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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (July 7, 1913)
UAIiiliiS JO! U
Fcrty-four Powers Confer to
Eel Traffic In Drot
TURKEY AMD PERU NOT IN.
Ccmvenlio) at The Hague Eipecto Thai
r Turkey Will Yield at Requeetof 0h-
or Amefitan Antiopium La Likely
Heve Good Cfftct on Conforenca.
Actian Ageinet All Noiue Drug.
With the nirii of taking the taut
b-p tiweaaiiry ti crush out the Inter
luitl'irail traffic In smoking opium, co
faine and other noxious and habit
forming drugs, rcprewiitathes of for
ty four nations gathered at The Hagu
m few day ago to continue the Infer
liiitlonil conference which adjourned
In CiMt capital on J mi. ', VMi. The
liirHiw tit tbe gathering In to ascer
tain whither it sufficient number of
power will Join In ratifying the Inter
ntitloiKil convention looking to thcii
fires! on of the oiiii I ru If !', drafts!
by that, conference, to lntire Its sue-
(liillrl fill N long lieeil HlH of Kit-
rloiia international ronlllct, China and
Great. Itrlliiln having jone to wur on
tfi! subject In 1H-IO, when tin- "opium
war" finally resulted in the cession of
Hongkong t Great I'-rltiiln, The re
cent movement f"r the suppression of
I In tniili' In luililt forming drug In
American In origin. Beginning In l!Ki
a systematic effort to secure IIiIk re
sult ly liilernatloiiiil action, the stale
department succeeded In flic rreiillon
if lh" llilcriiallooa) commission, which
nu t lii Shanghai In 1!CHi nml paved the
way for tlni more official gathering of
delegates nt The 1 1 it tr ' n In December,
Hill. This conference, iifler two
Iniiiil Iim' hard work, agreed iijion the
form of ii :i'i,irii convention, which,
broadly tipcalilug, was calculated to
pill mi end to lnlei'iiiitloiifil dealing In
Twelve Powere In Accord.
There were twelve power pnrty In
fills agreement-America, ('lilllll, tier
tmiiiy, Franco, (ireiit. Britain, llnly, Ja
j hi ii, (he Netherlands, rortiiK'il, JCiih
xln, Slam nml 1 'itkIii.
It was polntitl out tlmt It would lie
useless for these cuuuliics, I lie largest
producer nml users, to agree to radi
cal measure for Hie liileiinilloiiiil con
Irol of luilill iIiiium no limit iih It. wim
oicii to Hie elll.ciiN of HluteH iml rep
reneuleil nt Hie I'lmfi'ieiHe to cinitliiilf
or I like tip tlio production nml trnlllr.
Therefore the coiiI'chm iidjourned on
J ii ii. '.'.'I, nil', with Hie llliiliTHlnnilltik'
thnl. Iim llility four KvermneiilM of
lOiirnpo iiml Aiiierliii whleh lind nut
In rt Id hi t hliould he Invited to Join
III the rillllli'nllon of I he convention. If
thin could lint he ncconiplhdied h.V
Iee, III, 10 1'J, ft tit i tici" conference wim
lo follow nl The llii;ue to provide for
tin rnllllcnllon of the coiiM-nllciii, Tliln
dllte will xuhHoilielitl,V i(mtpnnei until
July I. lul l.
Two Powari Hold Out,
111 the I iKii lit 1 1 no the ii cl'liinelil of
the Nethei'liiiidH mid the fulled 81 ill en
Koveruineul Inivo heeu ennicNlly nd
dreMHluu IheiiinelveN In the lnnk of hh
riirlui: the ..dlieiciice of the outNhhi
Miwei'N with Ktii-li HUceenH Hint hut (wo
-Turkey nml lYni -me now hohlltiK
out. An TurklHh opium of (he hlk'h
I'Ht (.Miule mid liHed iiltocether for in
itlclnnl purpuMCM, It In print lenlly cer
tnln Hint Turkey will ndhero to th.
eonveiillun when It run he Khown Unit
UiIn IndiiHiry would not he Injured hy
the trenty, Peru Ihin Ihtii rehutniit
to Join lieciniNO of the Merloim Ionn that
would remit from the ilextruetlon of
tier preMcnt pmlllahln trndu In cocen,
from which eociilm In extracted,
No donht In rntertnlnM nt tlio ntnt
ifepnrtuiyit of the ultimate Rpprovnl of
the convention, IIiuukIi It U admitted
ttint ni'ine effort limy bo tmido to
nnienil It In certain rr-Nperti, The next
top then will lo for the vitrloim jsot
wnincnlN to tlepiwlt at Tho Uiiku fi
DECALOGUE FOR DANCERS.
Paator Finat 8U Inch Nautral Zona
Batwaan Partnara. i
I UopliB to uteni tho tldo of tlio pop
Olnrlty of tlio "turkry trot" nml othr
miKlern dnneoN, tho Itev. Oeoriro 11.
OillnTt, rwtor of tho MaromiiN Kpli
ooptil cftim'h, Mlddlrtown, Oonn., hut
lnel tho daiuliiR pavilion Ht IjiV
w Turk, Hipuiar renort In that
4rco, ami wilt mud net It hh n model
durtco hull dutiiiK tho numnier,
Undliijf nocloty women from Mlddlo
tpwn r oxiiH'tod to cbaporou the
duneow. rromlnently pouted Hhont tha
hull will lo llnta of ton comnuindmenti
for tho dnncern which Mr. Ollhort lum
lroiamV Amonit them In one which
provide that pnrtneri tnimt dine
with Ht leant nix Inchon of wpHro l
Co-ada Mutt n't Chaw Gum.
(NmhU t tho Vnlvornlty of Chhit
ro Inclined to pout nt it tiew order
which, In off oct. pliu'cN tho Imn on
thowlnif (tini. They don't want tht
miiu ih much, hut many of thoni ro
fiird tho orvler nit an undiui lnfrlnKf
ttiont of pemonnl rlchti. Thero wan r
minor that novornl "Mind pic" whiri
tho rhUle product tuny ho ohtalnod
wero lrdy In operation In ro h1 dor
iiiltorl' Tho order of the hoard of
Kvfmor took tho form of ollmlunt
Iuk sum from arth Icn utild nt tho uni
Trnlty hook atoiv.
Father Stajs at Home
' Ttti furriliy'a at tf- M-r,r to wath tM
An4 ti-i :nt i,t that (.14 oan mml b
pvithlt.g In II, ',ul.
Pm tfjiu lir a-totilr.( i-ry rimmr
hvt k n.r tlt m )ut atl tba
"ir1l4 r "
(I tf.krm, tfuMh, I know K
J n4 ft It 6tiy, t'i
t.t4 fiat aaiarf.
j T7. b'strii ti:i'a dii.";
J Hot thjr allll Tfm-nAT falh-r wt,r thr
hr ti, harlxr tlla.
Tfrdar I pal1 tM Jf:M on Uin (all)
Hl,ll tn,m Ihn y n tlwrn V urAnr roar
iiui, tm, ui way i i-n m'n lay a-tr.au
lag ii il th rah!
(I kn'w (h o run ,n a.iMI'f
Ar,d tn-1 It duply, tf-f!
"I1a anfl your aalary.
T board til:l'a dtiK.")
FOR WOMAN'S CIVIC WORK.
Cangraaaional Saction Starti Mova
mant to Cantraliia Effort.
A moveiiient liHH hwn ht.'ilied In
Wanhlrnfton to ri-orjcKnlic! Um culture
Nloniil NM'tlon of tho woman's welfare
department of tho National Civic fed
eration In order that the work that fallM
upon ninny women In official life thi-re
In fliiiwerlriK appeal for help rimy 1
MiN. WIImoii, the wife of the presi
dent. In to he nuked to heroine the head
of the new organization, and Mr.
Marshall, wife of the vhe pretdilent,
ml other women In olflclal drcleN will
to linked to hold olllce In much the
name order of pieiedeme hh do their
Mm. Clniinp Clark, w ife of the Kpenk
er, N actively hehlud the new project,
and hhe 1h heln aMnInted hy Mm. Wll
Ham A. Cullop, proHldent. of the Wom
an'N National einoratlc leairue; Mm.
JameN It. Mann, wife of the hoimo Ito
fiuhllcan leader, and Mr. Victor Mur
dock, wife of the limine I'roKroNKlve
A meelliiK Ik to he held In the near
future, which Mrs. VIIni U exix-cted
to nllend. Anions thone liiterented In
the plan are Mm. McKenna, wife of
JiiMtlce McK'ennn; Mm. John Sharp
WIIIIiiiiim, Mtn. Oaenr Cnlliiway, Mm.
Ikiiiic Sherwoml, Mm. ChnrloH C. Me.
Chord, MIhm Mary Wilcox, Mm. Uohert
0. Piiko and ollieia,
A dlMlrlct mid other commit leeH to
care for different klmlx of work lire to
be named hooii after the formal oran
Ir.allon In compleled.
AID FOR LAND CULTIVATORS.
Government Offera Eaay Tarma to Real
Hpeclal coiiHlileratlon for farniei s who
nctiiully cultivate land on Koveriimout
reclnuiiithin proJoetN, aa ni;alnNt Mpee
tllatnl'H, lum heen lililiounced iih iiii In
terior dcai'tiiicul policy hy Heerolnry
I, line, In Hue with IhU the Hectetary
ordered n tempnrary reduction to one
third of the amount duo from present
Netllcm on llnnl Imlhllu churno limtnll
inentM, provided no payment kIuiII he
leiM than fa) eiMiN an acre. The un
paid Imlai will he added to the limt
limtallnieiili fur water rlKht apjillca-
ThU action wan taken In recoirnltlon
of the dllllcultles many not Horn on lr-
rlKiited laud have had In nieelluir
(heir ohllKiitlotiN to the Kovenimeiit.
No permm will receive the eoncoMslon
who lum not paid all tho ntnouiitx duo
for operation mid inalntennneo on Dee.
1 next and who lum cultivated lexn
than one half of the Irrlpihle nren of
hlN hind or not Ion than live ncrew for
each full IrrlKiitlon aeiiHon nlnce wnter
wiin flint nviillahlo.
"The man who makcx a farm nnd
lirlRiitea It In tho man I urn lnterented
In irlninrlly. not the land npcnilator,"
unld the Hecrotnry. "On moiiio of our
reclamation InnJoetN wo hnro heen
tnnklnir tnouey for laud npeoulatorH
ratlHT than horneN for farmerH. The
man who IrrtKiiteN hU land ahould
hnro tho ontdt tornm from the kov
orimiiint, heciuiNO ho In tho one who
la (rtvltiK tho pnhllo th heneflt of that
PEARY TO ASK CONGRESS.
Wanta Permieeion to Aeoept Decora
tion of Legion of Honor,
Hoar Admiral llohcrt K. lVary, tho
dlMCoverer of tho north polo, who, with
Mm. Peary, recontly returned to thla
country from Ktmio, will auk t-on-irrona
for prrmlNNlon to wear tho mnall
rHl lmtton which U the dwwotlon of
fraud otttcer of tho ljtlon of Honor
conferred upon htm by France. It In
contrary to the law for any oftloer of
our Koverntnent to aiTept any title,
decoration or preMont from a foreign
atuto without auoh otitiHent, and an
when the honor waa confeiTeil upon
him Peary placed the din-oration In tho
cuatody of the American ambassador
In Paris pendliui developments.
Admiral Penry a trip nhrond waa
made In the capacity of delecate. He
represented this country at tho luter
nntloual treoKrnphlcnl concresa nnd the
Internailonnl polar ooii(rei!i at Homo.
He alno traveled a little In Keypt and
Hobart Estate 1 1,465.962.74.
Attorneys (JiIkkn uiul lluitllnir have
prosenteit an Intermediate mvount of
the pemonnl estate of (Jarret A. H
hnrt, the late vhv president. In the sur
rogate's court at Pntemon. N. J. The
account n. accepted nnd Hied shows
the estate to bo worth J1.4i'KVtV.2.74.
Many Incidents, Touching and
Amusing, at Gettysburg
KNKUAL IMMKh K. f-H.KI.KS,
Mrvt nearly iiliitty-thre yearn
old anil the only DurvlVliiKcorp
I Mimrnamler of either aide who
j parti Jpatl In the battle, waa one of
jthe most pl'-tures'iue tgnrt-n at the
j Gettyaburg celehration. Ills quarters
were In a bin tent on tbe grounds of
jthe lUgn House and only a few
! a ore yards aeparatexl him from the
I spot where he lost his lei; half a cen-
I Inrv nifi
- j n -
Iilre:tljr In front of the Hogera House
Kl' klea a venae turns from the trn-
I RilUburK road and leads off toward
Iievll'a den, at the foot of Little Hound
Ttip- In a little triangle at tbe. June
1 tion stand some polished but antlipjat
', oil cannon, the efflify of a federal bat
I tery belonjrlriK to t.'arr'a brlK'ide, w hich
Jthe Confederates fryik and then relln
j qulsheiJ. Cari'a brigade waa a part of
the rorpa which General Hh kles eoni
manded. The line of the rorpH bent almost
In front of the house In what is now
known na the Woody AiikIo. Here on
July 2, Wl'l, the men, who In VM met
I and fraternized on the lawn, the porch
1 and In the old farmhouse, foucht like
Chaplain Joe Twltchell, who accom
jpanliil the genera!, relntwl uiraln and
j aKiiln how that fame old soldier lost
I his lee.
"It was after the fipht hml bi-en p
I Inn on about half an hour," said Chap-
In I n Twlbhell. "Hint the general was
j Struck by a shot below the knee. It
ifiiine from so squarely In front (hat It
i didn't touch hli horse, but it tore bis
leir all to flinders.
"I met mi aid, Captain Mcl'.lalr, nnd
: his home wait so cxhausti-d with the
day's work that he laid hl.i bead rljrht
down on tbe ground the moment the
captain stopped him.
I " 'The K"iieral Is shot ! he cried lo me.
" 'Where Im be?' I asked.
I " 'In the ambulance.'
I "I went to the ambulance, mid there
, he lay. The floor of It was flowing
' with blood, and the slih-H of It were
all splashed with blood. They took
him lo tho corps hospital at Hoik
( rreek, n mi there his leg wiih amputat
ed by Siirgiiin Sims. As he lay on the
i jl no operating table I administered
the anai'Kthetle, He said a pretty
I good thing at (hat time, I thouuht, for
he thought he was going to die. He
I an Id:
i "'In n war like this one mini's life
la of small account.'
I "He thought he wiih making n fine
dying speech," chuckled the chaplain,
' "but he didn't, die nTter ull.
j "As we weren't sure then that the
Confederate wouldn't be swarming
over our ipmrtem the next day, they
carried him on a stretcher to the near
est railroad after the operation nnd
- shipped him to Washington. And the
day after he arrived there Mr. Lincoln
went to see him.
General Silkies' great infirmity
brought, many a tear to the eyes of all
who saw It 1 1 1 1 . It was plain that he
was In almost constant pain, hut with
Krlm determination he Insisted on re
ceiving his old soldiers ns well as
those of other commands. During tho
day his lent was constantly filled with
Once n stranger, with 111 timed solici
tude, was heartless enough to ask the
jreueral whether he wasn't afraid of
dying on the field where he was
wounded fifty years ago.
; "Mr," eamo promptly from the little
withered man, "T know of no place on
God's ifroen footntool where a man,
a soldier and u gentleman had rather
die. The leg I lost la In the grave, and
the foot I have Is In a similar fix."
After Fifty Yeri.
Two (3. A. It. men of Pennsylvania
met on the first day at Gettysburg, and
after recounting various war time ex-H-riencea
each recognliied In the other
fellow prisoner at Andersonvllle. They
had lived In Pennsylvania within a
few miles of each other during most of
the Intervening half century.
They were Sergeuut H. H. Anthony,
formerly of the Fifth Pennsylvania
volunteer Infantry, nud Kergehnt Her
man J. Hamhleton, formerly of the
Fourth Pennsylvania cavalry. Ser
geant Anthony Uvea at Col lings wood.
Pa., and Herginut Hamhleton Is from
Hoth had bien at Andersonvllle pris
on nnd recalled the same Cxperlonetn
of the killing of prisoners too near tho
dead line by (he guards on the stock
ade walls and the methods of avoiding
starvation employed hy the Imprison
ed meu of the north.
Sergeant Anthony weighed eighty-six
pounds when ho left the prison. He
was five feet eight luches tall. When he
entered he weighed Htt pounds. He
claims to have been the lightest man
ever discharged from the prison who
survived the ordeal.
A Unique Banner,
One of the many unhUe banners seen
nt the reunion was that which" Hew be
fore the headnnarters of the Mantissas
picket post, 1. A. H.. and Kwell camp.
C. V. The banner, which U comnietn
orntlve of the peace Jubilee on Hie bat
tie Held of Hull Huu In July, 11111. flt
which celebration president Taft de
livered the principal address, displayed
ULUE AIID GliAY i
General Daniel L Sickles, Only
Surviving Corps Commander,
a Picturesque Figure.
I the Confederate flag on ore side and
I the stars and stripe on the other.
! 'In addition there appear tbe Insirip
I tlons, "Let l a Have Peace ;rant,"
and "Duty la the fiubllinest Word In
j Any Language Lee." 'A apeHal guard
of honor, composed of veteran from
both sides, cared for tbe flag.
Oldest Survivor of War.
Major Daniel C. Hoggs of Plttsbnrgh,
nlnety-alx year old and believed to be
tbe oldest survivor of the civil war,
waa among thone w ho came to Gettys
burg to celebrate the semicentennial
of the battle.
Major Hoggs did not participate in
thy battle, but he bears an honorable
record of service In the war and be
longs to ,h family of pioneers and
soldiers w hich Is-gan In colonial times.
His father waa one of the first to set
tle In Pittsburgh, and his grandfather
fought In tbe Itevolutlonary war.
Although now close to the century
mark, the major showed himself to be
livelier than many of the veterans
present at the celebration a score of
years his Junior. He could rend with
out glasses and recalled the names of
many old oon.rades whom he bad not
seen for years.
Slept In Same Room.
General F. M. Huston of Hoston
came to tbe celebration a day early in
order that be might sleep In the same
room In the Kngle hoted in which he
slept on June HO, ISC'!, the night before
the battle opened. Finding It occupied,
he nlmost wept, at the prospect of
having his dearest hope defeated.
Fifty years ago lie was sent to the
town for snppllcs and, being unable to
get them that night, went to the hotel
anil spent the night. The room had
been engaged months before the cele
bration, but one of the men occupy
ing It, hearing of General Huston's re
quest, volunteered to double up with
another mnn and let the veteran have
his wish. So the general was not dis
appointed after all.
Died Where He Fought.
The first man lo die nt the celebra
tion died near the spot where he
fought fifty years before. He survived
that battle, where thousands fell, only
to find his fate on the same field half a
The man was Augustus D. Brown of
Kimball post, Livermore Falls, Me.
His dentil was caused by heart, dis
ease superinduced by the heat.
Key's Grandson at Celebration.
The grandson of the man who wrote
the "Star Spangled Banner" was oue
of those who attended the celebration.
It had looked for a time as if ho
would not be there unless he walked
tbe seventy-live miles between Iikes
ville. Md where the state home for
Confederate veterans is situated, and
Gettysburg. But Just ns hi; was about
to start friends came to his assistance,
nnd John Frauds Key, (lie eighty-two-yen
r old descendant of Francis Scott
Key, the poet, got his railroad fare
and a sung sum besides. If be hadn't
got it, lieing a "tight smart man" for
nil his years, as one of his friends re
marked, "he'd V come anyway."
Joe Trax's Cannon.
. Joe Trax of Newcastle, Pa., brought
a cnniion with hfm to the celebration
the like of which Is seldom seen. As
Trax himself unld, be wouldn't trade It
for one of the modern artillery guns In
the regular camp even if something
were given to boot. When asked why,
he explained that It was composed of
melted brass buttons from Federal and
Confederate uniforms, field aitoons, a
key from Ford's theater, Washington,
where Lincoln waa assassinated; twenty-five
pounds of regulation allvcr
watchcases nnd -be couldn't remember
Jnat what else was dropped Into the
melting pot. "Junk, but historic Junk."
he laconically assorted.
' Trax Nvas a trooper In Company B.
West Virginia cavalry. He waa wound
ed tit Lynchburg, and to top his story
concerning the composition of the can
non he auld tbe bullet which lodged In
bis right thigh was a part of tbe glis
ADVOCATES WEEDS FOR FOOD.
Medical Man Declare It Would Reduce
Coet of Living.
One means of solving the question
of the high itMst of living was offered
by Dr. A. W. Miller of Philadelphia
at the thirty-sixth annual convention
of the Pennsylvania Pharmaceutical
association In Fast Stroudsburg, Fn.
Ilia plan Is a greater renllzatlon of
the food possibilities of various com
mon plants now regarded as little more
thnn weeds, but which are cheap,
highly nutritious mid delicious. He de
clared that the I'nltcd States Is behind
many foreign countries In this re
spect, saying that our humble dande
lion Is extensively cultivated In por
tions of France for food.
Prohibitive Opium Tax Pane Home.
A prohibitive tax of $.00 a pound on
the manufacture of opium was provid
ed for in the Harrison bill, which pass
ed the house recently. The bill pro
hibits the Importation of the drug ex
cept for medical purposes.
of the News
Right Off the Reel
Gn'e plans to prevent the emigra
tion of male Greeks under forty.
The governor of Maasachusettt has
appointed a romrLiasion to study
An fllino'm farmer made more money
fathering cbirx-h bugs for the bounty i
nf J.' a bushel than he did from his
That hundreds of horses have been
dellU-rntely blinded to make them do
cile is chargi-d by agents of the Anti
Cruelty society of Chicago.
The frigate Wabash, famous in the
civil war, recently nold to Junk dealers
ir 3,000, was burned in Eastport,
Me., to get out tbe metal In her.
A concern advertised a method of
Increasing the height and was hauled
up by the poNtofHce authorities. A
majority of the victims were found to
WILL IRWIN ADMITS HE
Magazine Writer Tells of Achievement
While Visiting Former Outlaw.
Will H. Irwin, magnzine writer, is
preparing to write the biography of
Al J. Jennings, former Oklahoma out
law nnd bank robber, released from
the federal penitentiary by President
Hoosevelt nnd more recently a candi
date for prosecuting attorney of Ok
Irwin recently spent several days in
Oklahoma City with Jenning. Dur
ing his stay be confessed to tin Achieve
ment which will give him a place in
the history of etymology along with
Colonel Hoosevelt and other word and
phrase coiners. He admitted invent
ing the term "highbrow."
P.efore "highbrow" arrived there was
an aching void. "Snob" didn't quite
cover it. "Academic" failed. Noth
ing could quite express the delicate
shade of meaning till "highbrow"
"Highbrow" first peeked its wny
into the consciousness of tho reading
public one bright morning from a col
umn of the New York Sun. "High
brow" referred to a meeting the night
before of the Society For the Better
ment of Drama. Irwin was a reporter
on the Sun. und persistently he forced
"highbrow" to the front time after
time until others' vocabularies began
to absorb the term. Then "highbrow"
was made. Irwin says the dictionary
makers will recognl.e It in their next
HISTORIC PAPERS SAVED.
Declaration of Independence May Be
Stored In Vacuum Tube.
The original copy of the Declaration
iif Independence, with its ink fading
md the paper slowly crumbling to
pieces in the archives of tho state de
partment In Washington, nnd other pre
vious documents may be preserved
through a discovery by Professor Na
thnn A. Cobb of the department of ag
riculture. While experimenting with the big
vncuum tubes In which the department
was storing samples of the various
grades of cotton Professor Cobb kept
I newspaper sealed In a cotton tube
for nearly a year. The paper has been
fonnd to be In a perfect state of pres
ervation, although suspended In the
innllght much of tbe time.
"I Intend to nhow this to Secretary
Bryan," said Professor Cobb. "Pre
cious documents could be placed on
public view with no danger of light
iffeoting them. If this paper shows
no change after a year why would It
not keep In the same condition for,
LOOO years or more?"
TO SEGREGATE "STUPIDS."
New Jereey Phyeieian Declare They
; Recruit Criminal Claee.
Addressing a convention of alienists
In Chicago recently. Dr. Henry IL
Goddard of Vlneland, N. J., declared
that alow and wenkmlnded children
should lie segregated and receive a ane
dal education. He asserted that the
average stupid child recruits the crimi
nal class when he Is brought op
among normal children, whose educa
tion leaves blm still Ignorant.
"Often the stupid child is the fa
vored and lotted one of the family,
and many parents do not or will not
recognize that a child of theirs Is men
tally deficient," asserted Dr. Goddard.
'The child thus becomes spoiled nnd
becomes a dangerous factor In society.
"Twenty-five per cent of the criminal
class belong to the mentally backward;
BO per cent of the prostitute class and
70 per cent of the persons In reform
Institutions are mentally deficient stu
pid." Will Fill the Gatun Lake.
It has been doolded by the Panama
canal officials to close the spillway
gates at Gatun lake early this month,
after which the lake will be allowed to
fill continuously. The lake stage on
Juno 2'2 was forty-eight nnd one-hnlf
feet, and the innximutu level, about
eighty-five feet, will probably be at
tained by Pecctuber.
OF LIBERTY BELL
Old Utters Just Found M
Origin of Inscription
HISTORIANS LONG BAFFLED
Curator of Independence Hall, Phila
delphia, Diecovers Corrcapondence of
laaac Moria, Superintendent of Stat.
house In 1751, Which Explains How
Be'l Cam to Carry Famous Word.
The great mystery of the Liberty bell,
the manner In which the famous in
scription. "Proclaim liberty Through
out All the Land Unto Al! the Inhabit
ants Thereof," eame to be cast In tbe
bell, and the reason for It, which has
baffled the historian for half a cen
tury, has at last been solved. .With
the finding a few days ago of letters
written by Isaac Morris, who waa su
perintendent of the old sUtebouse in
ITiilndelphia when the bell was order
ed In 1751, Wilfred Jordan, curator
of Independence- hall in that city, has
been able to supply the long sought
According to the papers which have
disclosed the secret, the Inscription
was placed on the bell in England
when it was made In 1751. The ob
ject was to dedicate the bell as a
memorial on the fiftieth anniversary
j of the granting of the charter to tho
city of Philadelphia by William Penn.
Tbe words were suggested by Morris,
who was a profound Biblical student
and they were taken from the tuth
verse of the twenty-fifth chapter of
j How Bell Was Planned.
' This intelligence is contained in let
ters addressed to members of the as
sembly by Morris when the plans for
the bell were under consideration. It
had been planned to celebrate the an
niversary of the city's semicentennial,
nnd as the small bell used In the state
house had proved insufficient it was
suggested that a mammoth memorial
bell be made to replace it which would
be the largest in British America.
I The bell is a copy of the famous
' "Big Ben," the largest of the bells In
Westminster nbbey, London. The firm
which cast the bell In London was
that of Thomas Lester, which is still in
One of the letters written by Morris
states that when the bell was recast In
this country to Improve the sound Pass
and Stow, the mechanics, made a bet
ter job of the inscription than the
mnkers in London, tbe letters buing
more legible and more artistic.
Tbe recasting of the bell was made
necessary liecuuse of a crack which oc
curred within a year nfter its arrival
in this country. The two colonists who
were given the Job of recasting It add
ed one and one-half ounces of copper
to every pound of the bell metal, which,
they believed, would not only make
the bell tougher, but add to its sound.
Tbe result, however, was to give the
bell so m u filed n tone ns to render it
unfit for use, and the two men who re
cast it were subjected to so much ridi
cule that they begged for permission to
do the job over.
Cracked at Marshall Funeral.
I This was granted, and nfter the cop
per bad been reduced to a lesser pro
portion the bell was replaced In tbe
tower, finer thnt ever, where it hung
until thirty-six years after It hnd been,
cracked the second time. This lust
, break, which Is the one which Is now
seen In the bell, occurred at the funeral
of Chief Justice John Marshall on
j July 4, 1835, and not on July 4, 177,
; "when the Declaration of Independence
I was proclaimed. -I
One of the letters written by Morris,
dated March 10, 1753, after the bell had
broken the first time, is in part as fol
lows: "It was cracked by the stroke of tbe
clapper, without any other violence, as
. it waa hung up to try the sound.
, Though this was not very agreeable to
us, we concluded to send It back to
London by Captain Budden, but he
could not take it aboard, upon which
two Ingenious workmen undertook to
cast It here. I am just now Informed
that they have this dny opened the
mold and have got a good bell, "which
I confess, pleases me very much that
we should first venture upon and suc
ceed In the greatest bell cast, for aught
I know, in Kngland and America. Tbe
mold was finished in a very masterly
manner, and the letters, I am told, are
better than on the old one."
AMERICA AND U. S. TO WED.
Wealthy Widow to Marry U. 8. Grant,
8on of General.
Mrs. America C. Will, widow of a
wealthy druggist of Marshalltown, la.,
whose engagement to U. 8. Grant of
San Diego, Cal., Is announced, returned
only recently from a trip around tbe
world. She comes of an old Virginia
family and hns been married twice.
U. S. Grant is a son of General
Grant His first wife was Miss Chaf
fee, daughter of a Denver millionaire.
With "U. S." and "America" Joined,
their friends say there should lie much
patriotism In the family.
Mummy Dealer Jailed For Fraud.
A mummy dealer wns recently Jailed
In Cairo, Egypt, because he sold an
American tourist a bundle of calf bones,
saying they were the remnlns of a
prince of the third dynasty.
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