The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911, October 18, 1909, Image 2

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7 n
jHKKK comes (roni Iiostou the suggestion that
l'io Free Masouu of the world shall subscribe to
n fund for 1l:e rebuilding of Iho temple of Sol
onion nt Jerusalem. With the suggestion amies
Iho remark that the undertaking would be an
enormous one, and that It. would cost a vast
fum of money. This is obviously true, but it 1h
highly Improbable that those with whom the
tcheme originated have really counted the cost.
That some idea of the magnitude of the pro
posed work may be gained the comparatively
few figures that can reasonably be given will
be found below, together with many facts that
(further inii.itnr.l.e the gigantic sum which it would be nee
(esKiry to collect before the great building could be rebuilt.
The Interest, of Free Masons In the temple is explained
by the fad that they believe that, their order was founded
Iby King Solomon, und that, he was the first grand master
of the craft. There is not only the (mention of ways and
weans to no considered. The site brlglnnlly
occupied by the temple is now filled by the
M VlZmyi ' 1 IaI 1
1 H " '""""""""'"''""i J
VI c ? 11 1 ra2a! If x 1
M i l Si?4!S5 1 -it $1
4 n felf i11 '
, ? II
Harem -EHli-Shereef,
"the noble sanctu
ry," which to the
Moslems is only less
eacred than Mecca
find Medina, for It is
believed to cover
the rock that is re
garded by them as
the center of the
earth, the place from
which M a h o in e t
plai ted when he vis
ited heaven. There
fore It la obvious
that any attempt to
Interfere with the
present condition of
things would in all
probability bring
about the greatest
religious war the
world has ever
I Gathering the
' Workmen.
( Solomon asked Hiram, king of Tyre, to
iiclp' Mm in tJio construction of tho temple,
find desired him to send some of his subjects
with his own to Mount Lebanon to cut down
timbor, "for the Sidoniuns are more skillful
fhan our people in cutting of wood." He also
offered to pay tho woodcutters whatever price
Hiram fixed. Hiram replied that lie would
tie subservient to Solomon in all the things.
And have many large trees of cedar and cy
)roBB wood cut down, and would send them by
eca in float to the place appointed for them
io be delivered, bo that they might bo taken
Jo Jorusaleui. In consideration of this servlco
Solomon sent Hiram annually 20.000 corl of
wheat, the sanio of barley, . and as mnny
"baths" of oil and of wine. The quantity of
wheat and barley was each equivalent to
l.COO.000 gallons, or 200,000 bushels; while the
quantity of oil nnd wine was each equivalent
lo 160,000 gallons. The latter would therefore
be equal to about 3,500 hogsheads.
, Solomon raised a ievy of 30,000 men to cut
Umber. They were divided Into three Bhtfts.
.Ten thousand went to Mount Lebanon for
one month and were two months at home.
There were 70.000 men who carried the stones,
mud there were 80,000 stone cutters in the
mountains. These men had 3.300 foremen
Btone cutlers quarried enormous blocks, sev
eral cubits each way. for the foundations and
fitted them together before they were taken
to Jerusalem. In this work they were aided
by workmen sent by Hiram.
There is no special record of the men Hi
ram furnished, unless they are Included in the
above which "Solomon had in the mountains"
(I Kings v. 15). H 18 not known bow many
'men were enguged In the actual building of
the templo. There Is a tradition that Solomon
was helped by "demons." fur which reason
not a sound of building operations was beard
In Jerusalem during the time that the con
dtructlon of the temple lasted.
Cott of the Labor.
If the men of the king's levy hud an eight
lour duy at 16 centB an hour, the weekly wage
bill was approx
imately $80,000.
and the total
for this class of
workmen for
three yearB was
There is no
record of the
other 70,000
and 80,000 be
ing worked in
shifts. At the
same rate, the
wage bill of
the 70,000 bur
denbearera was
$5GO,000 a week
and $G7,:iOO,000
for three years.
Oiving the
80,000 hewers
the same rate
of wages, the
weekly bill was
$640,000, and
for the three
years $90,740,
0011. This does not
include the
wages of the
under story was five cubits broad, the
middle was six cubits, the top Reven cu
bits. The height of each Btoryfrom floor
to ceiling was five cubits (1 feet). The
number of side chambers is not stated
in Kings, but Ezekiel gives it at 30 (or
33) for each story. They were small,
used for the storage of temple furniture,
etc. The temple was surrounded by a
court "the inner court." This was sur
runded by a wall of three courses of hewn
stone surmounted by a course of cedar
beams. The entire citadel was inclosed
by the great court.
The building was CO cubits long, 20 cu
bits wide nnd 30 cubits high. The temple
was divided into two portions the main
building, "the house of God," and the sub
sidiary buildings by which it was sur
rounded. The main building was rectangu
lar in shape 60 cubits long, 20 cubits
broad and 30 cubits high. Taking the cu
bit at IS inches 90 feet, 30 feet and 43
feet respectively. The building lay cast
nnd west, with entrance from east. The
walls, according to K.ekiel, were six cu
bits thick (nine feet to ten feet). On the
second story they were 5',-i cubits, and on
tlie third story live cubits, and above the
upper story four cubits.
The Holy House of the Temple.
The accompanying photograph of the
Explanation of Diagram
Hrldse crossing Tyro
poron valley.
House of tho Forest
of Lebanon.
-(1 KIiirs, 7:2-20.)
Poiible passage.
Judgment hull In
which was tho throno
nf the kin;.
Triple passage.
King's palace.
Outer templo porches,
with the gates running
round all shies and
forming a siuiare.
Outer court, or Court
of the Gentiles.
Twelve steps leading
10. Chel. Terrace with
openings between the
posts, uml inscriptions
that no Ucntllu should
puss them.
11. Itulldlng with three
wings and three stor
ies high.
Mlddlo court.
13. Fifteen steps to the
High gate (14): on the
steps "The I'salm of
Degrees" (Psalms 1J0
i:U) was chanted.
14. The High gate.
15. The Inner court, di
vided Into the Court of
tho Israelites and the
Court of the Priests.
16. Tho two pillars
Jachln nnd lionz (1
Kings, 7:15) in front
of the porch.
17. The templo proper.
18. Middle Tower.
19. The House of Mlllo.
(2 Kings, 22:20.)
20. Part of the palace.
21. Stables, as conjectured
by Homo authorities,
or more probably
stalls for beasts to be
used for burnt offerings.
3,300 foremen or the salary of Adoniram, who
was over the king's levy of 30,000 men. As
suming each foreman to receive $10 a week,
the bill was $33,000 a week for three years,
The total wages for all workmen included
in the above list for three years would be
The bearers of burdens would be required
to haul the materials to Jerusalem during the
building. If the whole 70,000 were employed
during the four years the cost would be $119,
630,000. If the 80,000 hewers were likewise em
ployed the cost would be $133,120,000.
If the 30,000 men were employed as before
in 10,000 men shifts the cost would be $16,640,
000, making a grand total for labor of $226,
240,000. This takes no account of the carvers, gild
ers, artists, workers In precious stones, mak
ers of priestly garments, or cost of materials.
As there was not tho slightest data on which
to base nny calculations, it would bo useless
to attempt to guess at the money needed for
these Items.
The Site of the Temple.
King Solomon's temple was built on the
site prepared for It by David, the threshing
floor of the Jebuslte Oman, on Mount Moriah.
The ana Inclosed by tho outer walls covered
about 25 acres of ground. After Solomon's
temple wns destroyed Zcrubbubel'8 was built
on its Bite. Later, Herod erected his temple
on the same Bite, but enlarged the boundaries.
After the destruction of this, Hadrian built
the temple of Jupiter on tho same site and
later Justinian built his church on the spot.
The site la now occupied by the Grent Mosque.
Solomon's temple was begun In the fourth
year of the king's reign, 592 years after the
exodus from F.gypt, 3,102 yearg from the crea
tion of Adam. It was Mulshed In the eleventh
year of Solomon's reign.
On the three Bides, north, west nnd south,
the temple was surrounded by a side building
In three stories containing Bide chambers. The
holy house of king Solomon's temple, which
is from a model made by Mr. J. M. Tenz, rep
resents the exterior of the porch of the temple
with the two great pillars, Jachin and Uoaz.
the former on the right and the latter on the
left side of the doorway. The meaning of Ja
chln Is "to establish" and that of Hoaz "in
strength." The porch Itself, according to the
description in 2 Chronicles 3:3 and 4, was 20
cubits broad and 120 cubits high, while the
height of the two brass pillars with their
chapiters was 23 cubits, so that the porch was
rather more than five times the height of the
pillars. This proportion, It will be observed,
has not been maintained In the model, which
makes the height of the porch only about four
times that of the pillars. In the court, which,
from its name, was reserved for the priests,
may bo seen the great altar of brass, which
was 20 cubits long, 20 cubits broad and 10
cubits high, with steps leading to it. On the
left hand side of the court Is the molten sea.
which was "set on the right side, of the east
over against the south" and stood on 12 brazen
oxen. It was probably furnished with water
by an elaborate system of pipes, which, how
ever, are not mentioned In the Ilible. In the
court, too, will be seen the 10 lavers. each of
which stood on a brass base, elaborately orna
mented and furnished with wheels, by means
of which it could easily be taken to nny pari
of tho court In order that tho water might bo
used for washing "such things as they offered,
for tho burnt offering." The water In the
lavers was also, probably, used for the pur
pose of washing down tho altar after tho sacrl
ilces had been offered, the bodies of tho ani
mals for which aro observed on the right-hand
Bide of the photograph, where, too, may be
seen the tables on which the various portions
of tho animals were laid in order to be cut up.
In the court of the priests, too, will be noticed
the priests concerned in the musical part of
the service. The musical Instruments used
for the singing of hymns were called "nablae
uid cinyrao" (psalteries and harps), and were
made, according to Josephus, of "electruin,"
Toung Cuest It seems to me that
you don't object to the mosquitoes
tinging in your room.
Old Guest You bet I don't Why.
when the mosquitoes are singing I
can't hear the glee club practicing oa
the piazza.
When to Send Children to Europe.
Some people wait bo long before
ending their children to Europe
the little ones are humiliated by others
who have already been there. Every
eelf-respecting parent will be careful
not to Bubject hia children to this evt-j
dent injustice; at the same time all1
unseemly hurry is to be avoided.
Some people argue that as soon as
child can walk well and speak a few
necessary French words, he should be
placed in a stateroom, next to a
private bath, and sent to Paris. Oth
ers feel that be must naturally lose
much at this age, and that tho proper
time is be -eon five and six, when
as an American he has reached bis
Probably the ideal age Is about four.
At four a child can easily do England,
France and Italy, and get home in
time for the first night at the opera.
Judge's Library.
the finest brass. Josephus gives the number
of these as 40,000; but he also gives the num
ber of trumpets, which may also bo seen being
blown by priests, as 200,000. One of tho great
est modern authorities gives it as his opinion
that theso numbers were grossly exaggerated
by Josephus, who, in his view, exaggerated
the number of all the appurtenances of the
temple where there Is no biblical authority
from which he could not get away and by
which ho was tied down rigorously.
Golden Ornaments and Vessels.
The golden ornaments Included the great
candlestick with seven lights, symbols of the
divine presence, seven being the number of
perfection. Ten reduced copies of this candle
stick were made and ranged on each side of
the altar of incense. Hestdes these there were
the nrk to hold the tables of the law, the table
for the shewbread, candlesticks, censers, tongs,
snuffers, knives, extinguishers, trays, vases
nnd other utensils for trimming and making
the lights and fires, in numbers unknown;
also basins, spoons, censers, entry for the
house, inner doors of the most holy place, and
the doors of the house of the temple.
The molten sea was so named on account
of Its size. It stood In the southeast angle of
the court of the temple, was 10 cubits In dlam
ettr (15 feet), five cubits ("Mi feet) high and
30 cubits (15 feet) In circumference. It was
said to have been capable of containing 2,000
"baths," or 16,010 gallons. It was made of
brass or copper captured by David from Tib
hath nnd Chun, cities of Hadarezar, king of
There wero 10 lnvers, quadrangular in
shape, supported on wagons four cubits long
four wldo nnd three high. Kach wagon stood
on four wheels, Hi cubits In diameter. Tho
lavers were used for the water with which tho
entrails of the beasts used for burnt offerings
were cleaned, and uIbo their feet. The lavers
on the wagons came nearly up to the level of
the great brazen ultnr.
The extraordinary popularity of fine
white goods this summer matas the
choice of Starch a matter of great im
portance. Defiance Starch, being free
from all Injurious chemicals, is the
only one which is safe to use en fin
fabrics. Its great strength as a stiffen
er makes half the usual quantity of
Starch necessary, with the result of
perfect finish, equal to that when the
goods were new.
Reaching Life's Goal.
If you want to be somebody in this
world you must assert your individ
uality and assert it In the right direc
tion, so that it may lead to a goal of
honor for yourself and be an example
for others. Find out what you ought
to do, say to yourself: "I must do it,"
then begin right away with "I will do
it," and keep at it until it is done.
Don't abuse the rich; we can't all
be paupers.
Children Like
It is to pleasant to take stops the
cough so quickly. Absolutely safe
too and contains no opiates.
All Drag gitti, 20 cent.
Cost of Railroads.
Last year $56,000,000 was spent by
the railroads of the United States for
cross ties. The average price of the
ties was CO cents. Forty-three per
cent of the ties were of oak and 19
per cent of yellow pine. Owing to
the growing scarcity of suitable tim
ber, other woods are being used after
treatment with various preservatives,
and it has been found that these
treated outlast the more expensive
untreated oak ties.
The Fox Who Had oLts His Tall.
A, fox caught in a trap escaped with
the loss of his brush. Thereafter feel
ing his life a burden through the rldt
cult to which he was exposed, ha
schemed to bring all other foexs into
like condition with himself, that in
the common loss he might better con
ceal his own deprivations. He as
sembled a good many foxes and pub
licly advised them to cut off their
tails, Baying they would not only look
much better without them, but would
get rid of the weight of the brflsh,
which was a very great inconvenience.
Rut one of them,' Interrupting him,
said: "If you had not yourself lost
your tall, my friend, you would not
thus counsel us." Aesops' Fables.
Seek to Thwart Cupid With Money.
A young New Mexican wants to
marry a girl with money enough to
help him pay for a ranch. A Los)
Angeles aviator watns to marry a
girl with money enough to set him
up in flying machines. Both of these
men mean well, but there never was
a bigger fool in the world than tho
fool who speculates in matrimony.
Marry tho girl for the girl's own sake
and tor no other reason under the