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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (June 11, 1917)
THURSDAY, JUNE 7, . Js
ot ATTMOTTTH EVENING JOURNAL.
PLATTSMOUTII SEMI-WEEK LY JOURNAL.
MONDAY, JUNE 11, 1917.
TZbz plattsrnoutb journal
PUDLISIIKD SRNI-WEEKLT AT PLATTSMOUTH, KKBHASKA.
Katoredat Postofflce at Plattsmouth. Neb., as second-class mall raatter.
R. A. BATES, Publisher
UBSCRIPTIOIf PRICE l A9 YFJX YEAR IS ABTANCB
Don't forget the date it begins.
And remember, it stays till July 4.
The attractions are good and great
in every way.
Don't forget to join the fly-swatters'
It isn't too late to buy a Liberty
bond. Do it now.
If you are a quitter you arc not
entitled to success.
There will be but few schooners go
down in Nebraska this summer.
Climb into the Liberty band wagon,
in which you are entitled to a seat by
the purchase of a bond.
If it is the truth you are after,
then you have no kick coming, when
it is handed direct to you.
Old Sol is putting in some pretty
good licks right now, if he will only
keep it up for a few days.
This is the time of year when tho
value of hack-yard garden strategy
worked out during the winter begins
to manifest itself.
When you are on the road to happi
ness, don't be ashamed of it; smile,
and let others know that you know
how to enjoy life.
Too early yet to talk about the next
United States senator. The Journal
has its eye on the next nominee, and
he will be elected, too.
Owing to the war, London is ruf-
fering from an epidemic of dirty win
dows. Even the militant suffragettes
have stopped cleaning up things over
German chemists have found a
substitute for flour. After the war
Germany will not need its armies and
cattle raisers, as the chemists will
have the people trained to live or;
One man's dream of riches is a
itcam yacht, a string of thorough
bred horses and a "garage." An
other man's vision is ability to finance
a breakfast table upon the basis of
all the breakfast bacon you want,
: o :
The registrations throughout the
state were much greater than expect
ed. And the same can be said, in fact.
of other states. It was a poor day
for slackers. They must hav;
"crawled into their holes and pulled
the holes in after them."
There is a nice, quiet, cool retreai
down at Fort Leavenworth for thos
men living under the American flag
who threaten to boycott the bank?
that invest in Liberty loan bonds,
Also some convenient stone Malls if
they persist in the boycott.
Your Uncle Samuel is bound to put
a stop to the shipping of bad eggs
and there arc a number of shipper
in Nebraska and other states in ths
southwest that have been cited to
show cause why they are not guilty
of violating the pure food laws.
Says the Twentieth Century Far
mer: "Training his dog to catch
chickens and. wring their necks proved
a costly bit of foolishness to a Ne-.
braska man recently. The dog wrung
the necks of thirty-eight chickens
that belonged to his neighbor, am
the dog's owner had them to pay for.
Ycu can't blame a dog or a child fo
wrong doing when they are reared tha
way, but that does not lessen the un
pleasantness for those who happen to
live near them, just because their pa
ents or owners are at fault."
Chautauqua, June 2S.
All aboard for the carnival.
When v. man gels all the wants, he
has too much.
The onion trust is somewhat of a
This weather is alright until an
other rainstorm to spoil it.
If ycu want to save money, invest
all you can get hold of in Liberty
Next Thursday, June 11, is flag
day, according to the governor's proc
When it comes to a glutton foi?
punishment, what's the matter with
A man generally controls his con
science long enough to take the high
est market price.
A soldier's first duty is to obey or
ders, and may explain why married
men make good soldiers.
"We are coming, Uncle Samuel, sev
en billions strong," responds the lit-;
tie American dollar boys.
A man calls it diplomacy. And a
woman calls it deceitfulncss. The
woman is about right don't you
Then again, a liberty loan bond
will fit in fine behind the clock with
other documents indicative of good
It is to follow a leader if you rec
ognise him when you sec him. lie
may give you such advice as will lead
you into trouble, while he shirks out.
And now the Italian commission
uis dropped in to look us over and
bscrve how a hustling nation pre
iarcs for financing some real fighting.
The carnival which comes to Platts
mouth next week is one of the best
ever put on the road. Now don't keep
that under your hat, but tell it to
It is reported that many young
men are refused by the military
authorities on account of their irreg
ularly shaped legs. What is this to
be anyway, a war, or comic opera.
The great masses of the American
people, who will pay their taxes un
complainingly, would applaud con
gress if it took summary steps to
protect itself and its members from
the importunities of the special inter,
ests referred to by Secretary McAdoo
"I5i!l" Maupin, of the York Demo
crat, hits ex-Governor Aldrich right
square between the eyes in the follow
ing: "Former Governor Aldrich has
broken out in a new spot. He is ob
jecting to conscription, to sending
American troops to foreign soil, anc
to a lot of other things. His objec
tions will not count as much as the
objection of Nebraska voters to a
second term of Aldrich."
Farmers have made a heroic effort
to get extra acreage of ground in
condition this :;pring and plant it t'
corn, and notwithstanding the late
ness of the season and the difficulty
of securing help, they have succeeded
to a wondrous degree. Never were
farmers busier and never, perhaps
has the corn gone into the ground in
better shape than this year. Tho
heavy rains of the past week caused
the creeks to overflow the bottom
lands and many fields have been
EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW.
The Lincoln Star remarks that one
form of "incipient disloyalty" is to
be found in those appeals to clas?
prejudice that declare that "the poor
men" have to do the fighting and that
"the rich" alone, therefore, should
pay the cost of the war. It is not
only the socialist propagandists that
indulge in such talk. Both in Omaha
and Lincoln arc daily newspapers o
wide circulation that are almost daily
endeavoring to arouse class discontent
and class feeling by denouncing the
government for not taxing the ficb
man more heavily and the poor mat)
not at all.
This is the country of all its citi
zens, regardless of whether they are
rich, poor, or well-to-do.
It is not the country of any one
class, but of all classes.
It is not for the poor alone to do
the fighting, or for the rich alone to
pay the taxes. There is no place for
slackers in either department or at
either end of the line.
The government makes no discrim-
nation between rich and poor when
it comes to military service. The
ich man's son is required to register
for the draft the same as the poor
man's son. If there is any discrim-
nation it is in favor of the poor man.
as the Star points out. For the poor
man is more likely to be engaged in
necessary labor, from which he cannot
be spared, than is the rich man's son.
The government does not ask if a
man is ricn or poor, prominent or
lurnble. It asks only if he is a citizen
fit for military service and not indis
pensably needed at home.
s to the paying of taxes to defray
the cost of war, that is a problenj
that is now being worked out. It is
not possible that a perfect law will
c passed, but it will be as nearly just
as the combined wisdom of the presi
dent and congress can make it.
Taxes should be paid by all citizens
equitably in proportion to their means
and ability to pay. The fairest form,
perhaps, is the income tax. The
pending bill proposes that, of the
argest possible incomes, as much as
V2 per cent shall be taken by the gov
ernment in taxation. It proposes that
he million-dollar income shall be
taxed 47 per cent, the $100,000 in
come 15 per cent, the $10,000 income
Vs per cent, the S3,000 income 1.6
icr cent, and that the married man
with an income of less than $2,000
shall pay no income tax whatever.
Most of the remaining taxes arc ti
be raised by taxes on liquor and to-
acco, luxuries, pleasures and amuse-
ments of various sorts, and on th
profits of corporations with more than
$5,000 earnings. About all the tax
that will be directly levied on the
poor man, and which he cannot easily
avoid paying, would be those on
sugar, coffee and tea.
While there may be, and doubtless
is, abundant room for improvement,
surely there is here no discrimination
against the poor and in favor of th?
rich, or against the only moderately
rich in favor of the very rich!
It is right to tax wealth heavily by
comparison with the tax levied or;
poverty, and this newspaper has al
ways so contended. But it is not
right, in this war for our democratic
liberties and rights, that any citizen
protected by our country's laws, en
joying its benefits, and capable o$
earning a living under them, should
be permitted to go scot free of taxa
tion. No self-respecting and patri
otic citizen, poor or rich, would ask
it. In the army and behind the army
each worthy citizen is eager for tht
privilege of doing something for hi
The newspapers that are habitually
and carpingly preaching discontent
and striving to stir up class feelinrj
against the conduct of the war ar
mighty feeble in their patriotism
They deserve th2 rebuke rather than
the thanks . of those for whom they
profess to speak. World-Herald.
"Billy" Sunday is busily engaged in
advising everybody to "hit the trai
for a Liberty loan."
. A man buys a suit of clothes when
he can afford it. He buys an automo
bile any old time.
ARMIES FOR FOREIGN SERVICE.
In a letter to the World-Herald P.
L. Robertson of South Omaha says:
"The constitution of the United
States provides that a man cannot be
forced by any conscription to do serv
ice in a foreign country. How can
the government put this across with
out an amendment to the constitu
tion? I have heard a number of peo
ple question this and would like to
get right on it."
Mr. Robertson would do well to
ead the constitution. In this way he
would learn there is no such provision
as he alleges. The constitution gives
congress power to "declare war," to
'raise and support .armies," and to
make rules for their government
and regulation." Only in the case of
the state militia does the constitution.
by implication, limit the power of
congress. It can use these troops "to
execute the laws of the union, ip-
prcss insurrections and repel inva
sions." In order to respect this con
stitutional limitation congress has
provided a means for the federalizing
of the state militia for foreign serv
ice, the members voluntarily taking
upon themselves the duties and obli
gations of federal soldiers so that
they can constitutionally be incor
porated into the national army.
As to the right of congress to pro
vide for the conscription of armies to
serve, at home or abroad, in any war
n which this country is engaged, it
s nowhere prohibited by the constitu-
ion and has uniformly been upheld
by the courts.
Objectors to conscription have
sought to have the Thirteenth amend
ment construed to apply against it.
The provision they cite is that "neith
er slavery nor involuntary servitude.
except as a punishment for crime
whereof the party shall have been
duly convicted, shall exist within the
United States, or any place subject
to their jurisdiction." But. the at
tempt to define the obligation to fight
for one's country as "involuntary
servitude" is palpably ridiculous. By
the same process of reasoning one
could evade service and the payment
The power to carry on war and
raise armies for that purpose is a
necessary attribute of sovereignty,
and the constitution has, in express
terms, conferred that power on con
gress, it maKcs no uistmction nc
tween using those armies for foreign
service or home service.
It is true that very seldom, before
this war, have free governments re
sorted to conscription to raise troops
for foreign service. The United
States has never done so, because it
has never been obliged to do it. But
in this world war all governments,
free as well as despotic, have been
faced by the necessity and have acted
upon it. This is not such a war as
can be fought with volunteers. It is
a war not merely of armies and na
vies but of entire populations. For
the United States to refuse to use its
armies for foreign service would be
to leave its allies to be crushed with
out its help, and thereupon to invite
the transfer of the war to American
soil. It would be deliberately to tic
our own hands, so that we could in
flict no punishment upon the enemy,
while the enemy was free to inflict
all possible punishment upon us.
The frontiers of American right
and liberties are today the battle line
in France and it is there we must
hasten to defend them. World-IIer
"BUSINESS AS USUAL."
The American idea of a Europe
topsy-turvy because of the war gets
a rough jolt, now and then, when
some item of news appears to show
that even in the midst of war orderly
business goes right along. An in
stance is the news of the close of the
fair at Lyons, France.
' Of course, one knew a fair was go
ing on. American exhibitors knew it
and were on the ground with the best
wares thev had to show. But some
how one thought it was a mere war
time diversion, a little side issue be
cause there was not much else for
anybody to do. Yet French business
men went there and placed orders for
some $80,000,000 worth of stuff, of
which more than half went into Am
Third city in the country second
in its financial and manufacturing
interests Lyons has gone on turning
out silks and hats and books and
glassware and perfumes and soaps
and lace and potteries and chemicals,
its principal products. And although
the battle lines are not much farther
away than Kansas City is from St.
.ouis, its people have been making
so muchv money that they can spend
some $10,000,000 buying American
tools and machinery.
There should be a message of cheer
in this for those drooping and de
spondent ones who are worrying over
what is to become of our own coun
try, now that we, too, arc at war.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
INCREASE TAXES IN NEBRASKA.
When it comes to digging down in
one's pockets for money with whic
to pay taxes a taxpayer immediately
begins to sit up and take special no
tice. The Omaha Bee asks this pertinent
"Somebody is going to be hit by an
increase in taxes in Nebraska; who
will it be?"
That ought to make all taxpayer?
tighten up their belts ami look abou
for further information.
Then the Bee hands out this bit of
information: "The state board oj
equalization has just decided it will
not bo the railroads nor the sleeping
car companies. These corporations
will be taxed on substantially the
same valuation assessed against them
for the last ten years. The largest
appropi iations in the history of th-i
state were made by the late legisla
ture, and money to meet these ex
pemiitures must be raised somewhere;
It can only be had by an increase in
valuation vv by an increase in the
amount of tar: levied. It is hard to
elieve that the property of the state
has not increased in value while ev
erything else has been soaring, and
if this is true, how does it come tho
railroads have not shared in the gen-
oral advance in values? As a matte
of fact, the railroads are actually pay
ing proportionately less than they
were ten years ago. , The plea that
costs of operation have increased
may be made by others, for the rail
roads do not suffer alone in this re
spect. Somebody will have to pay
for the higher cost of state govern
ment and the railroads ought to bear
their just proportion."
There is no question about the Bee
being right. Somebody will have to
pay for the higher cost of state gov
ernment, and the railroads should be
made to pay their just share of the
increased taxes. Hastings Tribune.
"ALIEN ENEMY" BUYS A LIB
An "alien enemy" walked into a
bank in Rome, N. Y., the other day
and enquired if anyone could buy a
Liberty bond and if the name would
be made public.
It developed that he was German
born, still a subject of the kaiser and
a reservist. He came to this country
before the war started and his wife
and all his relatives live in southern
He said: "My woman and my
mother are starving in Germany be
cause, the kaiser wants the world. I
can't send them any more money. So
I will t;avc my money and buy bonds
to help the United States, which is
going to end the war and make Ger
many a republic.
"I was scared. They told me if
the United States went to war Amer
icans would take all my money and
things and send me away to Me:;?co
to starve or put me in pii.son. But I
am working here and get my pay.
Nobody bothers me. I am a German,
but I like the way America does and
I buy a bond. When I get more
money I buy another."
J. W. A. ROBERTSON.
J. Lawyer. v
! ' r
4 East of Riley Hotel.
The Kind You Have Always
in use for ever over 30 years, nas Dome tne signature ui.
All Counterfeits, Imitations
Experiments that trine witn
Infants and Children Experience against xpenraent.
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains
neither Opium, Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its
r.jre is its guarantee. For more than thirty years it has
l)c:e;i in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency,
Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying Feverishness arising
j - -a . . . f .H T J
tneretrom, ana oy regulating tne cstomaca a-u oweis, cicls
the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea The Ilothsr's Friend.
ssKfjms CASTORS A always
la Use For Oveir 1 fears
ahc Kind You Have Always Bought
Vou hear a lot about over size tires. What you
hear most about Kclley Springfield is
over size milage.
J. H. McM
WANTED TO 1IUY.
False Teeth, $1 per .cet up; broken
jewelry, jrold teeth; prompt returns.
Mr.il to II. VanAlstinl, Refiner, 2G0G
Decatur, Omaha, Neb. 0-ll-ltvkly
A want ad vviil bring: you a buyer.
Business as Usurd" to be the National idea. "Work for every man and
earning power greater than ever before are certain guarantees of continued
posterity and of an ever-widening scope to our buisness and industial life."
J. Ogdjn Armour, Member Advisory Committee, Council for National De
fense. The Finest Summer Touir
i,Trhe Uln'S Kky-Mountai-East-Slope-of-the-Continental Di-vide-National-Parks
tour; three National Parks on one ticket T?n.t
Mountain National-Estes, Yellowstone and Glacier Tourist r
East and Central Nebraska are honored via Denver. Our new Denv CodT
Billings-Central Wyoming main line makes possible this maimer I
litenus tell you more about this wonderful trip and send you descriptice
Bought, and which has been
nas Deen maae unaer ais nei-
supervision since its lniancy.
no one to deceive vou in this.
and " Just-as-good " are but
ana endanger tne neaitn oi
Signature of --
Eli Eaton, one of the old residents
of Liberty precinct was in tho city
Saturday for a few hours looking
nfter a few busing .; matters, having
driven up from his home near Union
in company with his grandson, Ruby
Eaton. While here Mr. Eaton made
the Journal editor a short call.
Now Tour Yellowstone in
W. CLEMFMT -ri-i.. -
... "'""'i tivci Afetit
t. W. WAKELEV, Q..ral Pas,.,?;:,.,
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