The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current, October 13, 1913, Page PAGE 4, Image 4

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    PAGE 4
Tlie Plattsmouth Journal
Published Semi-Weekly
Entered at the Postoffice at Plattsmouth, Nebraska as second-class matter
4- Immortality will come to
such as are lit for it; and
i he who woul be a great soul
4 in the future must be
J great soul now. Emerson.
The orator who proclaims that
the people can be trusted always
demands his money in advance.
: :o:
Kansas City has more than a
million eggs. But as they are in
cold storage she is not proud of
A man who uses religion as a
cloak in this world will need a
cast iron smoking jacket in the
:o :
Liars are not a wh it-more orig
inal now than they were when
Adam lied about that applo tran
saction. :o:
When Lincoln gets through
with its trouble, we will alt know
more about the commission kini
of government.
The reports are coming in
that the turkeys' are scarce.
That's always the case when
Thanksgiving day is so near.
A scientist predicts that "in
the year 2017 this will be a baby
less world." We would like to
know from whom he gets his in
formation.' '"'" " :-
Some of the local merchants,
it is slated, have found out how
to meet the competition of the
mail order houses in Chicago by
sending out orders by parcel
So many Omaha people are
now drinking out of linger bowls
after eight o'clock that the
hotels there are talking about
abolishing the finger bowl from
their tables.
The comiing on of snow from
the West should leave nothing
to be desired by those who, dur
ing the recent summer, were pin
ing for a change. The world is
made up of extremes, but not
more in matters of weather than
of temperament.
:o :
The proposal to observe
Thanksgiving on the anniversary
ol Lincoln's Gettysburg . speech
should appeal to President Wil
son as an excellent suggestion.
It will give to the day historical
significance and will detract from
it nothing of its reverential char
acter. Changing the date froiv.
the third Thursday in November
to November 19 will violate no
custom that is hallowed. Thanks
giving' belongs to a season and
not to any particular event. It
was first observed in this country
in - Massachusetts colony, to evi
dence the colonists' gratitude for
a bountiful harvest and freedom
from attacks by Indians. The
example set by Governor Brad
ford was followed in other colon
ies and, later, a day for thanks
giving observance was proclaim
ed afler each harvest. It thus
took on the character of the Eu
ropean "Harvest Home." There
can be no reasonable objection
to having the day commemorate
an historical occasion each year
if the president so desires. A
Thanksgivirrg day proclaimed in
observance of some great event
in the nation's history would
doubtless meet with general
at Plattsmouth, Neb.:
jjemocrats .at Kearney and
York will elect their postmaster
by ballot. At each place there
are several candidates in the
race. In fine, "the longest pole
will knock the postmaster."
George A. Joslyn is reported
as having declared that ' the
dandelions are all dead this year
because of the dry weather. It
will be remembered that W. J.
Bryan has been reported as dead
a good many times, but he has
somehow always turned up to in
sist that the report was exagger
ated, lie's a perennial dandy
lion, sure enough.
President Elliott of the New
Haven railroad is obsessed with
the idea that "a- short route, to
the restoration of public confid
ence in the railroads of the
country will be furnished by a
positive declaration by federal
and state commissions that rail
road rates may be advanced."
Mr. Elliott better awake right
now to the fact that his own line
has a long route to travel before
it will have the public confidence
and that route has nothing to
do with advanced rates, either.
A lot of advice is being hand
ed out to the farmers these days.
Some of it is good, and some of it
would not know the difference
betwen a naystack and a not air
balloon. It is easy enough for a
banker, or a lawyer, or a merch
ant, to sit in his easy chair and
tell his olllce boy how a farm
ought to be run, and at what sea
sons of the year a farmer ought
to have his hair cut, but the real
problems of the farm must be
worked out and fought out by the
man who does the farming.
Farming by proxy has never been
much of a success and never will
be. Farming is a separate and
distinct business-of itself, and no
man can learn to farm success
fully except by getting down to
into the furrow and the ditch,
and by meeting and solving the
actual problems that arise. And
contrary to the opinion that pre
vails in some quarters, it re
quires as much brains, and good
judgment, and business ability to
successfully run a farm as it
does to run a bank, or a board of
trade. The farmer must work
out his own salvation, and it will
be to his interest and to the in
terest of his sons, to keep all of
the brains of the family on the
farm,. And those brains should
be worked to their full capacity.
There is a right way and a wrong
way of doing things, and brains
will find out the right way. The
brains of the neighborhood will
get together and talk over the
various methods of doing things
and then adopt the best way.
Brains will investigate the soil
and the seed and the proper sea
son for the sowing and the plant
ing. Brains will select the
varieties of grains and fruits and
vegetables best adapted to the
climate and the soil. Brains will
adopt the best methods of culti
vating the cropsand the most
economical and profitable method
of harvesting and marketing
them. Brains will select the most
profitable breed of live stock "and
poultry, and will learn how to
feed and care for it to the best
advantage. Brains will build
sheds for farm machinery instead
of letting it rust in the fields dur
ing the winter. Brains will light
en the drudgery of the housewife,
will provide conveniences for the
for the home and wholesome en
tertainment for the family.
Brains will build good roads to
the market and "will make of the
emintrv church and school build-
ing something more than a mere
necessity. The farm needs
brains, and the farmer must sup-
ply them. It is. only in the city
that men can tret along without
I. f). Dwver. of this city, and
I. W. Livingston and Judge Wil
son, of Nebraska City, are appli
cants for the district judgeship
made vacant by the death of Hit
late Judge II. D. Travis. And one
of these three will be appointed.
as thev are all democrats. They
are all welL fitted for the position
Governor Morehead is right in
his determination not to be m a
hurrv in the appointment of a
successor to tne late juuge
Travis, deceased. The governor
is wise in weighing the matter
carefully. There are several ap
plicants for the vacancy, and we
believe the people of Cass coun
tv should, to some extent, be
J. J. Leary, of Indianapolis,
iul., has informed the stale aud
itor that he has a bank note of
the Bank of Tekamah, issued in
he year 1839. He asks redemp
tion of the paper. The stale of
ficial has replied in a letter lo
Mr. Leary that it is worm no
more man its value as a curio
and that the paper represent:
early days in Nebraska's wildcat
lanking experiences. Collection
might be made if the men inter
ested in the bank saw lit to make
good the paper.
The Lincoln highway lias beem
ocalcd and was the chief topic
before the meeting of the Third
merican Road banquet at De
troit last week. Anyone who
wants to know the route may take
down a map and follow the line
of 'the Pennsylvania road from
New York through Philadelphia,
Pittsburg and I-ort Wayne lo80cents;
Chicago, the Chicago ami North
western to Omaha and the Union
ami M-nua. i-acinc 10 ml nan-
i . . .. i i i. -1 j . ' . i i
csco. this is convenient lor
those who break down on the
way and want to finish by train
or lie.
As each day advances President
Wooilrnw Wilson demonstrates
--------- - - - ' - -
more thoroughly to the people of
these Unite! Slates that they
iiiiide no mishike in eleelinir b i m I
- - - - - - - .......
to the highest position in their
ift. He shows himself in every
imnorlant act. thai he is a man of
- I
wonderful brains a nresident. I
thai, is careful in his every move
and every movement is in the
interest of the common 'people.
Another thing, President Wilson
is surrounded by a cabinet of men
of the greatest ability lhat it was
possible to obtain, ami the great
est of these is the Hon. W. J.
Bryan, of Nebraska,'" the ablest
secretary of slate that has occu
pied this honorable and most re
sponsible position in many years,
and President Wilson is not the
only public man lhat recognizes
this fact.
The Lincoln Trade Review of
last Saturday, in speaking of the
work of the Plaltsmoulh Com
mercial club, says: "The Platts
mouth Commercial club is meet
ing regularly, and it has a num
ber of live questions that are up
for action. One question that
the club is giving attention lo is
the proposition of inaugurating
a series of sales days each Satur
day. This plan has been put in
effect in a number of towns and
it works very successfully. It
requires the co-operation of the
business interests of the place,
and the Plattsmouth Commercial
club is endeavoring to interest all
the business men in that city in
getting behind it. One feature
lhat was discussed in connection
with the sales was the securing
of the Burlington band for an
afternoon concert during the day
of the sale."
Auditor Howard and that man,
Brian, are - still at war the
auditor reiusing to issue a war-
rant for his services in the in-
surance department of the audit-
or's olllce. Brian is obnoxious to
the auditor, and the appointive
power should have at least con
sidered Mr. Howard's voice in the
selection of a man who could
have worked with him in peace
and harmony. We don't blame
Auditor Howard in ins actions.
x,UlUl J3 11 "-
lo say tlie least, and in tne winu-
up of Ihc difficulty we hope to
see Auditor Howard come out on
Once more we read the report
of the bureau of labor in regard
lo the high cost of living, which
"Investigations of retail prices
iu forty cities conducted by ex
ports of the bureau of labor show
prices practically at the same
level as last November, when the
high records of the last quarter
century were reached.
"The cost of living on June 15,
was approximately on per cem
higher than the average between
1890 and 1900, more than 2 per
cent higher than it was a year
ago and nearly 15 per cent high
er than it was two years ago.
"Fourteen articles of food were
investigated; every on except
sugar showed a marked advance;
bacon, which led in the soaring,
went up 128.5 per cent.
If it were not for the construe
lion likely to be put on this report
by nianv unthinking people, we
might let the report go without
There is nothing in the report
(h;U wuuM in,Jicak. what
are responsible for the higher
cost of commodities other than
thev are being sold at retail.
One year ago onions grown in
this section could be bought on
the track at 35 cents per bushel;
(r,(Jav .shippei.s are paying 75 and
Potatoes one year ago sold to
hippers for 50 and GO cents per
MMl!,ie. tlM,ay ,iey are paving to
farmers 80 and 90 cents.
We might mention many oilier
ilems, but here are two staple
commodities that speak in terms
easily understood. The high
price of meat is no doubt altribu-
ifil.iA i. i,,.. vriu,. n
iiiuii; iu nil; iililt; lilllti - v i i ' i I
season of misrepresentation and
abuse heaped on tho retailer,
i. rrii ,,,,4 n I linvnnoli in
ll u 11 ill " 11 L ,1 inv'ii'upii 1"-
vest ion as in bis net. profits.
and the service rendered to the
Tinihi's ii,- liim 1 1 ik iiia ifeiim-i f"iin I
'UL'lll.' I 1.1 1 1 1 1 1 I I ' II 11 .1 ' - V 1 1 1
;:,, o ;n.nnriani ,.n
derpaid factor by nearly all the
leading magazines and newspap
ers of the country.
Tin fact that the price is ad
vanced at the retail si ore and re
ported by the bureau of labor,
without any rference to any oilier
factor, is apt to leave an impres
sion that the retailer arbitrarily
fixes a price to suit himself, re
gardless of cost conditions
In justice to the retailers of
this country, can we not have a
report of the cost lo the retailer
and the causes leading up to the
change in food prices in general.
For one week during March,
1U13, a special sale of cannedfWill they go to a cooperativ.
g-oods was advertised extensively
all over the Uniled Slates, at management that they ought lo
which lime canned foods were buy a carload of .hogs? Will
iiiriiMi,! .- lm nulilii'. nf n lnwe rhliev stand to have a committee
price (quality considered) than
at any time in the history of
canned foods.
What the public want to know
font., o o i, 41,. nniico nnit vpm.
in i i 1 1 in ii n L 1 1 i ii I" i. i.i . - 1 - v. . . . i
edv. if there be anv.
Wairps in manv inslances have
risen in the lime quoted by the
bureau of labor from 20 to 80
per cent.
The percentage of profits of is paid by the farmer of Europe?
the retailer has continuously de- While saying this, we hope In
creased and are less on staple American Committee, when it
eominoilities than for many years,
In fact, the ratio of prollt is
l.k... Ilim, r.ii. nritr I fi I n ill I lie
IC.-? IIIUU 1VU Ull iiiuv- ,
writer's experience. John A. congress, and win the co-opera-C.reen,
secretary, National Asso- tion of the government and of the
rinii,,,, nf iiPtaii firnfprx.
.a w p
the currency bill, but whether any
bill will really be passed is more
thjm doublfui owing to the op
position of the bankers lo some of
its features. There is not tho
slishlost hope that the currency
bill will enable the farmer as a
farmer to obtain money, at any
M0wer rale of interest than he
does at present. We are in grave
doubt whether, even if cheape
money were obtained, it would be
of any benefit to -agriculture
three per cent money, or even
four per cent money, to the farm
ers would simply inaugurate
period of land speculation that
would be a serious damage to the
agriculture of the future; lor 1
could not be obtained on any plan
so far proposed except by those
who own the land. The man who
reallv needs help is the tenant
who cannot offer land as security
Wu do not know what the
American Commission will pro
pos'e that will be of practical ben
efit. They will no doubt tell us
what thev have learned 'in foreign
countries: that farmers there se
cure money at lower rates t.iau
here, as compared with the rale?
paid by merchants and manufac
turers. Bui, the question will at
once arise wneiner ine meinour?
i ii 1 1 ii... i .
in vogue there arc practicable in
the United Stale
There are" two methods." One i
borrowing on mortgage on long
time. This is done by these, for
eign farmers loaning their credit
through an association of their
own formation, but. more or 'ess
under government 'supervision
This involves i.i many cases un
limited liability, and in others
limited. Will the land owners of
the west consent to make them
selves liable for the obligation of
their fellow members, even foi
the sake of securing .money at
from one to two per cent lower
rate of interest than tney can si
cure it li'iiin tne nig loan coin-
names, mainlv tlie insurant
companies, tins is me principle
underlying the land banks of Enr
on. ill tne American larinei
iibmit lo tins until tie Has Jo
The second condition of cheap
money lor purely agicuiiuai pur
poses is supervision. The poor
-st . of the poor in Ireland have
organized many credit associa-
lions or co-operative banks. 1 hey
obtain money in small sums at a
bwer rate of interest than Ihi1
merchants in the towns can ob-
lain it. W h. i Lecause this
money can be ordained only lor
productive purposes, not ior pay
ing olT mortgages or old debts.
The borrower must give Ii is n-ote
with two sureties, and every mem
ber of the association lo which he
belongs is individually liable for
the payment of this debt. Then
there is a committee. t see that
he buys wisely; if he wants lo
buy a cow, lo see that he buys the
right kind of a cow, and that he
f'.'Is her properly. He is close
ly, watched by the other member
of the association because - each
of them is liable for the debt.
Would the farmers of the west
submit to anything like tins.'
bank and try to convince the
snooping around to see w het her
they feed Ihese hogs intelligently?
This is a splendid system for the
very poor. These banks are quite
;i sound as anv of the slock
-. . -
banks. They pay their debts and
obligations unite as promptly
Will the American farmer, par
ticularly the corn belt farmer, pay
the price for cheaper money lhat
present s its report in November,
will be able to present a system
lhat will meet the approval of
- . - -
farmers. Wallaces Farmer
I 1
b$ tort
AN cgetaWe Pr eparationlcrAs
similailn ifccRwdaralHcgtia
tmgUic Stomacbs anlDowIsof
'so vf
Jinx H
Promotes DlestionfJie eifur
OpiuauMcrphinc norMiuraL
Jhrrfai Seedm
Atjcrfect Reracdv for Coissllna-
tion ,Sour Storaach.Dlarrhoca
andLoss GT SLEEP.
c :
FacSiiuHa Signaturejof
-The Centauii Compaxt,
Exact Copy of Wrapper.
If prices had gone down, the
republican - j-pellbinders would
have" charged tin slump to the
democratic administration-. Hut
since mat so many tilings - have-
one up" id' price they claim it is
the law of "supply and. demand1'
lhat govern. A year aso thev
were saying that supply and de
mand'1 had nolhing (u do wijh The
ruling of prices.
A total of y,"2-S oil inspections
have beMi made by the con
solidated food, drug. oil and
weights and measures depart
ment under I be supervision of
Clarence E. llarman. This rec-
rd has been made in seven
months and nearly enuals the
ecord made liy previous depart
ments iu a biennial period. Com
missioner llarman thinks the
onsolidalion of the various de
partments was a good step and
thiit it was one 'move toward more
n'eclive slate administration.
:o :
The Musket llidge correspnd-
nt f . lb' Dallon ((leorgia)
(.iazetle writes: "Muskrat Itidge
oted on saloons. A prominent
itizeu i-xpressi'it himself to me
this way: 'if we are going to
tand fr our women folks to
wear shadow and slit skirts, ami
light, form-lilling dresses and
vulgar' hobble -' skirts, ami our
younger women learning to dance
the boll weevil wiggle, Texas
Tom my, Tango, bunny hug-, the
bear dancerl he calf canler, the
kangaroo kick, the buzzard lope,
and so on down the line, the men
folks had just as well -have their
saloons, ' ami the whole push go
to hell together. ' '
1 I
. IE
M- yrr :
IlilartoaoccStJa I
HkxSml- 1
Ch'Jitd Sttjrr . I
!ki7rao libra?
3120 Guaranteed underttie ooIa? ,
531 Free Homesteads of 640 Acres Each.
REGISTRATION Register at Broken Bow, Nebr.Oct. 13th
to 25th, inclusive.
DRAWING The drawing will take place October 28th.
FILING Filings will begin Nov. 17th at Broken Bow, Neb.
for all of that part of the Reserve north
of the center line of McPherson county.
CHARACTER OF LANDS Valuable chiefly for grazing,
ugh many sections have from 40 to
160 acres of valley suitable for crop
MAPS AND PARTICULARS Write me for maps and
Particulars about land, filing, proof etc.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Have
Always Bought
Bears the
or Over
Thirty Year
Tmc cintuh eomnnr, new ronn etrv
Mr. Nryan doesn't feel that
the public has a right lo a detail
ed statement of his expense ac
count. And without further in
vestigation we firmly believe the
secretary is right about it.
There are certain sources
where they find fault with the
special session of congress. It
must be borne in mind that Ihe
democrats promised to before the
deil ion, an early revision of the
tariff, and (hey never let up until
this promise was fulfilled.
An exchange speaks of Ihe
gam' of "gossip' which is having
cpiile a run in some localities in
the east. II is played wilh photo
graphs. They are shuflled out
like cards, eeryone in the party
receiving a photo. It is then Ihe
play to tell every mean thing
about the parly photographed. '
We know of localities in l'lalls
mouth where the game has been
played without photographs.
Colonel Roosevelt has made
the-announcement, upon Ihc eve
of his departure for South
America, that upon his return
home he will lake up the work of
reorganizing the progressive
parly. "We shall enter undaunt
ed as a national parly on another
national campaign,11 he explained
and added lhat he would never be
satisfied until every single prin
ciple enunciated by the progres
sive parly is put into praclical
operation by the nation. Teddy-
will still be found "in the ring,"
and the republicans must all
come his way or he will know the
reason, why and they all know
what that means.
St., Omaha, Neb. Immigration Agent