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About Plattsmouth weekly journal. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1881-1901 | View Entire Issue (March 15, 1894)
C VT. StIEUHAX.
The News Condensed.
Important Intelligence From AIJ Farts.
Thk senate was not in session on the 3d....
In the house tfce time was occupied in discuss
ing the pension bill and a bill was passed
:r:intinsj an increase of pension to Andrew
l-'rankllu, aged 101 years, who resides in Kansas
a:;d is a veteran of the war ot 1812 and ol the
-war of the rebellioa.
The senate held a short session on
the ftth and but little business of im
portance was transacted. A brief debate on
silver took place and Senator Stewart (Nev.)
o!Texed a free silver amendment to the Bland
biU. Senator Morgan, (Alt.) offered a resolu
tion looking to the appointment of a tariff
commission, ottered as an amendment to the
tariff bill.... The debate on the pension appro
priation bill continued all day in the house and
at times considerable spirit was displayed.
The principal speakers were Messrs. Dolllver,
Hepburn, Knk and Cannon. A total of Sl.
613,733 is carried by the diplomatic and consular
appropriation bill which was introduced.
In the senate a bill was introduced on the 6th
toputaneudto railway ticket scalping. The
main interest of the day centered about the dis
cussions as to the disposal of the Bland bill,
anJ it was decided to move to take it up and
make it the business before the senute until
disposed of The debate on the pension ap
propriation bill was continued In the house, the
tent lire of the session being ieu. Sickles'
speech criticising the action of Commissioner
The bill passed by the bouse appropriating
J45. 000 for the rescue of the armament and
wreck of the Kearsarge was passed in the sen
ate on the 7th, and the silver seigniorage bill
also passed its third reading. After five days
of derate the pension appropriation bill, carry
ing 151. 000,000. was passed by the house with
On the 8th the resignation of Senator White,
of Louisiana, was announced in the senate.
The Uland seigniorage bill came up as unfin
ished business, tut a vote was postponed for
one day. The bill for the 6ale of unsold por
tions of the Umatilla reservation in Oregon was
passed The president transmitted some ad
ditional Hawaiian correspondence to the bouse.
The conference report on the urgent deficiency
bill was presented and agreed to The bill
abolishing the office of commissioner and as
sistant commissioner of customs in the treas
ury department was passed.
Two babies, a boy and a girl, twins
2j months old, were smothered to
death in bed in Chicago at the home of
the parents, a family named Jacquer.
Jo us Sachs, a tombstone decorator,
dropped dead while placing an inscrip
tion on a tombstone at Waldheim cem
etery in Chicagxx
Farmers in Kansas are turning their
old enemy, the wind, to account by
utilizing it through windmills for irri
gating. E Williamsost, of Chicago, one of
the most popular of ball players in his
time, died at Mountain Valley Springs
At Kosciusko, Miss., Eev. W. P. Rat
liffe killed S. A. Jackson and fatally
wounded two bystanders. A political
fued was the cause.
Dan.m- Russell and George Siddons
fought twenty-seven rounds at Newark,
Is. J., the latter being awarded the vic
tory on a fouL
Gocld A. Still, a night operator,
was assassinated while at work at his
key at Hay Springs, Neb.
Thus far, in ls94 eighty lives and
-eighteen vessels have been lost from
the fishing fleet of Gloucester, Mass.
Records for the year 1S93 show that
America is by all odds the greatest rac
ing country under the sun.
Nebraska homesteaders dispossessed
by a recent decision will lose ail but
their improvements and government
The Lehigh Coal fc Iron company,
which went into a receiver's hands in
April, 1833, with liabilities of (1,250,000,
has been declared restored to solvency
by Judge Jenkins, of Milwaukee.
Daniel McCormack and Mrs. Annie
Kelly were suffocated by gas in a hotel
at South Framingham, Mass.
The business portion of Morgan town,
Ind., was destroj'ed by fire.
For accepting a bribe J. T. Bennier
was expelled from Louisville's city
council. Four other aldermen are to be
Mrs. Charles Richfield and Mrs. J.
F. McCuen were killed by the cars
while attempting to drive across the
Michigan Central tracks at Battle
A tablet was placed in Providence,
R. I., to commemorate the burning of
British taxed tea in 1775.
The resignation of Rev. T. DeWitt
Talmage as pastor of the Brooklyn
tabernacle has been withdrawn.
Sylvester Rhodes (colored) was
lynched at Collins, Ga, for the murder
of Ernest Dozier (white).
Frank Fuller (colored) fatally shot
3iis wife, another woman and himself
at Carrollton, La.
Four thousand miners Dear Bridge
port, O., resumed work, leaving the
settlement of wages of outside laborers
A crank, who said he had been di
rected by God to turn the white house
at Washington over to the Jews, was
put under arrest.
The ' visible supply of grata in the
United States on the 5th was: Wheat,
75,569,000 bushels; corn. 19,106,000 bush
els; oats, 2,601,000 bushels; rye, 520,000
bushels; barley, 1,058,000 bushels.
Charles Murray, a colored prisoner
serving a twelve-year sentence at
Columbus, O., for burglary, confessed
that in June, 1887, he killed a farmer
stnd his wife near Xenia.
Two boiuses were demolished in a
storm at Butler, Mo., and Jasper
Smith and his wife and two daughters
were badly injured.
The governors of a majority of states
declare they will do everything in their
power to prevent the Corbctt-Jackson
The striking West Virginia miners
planned to blow up the Acme mine
with dynamite and kill Operator Wy
ant, but were unsuccessful.
The plate mill of the Eureka Iron &
Steel company at Wyandotte, Mich.,
was burned, the loss being $100,000.
Charles P. Chateau's title to 100.
000 acres of land in Dunklin county.
Mo., has been affirmed after thirty
Lamson Gregory, an old negro, was
taken by masked men from his house,
near Bell's Depot, Tenn., and shot to
Mrs. Mary Ellen Lease, of Kansas,
has been found to be an heir to a large
estate left by a'maiden aunt who died
in Ireland several years ago.
A fire destroyed property valued at
(100,000 at Cullman, Ala., and three
persons were killed by falling timbers.
Stephen Geer, a dairyman living in
the suburbs of .leffersonville, Ind., was
murdered in his doorway by an un
For attempted assault on a young
girl James Erickson, aged 70, was
tarred and feathered by indignant resi
dents at Edgerton, Ind.
Michael Joyce, on his deathbed
near West Union, la., confessed to the
murder of his nephew four years ago.
Arguments upon the governor's right
to remove state canvassers were begun
before the Michigan supreme court.
Joseph M. Archer, a rich stock deal
er, was murdered and robbed of f3,000
in the road near his home at North
Robert Ross was murdered by Bat
Shea, who was wounded, and two
others fatally hurt in a Troy (N. Y.)
Publishers and printers in St. Paul
were in the midst of an animated dis
pute over the scale of wages.
The Dexter (Mich.) bank robbery
mystery has been solved by the con
fession of Assistant Cashier O. C
Gregory that he stole the missing
$3,102, all of which was recovered.
Milwaukee officers arrested a tramp,
who was found to have the smallpox
after hundreds of persons had been ex
posed. The Indiana supreme court holds
that the State never loses its right in
property which is sequestered from tax
ation. The Ohio supreme court declared
valid the law by which the time for
couaty clerks to assume office is
changed from February to September.
Sewell E. Parker, aged 23, died at
Toledo, O., of a broken heart, an ex
amination showing that that organ
was literally rent in two. Parker's
father died recently from a similar
cause, his ailment being superinduced
by worry over the misdeeds of his now
The barn of N. S. Nixon, a promi
nent farmer near Coldwater, Mich.,
was burned, and Mr. Nixon, forty
sheep and four horses perished in the
The cooperation of the Canadian gov
ernment in suppressing the operations
of the Honduras Lottery Company in
this country has been obtained by the
post office department.
The trial of the new battleship In
diana at Delaware breakwater was suc
cessful beyond the expectations of the
The president sent to congress the
latest correspondence in relation to
Hawaii, the important feature being a
statement that steps had been taken to
provide for a new constitution and a
new form of government for Hawaii.
Thk Nicholson hotel at Nashville,
Tenn., one of the largest and best
known in the south, went into the
hands of a receiver with liabilities of
The Bank of Harrison, Neb., closed
its doors. Depositors would be paid in
William Bowman, a prominent farm
er near Jefferson ville, Ind., was killed
by a load of stone overturning upon
Jesse Havselman. of Ravenna. O.,
aged 15, started west to fight Indians.
He was arrested at Massillion and sent
Judge Smith, of the Cincinnati su
perior court, granted an order forbid
ding members of the district carpen
ters' council preventing non-union men
from working at a mill where there
was a strike.
Owino to heavy rains towns to the
south of Chicago were under from 4 to
6 feet of water.
William Weir, a prisoner sent to the
onio penitentiary irotn Cleveland on a
three-year sentence for passing coun
terfeit money, died while entering the
John Geschwilm killed his wife at
Columbus, O. Five years ago he killed
his brother and served a two-year term
John Hallock, confidential clerk in
New York of Theodore Pabst & Co.,
importers of glass and chinaware, was
arrested on the charge of embezzling
The Virginia legislature defeated a
bill to require the United States flag to
be raised on public schoolhouses.
Three men were killed by the explo
sion of a Lehigh Valley locomotive near
The democratic members of the sen
ate finance committee laid before the
full committee the Wilson tariff bill as
they have amended it. Many duties
are raised, and sugar, iron and coal are
taken from the free list. The income tax
remains. The date when the free list
shall go into effect is changed from
June 1, 1894. to June SO, 1894.
Caleb S. Bragg, a Cincinnati mil
lionaire, died on a Pennsylvania train
near Pittsburgh, Pa., while homeward
Bohemian strikers assaulted Italian
laborers with a shower of stones at
Cleveland, O., and one man was badly
Mrs. Martha C Atchison was- in
cinerated, as she had requested, at the
crematory in Graceland cemetery, Chi
cago. Two Denter police commissioners
secured an injunction preventing the
governor and mayor from ejecting
them from office.
Two thousand striking silk .weavers
at Paterson, N. J., roughly treated one
man who refused to quit work.
Rev. R. MacNeill, of Emporium,
Pa., received a fortune by the will of
an old woman, whose spectacles he
The second trial of Daniel Coughlin
on the charge of complicity in the mur
der of Dr. Patrick Henry Cronin in
Chicago came to a close after a session
of nearly four months by the return of
a verdict of acquittal by the jury, who
were out only six hours.
John Geyer was swindled out of
$550 in Chicago by W. F. Ohlran, who
represented he had counterfeit money
Boundless, the famous race horse,
broke a tendon at Little Rock, Ark.,
and may never run again.
The XV. R. Strong company, dealers
in nursery plants and seeds in Sacra
mento, CaL, failed for $145,000.
Five minutes after taking a table
spoonful of wine as a toast at & recep
tion in honor of the wedding engage
ment of his son, Joseph Racker, of
Rosenbayn, N. J., died in terrible convulsions.
PERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
The Illinois democratic state con
vention will be held at Springfield
Municipal elections were held
throughout Maine, the republicans be
ing uniformly successful by increased
The republicans at Richmond, Ind.,
renominated Henry V. Johnson for con
gress. The election returns from the va
rious counties of New York show de
cided republican gains.
Rufus S. Frost, aged 68, died in his
car in a Chicago railway station while
bound from Mexico to his Boston home.
He was a noted manufacturer and was
a member of the Forty-fourth congress
Mrs. Mary Hemenway, throughout
her life active in promoting charitable
works, died at her home in Boston.
She was the richest woman in that city,
being worth over $15,000,000.
Delegates from Boston labor organi
zations met to form a new political
party, but the meeting ended in a bit
Capt, Benjamin Thompson, of Ken
nebunkport. Me., died at the age of 100
years and 2 months.
Gov. Foster, of Louisiana, appointed
Congressman Newton C. Blanchard as
United States senator to succeed Judge
White, whose resignation takes place
on the 12th inst
Mrs. Ellen Moonlight, wife of CoL
Thomas Moonlight, the newly ap
pointed minister to Bolivia, died at her
home in Leavenworth, Kan.
The prohibitionists of Wisconsin in
tend to make a vigorous campaign this
Gen. Neal Dow, the champion of
temperance, will be 90 years old March
2o, and the event will be celebrated in
New York city by a great national
Mr. Gladstone's resignation was ac
cepted by Queen Victoria and Lord
Rosebery was offered and accepted the
Queen Victoria prorogued parlia
ment after giving her royal sanction to
the local government bilL
At the elections fcr members of the
Chilian congress the liberal party was
said to have been victorious.
Miss Ida Van Etten, an American
authoress living in Paris, is said to
have died from starvation.
The brig Albert arrived at San
Francisco from Honolulu and reports
that everything was quiet on the
Hawaiian islands. Business had taken
the place of politics.
Harding, the oarsman, has issued a
sweeping challenge from London, Eng
land, to row anybody in the world.
Ex-Premier Gladstone was serious
ly ill at his home in London from the
effects of a chill.
Eight persons were wounded by the
explosion of a bomb near the Italian
chamber of deputies in Rome.
Fire in the hold of the steamer Paris,
lying at her dock in London, caused a
loss of $100,000.
senator i effer introduced: a reso
lution in the United States senate on
the 9th for an investigation into the
senatorial sugar speculation. The
house bill authorizing a bridge over
the East river between New York and
l-ionsr tsiana was passed, ihe seign-
loratre out was discussed, and it was
decided to postpone voting on the
measure until the 15th. Adjourned to
the 12tn. In the house the District of
Columbia bill was considered. The
night session was devoted to the pas
sage of individual pension bills.
James S. Walker, a noted scout on
the plains for many -ears, died at
There were 24S business failures in
the United States in the seven days
ended on the 9th, against 204 the week
previous and 193 in the corresponding
time in 1S93.
Dutch Niell. of St. Louis, defeated
James Barron, of Australia, in a fight
of thirteen rounds at Hot Springs. Ark.
During a fire at Warsaw, Ky., which
destroj-ed the Crown flouring mills and
a granary, Mrs. E. A. Allen died from
paralysis of the heart.
During a boxing match in Chicago
A. W. Crane struck Mike Sullivan
probably fatal blow.
William Snyder and his wife, bath
over 70 years of age, were burned in
their home at Develan. N. Y. Snyder
got out once, but went back to rescue
A statement from the pension
bureau shows that there are 9C6.00C
pensioners on the rolls.
The republicans of the First district
of Tennessee nominated W. C Ander
son, of Newport, to succeed A. A. Taylor
Gen. Howard reported to the war
department that Atlantic port cities
were without modern means of defense.
The suit of Miss Madaline V. Pollard
against Congressman W. C. P. Breckin
ridge, of Kentucky, for breach of prom
ise, began in Washington.
Col. Sylvester .Morgan and wife
celebrated their sixtieth wedding an
niversary at Jefferson ville, Ind.
Maj. William Nevans, a famous
bandmaster and veteran of the late
war, died in Chicago. He wns 61 years
old and a native of Brooklyn.
James B. Billings, dealer in boots
and shoes in Boston, failed for $100,000.
C. M. Gates, aged 75 years, and Mrs.
Caroline Sawyer, aged 72, eloped from
Belle vue, O., and were married in Cleve
land. Opposition from the married
daughters of Mrs. Sawyer caused the
THE JURY'S VIEW.
It Thinks Dan Coughlin Innocent
of Dr. Cronin's Murder,
And Therefore Return a Verdict of "Not
Guilty" Its Decision Reached In
a Shujrt Time How the Ver
dict Waa Received.
COUGHLIJT a free max.
Chicago, March 10. Daniel Coughlin,
with his wife clinging to his arm.
walked out of Judge Tuthill's court a
free man Thursday afternoon. The
jury took the case at 11:50 o'clock and
at 4:45 p. m. returned this verdict:
"We, the jury, find the defendant, Daniel
Coughlin, not guilty."
Shortly after 4 p. m. word was sent
by a bailiff to Judge Tuthill that a ver
dict had been reached. The news
spread quickly, and before the jury
could reach the courtroom in response
to the judge's order it was packed with
people eager to be present at this im
portant period of the great trial. The
defendant was brought in by a bailiff.
Judge Tuthill took his seat upon the
bench and court was called to order.
The jury filed in amidst the utmost si
lence. With signs of nervous
ness Judge Tuthill asked if a verdict
had been reached, and upon receiving
an affirmative reply ordered the clerk
to read it.
Coughlin shot up from his chair as
though a powerful spring beneath him
was released by the word "not-" For
the shortest part of a second the rows
of men who stood chest to back from
the clerk's desk to the rear wall re
mained motionless. But a cheer broke
the spell, and a wild rush for the man
who had just been acauitted of the
charge of murdering Dr. Patrick H.
Cronin swept bailiffs, spectators, po
licemen, court attendants and news
paper men into the narrow confines of
the space within the railing.
Joseph B. David, Daniel Donahoe's
partner, threw himself across the table
which stood between him and Coughlin
and grasped Coughlin's hand. Old
Michael Coughlin, with quivering lips
and wet cheeks, was the next man to
hold the hand of his son. But Coughlin
seemed dazed. He shook hands heed
lessly and answered congratulations
with mumbled words. He stood be
wildered, stunned by the blow of a
great joy. For a few seconds he stood
thus, while men climbed over chairs,
railing and tables in their mad desire to
see Coughlin or to speak to him. Judge
Tnthill commanded silence again and
again, and men 6tood beside him wav
ing their hats and uttering wild cries.
Few heard the judge when he thanked
the jury, commended them for their
services and dismissed them.
Coughlin finally broke away from
the surging mob which carried him
from one side to the other, and, start
ing with Juror Benson, went down the
line, grasping the hand of each of the
men who had set him free. He met
Judge Tuthill and they shook hands to
gether. .Just as Coughlin reached Juror Bruce
another commotion began. It started
at the door and was indicated by a sud
den opening in the crowd. Coughlin
was passing behind the witness stand
on his way out of the courtroom when
some one cried: "Here's your wife
'Dan,' here's your wife."
Coughlin turned back. The jurors
stepped aside and the crowd opened
right and left to give free passageway
to the sobbing woman, who rushed to
ward her husband. "Oh, 'Dan,' 'Dan,
is it true, is it true?" she sobbed, as he
threw both arms around her.
After many minutes more spent in
congratulations Coughlin, accompanied
by his wife, started for the county jail
on the north side. t,n route tne ex
prisoner was loudly cheered, and he ac
knowledged it by bows and smiles.
Arrived at the jail the papers contain
ing his formal discharge from custody
were handed him. and this formality
having been concluded, Daniel Congh
lin stood once more before the world a
Before leaving the jail Coughlin said
to a reporter:
"The wrong is righted st last I wish that
every Judge and prosecuting attorney would be
sent to jail for six months, and then they would
not be so anxious to send Innocent men there.
The caso against me was all perjury. It's all
over now, though, and we might aa well let it
drop. I don't know what I shall do at present.
I am going to visit Hancock. Mich., my old
home, with my family, and then I am coming
back to Chicago to live"
A great deal of dissatisfaction is ex
pressed by citizens at the verdict,
which was a surprise to everyone. It
seems to have been the general ex
pectation that the jury would disagree,
while many confidently looked for con
viction, and few anticipated a verdict
of not guilty. The case has been on
trial for nearly four months and the
cost to the county has been in the
neighborhood of 8100,000.
Caleb Brafg Drops Dead. '
Cincinnati, March 10. Caleb rS.
Bragg, of the old firm of Van Antwerp,
Bragg & Co.. now the American Book
company, of New York, Cincinnati and
Chicago, dropped dead of heart disease
on a Pennsylvania train, while on his
way from New York to this city. He
was 70 years of age and leaves several
children and a fortune estimated at
Don't Want the Flag-.
Richmond, Va., March 10. The Vir
ginia legislature has defeated a bill to
require the United States flag to be
raised on public schoolhouses.
Congressional Inquiry Into the Judge's
k Ruling; Heglns.
Washington, March 12. The con
gressional investigation into the course
of United States Judge Jenkins in
enjoining prominent labor leaders
and Northern Pacific employes from
counseling or taking part in a strike
promises to have important develop
ments. At the meeting of the house
judiciary committee Chairman Culbert
son announced Representatives Boat
ner, Terry and XV. A. Stone as the com
mittee to investigate the matter. It
was decided to notify Judge Jen
kins of the proposed investigation, and
to leave it for him to suggest what
course he desired to pursue, either in
appearing in person or by counseL It
was also decided to notify all of the
labor leaders and Northern Pacific em
ployes who were named in the writs of
injunction issued by Judge Jenkins.
Mr. Boatner wrote to Judge Jenkins
Friday night. It is suggested to him
in the letter that the committee is
ready to hear from him either by the
submission of papers or personally.
Letters were also sent to the following
officers of railway employes associa
tions who had been enjoined from
counseling a strike:
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. P. M.
Arthur, li. ti E.; T. S. Ingrabam, F. G. E.,
Cleveland, O. Order of Railway Conductors,
E. E. Clark, G. C. C: William P. Dan
iels, G. S. and T., Cedar Kapids, la.
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, S. E.
Wilkinson, G. M., P. IL Morrisey, F.
V. G. M., W. A Sheahan, G. S. and T.,
Galesburg. 111. Brotherhood of Locomotive
Firemen. P. G. Sargent, G. C. F., F.W. Arnold,
G. S. and T., Terre Haute, Ind. Switchmen's
Mutual Aid association. J. K. Wilson, G. M-,
John Downey, G. S. and T., Chicago.
The subordinate employes of the road
who were enjoined have also been no
tified of the investigation.
BIG MEN COMPARED.
Points of Difference Ketween Corbett and
New York, March 12. Peter Jackson
was pronounced to be in good physical
condition by Dr. John Wilson Uibbs,
who made an examination of the pugi
list Friday morning. The only thing
that marred Jackson's condition was
a slight cough due to an attack of the
grip. Following is a comparison of the
measurements of the two gladiators.
Corbett's measurements were made
shortly before his fight with Mitchell.
Jackson's are those taken by Dr. Uibbs
e feet IVi inches Height 8 feet "4 inch.
J-8 inches Chest 39 inches.
8V inches Chest expanded 41'i inches.
S3 inches Waist inches.
14"i inches.. Kipht biceps (flexed) ..12i inches.
13 inches Left biceps (flexed) 13 inches.
29'i inches Keucn. rlBht 34 inches.
Kearh, left Si'i inches.
16'i inches Nec'.t M inches.
21 inches Thigh, right 21', inches.
Thigh, left 22 inches.
14 Inches Cnlf, right 1 4 l, inches.
Calf. left. 15 inches.
Abdomen 3i'-i inches.
Kitrht forearm 11 inches.
Left forearm lli Inches.
Kight wrist 6S inches.
Left wrist 7 inches.
Wldih of shoulder. 18 inches.
188 pounds Weight, stripped. ...210 pounds.
One of the most noticeable things in
the above comparison is the difference
in the neck measurements of the men.
Corbett has the better of it in the size
of the biceps. Jackson has the larger
chest and a greater expansion. The
unusually long reach of the colored
man is apparent from the figures.
Corbett has always been considered to
have a long reach, but it is nothing
compared with Peter's. Jackson ap
peared to have fine shoulder develop
ment. The muscles started from his
neck and stood out hard and firm.
DAN COUGHLIN TALKS.
Kays He Has No Guilty Knowledge of
flow Cronin Met Ills Death.
Chicago, March J2, Daniel Cough
lin's acquittal at the hands of the sec
ond jury that tried him for complicity
in the conspiracy to murder Dr. Cronin
was the subject of general comment and
criticism in the city. It is not going out
side the fact to say that no verdict
ever rendered by a jury in Cook county
gave so much dissatisfaction to the ma
jority of the public In the comments
made on the jurjr's action, adverse
opinion was almost unanimous. Everj
where the same sentiment prevailed.
Concerning the murder of Dr.
Cronin, Coughlin vehemently declared
that he knew nothing whatever. He
I hired that horse for the use of a country
friend. It was simply an act of courtesy: yet
it was used against me in the terrible charge
for which I have been twice tried and which
has brought suffering to myself and family.
The only time I ever had anything to do with
Dr. Cronin and his connection with the united
brotherhood was nearly ten years ago. In 1885
charges were preferred against the doctor
for falsely reporting some matters of interest
to the brotherhood. A committee of hve, of
whieh I was a member, was named to hear the
charges and pass upon them. Cronin then will
ingly admitted the truth of the charges, and
suitable action was taken by the committee,
which was unanimous in the decision present
ed. It was a district trial and all members
were interested, and knew of the trouble. Al
though pleading guilty, Cronin never again
poke to me. "
MANY CLAIMS FORFEITED.
Decision In an Oklahoma Land Case Will
Gcthhie, O. T., March 12. A decision
of the "sooner" question just received
from the general land office causes
consternation among thousands of
claim holders in Oklahoma and
the Cherokee strip. The decision
is in a Payne county contest, and
is that the man crossed the county
prior to the opening, and even though
he did not select a claim or pass near
the claim he afterwards took, the fact
of crossing any portion of the land
made him a "sooner and he conse
quently loses his right to take a home
stead. An Aged Couple Perish In a Fire at
, Develan, Ji. Y.
Buffalo, N. Y., March 12. A special
to the News from Develan. Erie coun
ty, reports that William Snyder and
his wife, both past 70 years of age,
were burned to death in their cottage
at S a. m. Snyder had reached the
door and might have escaped, but went
back to rescue his wife, perishing with
' Peach Muds All Itlght.
Benton Harbor. Mich., March 13.
Growers of peaches in this vicinity deny
the reported killing of buds by recent
BROKE II1S WOItl).
Witnesses Swear OoL Breckinridge
Agreed to Marry Miss Pollard.
Damaging- Testimony Introduced Atilnt
the Kentucky Congressman at the
Frst Day's Trial of the Fa mo as
Breach of Promise Salt.
Washington, March 12. Miss Mada
line Vinton Pollard, plaintiff in the suit
against Congressman W. C. P. Breckin
ridge, avoided the crowd of sensation
seekers about the courtroom by ap
pearing long before court convened.
Miss Pollard was accompanied by her
counsel. Judge Jere Wilson and
Calderon Carlisle, and she entered
the courtroom through the rear
door, reserved for witnesses and mem
bers of the bar. She had also with her
a sister of mercy from the Episcopal
home in this city, where she has been
staying recently, and a female friend.
Mr. Carlisle opened the case for the
plaintiff, taking up the charges and
the answers seriatim. Just as he be
gan his remarks Miss Pollard covered
her eyes with her handkerchief and
began to tremble, and it looked for a
minute as if there would be a fainting
scene. She, however, succeeded in
calming her agitation. '
Mr. Carlisle read the complaint,
"There are three creditable witnesses,"
he said, "who will testify that the
promise to marry was reiterated by the
defendant in the presence of the
plaintiff and at other times when she
was not present."
Summarizing what the evidence
would be, Mr. Carlisle said the plaintiff
was a Kentucky girl, ambitious to
learn. In 1876 her father died, leaving
no estate. James Iiodcs, an old
gardener, was attracted by this
; country girl and made her a prop
osition that he would pay for
rier education if she would marry
him. She made a counter-proposition
that if he paid for her education she
would either marry him or pay back
the money. This was agreed to by
Rodes and a paper containing the
agreement actually drawn up and
signed. Miss Pollard went to Wes
leyan college in Cincinnati on Rodes
Then Mr. Carlisle told how Rodes
began insisting that he be paid back or
that she marry him; how, while wor
ried over Rodes' demands, she was sum
moned home to see a dying sister in
Lexington and met CoL Breckinridge
on the train.
Rodes persisted in his demands and
the plaintiff wrote to CoL Breckin
ridge. He answered her letter in per
son and took her out driving. He came
again. She protested against going in
the closed carriage, but he said he had
a throat affection and she consented.
Then the defendant accomplished her
In conclusion, Mr. Carlisle said that
under the law of the District of Co
lumbia the plaintiff would get no dam
ages for her seduction; it was only for
the broken promises of marriage that
she could secure redress.
Mrs. Blackburn, widow of ex-Gov.
Luke Blackburn, of Kentucky, then
took the stand and said she had seen
CoL Breckinridge and Miss Pollard to
gether in her own apartments in this
city on Good Friday in 1893. When she
entered the room CoL Breckinridge
'Mrs. Blackburn, I want to place this young
lady under your protection. I expect her to
become nearer to roe, and she needs your
motherly care. I expect to marry her when a
sufficient time has elapsed after the death of
When rumors of his engagement to
Mrs. Wing, his present wife, were be
ing circulated Col. Breckinridge had de
nied to the witness that there was any
6uch relationship between Mrs. Wing
and himself, and befrged Mrs. Black
burn to contradict these stories, which
would, he said, injure him with hia
CoL Thompson cross-examined Mrs.
Blackburn Mrs. Blackburn said the
bearing of Miss Pollard upon social oc
casions had been that of a lady. Mr.
Thompson became more pressing in his
inquiries regarding the feeling of Mrs.
Blackburn for Miss Pollard, and the wit
ness replied that she felt a sorow for
any woman compelled to fight her own
wayrin the world. With flashing eyes and
facing the white-bearded congressman
she declared: "Just the sorrow I feel
in being compelled to appear here,
when, if I had the defense of a hus
band. It would never have been neces
sary." Mrs. Blackburn was not made
to contradict her cross-examination in
Maj. Moore, chief of police of the Dis
trict of Columbia, testified that May 13,
1S93, CoL Breckinridge came into his
office and asked his protection from
Miss Pollard, who had followed him in
to the office, saying that she had threat
ened to shoot him. Miss Pollard seemed
much excited, and demanded of Breck
inridge that he name a day when he
would marry her. CoL Breckinridge
named May 31. 1893. and said he would
marry her then if Providence spared
May 17 in the witness office CoL
Breckinridge had told him Miss Pol
lard's condition, admitting his respon
sibility and said he intended to marry
her. "He asked me to witness his de
termination. We three clasped hands.
It was an impressive scene," said the
major. Miss Pollard had drawn from
her bosom a revolver, declaring that if
she had occasion to do so she would use
it upon herself and Breckinridge.
Makes an Assignment.
Boston, March 12. James it. Billings,
boots and shoes, lift Summer street,
factories at Marlboro, has assigned tc
William II. Allen. The cause of the
failure is stated to be poor collections,
losses in the manufacturing depart
ment and shrinkage in profits during
the past three years. The indebtedness
is stated to be about 1100,000, and nom
inal assets about (70,000.
Mixed Up the Speeches.
Washington, March 12. In the dis
tribution of tariff speeches Chairmani
Wilson's remarks were sent out under
the title of Thomas B. Reed's address..
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