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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 27, 1917)
PLATTSMOUTH SEMI-WEEKLY JOURNAL.
MONDAY. AUGUST 27, 1917.
On every front to which Czech sol
di t-rs are sent the Austrian generals
:V.I!y understand what it means when
a r.ation desires to break down the
v.-lls of its jail.
From the very first day of the war
it was clear that the Czech soldiers
voiild not fight for the cause of the
Germans and Magyars against their
friends the nations of the Entente.
Th-y were therefore put at oncv un
til r careful observation at the front
:is well as behind the lines. The
w.itch increistnl in severity with ev
try month of the war.
' This is not a war secret," said
Prince Ludwig YYindischgnitz in the
Hungarian Parliament on August 2S,
"mil the whole world sees it,
how the service battalions are com
posed so that in every Czech service
battalion at least 4 per cent of Mag
yar and German troops are includ
ed." Vet all these measures could not
present the Czech soldiers from car
ring out their purpose. Though
;:r. fully watched by their German
and Magyar hangmen they contin
ued individually and in groups and
even in regiments to pass over to
the side which, in the Austrian ter
minology, is that of the enemy, but
to the Czechs is that of their libera
tors. In September. 1014. the Sth
Rer.iment of the Czech Landwehr,
when ordered to march to the Rus
sian front refused obedience and at
tacked its German officers.
Thereupon the 75th German Regi
ment was sent against it and the
Czechs had to pay the penalty of
their revolt. The .'th Regiment, re
cruited from the district of Mlada
R(,les!av also mutined whilst still in
Bohemia and was decimated by the
Germans and Magyars. More effec
tive was. however, the action of the
Cechs at the front. The fact that
p.. veral Czech regiments crossed over
to the Serbian side contributed much
to the icnomir.ous Austrian defeat in
Serbia in the closing months of the
year 1114. Thus the 12nd Regiment,
recruited from Benesov. crossed over
in a body to the Serbians and en
tered Xish with its hand playing the
Serbian national hymn. Similar in
cidents occurred also at the Russian
front. Some regiments, as for in
stance, the SSth .from Reno. were
found out when attempting to sur
render to their friends, ami were
massacred by the German and Mag
yar troops; others however, like the
::"th Regiment from the town of Pil-s-n
and the 2th Regiment from
Prague, succeeded in crossing over
to the Russian side.
Similarly of the 11th Regiment
from Pisek. all but two companies
joined the Russians.
The Czechs, who surrendered to
the Serbs or Russians were soon
found fighting a?ain but this time
on the side of their friends.
In Russia they organized a bri
gade of their own. so called the
Czecho-Slovak brigade. Rut short
was the career of this first unit of
the new Bohemian army in Russia.
July witnessed its splendid success in
the brief Russian offensive, and the
same month saw its total annihila
tion. Cable reports give but a brief
skeleton of facts, but from it the
stirring tragedy of a body of nine
thousand patriotic rebels can be con
st met ed.
July 3rd. when all America was
heartened by the unexpected news of
the powerful Russian offensive near
7.borov, the Russian official report
stated: "Yesterday afternoon after a
sefere stubborn battle, the Zoraf sky
regiment occupied the village of
Presovce. while the gallant troops of
the fourth Finnish division and the
Czecho-Siovak brigade occupied the
'strongly fortified enemy position on
the heights west and southwest of
the village of Zbcroff and the forti
fied village of Korshiduv. Three lines
of enemy trenches were penetrated.
The Czecho-Slofak brigade captured
C2 ofheers and 3,150 soldiers, fiftteen
guns and many machine guns. Many
of the captured guns were turned
against the enemy."
Very little came from Russia af
ter that about the Czech heroes of
the Russian offensive. Complimentary
mention was made a few days later
of the work of a Czech regiment of
cavalry and the news came that Min
1st cr Kerensky publicly acknowledg
ed the great debt owed by Russia to
the brave men of the Czecho-Slovak
And then the bright outlook sud
denly changed; Job's news came
from Galicia day after day. No long
er was Lrmherg threatened, but
Tarnopol, which had been in Rus
sian hands for nearly three years,
was lost and the last foothold of the
Slavs on Galician soil was slowly
abandoned. A time of much disap
pointment and great anxiety to all
Amprimns! to Bohemians in the
Dry Goods, Notions, Floor Coverings,
Fancy Groceries and Queensware
E. G. DOVEY & SON
The mission of our Drug Store is to Furnish Pure Drugs and Medi
cine and the Highest Grade of Professional Service to the People.
Compounding Prescriptions is Our Specialty Rexall Remedies
You can depend upon the Quality of Our Goods and the Service in
Our Store. Ansco Cameras and Films Sherwin-Williams Paints.
The Rexall Store F. G. FRICKE & CO. Druggists. Pharmacists
UNION BLOCK - - PLATTSMOUTH, NEB.
THE PLATTSMOUTH GARAGE
J. E. MASON, Proprietor.
Welding, Oils, Greases and All Auto Accessories
Plattsmouth Phone IDS; Bell Phone 4S Office, Foot of Main Street
C. G. FRICKE
Successor to C. W. Bavlor & Co.
JOHN F. GORDER
Successor to August Gorder.
Farm Implements, Buggies and Harness
Chalmers and Dodge Bros. Automobiles.
305-307 Main Street Gordon 5,ooo Mile Tires Plattsmouth, Neb.
THE MUMM BAKERY
FRED H. MUMM, Propr.
Everything in Baker's Goods Candies and Cigars
PTAK & RAJEGK
Manufacturers of Cigars.
CROWNS 10c ACORNS ."c
Ind hone 472 Farm Loans and Insurance p. 0. Eox 257
W, E, ROSEN GRANS
Selling Chase County Land.
J. E. MCDANIEL
PABLO WE SELL BEVO
Bowling Alley and Soft Drink Parlors Open Evenings
TALKING ABOUT EATS
"Everything Good to Eat"
RUSSELL'S RESTAURANT AND SOFT
HATT & SON
Your Butchers and Grocers.
F. R. GOBELMAN
Wall Paper and Paint Store
Sign Painting. House Painting. Paper Hanging, Decorating.
Graining. Auto and Carriage Painting.
PLATTSMOUTH ... NEBR.
E. J. RICHEY
FORMERLY F. M. RICHEY
Lumber and Building Material.
THINGS TO THINK ABOUT
Price is frequently supposed to favor the catalog house.
One hears comparisons made between catalog prices and home
Ordering by mail means payments in advance for unseen
goods of unknown quality. Often you choose a thhig because
of a pretty picture.
When the goods come, extra, expenses begin. The freight
or express must be paid. If "knocked down." as often hap
pens, you hire a man or take your own time to set it up. Kither
costs you money. Then conies drayage.
Vim must run the risks of transit. A small breakage you
overlook. An irrepairable damage you settle as bet you can
between the mail order house and the railroad. This takes
time and much letter writing with uncertain results.
In buying a similar article from your home merchant, the
price covers all the extra expenses. The storekeeper takes the
hazards. You know exactly what the actual cost is. Best of
all. you can see ju-t what you get for your money before you
It is a recognized fact catalog houses have leaders at
extra low prices. The "leaders' are the bait to lure your dol
lars. The bulk of your order yields substantial profits.
The catalog house has no advantage over your local mer
chant except buying in large lots and this is more than offset
bv increased rent, insurance, overhead expenses.
Give your home dealer a chance to prove prices. Take
vour favorite catalog to hint. Add the transportation and
other expenses to the catalog price. It will be a revelation to
vou. He can more than make good. And at home "you don't
have to buy a pig in a poke.
BESTOR & SWATEK
Stoves and Ranges Cutlery Sporting Goods.
Your cost of living this winter depends on what you preserve from
your Garden. TRY SOME CANING! We have many cans in stock
AT REASONABLE PRICES
is not merely a mass of stone that has no beauty. OUR MEMORIALS
are of the finest MATERIAL. PROPERLY CARVED by a MASTER
ARTISAN, and are Lasting Tributes to the loved ones passed away.
Inu't Ihrrr Soimour n Imsr lruiory iliiTVr I III 11 ei-ouni I ion from VnuJ
v i : i t i : o x i: ca i.l
CASS COUNTY MONUMENT CO.
V. T. YVASSELL, Manager
Telephone No. 22 Agent for Pratt's Stock Food 302 Main St.
0. E. HARTFORD
Coal and Feed
F. G. DAWSON
Doctor of Tires Repaired, Retread and Rebuilt
SEE US FIRST!
WATERMAN LUMBER & COAL COMPANY
Lumber and Building Material
South Fourth Street Between Main and Pearl
WESTERN MACHINE & FOUNDRY COMPANY
L,. C. SHARP
Best Machine Shop South of the Platte Fanners, Elevator and
General Repairs Bell Phone 303 Plattsmouth, Nebr.
A. G. BACH & CO.
STAPLE AND FANCY GROCERIES
Provisions. Queensware, Flour. Feed and Shoes.
PHONES Main Street Store. 23 0; Lincoln Avenue Store, 11S
TO WEAR BETTER SHOES, TRADE AT
FETZER SHOE COMPANY
PLATTSMOUTH STATE BANK
Commercial and Savings Departments.
Place a few dollars each month in our Savings Department
and watch it grow. Interest added every six month??.
B. G. WURL
Manufacturer of High Grade Union-Made Cigars
Wurl Bros. "Gut Heil," "Hand Made" and "Keno" r.e J3
"La Flor de Fama" 10c
TAKE A BOX HOME WITH YOU!
THE BANK OF CASS COUNTY
Capital and Surplus, $80,000.00
WE WOULD APPRECIATE YOUR BUSINESS
r n w cr v v a tt vf t
FIRST NATIONAL BANK
Capital and Surplus $75,000.00
II. N. DOVEY, President F. E. SCHLATER, Cashier
E. W. COOK, Vice-Pres. GEO. O. DOVEY, Asst. Cashier
The Home of Comfort and Quality Pictures
THE PLACE TO FORGET YOUR TROUBLES
J. H. MCMAKEN & SON
All Wcrk Entrusted to Our Care Looked After Promptly.
GAS ' ELECTRICITY
NEBRASKA LIGHTING COMPANY
Labor Savers and Time Savers.
Electricity is the most Economical and Efficient Power on Earth!
Value Giving Clothier.
Manhattan Shirts John B. Stetson Hats A Safe Place to Trade.
Willys Knight and Willys Overland Automobiles.
FISK, AJAX AND PENNSYLVANIA TIRES.
AVARD & MCLEIn
Agents for J. M. Herman's famous ''Munson" Army Shoes, as Sup
plied to the U. S. Army Reliable Shoes for Men and Boys.
SHOE REPAIRING, POLISHES. ETC.
SOUTH SIXTH STREET - - PLATTSMOUTH, NEBR.
" EMMA PEASE
Evertything That is New and Up-to-Date
H. M. SOENNICHSEN
OUR PRICES AND SERVICE ALWAYS RIGHT
PETERS & PARKER
BIG WORK OUR SPECIALTY.
United States it was a time of dread.
of waiting for horrible news. For
all who knew aught of fighters of
the Czecho-Slovak brigade were cer
tain that surrender they could not
and flee with the others they would
The expected blow fell Saturday
nilTht, July 28th. A few lines, al
most hidden in the columns of war
stuff and speculations about the
opening of the fourth year of the
war, but what a tragedy they por
trayed to some half a million people
in the United States. This is the
brief message: "The Vecherne Vre
iuya reports that in the fighting at
Tarnopol, Galicia, three regiments of
Czech volunteers, abandoned by Rus
sian troops resisted until the last, the
officers blowing out their brains and
the soldiers rushing where the shells
were bursting the thickest."
One is reminded of Waterloo and
Napoleon's guard that dies, but does
not surrender.. The Czehs have not
the keen sense of the dramatic that
a Frenchman possesses even at the
threshold of death, but they died
like the old guard.
The great war has been so crowd
ed with slaughter and heroism for
three years that perhaps the brief
history of the Iron Brigade of
Czecho-Slovaks will receive but a
bare mention. But by Bohemians
and Slovaks, wherever they may live,
regardless even of the fact, whether
the dream of free Bohemia, for which
these men fought will be realized,
the men who died at Tarnopol in
July, 1917, will be honored forever
as patriots and heroes. To the Bo
hemian knights who fell at Crecy in
134S defending their blind King
John, to the democratic peasants
who fought the nobility to the last
man at.Lipany in 1434, to the Mora
vian heroes who were cut to pieces
on the White Mountain in 1G20, when
the Hungarian mercenaries had de
serted them, will now be added the
iron Brigade of the first Bohemian
arm j- since 1620.
The three regiments were annihi
lated because some of the Russians
did not do their duty. Bohemians
hear no ill will to Russia for this.
No other race has followed the rap
id changes of the Russian kaleido
scope since March of this year with
greater sympathy or with clearer
comprehension of the enormous diffi
culties that Russia has to overcome
in its effort to become a real de
mocracy. It is certain that the fate
of the first brigade will not dampen
the ardor of the remaining units of
the Czecho-Slovak army in Russia nor
the enthusiasm of tens of thousands
cf others who are volunteering for
service against the common enemy of
mankind. "They shall not have died
in vain," will be the firm resolution
of everyone who has the Czech blood
in his veins. Liberty of Bohemia
shall be bought by the lifeblood of
While Eritish Are Repulsing Repeat
ed Counter Attacks on the
New Positions at Lens.
ITALIANS ARE PUSHING
ON THE IS0NZ0 FRONT
The French made an attack this
morning on the left bank of the riv
er Meuse, between Avocourt wood
and Deadman's hill. The war office
announces the capture oi Hill 304,
Camard wood and the fortified works
between Haucourt wood a.nd Bethin-
court. The French gained more than
their objectives, advancing to an av
erage depth of two kilometers (l!i
The Italian war office reports that
the battle on the Isonzo front con
tinues and that about sixty guns al
ready have been captured.
The Russian official statement is
sued today makes no mention in the
Riga region, saying that on the Rus
sian front there were only fusillades
and scouting operations.
On the Rumanian front, the Aus-tro-Germans
last night attacked the
Russian-Rumanian positions near the
village of Krendsheni and after
occupying part of the trenches of
the defenders were ejected by coun
Report from the British front in
France says heavy fighting proceed
ed throughout the night in the
southwest edge of Lens for possession
of the great slag heap known as tho
Green Crassier, from the crest of
which the Canadians broke through
late yesterday after having a footing
on it all day. The British thi- morn
ing v.ere continuing the battle from
positions which they had seized im
mediately northwest of the Crassier
and the Germans were making very
strenuous efforts to re-establish the
shattered defenses they had suffered
on the top of this artificial hill.
The Canadians were holding the
Grassier late in the afternoon in the
face of numerous bitter counter at
tacks by strong forces of the enemy.
In each case hard hand to hand fight
ing with bayonet resulted in the Ger
mans being thrown back with se
Portugese troops repulsed German
raiders at two points in the region
of La Bassee.
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