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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 30, 1909)
SILO IS PERMANENT
FACTOR IN HUSBANDRY
FaFIIierS9 Their Motives
IdealS Records Good
Time Not Far Distant When Stock Raisers as Well as
Duirymen Will Depend on It Entirely lor
Feed-By Prof. A. S. Glover.
Chat on Interesting Topics of Many Kinds, by
a Recognized Authority
Hy MRS. GEORGE S. LADD
Showing How to Start Silo on Foundation.
' It Is more than n quarter of a cen
tury since tlio American farmer bo
t;nn to can somo of Ills green crops In
a vessel, t ailed n silo. There lias been
much written and a great deal of ex
perimenting done to prove the. feasl
Mllty of preserving some of our green
food In this Manner. There Is no
longer any question that this method
,ls one of tho best as well ns tho
cheapest ways we have of storing
Bomo of our green crops.
In the beginning man;' ill-construct-d
silos were built and extravagant
claims were made for their use. In
many Instances tho silage was very
jioor In quality, which led many
thoughtful and conservative people to
condemn the silo.
Since we have learned to fill them
properly tho prejudlco and suspicion
nro fast disappearing nnd silos are
lielng built In every part of the coun
try where livestock is kept. The silo
has become a permanent factor In
American husbandry and tho stock
raisers, as well as tho dairymen, will
depend largely on tho contents of tho
silo for green feed.
Tho progressive dairymen have long
realized the value of succulent food
for their cows, and they have been
using silos for many years. It is the
more conservative farmers who are
now rapidly becoming converted to
th 3 use of silage and nro making In
quiries In regard to tho building of
alios and many other questions per
taining to this method of preserving
feed. These questions havo led the
writer to prepare these notes on tho
silo and silage.
it Is a settled question that the silo
snould bo built round, for In a build
in.; of this shape t ho silage is best pro
nerved. In a round structure tho con
tents settle more evenly than in nny
other shaped building, and If the corn
Is properly put into the silo the ma-
to havo more material to feed It Is
better to build two small receptacles
than one larger than 20 feet In dl
anieter. It Involves considerable more
labor to handle silage In a very largo
structuro than In one of reasonable
slzo. Many farmers prefer to have
two silos. They feed from one during
tho winter and havo tho contents of
the other for midsummer's feeding,
Tho silo should never be built In
the barn. Sllago Is more or less a
fermented product and must bo fed
with care, otherwise tho milk may be.
come tainted by Its use. Ilarns that
contain a silage always bear the odor
of the silage, and this should be avoid
ea ir nigh grade milk Is to be pro
A circular foundation of stono, brick
or grout is constructed from two to
three feet above tho ground to protect
tho timbers from moisture. The wall
Is built from 14 to 20 Inches thick, do
pending upon tho nnturo of tho soil
nnd tho slzo of tho silo to bo built.
Tho top of tho wall should be beveled
outward, which permits the water to
flow awny very quickly from tho base
of the building.
A GOOD CROP
Hogs Take Very Kindly to This
Plant and Eat Ileana Readily
Fleoh Former Hy Prof,
II. A. Moore.
Roy beans were first grown at tho
Wisconsin experiment station in 18U9.
nnd each year since the acreage and
tho number of varieties tested have
The tests at this station have been
made for the purpose of determining
their valuo as a forago plant and of
tiding out which varieties, If nny,
were adapted to our soil nnd climate.
Twenty-nine varieties have been on
trial. Of these the Michigan green
seems especially adapted to be grown
with corn for silage. This Is a me
dium early variety and is noted for
A Harvest Home Party.
In Sweden they make a ceremony of
bringing in the last sheaf of wheat
signifying that tho "summer is over
and the harvest ended." With this in
mind, a hostess who is noted for her
originality issued Invitations for a
Harvest Home" party at her place In
the country. It is now quite the thing
not to return to town until the first of
November, so the beautiful foliage
and the glories of autumn are enjoyed
to the full. At this party, which was
given last year, too late to get In the
department owing to the fact that It
must be made up several weeks in ad
vance, tho house and spacious ver
andas were literally covered with gor
geous oak and maple leaves, as was
tho lower floor of the great barn
where dancing took place at eight
o'clock. The hours were from five to
ten, which just permitted the making
of trains to and from the city.
A novel feature was the playing of
the band composed of the workmen on
the place. They wero mostly Ger
mans, nnd as each department had
Its own foreman with helpers the or
ganization was quite complete as well
as unique. They played for tho dan
clng, and to a most stirring march
they led the gay party to the last
sheaf of wheat in the field. It was
laid In the pony cart belonging to the
ten-year-old daughter of the house,
who drove tho prettily docon
pony into the barn, where the sheaf
was placed in the middle of the clean
ly swept floor nnd the hostess paid a
tribute to Ceres, a health being drunk
In mulled cider made on the place and
served by the hostess. After a supper
of fried chicken, boiled ham, hot muf
fins, rice nnd tomatoes cooked to
gether with shrimp, which the colored
cook said was "Juinbalaya," tea, cof
fee, Macedoine of vegetable, salad
nnd pumpkin pie, the dancing began.
After a few informal dances there
was what tho hostess called a "Farm
ers cotillon, because nil the ngures
pertained to work on the farm, and
the favors consisted of big straw hats,
sunbonnets, whips, milking stools, tin
pails, spades, rakes, hoes, etc. It was
all very original and pretty. Cider
frappe was on hand for the dancers.
name of a state. The story here has
the blanks correctly tilled for the ben
efit of tho hostess.
A handsome (Mil.) foil In love with a
(Miss.) whom ho attended when slio wan
(111.), and who wus sweeter than any
Mower of the (Del.), lie asked her hand
In marriage, but liT (Pa.) wished her
to wed his war tlmo friend, tho (Col ),
who was rich, but who looked as If he had
rome out of the (Ark.). So ho put the
doctor off by saying he would (Conn.)
tho matter (Ore). Hut the lover pressed
him, nnd said: "(Wy.) will U.) not clve
(Me.) un unswer?" The father, being a
1 ankee, answered his question by ask
AM only doing justice to tin' farm people when 1 allinn that
their ideals of life are higher, their motives purer and their
records of crime less than those of any other class of people.
The great majority of them arc honest, industrious, intolli-. nt
and charitable. 'What can constitute a higher typo of citizen
ship? The atmosphere of tho farm home is.pure. It speaks for
itself. From it has conic the majority of tho greatest and best,
men tir.il women of the nation. Statistics prove this assertion.
Nowhere docs the love of home seem so strong as among th
(Kan.) you support a f.irm nonnln niwl it n reeivmieil fuel that, ''the home makes the nation."
wife?" and added bluntly that ho feared I I r
his dauKhter would have to (Wash.) for Theodore Ii'oosevclt realized this when he said: lhere is no more impor
ter living, should she marry so poor a , , i ,i i;r nf iUn .,;, 41.., .1...
The young man replied: "Although l;t"1, pci-oii cvtiiiilt hit liniucuce upon inu iuu ui w. mm"" mm. mi:
could SpnrtIOn,yNW.fr?h,i:1) loKol ilTm wif 110 K 1"'C rmf ll0m a"'1 St
marry." When ho met his sweetheart is 0f national importance to do the host vc can for both."
next morning at early (Mass.) nnd told
her of tho interview, she said: "(ha.) i Ask anv merchant in any town or citv to what class ot people lie
could love you no (Mo.) had you ull tho . . , ... ,. " .. if ., ' ..
wealth of (ind.)." So they wero married would rather extend credit, and lie will tell you the tanner every tune;
XHtaVtai but in order to pay his honest debts the farmer and his family deny
to keep them from being happy. themselves innnv of the uleasurcs of life and some of the necessities.
People representing the great basic industry of this country should not he
obliged to do this. They should receive a just compensation for the
After this came a map-drawing con
test Tho guests wero handed large
sheets of paper with pencils and told
to draw any country they chose, with products of their farms
a rew principal rivers, mountains and
cities; to write their names and the
name of tho country on the back and
pin the paper on the wall. Then all
had to guess what was what. Tho
one who guessed the most correctly re
The thought of the farm people is not ''How innch can I get out of
you?" but 'ilow much can I do for you?" The old saying that "virtue
is its own reward" does not seem to apply to the farmer on this earth,
but it may in the hereafter. He does not seem to be a part of anything
celved a prize. Slips of paper were really, except work and taxes. The same tax rate is placed upon him as
then passed containing tho names of u.)(m t, ,imn w1(,so business pavs a 25 per cent, dividend. He does not
two rivers, which were to be woven . ... , , , . . , .. ,.
Into a rhyme. The results were rend ulTIU 1111 l"i"""s oi minor ami huh. tuai are gneu men in oiner can-
aloud and were very amusing. Float- ings. Ho knows that in the majority of cases it is only the poorest of
ing Island and small sponge cakes anv profession who stav in the country, for the nffr.neiions of the .rreat
wero served. The prizes wore inter- . . .. . . . ' J it
estlng foreign prints framed In plain American dollar to most people are far greater than the song of tho birds,
the hum ot the bees, green grass, pure air and beautiful sunshine.
His charity! If you are unfortunate ask any one in the country
for money or food. If they have it, see how (iiickly you will receive it.
Ask in the city for the same and you will get "() days. I know there is
a law against begging, but there is no law which prevents a pirson from
being hungry or unfortunate. Charity
ttiu'iirrl nil M nil, rtf tlio s!rmicr ,.!inrni-
A Geographical Party.
This was given by a gay party of
young people and nil pronounced it a
success. The invitations had the
usual day, date and hour, with the
jingle given, which explained a wee
bit the character of the affair, or, as a
youth aptly expressed it, "what you
were up against."
All Kiusts who want to win a prize
Should on tho atlas nine their eyes,
Itifcsh up their knowledge, cram their
With abbreviated stntes:
its height and great growth of foliage. With maps of many n foreign rlime,
The stems are stronir nnd It nn.ii.11v Anfl rlvo" '"' n,,1!it Pllt " yme.
t --;y 1 1 ii i in miiinii ie""T7
terlnl In nearly ns good next to the
.Wall as it is In the center.
It Is not always so with the square
structure the silage In tho corners
of a square building is apt to bo very
loor in quality and often unlit for
Blnce tho round building Is the best
form to construct the next question
to consider is what kind of a round
eilo should be built? The stave silo,
which Is manufactured by a number of
firms, makes a very satisfactory build
ing and one that lasts for many years.
Tanners who have built the stave silos
aro well pleased with them.
It should be borno In mind that a
silo is nothing more or less than a
largo air tight vessel in which feed Is
"canned" for future use. The size of
4 ho silo depends upon the number of
animals that are to be fed from It,
In the main il should be tall and
slim. It Is dilllcult to build a silo too
high, but It Is easy to build it too large
in diameter. The diameter should bo
of that size to allow at least a two
Inch layer of silage to bo fed each day
from tho top surface. If tho silage Is
exposed too long to the air it will
spoil, the samo ns canned fruit or
vegetables. Tho average feed of sl
lago is about 40 pounds a day and tho
silo for winter feeding should hold
enough to feed tho stock for 200 days.
Tho following table gives the di
mensions the silo should be built for
a given number of animals and the
number of days that It will feed them;
It also gives the approximate capacity
of each size and tho average number
of acres of corn It will take to fill the
stands erect so that It can bo harvest
ed nicely with tho corn binder, or if
grown alone can be cut to advantage
with a mower.
If grown for seed or pasture pur
poses tho soy bean should bo bowu la
drills about 30 inches apart. Wherd
a small acreage is desired a hand drill
can be used, but where a largo quan
tity is planted a grain drill can be
used by stopping some of the inter
vening spouts so ns to have the soy
beans the proper distance apart.
A corn planter can be used to ad
vantage nnd the seed sown the usual
distance allowed for corn, or by
doubling put them one-half the dis
Where the greater distance Is al
lowed between the rows the seed
should be sown about twice as thick
in the row.
If tho desire Is to cut for hay, sow
broadcast with seeder or by band.
Where sown in drills nbout one-halt
bushel of seed should bo used per
acre, nnd If sotfn broadcast about one
The soy bean can bo harvested to
advantage by being pastured oft with
hogs and it seems that this will be
one of its principal uses In tho future,
as It is high in protein and a great
Hogs take very kindly to this plant
and eat tho benns readily. Ry plant
ing a few acres of tho early varieties
each year a farmer can not only re
new the fertility of the soil, but have
an abundance of feed for fitting his
hogs for tho fall market
The first stunt was to read tho fol
lowing "stately story" and 1111 In the
blanks with tho abbreviations of the
Long sashes are being worn with
Paris Is offering all sorts of hats ex
cept small ones.
White cony will be a leader in fur
coats for young girls.
Gold braid will figure prominently
as a coiffure ornament.
Corsets aro longer over the kips but
cut lower at tho top.
Newest belt buckles and pins com
bine mother of pearl and jet.
Puffs are Etill worn, but are small
and soft and Irregular in shape.
The scarab Is a leader among dec
orations for pins and dainty buckles.
For fall wear many double veils of
contrasting colors are being offered.
Red is a brilliant exception to the
rule that makes for dull hued colors,
Sleeves In little girls' dresses are
fuller, long, and have often one or twe
Dog collars In velvet are being em
broidered In tiny buds and flowers in
teristics of the American farmer.
By ARTHUR BLANCHARD
Autumn Street Suits
Number of nnlmaU
to 1mi fed from
'M day. Ul l-
JO to Z 1
' to 3M IS
) to X H
:c. to ft n
40 to r h
00 to (" I'-
CO to Id -t
Iloiglit. corn. ton
2S 8 to 9 100
:0 9 to 10 J I.",
32 II to 12 145
;I4 12 to 14 1,5
'M 15 to 1? MO
M IS to M 250
40 13 to 26 m
A silo should never be bunt over
20 feet in diameter. If it Is necessary
Cleanliness in Dairy.
No matter what tlmo of the year
It Is, too much cannot bo said In favor
of cleanliness In tho dairy. Many per
sons think that In summer time when
the cows do not sleep in the filthy
lot It Is not necessary to wash the
udder before each milking. This Is a
Pasturing Hogs on Alfalfa.
In pasturing hogs on alfalfa It Is
better to provide more pnsturage than
the hogs need. Then cut what Is left
for bay, Just as though It had not
been used for pasture. Cutting gives
It a fresh start, and the field produces
more pasture than It would If these
patches were allowed to mature.
Time for Churning.
After cream becomes sour the more
ripening the more It depreciates. The
best time for churning Is Just before
acidity becomes apparent.
The fact that Blount Vernon, the home
and hist resting place of Washington, is
closed on Sunday has brought disappoint
ment to thousands of people in every part
of the country.
In many cases visitors from distant
points, who hiive but a short, while to spend
in the city named for America's greatest
son, ii iv ignorant of the fact that his home
on tin- l'oioiiiac is not o be seen on tho
first day of the week. They find out too
late that no one can enter the grounds on
Sundav or gaze on the tomb of tho father
of his country. When Sir Edmund lbir-
ton, then prime minister of Australia, visited this country some rears
ago he was keenly anxious to see Mount Vernon, but the only day he
could devote to the pilgrimage was Sunday. Extraordinary exertions
were put forth to get a relaxation of the rule in his case, but to no avail.
It was in midsummer, during the absence of the president, and no
one at the capital or at the mansion could be found to take the responsi
bility of setting a precedent. (Iivntlv disappointed, Sir Edward lbirton
hail to leave without having his wish gratified, as he was forced to hurry
to catch his ship.
A New York man was brought before a
magistrate the other day for speeding. The
magistrate asked his occupation. "IJheu
inatisni," replied the prisoner. It was so
When you think of it. he was probably
not far wrong. anything will keep a
man occupied it is a pet trouble like rheu
matism or indigestion. (Jive it a chance
and it will make other mundane matters
relatively unimportant. It will prove the
most exacting of occupations.
It has one advantage over the ordinary
ones; hard limes can't interfere with it.
Every factory in the world may close, hut the man who makes his disease
his occupation need not work. His occupation will not bo touched. It
will always lie open, beyond all "chance and change of the unsteady plan
ets, l.ut it lias the advantage that it tends to grow more and more
onerous. A man begins, say. with a little light and easy employment at
indigestion. His hours at first nre reasonable. Soon he discovers that
he must pay more attention to it if he would do the thing ri"ht. He
gives it several hours a day additional, lie begins to think about it at
odd times, lie fore he knows it he is occupied with it for practically all
his waking hours.
By J. K. ADAMS, M. D.
The suit on the left Is made up of a gray cloth, and it worn with lynx
fur. The collar and the cuffa are of corded silk In black. Tho suit on the
right Is of dull green broadcloth, with trimmings ot silk and silk eo
Melodrama that is really high class and
artistically presented will never lose its
hold on the playgoing public.
(iood melodrama will never lost its
popularity, because it is founded on basic
principles that appeal to all human beings.
It amuses men and women, beguiles them
from morbid introspection, takes their
minds off their troubles and contains no
degrading lessons. It also goes right along
in the old nnd approved channels, reward
ing virtue and chastising vice, and getting
the plaudits of the good people who make
up the. audience. High-class melodrama
will be os popular 1,000 years from to-day as now, even if by that time,
they have invented a new name for it.
By E. F. BOSTICK
ored buttons. .
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