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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (April 26, 1917)
PLATTSMOUTII SEMI-WEEKLY JOURNAL
THURSDAY. APRIL 2fi, 1917.
THE INDISPENSABLE ARMY.
RAISING AN ARMY.
Cbe plattetnoutb journa
PUBLISH CD SEMI-WEEKLV AT
Emtered at Postofflce t riattsmouth.
R. A. BATES, Publisher
rBSCKIPTlOlf PUICE fl.S
Do your own tliprrin early.
The base ball .ason opens brightly
A jrui-Jen in time may savu many a
Kvtn the small kids are crying',
The eye of a potato is worth money
If Vvu want to enjoy life, be kln!
t tvci vboJy.
IJuite a large number of farmers in
Hereafter it is to le "billions for
defense, rot mere "millions.''
The ka'ser probably smiles at the
volunteer aimy plans of congress.
No use getiing marril to escape
going into the army. That's played
It is altogether litting that a world
war should be followed by a world
The hens are woiking overtime
n.-.wd.ays. but that don't make eggs
- :o :-
We have noticed tl;at there are
those who can blutf their wiry alone:
thr:igh the wo: Id easier than others
can J -ay their way.
Tii-- i al p:uri't is the farmer who
v.i. !, - fn.rn i irly iion;'mg until late
;ii ni.uht pulling in :i erop t feed the
Most people know in a way what
tioasen i-. bat it docs no harm for
li'.e i reside!1. to ghe" it more extended
A generius biblical knowledge en
aVes a person to rut upa good argu
ment, whether it does his morals any
eoo l or not.
If the vohuiteering continues at its
present rate, we shall get that 2.000,
(ioo army in something a little less
than three years.
Germany says, there are not "yet"
air (lei man submarines in thewestern
Atlantic. That word "yet"' will cause
more rumors in a few days.
The U-boat scare off the astern
coa.-t may have been merely a plan
to increase the boml ardment insur
ar.ee recently authorized by the east
We can at lea-t be can lid with our
elves about our urprepai edness. We
only fool ourselves when we say we
are ready. Talk of that kind should
be abolished, and every effort made
to .-peed up.
The ciicus season is looming up and
we expect Plattsmouth to be visited
by a big one this year. The only
trouble will be a lot 1 ig enough to
pitch the tents without going two
miles in the couKrv.
The designing maiden lady who
doesn't succeed in making captive
some bachelor pacifist in these days of
wars and rumors of war drafts,
should give up ail hope of entering
into a state of matrimony.
An effoit is now being made to
make the newspapers pay the penalty
of the war by raising the postage,
rates. It is not right, until the gov
ernment tompcls the paper robbers to
come do.vn on the price of print pa
per. If prices of paper keeps on
5oaring, there Will not be very many
papers in existence in another year to
Neb., as second-class mail matter.
PEIt YEAR IX ADTAXCE
A man with a grouch merits his
An udveithcr claims that the war
in Europe has proved the superiority
of tea over other Leverages. It has
certainly given a black eye to John
It won! J be a good idea for hotel:;
and users of potatoes in general to
save potato eyes for planting. This
is being done in other towns, and why
net here? It will prove quite a sav
ing to planter.; and just as productive
as planting the potatoes themselves.
There is no reasonable excuse for
any farmer to complain of hard times.
These are the most prosperous times
for the farmer that we have ever ex
perienced, and the one who is not
making good, never will. It's differ
ent with those who are just starting
in the game.
Congress and the legislatures may
have to enact laws fixing prices, and
p eventing hoanlage. Public senti-
ment is not always a sufficient detri
ment for the greedy. And another
fhing, the starving are not going to
put up with intense suffering, when
food is hoarded up so close at hand,
awaiting higher prices.
In view of the fact that the country
newspapers are being asked to donate
valuable space in their columns to
wake the farmers up to a realization
that we need more crops and also in
many other ways assist irg the gov
ernment, Uncle Samuel should not
jaise the rales on second class mail
matter for awhile at least. Newspa
pers, have a hare time to exist now
without anv further taxation.
now aomex can help.
To lb? General Fi deration of Wo
man's Clubs who asked Secretary
Lare to point out to them what
women can do for the country, the
ecretary sends this message:
"The women of American can do
no greater work at this time than to
raise their own vegetables, can their
own fruit, and prevent waste in their
homes and give impulse and enthusi-
ism to the men of the 'land. If they
do this they will be doing a good f0
per cent of' the work of fighting the
war to a finish.'
Here are four specific and charac
teristically feminine methods by
which women can demonstrate tlicir
usefulness in war apart from nursing
and hospital and relief work. Is
there any question which of them is
the more essential and important?
Women can "put up"' fruit as their
mothers and grandmothers did and
devote a little more care to their
kitchen and gardens and inspire their
men folk with patriotism. Rut itis.
to prevent waste in their homes that
they can do most.
Everybody knows, and every wo
man who keeps house has special
reason to know, that Amer ican homes
which are in any degree removed
1 enury are run with a total disregard
of economy as respects the waste of
food. According to Commissioner
Hoover, enough food is wasted in
New York alone to feed the Belgians,
and the blame rests r.6t so much on
hotels and restaurants as on the tin
thrifty habits of housewives. Years
of rebuke have left them indifferent
to criticism, Lut why should they not
now adopt as a matter of patriotism
the economies they have long scorned
to try to help their bank accounts?
The best possible way to conserve
the country's food supply is to begin
with the home table. Not aft Amer
ican women can Le war nurses or
naval yoemen or aviators, but all can
help by taking a lesson in food econ
omy from French, British and Ger
man housewives. New York World
As the lawyers would say, "tho
courts differ" about the expediency
and propriety of pardoning or parol
ing a prisoner provided he will forth
with join the army or navy.
But the courts don't differ a great
deal. Sometimes a magistrate or su
perior judge, perhaps ignorant,- per
haps forgetful of the attitude of the
army and navy authorities and of
popular respect for the country's serv
ices of defense, shows leniency to a
defendant on condition that he atone
by bearing arms. This malefactor
never gets a chance if the army or
navy, as the case may be, knows it.
They want honorable men for an hon
orable service and so does the coun
try. This sentiment is occasionally em
phasized in court. For example, in
Missouri recently a young fellow was
convicted for burglary. He asked for
a parole, promising to enlist in the
army. Pointing to a large flag in the
court room, the judge said:
''Though a convict, you attempt to
wrap that flag about you and defy
the world to do you harm. Its spot
less folds must not be contaminated
with the touch of felon hands even
upon the field of battle."
But the offer of the convicts in the
New York state penitentiary at Au
burn furnishes a new suggestion on
this point. Man power is being ten-
dered the country in all capacities
and from all quarters, and it will
probably be available in adequate de
grees even if the conflict we have en
tered requires tremendous exertion on
our part. Men of all races, colors, re
ligions, stations and conditions are
piomising their services to the gov
ernment. One of the most singular
of the responses to the appeal comes
from the convict body at Auburn.
They desire to be formed into a regi
ment and put in the field.
Now, of course, it is easy to con
ceive a motive in them that is not pa
triotic, but one of s'elf-intei est only.
Yet it is a little hard to read their
proposal without some sympathy and
gratification. We work convicts in the
mines, in the fields, on the reads and
under contracts in prison yard shops.
Why not let them serve society alsej
in war under spe'eial and appropriate
supervision? Mitrht they not fight
well? Remember the Foreign Legion
in France, made up largely of fugi
tives from justice and, until they took
this service, desperate, abandoned
and lost men. Yet the legion is one
of the most remarkable phenomena
of the war.. Out of this strange com
pany breaks forth manhood, self-sac-r
ifice and heroism. They are first
class fighters. They do not hesitate-
to die for the cause. -They die as
bravely for each other. Many reputation-;
have been redeemed. Many
black records squared by noble ac
tions. Some of these men have sig
nally glorified themselves. A great
many seized on the privilege of en
listment as an opportunity to at last
Entering the military service in a
separate organization or organiza
tions, as convicts, the malefactors
would not cast reproach upon it, and
the example of the Foreign Legion
leaves room to suppose that they
might under such extraordinary cir
cumstances prove good soldiers and
return some recompense to the coun
try whose laws they had violated.
The most debased of criminals could
not be given the privilege. There
would have to be discrimination, but
it does not seem impossible that the
reform . wardens and philanthropists
could make up several respectable
regiments of paroled men. World
With the country in war the pa
cifists disappear. There are only the
two classes of citizens referred to by
President James of the University of
Illinois in his telegram to President
Wilson: "I -hereby volunteer for any
service in which I may be of use. In
this situation there can be only pa
triots and traitors."
Good roads invite auto speeding,
auto speeding invites acidents, and ac
cidents invite the undertakers.
Figures prepared by the statistician
of the Chicagov Union Stock Yards
give an explanation, entirely apart
from the war, for the food shortage
that confronts the entire world.
The general food production in -Ihe
United States has increased only 1
per cent in ten years, while at the
same time population increased 21
per cent. In the same period the an
nual wheat production has decreased
13 per cent. Corn, the basis of the
meat supply, was almost 12 per cent
less in 191 than in 190G, and last
year's crop was almost 0 per cent less
than the ten years' average. Says the
"All wheat in the United States for
191.r totaled 1,011,000,000 bushels; in
J910 only 011,000,000 bushels, a
straight slump of ,"100,000,000 bushels
almost a half."
In the Argentine, Australia and
New Zealand a series of drouths has
been experienced, and Argentina, in
addition, has passed through a ruinous
period of foot and mouth disease. The
"Live stock of all kinds is deficient
in the United States and the worst
feature is that the whole country is
short of breeding stock. The decline
in raising stock in Illinois alone dur
ing the l:it ten years is more than
-10 per cent; in Iowa 30 per cent, and
these are the chief cattle states of
the corn belt. A succession of drouths
in Texas and a shortage of grass in
the more northern cattle regions and
the over-marketing of all kinds of
live stock owing to attractive prices
have caused the slaughter of meat an
imals to exceed production for a num
ber of years.
The conclusion he draws is that if
the war should end tomorrow and
every effort were made to increase
cattle production, it would take from
six to ten years iir the best of condi
tions to build up a normal supply. The
greatest need of America today, lie
ays, is corn, which is not only the
basis of the meat supply but furnishes
a multitude of corn food products.
Such arc the conditions in the lands
that have been legist adversely affect
ed by the war. And in the lands in
which war rages most fiercely millions
of the best laborers have been with
drawn from agriculture, fertilizer sup
plies have run shoit or been entirely
exhausted, and crops and fields and
great stores of grain and other food
stuffs have been destroyed by the con
Greater than the need of American
soldiers abroad is the need of Amer
ican workers in the corn fields, ii the
cattle yards and oh the ranges. Great
er than the need for American muni
tions is the need for American grain
and pork and beef and other farm
products. Our armies miht or might
not be needed to save the day. But
that our farm workers, in increa?ed
numbers and with all possible backing
and assistance are imperatively needed
there can be not the slightest ques
TKUTII IS HEEDED.
Be true, if you would be believed.
Let a man but speak forth with gen
uine earnestness the thought, the emo
tion,. the actual conditions of his own
heart; and other men, so strangely
are we all knit together by the tie of
sympathy, must and wiil give heed
to him. In culture, in extent of view,
we may stand above the speaker, or
below him; but in either case, his
words, if they are earnest and "Kin
cere, will find some response within
us; for in spite of all casual varieties
in outward rank or inward, as face
answers to face, so does the heart of
man to man. Thomas Carlyle.
Had Trouble for Four or Five Years.
Many people suffer from bladder
trouble when they can be quickly re
lieved. W. J. Fur ry, R. F. D. 2, Salem,
Mo., writes: "I was bothered with
bladder trouble for four or five years.
It gave me a great deal of pairr. I
took different medicines but nothing
did me any good until I got Foley
Kidney Pills." Sold everywhere.
Geo. W. Snyder was an Omaha vis
itor this afternoon.
One part of the presielcnt's plan will
be intensely disliked by militarists.
They have been counting on the war
to saddle universal service perma
nently upon the country; now is the
time, they say, to "put it over." But
the president makes it very clear that
the great military preparations which
the country is to make are to meet
the emergency, and that the working
out of a permanent system is to be
deferred till we have more light on
conditions after the war. This is right
and wise, but it will sorely grieve
those who hoped to use the marital
spirit evoked by the war to commit
the United States permanently ti;
Anti-militarists, on the other hand,
will deeply i egret even the moderate
use of compulsion which is proposed,
and indeed only urgent need could
reconcile the notion as a whole to a
step so contrary to the national tem
per and tradition. Yet this country,
like England, lias always recognizee!
and in crisis has pt in
herent right of the g
A 1 I 1 1 I.
soil to me orait as a u.w
and this is war. To many it may
seem that at so great a distance from
Europe the United States can have
no need of such far-reaching military
preparations. ToMhis, the answer is
that nobody can yet say what forces
may be needed before a durable peace
is attained. The war is one of unpre
cedented violence and destruetiveness,
and the great military power which
is now our enemy krmws nothing of
wars of limited liability. Carefully
and methodically, with care not to
weaken the support which it can give
to the allies, the United States must
prepare, so far as foresight serves,
for every emergency and for every
risk, including the risk of a victory
for Ilindenburg. The arming vt' th
nation must go on at a steady and ac
celerating rate, and a limited use of
compulsion finds a logical place in the
t cb"m?. Springfield Republican.
R I'SS I A N F R I EN DSHD
Former Speaker Cannon in discus
singsing the war appropriation bill in
congress said his sympathies were
st longer for Rursia than for anv other
country on the4 side of the allies as
Russia always had been a strong
friend of the United States, sending
a fleet to this country in the time of
the civil war when England was about
to recognize the southern confederacy,
anel by so doing wielded an influence
that was of a great benefit to this
Russia always has been friefidly tfc
the United States, but she has mz
always been treated as a friend should
be treated. The United States bought
Alaska of Russia at a bargain price
but that was no fault of America as
Russia was glad to et rid of Alaska
at any price.
In the war between Russia ami
Japan the administration (Roosevelt)
and the public sided with Japan, which
was a queer thing to le as even at
that time trouble with Japan was
brewing and it is brewing still.
It is alleged that Russia could have
won the war with Japan if she hael
held on, but graft and internal dis
sensions caused Russia to give up the
struggle. She got no sympathy from
the United States even though the
Russian government was known to be
friendly to the American government.
Congressman Cannon is right when
he says the United States should ex
tend a helping hand to Russia if it is
to elo the good Samaritan act in Eu
rope. York News-Times.
Some, people would never go to war
unless compelled to. Anel this is
where the draft comes in good play,
which is no respecter of person it
treats everyone alike.
The farmers are doing everything
in their power to save the people from
starvation, and there should be no
kick against-them, even if they do
get a big price for everything they
Con.HHessman Shallcnbcrger is op
posed to conscription. We didn't
think it of "Shall j'!"
The Eind You Have Always Bought, and which has teen
in UE8 for over over 30 years, has borne the signature of
" ij li-.tivs ) e. u in iris.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and 44 Just-as-ood " a-e tut
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health cf
Infants and Children Experience against Experiment.
What is CASTORS A
Castcna is a harmless substitute for Caster 0:1, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains
neither Opium, Morphine ncr other narcotic substance. Is
p.ge is its guarantee. For more than thirty years it has
been in constant use for the relief of Constipation, F-aeuicnoy,
Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying. Feverishness ari'n
thercfrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bovels, aids
the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural Elej.
The Childrea's PanaceaThe Mother's Friend.
sojswsks CASTOR I A always
Is Use For Over 30 Years
Tho Kind You Have Always Bought
THS CENTAUR COMMV. Mr" VOSK C ITV
From Tuesday's Daily.
Will Iiummell motoreel in this
morning to spenel a-few hours leoking
after some business matters with the
II. C. Creamer of Murray was in
the city today for a few hours attend
ing to a few matters of business at
the county seat.
Mrs. J. F. Ragoss of Louisville
came down to this city this morning
to altenel to some business matters
anel visit friends for a short time.
She was a pleasant caller at this office.
Mr. anel Mrs. August Jochim and
daughter Elsie of Louisville anel Mr.
anel Mrs. Peter Volger and daughter
of Manley motored to this city yes
terelay afternoon for a few hours vis
it with friends.
Mr.'. William Wctenkamp, Mrs. A.
A. Wctenkamp and daughter, Miss
Mary, ami II. W. Barker, motored ki
this morning from their home at My
narel, enroute to Omaha, where they
visiteel for the day.
William Uell, who has been spending
a few days in the city as the guest of
friends and o acquaintances, depart
ed this morning fqr his home at Dav
enport, la., and will spenel a few hours
in Omaha en route.
II. F. Engelkemeier, wife anel little
sen, motored in this morning from
their home near Murray anel departed
on the early Burlington trairr for
Omaha to visit for a few hours look
ing after some matters of business.
Chris Barkening and wife departed
this morning on the early Burlington
train for Omaha, where they will
visit for the day looking after some
matters of business and enjoy a visit
with their son anel family in that
M. L. Williams returned home last
evening from Chase county, Neb.,
where he lias been looking Rafter his
ranch in that county for the past few
weeks. Mr. Williams will soon leave
to become a permanent resident of
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Schoniaker
and Mr. Schomakcr's -mother, Mrs.
C. Schoniaker of near Nehawka
motored to this city yesterday after
noon for a short visit with friends.
Mr. Schoniaker was a pleasant caller
at this office.
Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Schneider and
babe and Mr. Schneider's mother,
Mrs. J. J. Schneider of Cedar Creek
motored to this city yesterday after
noon for a short visit with friends.
Mrs. J.J. Schneider has just return
ed from Los Angeles, Calif., where
she has been spending the winter.
P. II. Meisinger Jr., and wife
came in this morning from their
country home anel departed on the
early Burlington train for Omaha
where they will visit with Mrs.
E. J. Meisinger at the hospital in
Dyspepsia is America's curse. To
restore digestion, normal weight, good
health and purify the blood, use Bur
dock Blood Bitters. Sold at all drug
stores. Price ?1.00.
Dawson Wiii Fix It .
has hPPTI mnra vnnor
supervision since its infancy.
PURCHASES NEW DOOM: CAK.
Henry C. Creamer of Murray is tin
possessor of a new Dodge automobile
which he has secured through John F.
Gorder, the local agent, and will in the
future enjoy traveling in this splen
did new ear. Mr. Creamer is well
pleased with the car and feels that he
has secured a line bargain.
Attorney C. II. Taylor of Omaha
and Attorney Dale, Boyles of Alvo
were in the city today fer a few
hours looking after some matters of
business at the court house.
County Commissioner C. E. Ilceb
ner of Nehawka and Commissioner
Snoke were in the city over night,
departing this morning in company
with Commissioner Pitz for a trip
out inspecting bridges.
The name Doa n's inspires confi
dence Doan's Kidney Pills for kidney
ills. Doan's Ointment for skin itch
ing. Doan's Kegulets for a mild lexa
tive. Sohl at all drug stores.
1 have a good Shetland pony, 2
years old. that I will trade for a goerd
work horse. Inquire of W. R. Egen
The Celebrated Per
Bsuszsal 0 4 O 2 7c
Will make the present season at my
farm, nine miles south of Platts
mouth and six miles east of Murray
every day in the week.
Max is an excellent iron gray Per
cheron stallion, having been thor
oughly examined by the State Sani
tary Board and found sound in every
way, his number being P-4WJ1. D
was foaled May 13, Dll, bred by
Countryman Brothers Nehawka, Ne
braska, and has an excellent rcput.'.
tion as a foal getter.
' TERMS $12.00 to insure colt to
stand and suck. If marc is dispo.-e
of or removed from the community
service fee becomes due and payable
immediately. All care will be taken
to prevent accidents, but owner of
horse will rt be held responsible
should :ny occur.
KIARK WHITE, Owner
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