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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1939)
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MONDAY, APEIL 24, 1939.
PLATTSHOUTH SEMI - WEEKLY JOURNAL
Out Nations on
Also Questions Nations as to Advance
Knowledge of the Proposals of
BERLIN, April 22 (UP) Ger
many has "discussed the question
broached in President Roosevelt's
peace message" with the nations men
tioned the president in his appeal
to Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini
for an anti-aggression pledge, it was
made known today.
Information was made available to
the foreign press that Germany had
sounded out the 31 nat:ons concerned.
It was admitted that communications
had been received from some of the
nations but it was denied that the
semi-official source had knowledge of
the countries and the replies.
It had been reported abroad that
Germany had questioned a number
of powers as to whether: 1 They had
feared aggression by Germany and
2 Thev had advance knowledge of
the presidents appeal or, by impli
cation, had asked him to aid them.
Adolf Hitler was understood to be
intending to mention the replies in
a speech which he is to make to the
Reichstag next Friday, replying- to
Lithuania, Hungary and Jugoslav
ia were reported abroad to have re
plied "no" to both questions. Hol
land was reported to have said that
it did r.ot think it was menaced but
could not be sure that Its present
sense of security would endure. It
was announced at Berne that the
Swiss federal council had replied that
it placed confidence in Switzerland's
neutrality, defended by its own mil
itary power and expressly recognized
by Germany and other neighbors.
Ilelsingfors announced that Fin
land, like t Lithuania, Hungary and
Jugoslavia, had given negative ans
wers to the inquiry.
The information made available
here indicated that Hitler had ques
tioned every nation mentioned by the
The president asked Hitler and
Mussolini to give a 10 year pledge,
:nd if possible a 23 year one,
they would not attack an of the
Finland, Esthonia, Latvia, Lithuan
ia, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, The
Netherlands, Belgium, Great Britain,
and Ireland, France, Portugal, Spain,
Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Luxem
bourg, Poland, Hungary, Rumania,
Jugoslavia, Russia. Bulgaria, Greece,
Turkey, Iraq, the Arabian states,
Syria, Palestine, Egypt and Iran.
Thus the peace pledge would have
covered Europe and the near east.
Mussolini rejected the president's
appeal in a speech at the Campid
oglio world fair grounds at Rome;
Hitler was to make his own reply next
The source which disclosed the Ger
man inquiry held that the action was
natural "in view of the action of
the American president."
The same source said that reliable
quarters were unable to confirm re
ports aboard of impending general
staff discussions among "axis" pow
ers and powers frier.dlv to them, or
of prospective military conversations
here among German, Italian and
Germany was reported to be plan
ing a vigorous diplomatic campaign
particularly in eastern and south
c.r.tern Europe to consolidate the
position of the totalitarian powers
:-nd defeat British and French efforts
to form a "peace front."
CASHIER PLEADS GUILTY
AUBURN, Neb.. April 22 ( UP)
Charles Harris, cashier of the bank
r.t Bra k, pleaded guilty to charges
rf embezzlement when arraigned be
fore County Judge John Ferneau here
today and was bound over to dis
trict court in $1,000 bond which he
was not immediately able to furnish.
Harris is charged with taking $1,
T36 over a period from January 1.
1D3R to January 25, 1939. He is
married and ha3 or.e child.
Harris told County Attorney John
T. McKnight and SherifT Troy Evans
the money went to pay doctor bills
incurred during his wife's illness, the
county attorney said. The couple has
v 10-year-cld daughter. They former
ly lived at Nemaha.
GOLDEN SPIKE LEAVES
SAN FRANCISCO. April 22 (UP)
The golden spike .that tied to
gether rails of the Central and Union
Pacific railroads at Promontary,
Utah on May 10, 186 to complete
T.'orth America's trans:cntinental rail
line was shipped to Omaha today for
premiere cf the moving picture,
" Union Pacific."
ALMONDS ON PALM TREE
HANFORD, Cal. (UP) The Rev.
and Mrs. J. D. Black see no reason
why a palm tree shouldn't be useful
as well as ornamentaL They pruned
away a few fronds, inserted almond
sprouts and now have a palm tree
that has several flourishing almond
shoots on it. One of the sprouts has
attained a height of 5 feet and is
bearing 30 almonds this year.
Gives Praise to
State Executive Is Speaker at the
Largest Observance in State
At Arbor Lodge Today.
NEBRASKA CITY, April 22 (UP)
J. Sterling Morton, founder of Ar
bor Day, made what probably is "Ne
braska's most original contribution to
the sum of human progress," Gover
nor R. L. Cochran said today in an
Arbor Day address commemorating
Morton's birthday. The governor eu
logized the former U. S. secretary of
agriculture as "for fifty years a
leader in the political, commercial,
educational, and agricultural life of
"He was Nebraska's first master
farmer. He was Nebraska's first
statesman. His outstanding contri
bution to the welfare of his state and
nation, and upon which his fame rests
securely, was his proposal that a day
bs devoted annually to the planting
"Nebraska's growth ard advance
ment from a raw undeveloped ter
ritory to a highly-developed state of
more than one and one-third million
citizens is eloquent tribute to the faith
of Morton and reflects results of his
early pioneer efforts.
Governor Cochran criticized exces
sive governmental spending ana tnc
tendency to seek economic advantage
by special legislation as abnormal
products of civilization.
"I am convinced," he said "that the
character of our people has under
taken no fundamental change since
the days of Morton and that their
strength and character wiii protect
us from these and all other dangers
that face us."
CAPONE HAS BAD NEWS
LOS ANGELES, April 22 (UP)
Al Capone received the bad news in
Terminal Island federal prison today
that his plea for release on a writ of
habeas ccrpus has been denied, and
that he must serve until next Nov
cmeber, at least.
Federal Judge Harry Hollzer ruled
that the time Capone spent in the
Cook county jail of Chicago awaiting
disposition of his appeal should r.ot
be allowed as time served on the sen
tence for income tax evasion that has
kept the racket king behind bars since
The court held that it was Capone's
own fault that he delayed serving his
sentence, and chose to remain in jail
instead of the Atlanta penitentiary
until exhausting all legal appeals.
Capone, through his attorney, claim
ed he finished his time March 12. Had
the writ been granted, he would have
been entitled to immediate release.
FATHER AND FIVE CHILDREN DIE
OTTUMWA, ia., April 22 (UP)
A father and five of his children were
burned to death today in a fire at
their small home here. The dead arc:
Charles Helmick, 41; Lola and Leota,
12 year eld twins; Donald, 8; Helen,
7; and Darrell, 4. Three other chil
dren suffered burns. Mrs. Helmick
and two other sons escaped injury.
The five children were asleep up
stairs when the fire broke out after
a herosene explosion. Assistant Fire
Chief Sam Russell said. He said he
understood two of the other children
were trying to start a fire in the
stove. Joe and Max Helmick were
burned critically and are not expect
ed to live. The father died when he
went upstairs to try and rescue the
FRENCH TO PROBE CRASHES
PARIS, April 22 (UFj Guy La
Chambre, air minister, ordered a
rigid inquiry today into three crashes
in the French air force in which
twenty men were killed.
All of the planes involved were
old models not included in "the types
now being delivered to the air force.
The third in the series of disasters
occurred near Oudja in Algeria where
a four-motored bomber crashed, kill
ing the crew of six.
Five were killed when a bombing
plane on a practice flight crashed at
Nine were killed when
two bombing planes collided 300 feet
above Tours Flying Field as they
Paid for Luring
Joseph Dunn, Former FBI Head at
Los Angeles Tells of Sum Be
ing: Paid to Anna Sage.
LOS ANGELES, April 22 (UP)
The federal bureau of investigation
was revealed to have paid $5,000 to
Anna Sage, the "woman in red" for
luring John Dillinger into a death
trap outside a Chicago theater on
July 22, 1934.
Joseph Dunn, formerly head of the
FBI office in Los Angeles, said he
was assigned to pay her the money.
Dillinger was killed by a blast of
G-Men's bullets when he walked into
a trap at the theater entrance. The
story of how he was trapped came
out while Dunn was testifying in de
fense of $1,000,000 libel suit. Dunn
has explained why he advanced $200
to a former lobbyist as a means of
gaining the man's confidence. He testi
fied that he had used these methods
while he was a G-man and said:
"As an example of this method of
investigation which in the language
of investigators is called 'roping'
A lawyer's objection restrained him
from citing the example but outside
the courtroom Dunn admitted he was
referring to Anna Sage.
"She was to receive $5,000 for in
forming the government operators
where they could find Dillinger," he
said. "Mrs. Sage told Melvin Purvis,
FBI officer, that she would accom
pany Dillinger to a Chicago show
house on a certain night and wear
a red dress, Dunn said. "After Dil
linger was shot the department of
justice in Chicago were afraid she
might be killed so they sent her to
Los Angeles. Two months later she
was sent $5,000 to pay her."
Later the woman was deported.
THREAT TO KILL PUBLISHER
LOS ANGELES, April 20 (UP)
Publisher George Palmer Putnam
claimed today that three threats had
been made on his life because he
was publishing a book entitled "The
Man Who Killed Hitler."
The third threat, said Putnam,
who is the widower of Amelia Ear
hart, was received yesterday. It was
a letter in German." signed "Greater
Germany." He turned it over to au
thorities. The first two threats were
oral, conveyed by telephone.
"The Man Who Killed Hitler" is
a novel about a v lennese aocior
whose wife was killed by Nazis.
Boundary Line of Youth
To Include Women of Forty
By Frances Kay Johnston
So Ton think you're getting old
and it doesnt matter! Don't be
that way. According to Dr. Alsop of
Barnard College, "The woman of
forty is in the prime of her life."
Some authorities would extend
this boundary line to fifty, but only
when and if she uses the wisdom of
her years to build charm of man
ner, takes active interest in outside
activities, and guards against fa
tigue and nerve strain prime ene
mies of youth, vitality, poise and
even mental balance. Results from
"good" or "faulty" posture habits,
most experts say, usually begin to
show up after a woman is past
twenty-eight to thirty.
An interesting and progressive
movement which should help not
only figures and charm, but health
also, is Camp National Posture
Week which schools and colleges
all over the country will observe
the week of May 1st to 6th and
which is sponsored by S. H. Camp
of Jackson, Michigan, who sent the
Camp Transparent Woman on her
15.000-mile health exhibit and lec
ture tourof the country as a demon
stration of the relation of "good"
posture to internal health.
When we are young, responsibili
ties rest lightly on our shoulders,
but as we grow older we must face
them. As a consequence, nerve
strain and fatigue are two of the
things which women of forty and
over must try to guard against
especially, as well as laxity, a ten
dency to worry over small trifles,
and to take one's self too seriously.
It may seem a far cry indeed to
look to undergarments as having
any relation to strain and fatigue,
but such may be actually the case,
it seems. Physicians tell us that un
scientifically designed corsets, for
instance, which bind at wrong
places, and fail to support at neces
sary points may cause back strain.
Excellence in sports as you know
depends on rhythm. It is necessary
In maintaining body balance pos
sibly even mental balance. A num
ber of other factors; including
keeping free from worry and find
ing diversified Interests, are very
important of course, but good pos
ture is fundamental.
"If I only didn't stick out in the
wrong places." wails Aunt Bessie,
"I could dress smartly even on Ed's
salary." Too much laxity, poor dear,
is her trouble. Here's what Ran.
pens: A set of muscles in the front y
KINGSLEY SPEAKS AT SYRACUSE
SYRACUSE, April 22 (UP) D. W.
Kingsley, Tri-County power district
president, told 150 Otoe county resi
dents here last night Nebraska faces
another critical crisis if anything in
terferes with power district's proj
ected irrigation system. State Rail
way Commissioners F. A. Good and
Duane Swanson outlined rural elec
trification in Nebraska.
Says Wagner Act
Causes Feeling Among: Employees
That Employers at Fault for
MILWAUKEE, Wis., April 22 (UP)
Sen. Edward R. Burke, D., Neb.,
last night blamed the "underlying
principle" of the Wagner labor act
and "fanatics" on the national labor
relations board for bitterness which
he said is developing among em
ployes. "That principle," he said, "is the
belief that employers are to blame for
all labor relations trouble."
e spoKe ai a ounquei meeting oi orchestra lcader Herbie Kav, sued
Wisconsin member of the American!, - v.,,-
Foundrymen's association. He sharp
ly criticized portions of the Wagner
act which he is seeking to change
by amendments, now before a senate
"The rresent act," he said, "is a
punitive measure aimed at employ
ers. "It attempts to fix responsibility
on no one else but employers giv
ing no recognition in the act that a
large majority of employers are not
guilty of the accusations against
He predicted that all amendments
he has proposed for the law would
be accepted at this or the next ses
sion of congress with one exception.
"That one prohibiting a closed
shops is the most important of them'
all." he said. "It is unlikely to be
accepted by congress, at least for
WINS KANSAS MEET
LAWRENCE. Kari., April 22 (UP)
E. Lee Todd of Imperial, Neb.,
who competed unattached today won
the decathlon of the University of
Kansas Telays by five points. His
total was 6.557 points.
Clarence O'Dell of Oklahoma A. &
M. college made a spurt in the
closing events and piled up 6,552
points to make the race the closest in
the history of the ten-event program.
of the body exactly counter-balance
a set of muscles at the back,
. which act to maintain its upright
position. When extra weignt
is added in the abdominal
region, it tends to sag. l ne
back muscles, in order
to straighten the ooay,
tug and pull, there
by placing them
under a strain,
f : ykv' - l
pictured above, ts a living r ,
exponent of the expanatng ooun- ,
dary lint of youth. J?r j
, " " y
Lamonr Says Finds That Career as
Movie Star and Matrimony
Will Not Mix.
HOLLYWOOD, April 22 (UP)
A slight glimmer of real life came
through the chinks in the artificiality
which surrounds a Hollywood star to
day. Dorothy Lamour said she had been
"only fooling" a year ago when she
said what she wanted most in the
world was a baby; what she really
wants is a divorce because marriage
and a career don't mix.
There were tears in the eyes of
the movie glamor girl while she talk
ed, and more than a suggestion of the
poignant emotions which haa wracked
this beautiful occupant of a Beveily
Hills mansion with swimming pool
attached, who began life humbly and
once ran an elevator in a department
But she was no less eager than her
jtudio that her public understand and
sympathize with the reasons why,
with her consent, her husband, the
JUI U1VUILC 111 VlllLaU jtai.tiuoj.
"Honey," she said "won't you please
write it up nice?"
Miss Lamour's glamor is partly
based on her being a southern girl
and she calls everyone honey.
Then she told her story for trans
mission to her public. It seems that
her view of the matter is similar to
that of Joan Crawford on the occa
sion of her divorce from Franchot
Tone several weeks ago which was
apparently acceptable to Miss Craw
ford's admirers. Through their di
vorce, Miss Lamour expects to like
her husband better than ever before.
"I really think Herbie and I will be
better friends now than ever before,'
she said. "We .hope to see lots of
REPORT GERMANS MOBBED
BERLIN, April 22 (UP) The of
ficial DNB news agency continued
today to report anti-German riots in
various parts of Poland. It said that
the Polish patriotic organization
"West Union" beat Germans living
in towns and villages near Katto
witz and stoned the windows of Ger
man homes. The agency added that
Polish police measures to protect
German? were inadequate.
Rubber Stamps, Targe or small,
at right prices at the Journal.
stay that way
after a period.
But cheer up!
There's still hope. We
have been assured by
one physical instructor,
who claims success for
his clients, that it's really
possible for the woman
with the settled "dumpy"
look to take the kink out
of her spinal cord, and
straierhten rounded shoulders
by using a special set of exer
cises. However it is wise before
adoptiner anyone's suggestions to
seek the advice of a good phy
. sician acquainted with the physio-
In the matter of "making your
self over" in case you are properly
enthused by now, and ready to start
you probably dont need to be re
minded that it will be necessary to
think, stand, sit and walk cor
rectly every hour of the day until
your subconscious mind has be
come accustomed to the new pos
It takes practice a little
tack day to work up grad
ually to tke acrobatic pose
shown here for keeping ab
dominal and back muscles
. . -
THE PRACTICE HOUR
FOR MUSIC PUPILS
The study of any instrument re
quires the aetlon of both the body
and the mind. Most people overlook
the mental part. Let us consider the
various elements that should consti
tute our practice and divide them up
into two groups:
Concentration on the body.'
Control of fingers and feet.
Accuracy of pitch and duration.
Hearing all the voices.
Concentration of the mind.
The ability to listen.
Development of rhythm.
Understanding of the fundamental
Freedom of expression.
When you sit down to your piano,
close your eyes for a moment and be
silent. Sweep from your mind all
thoughts extraneous to the subject.
Then go over the above list and fol
low it out in your work. Think what
your teacher asked you to do and
find the most practical way of doing
The physical side of the composi
tion will be studied first. With the
mind concentrated on the body the
kind of technique to be used in each
ohrase will be studied and decided
jpon with the fingering. The pedal
ing or the bowing must be worked
cut in relation to the harmonic and
tie melodic lines of the phrase.
Accuracy of pitch is often neg
octed by pianists. Even those who
ai3 tone-deaf, if they persist, can
lei.rn to sing a simple melody true to
pit-'h. This is the preparation for
serious ear training work. The dur
ation of each note should be accur
ate y counted until it has made a
firm impression upon the mind. Then
cot nting is no longer necessary.
The fundamental harmonies must
bf analyzed and understood. This
it not difficult.
Many students are helped in dif
ficult passages by visualizing not
only the notes, but the fingering. An
organist can close his eyes and visual
ize his feet on the organ pedals.
The mental side, while more
tiring, is by far more interesting.
Half the students do not really
hear what they play. If they did
they would surely improve it. Indeed,
when a pupil has developed the pow
er of listening to himself, his im
provement never ceases. Think what
Young people want the man who
has rhythm to play their dance
music, no matter how many. wrong
notes he may play. In the old-fashioned
waltz they used to step the
time, while in the moderu waltz they
glide the rhythm.
Sopranos hear the melody, but not
the bass. Men who sing bass do not
hear the melody. Every student
should work for the ability to hear
all the voices together.
When all these things have been
mastered, try to get the composer's
thought in mind and convey it to
your listeners by means of your in
strument. Just playing mere notes is
like writing words from a spelling
book and expecting jour friend to
get a message from them. It is not
the notes you play, but the thought
with which you play them, that
makes people want to listen to you.
Peter Gradoville, Cass county mu
sic director, musi; week committee
RUMANIA REPLIES TO NAZIS
LONDON, April 22 (UP) Ru
mania, in an astonishingly frank
reply to a questionnaire from Ger
many on whether she considers her
self menaced by Germany said to
day that "Germany is in a better
position than Rumania to know her
The Rumanian reply, considered in
diplomatic circles to be almost a
nnub, was obtained from British
r.ourccs. It denied that Rumania was
aware in advance of President Roose
velt's peace message.
The reply admitted that Rumania
has certain apprehensions because of
world conditions as to affect Eu
ropean peace. It said that Rumania,
having no direct frontier with Ger-
many, cannot see any direct possi
bility of a German attack and con
cluded with the reminder that Ger
many must know her own plans.
TOWN CLEANUP DIRECTED
BY GIRL TOM SAWYER
OGDEN, Utah (UP) Ogdcn made
its own version of Mark Twain's
classic when the city chose a female
Tom Sawyer to inaugurate its spring
Competing for the title "Queen of
Cleanliness," a dozen pretty Ogden
misses lined up with commissioners
and Junior Chamber of Commerce
members to try their hand at Tom
Sawyer's task whitewashing.
The fence to be whitewashed sur
rounded the site of the nen- city-
county building and each contestant
wcrked on a designated section.
Says Ready for
West Coast Labor Leader Long Ob
ject of Attacks rs Alleged Alien
and Communist Ally.
SAN FRANCISCO, Apiil 22 (UP)
Harry Rridgss, Australian bor:
west cc3st labor leader, said today
lie was ready and anxious for a la
bor department hearing on ti:e latest
efforts to have him deported as an
Informed that Secretary of I.ali
Frances Perkins had ordered a prompt
hearing cn charges he was a rncmlvr
of the communist party, Pridges s.ai 1
"mabe now we can get this matter
cleared up or.ee and for all." He wa.;
sworn under oath he is riot a party
Orders for immigration officers in
San Francisco, Portland and Seattle
to assemble all aiFidavits and infor
mation in the case led to a conclusion
that the hearing would be held here.
Miss Perkins was reported to have
said the date of the heaiing wouiJ
depend cn how quickly information
on the case could be assembled. A
previous hearing was scheduled here
a year ago but held up until the
supreme court ruled on the Joseph
G. Strecker case.
In the Strecker case, t!ic supreme
court ruled last Monday that past
membership in the communist party
was not grounds for deportation.
The court did not rule on whether
the party was anarchistic.
The decision in favor of S tree! or
was expected by some to result in
action against Bridges being dropped.
Miss Perkins announced, however, she
was informed by her aides the court's
decision did not bar action against
Bridges and other .liens whose ex
pulsion is sought cn grounds the com
munist party is a subversive organ
ization. The Bridges case, she said, would
hinge on whether the party advocates
overthrow of the United States gov
ernment by force and violence.
Charges against Bridges have been
made from time to time since lfM
when he gained prominence in the
west coast waterfront stiike. He en
tered the country in 1920. twice per
mitted applications for citizenship to
lapse because he was "too busv v ith
other things." and last month hied
his third application.
Spirit of Hardy
First District Congressman at Arbor
Day Exercises Says Need Today
for Pioneer Spirit.
WASHINGTON, April 22 ( UP)
Representative George II. Ilfinke, R.,
Neb., speaking at ceremonies in ob
servance of Arbor day, today declared
that the need fur pioneering Mill
exist? in the United States.
Heinke spoke at the department of
agriculture building where a tree
taken from Arbor Lodg. Nebraska
City, home of J. Sterling Morton was
replanted. The Nebraska congres
sional delegation attended the cere
Heinke praised Morton as a pio
neer who "dip harged every obli
gation to his country and the society
in which he lived."
"Pioneering." he sid. "is not con
fined to the subduing of inhospitable
lands and converting them into a vir
tual paradise for those who follow,
but it extends as well to current
problems such as the scien c of gov
ernment, man's relation with his fel
lows, issues which involie labor, in
dustry, finance, jurisprudence. Fai
ence in all its branches, conservation
rf our uatural resources, and. In
fact, a field so large that it not only
embraces every conceivable activity
of the race but challenges the in
genuity of every member of it."
Heinke said Morton "knew of no
rubstitute for industry, courage, per
severance, frugality, thrift, and
economy was a practical man, not
STUDENT ODDLY "PLASTERED"'
BUTTE, Mont. (UPi One sfi
dent at the Montana School of Mine:
who got "plastered" will net b? pun
ished bv the college authorities. H:
i3 Bob Blewett who, during a labor
atory class in ceramics volunteerc 1
to have a mask made of his fac;-.
All went well until the mask hard
ened and every effort to remove it
failed. Doctors finally succeeded in
dissolving the harder.ed plaster.
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