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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1909)
GREAT LOVE STORIES
By ALBERT PAYSON TERHUNE
VIRGINIA AND ICILIUS
lUipj right bj
A 15-year-old girl la 449 B. C.
trough liberty to Rome. The price she
paid was her own life. The girl was
Virginia. Her fate forms one of tho
most romantic, dramatic love stories
In all history.
Rome was In those days swayed al
ternately by two great political par
ties, the wealthy aristocrats known
as "Patricians," and the plain peo
ple, who called themselves "Plebei
ans." Appius Claudius, a patrician,
had persuaded the Romans to elect as
their rulers a Decenivlrate (council of
ten men), with himself at Its head.
This council had crushed the liberties
of the people. The plebeians had for
merly been represented (and protect
ed), by two elected officers, called tri
bunes. But the office of tribune had
been abolished. Appius Claudius and
his favorites were allowed to misgov
ern the city to suit themselves.
Some miles outside the walls one of
Rome's two armies wa3 encamped. In
this army was a brave plebeian named
Lucius VIrglnlus, who had risen to
the rank of centurion (captain). He
had one daughter, Virginia, whom he
adored, and who, In her father's ab
sence, remained at the centurion's
house at Rome under care of her old
A Schoolgirl's n"rae' YounS as
Lover. ene was Virginia
had alseady fallen
In love with her father's friend, the
brilliant young orator, Icillus. The
two were betrothed, although Vlrgluia
was still a schoolgirl.
Appius Claudius had seen Virginia
passing to and from school and re
solved to make her his 6lave. He
dared not seize her openly. So he
told Marcus Claudius, one of his hangers-on,
to claim that she was one of
Marcus' own slaves, stolen from his
house in early childhood. The case
was to bo brought beforo Appius, who
would give Judgment in favor of Mar
cus and later receive the slave from
him as a gift. Accordingly one morn
ing, as Virginia was hurrying to
school, Marcus and his servants ar
rested her. Icilius rushed to his
frightened sweetheart's rescue. By
his fiery eloquence he stirred up tho
anger of the townsfolk against Appi
us. A mob threatened the tyrant,
forcing him to modify his first plan of
deciding for Marcus. He agreed,
plausibly, to postpone tho heartng of
his case until the next day, so that
VIrglnlus could be present-to testify
In his daughter's behalf. Then Appi
us sent secretly to the army, ordering
Its generals to prevent VIrglnlus from
The banks of the River Cydnus, at
Tarsus, were lined with a gaping
crowd one day in 41 B. C. All eyes
were centered on a barge that slow
ly made ita way'upstream. This ves
sel's like had never been seen. The
hull was covered with beaten gold.
The oars were of silver, and swayed
in time to the soft throb of music.
The sails were of purple silk and so
richly perfumed that their fragrance
reached the shore. On a divan, under
a cloth-of-gold canopy that covared
part of the deck, lay a woman, red
haired, decked out In priceless Jewels
and arrayed to represent Venus. Boys,
dressed as cupids, fanned her. On
either sido of her divan reclined cour
tiers, apparelled like mermaids, demi
gods and other mythical personages.
The red-haired beauty on the divan
was Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt. She
was sailing to Tarsus to confront a
stern Judge Mark Antony, ruler of
half the world.
Rome had grown mightily since the
days of the early kings. It had now
long been a republic. Julius Caesar
had strengthened and enlarged the
state, making himself dictator of most
of the civilized earth. He had been
slain by assassins. Mark Antony,
his closest friend, had formed a league
with Octavlus (Caesar's nephew), and
together they had punished the assas
sins and made themselves masters of
Rome. Antony, the stronger of the
two, seemed about to oust the young
Octavlus and seize the reins of world
empire for himself. But while he
was in the east something happened
The "Judge" ",at wr,ecked, al!
" Turn. Lover. hIa 8 f n d ' d
queen of Egypt, was accused of hav
ing aided Caesar's slayers. Antony,
at Tarsus, sent for her to come to
trial on that charge. Knowing An
tony's weakness where women were
concerned, she came, not like a pris
oner, but as a goddess. At sight of
ber as she sailed up the Cydnus An
tony forgot his resentment, his of
fice as Judge, his hopes of world mas
tery. From that moment he was the
red-haired queen's abject slave. Turn
ing his back on Rome, he went with
her to Egypt
There the man who had won death
less renown as general, statesman
and orator entered on a life of lux
ury and wild extravagance. He not
only pardoned Cleopatra, but pro
claimed her" his wife (despite the fact
that ho already had a wife at Rome),
lavished his fortuno upou her, and
gave her rich provinces and kingdoms
that belonged by right to the Roman
republic. Tho two lovers liuld feasts
that were the scandal of . Uv woi'luV
At one of these CloopaViv, dissolved"
and drank a mtlllon-doIla.pBajk.They
wandered (disguised as workman aud
leaving camp.. But a messenger from
Icillus reached the father first, and
VIrglnlus hastened to Rome. Next
morning ho and Icillus brought Vir
ginia before Appius.
In vain the father and . lover ap
pealed for Justice. Appius, without
waiting to hear the evidence, decreed
that the weeping girl was Marcus'
slave. The people clamored against
this wicked decision and attacked the
man who made it. Appius summoned
his guard to beat back the crowd.
VIrglnlus saw he could hope for no
redress either by force or by law. One
thing alone could save Virginia from
a life of slavery. The father's resolve
was quickly taken.
During the confusion VIrglnlus drew
his daughter to one side, clasped her
to his breast and whispered words of
tender farewell. Ho kissed her again
and again and stabbed her to the
heart! Brandishing the reeking knife,
he strode across to Appius Claudius,
"On your head be the curse of her
Icillus, wild with grief, snatched his
dead love's body in his arms and held
It aloft that all might sec. Tho mob
went mad with rage. They brushed
aside the guards and charged the ty
rant's Judgment seat. Appius fled to
his own house for safety. Meantime,
VIrglnlus, still gripping the red knife,
hurried to the army and told what had
occurred. Icillus mounted a fleet horse
and galloped to where Rome's other
army was encamped. Lashing the
troops to fury by his passionate ora
tory, he led them back to Rome. There
they Joined the army which VIrglnlus
People and soldiery alike took pos
session of tho city. The Decenivlrate
The Clamor for wa? overthrown
Venfleance. fnd t3 emLe
old popular government was resumed,
with Icillus and Virglnius as tribunes.
Appius Claudius was thrown into
jail. There (whether by execution or
suicide Is not known), he met his
death. Virginia was avenged.
The pretty, harmless little girl who
had been slain on the very threshold
of lire and lovo did not die in vain.
From her blood sprang liberty and the
people's rights. Yet the pathos of the
sacrifice so far overshadows the ben
efits that It has kept alive the mem
ory of Virginia, in song, story and
drama for nearly twenty-five hundred
chambermaid) into the slums by
night. They pretended to be a god
and goddess and made their flatterers
adore thine as such. Antony's ene
mies at Rome, headed by Octavlus,
made the most of all this to weaken
the former hero's power. Once or
twice Anthony was roused from his
lethargy and, returning to Rome, tried
to forget Cleopatra. But always he
hurried back to her. His wife wa3
dead and. lie married tho sister of Oc
tavlus. But he soon deserted her and
Finally Octavlus, seeing that the
once mighty leader was no longer to
bo feared, declared war on him and
Cleopatra. Then for a moment An
tony's former martial genius flared
up. He met Octavlus in n great sea
battle off Actlum. Cleopatra sailed out
to witness the fight. As the two
fleets clashed Antony's Rkilfnl tactics
seemed about to defeat his foes. But
suddenly Cleopatra, for a mere whim,
ordered her galley to leave the battle
as If she were In panic flight. An
tony left his warships to take care of
themselves and hurried after ,er, fear
ing she might be wounded. His fleet,
being leaderless, was easily put to
rout by Octavlus. Antony's last chance
was gone. He realized what a fool he
had made of himself. For three dayB
ho sat alone In despair, his head in his
hands, and none dared come near him.
Then he crept once more to Cleopatra
The fickle queen saw that Antony's
cause was lost. So she wrote to Oc
tavlus secretly, offering to make peace
with him. Octavlus answered that
she could best please him by killing
Antony. She knew Antony's character
and his wild, weak worship for her
self. So, instead of murdering him
outright, she had
word sent to him
that she was dp.nl
Antony has lost all for love of her.
Now ho thought he had lost her, too.
So he stabbed himself. Dying, he was
carried to Cleopatra and breathed his
last In her arms, whispering vows of
eternal devotion. Cleopatra tried next
to capture Octavlus' heart. But Cae
sar's nephew was shrewd and cold
blooded. The charnis that had so eas
ily wop Antony had no effect on him.
He declared he would make Cleopatra
walk In chains behind his chariot
through Rome. Sooner than do this,
the unhappy woman hilled herself by
poison, forcing a deadly serpent to
sting her arm.
Octavlus relented to the point of al
lowing her to bo burled by the sldo of
tlio man who had thrown uwny honor,
fame, power and life Itself for her
An International weather rode will
soon be In use the world over.
CRADLES OF ROYAL INFANTS
Babies of European Monarch Have
Had the Privilege of Sleeping in
Very Expensive Beds.
Royal infants have the privilege at
sleeping in very expensive and luxu
rious cradles. Tho cot in which the
queen of Holland's baby sleeps Is the
one in which her own infant days
were passed. The queen of Italy has
used for her children a magnificent
silver cradle, presented to her by the
princo of Montenegro. It is solid sil
ver, and weighs over 40 pounds. On
the top may be seen tho arms of Italy
and Montenegro, and at tho bottom
a laughing cupld. Tho cost of the
cradle was more than $3,500. The
cradlo in which tho Empress Kugenlo
nursed the prince Imperinl was de
signed and carved by Froment Meu
rice. Tho body is In rosewood, inlaid
with enamels, surrounded with old
silver ornaments and chiseled bronze
garlands. At the head is a statue in
silver of Old Purls, holding the Impe
WHIRLING WHEEL ILLUSION
Two Interesting Illustrations Showing
How Easy It li to Deceive
No. 1. If the illustration Is cut out
and moved by hand In a small circle
on the level, with such motion as Is
given In rinsing out a bowl, the circles
Circles Appear to Move.
of the larger diagram will seem to re
volve In the direction in which the pa
per is moved, while the cogs of the
smaller diagram will apparently turn
slowly in the opposite direction.
No. 2. Here is another combination
of the clever Illusion of the whirl
ing wheels: If a rapid rotating mo
tion is given to the diagram, each cir
cle will seein to revolve, and the cog
wheel in the center will appear to
move slowly round lu the opposite di
rection. GAME OF FORBIDDEN LETTER
Interesting Amusement That Any
Number Can Participate In It
Is Also Very Instructive.
The idea of this gamo is to try
how many sentences can bo spoken
without containing a certalu letter
which has been agreed upon. Suppos
ing, for instance, the letter "f" is not
to be introduced, tho first player
might ask: "Is this a new game to
you?" The second player could an
swer: "Oh, no! I played it years ago
when quite a youngster."
He would perhaps turn to the third
player nnd ask: "You remember it, do
you not?" The third player might an
swer: "Yes, but we used to play it differ
ently." This player, having used a
word with an "f" in it, must pay a
forfeit and remain out.
The answers must be given at once,
without hesitation, and the player
who avoids for the greatest length of
time using a word containing the for
bidden letter wlus the game.
What Royalty Costs.
Royal families are expensive luxur
ies, as John Bull's national balance
sheet for the year ended March 31
and issued the other day as a blue
book shows. Besides the personal in
comes of the king and queen annui
ties are paid to the royal family as
Prince of Wnlos $100,0no
Princess of Wales 50000
Princess Clirlntlun ai.noo
1'rlncoss Louise 3,(fio
Duko of CnnnnuRht J.'.lilHO
Duchrss of Kilirilmrgh .KUM
DuvhfiM of Albany s.i.qoii
PrlnroM Honry of Uattenbrrn 20,000
Trustes for his mitjt-sly's ilaiijjli-
Their mnjeslies' privy purse wns
$350,000. Salaries paid to his ma
festy'a 1 onychoid and retired allow
meip, Jiil'D.CO!). i::; cures of lilt nn
"sty. aims and r;eclil fuuk-e.t
.iLoui'ti il to tiij.!;C0.
BILL, THE MULE.
OKI Pill didn't like a loud of two,
So If two roilo lie ulwnya threw
One off In a creek tliut ran clone oy,
Another lio'd tons In tin old pis sty.
It wasn't the welRlit of his tiunmn loud
That old RIU inlndt-d; but tliut two rode
Bin moil like Imposition to lilm, you
So that was the rcniton he always threw
Otit oft In tho creek tliut ran i'Iuro by.
And the other one Into the old pig sty.
CCCK FIGHTING GAME AMUSING
Two Boys Only Can Participate at a
Time, But Will Keep Rest of
Company In Laughter.
This Is a most amusing game, and
although only two boys can play at It
at one time, they will keep tho rest
of tho company in roars of laughter.
Tho two who are to represent the
"cocks'" having been chosen, they are
both seated upon the floor.
Each boy has his wrists tied to
gether with a handkerchief, and his
legs secured just above tho ankles
with another handkerchief; his arras
are then passed over his knees and a
broomstick is pushed over one arm,
under both knees, and out again on
tha other sldo over the other arm.
The "cocks" are now considered roady
for lighting, and are carried into the
center of tho room and placed oppo
site each other with their toes Just
touching. The fun now commences.
Each "cock" tries with the aid of
hia toes to turn his 6pponent over on
his back or side.
The one who can succeed In doing
this first wins the game.
It often happens that both "cocks"
turn over at the same time, when the
fight commences again.
BABY OSTRICHES ARE NOVEL
Mother Bird Sits on the Eggs During
the Day and the Father
at Night. .,,
There nre many little ostriches
hatched near Phoenix, Arizona, a cor
respondent in that town writes, to St.
Nicholas. The old birds sit on eight
to ten eggs, vvhlch are very large,
weighing from three to four pounds
each. It takes about six weeks for
the eggs to hatch.
Sometimes when it ralus tho eggs
aro taken from the nest and put in
large Incubators, as the ostrich will
not tit on a wet nest. Tho ostriches
nre very different from chickens. The
mother bird being gray, cannot be
teen In the day time, nnd the father
being black, cannot bo seen very well
tit night, so the mother tits on tho
nest during the day and tho father at
night, which helps to hido the nest.
Tho little ostriches aro about tho
t lze of a bnuUm ben when hatched
and are very delicate. If they get
wet they die. When first hatched they
nre not fed very much for a week.
Later they get all the alfalfa grass
nnd broken bones they want.
They grow very fast, and when sii
months old they are six feet high,
nnd their pretty feathers are then cut
from their wings. They aro full grown
when one year old, but do not lay
eggs until three or four years old.
The Child Critic.
"Tho child," says a writer in the
Pally Chronicle, "Is a natural critic.
It was nt a Lyceum matinee; scene,
lied Riding Hood's Nursery,' and lit
tle Miss Marjorle Carpenter Is retir
ing to bed. The tiny actress takes off
a dressing gown, and caressing the
Inevltabio .Teddy Bear, simulates
f!;imbpr. The M'.rnce tf the i-ccno lu
suddenly broken by a surprised pro
test in n fcln'lll boyish voice, 'Oh. muni
iny, she's gone to IkmI with her IxnN
on' That yo;:r.Rtcr !;.).. Id f. !'cv n.
William Archer' Uv. t . rc..:' !..y
HAD A BETTER SUGGESTION
And, Coupled with the Unchaining of
the Dcg, It Was Carried
"Well!" demanded the stern-faced
woman as she leaned over the red
handled broom, "what do you want?"
"Idy," said the wayfarer, with the
long beard and matted hair, "I'm an
actor by profession and in hard luck."
"Well, what have I to do with that?"
"Why or I was thinking if you
could spare me a quarter to get d
shave and a hair cut I could get a Job
In the role of VIrglnlus."
"Oh, that's n poor excuse," she said,
with a curl of her thin lip. "Go up to
the town without a stiavo and a.hnlr
cut and get a Job In the role of Rip
And before he could say another
word she started to unchain the dog.
Case of Loneliness.
Knlcker Why does ho keep so
many servants, do you know?
Becker He got 0110 girl because It
was so lonely for his wife, aud an
other because It was so lonely for the
cook, and the third because it was
lonely for cook nnd tho waitress.
"Do your cows glvo much milk?"
queried the fair summer boarder.
"Bo they?" echoed tho old farmer.
"Say, Jlat ntwecn yew an mo, they
glvo fo ull fired much that we diloot
lh' well water wo sell tew th' campers
with It." Chicago Dally News.
Home is the place a married man
stays whllo they are cleaning bouse at
Ever hoar ot n man getting rich by
following tho advice given In books on
Mm. Wlmlnw'a Hootliluu lyran.
For children tdpllilntt, nrtxni tha gunit, ro.iucfi to
tuuuiiUou, ll) tuln, euro Iml co.lu. ittc uuiUa.
A homely truth Is belter than a
Lewis' Sinplo Hinder ciftir. Original In Tin
Foil Smoker l'licknue. Take no cubatitule.
Great men do not drop out of the
sky in evening dress.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
It the best of all medicines for the cure of diseases,
disorders and weaknesses peculiar to women. It is the
only preparation of its kind devised by a regularly gradu
ted physician an experienced and skilled specialist in
tbe diseases of women. '
It is a safe medicine In any condition of the system.
THE ONR REMEDY which contains no alcohol
and no injurious habit-forming drugs and which
creates no crcing for such stimulants.
TI1E ONE REMEDY so good that its makers
ore not afraid to print ita eyery ingredient on
each outside fcottio-wrapper and attest to tha
truthfulness of the same under oath
It Is sold by medicine dealers everywhere, and any dealer who hasn't it en
(Set it. Don't take a substitute oi unknown composition for this medicine or
known composition. No counterfeit is as good as the genuine and the druggist
who says something else is "jukt as good as Dr. Pierce's" it either mistaken
r Is trying to deceive you for hit own selfish benefit. Such a man is not to bo
fin too. lie in trifling with your most priceless possession your health-
cay be vour life itself. Set that yon get what you ask for.
The Wizard of Horticulture
Hon. Luther Burbank
sayi: "Delicious is t gem the finest
apple in all the world. It is the best in
quality of any apple I have so far tested."
And Mr. Burbank knows.
Delicious is but one of the hundreds
of good things in Stark Treei the good
things you should know about before you
plant this fall or next spring.
Let us tell you about them by writing
to-day (or our complete, illustrated price-liit-catalogue
whic!. describes our corn-
plete line of fruit trees, ornamentals, etc.
For complete information address the Sales Manager el
Stark Bros., N. & O. Co., Louisiana, Mo.
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You Should KnowfcM
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during tho summer. Fewpoopleknow
bow valuable it la In dyspepsia, catarrh,
and as a general tonto.
Many thousand ponnds of this root arc
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W. N. U., OMAHA, NO. 44-1909.
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