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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (June 4, 1917)
PL ATTSM O UTII SEMI-WEEK L JOURNAL.
MONDAY, JUNE 4, 1917.
Cbe plattsmouth journal
PUBLISHED SKMI-WKEKLY AT PIATTSMOl'TH. NEBRASKA.
Estered at Tostofflce at Plattsmouth. Neb., as second-class mall matter.
R. A. BATES, Publisher
SUBSCRIPTION rillCEt CUM' PKR YEAR IN AUTANCE
Bad day for Decoration.
And the fly, ah, where is it?
No one is converted by force.
Heated arguments never did con
Drag the roads just as soon as pos
The wettest Decoration day in many
Dc good, do good, and you will al
ways be happy.
A general house-cleaning time is
now in order.
Buy a Liberty bond now and be ever
Straw hats arc a little late in com
ing into general use.
Don't be a traitor. Either fight.
hoe potatoes, or plant beans.
IT you haven't any friends, tho
chances are you do not deserve them.
Because you neglect your duty, don't
think that everybody else is doing the
Economy may be a war-time virtue.
but ray, girls, your skirts are short
Swat the food hoarder and specu
lator, and you will stop the high cost
of living to a great extent.
The good old summer time still
seems to be as distant and coy as the
maid who can be won only by Ion;;
The chautauqua will probably be
held on the High School campus. It is
a very convenient location. Remember
the date of commencement June iS.
People generally, never take the
same degree of deep-seated interest
in the nice things said about their
neighbors as they do in the ugly
and nasty things said about them.
When a dog has a bone and isn't
hungry, lie buries it puts it away for
a "rainy day," so to speak, but most
people axe not like the dog in this re
spect. They throw what they don't
want just at the time into the slop
Every man who resides on American
soil, and has taken an oath to support
the constitution and uphold the law.?
of this country, should be an American
in his every action. There is no ex
cuse for his doing otherwise and. lie
A chautauqua is a good investment
for any community, and we are proud
of the fact that our people are cominps
light to the front in a determination
to make the Fkittsmouth chautauqua
which opens for a week, beginning
Thursday, June 28, a big success. Thi-
io the first effort our citizens have
made in this direction, and the Journal
desires to see it made such a glowing
success that we can have one every
Why not make next Tuesday Reg
islration day a day long to be re
membered by having some kind of
demonstration to dedicate its import
ance. In many towns bands will play
in the streets and bells will peal forth
ihc? day's importance, ir.d prccjiams
including patriotic sp2tches and songs
will be had. Let us make some sort
of a demonstration. Let's not be be
hind other towns in this respect. Let
us oisplay our patriotism and oui- icve
for the Stars and Stripes and cur
Buy a Liberty bond.
Watch for the slackers next Tues
day. A Liberty loan is liberty's life insur
Be on hand next Tuesday to regis
ter. A failure to do so means trouble.
All between the ages of 21 and 31
years must register next Tuesday. The
penalty for not doing so is very severe.
The federal investigation shows that
the high prices are not caused by
shortage. Merely greed, seizing its
Reports from Fort Niagara indicate
that the boys there would be glad to
change their cold quarters for the hot
test sort of a firing line.
Nicaragua has followed Honduras,
making the fourth Central American
republic to sever diplomatic relation
with Germany. This will at least close
the door to Teutonic submarine bases
in tnat neignoornoou.
Russian Pecifists contend for "peace
without indemnities or annexations."
ranee, for one, will not be disposed
to insist on employing these objection-
lble terms. All she wants is a return
of stolen goods, including Al.-acc and
Flattsmouth is coming to the front
with amusements this season. Begin
ning Monday, June 11, we are to have
a week's carnival, and beginning on
June 23, and ending July -1, we are to
bo favored with a first-class chau
American destroyers had no sooner
sot to work in the war zone than the
reports of submarine ravages showed
a great decrease. Coincidence perhaps.
but we may enjoy the hope that it i?
a case of cause and effect.
If the pen were really mightier than
the sword, as Eulwer-Lytton made
Richelieu declare, the war would havo
been over before the Germans brazen
ly insisted upon "fighting for national
existence" on the soil of a half-dozen
First the slackers leaped into matri
mony in order to escape military serv
ice, then some of them even went tho
length of adopting children, and now
fearing that these earlier precautions
may not suffice, many of them arc try
ing to get behind the conscientious
objection-to-war bulwarks permitted
the Quakers; but the leaders of that
church report that they are turning
down the applications for membership
of suspicion-inviting young men by the
score, who are largely of foreign birth.
The way of the slacker is hard.
The Grand Island Daily Independent
hands out this piece of advice:
" 'Cut down on the luxuries,' is good
advice to both the nation and the in
We fail to see it that way.
Luxury is the only thing that causes
the idle rich to let go of their gold.
It is a free indulgence in costly food.
dress, furniture, or anything expen
sive which gratifies the appetites or
Riches expose a man to luxury:
therefore the rich man buys things
which he needs not, but he buys them
because they tickle his fancy or please
Luxuries play a most important part
in keeping money in circulation and
since they are created for the rich
then why not let the rich enjoy them?
The rich can afford luxuries at almost
any price. And besides, business must
be kept going. Hastings Tribune.
What the resources of a nation are
no man knows. Even the wisest of
the economists can form but an im
perfect idea. Less than twenty years
have passed since the success of the
British government in raising 30
million pounds by a single loan oper
ation was the wonder of the world's
financial markets. Now, in the year
of grace 1917, the British chancellor i
nf thp pxchfnupr is able to announce
that after two and a half years of ex
hausting war 1,000 million pounds
have been raised in thirty days, and
lis hearers can only greet the news
with "loud and prolonged cheers."
How much could the United States
raise witn its $-iou,uuu,wuu,uuu oi
wealth and its 100,000,000 of the most
H-oductive people in the world? No
one knows. It is vain to suppose that
Germany is exhausted. Its last loan
was more rapidly taken than the first
one issued after the war. What her
resources are no one knows.
One economist claims that the
money spent in the United States for
needless, and in some cases harmful
uxuries, would keep an army of 1,-
000,000 men in the field in Europe,
supplying all their wants of food,
clothing, arms and ammunition, so it
seems that there is no danger of this
country exhausting its resources.
low long it could supply the men to
keep up an army of a million is an
other question. World-Herald.
PUTS IT UP RIGHT.
Under the caption of "Labor for the
Farms" the New York Times puts it
up about right when it says: "Elabor
ate plans for making a survey of the
nation's farms and enrolling all men
old and young, available for service
on them were completed a month ago
by the department of agriculturer
which sought in this city to overcome
the shortage of 2,000,000 farm work
ers. Secretary Houston now says that
the department's agents will begin the
enrollment in the first week of June
Lack of appropriations and of author
ity, which will be granted by bills now
pending may have caused some delay.
There is to be an agent in each county.
These men, in co-operation with stat
officers, will ascertain the labor needs
of the farmers, enroll those willing
to work, and be empowered to shift
local surpluses of workmen to place;
where the supply is insufficient. The
project was and is a very good one..
but the survey and census will not brt
finished in time to be effective for the
first part of the planting season. Even
if farmers are assured that they will
have help for the harvest, a labor
shortage in seeding; time prevents the
use of as much land as should be cul
"They need the hired men now. Such
assistance as thev have had has been
given by local governments and as
sociations. In several states there
have been successful efforts to supply
farm labor. For example, in Maryland
a little army of enlisted men has been
at work for some time. In New Jer
sey the executive departments began
mere than a month ago to ascertain
where laborers were needed and to en
list those who would serve. Many
workers were found and placed where
they could assist in enlarging the food
supply. Some were temporarily re
leased by manufacturers. By state
and county officers, agricultural socie
ties and associations of citizens some-,
times, but not enough has been done
without waiting for the national plans
to be more effective. It is not too lat
for more local work of this kind. Then
should be, an agricultural labor com
mittee in every county that has farms
The national working force will br,
more useful for harvesting than for
planting. But only by giving the
farmer help now can the acreage from
which crops will be taken be made as
large as it ought to be. The season
will not wait."
We have had plenty of rain. But
we are not boss of the weather man,
and he is not bos3 of the Ruler of tho
Elements, so we must take what comes
whether we like it or not.
Keep in mind the Plattsmouth
chautauqua, which begins Thursday,
June 23, and continues one week.
OUR COMING ARMY.
The reports indicate that the Ger
mans still fail to take a serious view
of American participation in the war,
regarding the United States, accord
ing to one corespondent, as not much
more important than Portugal or
China. Yet this curious attitude in
German military circles admits of the
concession that the United States will
eventually produce one of the great-
est armies of the world, but even
this project is not taken seriously, the
Germans being persuaded that the
coming American army is not de
signed for extensive use against Ger
many and that its real purpose is
"the defense of America against
Obviously, the figures alone com
pel the Germans to recognize the pos
sibility of a really great American
army sooner or later. There are now
in this country more than ten million
men between 21 and 30 years subject
to selective draft under the new army
bill. This is only ten per cent of a
population which is now between 103
and 101 milions, and only 5 per cent
of the males between 21 and 30 years
wil be subjec tto selection in the first
call for 500,000 men. The number of
further calls will depend on the
course of events, but, if need be, there
can be as many as nine more for
armies of 500,000 each, even if only
half of the males of the proposed age
should be physically fit.
It is interesting to note in detail
the number of men liable under the
new law in the various states. Tak
ing some of them more or less at ran
dom, we find that Massachusetts has
355,-100 men subject to call; Rhode
Island, G0,300; Conectieut, 100,500;
New York, 1,068,000; Pennsylvania,
874,000; Maryland, 121,o00; New
Jersey, 300,200; Virginia, 1S6.400;
West Virginia, 111,000; North Caro
lina, 11)4,000; South Carolina, 137,
100; Georgia, 253,4000; Texas, 420,
200; Oklahoma, 213,000; South Da
kota, S0,500; Iowa, 109,000; Minne
sota, 241,700; Wisconsin, 290,500;
Illinois, C.39,500; Ohio, -191,300; In
diana, 253,000. Our five states with
the largest populations, New York,
Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio and Tex
as alone contain 3,490,000 men liable
o call under the army bill, and there
arc 1,097,300 young men subject to
call in our three largest cities of New
York, Chicago and Philadelphia
alone. Certainly we have the men,
as well as the wealth to prosecute
war on a great scale.
Those small-minded persons who
are doing nothing better for their
country than to sit back in the arm
chairs of exclusive clubs and de
nounce an "incapable" and "rotten"
administration might do well to give
half a minute of consideration to the
confident assertion of the impartial
London Observer that President Wil
son "is proving himself a born war
leader" and that "the rapidity and
thoroughness of American action will
astonish the world and make an in
effacable impression on history." Dis
gusted and cocksure editors would
also do well to consider both this ut
terance and the expressions of For
eign Secretary Balfour on which it
is perhaps partly based. In the course
of his remarks highly appreciative of
the work of the president, of congress
and of the congress of national de
fense, Mr. Balfour said: "I am con
vinced that if these newspapers could
have their representatives see what I
have seen in the last three weeks in
Washington, they would be heartily
ashamed of their carping criticism
and their general attitude of peevish
Even where no political partisan
ship is involved there is too often no
ticeable a disposition to complain ig
norantly of "nothing done" at Wash
ington and to demand miracles of
accomplishment in a fortnight. The
average American could hardly be
expected to ' appreciate the tremend
ous difficulties of many of the under
takings and the appalling complexi
ties of many of the problems the gov-;
ernment has in hand, but the naggers
and kiskers among the better in
formed classes could at least do so
to some extent if lack of willingness
did not prevent.
LETTING THE PEOPLE SHARE IT.
Why this nation-wide effort to sell
Liberty bonds in small amounts?
A great many people do not seem
to comprehend the reasons. Here and
there misguided patriots are heard
deploring the thought, a mistaken one,
that it is impossible to float the bonds
It isn't impossible at all. It would
not be even difficult to float the loau
several times over.
' Severe criticism is aimed at an early
report that the loan was sure to be
over-subscribed. There were such ru
mors. They would have been true if
the government had not determined to
invoke popular purchase of the bonds.
A government bulletin recently an
nounced that the bonds can all be sold
The New York World says that if
the government had chosen to offer
them in the common way, as through
a bankers' syndicate, it might have
had an over-subscription "the moment
the books were opened." But it could
not have a broad popular participation
except as the syndicated bankers chose
to invite it at a profit to themselves
and a loss both to the government an fj
The purpose of selling in small lots
paying commission to no one, is to
reach people who never could be
reached through a bankers' syndicate.
It is to encourage popular investment
and thrift. It is to stir popular pa
triotism, to allow the average man to
become a government bondholder, to
protect the government and the people
from enriching the wealthy men who
would comprise a syndicate of pur
chasers, to permit all of the proceeds
of the sale to go to the government
and to permit the people to enjoy the
interest the government will pay on
Patriotism and thrift go hand in
har.d in the popular purchase of Lib
erty bonds.. Lincoln Star.
IS AUSTRIA BREAKING UP?
It is impossible to estimate what is
implied in the appointment of Count
Anurersa as the" premier of Hungary,
succeeding the pro-German minister
who resigned. That a portion of Aus
tria is growing restless under German
rule is generally known and that there
may be a revolution is acknowledged
as possible. The new Emperor has
been making concessions to the large
section of people who fiom the first
have been opposed to the war, notably
the Bohemians. There have been in
subordination of reservists, surrender
of Czech regiments, unreliability of
i.ny military unit composed of soldiers
from Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia
the well known attitude of the Bo
hemian deputies which made the con
vocation of parliament inadvisable, re
fusal to subscribe to the war loans,
treason of the leaders of the peop!e
and thousands of hangings in districts
inhabited by Czechs.
There seems at present much more
probability of an uprising in Aurtria
Ilungary than in Germany. In dis
cussing the present situation the Bo
hemian Review says:
' Wai has made a chasm between
the Bohemian nation and its ruiii'i;
which cannot be bridged. The flower
cf Bohemian manhood, hundreds cf
thousands of them, have been sacri
ficed to the insane pride and lust of
conquest of the degenerate family of
Iiapsburgs, thousands of cripples, of
men maimed and blind, walk the
streets of Prague; children are dying
of wj-nt, and the leaders of the na
tion are in jail or on the gallows. Ev
ery Bohemian, be he rich or poor, pro
fessor or peasant, is convinced that
all these horrors were foolishly and
recklessly caused by the alien em
peror and the archdukes and courtiers
that surround him. To kiss the hand
that smote them, when it offers alms?
The new emperor has offered con
cessions to the Bohemians, but they
are regarded in the same light and
has offered for the sane reason that
induced the kaiser to propose electoral
reforms in Germany. World-Herald.
More of the country's young men
should have enlisted in the Nebraska
guard, but the opportunity to do so, is
Tiie Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has fccen
ia use for over over 30 years, has borne the signature of
0 and has been made under his pcr-
s S-ZS---- sonal supervision since its infancy.
uxyxL c U4Z Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health cf
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment.
What Is CASTOR! A '
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric
Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains
neither Opium, Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its
'T.ge is its guarantee. Fcr more than thirty yearu it has
teen in constant use for the relief cf Constipation, Flatulency,
Wind Colic and Diarrhoea ; allaying Feverishnc? s arising
therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Uovels, aids
tlie assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
'Ihe Children's Panacea The Mother's Friend.
mmsmz CASTOR! A always
lit Use For Over BO fears
The Kind You Have Always Bought
TM K CCTNTAUFV CO M V WV N F W VT r K IT V,
SUITERS AUTO ACCIDENT.
From Friday's Dally. I
This noon as Henry Soenniehscn was
motorin.ee from the store to the home
on North Eighth street he met with
quite a serious accident just north of
i he j)0.it61i'.ce, when the car which he
was driving skidded ar.d slid into the
cuib across the street north of the
pusiofHce, and as the car was going at
quit? a lively sait resulted in the rijrht
wheel being demolished and in putting
the car out of commission.
SAVED A FORTUNE.
A Home Canner will fill your glass
jars and stomach; also, start a bank
account for you. Try and place your
cider with us, th? sooner the better.
Phone 2.11 i G. W. Alexander & Co.,
Lincoln Ave., Plattsmouth, Neb.
Ifiis is ihe EXCLUSIVE Store!
Vc have everything in the Paint line.
It's our trade, our business. We don't know any
Let's figure on painting that house. Paints not very
high 3ret, but it's going to be.
North Sixth -:-
"Business as Usual" to be the National idea., "Work for every man and
earning power greater than ever before arc certain guarantees of continued
posperity and of an ever-widening scope to ourbuisness and industial life."
J. Ogd'jn Armour, Member Advisory Committee, Council for National De
fense. The Finest Summer Tour
'Tis the Burlington's Koeky-Mountain-East-SIope-of-the-Continental Divide-National-Parks
tour; three National Parks on one ticket, Rocky
Mountain National-Estes, Yellowstone and Glacier. Tourist tickets from
East and Central Nebraska are honored via Denver. Our new Denver-Cody-Billings-Central
Wyoming main lino makes possible this magnificent circuit
tour, and adds to it 700 miles of mountain panorama between Colorado and
Let us tell you more about this wonderful trip and send you descriptice
Ijcj A j 5 S I. 8 !
Signature of t
FINE TWIN BOYS.
From Friday's Daily.
Mrs. Joseph Warga of this city U
spending a few days at Wayne, Neb.,
where she was called by the glad news
that the stork had visited the home
of her son, Joseph Warga, jr., and
left with Mr. and Mrs. Warga two
fine boys, who are doing nicely and
are real live American youngsters.
The little ones arrived Monday eve
ning, and the good news has been very
pleasing to the many friends and rela
tives in this city. Mrs. Warga is re
ported as doing nicely as well as the
two little sons.
EGGS FOR HATCHING.
From S. C. Rhode Island Reds and
S. C. WThite Orpingtons, $1.00 per 15;
55.00 per 100. Local delivery. A. O.
Ramge, Flattsmouth. Thone 3513.
Jt M U WO
Hotel Riley Block
You Now Tour Yellowstone in
R. W. CLEMENT, Ticket Agent
L. W. WAKELEY, General Passenger Agent,
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