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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Sept. 16, 1918)
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1918.
FEATTSMOUTH SEMI-WEEKLY JOURIfAC.
13bc plattsmoutb journal
PUELISIIED SEMI-WEEKLY AT PLATTSMOUTH, NEBRASKA
Kntered at I'ostoffice, I'lattsmouth, Neb., as second-class mail matter
R. A. BATES, Publisher
SUBSCRIPTION PRICE $2.00 PER YEAR IN ADVANCE
Don't call a man a bonehead.
In your angry agitation;
Remember that your own head
lias some osseous formation.
IINI ORC1J the curfew law.
Keep your children at home.
Stop the petty thieving at night.
Ilurrah for the Stars and Stripes
let them wave.
The wolf at the door Is often only
an advance agent f.tr other visitors.
Orily the Salvation Army olks
know how 'he dough-boys fought on
Mrie-half the world seems to be
t r i i. to s-e how little the other
halt can live on.
Sive your dollars. Tlie nickles.
which won't buy anything;, will
take tare of themselves.
Re.-taurant eaters say the "Victory
izri'ldl cakv-s" are shrinking until
th.v l.ok like a victory for the cash
I ii the mean time we shall keep
th' home tires burning and the
t"'-:!itii!u mn moving down on the
tottering German line.
r::c!e Sam is goine to run Fed
eral boarding lo uses. ISut will he
tolerate a star boarder, or must in
mates be standardized?
There are two kinds of people who
arn no help to America those who
want to run the war and those who
want to run away from it.
The Kai.--r says "no enemy can
sh:ik th" strong structure of the
Gem an F.i:pir" Shaking isn't
enough. William. We're going to
With care says a government ex
pert, then is tiiulxr enough to last
tie I'nit'd States 144 years. "With
e;Te." but who will care in 444
South America is using alcohol
to drive automobiles. We have seen
automobiles that appear to have de
rived their motive power from the
Sixfy million pairs of wool socks
tor the soldiers, and Sister Susie
ii still knitting. It is no wonder
our boys have nver had cold feet
during the fighting.
From the eager desire most small
boys have tr play with matches,
fond mothers cannot be blamed for
exp'eting them to set the world afire
when they grow up.
-: o : -
It is plain ed to give every soldier
a farm and forty years in which to
pay fur it. And forty years isn't
any too long, if it is to lie paid for
from the products of some of the
go eminent farms.
What chance is there for a man
to have any fun out of the morning
paper headlines when his wife keeps
saving, "It's jut too good to be
true, those Germans backing away
like that -I just know they're up to
How's This ?
We offer Oro Tl'ir.lrl DIlirs Twarfl
for any ca- of Catarrh that cannot bo
cured by I Tail's Catarrh Mo ltr lno.
Hail's Catarrh Medicine ha3 been taken
fiy catarrh r-ufT .-rer? tr tl: ; fcist thirty
fly years, and ha3 broma known as th6
most reliable redely t r Catarrh. Hail's
Catarrh Medicine ;t.ct3 thru th Blood on
the Mucous surfaces. -xp -Hir-? the Poi
son from the Biood and healing the dis
After you have taken Hall's Cat.nnh
M'dicice for a si.ort time you v.T.I soc r
r-c.it improvement in your con era.
h tr'i St .rt taking HrH Catarrh Me.ji
or.ee and set r.d ci eaUir'.v Son;
'Z '7lSu:Er CO.. Toledo. Ohio.
Fine fall weather.
Stock pasture is pretty good.
Speedsters keep speeding".
Kn force the law.
Pat riot ism comes first.
Duty to our soldier boys next.
A citizen must be American or go.
Is the smashing: of the Wot an line
a prelude to a real Clotterdarame-
We are giving our work, our time
and our money, but "they" our dear
boys are giving their lives.
The idea that the war is all over
but the shouting is incorrect. Its
all over but some shooting.
Generally speaking it is hardly
safe for a man that drive an am
munition wagon to make light of his
The conservative doesn't fear the
revolutionist who plans to "abolish"
property, but the revolutionist who
plans to grab it.
You can run a Ford into a rail
road train, or do anything with it J
without discrediting it. except to j
paint it any other color but black.
Statesmen of the defeatest typo
should have gained a great deal of
saf iesfaction from the recent pri- I
marv elections. Defeat was what i
most of them got.
The striking barbers in the east
threaten to go to work in the ship j
vards. ouite forgetting that their '
special training would make them
more useful in the big timber.
The weather prognost icators pre
dict an early winter. But we will
wait a while longer before we make
any prophesies on the weather. Our
coal bin is a little too low just yet. I
Another example of a strange co
incidence is that the telephone girls j
have received no increase in salaries
since the government took over the
lines, and neither do all the states
have equal suffrage.
Another reason why the news
papers of the country have been
compelled to save paper this year is
in order that the government print
ing office could publish a "2-page
booklet on the button industry, is
sued a week or o ago.
Germany and Austria have agreed
that the present is no time for a
peace offensive, according to a news
dispatch from Switzerland. The
present appears to be a bad time
for any sort of an offensive for Ger
many and Austria, except as to their
conversation, which is always offen
Germany has told her soldiers
that the nation must have a big in
demnity for her sacrifices in the war
and that the soldiers must bring in
tho loot "accordingly. Which is
another hard job for the German
soldier. He didn't leave anything
the first time he went over the
ground between the Hindenburg line
and the Rhine.
Every day or so somebody writes
in to inquire whether "The Star
Spangled Banner" is really the na
tional anthem. Well, when it is
played as such, and everybody
stands, and all the men in uniform
come to attention, and all the
civilians take off their hats, it is
safe to assume that it is, and highly
advisable to govern yourself accord
AMERICANS FIGHT IN BELGIUM
America will be thrilled by the an
nouncement that our troops for the
first time are fighting upon the Boil
of Belgium. Certain large detach
ments have been there for nearly two
months, although the news has
been kept from the public. In fact
upon July 4,- when free peoples
throughout the world were doing
homage to the nation's birthday,
our boys were crossing the border
into the little remnant of the mar
tyred kingdom. There a joyous wel
come was accorded them by the Bel
gium people. Now, in conjunction
with their British comrades, they
have moved forward, capturing Voor-
mezcele and several other strong
positions near Ypres.
This news, when it filters through
to the suffering Belgian people as
sooner or later it must, cannot fail
to give them renewed hope. It will
bring home to them the realization
that help from the great republic
across the Atlantic is close at hand.
Throughout the long years of slavery
and oppression America has don?
much to keep the unhappy people
from despair. American food and
clothing, American sympathy and
later American promises of military
assistance have made them retain
their faith that the cause of justice
must eventually prevail. With the
Germans giving up Belgian villages
before the assaults of American
troops, can they resist the hope that
deliverance cannot much longer be
NOT A RICH MAN'S WAR.
This is not a rich man's war as
some of the I. W. W. continue to
assert. The banks and the financial
publications have furnished more
men than any of the other industries
in ration to their numbers. They did
that before the draft was ordered
and have been harder hit since that
time, for those engaged in such oc
cupations are generally young men.
There is one prominent bank in the
New York financial district whose
president some two years ago replac
ed men past their best usefulness
with younger ones. He has not a
man on his staff, except himself,
who is not liable to the draft. Re
sides that, hardly one of them could
ask for exemption because their
wives and children were dependent
upon their work for maintenance, as
they are well-to-do. When drafted
there is no excuse for them and they
must go, with very few exceptions.
Then there i.s another tiling that
must be taken into consideration.
Taxes have been so arranged that
the wealthy, notwithstanding they
must furnish their quota of men.
must also pay a very large part ot
the expenses of the war. Of course
there are more of the wage work
ers in the war than there are bank
ers and bond dealers, but that is be
cause there are so very many more
of them. These rich men must no!
only do their share of the actual
fighting, but they must do much of
the important work at home. They
must raise the money to pay war cx
penses, and immense-amounts to as
sist the allies. The government
has already loaned Great Rritain.
$7.01)2,0 10,090, and France and
Italy have been assisted in like man
ner. The fact is that every class in
the United States is doing its best
to win the war. World Herald.
B0LSIIEVISM IS WANING.
The announcement that long
stretches of railway in Russia and
Siberia are held by the Czechoslo
vak forces must hasten the revision
of opinion that has been going on
in this country about the Bolshevist
movement. Testimony has been
conflicting. Responsible observers
have reported that the Rolsheviki
really represent the vast majority of
the Russian people. Others have in
sisted that the whole movement was
on the point of collapse.
Evidently, if this comparatively
small alien force can control the
main line of communication for sev
eral thousand miles, the present gov
ernment can have no great strength
with the Russian people. Indeed, as
was reported from Stockholm yes
terday, a leading Social Revolution
ist publicly asserted at the all-Rus
sian Soviet Congress that the Bol-
sheviki did not represent more than
10 per cent of the peasants.
It is difficult to get at the facts
in a country of such vast extent, with
little training in sef government
and with dense illiteracy. In the
general election held a year ago less
than a third of the delegates chosen
for the constituent assembly were
Bolsheviki. That assembly was dis
solved by force.
Kerensky was able to hold the su
preme power for a few months with
out the use of bayonets. Lenine and
Trotzky proved much more practic
al. They have used methods to re
tain power that would have put the
old autocracy to shame. Opponents
of their regime have been imprison
ed by wholesale and there have been
many executions. Men and women
who had given their lives to the
revolutionary movement have suffer
ed the fate that might have been
expected to be meted out to the ad
herents of the czar. By ruthless
terrorism the Bolshevist govern
ment has maintained itself now for
nearlv a year.
In the .same way the Moderates of
the French Revolution were sup
planted and pursued by the Terror
ists under Robespierre. Analogies
are deceptive. But may not the Rus
sian reign of terror come to the
same end a.s the French?
Apparently the bulk of the Rus
sian peasants are not interested m
the national government. Travelers
report hundreds of miles of farming
country in which the people ur?
peaceful, asking only to be let alone.
But one aspect of the situation i;
becoming intolerable. The break
down in the economic life of the na
tion is so great that people are sut-
'ring trom want or shoes, oi ciotn-
ing. ot all manuiac nireu ariu .es.
the same time the deficiencies ol th"
transportation system are causing
famine in some districts, whik'' oth
ers have plenty of supplies. The
gravity of the situation was recog
nized by Lenine several months au-
in the mamiesio in which ih- m-
- . ! 1.,. . ! . .
nounced a compromise with ih"
A government under which s
much disorganisation has occurred
?ouId not be expected to evoke any
sreat enthusiasm. The success of
the Czecho-Slovak movement indi
cates that this is the case.
Russia has still to find herself.
Possiblv the day of her redemption
The following proposed amendment
to the constitution of the State o!
Nebraska, as hereinafter set forth in
full, 13 submitted to the electors o!
the State of Nebraska to be voted
upon at the general election to hi
held Tuesday, November 5th, A. D.
JOINT RESOLUTION to amend
Section one (1) of Article seven tTi
of the Constitution of the State of
Be it Resolved by the Legislature of
the State of Nebraska:
Section 1. That Section One of Ar
ticle Seven of the Constitution of thu
State of Nebraska be and the same
hereby is amended by striking out tho
"Second. Tersor.s of foreign birth
who shall have declared their inten
tion to become citizens comformably
to the laws of the United States, on
the subject of naturalization, at least
thirty days prior to an election."
And inserting in the place of tho
words bo stricken, the following
"Second. Tersons of foreign birth
who shall have become citizens of the
United States by naturalization or
otherwise conformably to the laws of
the United States at least thirty day
prior to an election. !
Sec. 2. That at the general elec-
tion nineteen hundred and eighteen
fl918) there shall be submitted to the'
electors of the state for their approval;
or rejection the foregoing proposed
amendment to the constitution relat
ing to the right of suffrage. At such
election, on the ballot of each elector
voting for or against said proposed
amendment, shall be written or printed
the words: "For proposed amend
ment to the constitution relating to
the right of suffrage," and "Against
said proposed amendment to the con
stitution relating to the right of
Sec. 3. If such amendment shall
be approved by a majority of all
electors voting at sucn election, said
amendment shall constitute Section
One (1) Article Seven (7) ot the Con
ttitution of the State of Nebraska.
Approved, April 0, 1918.
CHARLES W. FOOL
Sscreury of Stat.
may come sooner than the outside
world has believed possible. K. C
UNCLE SAM GETS OUT THE VOTE!
There were no hacks to haul the
voters to the polls this morning
There were no precinct workers
checking up the list to see who had
voted and to send out to fetch in
the fellows who were slack. The
political machines weren't on the
job. And yet the vote was out, all
right. You can bet your bottom
oollar on that. Men who were
busy and might not have come to
the polls for an election were right
there. Nobody wanted to take any
chance with Uncle Sam.
Why shouldn't elections be con
ducted the same way? Our whole
national life is based on all the citi
zens elect niir tne officials who are
to run the government. Then why
shouldn't it be made the citizen's
duty, to vote just as much as it is
his duty to register?
Under our present election system
the machine gets a good share of its
power through its ability to get out
the vote. That is why the machine
controlled wards exercise an in
fluence out of all proportion to their
population. The machine brings the
voters to the polls. The uncontrolled
citizen is too often careless about
The political organization is ex
pensive, it costs money to nire cars
and workers to bring the voters in.
That is whv the big corporations
ind the privileged interests have
o much power with the organiza
tions. Thev can tinance campaigns.
Much of this influence would dis
appear if elections were modeled af
ter the national registration and
there were a penalty for failure to
vote. A compulsory voting system
would pull the teeth of t lie profes
: ic ii;; 1 political organizations.
Why wouldn't such a system be
both practical and jut? K. C. Star.
GAUGING THE GERMAN FAILURE
As the result of the four years
and more of the attempt of Kaiser
Wilhclin and his military party to
concjiicr t he world rund dominate it.
Germany is thus situated:
Dead. 2 million; wounded, 4,70o.
000; permanently disabled and a
charge upon the state, 2 million.
Interest bearing war debt, 3S.400
Commerce absolutely destroyed,
'.7 per cent of tonnage captured or
A permanent annual bond inter
est payment of 2 billion dollars;
pension roll annually, billion
dollars; civil administration, 1 1 i
billion dollars; total, 4 billion dol
lars. Income of German people before
the war, 11 billion dollars annually.
Cost of alter consequences of the
war to German people nearly JO per
cent of their annual Income.
Germany's rulers counted on such
a large annual outlay, but figured
with a fatalistic instinct that she
would impose the entire burden on
the nations she would conquer.
Germany has failed, and when
the German people wake up to the
fact that they and not their enemies
will have to pay, will the kaiser and
his militarists hold triumphant mili
tary reviews on the Field of Mars?
Past history of like attempts on a
smaller scale to put the world under
subjection answers in the negative.
Financial World, New York.
Shall the Reno divorce mill be
wiped off the map? This is one of
the questions before the nation-wide
conference of leading lawyers in
Cleveland, August '22. The occasion
I is the meeting of the commissioners
on uniform laws of the several
states. One of the most important
questions before these men is that of
having all the states agree on a uni
form divorce act.
The varied interpretation of the
divorce laws, the commissioners say,
involves serious .questions with re
tard to the status of children and
the ownership of property. While
four-fifths of the states now recog-
The Kind You Have Always
u uue lor over tnirry years, nas Dome the signature of
-., . ana
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good " are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment.
What is CASTOR I A
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains
neither Opium, Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its
age is its guarantee. For more than thirty years it has
been in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency,
"Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying Feverishness arising
thercfrcm, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids
the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's PanaceaThe Mother's Friend.
&mumE CASTOR I A always
In Use For Over 1 Years
The lAir.'JL You Have Always Bought
TH IT CENTAIJO COMPANY. MVWVOPK C I TV
nize the same causes for divorce, the
legal machinery for the granting of
divorce has been made uniform in
only two states. Neither is there
anything like uniformity in mar
Tlie law on this subject which the
conference has formulated would if
adopted, have a radical effect, since
it proposes to abolish the common
law marriage, providing that there
must be a license to marry and a
duly authorized officiating person or
recognized form of ceremony to
make a marrige valid. Stringent
laws forbidding marriages between
parties of certain degrees of relation
ship are said to be flagrantly disre
garded in some states by parties who
step across the state line and marry.
then return to the state where such
laws exist and laugh at the authori
The conference has power only to
formulate and recommend. The laws
must be made uniform by. the action
of the state legislatures. One pur
pose of the forthcoming meeting
will be 4o emphasize on voters the
importance of impressing their state
senators and representatives with
the importance of enacting the uni
form laws the national conference
agrees on. umana isews.
.' 4 , x ..j. . - - - -- 1 v ' V"-
r ; ; immmmmi mis
The rosvn with iworte beai
savirv clt,:1 piuim it,m the Bank, x
THE BEST BOOK YOUR
THERE'S LOTS OF KNOWLEDGE TO BE GAINED BY THE POS
SESSION OF MONEY.
YOU SHOULD TEACH YOUR BOY THE BEST LESSON HE
WILL EVER LEARN "THAT HIS MONEY IS HIS BEST FRIEND"
AND TEACH HIM TO PUT IT SAFE IN THE BANK.
SOME DAY THE BANKER CAN ADVISE HIM HOW TO IN
VEST IT AND HE WILL BE A RICH MAN.
WE ADD 31-2 PER CENT INTEREST ON SAVINGS AC
COUNTS AND PER CENT ON TIME CERTIFICATES.
COME TO OUR BANK.
Farmers State Bank
THE NEW BANK:
OPEN SATURDAY NIGHTS FFOM 7C0 TO 9:00,'
MlXll I llll Iff " - -3T.
Bought, and which has been
nas Deen made under his per-
wv uu4 oux v ioivu exilic x ld Allien i U y
Allow no fin ft tn Hprpiirft irmi in tfiie
STILL REMAINS VERY LOW.
From Friday's raily.
Little Janet Windham, daughter
of Robert Windham jr., and Grand
daughter of It. B. Windham, who
has been sick since the Fourth of
July, is still very low at the hos
pital at Omaha, where she has been
for some months past. The little
girl is greatly emanciated, and with
the extreme seriousness of her case
it seems as though it would be im
possible for her to survive. Still
she holds on to the spark of life
which is truly wonderful, and while
the friends realize the gravity of
her case they still hope that she may
HAD TO COME BACK TO REGISTER
From Friday's Pally.
Wood Rainey departed a few days
since for. Dalton in the western por
tion of the state and thought to go
first to Roselie, and getting back as
far as Fremont, he assayed to reg
ister there as he would not get to
Dalton in time, but he would not be
allowed to register at Fremont, ex
cept he should remain there for
four days after. He thought that
would hardly do so he returned home
last evening in time to register and
this morning departed again for the
west going to Dalton where he will
work in threshing.
Rerlin might begin by giving up
BOY CAN HAVE"! ft A RANK Rrtnu
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