:
The proposition contained in the pending
bill to levy a tax of 2 per cent on all net in
comes of corporations and of Individuals In ex
cess of 14,000 per annum Is so just and equita
ble toward tbi; hardworking taxpayers of
meager resources throughout the entire coun
try that not a word in its defense or explana
tion would seem necessary here or anywhere
On the 3d Senator Allison (rep., Ia.) gave an
outline of some of the main objections which
will be urged against the bill, took up many of
Voorhees' statements and vigorojsly replied
to them. Analyzing the destructive prin
ciples on which the bill was constructed,
he cited the growth and development of
the country under a protective system
as an illustration of the benefits of that sys
tem. He commented upon the fact that the
government had always avoided excise from
Internal revenue taxes except for war purposes,
remarking that the Internal revenue to-day was
bringing in just about enough to pay pensions,
which were a war expenditure in reality. Now,
he said, the democratic majority proposes to
return to the internal revenue system and ex
pand it in time of peace.
In his discussion of the practical effect of the
proposed legislation Senator Allison recalled
how In 1833, when the controversy over the tariff
was fiercest, the southern free traders them
selves had proposed no such sudden and sweep
ing change as do their brethren of to-day. He
recalled Henry Clay's provision that where the
ad valorem prevailed it should be on ihe home
valuation and not on foreign valuation.
Senator Allison said that at the proper time
he should offer an amendment that the valua
tion should be that of leading cities In the
United States, instead of that which under the
bill as represented by the majority the foreign
exporters would put on their own goods. In
ciuentally he showed how unjustly the ad
valorem duties would operate against American
farmers along the Canadian border. He
gave his belief that If the propositions of the
majority of the committee were carried out as
to ad valorem valuations an infinite number of
new offices would have to be created, because
the appraisers and special examiners at the
customs ports would have to be multiplied In
definitely. On the 4ih Mr. Allison resumed his speech,
devoting his remarks to the departure from
specific to ad valorem duties, and pointed out
the inconsistency of retaining specific duties on
some articles and the ad valorem system on
others In response to a question Senator
Allison declared that he intended to vote for
free sugar, both raw and refined, as it was in the
bill when it came from the house, and then he
would propose an amendment replacing tbe
bounty on sugar as It was in the McKinley law.
He criticised the alcoholic schedule as impos
ing a great hardship upon many industries and
denounced the plan to make up a deficit by
levying a tax on sugar and incomes He as
serted that he should not knowingly contribute
by this bill or any other to the promoting of
the interests of Great Britain at the sacrifice
of the Interests of his own country.
Mr. Mills (dem.. Tex.) followed, confining
himself chiefly to a defense of the ad valorem
system. Mr. Mills said: "We cannot pass our
bill without making some concessions, t am
between the devil and the deep sea, and when
It is a question of going to the devil, by keep
ing the McKinley law. or of going to sea. and
there must be some favorable wind to blow me
back to land, I am going to sea."
Report of a Wrecking Captain on the Ill
Fated IVarshlp Ktartare.
I?osTON, April 4. "There was noth
ing left of the brave old Kearsarg-e but
two borders which had been washed
ashore." This was the manner
in which Capt XV. H. Hum
phrey, treasurer of the Boston
Tow-Boat company, described the
wreck of the renowned old battleship
when be arrived with hU force at Iion
cador reef. The men we saw there
were trying to j?et copper out of the
timbers of the Kearsarffe, and one of
them said that two or three weeks be
fore that time the vessel was all riffht.
None of them said, however, they knew
anything' of who the parties were who
who had burned it"
Justice Bbewkb, of the United
States supreme court, is in charge of
the Bible class in the First Congrega
tional church of Washington.
Yang Yu, the Chinese minister at
Washing-ton, is cutting a very wide
wath. His costume, carriage and
mansion outshine those of any other
Justice White is one of the largest
individual sugar planters rn Louisiana.
Last year over three million pounds of
sugar were manufactured on his plantation.
Dan and Hiadstreet Take Different Views
of the Situation.
New Yokk, April 9. R. G. Dun &
Co.'s review says:
"Improvement In business has continue!
since the president's veto, which has been
sustained in the house, but the best news of
the week Is tbe great decrease In the num
ber and importance of the failures.
The number was 2.0W) in January,
1,802 in February and 1.005 In March. The
commercial liabilities were f3l,320,8-;7 In Janu
ary, 117,930,119 In February and fl4.73d,S3 in
March. Nearly half the commercial liabilities
were of firms falling during the first month:
much more than half of the trading liabili
ties, fvt per cent as the full statement shows
42 per cent of tho manufacturing liabilities,
and 49 per cent, of the other commercial
liabilities. Moreover, nearly two-thirds ot
the banking liabilities were of failures In the
first month and over half of the railroad
liabilities. Though the number of com
mercial failures, 4.2U7 In the United States,
was never equaled in any quarter until the
third of last year, the average cf liabilities Is
only 114,890, which is lower than has appeared
in the records of thirty-eight years at any time
closely succeeding any Berlous reverse The
degree of commercial soundness and health
thereby indicated gives ground for hope that
the liquidations consequent upon the disaster
of 1M3 have been in large measure accom
plished. "Wheat has been lifted about 4 cents bf
reports of serious injury to the plant, but the
accounts are more than usually conflicting :md
there Is much uncertainty about the extent of
the injury. Corn has declined 14 cents, while
pork has risen 50 cents, with lard a shade better.
The failures for the last week have been 244 ia
the United States, against 105 last year, and 24
In Canada, against -8 last year.
Bradstreet's says:
"Special telegrams from Important dlstribu
lng centers report general trade quite irregu
lar, previous gains having been iollowed by
shrinkages in many instances. There is a
slight gain in business at Pittsburgh In staple
merchandise, as well as among manufacturers
of bessemer, pig and billets.
"The delay of expected revival In trade at
Cincinnati. Detroit and Louisville has had a
depressing influence, and Is aided by unseason
able weather; but business is reported at
Indianapolis, and the expectation Is for a
good spring trade. Chicago Jobbers in cot
ton dress fabrics, silks, hardware, clothing
and lumber report Increased sales, but
at St Louis unfavorable weather has
checked the demand for dry goods and
millinery and kindred lines, although expecta
tion is for an Improvement in the demand be
cause country stocks are not large. Kansas
City reports considerable activity in general
lines, as does Omaha, where improved weather
and good roads have stimulated business.
Planting throughout Nebraska is being pushed,
but the crops need rain. At both cities last
mentioned live stock interests have improved.
'The Industrial feature of the week is found
In thirty-one strikes throughout the country.
Involving 40.000 employes, principally among
building trades at New York and Chicago, tex
tile industries at Paterson and New York, and
toal mines and coke operatives in western
Pennsylvania and farther west. Noticeably
large increases in the number of small strikes
weekly have taken the pluce of resumption of
Vdustrial establishments.
"While bank clearings for March, i3.T55.oX),
"00, are 10 per cent larger than In February
fciey average only I13&,0uu,0 daily, coctru&ted
frith 1138,000.000 In February. Except for Feb
ruary last and September and August cf 1W3
last month's clearings total is the smallest ia
any month for six years: it Is 31
per cent less than in March,
lfb3. Three month's clearings segre
gate fll.0'J6,0.X),000.33 per cent, less than last
rear. Out of seventy-seven cities totaU for
March and for three months at only five of the
mailer cities show gains compared with last
year. Bank clearings this week aggregate
feiO.OOO.Ouo, 28 per cent more than last week,
but the total is 20 per cent less than in the like
week last year."
The Hungarians Claim They Were the
Victims of a Conspiracy.
Connellsville, Pa., April 9. The
ffreat coke strike is ended and the
strikers have suffered a disastrous
defeats The leaders of the Slavs
and Hungarians in this section
are claiming that the strike as
the result of a conspiracy of
the Irish and (ierman elements
of the region to get the Hungarians ex
pelled from the coke region. The Slavs
and Hungarians were brought to this
country under contract twelve years
ago by che owners of the coke works
to break a strike, and since that
time the wages of the miners and
cokers have speedily declined. One very
marked feature of tbe strike is that all
the leaders of the organization are
Irish, while the Irish employes of the
region, numbering about 1,500, refuse
to take any part in tho strike. The
Germans also hold aloof. The Hun
garians now allege that they have been
led into this strike, and incited to riot
and bloodshed in order to work up a
prejudice against them and cause the
people to rise up and annihilate them
or expel them.
Ao Angry Crowd at Greensboro, (L,
Lynch a Itlack Krnte.
Nashville. Tenn., April 9. Mrs.
Chambers, a respectable white woman
cf Greensboro, Ga., was assaulted
Thursday night by a negro. The negro
was arrested and identified. He was
placed in jail. The jail was soon after
ward attacked by an armed mob. The
sheriff made a debperate defense and
telegraphed the jrovernor to order out
the military, which was done, but be
fore the soldiers reached the scene of
the disturbance the mob had battered
down the jail walls and lynched the
JEx-city Treasurer Tnlte Surrendered to
Michigan Authorities.
New York, April 9. Thomas P.
Tuite. the ex-city treasurer of De
troit, Mich., who absconded from
that city two years ago, taking
with him city funds to the amount
of 115,500, and who was arrested
In this city on March 21, was
arraigned in the Tombs police
court, preliminary to his surrender to
Ihe Michigan authorities. An officer
Started for Detroit at 2 p. m., with
Tuite in custody.
A Drunken Man's Crime.
Chicago, April 9. Arthur Laperla
5hot and instantly killed Mrs. Emma
Levi and then put a bullet into his own
rain. He will probably die. The
tragedy occurred at 9 o'clock Friday
light at 474 Warren avenue, the homa
if Mrs. Levi's father, John R. Allen.
The only cause that has been given for
Laperle's t-.t is that his attentions to
Irs. Levi, who had been divorced from
her first husband, were not welcome to
ber family, chiefly because he was ad
dicted to the use of stimulants. He
vas under the influence of liquor when
the deed was committed,
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