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About The Plattsmouth journal. (Plattsmouth, Nebraska) 1901-current | View Entire Issue (May 5, 1904)
UliiPS II KIDNEY f
Tnnimir sain nnsPT is.imir it
AMERICAN IDEAL OF A FIGHTING SHIP
IS THE ARMORED CRUI5ER CALIFORNIA
t4h - wr ' Yx t
in r r y n mu n v
IIIUUULU ItlflU UUItf I IlltU HI. Hi
- ii V 'rrrmrTi ,JZ iJJj
To Prove what Swaiup-Rcot,
Will Do for YOU, Every Reader of this paper May
Have a Sample Bottle Sent Free by Mail.
Weak and unhealthy kidneys aro responsible for more
sickness anil Muttering than any other disease, therefore, uhen
through neglcet or other causes, kidney .rouble is permitted to
continue, fatal results aro sure to follow.
Your other organs may need attention hut jour kidneys most,
bocuu.se they do most and need attention first.
If you aro siek or "feel badly,' bt'itiu taking Ir. Kilmer's
Btvainp-Koot, the Kreat kidney, liver and bladder remedy, beeause
M soon as your kidneys begin to got better they will help all the
Kher organs to health. A trial will eonviiieo anyone.
The mild and immndiata effect of lr
ICilnwr's Swamp-Koot, the great kidnry
and Madder remedy, is soon realized. It
ttnds the highest for its wonderful cures
I the most distrebing cases. Swamp
Koot will sot your wholo system riyht, and
the best proof of this is a trial.
V S3 Cottaux St., Msi.nor,r. Mas.
Dear Sir: Jan. lhti, 1'04.
"Bar lines I wai In tliri Ami v. I had mum cr
lrMkilney tioubK and within the pan car it ln
cainit an aevora and cmnpiicatt-d tliat I Miitereil
rinhinj and at murh alarmed mjr strriiittU
ad power was fat leaving mo. I law an aiivi-r-titanirnt
of bwamp-Koot and wrote anking for al
vica. I Lagan tho una of tlia mcMicinu and noted a
doeided improvomei t after taking Swamp-Hoot
nlT ahort time.
I continued its uo and am thnnkful to nor that t
am antirety cured and tronc. In order to he very
aura about thia. 1 had a doctor examine ome of
an water to-da; and he pronounced it ull ribt and
in aplnndid condition.
I know thai your Swamp-Root is purely vrteta
l1a and duet riot contain any harmful diugi.
Thanking you for my complete recovery and rec
mineuding Swamp-Root to all auBareia, 1 am,
Very truly yours.
1. C. RICHARDSON."
Yon may have a sample bottle of this
famous kidney remedy, Swamp-Koot, sent
free by mail, postpaid, by which you may
let its virtues for such disorders as kidney,
bladder and uric acid diseases, poor diges
tion, being obliged to pass your water
EDITORIAL NOTICE. If you
have the slightest symptoms of kidney or
bladder trouble, or if there is a trace of it
in your family history, send at once to Dr.
Kilmer & Co., Uinghamton, N. Y., who will
KUtlly send you by mail, immediately, with
out cost to you, a sample lxttle of Swamp
Koot and a book containing many of the
thousands upon thousands of testimonial
letters received from men and women cured.
Ia writing, be sure to say that you read
this generous offer in this paper.
Some men Rise their hair by but
ting la at tho wroiiK time.
ONE DOLLAR WHET.
Western Canada's Wheat Fields Pro
duce It Magnificent Yields Free
Grants of Land to Settlers.
The returns of tho Interior Depart
mont show that the movement of
American farmers northward to Can
ada la each month affecting: larger
areas of tho United States. Time was,
ays the Winnipeg Free Press, when
the Dakotns, Minnesota and Iowa fur
nished the Dominion with the main
bulk of Its American contingent. Last
year, however, forty-four states and
districts wote represented In Jtho of
ficial statement ns to tho former resi
Ijbco of Americans who had homo
tcaded In Canada. Tho Iinkotas still
lead the list, with 4,00(1 entries, Min
nesota being a close second with 3.SS7,
but with the exception of Alabama
and Mississippi and Delaware every
stat in tho Union supplied settlers
mho, in order to secure farms in tho
fertile prairie country of Canada, bo
came citizens of and took the oath o'.
tUeplanco to, the Dominion. Last
year no less than 11.S41 Americans
entered for homestead- lands In Can
ada. From tho Gulf to the Houndary,
and from ocean to ocean, tho trek to
the Dominion goes on. Not only the
wheatgrowers of the central Missis
alppl valley, but tho ranchers of Texas
and New Mexico, and tho cultivators
of the comparatively vlrsln soil of
OUlnbonia, are pouring towards the
productive vacant lands of the Cana
dian Northwest. It Is no tentative
balf-heartcd departure for an alien
country that is manifested In this
exodus; It has become almost a rush
to aocuro possession of land which it
la feared by those imperfectly ac
quainted with the vast area of Can
ada's vacant lnnds, may all be acquir
ed before they arrive. There la no
element c.f speculation or experiment
In the migration. The settlers have
Itilf Information respecting tho soil,
Teatth, the fanning methods, the
Awa, taxation nr.d system of govern
iient of tho country to which they
Ire moving, and tl.ey lvalue that the
opportunities offered In Canada are In
every respect bettor and greater than
those they have enjoyed In tho land
they aro leaving.
Cntindn can well afford to welcomo
cordially every .mcrican farmer com
ing to the iHmin Um. There Is no
question but Unit these Immigrant!
make the most dcsliahlc settlers ob
tainable for the development of the
prairie portion oi the Dominion. Full
Information can be i.td from any au
thorized Caradlan go ernnient ngont
whose address will bo found else
where la this paper.
No rxon wbs ever dUcmtontod with
the world If he did his duty la it.
Ite Great Kidney Remedy,
frequently night and day, smarting or
irritation in passing, brickdust or sediment
in the urine, headache, backache, lame
back, dizziness, sleeplessness, nervousness,
heart disturbance due to bad kidney trou
ble, skin eruptions from bad blood, neural
gia,rheumatism,diabetes, bloating, irritabil
ity, wornout feeling, lack of ambition, loss of
rlesh.sallowcomplcxion.or Hright's disease.
If your water, when allowed to remain
undisturbed in a glass or bottle for twenty
four hours, forms a sediment or settling or
has a cloudy appearance, it is evidence
that your kidneys and bladder Deed imme
Swamp-Koot is the great discovery of
Pr. Kilmer, the eminent kidney and blad
der specialist. Hospitals use it with won
derful success in both slight and severe
cases. Doctors recommend it to their
patients and use it in their own families,
because they recognize in Swamp-Koot the
greatest and most successful remedy.
Swamp-Koot is pleasant to take and is
for sale at drug stores the world over in
bottles of two sizes and two prices fifty
cents and one dollar. Renumber tin
name, Swamfi-Kooi, Dr. Kilmer's
Swainf-Hoot, and the address, Uiitf
hamton, A'. Y., on every bottle.
Tlcase write or fill in thia coupon with your
name and add re and lr. Kilmer 9t Co. will send
mil a I'rce Sample llottle ol Swamp-Koot the
Urcat kidney kemcdy.
St. and No.
City or Town .
Mention this paper.
free to Twenty-five Ladies.
Tho Defiance Starch Co. will give
25 ladles a round trip ticket to the
6L Louis Exposition, to five ladles
In each of the following states: Illi
nois, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and
Missouri who will send in the largest
number of trade marks cut from a ten
cent, 16-ounce package of Defiance
cold water laundry starch. Thli
inoana from your own home, any
where In the above named states.
These trado marks must be mailed to
nnd received by tho Defiance Starch
Co., Omaha, Nebr., before September
1st, 1S04. October and November
will be the best months to visit the
Exposition. Remember that Defiance
Is the only starcn put up 16 oz. (a
full pound) to tho package. You get
ono-third more starch for the same
money than of any other kind, and
Defiance never sticks to the Iron.
The tickets to the Exposition will be
sent by registered mall September
5th. Starch for sale by all dealers.
She Was Kissed.
The bride and groom sat sldo by
side "Dearest," he said, looking up
into her eyes, for he was smnller, so
that he really and truly looked up and
Into her eyes.
"Yes, love," she responded In soft,
frightened niouso tones
"If I hail known that tunnel was
that long I would have klsttod you."
"Didn't you kiss nic?" she asked
with much surprise.
"No," he replied.
"Well, somebody did." Cleveland
Hundreds of dealers say the tstra
quantity and superior quality of De
fiance Starch Is fast taking place of
all other brands. Others say they
cannot sell any other starch.
Some Postal Figures
Tho United Stales employed lO.r.55
men In distributing mall last year.
Tho cost, distributed among 1,400
lines, wai $('?.,:.!) !,000. In 37:1 acci
dents to mall cars eighteen clerks
wore killed and seventy-eight seriously
1 Sensible Housekeeper!
will havo Deflnnco Starch, not alone
, because they g.'t otu-thlnl nioro for
I the same money, hut also because of
I supcrlo- quality.
It may seem Mrango, but a head
strong man never makes much head
way. Economy In Threshing.
A pp-at. d.-iil nf irntlti I wanted by uln
old ! jio Tlnvsliinu Macbir.es. This wusl
nr'O can bo entirely eliminated If you Urt
the new nnd Improved mai lilim nimbi by
NichuU A Shupard t'i., lUtllu Creek, MicU.
Tho man who looks too far ahead
Is apt to mis some good things of tho
Tho right kind of a rtrl doesn't need
leap yoar In her business.
Tho armored cruiser California, the
"American Ideal of a fighting ship,"
as naval officers cull her, was launched
at Shu Franelen April 2X. The olec
trie button which started the vessel
on her wav to the water was touched
by Mrs. Walter S. Martin, daughter
of Henry T. Seott, president of the
Union lion works, and the cruiser was
christened California by Miss Flor
ence May rnrdeo, daughter of Gov.
Pardee. The cruiser California Is sup
Bold Statement of Livingston of Georgia Satisfied Constituents and Won
for Him a Re-election.
Congressman Livingston of Georgia
Is of those who believe that the sal
ary of representatives should bo
raised from $5,000 to $7,500. When In
the legislature of his state he always
advocated Increasing the allowance of
members from $4 to $7 per day. A
hardshell taxpayer took him to task
about the matter during a compalgn
nnd Livingston explained In this frank
fashion: "Yes. I favor tho increase
and I'll tell you why. I can lodge at
the stale capital In a cheap boarding
Gives Park to Vermont State.
Joseph llattell of Middlebury, Vt.,
has bought Ellen mountain, which
rises 4,000 feet above the town of
Warren. Vt., and proposes to convert
it Into a park for tho benefit of the
citizens of the Green mountain state.
The mountain comprises some 4,000
acres and Is largely covered with for
ests and the upper portion with the
original spruce. The Bummlt com
mands a panoramic view that can
hardly be eclipsed In New England.
Mr. Bat toll has interested himself In
the preservation of tho forests of Ver
mont for many years.
MAN NEED NOT SUPPORT NAGGING WIFE
Philadelphia Judge Hands Down Decision Over Which There Is Likely to
Be No End of Discussion.
There Is Judicial warrant lor the
statement that'a nagging wife cannot
compel her husband to support her. A
Philadelphia man, a locomotive engi
neer, was hauled Into court on com
plaint of his spouso on a chargo of
non-support. Defendant admitted leav
ing the woman, but pleaded In excuse
that because of her nagging he
had no peace In his home. This alle
gation he proved, whereupon Judge
Davis said: "A man who has tho care
TO STUDY AMERICAN METHODS.
Prominent German Will Decide If
They Are Worth Copying.
Hugo Von Kupffor, editor of the
Berlin Lokal Anzelger, one of the
largest and most influential newspa
pers In tho German empire, has ar
rived In this country, and will act as
special commissioner for his paper
at the St. Louis fair He was hero at
tho world's Columbian exposition,
which he described for the Lokal An
zleger. Horr Von Kupffor will make a
study of Ameiicnn methods in dealing
with public charities and corrections.
He expects to remain about two
months In this country, visiting differ
ent largo cities and Inquiring Into the
work of state and municipal institu
tions. Definitions of "Pi" and "Pie."
When type that has boon sot up Is
accidentally overturned or mixed the
Jumble and Its results are technically
known ns "pi." Some years ago Joel
Chandler Harris, tho author, was play
ing whist at Warm Springs, Ga with
three ladies. Tho latter had bothered
"Untie nonius" considerably by talk
ing throughout tho game nnd by ask
ing him foolish questions. Finally one
said: "Oh, Mr. Harris! Pleaso tell
me what Is tho real difference between
'p-l' and 'p-l-e'?" Carefully adjusting
his eyeglasses. Mr. Harris slowly re
plied: "Tho latter Is tho foundation
of the wealth of New England and tho
basis of Indigestion. Tho former is
tho ralson d'etre of profanity and tho
since qua non of dialect stories."
Marlborough's Mansion Is Ugly.
Sunderland house, Imdon, resi
dence of tho Duke of Marlborough, has
now been completed and equipped, a
handsome slice of his wife's Vander
bllt millions having gone to cover tho
cost. Now thnt tho scaffolding has
boon removed the duke and duchess
are said to bo much disappointed, hav
ing discovered that the mansion Is an
architectural monstrosity, outdoing In
ugliness even London's unlovely man
sions. Some of their friends have
nicknamed tho place 'iilunderland
Student In H.ird Luck.
Parrett Wendell, tho well known
professor of English at. Harvard,
crossed tho campus tho other day be
hind two Miphomores. "What Is tho
matter villi you?" bo heard the first
sophomore say. "What makes you so
blue?'" "Why." replied tho other, "I
wrote homo last week for money to get
toxt-Utok.t with, nnd hero this morning
my father sends mo, Instead of the
money, the Uxiks themselves. How
In the world Is a follow ever jplng to
get on his feet at this rate?"
..... & j .
posed to embody the latest and best
In vessels of her cla?. Tilers are t j
be five vessels like her. She will cost,
complete $.',(M'0,m)0, her hull nnd ma
chinery costing jn.SOO.oCO of that sum
and her equipment and armament the
remainder. Her principal dimensions
are: Length on load water lino, rn3
feet; extreme breadth, (i'.t'j feet;
mean draught, 21 feet, ami displace
ment, 13.440 tons. She will have twlu
screws and triple-expansion engines
of 23,000 horse power, capable of do-
NO S15 A WEEK MAN
house for $4 a day. In the morning
when I enter the session I am In com
plete Ignorance of what my contem
poraries have been doing and plan
ning ftbout the hotels tho night before
and too Ignorant to take part In af
fairs intelligently. If you want a $15
a week man to go down there for you
under such circumstances, why you'll
simply have to get someone else to
do It. I don't care to." The crowd
of listeners npplattded and Livingston
was returned by an Increased major
ity. WHY ONE MAN LOST
Diagnosis of His Case Was So Ridlcu
Congressman Graff of I'eorla tells
of a constituent who went to Chicago
for medical advice. He was a retired
saloon-keeper, having made quite a
comfortable competence, partly by
selling liquor and party by wise In
vestments of profits. The old gentle
man fancied ho had heart trouble and
visited a physician to learn the truth.
The doctor first got his fee of $25 and
then made an examination. At its
of hundreds of lives In his hands
should bo soothed Instead of annoyed
when he comes home. Peace of mind
Is one of the essentials of careful
workmanship at the throttle, and a
wife, by pestering her husband, may
endanger the lives Intrusted to his
keeping as an engineer." The ac
cused was ordered to pay $5 a week
for the support of his little girl, but
the Judge refused to compel hlra to
provide for his wife.
- - - w wwy
USED SAME PAIR OF SCISSORS
Weil-Known Philadelphia Artist Turned T.VMes on Jesters Who Thought
' ns run
A certain Philadelphia art club has
a custom of creating a great deal of
fun at the expense of new members
to tost their mettle and good fellow
ship. This, as may bo Imagined, is
excellent fun for the assemblage at
largo, but Is often very trying to the
long target of It all. Shorty before the
election of A. U. Frost, tho Illustrator
of farm scenes, It was reported that,
he possessed considerable wealth. At
INDIANS JOIN THE Y. M. C. A.
Earnest Workers Are Spreading the
Movement Among Them.
The Sioux Indian Young Men's
Christian association secretary ha3
boon Fpeaklng at tho associations In
the vicinity of New York lately. He
Is a full-blooded Sioux. His name Is
Ta-sun-ke manl, or Walking Horse. Ho
travels among tho forty-five associa
tions in tho Dakotas. Those associa
tions, ho says, have recently erected
throe new log buildings, making the
number now occupied thirteen. The
Indians built those themselves and
gavo tho money for the hardware,
windows, etc., costing $25 to $50
nploec. In June ho will hold six associ
ation training conferences in as ninny
different Indian reservations, which
will be attended by frcm HH) to 40fl
men. many of them driving several
hundred miles to the conference
Griggs a Lover of Peanuts.
nopresontatlve Griggs of Georgia Is
tho greatest patron of the Amorlcnn
goober In congress. His average con
sumption Is five or six small bags a
day. Hut as the house hns no peanut
counter the Georgian goes for his sup
ply to a vender in tho somite restau
rant. Every morning a page from the
Democratic cloakroom appears with a
handful of nickels and purchases pea
nuts cnoush to last Mr. Crises dur'ng
tho afternoon and till tho meeting of
congress the next nft-rnrion.
Hollander Not Impressed.
William Schurman, editor ,f the
Nleuwo Hottordnnisiiio Cournnt, tho
leading dally pnper In Holland, was
In tho press gallery in the house of
roproseiilnihon at Washington tl'o day
before adjournment. Mr. Ki hurman
watt hod tho house at work for soino
time ntnl then pronounced this opin
ion: They all talk at tho same time
nnd I don't like the looks of those
spittoons." That epitomized tho whole
affair, In tho Judgment of Mr. Schur-
veloplng a maximum speed of twenty
two knots. Her main batttory Is com
posed of four eight-Inch rifles placed
In two armored turrets, one forward
and one aft; fourteen six Inch and
eighteen-lneb rapid fire guns. Tho
secondary battery consists of twelve
three-pounder semiautomatic guns,
four one-pounder automatic, four one
pounder rapid-fire llotehkiss guns, two
thirty-centimeter Catlings, six thirty
centimeter automatic Colts, together
with two three-inch field pieces.
French Name, English Statesman.
Napoleon Is an unusual, If r.ot un
precedented, Christian name to be
borne by the presiding officer of a
nrltish parliumcnt. Hut Napoleon An
tolno Uelcourt, who has just been
elected speaker of the Canadian house
of commons, can address meeting or
court In fluent and excellent English.
Gen. Viljoen Has Written Book.
Gen. Hen J. Viljoen, one of the most
brilliant leaders in the Doer army, has
Joined the grand army of military
novelists, having written a story of ad
venture In south Africa during the
war. It Is said to suggest the bio
graphical In Its vividness of Incident.
FAITH IN DOCTORS
lous That the Ordinary Man Will
conclusion he said gravely: "You
must at once give up the use of liquor
and tobacco, nd above all you must
not smoke cigarettes." The patient
forcefully demanded his $25 back for
the reason that he had never In his
life tasted Intoxicants, never used to
bacco and abominated cigarettes. The
money was retnrned and from that
day to this the ex-saloonkeeper has
looked with unmeasured contempt
upon tho medical fraternity.
Miss Annie Wheeler Is Loved.
Miss Annie Wheeler is almost as
well known as her illustrious father,
Gen. Joseph Wheeler. During the
Spanish-American war she earned the
sobriquet of "Angol of Morcy" in the
fever-stricken army hosrtals, and
stories of her heroism and tenderness
have been told since the white flag
of peaco meant an end to her heroic
service to her country. Miss Wheeler
has spent the entire winter in New
York, whero she has been a promi
nent figure in society. The warmest
friendship exists between Miss Wheel
er and Miss Helen Gould.
the first club dinner after Mr. Frost's
name had been added to the roll the
members were primed to derive
amusement from his debut. "Hello,
Frost," called one when the new mem
ber appeared in the dining room; "I
hear you are doing nothing but cut
ting coupons now." "Yes." answered
tho artist quickly, "and I'm using the
same scissors I used to trim my cuffs
EXCELLED IN MANY LINES.
Englishman Prominent as . Surgeon,
Author and Painter.
Sir Henry Tho.r.pv .:. the eminent
English surgeon, rho died last week
in his 84th year, was. in addition to
his surgery, especially distinguished
for his study in matters of food and
diet, and because he was one of the
earliest and constant advocates of cre
mation. At the snmo time' he was In
sistent on a proper certification of
death, equally Important whether
earth burial or fire burial was to bo
made. Ho wrote many books on sur
glcal and medical subjects, an of
value. Moreover, ho was known with
respect as a painter and had exhibited
In tho lloyal academy and the Paris
salon. He was Interested as well In
astronomy, maintaining an observa
tory of his own. Ho was created bar
onet in 1S9D nnd Is succeeded In that
tit to by his son.
Carry Heavy Insurance Policies
It Is becoming quite common among
wealthy men In tho east to carry
somewhat heavy Occident Insuranco
policies. Adrian Iselin. the N..w v,.ri.
financier, yatchmnn and society mnn.
hns taken out an accident pcy for'
$:ioo,fioo. On leaving fr London re
cently J. Plerpont Morgan carried
about the same financial protection,
nnd (S"orgo Gould took heavy Insur
ance to last while ho made his recent
lo.ooo.mllo tour over bis railroad llnox.
Tho casually companies divide thenu
big risks among them.
Womnn Makes Unique Plea.
Mrs. Claude Watney. a London
woman, has broken nil feminine rec
ords by refusing to pay for a minia
ture because It makes her look too
young. The miniature was done by a
well known nrtlst, who was to receive
$2.ooo for tho work. Put Mni. Wat
ney declares that tho artist made her
look like sweet M and therefore redlc
tiloiis. and that tho portrait, although
"pretty," Is very unlike herself. Hence
the refusal to pay by the sitter end n
su't to recover by the artist.
... . i
Manure Does Benefit Land.
A good deal of comment has b-cn
caused by the publication by the de
partment of agriculture of tho I'nlled
States of bulletin 22, lit which tho
authors claimed that poor soils wi-ro
as gtKid crop yiolders as good soils,
provided both were in tho same tluo
chanleal condition. This was regard
ed every whero as a most astonishing
statement, as it was equivalent to
saying that nil kinds of manure b no
fit soil only by improving it in eel .m
ically. A few people, however, al
ways ready to follow any new i!oc
trine, at ouco took up with this new
Hut our best agriculturists h,ave
been all tho time certain that fertil
izers do add to tho amount of avail
able plant food in the Foil. It waskhe
contention of the authors of the bul
letin In question that natural agen
cies are all tho time at work In 'tho
soil liberating new quantities of plant
food, nnd that tho amount of pfant
food so liberated Is as great In tSoor
soil as In good. They claimed to tjavo
found this out by actual analyse of
tho plant food available in (Mfteieut
It Is evident, 'that something
wrong with their soil analyses
of tho greatest soil physicists In tho
United States 13 Professor F. H. ling.
During 1903 Professor King carrieii on
some experiments to determine j the
points at Issue in tho bulletin. ' Ho
carried on the same tests on threo
types of soil of low productive capac
ity and three types of soil of Jilgh
productive capacity. Ho determined
tho plant food soluble in water once
each week during the entire season
In soil from each field. He also Rrew
crops on each of tho six fields. The
amo ' of avallablo plant food In the
good soils was found to bo about two
and a half times as great In the good
soils as In tho poor soils, on the
average of all tests throughout the
Tho crops grown responded in like
measure. The good soils yielded
crops two and a half times larger
than did the poor soils. When thoso
crops were analyzed they were found
to contain about two and a halt times
as much plant food as did the crops
grown on tho poor soils.
It will thus be seen that there Is
a difference in the amount of plant
food in different soils, and that the
most productive soils are thoso well
manured and containing much avail
able plant food. It Is not true that
there is as much available plant food
in solution In the water of om soli
as of another.
Irrigation in Humid Climates.
We have usually considered till
very recent years that li paid to Irri
gate land only In those countries in
which the rainfall was insufficient to
supply the crops with the needed
moisture. But it is being learned that
Irrigation pays even In lands where
the rainfall is sufficient In most j-ears.
Illinois has an annual precipitation of
about 35 inches and Italy an annual
precipitation of about 40 Inches. Few
farmers in Illinois would think it
profitable to Irrigate, yet In ; Italy
many thousands of farmers are Irri
gating and consider it money well
spent, as a crop Insurance. Thii lead
ing crops in the irrigated regions are
corn, wheat nnd oats. Mulberry treea
are also irrigated, and the irrigation
increases the yield of the mulberry
leaves about one-third. The farmers
there declare that irrigation enables
them to grow a crop of corn after
the wheat, nnd to Increase the, yield
of alfalfa and clover 100 per cetit.
Most of the irrigation work' there
Is organized on the co-operative' basis.
The largest of these co-operative as
sociations has 14,000 members and
controls the Irrigation of 123, G0Q acres
of land. The system under tho con
trol of this association comprises 7,000
miles of canals and ditches. The
main society is divided into 40 sub
ordinate societies, each of which
elects a member to a general assem
bly, which directs tho policy of tho
association. The farmers there pay
about $6 per year for the watering of
each acre. Under such a condition,
a crop failure la impossible.
Grass Is the great fundamental crop.
Without the aid of man (and pre
vious to his Intervention) it covers
the habitable earth everywhere with
its mantle of green and fills the soft
with a thick, fibrous growth of roots,
und not only protects the land from
the ravages of wind and water, but
becomes also the primary source of
food for a large part of tho animal
creation, says A. M. Ten Eyck. Ac
cording to the government reports,
corn holds tho first place as the great
est wealth-producing crop of this coun
try, while grass takes second rank.
It Is safe to say, however, that the re
verse Is the actual fact. Tho reports
fall to take Into account tho great
wealth produced from grass as a pas
ture and Its great value as a soil pro
tector and a soll ronewor, and its pow
er to Increaso the yield of other crops
whea used in rotMIon. Although tho
native grasses grow without the aid
of man. yet It Is only when certain An.
mcstlcated species are cultivated thnt
the greatest production of hay and
pasturo Is secured.
Will the Cattle Feeder Disappear?
Senator Harris of Kansas recently
expressed tho opinion that the pro
fessional cottlo feeder will dhmppenr,
at least on the high-priced lands east
of tho Mississippi liver. Ho snyg that
It will no longer pay a man to pur
chase feeders at a high price, put
expensive corn Into them mid' sell
them on the market at tho prices em
tio are now bringing. Tho man that
raises the calf will bo tho mo that
will market liltn as a finish Blt,,,r
and get out of him all there Is In
him. In thia way he will, in addition
to his other profits, savo tho cost of
two railroad hauls.
Wheat is a good feed for hons but
It Is ofton cheaper to buy clerir wheat
at a fair price than wheat "veenlng!
at low price.
Planting the Apple Tree.
Every person setting out an or
chard fchould decide on the proper va
rieties suited to his locality, and. If
for a commercial orchard, they should
bo merchantable varieties, says T. O.
Kaynor. Good-keeping, red varieties
seem to be In keenest demand nearly
everywhere. A fine looking apple, re
gardless of the quality, Is always la
demand. Too many varieties in an
Ahard is not desirable, but four or
five of tho right sort are all that are
necessary for cross fertilization. Buy
ers will, for reasons which aro ob
vious, pay much better prices for a
few varieties than for a great many.
The stock should bo purchased from
a reliable nurseryman, and not too
much dependence should bo placed ia
agents, who are In tho business for
what they can get out of it. I would
advise buying stock from a nursery
nearest tho planter, provided his stock
Is all right.
Spring seems to be tho most favor
able time for planting. When tho
trees ure delivered, great earn should
bo taken to prevent tho exposuro of
the roots to sun or wind, nnd hcellpj:
in moist earth is ndvlsable. In pre
paring tho holes, they should bo dug
deeply enough that when the treo Is
sc: it will bo Just a littlo lower in
the "ound than where it stood ia
tho nursery row. To plant well two
persons aro necessary, one man to Ret
tho trees and tho other to dig the
holes and fill in. Tho trees must bo
trimmed, topped back, and nil broken
nnd decayed roots should bo cut off.
In planting, the roots should be
bo spread out well and the trees
Jarred gently as tho fine earth is
thrown in. This will bring tho Roll
lu close contact'with all the fine roots.
Then this should be tramped firmly
and tho hole filled to the surface and
left loose on top. Care should bo
taken ia shaping the head of the tree.
To get a good strong head the three
or four branches forming It should
6tart irregularly from the stem, and
no two limbs should grow opposite
each other. In view of the necessity
of spraying and having the fruit well
colored, It is rot advisable to plant
closer than thirty feet each way, and
for Iarge-growlig varieties forty feet
would he hotter.
Some Common Orchard Scale Insects.
The Ohio Experiment Station Is re
ceiving from all parts of the state
twigs of fruit trees infested with one
or the other of the three following
1. The Oyster-shell scale: This Is a
reddish or grayish brown scale, about
an eighth of an inch In length, point
ed at one end and curved ia shape,
suggesting a minute, elongated oyster
shell. Its winter form la a hard scale,
covering and protecting a number of
minute, white eggs. These eggs hatch
during the fore part of June, and tho
yellowish young crawl about for a few
days nnd then fix themselves by In
serting their beaks in tho bark and
begin sucking the sap. At this time
they may be destroyed by spraying
with kerosene emulsion, tho formula
for which is given in the Station spray
calendars, which are seat free on ap
plication. Experiments made by the Canada
Experiment Farms have shown that
this scalo may also bo controlled by
the use of lime mixed with water at
the rate of one or two pounds of lime
to a gallon of water. Thia Bhould be
done as early in the winter as possi
ble. The lime loosens the Bcales, after
which the rain removes them and de
stroys the eggs.
2. Tho Scurfy scale: This Insect Is
somewhat smaller than the oyster
shell scalo, and Is more nearly round
In shape. It Is more conspicuous be
cause of Its white color. Its habits
and the means for its control are sim
ilar to those of the oyster-shell scale.
Neither of these scales is likely to
cause much injury In orchards which
are thoroughly sprayed with Bordeaux
3. The San Jose scale: This scalo
Is much smaller than either of tho oth
ers named. It Is nearly rourid In shape,
at first white but later dark gray In
color and is easily rocogrlzed by a
minute central nipple, which is lighter
colored, often yellow. To Identify
this scalo a small magnifying glass ia
necessary. TLis insect is far more de
structive than either of the others
named. Its appearance In tho orchard
r.ieans the eventual destruction of tho
orchard unless vigorous treatment Is
adopted. Tho best method of treat
ment yet discovered Is the Ume-sul-pkur-salt
Testing Vitality of Seeds.
Owing to tho unfavorable season of
1903 many kinds of seeds failed to
mature properly and It ia probnble
that there will bo many disappointed
growers during tho present season.
Prof. W. M. Munson, horticulturist to
the Maino Agricultural Experiment
Station makes tho following sugges
tions, whereby It Is possible for every
farmer to know Just whnt to expect
from his corn, oats, pons, clover or
other crops, and to plna accordingly.
If ho knows that only 00 per cent of
his corn will germinate, It Is an easy
matter to plant twice na much; but It
ho plants tho usual amount and gets
only half a stand, tho caso Is much
A simple test of tho vitality of any
farm or garden Foods can bo made as
follows: liaco 100 seeds, taken at
random from tho Btock which Is to be
planted, on a dish of sand, cover from
'.i to 1 inch with sand, moisten ond
Keep In a warm place, ns behind tho
kitchen stove, until tho sprouts ap
pear. Tho number of sprouts which
appear will rive an Idea of tho per
centage which may bo expected to
urow. Caro should bo taken that tho
neds nro kept moist, but not too
vet. It Is advlsahlo to make more
than 0110 test, and ba guided by the
nverago results. A test (if this kind
a more valuable than 0110 lu which
the seeds aio placed lu blotting paper,
f,,r seeds may nprout on piper which
i!o not have sulllelent vitality to grow.
People who complain that they are
misunderstood fall to realho how for.
tanate It is for tho rest of the world.
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