The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911, January 13, 1910, Image 7

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Illustration and Directions for the
Construction of Machine to
Run at High Speed.
A simple electric engino may be
made ns follows: Take nn ordinary
electric bell and remove the gong,
writes Robert A. Beckman in Scien
tific American. The striker arm should
The Leading Lady
i'i m TTT ' '
Six Ideas That May Be Carried Out
In Cambric or Washing Silk
Materials Required Are
Not Expensive.
Pretty camisoles havo a great at
traction for tho average girl, and, in
fact, they are a necessity, with the
many transparent materials that are
used for dresses and blouses.
Here wo show six designs that may
be carried out in cambric or washing
silk. The first is trimmed each Bide
front with tucks and Insertion carried
to the waist, the neck is finished with
insertion and lace, tho arm
holes, with Insertion only. f!e
ncath this we have a design with
square neck trimmed with short tucks
Coarse Weaves of Homespun Linen
Can Be Employed Most
This Is a most excellent time of the
year to Invest In dress linen for deco
rative purposes.
Some of the coarser weaves of
homespun linen make most effective
room decorations if chosen In colors
suitable for household purposes.
' Plain linen, for hangings, cushions,
couch and tablecovers, often proves
the saving note in a room otherwise
too ornate. For Instance, If you are
burdened with an excess of design ill
carpet and wallpaper, a relief may be
'found in the plainest of Imaging.
Women with artistic souls have re
sorted to the dyeing of unbleached
muslin for this samo purpose.
Racquet cloth, although too stiff
while it Is new, offers an attractively
plain surface, but the open weave of
coafse linen Is even better. Its colors,
too, are softer, and there are more
half-tones, suitable for decorative pur
poses in linen.
Innovation by Leaders of Fashion
That Has a Great Deal to
Recommend It.
A few smart leaders have started
the fashion of wearing their string of
pearls under the yoke and collnr of
white tulle or lace in a dressy frock
This Is supposed to be in better taste
for these days than wearing such
precious jewels on the outsido during
the daytime.
In the evening, of course, the fit
ness of the thing changes. This is
the hour for jewels, and whether or
not the frock has a collar, any neck
lace is worn on the outside.
It looks, by the way, as though a
collar on any gown worn after seven
o'clock will lx old-fashioned. Dog
collars of tullo or bands of black vel
vet may be used to cover the neck
if it is not n pretty one, but the boned
collar seems to have had its run ex
cept for the daytime.
C'ornmeal, perfumed with orris root,
sprinkled through the hair and
brushed out, makes a good dry sham
poo. In the absence of a hot-water bottle
or bag a hot plate wrapped In paper
and a soft towel will retain heat until
the proper nrtlcles can be procured.
' A camphorated bath is refreshing
after a day s work and is not expen
sive, tsays a writer. After your regular
tub bath take a basin of cold water,
drop enough of the mixture in the wa
ter to make It look milky and then
sponge the body. It only takes a few
moments and you will feci repaid lor
the trouble.
A woman who knows all the Ins and
outs of the well-dressed world tells
how to scent gloves. Pour perfumery
in the palms of the hand or rub oil of
flowers on the palms and placo the
gloves on the hand for several min
utes until the odor penetrates them.
The warmth of the band drives the oils
into the glove and good perfume will
remain for many months.
and pointed pieces of insertion, the
neck finished with Insertion and lace.
In the center the deslsn is very
simple, having trimmings only on neck
and nrmholes; in tho lower part of the
(enter Is shown a camlsolo that Is
fastened at back; the lower part Is
plain to tho waist, then, the deep yoke,
consists of alternate strips of finely
tucked lawn and Insertion. At the
upper right-hand corner lace Insertion
Is laid In loops over tucked cambric.
Beneath this we have another high
necked design with square yoke of In
sertion which fastens by tiny buttons
and loops In front, though the nrtist
has failed to Indicate this.
Materials required for each cam
lEole: About five-eights yard 3G
inches wide. For the iirst, two yards
insertion, yards lace. For the sec
ond, 21(. yards Insertion, three yards
lace. For the third, l'i yards Inser
tion, three yards lace. For the fourth.
three-fourths yard 3G inches wide,
three yards insertion, i',4 yards lace.
For the fifth, l's yards lace insertion,
1U yards beading, 2'A yards lace. For
the sixth, three-fourth yard 30 Inches
wide, insertion according to width, l?;
yards lace.
Overcast Together.
When Heavy Russian crash, such
as is now used for portieres, Is too nar
row In width, don't be dissuaded from
the use of this beautiful colorless ma
terial, but just overcast Its width to
gether after the manner of the Hag
dad portiere. You will find no hang
ings more effective for studio and li
brary use than those of soft-toned
crash, and the heavy linen overcasting
down each seam will render them
even more attractive. To do the over
casting use the coarsest of carpet
thread or a flax that is sold In skeins.
Street Gown of Black and White
terials Will Be Popular
This Season.
This afternoon street gown Is made
in black and white. The draped tunic
is cut in coat effect, and fastens in tho
back and Is slashed half way up the
front; It reaches to the knees In front
and Is raised about six Indies In the
back, thus making a decided dip,
which Is always a graceful effect. Tin
sleeves are shirred around and tight;
the skirt is long, made In box plaits
about five Inches broad. There are
six black silk velvet bows about threo
Inches wide, two In front and four In
the back. A touch of black is charac
terlstic of French gowns. The yoke
and broad cuffs are made of very
heavy Irish lace and lined with chlf
fon. The hat Is of black velvet rolled
high on the left side and with a do
elded dip. The trimming Is of black
and white aigrettes. Vogue.
Collapsible Tub.
The thing most desired by young
mothers these days Is a bathtub fo
the baby made of sheet rubber tha
Is attached to a campstool foundation
It can be folded up and put out of tho
way when net In use, and It telescopes
Into a small bundle when one wants
to travel.
New Lace Moire.
Moire Is to be the fashion of the
winter. The milliners huve brought
out a lace moire which Is charming.
It Is transparent as net and Is laid
over nn Inteuse color for either brim
or crown.
For the Schoolgirl. ,
There Is nothing Hint takes away
the schoolgirl's daintiness so quickly
as soiled cuffs. A good Idea Is to mnke
the shirtwaist of some pretty striped
porcale, making the stock and cuffs
of linen the same color as the stripe.
ill ill
: m 111 :
i If
There was much surprise and no
little consternation in the ranks of the
Sterling stock company, when It was
announced that ihe star of the cust.
Miss Ilalliday. had been taken sud
denly ill and that the part of "Iris"
would be given over to the mercies
of a substitute that night, (lerald
Morrison, who sustained the principal
male character of tho play, was par
ticularly worried over the unfortunate
occurrence. He looked about him in
quisitively as he stepped upon the
dimly-lighted stage. The new leading
lady was not visible and the only
strange face he observed was that of
pretty young girl, who had uppar
ntly been brought by some friend in
the company for a peep behind the
Ready for tho first act!" cried tho
stage manager, and Gerald was sur
prised to see, when the stage was
cleared that the strange young girl
remained, lie was about to go for
ward and warn her that the rehearsal
wns to begin and that the leading lady
would want the stage to herself, when
he was amazed to hear her repeat in
rather nervous tones, the opening
lines assigned to "Iris." The act pro
ceeded and the girl became more
nervous as each new character ap
peared, until when Gerald approached
her, she greeted him with trembling
voice and tearful eyes, Instead of the
gay flippancy assigned to the part. This
annoyed him and he spoke his lines
in a rough, careless way that made
her almost forget hers. She glanced
at him appeallngly and whispered:
"Please forgive me; I'll do better to
night." Gerald left the theater in
anything but a pleasant mood. Ho
looked forward to all sorts of unpleas
ant happenings during the evening
She Hastened Forward, Breathlessly.
performance and when the time came
for his appearance before the foot
lights he had worked himself Into a
state of nervousness almost rivaling
that of the debutante.
Ivls made up very well, he thought,
as he came forward on the stage, but
It remained to be seen how she would
act. He advanced repeating his lines
in a jerky, Irresolute fashion and mix
ing the sentences so that the cue was
lost. Much to his surprise and relief,
however. Iris saved him from the con
sequences of his lapse of memory by
an extempore word or two that
brought tho play back into its proper
On the following morning the news
papers spoke In highest praise of tho
opening performance of the Sterling
stock company in "The World and a
Woman." To Gerald Morrison was
given tho greatest credit for tho suc
cess of the play, although mention
was made of the clever work of Miss
Margaret Deane, who, owing to the
sudden Illness of Miss Ilalliday, took
the leading lady's part of Iris, and ren
dered an admirable performance, con
sidering her extreme youth and the
fact that she had appeared on such
short notice. Hct'ore Gerald left the
city for a tour in the south ho signed
n contract with the Sterling Stock
Company for the next senson. When
tho members of the company assem
bled to be cast for the play which was
to be produced at the opening of the
season, the new manager turned to
"I want you to meet Miss Deane.
who will play opposite to you, Mr.
Morrison," he said.
"Tho Introduction la scarcely neces
sary," responded that young lady, In a
freezing tone of voice. "I have had
the honor of meeting Mr. Morrison be
fore." "Our acquaintance wns rather
phort." remarked Gerald. "I am happy
In being nble to resume it so soon."
Miss Deane merely bowed and was
silent. They met constantly at re
hearsals and Gerald was surprised and
annoyed at the hauteur and disdain
with which he wns treated by the girl
whom a few short months ago he had
looked upon as little more thnn a
child. There were moments when he
thought he could detect a little more
cordiality In her tone or glance, but
any encouragement thus derived was
quickly overbalanced by her coldness,
If he presumed on It. JIo overtook
her one morning as they left the thea
ter. "Our ways seem to lie In the same
direction; may 1 accompany you?" he
asked, somewhat timidly.
Hi mm
Jmk I if
"No, thank you,'
she answered, In-
Despite his repulse, Gerald, who by
this time was willing to admit to
himself that he was really in love
with her, continued to seek Margaret's
society. One morning ou his way
to rehearsal he noticed In a florist's
window a pretty bunch of Margue
rites. Acting on the impulse of the
moment, ho purchased them, and on
ariiving ut the theater sent them to
Miss Deane's dressing room. When
she stepped on tho stage she carried
the box containing tho tlowers In het
"Some foolish person sent me these,"
she remarked to the company who
stood around her. "I am not particu
larly fond of Marguerites, as they re
mind me too much of my own name,
which I huve the misfortune to dis
like. Won't you. nil help yourselves!
I might not be bo generous If they
were roses."
As the ladies present availed them
selves of the invitation and pinned
clusters of tho pretty blossoms on
their gowns, Gerald received a defiant
little glance from Margaret that con
vinced him that she had discovered
the donor, and that her dislike for
Marguerites was of recent and sudden
growth. The dress rehearsal which
took place on the night preceding the
presentation of tho piece In public was
a long one, and It was nearly one
o'clock when the weary performers
emerged froin the stage door. Mar
garet Deane felt decidedly nervous ai
she walked along the lonely cross
streets, which were practically desert
ed. Every footfall in the distance
made her start, and when she fancied
she heard a cautious step behind her,
as of some ono followiug In her track,
her heart beat painfully. She glanced
hastily back and caught sight of the
tall form of a man who was evidently
watching her.
She hastened forward breathlessly,
conscious all the time that her pur
suer was also hurrying on. At last
the thought of calling a policeman
entered her mind, but there was none
in sight. A light in the window of a
house close nt hand caught her eye,
and she decided to appeal to the in
mates for aid. Mounting the steps, sh
was horrified to hear the rapid ap
proach of her pursuer's feet close be
hind her. Desperately she reached fot
the bell, and was about to pull it, when
a familiar voice said
"Do you wish to see anybody hers!
I have a latch key handy."
'Gerald! Mr. Morrison," almost
screamed Margaret, in surprise and
Immense relief. "Is it really you? J
thought it was some awful highway
mm louowing me. un, I am so
"So am I," said Gerald, earnestly,
"glad because the barriers are broken
down between us, even If you wen
a little bit frightened. You foolish
child, did you Imagine that I would al
low you to wander through the streets
alone nt this time of night? And, oi
course, Fate ordained that you should
run up here, where I live. Now I am
going to see you home."
Margaret slipped her little hand con
lidingly through his arm, nnd thej
started off together. "I was horrid
to you, Gerald," she said, falterlngly,
but I never will be again."
uuring mo lonowing weeK tne nn
nounccment was made In theatrical
circles of the engagement of Margaret
Deane, lending lady of the Sterling
block Company, to Gerald Morrison.
"Quoer," commented the stage man
ager, "I thought she hated that chap
but you never can tell. I suppose six
was In love with him all the time."
Old Custom Abolished.
The British army council has decld
ed to abolish the old custom of "crylni
down credit. I nder the king's regit
lations, commanding officers, on arriv
ing at a new station, are required tc
make proclamation warning tradespeo
pic ami outers tutu a soldier s pa)
cannot be stopped for a private debt
and that those who allow soldiers tc
contract debts do so at their own risk
Tho custom In the old days oftet
gavt rise to a picturesque ceremony
the commnndlng officer, accompanied
by a detachment of his regiment and
Ihe drums, reading the proclamation
In the market place. The last occa
sion on which the ceremony was per
formed was a year or two ago. Tht
old proclamation Is now to bo re
placed by newspnper advertisements
Trial of Radlotelegraphy.
A powerful radlotelegraphy plant
has been contracted for by the nav)
department. This plaut will be at
Washington, D. C, nnd will be guar
nnteed to trunsralt messages 3,00(
miles across seas. The aerial trans
mission system will be supported by I
bOO-foot steel tower. The plant
guaranteed to be operative under al
atmospheric conditions and to b
proof against all Interference from al
present radlotelegraphlc apparatus It
use anywhere. It Is reported that tht
navy operators unsuccessfully trie
for four days to Interfere with tht
operation of a preliminary arrange
nient of the type of apparatus to b
used. The cost of the plunt is state
as J1S2.G00.
Australia Needs Settlers.
Austrulla has more unemployed
areu in proportion to the populatlot
thau our other country.
New Electrical Device for Utility and
Decoration Without Wires for
Dining Room Use.
Every woman has realized for some
time past that the use of the candle as
a table decoration was attended by
danger and other shortcomings and a
substitute has been eagerly sought.
riie solution of tho problem lias not
been found In electricity, for the rea
son that lamps of this character
lacked tho feature of portability and
their uso also required the presence
of wires piercing tho cloths and tables.
New York man has recei.tly de
signed a piece of table decoration
which takes tho placo of the candles
on tho dining room table In tho homo
as well as the hotel and cafe.
The devlco Is a pretty design em
bracing a silver receptacle capable of
holding a single-storage ceMI. The bat
tery stores sufficient energy to keep
Displaces the Candelabra.
the lamps aglow for 14 hours, and the
Illumination emanates from throe
tungsten lamps supplied with switch
for controlling them. Fitting neatly
over the stand is a shallow glass dish
containing cut flowerB and water. Tho
former are supported by a cast-glass
disk with numerous holes Into which
the flower stems, etc., project The
lamp thus serves as a flower vase as
well, and the effect of tho light pass
ing through the glass and water and
playing around the flowers and leaves
is very pretty indeed.
Thomas A. Edison Asserts That Large
Cities Will Be as Free from
Smoke as Field.
(By Thomas A. Edison.)
Large cities will be as free from
smonko nnd steam as the fresh, green
fields. Electricity will be generated
direct from fuel without tho aid of
steam or gas engine, boiler or dyna
mo. Vibration will cease in manu
facturing plants. Each machine will
hnve its individual motor.
Electricity will run the world. The
entire system of railroading in all
countrlos will be on an electrical
basis. Houses will be heated by elec
tricity, and for less than half tho cost
of the present heating systems. And
most of tho city's distressing nolso
will cease.
Perhaps tho people will havo bo
come so accustomed to aerial navlga
tlon that they will consider them
selves "very close to the ground"
when they are 300 feet up In the
air, walking about on the building
tops with tho samo freedom and lack
of fear that tho average pedestrian
does now on terra flrma.
The grenter number of buildings
will be of concrete and steel; that is
the coming material for construction
In all cities; re-enforced concrete for
the shell and foundations, steel for
the frame and bars. Concrete is the
all-Important factor In tho future for
construction In connection with steel
It lasts for ages.
My new battery will bo an Impor
tant factor in the future. It will be
the means of accumulating electricity
for portable uses the vehicle, the
small car, the airship, with its skel
eton motor, with Its high speed. Elec
tricity will also havo its hand in set
tling future wars. Warships will
perhans bo a thing of tho past. A
horse will be as much of a curiosity
as an old Broadway stage.
Largest Induction Motor.
The largest Induction motor In tho
world was started recently at Gary,
Ind., where It is installed in a large
rolling mill. "The motor Is rated to
develop 6,000 horse-power. It Is of
the three-phase 23-cycle type, and two
2,000-kilowntt turbines generate the
current necessary to operate It. The
motor receives the current at 0,000
Tolls. By using n step by step con
troller starting at 1,350 volts, the mo
tor was successfully started In tho
proper direction, coming to full speed
In 45 seconds.
Electricity for High Speed.
In a recent lecture before the Roy
al Institute, I.oudii. Prof. W. E. Dal
by showed that for long distance
traction at speeds under C5 miles per
hour steam Is much more economical
than electric drive. Electricity pos
sesses an advantage for high sp.'cd
travel because tho power Is limited
only by tho number of axles to
motors mny be applied.
, 0
Ik W
iry 1 n y
Simple Electrlo Engine.
he cut off nbout three-fourths of an
Inch from tho armature, leaving the
butt, G. A strip of brass one-sixteenth
of an Inch thick nnd one-fourth
on an inch wide of suitable length is
bored at both ends, ono end to fit
tho butt, G, nnd tho other end to fit
the crank, J, of the shaft, C, The
shaft is made of one-eighth inch diam
eter brass or Bteel. Care should bo
taken to mako the stroke of the crane,
J, the same as that of tho arma
ture. Tho balance, wheel, A, is fastened
to tho shaft, C. Any wheel of suit
able size and weight can be used. In
the model made by tho writer a valve
wheel two Inches in diameter was
Tho bearings, H, can be made ot
strip brass in the model screw eyeB
were used. K, K nre wire rings
soldered to tho shaft, C, to keep it
In placo. H is a wiro ring soldered
to the crank to keep the strip, F, in
When the screw, E. Is properly ad
Justed and tho terminals, L, are con
nected to a battery tho engine will
run at a high rate of speed.
Contrlvancs to Overcome Feeling of
Paralysis In Arm After a
Long Conversation,
Who has not left the telephone after
a long conversation with his or her
left arm feeling ns if it was paralyzed?
To eliminate this discomfort a New
York man has Invented a new kind of
telephone stand on which the receiv
er may he adjusted to any position
und remain stationary. Two clamps
nro fastened to the telephone proper
and these clumps hold a vertical rod.
At the top of this vertical rod an arm
Is pivoted in such a fashion that it can
bo moved to any nnglo. The vertical
rod, by tho way, turns fn its socket.
At tho free end of the topmost arm
the receiver Is fastened by a spring
Convenient for Long Talks.
clamp, which permits of Its being
turned about to fit the ear. After the
devlco has been adjusted to the de
sired position the caller may take a
seat in a comfortable chair and talk
to his heart's content.
Simple and Economical In Operation,
Requiring Fewer Operators
Than Steam Machine.
Tho latest machine In which elec
tricity has been substituted for steam
power is the steam shovel, which
from its cumbrous parts, rough us
age, and Irregular loads did not seem
a likely appliance to bo electrically
driven. Two 110-ton machines are
used In llmestono quarrying by tha
Doleso & Shepard Company of Chi
cago, in which the hoisting and the
digging movement are controlled by
separate motors of 200 and 80 horse
power respectively. Each motor is
separately controlled by an auto
matic magnetic switch controller, se
curing the greatest nicety of opera
tion and protecting tho motor from
overload duo to rock encountered
whllo digging. A feed cable is car
ried on a reel in tho cab connecting
at a convenient point with fixed con
ductor, and the shovel moves under
its own power, says Scientific Amer
ican. It has been found very slm
plo nnd economical In operation, re
quiting fewer operators than a steam
shovel and eliminating tho carrying
ot coal und water.
Niagara to Be Illuminated.
Visitors to Niagara Falls last sum
mer, who were enthusiastic in their
admiration of the electrical Illumina
tion, will be glad to learn that prom
inent cttl.eiis of Niagara are endeav
oring to raise a fund to pay for the
perm. m nt Illumination o the falls
during summer seasons.