The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current, May 27, 1909, Image 4

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    The - Plattsmouth - Journal
t Published Seml-Weeklj at Plattsmouth, Nebraska CZZD
R. A. BATES, Publisher.
Entered at the Postoffice at Plattsmouth, Nebraska, as second-class
It wasn't the name that made the fame of
It appears from reports in Lincoln papers that the police
in that city are. having "a time" in making a dry town of it.
The students at the University can buy beer by the case much
easier than they could buy it 'by the glass before the sa
loons went out of business. Prohibition never prohibits in a
city like Lincoln, and there is not a particle of use trying to
make it stick in the capital city.
''Weed Day" has been suggested by C. II. Gillespie of
Madison in a letter to Governor Shallenberger. Mr. Gillespie
states that he is a good roads man, and declares that he thinks
that the state would be much benefitted if a day should be
set aside in July or August for the pulling, cutting or general
destruction of weeds. The suggestion is a good one if the pe
ple will heed the proclamation, if issued by the governor. It
wouldn't hurt to try it one season, anyhow.
Senator Tanner, of the South Omaha Daily Democrat,
gives Edward Howard of the Columbus Telegram the follow
ing deserved rap: "The harangue that Edgar Howard put
up about the recent legislature has proven to be nuts for the
republ.'can press. Howard may be proud of this disreputable
pice of literature, but in doing so he has changed Hie opin
ion of many good men who had always held him in high es
teem in the past."
Hon. "William Jennings 1'rynn will deliver the graduating
address at the commencement exercises of the Plattsmouth
.high school at the Parmele theater on Friday night, May L'8.
This address will be frpe from politics and will be on a sub
ject in the interest and relating to education. There are many
of Mr. I'ryan's friends throughout Cass County who no doubt
will be here to hear the Great Commoner. They will be doubly
repaid for their trouble in ccming many miles to hear Ne
braska's great favorite.
It was the goodness of the crackers
that made the fame of the name
School Teacher's Graft.
Kveryone with an ounce of brain knows that the school
leacher is poorly paid in accordance with those who follow
rtl'.er trades and professions. Some people speak of school
teaching as an outrageous graft. The following from the
Arapahoe Pioneer lets in a little light on the subject as fol
lows: "It is not unusual to hear people, who perhaps have
never taken the trouble to think on the subject, complaining of
'he high wages being paid to teachers. To hear these people
talk one would think a teacher would have no trouble what
ever to become wealthy in a very few years. How different
are the real facts. A teacher in this section is probably em
ployed in the profession of teaching eight months out of the
year at the princely salary of forty dollars per month, hence
she receives for her year's salary $.'5-0. Out of this she pays
10 for board, and at least 50 for clothes, leaving her at the
end of her term $150 for her work. Then she is required to
attend institute and summer school which takes from $75 to
$100 more so then when the next school year begins, she is
in luck if she has enough cash to pay the first month's board.
That such is the condition is not right. Those who have by
study and pcrspverence fitted themselves to be instructors of
cur children should receive pay commensurate with their work
and the dignity of their profession. Only competent teachers
should be employed and such teachers are entitled to a salary
that will at least leave something after the necessary expendi
tures for board and clothes'.
How to Rid Your Lawns of Them.
Extermination of dandelions is the price of a lawn. Every
where over the city the light is being waged by tho tidy housc
holder. It may be interesting to note that killing dandelions
on bluegrass lawns by means of chemical sprays is no longer
an experiment. An agronomist has to say:
As a result of three years' of successful work, the follow
ing facts will prove of great interest to every owner of a blue
grass lawn.
Young dandelion plants are killed by spraying with a
twenty per cent solution of sulphate of iron. Old plants are
badly injured, the foliage being being wholly destroyed, but
the growing bud is not killed and the old root seuds up now
foliage. Applying dry sulphate of iron to the heart (growing
bud) of tho old plant produced death. Repeated spraying of
Middle aged and old plants result as in their death.
To destroy young dandelion plants by spraying, disolve
two pounds of sulphate of iron in a gallon of water, stirring
with a stick to hasten solution, and supply with a hand sprayer
Use a gallon of solution to one square rod plot. If the tits
application is not completely successful, spray a second time
Repented spraying will be rewarded by the eradication of tho
The grass and clover will 1k blackened and appear killed
ut this need not cause no alarm, they are not mortally injure
and in a few days recover and grow with increase! vigor.
The solution ran he made- and snrnved over a souare rod o
grass in less than half an hour. Freshly cut lawn grass leaves
are verv susceptable to niiury bv spraying with sulphate o
iron solutions; therefore do not spray a lawn to kill dande
lions for several days before or after cutting.
Sulphate of iron mav be applied in large quantities (5
Mounds to a square rod) to a lawn without permaiiet:t injury to
Nue grass.
Sold only in
Moisture Proof Packages
The Consumer's Burden.
Yoni the New York World.
In the whole tariff system there is no one duty that more for
cibly proves the iniquity of the present protectionist policy
of taxation than that on sugar. To the American consumer
it almost doubles the price of one of the prime necessities of
ite. It is an "infamous tax," as nyne Mac eagh said, be
cause "it extorts from the laboring man an actual sum
often in excess of the sum the same tax extorts from the richest
multi-millionaire." It taxes poverty in proportion to its needs
and the more poverty pays the more wealth gains unjust exemption.
In the last twelve years, as Senator Clay showed yester
day, for every dollar that the government has collected in
sugar duties the sugar trust lias exacted more than a dollar
in profits from the consumers. The tariff on refined sugar,
which tho consumer uses, is so high as to be prohibitory. In
907 only 219 tons were imported, in 1908 only 430 tons. Uare-
y one-fourth of the sugar consumed in the United States is pro
duced by the cane and sugar beet growers, and the sugar trust
in recent years lias acquired control ot a number ot the best
sugar refineries. The tariff not only insures it absolutely
l if ?i m?i e i'.i'. 1... ..!.,..!
against me possiuiuiy oi coiupeuwun, uui u.v u wiuiui muu-
opoly of the refining industry and by trade agreements it
i i i , ii i i' i'. i'.
ms exungiusneu me uomesuc competition.
Yet the sucrar trust has not been content with the bene
fits conferred upon it by the government nt the expense of
millions of consumers. For years it has derived
the secret benefits nt the expense of the government
from wholesale weighing frauds committed on the decks of its
own refinery. The $2,000,000 refunded to the government rep-
resents probably only a small part oi the proms oi crime.
Senator Clnv did well to insist that it is wrong for the gov
irnmcnt to double the cost of a daily necessity of life like
sugar to the consumer when the same amount ot revenue could
be easily supplied by an income tax. The cost of living is ex
cessively high for the poor. The people of this country are
entitled to relief not only Irom an unreasoname tax nut irom
ilm pvnetinns of a criminal trust.
Merelv as a revenue measure there is no better substitute
fnr urnhihitnrv suirar duties than an income tax. Senator De
pew's objection that New York will pay r..' 1-3 per cent of the
income tnx is a t rival argument. If it should that shows that
ur eent. of the hiir incomes are in New York. They are
1 . . i i ii 1. e .. 1 1 ..,,.1., f
not made here exclusively, mu are unnwi inmi mi nn
tho country.
The ravne-Aldrich bill will be judged by the results ach-
ii.viwl in ..miiiliz'mi? the burdens of taxation. I hey will not
l,i. ..moilm..! if eonirross persists in retaining duties framed
in fi.vr.1 n f tlm snenr trust and defers the adoption of an in
come tax that would compel wealth to bear a fairer share of
the load now borne by poverty.
no doubt about the guilt of the man, it would appear, but he
gets another trial because the indictment is declared defec
tive. We are bound to suppose that something mighty seri
ous had been discovered, and pray what is it? "Warner's of
fense, as set forth, was "against the dignity of the state," and
that because the last "the" was omitted this unfaithful
lawmaker had been improperly convicted! Great is the crim
inal law and its amazing technicalities, and mighty helpful to
rascals.. Nothing better calculated than this case to arouse
popular contempt for the courts could be conceived.
In this connection it is interesting to note that the "ab
surdities of the criminal 'law' " are frankly admitted by Jus
tice Robert Mayes of the Mississippi supreme court. He tells
by way of illustration of a murder case in his state which had
been appealed. The defendant was charged with killing his
man, and the indictment alleged that the victim "did then and
there languish for a period of twenty hours and then died."
The supreme court reversed the case because it was only al
leged that the victim "did then die." If it had been set forth
in the indictment that he "did then and there die," no second
trial would have been required. In another case the man who
drew the indictment alleged that the defendant 'Mid then and
there wilfully and feloniously set fire to nnd burn," a barn.
The supreme court ordered a new trial because the indictment
failed to charge that the burning was "malicious." When Jus
tice Mayes, in his address at a recent meeting of the Mississip
pi Rar association, said that "I condemn in unequivocal terms
a law that makes such decissions necessary nnd makes a farce
Criminal Law Grossly Fails.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Tim nt tout inn of manv readers must have been arrestc
bv the statement in recent news that the two years' penitcn-
tilar sentence of Ferd Warner, formerly a member of the St
houis house of delegates, convicted for bribery, had been re
... . . i i MM !
crscd and remanded by llie .Missouri supreme conn
Spring - Millinery!;
There is
Belter Styles
Better Goods
Better Work
and 25 per cent less than
any other Millinery in this
part of the country.
Call and see