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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Dec. 12, 1938)
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PLATTSilGUTH SEMI - WEEEtY JOTOTAI
HOITDAY. DECEMBER 12, 1928.
Early Day Residents of the Plains
Country Both Men and Women
Known by Nicknames.
Nicknames arise In a number of
ways. Some are colorful, some not,
but most of them spring from the life
of the times, reflecting the character
of outstanding: people. Research
workers of the Federal Writers' Proj-.
ect, WPA, find this especially true of
nicknames applied to characters on
the Nebraska plains 'when the west
was the "Flaming West."
Billy the Bear (L. J. F. lager):
Was an early day cowhand around
Ogallala, who later joined Buffalo
Bill's trouple. So badly had lager
been frozen while riding in Wyo
ming that a part of both legs and the
fingers of both hands had to be am
putated. He acquired his nickname
while playing the part of a grizzly
bear in Bugalo Bill's show. He later
became clerk of the district court at
Chadron, and secretary and treasurer
of the Old Time Cowboys' Associa
tion of Nebraska.
Buffalo Bill (William F. Cody):
Was a buffalo hunter and showman,
who did most of his buffalo hunting
while employed by the Kansas Paci
fic railroad in 1 SG7-1 8 6S. "Having
contracted with one of the road man
agers to furnish 25 buffalo a day to
the camp, he kilted 4,280 buffalo
in 18 months. The "Paddys" em
ployed on the road grew tired of buf
falo meat. When they saw him com
ing they would say, "Here comes
Buffalo Bill; sharpen up your grind
ers." He sono became known along
the entire Kansas Pacific line as
Calamity Jane (Martha Jane Ca
nary) : Was a quarrelsome and rowdy
frontier character. She was said to
cause some sort of trouble wherever
Bhe went; she was quick to become
angered, and, being always armed,
she shot numerous persons. Eleven
of her twelve husbands were sup
posed to have met untimely deaths
at her hands.
California Joe (Moses Embroe Mil
ner): Was a well known hunter and
scout on the plains in the days of
Buffalo Bill, Doc' Carver; Buffalo
Curley, and others. He died at Fort
Robinson, Nebraska, In 1876. While
panning for gold near Virginia City,
Mont., he killed three claim jumpers
who tried to take his cabin from
him. Later he met four men he bus
pected of being friends of the men
he had killed, and when these men
asked what his name was, he replied
that it was "Joe," and that he was
from California. The four thereafter
called him California Joe, a nick
name by which he soon became popu
Doc Carver (Dr. W. F. Carver):
Was a buffalo hunter and a showman.
He was considered the world's great
est rifle shot. In 1873, in a contest
with Jack McCall (Buffalo Curley,
who later assassinated Wild Bill
Hickok in a Dead wood saloon) Car
ver rode his old white horse "Sur
prise" behind a fleeing buffalo herd
and killed 160 of them before his
horse dropped exhausted beneath
him. For this he won the title Cham
pion Buffalo Hunter of the Plains.
His rifle and one of his saddles is
now In the collection of Charles Nor
din, Omaha. Besides the familiar
"Doc," by which he was known to
the whites, he was called by the In
dians "The Evil Spirit of the Plains,"
because of his phenomenal accuracy
with a rifle.
Idaho Bill (Barney Pearson): Was
a mountain lion hunter in various
parts of the Rocky mountains, and a
.horse-breaker in' Idaho before he
came to Nebraska. He is now living
in Hastings, Nebraska.
Little Bat (Baptiste Gamier): Was
a scout and interpreter in govern
ment employ, who, after being killed
by a bar-keeper in Crawford, was
buried in the Ftjft Robinson ceme
tery. The soldiers at Fort Robinson
contracted his name to Bat, and call
ed Little Bat to distinguish him from
Big Bat, Baptiste Pourier, an older
scout in government service.
Little Curly Hair (Eva Raymond):
Was said to be one of the two most
beautiful women who ever rode the
plains. A daredevil horsewoman, she
was first of a racing throng to con
gratulate Doc Carver when he won
the title "Champion Buffalo Hunter
of the Plains" from Buffalo Curley
on the Frenchman in 1873. Her
name Little Curly Hair was the
"rahominnieminsh" of the Medicine.
Parson Bob (Philip Robert Lan
don): Was a Custer scout during
the Indian wars and the foster fath
er of Calamity Jane. He later became
a lecturer at Dana College, Blair, Ne
braska. "When a man died in his
boots, I was called upon ... to
preach, and that is the way I got
my name," he said. He first became
an Impromptu preacher at the burial
of Calamity Jane's mother, when he
was the only man in camp who could
remember the Lord's prayer. "
Red Jacket (Mary Woodward):
Was a town character of Chadron,
Nebraska, and had a claim along the
White river In Dawes county. Pos
sessed of a Winchester and a violent
temper, she was often dangerous.
She died impoverished by defending
herself from a murder charge. She
got her nickname when, as an at
tractive young women "running"
the Mississippi river, she always
wore a red jacket; the name remain
ed with her the rest of her life.
Mild Bill Hickok (James B.
Hickok: Was a wagon-master whon
won great notoriety for the Sic
Canles murder at the Rock Creek Sta
tion July 12, 1861. According to
one account, he claimed to have gone
crazy after the McCanles affair, slash
ing about him wildly with his knife,
from which incident he took his
name. By another account he got
his name when he intimidated a
gang in a saloon in Indepenence, Mis
souri, by drawing his pistols and
threatening the entire crowd. At
this time an unknown woman called
him "Wild Bill." He was also called
"Prince of Plstoleers."
Dr. E. C. Young:, of Purdue Univer
sity Speaks at Program of
LINCOLN, Dec. 9 (UP) An op
timistic view of the farm situation
was taken by Dr. E. C. Young, Pur
due university economist, in an ad
dress to more than 1,0000 farm men
and women who attended a general
assembly program of organized agri
His optimism was echoed in a re
port by Arthur G. George, Nebraska
extension economist, during the rural
Dr. Young observed that corn belt
prosperity is determined by two
principal factors, the general price
level and domestic industrial prosper
ity. "Our maximum national prosperity
cannot be reached without resumption
of normal trade relations with fore
ign countries," he remarked, "but the
purchasing power of our corn seems
likely to be maintained at or above
its present level.
"According to the majority opinion
the best we can hope for in the corn
belt is to make the best of a bad
mess. But my view of farming in the
corn belt is still essentially optimistic.
If prices follow the trend history
shows, we will have higher prices
again on the farm, since the part
of the cycle we are now in appears
to be that part just before a price
Meanwhile, at the annual Nebras
ka dairymen's association banquet
anouncement was made that the award
for the best producing record in Ne
braska dairy herd improvement "work
went to the Ackerhurst farm of Ben
nington for the second consecutive
The herd of registered Holsteins
everaged 538.9 pounds of butterfat.
Fred Leibers of Bennett had the sec
ond high producing herd. His Hol
steins everaged 470.2 pounds butter
fat. Harold Hergott of the North
Platte Valley Cow Testing association
won a medal as the most efficient
association supervisor in Nebraska
New association officers are Harry
L. Severe, Palmyra, president; Don
H. Morton, Beatrice, vice-president;
L. K. Crowe, Lincoln, secretary-treasurer;
Prof. P. A. Downs, Lincoln,
Harvey Raben of Nebraska City
was elected president Of the Nebras
ka horticultural society, succeeding
Dearie Baker of Shubert. Other of
ficers are William Porter, Nebraska
City, first vice-president; Val Keyser.
Shubert, second vice-president; J. F.
Shubert, Shubert, treasurer; E. H.
Hoppert, extension horticulturist, re
ST0EM TROOPS MAY SHOOT
BERLIN, Dec. 10 (UP) The sup
reme court ruled Friday that a uni
formed man of the S. S. Elite guard
may shoot if, while dealing with an
illegal act, he is in danger of being
overwhelmed. The case before the
court dealt with a uniformed S. S.
who found it necessary to shoot a
man while quelling a disturbance.
"A uniformed S. S. man cannot
engage in a brawl with fists," the
court ruled, declaring that it would
be out of keeping with the dignity of
Part of State
Commissioner of the Bureau of Re
clamation Tells in Paper of
SCOTTSBLUFF. Neb., Dec. 9 (UP)
Irrigation increased the assessed
value of property in Scottsbluff coun
ty from 11,459,000 in 1909 to $23.
936,000 In 1936, John C. Page, Wash
ington, commissioner of the bureau
of reclamation told the Nebraska Irri
gation association convention here
today in a paper read by C. F. Glea
son of North Platte. Page could not
attend the meeting.
Irrigated lands in this county,
Page said, are assessed as high as
$80 per acre as against a low of $3
for non-irrigated lands in the pan
From inception of the reclamation
program begun by Theodore Roose
velt in 1902 until Franklin D. Roose
velt renewed the fight for conser
vation upon his inauguration to the
presidency, Page said 34 projects had
been completed, watering 3,000,000
acres of land and creating homes
for 900,000 persons in 16 western
These projects, he said, produce
each year about $100,000,000 in
wealth and bank deposits last year
amounted to $225,000,000. The to
tal cost of the 34 projects was esti
mated at $250,000,000, of which
$50,000,000 has been repaid.
' "Under Franklin D. Roosevelt," he
said, "projects combining multiple
conservation purposes, such as aid
to navigation, flood control, and
power development combined with
irrigation are being constructed to
provide water for 2,500.000 addi
tional acres, and a supplementary
water supply for another 2,500,000
acres of western lands."
He warned that the water be used
prudently and that the development
of resources must not proceed blind
ly or without careful weighing of
economic and social considerations.
He particularly warned against the
widespread use of pump irrigation.
"The history of irrigation by
pumping from wells in some sections
of the west is so tragically eloquent
that its lessons must not be over
looked." Page said.
"Wasteful over-irrigation by wa
ter users in one locality may deprive
others elsewhere of the opportunity
to produce crops and maintain
IRRIGATION ASSOCIATION ELECTS
SCOTTSBLUFF, Neb., Dec. 10
(UP) The Nebraska Irrigation as
sociation state convention closed here
last night with election of Walter
Shoupe of Sutherland as president
after efforts of a group to pass reso
lutions opposing federal govern
mental control of streams within the
state, were voted down.
The measure met united opposi
tion from the big Platte river proj
ects now under construction, the Tri
County and Platte Valley, as well as
from many delegates from this sec
tion of the river.
Leo Daniels, Bayard, was chosen
first vice president; R. J. Hilsabeck,
Kenesaw, second vice president, and
R. H. Willis, Bridgeport, was re
elected secretary and Mark Spangle,
Bridgeport, re-elected treasurer.
JOB PLACEMENTS LOWER
LINCOLN, Dec. 10 (UP) Job
placements by the Nebraska state em
ployment service during November
declined 2.8 per cent in comparison
with the same month last year Di
rector Harry Bane reported today.
Jobs were obtained for 2,947 ap
plicants. 1.020 in private industries
and 1,927 in governmental agencies.
Placements included 157 veterans, a
9 per cent gain over November, 1937.
COST OF PNEUMONIA CASE $167
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9 (UP)
The average case of pneumonia in
large cities costs approximately $167
the U. S. public health service report:
ed today. The figure was based on
studies made in New York City by
Joseph Hirsch, a research expert in
medical economics, on the basis of his
findings the health service estimated
the annual bill for the disease in the
United States os $75,000,000.
FIND SECOND MURDER VICTIM
JANSEVILLE, Wis.. Dec. 10 (UP)
County authorities today found evi
dence indicating that Curtis Hanson,
itinerant farm hand who killed a 15
year old school girl and committed
suicide last Monday had a second
victim a 74 year old pensioner who
has been missing for more than a
STEEL CARS SAVE PASSENGERS
DEFIANCE. Ohio, Dec. 10 (UP)
Ten cars of the Baltimore & Ohio
railroad's Foft Pitt Limited bound
from Chicago to Pittsburgh plunged
from the rails east of here earlyto
day, throwing scores of sleeping
passengers from their berths. Three
were treated in the Defiance hospital.
Trainmen attributed the small num
ber of injuries to the all steel con
struction of the Pullman cars. The
wreck occurred son a straight stretch
of track while the Fort Pitt was
running at high speed. It was be
lieved that the tender or the second
locomotive dropped a pin, derailing
it and the coaches behind.
Frank D. Burgess
Named as Deputy
Member of Two of the Old and Prom
inent Families of Plattsmouth
and Cass County.
LINCOLN, Dec. 9 (UP) Dr. T.
W. Bass, state treasurer-elect an
nounced the appointment today of
Frank D. Burgess, 46, former banker
at Cedar Rapids, Nebraska as deputy
His banking experience includes
several years, first as bookkeeper and
later cashier of the Citizens State
Bank of Cedar Rapids and as vice
president and later president of the
Farmers State bank in the same com
munity. In 1932 he accepted a posit
ion with the Omaha branch of the
regional agricultural credit corpora
tion and was promoted subsequently
to assistant treasurer. He held this
position until the office was transfer
red to Sioux City, Iowa. He assumes
his new work in January. The salary
is $2,640 per year. Coincident with
the appointment, Dr. Bass said, his
$1,000,000 bond as state treasurer
had been filed and now awaits ap
proval of Governor Cochran and Sec
retary of State Harry R. Swanson.
The bond was provided through east
ern bonding companies.
Mr. Burgess is a member of two
of the prominent families that were
here from early days and is a nephew
of Mrs. J. A. Donelan of this city. His
father was Dr. Frank Burgess of
Omaha, a son of the late Canon H.
B. Burgess and wife and his mother.
Ella White, daughter of the late Mr.
and Mrs. A. W. White.
NEW YORK, Dec. 10 (UP) The
New York Post announce! today that
a despondent Jewish girl who had
threatened suicide by hurling herself
under a truck had been located and
now deeply regrets her "moment of
The young woman's letter announc
ing the death attempt for Thursday
was printed in the newspaper. The
paper replied, promising to aid her in
finding work. The Post today in a
letter to readers explained:
"She wants Post readers to know
that she is sorry to have caused them
alarm. That she is now assured of
a chance to earn a living, that she is
grateful to those who offered to help
VIEWS ELEANOR GLIDE
NEW YORK, Dec. 9 (UP) Mrs.
Eleanor Roosevelt attended a preview
Thursday on a new dance, the Elea
nor Glide, for which her ideas served
as the inspiration.
The dance was devised by Miss
Mayris Chaney and Edward Fox who
will introduce it at a dinner at the
White House next Tuesday.
"I think it was made up," said
Mrs. Roosevelt, "after a talk we
had about old fashioned steps a little
while ago. I showed them the polka,
mazurka and barn dance and I think
they've made a combination of
She said she was highly pleased
with the dance.
GRANT EMPLOYEES BONUS "
HARTFORD, Conn., Dec. 10 (UP)
Directors of Aetna Life and affi
liated insurance companies voted to
day to give 6,600 employees a Christ
mas week bonus of half a month's
pay, amounting to an expenditure of
NETHERLANDS PLANE CRASHES
AMSTERDAM, Dec. 9 (UP) Four
members of the crew of a new Lock
heed airliner of The Netherlands
Airlines were killed today when the
plane crashed in taking off for a test
flight. No passengers were aboard.
Rubber Stamps, prompt deliv
ery, lowest prices. All sizes at the
Eden to Observe
to Europe's Perils
Will Check Attitude of the American
People of the Threat to Demo
cracies of World.
NEW YORK, Dec. 10 (UP) An
thony Eden, who resigned as British
foreign minister because of his gov
ernment's policy of "dealing with
dictators," disclosed today that he
was visiting the United States to
listen and learn the American view
point on perils to European demo
cracy. He said that Great Britain was
acutely conscious of its own perils
and was resolved to stand firm. To
day, he and Mrs. Eden will see the
sights and tonight they will look over
some American night clubs.
Earnest and affable, he arrived
late yesterday on the liner Aquitania,
boarded a cutter at quarantine in
the rain, and was rushed to the ball
room of the Waldorf Astoria hotel
where 4,000 persons, including many
leading industrialists were attending
the annual dinner of the National
Association of Manufacturers.
There, the handsome, young states
man made his first public appear
ance in the United States where
his great-great-grandfather, Robert
Eden, had presided as last colonial
governor of Maryland before the Am
erican revolution. His defense of
democratic rights and principles was
spirited. He discussed the English
man's place in the "gathering
storms" of world strife but did not
attempt to prescribe any course of
action for the United States.
He described democracy as a uni
versity "In which we learn from one
"It can never be a barracks where
blind obedience is the first essential.
In our university, then, we must be
continually re-examining our poli
tical faith, and applying it to the
conditions of the modern world. . . .
"Democracy must have the
strength of the best tempered steel,
not rigid, but supple. It must have
the strength of the highest form of
discipline self-discipline. It must
have the courage to recognize mis
takes and injustices, as well as to
stand firm for what is right and
He made only a vague reference
to the United States' position in the
struggle of European democracies.
"The differences In my country
and yours are many and varied," he
said. "Indeed, I am prepared to dis
cover many more such differences
in the next few days than I have
been conscious of .hitherto. Yet, de
spite them all, our conception of
the state of society is very much
the same. ...
"We and you stand for democracy
because we stand for the rights of
the individual; because our purpose
is to assure freedom for the expres
sion of thought; to encourage condi
tions in which the individual human
personality can live and grow. Man,
in our view, was not made for the
state; the state was made for man
... It would indeed be the greatest
iron in human history if mankind
were to allow all progress to be
stifled by the setting up of a new
form of idolatry: the worship of the
state, to which all men must bow
down, and to which they must sacri
fice freedom of faith, of speech, of
worship. Yet such is now the doc
trine in many lands."
TO SHEAR MINISTER OF RANK
BERLIN, Dec. 10 (UP) The
church ministry soon 'will deprive
the Rev. Martin Niemoeller, militant
Evangelical leader, of his status as
a pastor of the Evangelical church,
it was reported reliably today.
Since Niemoeller has been sus
pended from office and is not draw
ing a salary, his deprivation from
office would mean no direct loss.
However, it would involve further
hardships for his family because they
would be required to give up their
lodgings in the church-owned build
ings where they are staying.
Pastors organizations also will be
forbidden to help the Niemoeller
PUTNAM FILES WILL
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 9 (UP)
George Palmer Putnam today finally
abandoned hope that his wife, Amelia
Earhart, would be found live. He
filed her will for probate.
The petition said the aviatrix "died
about July 2, 1937, in an airplane
accident, somewhere between British
New Guiena and Howland Island In
the south Pacific."
Only estimate of the value of the
estate was the routine entry that it
was "in excess of $10,000."
PACKED HOUSE AT CASS
TOY MATINEE TODAY
From Saturday's Daily
' When the doors were thrown open
at one, o'clock this afternoon for the
Cass theatre's toy matinee, a long
line of youngsters was waiting with
toys and clothing to gain admission
to the show which Manager Griffin
is contributing as his part of the pre
Christmas festivities in Plattsmouth.
The seating capacity was quickly
taken and still more coming as late
as 2:15. In order that all might be
able to see the complete show, Man
ager Griffin arranged for a continu
ous run until late afternoon.
American Legion Auxiliary ladies
were present to gather the toys and
clothing and are being aided by the
entire Recreation Center force, led
by Director Sundstrom, with Messrs.
Gradoville, Yelick, Farney, Jackson
and Bajeck assisting, were on hand
to help handle the toys, and John
Boetel is contributing his services in
transporting the boxes and baskets
from the theatre to the Recreation
Center headquarters where the toys
will all be gone over, repaired and re
painted if necessary and made ready
for general distribution at Christ
The Legion Auxiliary, which for
several years in conjunction with
Mr. Griffin, has sponsored a toy mat
inee, will furnish money from Its
Child Welfare fund to meet the cost
of repairs and paint, while Recrea
tion Service employees will again do
MUST WATCH INCOME
MEXICO CITY, Dec. 10 (UP)
The constitutional committee of the
chamber of deputies has favorably
reported a bill designed to discourage
government officials from adding ma
terially to their fortunes while they
hold public office it was announced
The bill is called "the responsibil
ities of government ' functionaries
It provides that officials upon' tak
ing office must present an inventory
of lands, bank acounts and other as
sets for comparison with their hold
ings when they leave office. This,
it is explained would prevent "inex
plicable enrichment of public func
tionaries." REDUCE RATES
TUPELO, Mich., Dec. 10 (UP)
Mayor J. P. Manney of Tupelo, chief
municipality in the nation to distrib
ute TVA yard stick power, announced
today reductions of industrial and
commercial rates by 5 and 11 Vt per
cent respectively It was the second
rate reduction since Tupelo began us
ing TVA power in 1933 Three years
ago all rates in the city were slashed
10 per cent Nanney said another re
duction of residential rates probably
would be made early in 1939.
AGAINST CHAIN STORE TAX
LINCOLN, Dec. 10 (UP) The Ne
braska Farm Bureau Federation
took a stand at its annual conven
tion here in opposition to a "discrim
inatory chain store tax," Secretary
Everett T. Winter said today.
The chain store tax is expected to
be a controversial problem during
the legislative session this winter.
Which permits the payment of taxes, both real estate
and personal, without interest, except from March 19,
1937, o date of payment, -
If you have allowed your
it means a big saving to
John Doe owns a residence in Plattsmouth upon
which the taxes are delinquent since 1932:
If paid under this law the tax figures. .$553.07
If allowed to run until Jan. 1, 1939. . . 618.87
Take advantage of the saving and clean up your taxes
before the law expires. Call Co. Treasurer for figures.
Mill E. TOniJEO, Go. Trca
Good for Prize
With Hard Work, Plattsmouth's Ex
perienced Debate Trio Fore
cast as State Champs.
Increased interest in high school
debating and the fine training it gives
i indicated by the composition of
this year's debate squad at Platts
niouth high school. Senior debaters
are Homer (Jack) Barton, John Bes
tor and Harriet Case. This is the
third year of high school debating
for these three. During this time
each has taken part in over one
hundred debates. It is interesting to
note that, since in each debate each
debater talks for fifteen minutes, this
indicates that each of these three
debaters has talked 25 hours. Since
this has been done before all kinda
of judges, who often give detailed
and pointed criticisms immediately
after the debate, the Intensity of de-
hating as a field of practical public
Breaking is apparent. In fact the
time spent actually speaking in a
high school public ppeaking class
does not equal more than three hours
for each student each semester.
These three Seniors, Barton, Bes-
tor and Case, are among the better
high school debaters of Nebraska.
Bestor and Case proved their abil
ity last spring by qualifying for the
quarter-finals of the state debate
tournament along with only five
other Nebraska teams. Barton has
been even 'better than Bestor and
Case at unrts this year. In a recent
practice debate at Omaha's North
h'gh school, the North high debate
coach ranked Barton as superior to
any Omaha debater of this year.
North High produced last year's
state champions. (Bestor and Case
have not debated at North high this
year). It is quite generally agreed
that hard work is all that stands be
tween these three and the Nebraska
high school debating championship
for 19 39. Hard work is necessary to
achieve success in any line, and
doubly so in debating.
John Morris, a first year Junior
debater, is showing unusual prom
ise for a beginner. The same can be
said of Ruth Lowson, who is only
a Freshman. Richard Hitt, another
Junior, has several of the qualities
required for good debating. These
three now give promise of a fine
team for next year.
Not to be counted out, however,
are several other Freshmen of real
ability, Gertrude Cloidt, Bill Hula.
Cary Marshall, Margaret Fricke,
Mary Anne Winscott, Roberta Bev
eridge and Elizabeth Anne Wiles.
These Freshmen have already had
practice debates with Technical
high school debaters and with North
high school debaters in Omaha.
Any of the above listed beginners
is capable of doing much to carry
on the fine record that Barton, Bes
tor and Case will leave behind when
they graduate next May.
We can rurnlsft you with num
ber Stamps made to order at a
price considerably below that you
have been paying. Prompt service.
If you need stamps, Me us.
II mm a , I im f '
taxes to become delinquent,
pay under the provisions of