The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current, June 30, 1913, Image 6
WEATHER MADE TO YOUR ORDER German Inventor Can Cause or Prevent Rain, TO VISIT UNITED STATES. Richard Rodrian of Berlin Anxious to Demonstrate to Government That His Theories Are Correct Laughed at In Germany, He Says, He Will Seek Vindication Here. Richard Kodriiiii, Berlin's "weather maker," Is coming to America this summer, hoping to Interest the Unit ed States agricultural department In his theory of weather control, accord ing to recent dispatches from Germa ny. The electro-technician, who evolv ed the theory that weather changes are caused by electrical activity, which can be controlled by the use of elec trical Instruments, has been unable because of lack of funds to construct powerful Instruments. However, be declares that he was responsible for the pleasant weather In eastern and southern Germany this year on Whit monday and Ascension day In the face of official predictions of rain. Theory In Electrioity. "I am convinced," said Ilerr Kodrlan recently, "that not only storms and tornadoes, but floods and earthquakes, are caused by electrical chances In the air. Often floods are much greater than the amount of water that has fallen. The earth is probably Inter laced with canals of gas, which, when the pressure changes, expand, forcing the underground water to the surface. This pressure also produces earth quakes. In all the disturbances In Europe since I began my Investiga tions the weather map Invariably Indi cated the coming catastrophe. I shall study tho American charts and shall prove that the same Is the case there." "These catastrophes could be avoid ed without a great outlay of capital. America has the duty of guarding the I'anama canal from earthquakes and of saving largo regions devastated by floods. I am trying to Interest the gov ernment because tho power of chang ing tho weather also means power to cause any desired weather, and unless this power Is In the hands of a great International alliance catastrophes of fl terrible nature might be produced. I was once approached by some Ameri can who wished me to blight the Anierlcan cotton crop after they had laid in n big stock of cotton. I was also asked to cause an earthquake In France, but I am Interested in the as sistance and not In the destruction of humanity." t Seeks to Be Vindicated. Ilerr Kodrlan Is coining to America with sulllclent funds to conduct experi ments, lie says he Is seeking vindica tion and not a fortune. Ho has been ridiculed for years by the Berlin news papers, and, while given a hearing by scientists, he feels that the lack of a university degree has prevented fair trials from being made. Ho says he made a contract with ono German utate to stave off freezing weather an outlre winter and failed to do so on only one day. lie had the financial backing of a friend and got a small sum from the Hotel Keepers' association, which was Interested in his efforts to bring good weather on holidays, REPAID A THOUSANDFOLD. Benefactor ol Lad Seeking Education Bequeathed a Million. Dr. K. S. Illgley or Wellstou, O., has Just been repaid $1,000,000 for the loan In the early eighties of $700 to Charles Froelich, a struggling farmer lad, to complete his education as a mining engineer. Soon after Froelich went to Australia and was not heard from for several years. Fight years ago Froelich, grown be yond tho physician's recognition, walk ed into Pr. Hlgley's olllce and paid the $700, with compound Interest He had been successful In Australia and South Africa and was wealthy. After a few weeks Froelich returned in AiiKtrntia. NciihliiL' wan hnnnt frnm him until recenny, when a lawyer arrived from Melbourne, Australia, and notified Dr. Illgley that Froelich had died without relatives and had left his entire estate, valued at $1,000,000, to his benefactor Dr. Illgley Is seventy years old. TO READ DEAD MAN'S BRAIN. Soientista Seoretly Test Theory of De funct Harvard Professor. Scientists In the Harvard medical school are trying to read the brain of the lato Dr. Maurice IIowo Richard' son, ex-member of the faculty of that Institution. The examinations are be ing conducted secretly In the n euro pathological department and under the direction of Dr. 10. E. Southard. Dr. Richardson was a firm believer that thoughts made definite lines In the brain, and tho present examlna tlon Is being conducted In accordance with his wishes as expressed In his will. lie believed that a person's thoughts were recorded and were at the time of thinking visible on tho outer walls of the cerebrum, ne held that If these lines were read and the seat of the thought located It wonld make it possible to correct defects la the bruin by surgical operations. ""ovies" of Hie News Right Off the Reel Crystallized rose leaves and cli'ip wrfunieil witii violets are Chicago's l.ilot in fool A father has the right to spunk his daughter with a shingle even if she be twenty years old and married, a Penn sylvania judge decides. Flftoeu men drawn recently on the circuit court Jr.ry panel in Kansas City were excused tiecause the stork was expected In the home of each one. Couple in Luray, Va., dived under water and came up married. A min ister accompanied them to the bottom of the Luray caverns and tied the knot Melvln Lane, ten years of age, grad uated from the Mahwah (X. J.) public school. Is said to bo the youngest grad uate in the country. Ills general aver age was 09. The University of Pennsylvania mu seum has purchased a magnificent col lection of 302 pieces of ancient opal escent glassware, dug from the tombs of Palestine and Syria. SURGEONS CAN STOP THE HEART FOR TEN MINUTES. Dr. Carrel Says the Interruption la No Longer Dangerous. Tho following very interesting state ments, some of which are considered striking by the leading lights of French medical science, were made recently In raris ty Dr. Alexis Carrel of the Rockefeller Institute For Medical He- search, New York, at his first ofllclal lecture at the Paul Hoaujon hospital. Dr. Carrel announced that he was now able to operate In the chest cav ity with as much ease and safety ns lu tho abdomen. "It Is now a simple cut," ho said, "and wo open the thorax and operate upon tho lungs, heart and aorta as we treat the kidneys and the Intestines. We now know also Just how much the brain, the spinal cord and the heart can stand as regards the temporary anaesthetics required by operations. "The heart suffers very little from Interrupted circulation as long as care Is taken that It has enough oxygen. and It may be stopped for Ave or even ten minutes without danger, while In the spinal marrow the circulation may be stopped as long as twenty minutes. "For tho brain, however, four min utes Is the limit of safety, and after flvo It Is very dlfllcult to restore nor mal conditions." A huge field of work remulned, ho said In conclusion, to be done as re gards operations upon tho human heart, and tho study of these was of the greatest possible Importance. This was especially true ' of surgery for aneurisms and the shrinking of the aorta or pulmonary arteries. The lecture was received with great enthusiasm. FORTUNE IN BABY'S NAMES. But Little One Will Have Six to Lug Around. ' If ho lives until he Is twenty-one years old Charles Durant Hearst El bert Hubbard Sngue Malnes will re ceive $20,000 and the Interest accruing for the next twenty-one years. Tho child, born In Poughkeepsle, N. Y., Is the first son of George G. Malnes, a real estate operator and leader of the Progressive party, who eloped two years ago with Miss Mae Zimmerman of Flint, Mich., a student at tho Glen Uden seminary at Pough keepsle. The youngster will be christened Charles. .At the end of five years the namo Durant will bo added, and he will be given $1,000. Five years later tho name Hearst will bo added, and another $1,000 will be given him. When he Is fifteen the name Elbert will bo added and another $1,000. When ho Is twenty the name Hubbard will be added, and when ho arrives at tho ago of twenty-one the name Saguo will be added, making bis name Charles Durant Hearst Elbert Hub bard Saguo Malnes, and ho will bo giv en $20,000 with accrued Interest FRANKLIN'S WILL RESCUED. Quaint Document Resurrected In the Nick of Tim. All controversies as to the disposi tion of the estate of Benjamin Frank lin have been Bottled by the restora tion of the manuscript of his will by the Historical Society of Pennsylva nia. The document, which was re cently resurrected from a vault under the Philadelphia city hall to verify an office copy, was found to have deterio rated so much that restoration was necessary. Tho testament exudes the personali ty of the great man, from his own de scription of himself to the last quaint bequest Iiis son William, once gov ernor of New Jersey, was cut off with a tract of land In Nova Scotia with tho following explanation: "Tho part played against mo In the late war, which Is of public uotorlety, will account for my leaving him no more of an estate he endeavored to de prive me of." gj m pA tea Survivors of Great Battle j Now Arc but a Few Thousands. FOR mouths the eyes of the coun try have been focused on Get tysburg. North and south, east and west, have vied with each other to do honor in fitting fashion to the veterans of the great battle, fought fifty years ago. who gather there and to those others who for half a century have answered uo eurthly roll call or whose names are Inscribed in the ros ter of those who have passed on in the Intervening years. Seventy thousand grim men In gray and 80.000 equally determined men In blue gathered In the green fields around that then tiny hamlet In south ern Pennsylvania half a century ago to battle for what each believed was right Battle rent banners proclaiming past valor fluttered along their ranks as they hastened toward, each other over the dusty country roads, and can non, saber and bayonet rumbled and Photo by American Press Association. ! HIS CRUTCHES COULDN'T KKKP HIM A WAT. j flashed through the quiet hill passes as the hurrying hosts were arrayed by ' their generals for one of the greatest battles In martial history to us by all odds the greatest Of this vust host a handful, hardly enough to make a division In those mighty days of long ago. 5,000 meu who wore the gray and a scant thou sand of tho veterans of the blue, have been found who are able to revisit tho scene of their former glories. The never halting, remorseless whirligig of time has revolved for the decades of ever broadening amity over historic Gettysburg and over those who par ticipated in the great struggle there, but It has left few to tell at first hand tho heroic Incidents of tho struggle. Of these valiant veterans some are but sixty-five years of age, and the celebrated battle was fought half a century ago! Some are men near the' hundred year mark, for thev were of j middle age when they followed the drumbeat of 18113. Some are bent nearly double with Infirmities, and some have to bo wheeled about in in-' valid chairs. J Show the Old Spirit. ' Hut of them all, whether feeble and faltering with their advanced years or rrlppled and maimed with old time wounds, not one is less stern of eyo or mien or weaker In patriotic purpose than when he marched Into Pennsyl vania that long ago June day to the strains of "Dixie" or "The Star Span gled Ranuer." j They came from all parts of the re-1 public, those stout hearted warriors of fifty years ago. to fight their wonderful , hnttln Hi'vontnun nnrOinrn cli.. ....... - - - - 1 v . ii Duucn t?lOi tho homes of Union men and ten south ern commonwealths the native heatb j of the Confederates. i They of the gray descended from the north In rSG3, although their homes and general supply base were In the' southlaud. One week before Juno 2'2. 18G3 their great commander, Lee. had ordered his Second army corps leader, ' Lieutenant General Richard 8. Ewell to cross tho bonier of the Keystone Stata This ho speedily did with CO. 000 men eager for Invasion, and by the night of June 28, 1803, these troops' had occupied Chambersburg. Carlisle' and York with their advance artillery, pointing their cannon at Harrlsburg from the opposite side of the Susque hanna river. They felt that Pennsyl vania's capital would surrender to them within the coming week and were confident the close of July would find them In possession of Philadel phia. Hut Just as they were reachlrs i. mi m I GETTYSBURG i J rt..V.?Jr.' .,, 1 I liMl5 Sis u V i ; P i-- 15 l"i l-S Hil AT Receiving Mighty Host From Forty-three States a Her culean Task. forth "for these rich prizes they were ordered to withdraw. Iee's Invasion had been interrupted, and the Confed erate commander was forced to turn Fwell's corps right about and hurry it southward toward Gettysburg. Thus inarching he faced his Union foes and Invited battle rather than risk an at tack in Ills rear. Before the Battle. They of the blue the oft defeated but undismayed Army of the Poto mac came up from the south, led by Major General George G. Meade, who Photo b American Press Association A WUAREU OV THE OKAY. had superseded General Joseph Hook er In the command only the day be fore. So It came that on that 2i)tu of June morning fifty years ago the first order of the new Union leader was one urging the swiftest possible pursuit of the Army of Northern Virginia, flushed with its recent successes at Bull Run, Fredericksburg and Chan cellorsvllle and now lu the north in vading a Union state. The Federal troops were eager to do battle for the first time on their own soil. Their progress from their starting points at Harpers Ferry and Frederick was re tarded somewhat, however, because of wary maneuvering uecessary to the keeping of a barrier of bayonets be tween the gray Invading enemy and the Washington capltol dome in tho near distance. It is hard for the man who has never "smelled powder" to realize the pecul iar and tho full significance of this mighty reunion. Can we who have had no share in the terrific battle un derstand the complex feelings of the grizzled veteran who clasps the hand of the very man who raised his saber to deal him a deathblow? Think of linking arms with the particular man who spilled your blood and feeling kind toward tiltn and fraternizing with the one tlmo demon zouave who bayoneted you so you were left wel tering In your gore and thought he had served you quite right! A Historic Rallying Ground. Yet these are the very things that make Gettysburg again the rallying ground of the followers of Meade. Sickles and Hancock and Lee, Long street and Pickett as well as of the other thousands of brave veterans who took no part In the battle there, but gave their meed of blood and service to the cause they loved during four years of bitter strife. Facts and figures are not yet avail able as to the exact number of veter ans taking part In the celebration, but the number Is sure to be well In excess of 40,000 and may even pass the CO, 000 mark. These and the thousands of sightseers make a host far greater even than that of the two mighty ar mies that battled there. And what a difference between the Gettysburg of 1913 and the Gettysburg Cf ISIS! There was no preparation for the ar rival of the blue and the gray fifty years ago. The countryside, soon to reverberate to the boom of cannon, tho shriek of shrapnel, the groans of the wounded and dying anil the hoarse T IT . ,..4 cries or men in near or ?art, my quiet under the summer sun or the silent stars. Only the subdued noises of woii and told preceded the measured tread of the Lusts that soon would clash amid those peaceful surround ings. Men tested or ate us they could, on the bare ground or behind some hastily constructed breastwork. If they rested or ate at all. The grim, black cloud of war hung over the land. The Gettysburg of 1913. What a contrast to this picture the Gettysburg of 1913 presents? For weeks the government and the state of Pennsylvania have left noth ing undone which would make for the comfort and health of their honored guests. Upward of 5,000 tents, each capable of holding twelve men. but destined to hold only eight, were erected and separatecots for each vet eran supplled. Every modern agency was employed by the government to conserve the health of the old soldiers, and extraor dinary care was taken to insure the best medical, sanitary and commissary arrangements. For this purpose all the available surgeons connected with the department of the east were ordered to Gettysburg; two large field hos pitals were equipped and also three in firmaries. Quantities of hospital ma terial were shipped from various gov ernment depots, , and the Red Cross, White Cross and other relief societies sent nurses and surgeons to aid In the work of conserving the health of the tented community. The Camp Arrangement. The camp Itself was laid out under the direction of the regular army. It Is about a mile and a half long by half a mile wide and skirts the actual bat tlefield. Immediately adjoining It a great tent capable of seating nearly C 4 4, .. Lit L' 5y Photo by American Press Association. "OREKTTOa. COMBADK I" 15,000 people, is erected as a gathering ground for the veterans and for the va rious exercises of the celebration. The camp Is laid out by states, In or der to facilitate identification and sim plify such matters as the delivery of mail and the finding of any particular group by visitors or veterans from oth er states. Each veteran on reporting to the officer In charge receives an Identification tag, which he carries dur ing the reunion. This tig will give his name In full, the name of his nearest of kin, his home and street address, height and weight and the name of the veteran organization with which he Is affiliated. The Equipment. The equipment of the sleeping tents for the veterans Includes 41,0-10 cots, 40,000 blankets, 10,000 wash basins, 11.350 candle burning lanterns, 00,000 wax candles and 0,000 galvanized iron drinking water buckets. The total weight of this equipment Is 1,342.007 pounds, and the total value approxi mates $220,000. The hauling of the tentage and equipment together with the baggago of the veterans, is esti mated at $15,000. The kitchen outfits weigh 135,044 pounds, and the weight of rations es timated as necessary Is over 1,000.000 pouuds. Forty thousand mess kits and more were provided by tho govern ment and this means at least 40,000 enameled plates and an equal number of knives, forks, teaspoons and cups. The commissary department as pro vided by Uncle Sam consists of one chief commissary, ten commissary ser geants, four commissary clerks, 1.G00 cooks and cooks' helpers and 130 bak ers. General Sharpe, commissary gen eral of the army, before the celebration figured that the cost of the four days' rations would be $5i.6C3; the wages of cooks, helpers and bakers, $27,030, while the mess kits would add to this total about $10,000. Add to this $534 for one field bakery, $1,084 for 400 army ranges and the railroad fares of the commissary force, and the total cost of the commissary equipment and service amounts to $112,109. The Water Supply. In order to provide an adequate wa ter supply tho government expended at the Gettysburg camp about $44,000. The lighting of tho streets of the tent ed camps cost about $0,000, while the rakes, spades, brooms, garbage cans and other utensils needed In the proper sanitation of the camp adds still an other Item of about $1,500 V'W- vi : V ' : ::? iW' A - '; J Li f. COST OF LIVING PROVED HIGHER Labor Bureau Charts Show a Steep Raise Since 1899. FACTS AND FIGURES GIVEN. Investigation Into Prices of Staple Foods Cover Thirty-nine Large Cities Advance Last Year Averages 3.2 Per Cent Meat Soars Upward, While Eggs Cheapen. Every principal article of food, ex cept sugar, of fifteen staples represent ing approximately two-thirds of the expenditure for food by the average workingman's family, showed a decid- ed increase In retail prices on Feb 15, 1913. compared with the average price for the ten year period of 1890-99, ac cording to the last Investigations of the statisticians of the government bureau of labor, which have Just been made public. Sugar was 4.6 per cent; smok ed bacon was 111.6 per cent higher. Increases in other food articles were: Sirloin steak, rf.8 per cent; round steak, 84.5; rib roast, 2.7; pork chops. 89.4; smoked hams, 09.1; pure lard, 62.3; hens, 06.6; wheat flour, 27.4; corn meal, S8.1; strictly fresh eggs, 56; creamery butter, 63.5; white potatoes, 23.6; fresh mUk, 40.1. The prices were collected In thirty nine important industrial cities In which live one-fifth of the total num ber of people In continental United States. There was an advance of 3.2 per cent over Feb. 15. 1912. in the relative prices weighed according to the aver age consumption of the various arti cles of food In workingmen's families. Retail prices of Feb. 15, 1913, compar ed with those on that date a year ago In some large cities, show: Advance In Meat. Sirloin steak Increase: At Roston, 10.1 per cent; New York, 17.3; Atlanta. 10.fi; Chicago, 13.1: Kansas City, 17.9; New Or leans, 14.8; Denver, 12.1; San Francisco. 23; Seattle. 19.0. Decrease, Dallas, 0.S per cent. Round steak increase: Boston, 7.2 per cent; New York, 17.6; Atlanta. 11.8; Chica go, 19.S; Kansas City, 20.1; Dallas, 6.G; New Orleans, 26.7; Denver, 12.6; San Francisco. 20.9; Seattle 19.9. Rib roast Increase: Boston, 20.8 per cent; New York, 16.6; Atlanta, 10.7; Chica go, 6.5; Kansas City, 11.4; Dallas, 6.8; New Orleans. 6.8; Denver, 13.5; San Francisco, 15.9; Seattle, 27.L Pork chops Increaso: Boston, 22 per cent; New York, 23.9; Atlanta, 10.7; Chica go, 22.0; Kansas City, 23.3; New Orleans, 6; Denver, 20; San Francisco, 114; Seattle. 9.2. Decrease: Dallas, 2.1 per cent Smoked bacon Increase: Boston, 25.5 per cent; New York, 13.5; Atlanta, 19.2; Chicago, 11.6; Kansas City, 6.8; New Or leans, 7.8; Denver. 17.1; San Francisco, 9.8; Seattle. 19.7. Decrease: Dallas. 7.1 per cent Pure lard Increase: Boston, 20.5 per cent; New York, 10.4; Atlanta. 7.7; Chica go, 8.7; Kansas City, 16.3; Dallas, 11.09; New Orleans, 15.5; Denver, 2L3; San Fran cisco, 21.5; Seattle, 17.5. Hens Increase: Boston, 14.2 per cent: New York, 7.6; Chicago, 14; Kansas City, 4.4; New Orleans, 4.7; Denver, 9.8; Seattle, 2.2. Decrease: Atlanta, 19.3 per cent; Dal las, 0.5. Variation on Flour. Wheat flour Increase: Atlanta, 2.8 per cent; Dallas, 2.1; New Orleans, 3.9; San' Francisco, 2.8; Seattle. 4.6. Decrease: Bos ton, 6.76 per cent; New York. 9.9: Chicago. 13; Kansas City, 6; Denver, 6.6. Cornmeal Increase: Boston, 0.1 per cent; Atlanta, 0.6; Chicago, 0.8; Kansas City. 3.5; Dallas, 15; New Orleans, 11.9; San Fran cisco, 5.4; Seattle, 4.8. Decrease: New York, 1 per cent; Denver, 2.6. Strictly fresh eggs Decrease: Boston. 19.9 per cent; New York, 17.5; Atlanta. 19.1; Chicago, 20.6; Kansas City, 18.5; Dal las, 8.8; New Orleans, 5.9; Denver, 7.8; San Francisco, 1.7; Seattle. 5.1. Creamery butter Increase: New York, 9.7 per cent; Atlnntn, 10.7; Chicago, 2.7; Kansas City, liS; New Orleans, 1; Den ver, 4.9: Seattle. 2.7. Decrease: Boston. 9.5 per cent; San Francisco, 3.3. White potatoes Decrensp: Boston, 41 per cent; Atlanta, a.fi; Chicago. 39.1; Kan sas City. rt3.8; Dallas, 20.6; New Orleans, , 22.1; Denver. 40.4: San Francisco. 40.4; ' Seattle. 49.S. Sugar Decrease: Boston, 15 5 per cent; New York, 14.7; Atlanta, 20.2; Chicago. 19.8; Kansas City. 16.6; Dallas. 1S.7: New j Orleans, 15.4; San Francisco, 17.3; Seattle. 13. Z. Milk Increaso: Boston, 10.6 per cent: New York, 10.4; no change at Atlanta, Chicago, Kansas City, Dallas, New Or leans or San Francisco. Decrease: Seat tle. 3.3 per cent INDIANS SEEK FREEDOM. i j Minneaota Chippewas Organize to Gain ! Same Rights ac Whites. The Chippewa Indians of Mlnuesota . have organized to obtain their Inde I pendence. From being mere wards of the federal government they would chango to a self supporting basis, : whereon they would stand on the same footing as their white brethren. ' Already two big conventions have been held this year to discuss their plans, and their capable leaders are confident that they will gain their de sires before long, which is full cltlien ship and freedom from all undue re straint as a separate race. Many Chippewas have adopted mod ern methods of living. They farm their lands with intelligence and dwell In comfortable houses with all the con , venlences. ! Those who a.-e banded together In the present movement say they want to gather all the Indians of the state in ono organization, settle all claims against the government abolish Indian agencies and special schools, promote agriculture and Industry among the tribes and put all of them on an Inde pendent basis, supervised by the state alone.