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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (May 31, 1906)
l'LATTS MOUTH, N KlllIASlCA, THl'KSDAY, MAY:il, 11HK5.
JOTTINGS FOR THE JOLLY
Short Paragraphs Prepared and Purloined
For the Readers of the Journal.
I do not kin? of hlrds In spring
Nor tlowers rare uiul n'l ;
Nor purlin rlllo nor Miring cure pll'.fi:
Not these-e have them beat
Tne p'.avcr' ranks advance! Nunier.
Coin" forward, one anil all!
Y,. sprout is lu re'. Now loud and clear
The blueliird pi;H-s "Play hull:"
N liiorr thr sir! roU p her slievt
To work with all hi r s,.ul
She (lot not have to ih that now.
Itemise she has uo s erves to roll.
Drunken men talk like phono
graphs. The almighty dollar is the !?' t0
many a heart.
H'.iilders of most air castles live next
door to the ruof.
One can't always tell a woman's ace
by her store teeth.
Lots of men fall in love with the
figure of an heiress.
Too many people feather their nests
with borrowed plumes.
Do so well today that you need have
no fear of being done tomorrow.
Charity begins at home, but reform
usually makes its debut elsewhere.
Every time some men marry they
get paid for it ministers for example.
"When a woman drives her husband
to drink he doesn't stop at a water
It has been observed that the home
lier a girl is tlie less use she has for a
The man behind the gun is all right
if he doesn't invite you to hold up
But the man who thinks he knows
it all hasn't sense enough to know
hat he doesn't.
Too many so-called progressive peo
ple are always looking for an oppor
tunity to butt in.
One never knows how foolish some
men can act until they suddenly break
into the father class.
Any woman can keep a secret if she
wants to but the trouble is to find a
woman who wants to.
A pessimist always looks as though
he were afraid it would cost him a few
cents to look pleasant.
When a woman talks nothing but
small talk she is almost as bad as the
man who always talks big.
In this day and age the sooner the
bride begins to cook the sooner the
honeymoon will bump the bumps.
It's a good thing for humanity that
when a man is old enough to marry he
is seldom old enough to know better.
A girl makes a life-lasting mistake
by allowing herself to become a"cheap"
girl every body's girl.
Ii Is the easiest thing in the world
to stir up trouble; all you have to do Is
tell the truth on all occasions.
About the only difference just now
between strawberries and pickels is
the price, and that's in favor of pickels.
Even matrimony has its advantages.
A bachelor has to pay to attend lec
tures, but the married man gets his at
It doesn't pay to arg i:e. Congratu
late yourself on being so much more
sensible than the other fellow and let
it go at that.
Isn't it sad that the average man
spends all his life looking for his ideal
woman and then in the meantime
And it sometimes napreos that a
woman Imagines that she hasn't any
faults because people are too polite to
mention them to her.
The Journal would suggest to the
night police that they remain In the
neighborhood of the Coates block and
Riley hotel corner, until after nine
o.clock each evening, and they may
note acts of some boys that will need
These are the days when the old hen
gets in her work of assisting the
radishes to come up, when the house
dog Iteglns a system of excavating in
the flower beds and when the neigh
bor's cow walks leisurely across the
freshly prepared lawn.
The young man who was standing
on the front steps of the I'lattsmouth
State bank Monday night, wants to be
very careful who he whistles at in the
future. The young lady s rather is on
to him and may give him a genteel
cowhldlng if he repeats the act.
This paper like every other enter
prise has its critics: they sit around
and kick and croak and knock and
would like to put the paper out of
business; they remind us of a fellow of
the above class who applied to a
lawyer to know how to break up his
local paper. He was told to buy the
paper and run It for six months. He
was charged Jj for the auviee aiso,
Chancellor Andrews Delivered Interesting
Address on the Higher Education.
HEARD BY 800 PEOPLE
The Salutatory Rendered In a Very Cred
itable Manner by Miss Hartman
Who Received the Four Years
Invocation Kev. .1. K. lloulitalu
Deutsche I.led "lielulMle" Mitsxmann
Salutatory "The Open Poor"
(iertrude I. Iliirttiian.
Piano Solo "EspaKnole" (iodard
Claire. I. li. liookmeyer.
Valedictory "Some Modern litmus"
Frederick (1. Dawson.
yilRrtet "Uock-R-Hye" Neldllnger
Misses Tuey. Mau.y. Dovey, Weldrnan.
Address Chancellor K. Ilenjamln Andrew
Presentation of IHploma.. .llr. C. A. Marshall
Farewell Sonir-"As In I lays of Yore"... Parks
Kuth M. Ilouseworth Kllen C. Windham
Oertrude I. Hartman F. Wade Miner
Zelma It. Tin y Irene .less
Florence It. Italr Mary A. Sharp
Frederick C. Dawson Alice Kerr
Claire F. liookmeyer Helen Dovey
lone Dovey Francis Weidinan
Margaret II. Mauy Athol K. McF.lroy
llanna F. IlerirKren
Mavwell Yy. Adams
Terrace C. IlenniiiKs
Anna M. I.iliershal
David li. White
(ilzella A. I.auvet.
Hose I.. Milium
Minute K. Doerlng
The threatening weather did not
deter many people throughout the
city and county from attending the
twenty-fourth commencement exer
cises of the I'lattsmouth High school,
and by half past 8 o'clock Friday
night eight hundred expectant pa
rents, other relatives and friends of
the graduating class and of the school
had assembled at the I'armele. After
several selections by Frof. Phillips'
orchestra, and before the curtain was
raised the Juniors who were seated in
the balcony broke forth with a class
yell that properly Initiated the seniors
into the exercises of the evening,
and who although taken unawares
promptly gave forth a senior yell from
behind the curtain. With the raising
of the curtain the seniors tiled Into
their places to receive the Invocation
by Rev. J. E. Ilnulgate, after which
they advanced to the front of the
stage and sang their German class
song "Gelubde," to the accompani
ment by Miss lone Dovey.
The salutatory entitled "The Open
Door" delivered in a pleasing manner
by Miss Gertrude D. Hartman was as
Ladiks and Gentle.mkn, Hoard ok
EdVCATION, FACVI.TY AND SlTKIt-
Asa representative of the class of
'0(i, I am here tonight toextend to you
a cordial greeting and to bid you wel
come. It is only our commencement
night and we are still living in the
rainbow world of inexperience, while
the true world has not yet shown us
its darker shades and more inharmon
ious colors, but as the darker hues be
come even more evident and the d is
cordant tones more striking, it is to be
hoped that our natures will not be
come chilled, but that as we see the
need for cordiality, they may become
more helpful and cheery.
"The Open Door" is one of several
phrases which have lately come before
the people, and has become almost a
household term during the last decade
It Is not my purpose to discuss this
from a commercial standpoint, but to
Invite your attention to the "open
door'' of hospitality, the wide swing-
ing door to our hearts and our homes.
Washington Irving, who in boyhood
enjoyed to such a great extent the
hospitality of the old dutch house'
wives, lias detlned it as "a breaking
through of the chills of ceremony and
selfishness and the thawing of every
heart Intoa Mow." Scott, In his ballad
poem, "The Lady of the Lake," has
given us a beautiful illustration of
hospitality. James Fltz-Jamcs, last
In the territory of his enemy, Hhodcrlc
Dhce, Is seeking his way by nightfall
from the highlands. At a su jden turn
of the way, he sees before him a watch
fire and basking In Its raysamoun
tainer, who, learning of Fit.-Jaojes'
plight and knowing the stranger is his
foe, yet says: "Enough: enough, sit
down and share."
A soldier'". Conch, a soldier s fare.
To assail a wearied man were shame.
Aim stranger N holy name;
t.uldance ami rest and food and tire.
In vain he never must require.
A lid the hrave foeman. Mde hy side.
Lay peaceful down, like hrothers tried.
Ami slept until the dawning heam
Purpled the mountain and the stream.
In the late Husso-Japancse war we
find another beautiful example of man
caring for hK foe. The Japanese re
lief, when passing over the deserted
battlefield, cared not only for their
own comrades, hut also for the Kusslan
soldiers who had fallen In battle
against tliein and side by side, in the
open hospitals, friend and foe were
nursed buck to health.
Hut, hospitality Is not exclusively
Scottish nor Is it exclusively Japanese.
It is of every age, and race, and nation.
Even among savage peoples there
exists a hospitality which, though
rough, is sincere and unsullied by the
insincerities of civilization.
The desert Arabs, robbers by trade,
and unrestrained in their depreda
tions, will care for the lost stranger
as a brother. The fact that he Is a
stranger In need of help, secures to
him their assistance and protection
while their guests, even though it be
at the cost of their lives, liut, should
they later, under different circum
stances, meet him again, they would
take his last earthly possession as they
would take that of any other member
of his party.
On the other hand, note the present
day society methods of entertaining
and being entertained. Are they hos
pitality' No, indeed, far from it: Do
we not entertain with the expectation
that the favor will be returned? In
deed we do. And yet wc say that we
are hospitable that we are liberal
We speak of Mrs. So-and-So as being
hospitable, and yet, when some friend
calls or another would ask her aid, she
sends the reply, "Not at home:" the
most uncordlal phrase in the English
language. 1'erhaps, Mistress Society
Is occupied with a novel or mayhaps
she has not yet risen after late retiring.
On her at-home days she greets her
guests with, "How-do-you-do, Miss
Money Hags, Miss Fashion-plate is
pouring tea In the next room." She
may consider her greeting cordial, but
her guest and the world know it is
mere form. It is no more cordial than
the clear good-morning of the mer
chant, who wishes to display his wares
and who sends out his Invitations In
the shape of advertised bargains. So
it is in society-the higher your social
standing the greater bargains are the
invitations to your home and the more
willing are people to grovel to get
them. Like merchants, vlelng with
each other for trade, are the society
women of today who strive to have
more beautiful gowns, more costly
cnlna and more sumptuous luncheons
than the other women of their set,
but who in this strife give us heed to
the greatest essential of all hospital
ity, for with society this element In
the entertainment Is a lost art. And
yet, when we rind a wealthy woman a
society woman, who has often come in
contact with the joys and sorrows of
those about her, do we not find that
her nature broadens and her sympa-
hles deepen just as the rose bud day
by day breathing in the free air about
it and taking strength from the soil
In which it is rooted breaks the stiff
wall which confines it and expands
and broadens and deepens until it is
the full blown rose?
Thus among those who are dally
brought in contact with people of
other classes and other stations, we
find the truest and noblest forms of
hospitality. They see the different
conditions of society and know its
every phase from the comfortable life
of the well-to-do to the humble life of
the lowest class. These are the people
who have the broad outlook upon life
the ones who know what the world
really is. A kindly interest in those
about them is aroused and a great
sympathy with the mass of humanity
Is born in their hearts. From the
doors of these people nostranger would
be turned away, no needy person re
fused aid and no man let pass without
a cordial God-speed. The spirit of
love presides in the homes the love
No where do we find the greeting so
cordial as among America's beloved
middle classes.' The extended hand
accompanies the salute and the smile
the extended hand.
The ring of sincerity Is In the greet
ing which so often scatters the gloom
In another's heart and drives for the
while the look of care from the face.
The lives which seem to vs so very-
narrow are sometimes through hos
pltality the broadest and most beautl
ful. The humble home where the
dear old mother extends to you her
cordial greeting and where each one
Id that household does whatever they
can to entertain you, is the home e
would pattern after.
The children are raised amidst
kindly deeds and the truest principles
of hospitality are Installed in their
characters and although the dear old
lady, with the sweet wrinkled face
and trembling hand exteneded In wel
come may not long greet you, her
Children and children's children will
ever keep an open door and so keep we
tonight. Klessed hospitality.
A piano solo, " INpagnole," w as very
charmingly rendered by Miss Claire 1'.
The valedictory, "Some Modern
Wants," was an original production
by Mr. Frederick G. Dawson, and we
take pleasure in publishing this ad
dress as follows:
Dkm: Fi:ii:in, Tkai iin:s ami Fi:i.
1 am here to say good-bye to our dear
old High school. 1 1 is always painful
and difficult t say good-bye to the
things to which you are accustomed,
even though it bo to reach out for
My twelve years of school life In
riattsinouth have been very happy
ones. 1 entered a little under live
years of age, w hen my first teacher
Miss Wright, used to sooth me when
too restless, by allowing me to sit in
her waste paper basket. Ail my teach
ers have been kind and patient, pati
ence, 1 fear, being most necessary. My
four years In High school have been
especially happy, though the first
term was marred by a pair of squeaky
shoes, that caused me to he followed
wherever I moved by "now you must
sit right down; you are disturbing the
room." i was bashful then.
Although all work In IIIi.ii school
lias been pleasant, It was not until I
entered the room popularly called the
'Lab." that 1 reached the full pleas
ure of study, by beginning the rudi
ments of science. Thanks to whoever
started teaching science in the public
schools. Under the old regime of edu
cation, every pupil, no matter what
his natural parts or choice of occupa
tion, was drilled, and caned through
Latin and Greek, that a few men of
giant Intellect came out of the process
great scholars, did not save the mass
from having what little natural mind
with which they were endowed hope
lessly dulled. If that were the only
education now available, in all prob
ability I should have been pulled or
pushed through the schools, but never,
never would I have worked or wished
to continue my education In college or
university. Hut how different is edu
cation today with elective system
each one may learn what is most
necessary for his chosen line of useful
ness. Then the farmer, instead of
learning agriculture in the broad sense
In which It is now taught, the mer
chant to learn business methods, were
schooled with the lawyer and theolo
gianall alike crammed with dead
languages, fit only to serve as a store
house to give science a vocabulary.
I am not belittling the masterpieces
written in the dead languages. What
would mathemat ics be without Euclid
and Archimides, or literature without
ber Homer and Virgil; but I am will
ing to take the translations, which
learned men have made with so much
pains, arid which cannot be improved.
Of course the clergy, with all their
spare time, can afford to study the ori
ginals, but "If the proper study of
manhood, is man," even they might
be better employed. Now, by study
ing science, the farmer, artisan, etc.,
can get returns in many new fields for
usefulness, and improve each his line
of work. This being a farming state,
the farmer holds first place in our con
sideration. Instead of scratching the
ground wit h a clam shell as In Homeric
Greece, farm Implements are all sclen
title developments the steam plough,
thrasher, cultlvatorand its co-laborers
the traction engine and stacker. This
Is purely mechanical science, as ap
plied to farming. Then there Is
bacteral science, litterally vaccinating
the soil nitrogen, producing bacteria,
able to take the nitrogen from the air,
and to convert It Into nitrogenous
matter needed by the crops, In such
form as they can use it; a clear case of
buncoing nature, and forcing her to
do her ow n fertilizing.
Decidedly the newest improvement
for the farmer is wind-made electri
city, and the day Is near when any
farmer who lias a windmill, can have
electric lights, motors, etc. With a
storage battery of sufficient capacity
to hold a week's supply; a fourteen
foot windmill should produce enough
electricity to light, etc. an average
farm, whether the wind blows all the
time or not, and the whole thing Is
cheap, being only a hl-product of
pumping water. This is the age of hi
products: When the farmer can get
from his old familiar w indmill, lights,
power and even an electric buck hoard,
he will no longer be Isolated.
Now let us briefly look at the Indus
try on which all Industries depend
more or less, the Industry from which
the present division of the phycooio
age takes it name of the "iron age."
The product ion of Iron and steel rep
resents the must modern and titanic,
If not poetic Industry. First, the up
per strut urn of soil is removed, t taking
as an instance1 1 he Lake Superior dis
trict ) by steam shovels, then t lie lock,
ore, etc., like sand by ponderous en
gines and lifts, which lo.nl it Into cars
run on tracts rlnht to the me a mine
being a great hole measured by square
miles, not feet. Then the ore is haul
ed by steam or elect rkity to t lie ships,
where It is unloaded by turning the
cars upside down, or hy self dumping
cars. In unloading these ships, which
are merely great, hollow, steel tanks,
the most spectacular machine comes
Into play. It consists of monstrous
boot-like buckets, which drop into the
hole and swoop up the ore automati
cally, raise it toa conveyer, which car
ries It over the tracks and bumps It on
the stock pile. When wanted for use
a similar contrivance loads little cars
with ore, limestone and coke; a wire
rope automatically pulls these to the
blast furnace: the upper cone opens,
and a charge of coke, ore and Mux, Is
dumped Into the furnace, then the up
per cone closes and the lower one opens
and the mass falls Into the cool upper
part of the furnace, whence It settles
down to gravity, till it becomes noth
ing but cast Iron, slag and various car
bon gases. From here the Iron Is
drawn into great ladles, If Intended
for pigs, carried along and poured into
an endless chain of ingot moulds,
which pass on into water to cool. The
slag is either cist, Into bricks, or run
Into water, which tears It into frag
ments to bo used as sand rabble, etc.
Most of the Iron, still at Its diabolic
heat, Is carried directly to a vessel
called the mixer, where the loads of
several ladles are thoroughly Inter
mixed; the mass then run Intoa lies-
semer converter, where air Is forced
through the mass, changing it In from
fifteen to twenty minutes, Into steel
almost completely decarbonized during
the blow, the temperature reaches the
highest point attainable by simple
combustion (baring the compound
blowpipe supplied with pure oxegen. )
The steel readies f-.uch a degree of
whiteness, that the Hessemer lias been
said to turn its "Infernal mouth heav
enward and hurl the hottest, kind of
dcftlance at the stars, natures labora
tories." After the blow, melted Feroman
ganese is added which takes up any
oxegen the Iron may have possessed
and adds the required amount of car
bon and manganese, the steel Is then
passed out and cast, by machinery, still
at a white heat, the castings lifted
Into soaking pits and out of them by
electricity or water power on to the
mill, where the bloom comes out as
eye beams, T rails, '. bars and L Irons.
To recapitulate, from the first re
moving of the soil, all this wonderful
labor lias teen done by the chained
giants of steam, electricity and water
power, the hand of man has never
touched the work, here and there on
platforms stand men, alert and quiet,
to press a button or pull a lever, while
the tame giants, with almost uncanny
Intelligence do all the work on which
more than on any other one indust ry
the progress of the world depends.
Electricity and chemistry, although
their application are in such common
use, are too obstruse to be more than
touched upon; so I shall leave them
and ask you to glance at electro chem
istry. Calcium carbide is obtained by
a fusion of quicklime (Cal. Hy.) with
ground coke (Carb.), the two simply
combine to form the carbide of com
merce to which water is added to get
Illuminating gas. Corhorundrum is
made the same way, except that sand
(silicon dioxide) is used Instead of
quicklime. Electricity Is used here
merely for Its heat.
In making copper the ore Is treated
as described In the Hessemcr steel
process, being called the Hessemcr
Copper process only Instead of being
cast Into blooms, it is cast Into huge
plates about H indies thick and w eigh
Ing from 2o0 to 300 pounds. They arc
lowered into great vats of dilute kuI
phurlc acid. They are the positive or
anode of the couple a thin sheet about
about 1-40 of an Inch Is made the neg
ative or cathode. The sheets arc sep
arated less than one Inch, and an
electric current at from twenty to
thirty amphcres per square foot is
turned in for twenty-four hours, when
marvel of marvels, the copper lias
moved slowly, but surely from the
thick anode to the thin cathode until
the anode Is less than 111 of an liuit
thick, and the cathode 1). The cop.
per Is now of extreme purity; when It
started It was Impure, containing gold,
arsenic, lead and other things, all of
which are now at the bottom of the,
tank. This sludge Is often mure val
uable than the copper, on account of
Its gold, silver ami arsenic. Any other
process than this, the electrolltlc,
would give a poorer quality of copper,
at a higher price, and save none of tho
hi-products; there electricity Is used
for its chemical act ion.
Look at t he manufacture of alumin
um: that new met ;i for which we are
finding so mauv uses. Ships, engines,
and everywhere where a beautiful,
light and noiicarodihle metal is re
quired, not to mention its use as a
pigment. The aluminum compound,
from which they obtain the alumin
ium, Is dissolved In molten lltmiidn
bath, being contained in an immense,
carb. crucible which serves as the
cathode, for anodes you have largo
carbon cylinders. The aluminum
settling to the bottom, protected by
the molten fluoride, passing off the
various gases it contained which com
bine with the carbon. It Is then cast
like Iron, this process called electro
lyses, has reduced the price of alumin
um from !K) a pound to L'7 cents. Here
electricity Is used for both Its chem
ical and heat action.
These are Just a few glimpses at
some modern giants of science, 1 could
talk all night and not tell half Its
wonders. So I will hid good bye to
my teachers, my classmates; also thu
Turners who gave me my physical ei
ucation, and especially farewell to tho
dear old "Lab."
Vale to the class of lone,
of graduates, Missis
Dovey and Weidinan,
beautifully rendered the son "Hock-a-Hye."
Following this the principal address
of the evening was given by Chancellor
V.. I'.enjamin Andrews, of the state
university. He delivered a very prac
tical ond interesting address in tin;
behalf or "Higher Education." The
chancellor first disposed of some,
of the object Ions raised against a uni
versity education, showing thai the
modern university provided the best
facilities for instruction In all branches
of language, science, literature and
art, so that the student attending the)
university may find such a course an
will be best adapted to his aspirations,
and there, thorough preparation, may
he had for all avocations of life. He
declared that the university life was:
conducive to the health and the devel
opment of the physical and moral
nature as well as the intellectual.
The chancellor declared, and sus
tained his assertions by ample argu
ment, that the university training
gave the graduates among many others
three great advantages In life. First.
it increased his capacity for earning
money; second, It gave him high priv
ileges above his fellows not favored
with a university education: third, It
gave him Intellectual power. Thes!
three advantages the chancellor said
arc worth the consideration of every
student and citizen, and should not h
overlooked when the matter of attend
ing the university Is contemplated.
The chancellor plead for the higher
education In the university of our
lands for the purpose of strengthening;
the individual, elevating society and a
permanent advancement if a high
standard in government.
At the close of the address Superin
tendent E. L. House presented Miss
Gertrude Hartman with the four
years' scholarship to any college in
Nebraska. She received this as a re
ward of her faithful study and for the
highest average during the four years'
course in the city schools.
With some very well chosen remarks
Dr. C. A. Marshall then presented tho
diplomas to the graduates, and tho
exercises closed with the singing of
the farewell song, "As in Days of
Yore," by the graduates, and by tho
farewell song to them by the Juniors,
who arc the next year seniors. Tho
exercises last night brought toa suc
cessful conclusion another year of
school, and sends forth another Intel
ligent class to seek fame and reputa
tion In the wide wide world.
Celebrate Seventy Ninth Birthday.
The sons and daughters of Mr. J. C.
Smith, who reside near Nchawka,
gathered at the home and assisted him
In celebrating his seventy-ninth birth
day Sunday. All except two of tho
sons were present to set down and en
Joy the bounteous dinner that had
been prepared for the occasion. Tho
sons present were W. T., of I'latts
mouth; J. L.,of Nehawka, K. 11 , from
near Murray, and Mrs. K. C. KnilTand
Mrs. T. V. Smith, from neir Nehaw-
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