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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 2, 1909)
PLANS FOR CONCRETE
TEAM a &
FOUNDATION OF SILO
Bulletin from Dairy Division of the Department of
Agriculture Given Detailed
Powers, R. G.
Laying of the Foundation.
6Jrt , Ji
For Little Miss
' ! Av.t
The accompanying illustrations and
description of a silo built on a fo
ment foundation are taken from bulle
tin 130 of the dairy division 1'ntted
States department of agriculture.
To lay out the foundation, drive a
Blake In the ground at the center of
the proposed alio. Saw oft this Blake
at the height desired for the founda
tion wail, which should bo at least
one foot above the ground on the. high
Bide, If the ground la sloping. One end
of a straight 2x4 inch scantling, a lit
tle longer than la necessary to reach
from the center of the silo to the out
Bide of the foundation wall, should he
nailed on tho outside of the stake
with a 40-penny spike. This spike
then marks the exact center of the si-
down straight, and to leave the bot
The concrete should be made of one
put cement, three parts sand, und
live parts broken stone. The broken
stono may be of all sizes, up to pieces
that will pass through a two-Inch ring.
Washed gravel, broken brick or
screened cinders may be used In place
of broken stone. If the gravel con
tains sand, the amount contained
should be estimated by screening
some of It. and the proportions of
gravel and sand should be so adjust
ed as to conform approximately to the
For mixing tho concrete, a box
about four feet wide, eight feet Ion;;
and one foot deep, may be used, or a
I 'It)' tt'i TI-'r'T j-1 minTT ill'-""
Mohlstad, L. G.
McCree, R. T.
By Julia Bottomley.
More attention has been given to
children's millinery within the past
three years than ever before. The re
fult Is a greater number of designs
to choose from. This branch of the
Milliner's art was neglected because it
was not profitable to the milliner. Hut
now the manufacturers of hats have
begun to produce numbers of pretty
and Inexpensive shapes, which may
bo quickly trimmed, and tho milliner
has been able to show a variety , of
models at a price which her patrons
Nothing will ever supplant tho plain
"Hat" in felt as the most popular of
hats for tho little girl at this season.
Next to It are the bopnet-like hats, the
Mushroom shapes, with drooping brim
nml full, soft crowns. Two of these
pretty and childish models are shown
in Figs. 1 and 2, In tho first a soft
c ow n of velvet Is very cleverly mount
ed to the brim. Six box plaits laid at
efuially distant intervals are slashed
to that a collar of Boft ribbon is run
through them and is finished In a rib
bon bow at the left side, toward the
hack. The same ribbon Is plaited in a
mine about the brim. Little original
touches, such as there are in trim
ming, are more valuablo in making
children's millinery than any amount
nf elaboration In work.
Fig. 2 shows a felt hat, faced with
v.hlte molro silk. A velvet crown is
t it clod with a crushed collar of silk or
libbon, finished In the simplest of
lows. A finishing touch appears In
the two velvet cabochons which are
NEW AND DAINTY.
mounted at the front In place of metal
ornaments. A "beehive" shape Is
shown In Klg. 3, which is covered with
tiilk. The silk Is shirred to tit tho
shape of the crown, and the brim pre
lously covered with silk, is finished
with a plaited ruffle of this material.
A rosette of ribbon or hemmed silk
makes tho decidedly pretty finish at
the left side. A knotted rope of gilt or
silver brightens the model, laid over
the brim and tacked down at intervals.
The plain and perennially fashion-
f.ble felt flat is shown In Fig. 4. A
concession to the vogue of full crowns
is shown in the "Tarn" crown of velvet
which surmounts a large full puff. Dias
folds of velvet, shirred over a wire,
form a big, spreading low at the left
front and coiup'ete the model, which
embodies the best features in chil
A felt flat which is soiled may often
be successfully cleaned with gaBolIne.
A certain softness in the brim is desir-
able, but if this lapses into "floppl-
iiess" the brim must be supported by
one of several methods employing
wire. Ilrlms which droop prettily are
much more elegant looking and much
more becoming than a stiff, straight
biim can ever be.
Only very simple trimmings are In
good taste for children. The models
shown here demonstrate that only tho
simplest are needed. Ribbon above all
else, in the plaiu, soft weaves and hav
ing a high luster, is the best material
to choose In decorating a hat for the
' " J
A ... . rtyL
IninVI iti fin -imiiv--x " - "--3
Form for Foundation Above Ground.
lo. From it, measure off on tho scant
ling tho distance to the Inside and
outside of foundation wall, and, hav
ing nailed on markers lay off tho foundation.
The thickness of the wall should
vary from 10 to IS Inches, depending
upon the size of the silo, tho material
of the foundation, und tho ground on
which it is located. Tho iuslda of the
foundation wall should bo at least two
Inches nearer to the center of the silo
than the inside of tho staves. Where
the ground on which the silo is to be
located Is not level, tho markers can
be lengthened by holding a longer
board against either marker moving It
lip or down to keep it touching tho
simple floor or platform six by ten
feet will suffice. To measure the mate
rials nn empty barrel (preferably a
cement barrel) wfth both ends
knocked out will be most convenient
First measure up sand enough for a
batch of convenient size, and spread
it on the lloor or platform. Measure
up tho cement, spread it over the
sand, and with a hoe or shovel, mix
them until no streaks appear. This
mixture is then built up into a low,
circular pile, with a crater-like basin
in the center. Into this crater pour
water, and, by drawing in the dry
mixture from all sides with a hoe, mix
thoroughly, adding more water if nec
essary, until the hoe will leave the
i ..... ,.-.-, "V V-M
Pickering, F. B.
r - Ml
fcAou-f 1.?. A'lTr1J
WHi lift imiii taiiirf itiiimih iftfrtir-i-iiyniar-fifTh
Rademacher, R. E.
Here Is something new and .dainty
In a fall shirt made from cream do
lalne with plaited fronts and sleeves
and finished with a linen collar cut In
points and embroidered with self color
dots. This collar is bordered with a
very narrow edging of real Irish lace
and the bodice is filled in with a
tucked collar and chemisette of white
lawn. A pretty finishing touch Is giv
en by a gray-bluo silk tie made with
BLOUSES OF DRESDEN SILK
Many New and Effective Deslgnt
Have Been Introduced by the
Ferslan silk Is artfully utilized bv
many blouse makers for the founda
tlon over which dark chiffon falls.
The lovely design of this silk Is elu
sive in us color ne. ami its nnrpr.
talnty adds a charm which Is always
striven for by those who shun flagrant
or conspicuous tones.
One underblouse of Persian Rilk In
which green and mauve are veiled
with a silver light Is especially beau-
tirul under a black chllTou bolero.
This is braided with black
and falls to the top of a folded girdle
of silk. Long silk sleeves are draped
at the top with chiffon, and emerald
uunons ornament the front and back
of the girdle and the outer line of tho
sleeves. Tiny black satin loops and
u siiiHii cravai nnisn this blouse.
Persian silks are rising In favor be
causo of their two colored effects, mak
ing it possible to wear one blouse
wnn two dirrerent suits.
"S rM rflr
r " ' jfe"' Stewart, R. G. Walker, L. T.
Form Filled with Concrete. ' rf sr-w
V t ' ?d . : ' : ' ' ' j , ;S J
ground while the scantling i3 held lev-
fl. If Iho ground is very uneven, it
may be difllcult to make the lino con
tinuous, In which case points can bo
marked every few inches, and these
For a concrete foundation, a ditch
must be dug before nny of the earth
In the center is removed. The earth
between the two lines that mark the
inside and outside of the foundation
should be taken out, until firm ground
below frost tine Is reached, care be
ing taken to cut the sides of the ditch
mortar without the mortar clinging to
It, nfter which the mortar is spread
out on one end of the platform. Now
measure up tho broken stone or
coarse gravel. Drench it with water
to wash off all particles of dust, and
dump It on the wet mixture of sand
and cement. The final mixing Is dono
by shoveling the material back and
forth until It 13 thoroughly mixed. It
should be shoveled at least threo
times. The concrete is now ready for
use, and should be put In place with
as little delay as possible.
GOOD POULTRY HOUSE PLAN
The tailors will again Introduce the
plaited frill at tho wrist of coats. This
was tried onco before, but met with
little favor. The American woman in
sisted that the frill annoyed-her and
that she could only stand it oarlab-'
orate afternoon costume3. . ; .. , ...
The French women have bpeji.we.ot'
Ing It all summer to mntch the plait
ed frill they wore at the front of their
blouses, but the French women adoro
plaitlngs, ruffles and furbelows, and it
must be admitted that these garnish
Ings do not Bult altogether the Anglo
Two New Fabrlce.
Among tho new materials with fnn.
clful names are the Thai nm ar,A
Alaska crepe. Iloth of them are quite
effective, but they have nothing sug
gestive of their names In the tPvtnma
However, we have such a variety of
iuoncs mis year mat It must be diffi
cult to get names for all nf h.m.
and we are adopting tho old French
method of using the name of the hour
for our garments and our textiles.
.. The richness of the Ion velvet
tuhy be almost repeated lu velveteen.
uihjs material and corduroy are both
too ueaumuiiy mauo to oe scorned.
Velveteen never seems Hke nn. 1ml.
tatlon but like a more durable quality
of velvet This It really i. since th
weather has no 111 effect upon it and
because It will outwea any velvet
that may be bought.
MAIN ROOM. 8 X 10
Having heard a great deal about the
virtues of open-front lien houses, also
the drawbacks, and being about to
ttilld one of some kind, I determined to
build one that would give plenty of
Iresh air without drafts, and yet not
take the chances of getting up of n
morning lo find It drifted full of snow,
writes W. II. Shay in Farm and Fire
side. After dun deliberation I
built one that seems to mo to exactly
till the bill.
This house Is 20 by SO feet, six feet
Ugh at tho rear (north) nnd seven
nml nnn.hnlf nt the front. Tho scratch
ing shed Is eight by eight feet, with
an open front. The hall shuts off nil
tho wind. Tho nests nre under the
dropplng-board (in front), with a door
to let down, to . prevent egg eating
The lit) feet of perches accommodate tt)
hens. ' The ventilator, nuukrd V in
the illustration, given an outlet fo'
loul air. Thero are threo windows i
the main room one on the west anc
two on the south bide.
Olio foot of forest leaves in tin
main part and one foot of dust in the
scratching shed gives plenty of exer
cise. This house gives nil that can
be desired In the way of a hen house
and at little cost; it is battened tight
and covered with metal roofing.
Plymouth Rocks are nn American
production, nnd seem especially suit
ed to our manner of growing poultry.
They are easily fattened for market,
and nre not Inclined to bo wild; in
fact, they possess almost all the good
qualities and have very few faults or
defects. The very fact of their being
raised in such numbers Is sufficient
proof of their popularity.
No man can afford to pitch hoy by
hnml. No man can afford to plow
with a walking plow if It is practlea
ile to us;; a sulky. No mnn can af
ord to uo a double-shovel cultlvatoi
'f It Is practicable to use a double cul
lv:ttor. Improved machinery pay
sood profit on the luvfettiucnt
Pettijohn, L. E.
Stevens, R. H.
LIPTCS TO CHALLENGE
FOR ABA'S GUP
wwah..j....... -i-i i ini-vnjT.ru-inju"uij-ij
no definite statement could be made
regarding its acceptance.
Leading members of the club held
the opinion that the old racing rules
should govern contests for the Ameri
Sir Thomas Will Send Yacht to Race
This Country's Best In
Sir Thomas Llptoli will challenge
for a race for the America's cup to be
sailed In 1911. Sir Thomas made this
statement just before railing for Eu
rope on the steamer Lusitania.
Sir Thomas has been here for sev
eral weeks to learn the attitude of
the members of the New York Yacht
club ou the question of modification
of the rules governing the America's
cup. What assurance, If nny, he re
ceived Is not known,
before sailing, Sir Thomas said:
"I will challenge for a race in 1911.
I am sure the New York Yacht club
will give the question full considera
tion. I believe they are just as anx
ious as anybody else for a race. I
would have challenged for a race next
summer had It been possible to get a
boat ready in time.
"If the New York yachtsmen Insist
on a chnllengo under the present
ruk'B c"vprn'"K International cup
races I would stand no chance to win,
and that would not be sport, I shall
Issue my challenge with the Jargest
typo of boat to conform as far ns pos
sible with their Ideas."
'Members of the New York Yach:
club snld until Sir Thomas' challenge
had been formally laid before them
Plan to Revise Race Rules.
During the Saratoga race meeting It
wns common gossip, because of cer.
tain unpleasant happenings arising ouf
of selling races, that the rules of rao
ing would this winter be amended et
as to be of the same character as thq
rules existing on tho French turf
Complaints were frequent that high'
priced horses were entered In Helllnn
races which vfie intended only for a
very moderate class of race horses
In order to obviate this the method
current in Franco, which nermitj
horse owners or others to claim
horses out of selling races before thj
races are run, will be proposed anJ
may be adopted.
Kroh First on Holdout List.
"I will never play baseball again 11
I urn compelled to go back to Chlca
go," said Floyd Kroh, the southpaw
of the Chicago Cubs, In a Cincinnati
Interview. "I was promised a certalj
bonus when I signed with tho Cubi
j In the spring, but when the time cam)
I for paying off my envelope was destl
I tuto of the amount I was to have re
I dived. I don t know or care 'wher''
I'm sent In 1910, but you can put dowi
a little bet that next season will uo,.
! find me ut the West side park In Chi
cngo as a resident player, no mattei
!f staying away from there keeps nn
jut of the game entirely."
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