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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 25, 1909)
CONCRETE HOUSE FOR
SHELTERING AND FEEDING
A Plain Coiffure
Ulittf of I ho Most Useful Applications of Cement Is Seen la
th Erection of Farm Iiulldlngs Ily
II. S. Chamberlain.
By W. CAREY WONDERLY
(Nor of the most iiKcful applications
rArUuatl cement In farm economy
Mt ic the construction f build
tncs far tfce sheltering uutj feeding of
twinr. dt was tho good fortune of the
vrifer strieml summers ago to aid In
tfoaatag and construction of such
niMian on the farm of U. F.
ttrr lis Stark county, O. As con
wrt payed an important part In the
rwctlua of this building, it may pos
UUf to f iaterest to know how tilts
awtkasir hog bon.se was built.
! Tfc ground plan dimensions are 18
:U fnti. The foundations are made
W t layers or tiers of heavy, build
he ta stl on top of finely crushed
i4ms, fitting a trsnch about 2.C feet
4mn Tta deth of foundation prac
iaMj jpreutji any upheaval from
avail Lt winter, writes if. S. Cham
hesWw iA Farmer's Rovlew. Tho
H'ce eteen thosit foundation walls
m Ci0c4 uj, even with the, top of
M BnA tier of the wall tiles, with cob
iM otaaras jdeked up in the fluids.
'vS4:,SS,Sfcw An Sminyiftf fcv about
rd tetfion of float fj v
"Wtasae aJtoties were tamped Into place.
tf men of a heavy block of wood,
fw pcv-fTtlion for the application of
ferst layer of concrete. The con
n mixture comprised ou part of
ttmtcvt, two parts sand and three
parts fcrstel well incorporated by first
nsiates In Om; dry state and after-.-anki
thoroughly remixing with the
pett ataount of water to make It
sH'ijssI well in laying the floor. Ia or
iBer lo insure proper drainage to the
Hear. tUs concrete was laid six Inches
Jkp al the front to a depth or four
Wfacs at the rear, thus making n
etot U two Inches to tho floor In a
fiutasNx of 1C feet. On the top of this
Sat layer of concreto was placed a
att Lath Rurfaci' g of a 1 and 1 mlx
tnr; ctf cement and coarse, sand. This
yme Iianler and firmer surface than
W tlatr Brst deposit of concrete had
tani left txfiosed to line as a floor
I Hwaeier. the most interesting aud
WHERE OX TEAM
, Die use of oxnu in logging opera
twoa in tho great forests of pi no aud
tardtwonds in Arkansas and other
.farts of the south is nlmott as coin
axtm today as in the earlier period of
9tar lamber industry before the Intro
imtikm of tram roads and modern
.issduneiy for skidding and loading
fte cot timber.
Morse of tho larger lumber manufac
raring runcerns in Arkansas have
tares or four hundred head of oxeu
a ntantiy employed in handling the
fj ttvm the interior of the forests
toiitt) loading places. It is found that
'jchc patient animals are much more
rrsice&ble than mules or horses for
-gUa particular purpose. What they
4acic la quickness of movement they
mmv than make up in other respects
inotarr advantage In using oxen In
a3ias operation Is that lu the for
4Mt rrions ot the south the natives
are to handling them aud prefer
titana til liorses or in'iks. The anl-SMSn-MuIre
little (arc- and attention.
Mfy m'M titanil nn rnormous amount
tt burj work. and. by doubling teams,
gftwt lids of h-'S "'.ay he hauled up
a a wir.vn.
'Hi f ox drivers In I In Ai'.ins:i: for
vco ij-pical natives v. ho possess
convenient finturt of the concrete
portion of this hog building is the con
crete feeding trough which fa an In
tegral part of the fluor. Four feet
from tho front wall Is this concreto
trough. A temporary mold was con
structed from Inch bourds. Only tho
outside form was used in making the
trough; the interior was shaped by
means of trowel and finishing tools
without the aid of retaining walls.
The Insldo and outside of the trough
Is coatod with a 1 and 1 mixture of
cement and sand to render it imper
vious to water and thus bar leakage
of fluids poured into it.
At tho middle portion of this trough
Is a partition, built in during tho proc
ess of construtlon, for tho purpose of
making two receptacles In one.
The frame work of this building for
swine lo tuadtf of CxC inch sills with
4x4 inch corner uprights 10 feet high.
The rest of the framework is filled in
with 2x4 Inch studding and rafters of
tho same size timber. Tho material
used In the frame Is, oak and maple.
Concft floor on colrtrtoA fcondofntrt
The siding is pine laid on iu ship lap.
In the interior are two wooden par
titions dividing tho floor space Into
three parts for convenience In feed
ing and rearing pigs of different ages.
At the front portion of tho interior
is a four-foot wide gangway from
which the animals aro fed. Junt
above tho trough are suspended two
gates from the Joists overhead. Those
are arranged so nn to swing forward
and back over the trough to facili
tate feeding. When the pigs aro to
be fed tho gates aro freed by meaus
of a latch and aro swung inward, thus
placing the trough In the entry so
that It mny bo cleaned out and the
food placed In it without loss of tem
per and patience on the part of tho
farmer. When the feed is put into
the retainer, the gate is swung bad:
towards the entry room and the hun
gry animals then have a chance to
get In place by a vertically acting
many interesting characteristics. In
most cases they are young; men. It Is
said that a good ox driver has tho
making of a good logging num. It is
the Ilrst step in nn Industry that re
quires the exercise of much skill and
Fertility of Swamp Lands.
Swamp lands have ofleTi proved un
favorable for agriculture, even when
well drained and fertilized. From the
Investigations into the subject in the
extensive swamps of the I'nlted
Stales A. Dnchnowaki concludes that
the loss of fertility Is due, at least lu
part, to the presence in bog water
of substances poisonous to plants.
They seem to be produced by Imper
fect oxidation end decomposition of
proteins and related bodies and it is
possible that in respiration bog plants
may differ from others. After the
land has been exposed to the air fur
a time the fertility i.j restored by ox
idation of the harmful products.
Kcelrg Apples In Winter.
Apples hav been found to Uecr
better il' wcl' colored nml ripened
thoi:i,li int. overripe. Picking rhoult
not b" d'. 'I'vcd till tv," fruit coin
liirnee-. to fa!!.
The plain coiffure, void of curl or
wave or puff, Is very pretty and stri
king, and fortunate arc those who
can wear it. Fair ones with a plenti
ful supply of hair, as well as good
looks, will find this variation of the
Greek style (so much In vogue), just
suited to them. It requires a bead
band and a pair of wido combs to hold
it well In shape. The band is a sort
of small shell coronet and answers
tho purpose of supporting the side
hair and adorning the coiffure us
The hair Is parted off for this coif
fure as for n pompadour. The portion
combed back is tied at the base of
tho head and twisted into a coll, fast
ened with pins.
That portion of the hair combed for
ward Is to bo parted in the middle.
The shell coronet is adjusted to the
TO KEEP FACE IN CONDITION
Quality of Towel Used Is an Impor
tant Consideration Proper Care
Of Brushes Employed.
Always use a soft linen towel for
wipiug the face. The hands are the
best medium for washing; rough
cloths are an abomination to a deli
cate skin and coarsen It, besides har
boring germs and impurities detri
mental to tho cuticle. In addition the
soft palm gives n gentle massage,
which is especially grateful to a tired,
nervous face. A cloth, however, Is
necessary for laving the neck; for this
purpose nothing is better than cheese
cloth, which is exceedingly cheap and
ran bo frequently renewed. These
cloths bhould be boiled out at least
once a week and must bo thoroughly
dried In the open air.
The same amount of care should be
given to the face brush; It must be
rinsed in hot water and put on the
outside window ledgo to dry. A good
catuels hair faro brush, which is
neither too Foft nor too harsh, can be
purchased for $1, and if properly
cared for will last for years. Once or
twico a week a good skin food should
be applied with mnssago to prevent
wrinkles; this is done after the scrub
bing. TUSSAH SILK WAIST.
Illouse of tussah silk trimmed In an
original way with fagoted bands of tho
same material. The jabot is of the
silk and lace.
Tho sleeves, trimmed to correspond,
have a tucked strap of tho silk on the
outside, finished with the lace.
Taupe Is tho leading shade of plain
mesh veils, and those made of a wiry
thread In the large, hexagonal stylo,
ire usually becoming to the complex
ion. Another mesh veil, of finer
Aeave, Is covered with flat welvet pas
lie, square in shapo and scattered
over the surface at close Intervals.
bead before the front hair is combed
to place. After adjusting the coro
net the hair at each side Is brought
back over the coronet. The ends arc
rolled under to form an additional
support for the hair, and it is fast
ened to place by means of rather long
6idc combs aided by hair pins.
If the hair 13 very heavy, It is not
necessary to roll the ends under, as a
support at the sides. A pretty effect
Is produced by crossing these ends at
tho back above the coil and Anally
fastening them under the coll. Tble
coiffure has no advantage over those
that ore curled and waved, but obvi
ously it saves time and if becoming
provides acceptable variety from niort
elaborate modes. It rests the hah
also, when too much curling or wa
ving shows signs of spoiling the nat
ural gloss or making it uneven.
GREEN SHADE MOST ADMIRED
Color Being Universally Made Up Into
Uroen Is to be a most popular shade
this winter, nml, in fact, there is
grave danger of its being too popular,
for the fashionable shades are all on
the vivid order, and also were seen
In considerable number last winter.
For the moment it is the color most
in demand, and both In the emerald
and peacock shades is made up into
the smartest and most elaborate even
gowns. The embroidery on tho mate
rial, worked in silk and with colored
stones, Is most elaborate and effec
tive, but must be most carefully car
ried out In order to avoid any too
startling or extreme effects. Just how
to accomplish those two so widely
separate ideas requires great skill,
and, in fact, a green gown modeled
after the latest designs requires the
skill of an artist in dress.
Designed Her Chiffonier.
Iioxes lor many things are needed
by the woman who makes elaborate
toilets. That fact has inspired at least
one woman, known always ns bright.
A chiffonier that adonis her home
is one she designed, it has three
tiers of drawers of varying sizes, cov
ered with line Japanese matting that
matches the cretonne and wallpaper
of her boudoir. One drawer has n
compartment for three lengths of
gloves, each holding six pairs in or
der. Then conies n separate place for
soft neckwear. In a row, as if the
owner had a fondness for alliteration,
are the compartments for handker
chiefs, hosiery and hair.
A Massaging Hint.
Too many women make the mistake
when massaging the face to treat the
face only. 1'osslbly they manipulate
the throat slightly, but that is all.
All massages should be carried well
clown to the bust line, as this strength
ens tho muscles that extend into the
face, throughout their entire length.
Another Important spot for massag
ing is around the ears and down tc
the edge of the shoulder. Here it is
that lurk the first signs of advancing
age, yet strange to say, it is the spot
most often neglected, though much
can be done to prevent wrinkles and
that withered look by careful manipu
lation. The New Stone.
Now that we are to wear col
ored crystals and all manner ol
seuii-preclous stones this winter at
brooches and buckles on turbans at
well ns buttons on fur coats. It Is in
terestlng to know of any new crystal
The last addition is the olivine, am!
It will be quite the fashion. It Is ol
a pale shade of green with nn under
lying tone of yellow.
Green for Dining Room.
A green rug Is said to bo in the best
taste for dining room.
Just why Is not stated, but probablj
owing to the tendency of the da
toward dark-linl.s'iicd rooms wlthwhicl
no other rug except red would go wel
And they say the red rugs fad.
"Surely, you know how I love you."
Be persisted.. "Why, my every thought
and uctiou is of you!"
The woman nt the piano shook her
pretty brown bead. While her back
as toward him, something told her
tie was posing. Somehow Valeska
was forever posing; his every move
ment was studied and artificial, und
she was tired of foreigners. In three
months one tuay even grow tired of
Rome. Ou the spur of the moment she
decided to go home back to America
and at once.
"Cicely!" The man's voice was a
caress. "Cicely, 1 love you."
"Please don't" She put up a hand
between them. "Won't you understand
that it cannot be? Much as it pains
us both, I must tell you that I cannot
marry you. Why go over It all again?"
He retreated to the far end of the
room, and sat down, quiet and
abashed, like a chidden child. Cicely
could scarcely repress a smile. Vni
eska was so ridiculously funny when
fell into one of his naughty-boy
"Oh, you will get over it, nion ami,"
sLe laughed. "Come, help me get the
tea things ready! My friends will
be upon me directly like a pack of
hungry wolves "
Valeska helped Her arrange the
table and mnke the little thin siloes
of bread and butter into pyramidal
piles, but when the Leo X. urn was
purring like a happy cat, he reached
for his stick and gloves.
"Not going?" cried Mrs. Fairfax.
"Au revolr," she laughed. And the
next moment he was gone.
Cicely glanced around the room,
taklDg in every detail. Its artistic lit
ter pleased her. She could never
bear to see tilings just right.
"Now for Ned," stie smiled, arrang
ing a few violets In her gown. "Hut
of course he will not come," she
A few minute's later Miss Hoblns en
tered the apartment. Roberta Hoblns
A Suppressed Laugh Came from the
Direction of the Music Room.
was a painter of miniatures, young,
good looking, successful.
"What's up'.'" she nsked, seeing Mrs.
Fairfax seated alone in state.
"Oh, Valeska again. He proposes
ns regularly as the sun sets. I nm
going back to America just to escape
"Pretty wido'. s with generous In
comes do not grow on bushes," re
marked her friend, dryly. "You must
try some other plan than going back
to America. Why not marry Ned Ran
dolph?" "Ned Randolph has long ago for
gotten a pretty widow with more
money than brains."
"What rubbish!" Miss Robins
helped herself to a slice of bread and
butter. "Of course you will marry
Randolph, Cicely. He Is awfully fond
Mrs. Fairfax shook her head. "I
tell you Is Is no use. Hobble. He has
long ago become disgusted with this
frightfully frivolous widow."
"I'll wager anything that you marry
him before June," cried Roberta.
"Now, you know, Cicely, you are fon.l
of Ned. And you can't deny that he
followed you nil the way Iron) New
York to Rome. Now, my dear girl, I
have the greatest idea a sure way to
patch up everything between you and
Ned Randolph. You know you have
treated- Ned shabbily, dear girl."
"Well, we'll let It go at that," sighed
Mrs. Fairfax, pouring the ten.
"You must nsk Valeska to breakfast
at the Casino Wednesday utornlag "
"And give him another chance to
propose? Thank you, but 1 muc h pre
fer not, Hobble."
"And lose Ned forever?"
Mrs. Fnirfax played with the tea
cups. "Certainly, a breakfast with
Valeska does not sound Inviting," she'
"Hut Ned Randolph," cried Miss
Robins, dangling the prize before her
"Oh, welf, go on, ask Valeska to
breakfast Wednesday morning what
"At the Cnsluo?"
"You will breakfast on the bal
cony overlooking the new golf links
-tho south balcony, you know. Of
nurse you will be particularly fawlu
at:t;u. coipiettljii, laughing, you kuow
W. U. Cli-ii-iiiiiu.)
what I mean, and you must make Val
eska ask tho eternal question"
"Aud he'll get the eternal answer. I
"F.xactly. You will tell him the
plain truth--that you love another
namely, Ned Randolph. You will give
Valeska to understand that you have
been merely using him as u pastime
that never for a moment were you
serious, and that now you -are only
waiting for Ned to come and take you
back to America. Hush, not another
word! Here comes the piinclpessa
Martonl and her American daughter-in-law.
Don't forget, Wednesday,
tho Casino, at noon." And she had
gona before Cicely bad another chance
to approach the subject
When on Thursday morning. Rob
erta Robins entered Mrs. Fairfax's
drawing room, gay with its many daf
fodils, and scented with the breath of
Tarmn violets. Cicely knew by the
steely glitter of her friend's eyes that
there was goinx to be a scene.
"Of all the Idiots!" cried Mlsa Rob
Ins, shaking a forefinger at tho pretty
widow smiling up at her from among
the cushions. "You will end your
your days in a mad-house, Cicely Fair
fax. What did yon do yosterday
morning at tho Casino?"
"Why Valeska was there, 'pen
"You played golf all morning, for
hours and hours and hours you golfed.
I was nearly insane!"
"Hut the temptation was too great,
and besides, the golf links ara the
.flnest in Italy. Oh, Hobble, you should
'see Valeska play"
"Never mind that longhaired mon
key. What about the breakfast oa
the south balcony?"
"Hut tho chef at the Casino is not
equal to the links, Hobble. We break
fasted at Maurice's."
"And golfed at the Casino!"
Mrs. Fairfax affected a childlike air.
"I fail to see why I am to bo draw s
and quartered simply because I pre
fer the chef at Maurice's to the chef
at the Casino."
"Hut I said"
"You said 1 was to ask Valeska to
"at the Casino," Interrupted Miss
Robins, "and while you' nml Valeska
were falling into Gibson poses on the
links, I was holding a Hon nt bay in
breakfast room No. 5 at the Casino.
It was all I could do to restrain him!"
Miss Robin's ey?s Hashed.
"Hut to breakfast with a lion!" Mrs.
Fairfax shook her head. "Roberta
"The Hon "vas Ned Randolph,"
snapped the artist, jumping up and
going to the balcony.
A shuffling noise came from the
"You breakfasted with Nod
Randolph, Itobbie?" The widow bur
ied her faco in the cushions. "Wasn't
that a strange way to show your friend
ship?" "Oh, you haven't a grain of sense,
Cicely Fairfax! 1 had It all arranged
nicely. You and Valeska were to
breakfast on the south balcony, Ned
and I in room No. r, directly in back
of you. Aud Valeska was to propose,
and you were to tell him about how
you adored Ned, aud Ned was to jump
through the window and clasp you iu
his manly arms, and and instead
you played golf!
"Hut 1 didn't Know" apologized
"To-morrow we must repeat the per
formance, only, this time you break
fast at the Casino."
"Hut I have an engagement with the
l'rlnclpessa at noon tomorrow "
"It's all off. I'll tclejphone her!"
Aud beforo Cicely could restrain her,
Roberta bad dashed aside the curtains
of the music room door.
Ned Randolph, standing behind them
like a silly school-boy, had tho grace
to blush. Hut Cicely Cicely buried
her face In the pillow and laughed.
"Ned! Cicely!" Mis Robins turned
from one to the other. "You heard?"
she demanded, flushing.
"F.vcrything. It was ugly of me,'
Hobble," Randolph spoke up. "You
will forgive me?"
"And you knew and played golf pur
"And Neil kept running (o the win
dow," came from the depths of the
chair. "Scold him, too."
"I must plead guilty," laughed Ran
dolph. "You see, Hobble, wo remem
bered bow you played the same little
trick with Marian Herring and young
Ashby at Newport last summer," cried
Cicely. "And 1 couldn't help having
a little fun"
"So you two were there! oh, my,
and I had forgotten. Hut it 'took'
then. Marian married Ashby."
"And Cicely Is aoing to marry Ned,"
laughed Randolph. "She Is tired of
being a merry widow, aren't you. little
"And you. Bobbie, what are you go
ing to do?" said Cicely, ns she made a
buttonehole for the man's coat
"Me?" Roberta Jumped up and
straightened her hat. "Oh, I am going
to finish my interrupted honeymoon.
Valeska and I only came up froyi
Florence to help straighten out a lit
tie affair of our friends. Really, wu
arc the most unselfish creatures alive.
Y'ou must couio and seo us. Wo have
a charming studio near tho Lung
'Arno. Hut I rnnst run. Vally i
waiting for me at the Natlonato. Au
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