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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1917)
MONDAY, FEBHUAUY 26, 1917.
nr 4 ircu hittii crn wra;t v umi?V4i
Cbc piattsmoutb louvnal
I'l HIJHtll SKMI-W Ki;KLV AT IL.ATTSMOliTU, NKBllASKA.
littered t IW-tv.'Qceat l'lattsmouth. Neb., as second-class mall matter.
R. A. BATES, Publisher
IB8CRIPTIO.V TKICEl il.59
THOUGHT I Oil-TODAY,
Hi r.i-mbtr this that very lit-
t- ! needed to make life hippy, v
Marcus A un. litis.
;iv to mae
good is t be
ji v" and enforce the
. o .
"i u-r-f day.- f
:: a ei a: s.-c.i.
il lew on
of i. i
-: o :
oat of life
t:- ; . inherit
.i:.'t l t pos.-cs-
! a: ;iu. next
j . ( :--silini cn-
. r t" ( ppoi -
!)! "(i out
i a:, t 1 vl
rht in wiM
"ingcr. : :-.e gen-
i.'ii h I U d -
v i. .-".-It V. .V t':-.
;:g ! n
ih.-r's e: It!'
1 1 niti
- : ' i- tui-l some mighty. big
i : !":'- day. '.;t hae y-u noticed
.-: f tl.'.in kac eme true. I'oi
tr.- -nvle. -r-l-H .-'!-.
uranirv u-ly given their
t n.'t.r.-errent to the stand
t r. i y
Silver i- bc,;v.ir.g a precious metal
It : .i-e oil er day to TT -i-S
t-M- an naive, t!;v highest price at-
t . i ; i by -iivcr bullion since th" re
! h1 of : h. i;i;.!i S !emoiieti.atin"
V"t- !o r,ui vaiit
t !,' c i.- ;.! y v.a;.
;ir with flcrnianv
to kceji out of it
icil ili'j ni:iev
h ii! tlif ;iif chinioiiair foi
v . :
. -ti ih'. V c; :l ni'lKi
ic h an ur.'oit ni;
'l"h- . t.-t-
'.' t : : '
if,'! -i i'. :-e I'a- k'"U wait-
f- -.f -two y?at
;- ;"! . l-'eiiator Ilecd'.-'!r.-
r.t . '.iiih pa-'-d the seiale
f' a lti- n;ajrit .
:o : .
iio:-.- a i j . i ' ;- n - .'. :ii ci .-ai y i
.if ovca-i'-'i thai .-!:"ti!d he ir;'::; Ca---r.-j
!;.' c h oi atci than it i i in th.is
tiiiy a itl atte, Mid why it is rot is be
yond our conipr'.-hcn-i'n. The bather
of Our ountry done most of the work
that freed this country from the iron
iu!e of (Jreat Drii.'.in. a:ai hi:; memory
.-iiouhl be mo;i- ene; (i;-ly vommem-
iiated liy those ulio are totiaV reefiv-
benefit.- i a at '( indc
.-ntieitt pve: r. rr.e ;.t.
PER YEAR IN ADVANCE
VICTIMS OF PROSPERITY.
Food riots in New York City!
Within sight of the great skyscrapers
in which the boards cf directors are
boused; within sight of Broadway's
-ilaring lights, its cafes and pleasure
r.ahaes and cabarets; within sight of
Wa!i st:e-t and the stock exchange,
where more numerous and more
p-ir.cely fortunes have been won, by
gambling, within a few months, than
were ever gathered together by hard
and honest labor in ten times as many
.'Trl th-:.' tre aot food ists due ie
a-d tint. - and i u lc ". imployment.
i 'i l . v lorae in a time of n; nieUceen-e-J
prosj'erity when there are more jobs
than there are men and women to fill
l!um. They come in a time when the
United States, already the wealthiest
of nations, is realizing richer return?
from i-s energv and enterprise and
! labor than ever before in its history
: And the rioting is dene bv the poor
, nn of starving children. "Starv
ing children" when the fathers and
ir.cthers, and in many instances the
chil l, i n themselves, are at work!
D . es'r.t :t sound like some bit of Alice
in Wonderland nonsense?
These mothers take the combined
family earnings to the market to buy
foo 1. And the combined earnings are
not sufficient to pay th? prices that
are demanded, when at the same time
rent must be paid, and fuel and cloth
i'.g purchased. The mother.;, in their
lage. attack the traders and spill their
.tock:-- into the gutters and fight with
tooth and nail against the policemen
who charge down upon them in the
name of law and order. They are de
manding audience with the mayor.
ttiese mothers. lhev are arranging
for a starvation parade past the lait
J. P. Morgan. They are petitioning
Pie.-i dent Wilson for relief. And the
president is insisting that congress,
before it adjourns, provide funds to
enable the federal trades commission
to investigate into the causes of this
strange phenomenon, and find, if pos
sible, a remedy.
And in this same city where Amer
ican mothers are becoming as tigress
es to fight for their children, there
are warehouses and freight cars and
dock yards packed and crammed with
food millions upon millions of dollars
worth of food. It is waiting for the
submarine scare to die down so it may
be shipped to Europe and there sold
at enormous prices, to nations that are
so busy in the hellish work of murder
ar.J. destruction that they have no
time to produce food for themselves.
It is to be sold to peoples so deter
mined upon crushing one another that
they will consent to pay any price for
the food America produces if by doing
so they may be left free to give all
their time to fighting rather than to
'"Look out upon the world, my son,''
said Oxenstijej na, the great Swedish
chancellor, during the Thirty Years'
War, 'and see with what little wis.
doiH its nations are governed!"
With what little wisdom and with
what little justice! Europe and Amcr.
ica have had more than 'I'A) years in
vhich to make progress toward wis.
d v. and righteousness since Oxenst
ja.w: '. died. What, we wonder, would
.'. think of the "progress" if he could
come back and get a glimpse of our
m Why should women and children be
fbliged to fight like animals for food
in the richest city in the richest coun
try in the world? Why, when pros-
reiity is at its height? Why, when
there is employment for all? We have
heard, before this, of people starving
because times were hard, because they
could not find work, because of fail-
v'v of crops, because of being cut off
by armed enemies from the fobtf sup
- -. l I I II II - I II ' .'I!! .11 .1.1 I - I I -
ply. But never before, we think, in
the history of the world, have there
occurred such hunger riots as these
we read of in New York. Starvation
in the midst of plenty! Starvation,
when stead v work will not earn
enough money to buy the worker
enough of that plenty to keep body
and soul comfortably together! Star
vation of American women and chil
dren while American products go to
feed the people of other lands!
Surely it is time that the govern
ment of the people of the United
States were giving a little of its val-
uable time and attention to this sit
uation. Surely it is a problem that
is pressing just as hard for solution,
and the situation just as important, as
even the problem of the submarine
blockade. Surely it is quite as much
the duty of the government to find a
way, if it can, to get food to thesi
American citizens who are willing to
work hard for it and who are work-
ing nam as to nnu a way io gei ioou
to the fighting men of other nations,
And it will require no naval convoys
to get food to these peaceful, hard
working citizens of ours. It will call
for no arming of merchant vessels. Il
will plunge us into no war, or danger
of war. It will require only the ap
plication and enforcement of that dic
tum of our Blessed Savior, which is
at once the foundation stone of our
whole societv and of all our laws, that
the laborer is worthy of his hire."
It wuld be an exaggeration to say
that everybody in ew Nork is getting
wealthy except those by whose labor
wealth is produced. But there would
e more truth than fiction in it. The
lobster palaces are jammed with a
roistering invasion of millionaires
made over night, who tip the waiters
with yellow-backed bills, and outside
and back in the shadows the laborer.-
are sullenly pondering the problem
why they can't work hard enough to
get money enough to buy food enough
to feed their children.
It is unpatriotic, or undemocratic.
I t, 1 . A iL...
or "pro-iierman, to suggest u;.u
there are problems confronting our
wise men and sages and philanthrop
ists that are just as pressing as the
feeding of the Belgians and the sup
plying of the allies with contraband?
Will we have an early spring?
Give the people what they voted for.
Because a man holds an office does
not invalidate the well established rub.'
that honesty is the best policy.
The school book question is a source
of annoyance to the legislature, as it
has been with every legislature since
Nebraska has been a tate. The trou
ble is the school book question is a
public graft, and passes through too
many maniputators, who get their
The chairman of the Belgian Relief
commission says that we have given
$!),000,000 to feed the Belgians and
have made .$."0,000,000 out of the food
sold by us and paid for by the gifts
of other nations. There's a disgrace
that ought to be wiped out. We might
at least be generous enough to give
half the profits.
The Mattes bill, providing for taxa
tion of property where probate es
tates discloses that it has been with
held from the tax rolls during a period
of years and adding a "0 per cent
penalty for those who are not patri
otic enough to list all their property
for taxation, passed through the sen
ate committee of the whole today with
The biggest graft ever perpetrated
upon the taxpayers of Nebraska is the
textbook combine, and now there is a
proposition to place the buying and
selling of school books in the hands
of a board of commissioners, in which
there is to be a secretary employed
at a salary of .$3,000 a year, which
nill make the graft somewhat larger.
The legislature should sit down on
such a proposition 'pretty heavily. And
if the members of the legislature are
the fiiends of their constituents they
vill do so.
When the president shall have
signed the postoffice appropriation bill
every prohibition slate in the unioi;
will become, forthwith, a "bone dry"
state. For the bill carries the already
famous "Reed amendment" which ab
solutely forbid the shipment of in
toxicating beverages into prohibition
states. The national government will
no longer allow states which prohibh
the manufacture and sale of "booze"
within their own limits to patronize
and encourage its manufacture and
sale in other states. It will require
all prohibition states to abide by their
convictions and exercise that complete
degree of self-denial which those con
victions call for. If a state declares
that for the sake of morality and
good government and human happi
ness it is necessary, to abolish the
liquor traffic, then it may riot promote
immorality and bad government and
misery by patronizing the liquor traf
fic in sister commonwealths.
For the national government to take
this uncompromising stand is unques
tionably tough on that traditional citi
zen of Maine who is "in favor of pro
hibition but against its enforcement."
It is tough on those who think their
neighbor is injured by drink but they
themselves are not, and therefore vote
prohibition on the neighbor whilst pre
serving a "personal liberty" loop-hole
for themselves. But just as unques
tionably it is good logic and sound
common sense. it is so logical am1.
sensible, indeed, that it commanded
the overwhelming support of the
friends and opponents of prohibition j
in both houses of congress. -What lit
tle opposition there was to it was
based almost wholly on two grounds:
That it would work- a hardship on
liquor dealers with large supplies o:,
hand engaged in tilling the demand in
"dry" states; and that, by making pro.
hibition actually prohibitive it would
tend to make it unpopular. The
amendment was proposed by an out
spoken antagonist of prohibition. Sen
ator Reed of Missouri. A reading of
the Congressional Record indicate
that it was inspired by resentment
against another amendment pending
offered by Senator Jones of Washing
ton. The amendment prohibited the
sending of any liquor adverti.-ing into
a dry state. It was so drastic that it
made subject to federal grand jury in
dictment a person who might inno
cently send a newspaper containing a
liquor "ad" into a state where such
advertising is banned. Senator Reed
declared it was absurd and hypocrit
ical for the government to punish the
advertiser, or the publisher in whose
paper the advertisement appeared, or
the third party who mailed the paper,
and yet allow the product itself to be
ordered and shipped. So he proposed
his amendment and the senate all but
unanimously voted for it, and the
house gave it the sanction of a top
heavy indorsement a few days later.
- Nebraska was one of the states
where the prohibition forces had se
cured the adoption of a constitutional
amendment to forbid the, manufacture
and sale of stimulants within the
state, but permitting purchase and im
portation for personal use. This plan
was frankly avowed by Ihe prohibi
tionists and justified among them
selves on the ground that a "bone dry"
amendment would be defeated, since
public sentiment was not yet "edu
cated up to" prohibition's logical con
clusion. So long as the federal laws
were such as to sanction this peculiar
sort of prohibition, and since the peo
ple of Nebraska had voted for it, it
was manifestly the duty of the Ne
braska legislature to make laws put
ting it into effect in the manner or
dered by the people, by permitting im
portation for personal use. That duty
no longer burdens the legislature now
that congress has put an end to the
practice. And that the position taken
by congress is a proper one we think
few fair-minded men will question,
whatever their individual attitude to
ward the prohibition issue.5 For it i-'
the duty of congress to make laws !.
protect and promote the general wel
fare. It acts not for any particular
state or states but for tin nation.
And it is manifestly contrary to cor-I
rect national policy to tolerate a sys
tem under which hypocrisy and in
tolerance and lawlessness may use
the federal statutes for their shield
and bulwark. If a state desires to
rid itself of breweries, distilleries and
saloons that is its undoubted right.
But it should not have the right
merely to push them across the bor
der into another state which does not
desire prohibition, ami there support
them with its patronage, leaving that
other state to bear a double soon,
pel haps, a triple and quadruple bur
den. This is quite as much an impo.
sition and injustice as to permit the
"wet" state to dump its liquid product
on the "dry" one without its consent
Congress having abolished the latter
injustice in the Webb-Kenyon act has
'now aboii.-hed the former by the Reed
amendment, and all states stand, at
last, on an equal footing.
Nebraska, after May 1, will be real
ly a prohibition state, except for the
saturation restilting from the supply
on hand when the amendment goes
into elfect, and except for moonshin
ing and the blockade runners and
bootleggers. It is to be hoped, and
expected, that the legislature will giv.
to the governor and other proper au
thorities all necessary power to deal
with these, in "which undertaking they
will have the powerful assistance of
the federal government. It may rea
sonably be anticipated that within ii
very few months liquor in Xcbrn.sk;,
will be about as piicjtus and as ran
as rubies and that he who Pa- it no',
in his own possession will have i -be
a radient genius to procure it fc;
love or mont y. So it will be with
more than a score of other states. Th.
acid test of prohibition is about to b :
tried. Whether it will result in a i
extension o" the policy to cover thi.
entire nation or in a grand recession
it is bootless to conjecture. World
CONVICT ROAD BUILDING.
Tile road depaitment of the fedeia!
agricultural bureau points out that
there has been a steady decrease sine
1885 in the number of convicts in tr
United States employed in miscel
laneous work and a corresponding ir.
crease iv the number engaged in the
ni.i'--ir.' ' f publb- hbchwaj s. There is
now a bill before the Nebraska legis
lature providing for the employment,
of tne state's wards at the peniten
tiary in road making, and some such
measure should ba. passed, now that
there is a general road propaganda
under way in the legislature stimu
lated by federal appropriation, it is
an especially good time to bring about
a revision of the law with respect to
working prisoners on the roads. Such
labor will conflict as little with free
labor as any kind of labor that can be
designated. And the need of an un
limited amount of read building makes
it a particularly inviting field in which
to utilize these men during their penal
servitude. It not only would serve the
community by providing improved
highways, but it would lelieve the
state institutions of a congested con
dition and afford a kind of labor for
the men that will be to their physical
and disciplinary advantage. Fremont
Winter weather keeps' .-.ght along.
If everybody was honest the collect
ing agencies would have to go out of
After a while, people begin lo sus
pect the- fellow whose errors are al
ways in his own favor.
The government could help on this
box car shortage if they would
straighten up their backbone.
The trouble with some people is,
they want to attend to other people's
business, exclusive of their own.
Signs of Spring the War depart
ment is preparing to increase the
butchery in the European trenches.
Spring will be here ;n a few dayd,
but it is hard to tell abo it the weath
er. March, you know, comes inniettv
blustery and may go out the same
NVtJna-nifs 15 Fluid Drachm'
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Cr &j ; i .i - 1 ! io S ior.i.ulis and KiW
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E:;act Copy cf Wrapper.
ROAD FUNDS AVAILABLE
When the legislative session betran
the amount of good roads funds allot
ted to the state by the federal govern
ment, wiin... the state must meet with
:-.n equal appropriation if it gets the
money, amounted to but $1'M,7TU.S1.
That was the allotment for the year
ending Jane HUT.
Sir1.:- thi.t time, however, another
'.ii' itii.er.t has been made for the year
ending -hi'v Il'bS amounting to
sj l-o" 1 1
So that there i now available for
.ood roads in this state .:J1'0,:j1J.-12,
which this state can have for any
kind of impro d highway that prom
ises reasonable permanency, provid
ing the state and its counties express
iheir determination to expend a sim
ilar sum upon their loads.
The measure pending provides, as
draftid, that this fund shall bo appor
tioned among Nebraska's counties up
on a basis jointly of proportionate
area, population and existing post
loads, one third of the fund being ap
poi thinned upon each of the three es
How the counties and the state tire
to divide their responsibility for their
half of the cost of the roads to be
built in the next two years is the
problem that must be solved by ihe
legislature. Lincoln Star.
One reform follows another with
the legislature of Nebraska. Now
comes W. J. Taylor, of Custer county,
and v wants to cut out the Sunday
movies. Taylor comes from a little
town called Mania, and because his
town is too small for movies he wants
to deprive people in the larger cities
from enjoying them.
imm&s& m m svwtfa nans
.F.r.cm?-virivJM is n fm -m m ti m ri i-
SEVEN MILLION ACRES
Of Free Homstcadsin Wyoming You Can Make
CHARACTER OF LAND:
(irass-coVered grazing lands in Wyomiiv north of n, i.i
River and east of the Big Horn Mountains 1 1:,tlt!
line for Northeastern Wyoming ljU,1,ntonh Alhance-Shendan main
HOW TO GET TITLE:
quired. Final nr
oof within five
months of the dat
e of filing.
WHEN TO GO:
Co early this
oiTer an excellent
I I I I I
w u Willi
For Infants and Children.
Mothers Know That
THt CENTAUR COM MNY, HEW TO CITf.
I III 111 !'' "
The fatted calf will soon get it in
-:o : -
Courage with people is a big thin;
Don't be in a hurry about that gar
Do not lose faith in yourself. The
minute you do, you begin to go down
Bankers don't like new coins, be
cause, they say, they are hard to
stack. We never had an opportunity
to stack very many of them.
There are rr.&-e than one hundic !
thcusand automobile licenses in the
state of Nebraska. What better ar
gument do we need in favor of goo.5
Irresolution permits many imagin
ary objects to loom up, so weakening
the hope of success that the battle is
lost before it is begun.
If the millionaires are to run this
government, just as well for the com
mon people to give up and acknowl
edge themselves serfs.
The east is for war, and the west is
against war. President Wilson has a
hard time 'between the devil and the
deep blue sea!"
The immigration bill, vetoed once,
by Taft and twice by Wilson, has
passed the senate by the necessary
majority to make it a law. The bill
contains the illiteracy test with the
entire clause to which it is said Japan
objected. The law becomes effective
May 1. The vote was G2 to 10.
m w it y j
residence required with five 'months,' .
improvements to the vl .,. 'r0V- each
v,.,.., i. 1" -' acre re-
taken up within
spring if possible: vet the -i ; - i
choice as late as the Summer! 'HIW and
fnitTs by the
Buiralo, Wyoming or bv .n. ,,AuK,'Ilsits"ndancc and
circular J information ne"1 V ur
exactly what to do. dnt1. It tells you
S. B. IIOWARO, Immigration Agent, C. BM R R
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