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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1909)
SAFETY SHOES FOR CONVICTS
Californian Invent Footgear That
Makes It Impossible for a Pris
oner to Escape.
A shoo which will make impossible
the escape of convicts while being
transported from one point to another
has been Invented by a Californian.
The idea carno to him after suffering
on several occasions through the pro
trusion of holmails through the heel
of a boot in need of. repair.
The device consists of a heavy leath
er shoo, with a perforated sole to
which s attached a second Bole of
Kteel plate, jointed bo that the whole
will bi nd wltth the usual motion of
the toes and foot. Hiveted upright
Sue tirSpr.i. ,l.t
Convict Safety Shoe.
to this steel sole are sharp spikes,
placed in such a position that they
will enter the perforations of the
leather sole, but kept from ordinarily
doing so by crossbars with a series
of steel springs on either side.
The wholo contrivance Is fastened
to the nrlsoner's foot by means of
metal straps, held secure by a pad
lock. With the crossbars In position,
the prisoner can walk in the shoes a3
In ordinary ones, but once he Is placed
on a train or other conveyance, the
officer releases the crossbars and
locks them in such a position that
they cannot be replaced between the
spikes and perforations without a key
VALUABLE CONCRETE TESTS
Investigations of Its Strength When
Variously Prepared and Subjected
to Certain Conditions.
The increasing use of re-enforced
concrete as a building material has
led to numerous Investigations of its
Btrength when variously prepared
and when subjected to various condi
tions. Perhaps the most elaborate se
ries of tests Is that now being carried
on by the United States geological
survey, which has recently published
t Bulletin 344) a preliminary report on
lie subject. A full report, with a
thorough analysis of the results, will
be published after the 52-week tests
The attompt has been made to
bring out the comparative value of
gravel, granite, limestone and cinders
Tor use In concrete, and the effect of
age and consistency on the strength
and on the stiffness.
No attempt has been made in this
preliminary report, however, to gen
eralize the results of the tests, or to
draw any conclusions, however war
ranted they may appear from an exam
ination of the test data. It is hoped
(hat the matter presented will provoke
dlBcusBlon, and In order to promote
this end extended expressions of opin
ion or attempted applications of theory
to results have been avoided. A run
ning commentary on the results of the
tests, however, emphasizing matter of
particular interest and Indicating a
tew points that might lend to Interest
ing analyses. Is Included.
The bulletin, which is by Richard
h. Humphrey, may be had free of
charge on application to the Director,
United States Geological Survey,
A Steel Canal.
In connection with the Nile Irriga
tion system, at Wadl Kom-Ombo, a
Bteel canal. 5,100 feet In length, has
been constructed to distribute water
from the service reservoir to the earth
canals. In section, this metallic ca
nal is seml-clrcular, 20 feet broad and
J 8 deep. It is made up of 17 sec
tions, connected by expansion Joints,
and the riveted steel plates of which
It consists r.re six millimeters in thick
ness. During the construction the en
gineers were troubled, among other
things, by the unequal expansion of
the metal. The expansion was great
est on the side where the sun hap
pened to shine full upon the plates,
and tho Inequality was often sufficient
to displace the end of a flection about
to be joined as much as four Inches to
one side or the other.
Highest Chimney In World.
The loftiest chimney in tho world
was recently put Into nervlce at tho
large smelting works at Great Falls,
Mont., where It will servo to carry off
the gasee from the greater part of the
large plant. The chimney, which Is
built of brick, Is COti feet In height
above the ground. It Is DO feet In di
ameter at the top, and Increnses grad
ually in diameter to the base, Bays
Scientific American. The flue includes
a dust chamber In which vertically
hung wires servo to take out the dust
from the Bir.olie. The dust Is removed
from the wlrrs by shaking mechanimn
and falls in hoppers In the floor, from
which !!. is lo.id-d Into cars In a
POWER CF A BIG NAVAL GUN
Progress i it Ordnance Illustrated by
Comparison of Ancient and
Modern Arms of Warfare.
Lieut. A. Trevor Paw son, R. N.,
M. Inst. C. K of Messrs. Vlckeis,
Sous and Maxim, in a recent lecture
to the Junior Institution of Kngineera
in London, illustrated the progress in
ordnance by a comparison of a 12
Inch muzzle loading gun of about 1S61
and one of the latest breech loaders.
The 1SC4 gun defeated plates of 1 fl
inch thickness, while. 62-Inch wrought
iron plates would b required to re
sist the projectile of the 1909 gun, and
those would be altogether useless
were capped shot used. In other words,
the penetration of wrought Iron of the
old gun at its maximum range of 0,000
yards was only eight inches, whereas
the modern gun at four times this
range 21,001) yards can penetrate
17.5 inches of wrought iron. Notwith
standing the great advance in power
the weight has only been trebled. In
other words, the energy developed per
ton of gun is more than doubled, while
the rapidity of fire within a given
time is quadrupled. The 1SGI gun con
sisted of a steel barrel and a wrought
iron forged breech piece strengthened
by five superposed layers of wrought
ron coils, each layer, except the
last, being shrunk on In two portions.
The 1901) gun consists of an inner
tube, called the A tube, over which
is shrunk the B tube, this H tube be
ing In two portions. Around these
tubes are wound at varying degrees
of tension a number of layers of wire,
commencing with 12 layers at the
muzzle and increasing to SO at the
breech end. Tlie length of wire used
In this operation Is about 130 miles.
The wire Is protected and the gun sub
stantially strengthened by the addi
tion of a C tube and jacket. Nickel
steel Is used for the tubes, with the
exception of the jacket, which is of
FIRST BERLIN AUTO-HEARSE
Germany Somewhat Behind United
States in This Branch of Auto
Germany is somowhat behind the
United States in this branch of nuto
mobile utilization, although far In ad
vance of our and all other countries
In her different types of war automo
biles, says Popular Mechanics. Nearly
every large city in the United States
can claim at least one automobile
. 1 .... . . 'l-fi
First in Berlin.
hearse, hut the one shown In this il
lustration is the first to make its np
pearance in Berlin.
DRIVING OUT WORN SPURS
Cut the Hole Smaller and Make the
Twist Part Fit Tightly, Crowd
Worn spurs on wood bits cut the
hole smaller than the bit and make
the twist part lit the hole tightly
which crowds the feed and makes a
hard working tool. The best way to
remedy the worn spurs Is to bend
them out with u small nail set ot
Driving the Spurs Out.
punch driven by a light haijimer, aays
IUacksmlth and Wheelwright Tho bit
is placod on a perfectly level surface
and the spurs driven out bo that they
will be a little wider than the diam
eter of the hit through the twist part.
Experiments have recently been
made at Toulon with bliells intended
to Illuminate tin sea at a distance
from the land, thus disclosing the
presence and movements of an enemy
at night. The shells are made to
explode at a great height, and to give
light for a sufficient time to permit
an examination of the surface ot the
sea for several miles from the shore,
says Youth's Companion. The offi
cers In charge of the experiment re
gard the illuminating shells as more
effective than searchlights In disclos
ing the position of hostile ships. An
other form of shell has been proposed,
which shall, in bursting over the sea,
spread a cloud of thick smoke about
the batteries on shore, thus preventing
them from soelm; the approaching
ships, and rendering the Illuminating
Typhoid Fever Antidote.
A French chemist has recently pro
claimed that cider Is an antidote i'or
typhoid fever. The acid In it Is the
agent, as It destroys the germs. Cider
In Europe Is more generally used as a
beverage than in this country. Cer
mans appear to prefer cider after It be
comes Bour, but Americans usually pre-
' fer It while It is gvvout.
P u ' fwtm -ay
i.T . i'. : : . . i.' y . ' ( 'i iff - 'X - . IJi -V Aft .j.. X-
P I '
OR MILES and miles, as far i
as the eye can Bee, stretches
the cornland; heavy golden
wheat breaking upon a shim
mer of oats, and oats fading
to the whiteness of barley,
with never a hedge or a fenco between
jto limit the sense of distance. Here
land there a clump ot willows bends
jto the breeze; and here ana there a
mass of rock, scattered and seamed
lin all directions, rises above the crop.
For the rest, all is a glorious blending
of gold and silver burnished by radi
ant sunshine a plain of plenty reach
ing to the southern horizon. On the
taortu a line of dark forest sweeps in
a semi-circle, with a little gray vil
lage sheltering within one end of its
deep curve; and a mile away an ave
nue of plane trees, seen across the
waving corn and bleaching stubble,
shows where runs the straight high
roadthe road that takes one to Tarts.
The corn grows up to the walls of
the village, only a sandy track divid
ing them. Here and there a cottage
stands on the edge of the crop, em
bowered In vines that climb to the
very chimneys. Over the tun-baked
meadows are scattered llttlo orchards
of heavily-laden apple trees, and oth
ers crimson with plums; and every
whereat the cottage doors, among
the wheat, almost In the dust of the
lane rlso the feathery fronds of
asparagus. Popples and cornflowers
are mingled with the corn, and rosy
stained soapwort and the dainty blue
of chicory fringe the path. Here and
there tho vivid azure of borage gleams
above the general tangle of color,
varied with masses of pink-spurred
blossoms, not unliko columbine, but
even more "delicately fashioned and
tinted. The wenther has set In fair
and harvest Is In full swing. In the
great French plains machinery is still
tho exception rather than tho rule, and
tho rhythmic swish of scythe and
Blckle mingles with tho sighing of the
wind among the corn Btalks, and
makes a gentle music fitting for an
We seo a little plot of perhaps half
an acre actually enclosed, that is to
say, its limits are defined by a wav
ing green belt of asparagus; and with
In it an old woman, In the spotless
white cap which characterizes the
peasant of northern France, Is slowly
gathering together the reaped oats
with her curved hook and blndlug
them In little sheaves. Her son cut
her oats for her days ago, she b;ivb,
but It has been too hot for her to
work in tho field. Only to-day the
breeze has come, and by and by, when
be has finished carting yonder, Pierre
will help her again.
In the next Held, if one can say
"next" where everything seems to
blend Indefinitely, carting Is In prog
ress. Three big Normandy horses
wearing high wooden collars faeed
with brasswork, utand patiently under
a half-empty wagon from which the
men are pitcliln;; on to the stack; ;ind
the women and children aro gleaning
in the Btuhble. As , the day m .trs
on and they escape from their ho.ise-
hold duties more women flock to the
Ilelds, big, sturdy women, some of
whom turn up their Bleeves and how
to tho reaping with tho strength of
men. Others Join the gleaners. Hero
and there may bo seen an entire fain
ily, the father bard at work loading
or pitching, the mother and children
gleaning. They do not talk much
these harvesters; their work Is too ar
duous, but the little ones, chattering
in unintelligible patois, do not take
life so seriously.
The sun Is sinking In a golden hazd
that rises llko the dust from some
tremendous threshing floor, and the
white road to Paris la barred with the
shadows of the piano trees which Na
poleon planted to shelter his march
ing troops. Motorists ought to blrss
the memory of Napoleon, for, once off
the evil pavee which surrounds the
towns, there are uo roads In the ncr3
bo good ns those ho mado all over
France. Behind tho avenue of planes
are apple nnd pear trees laden with
fruit, and, although within reach of all
who pass by, apparently untouched
llther the little hoys of France are
of superhuman virtue or they get filled
to repletion before reaching the high
way. Coming from tho north, the Bun
ny road runs abruptly Into the for
est and is compelled to curve among
tho rocky ridges. (JIades branch off to
right and left, losing themselves In
the green twilight distance, and ex-
ept for tho murmuring of the leaves
utter Bllence reigns. Here and there
tho beeches give way to thickets ot
acacia and hornbeam, and sometimes
the tangle Is broken by a group ot
pines rising from tho needlestrewn
There is an atmosphere of legendry
about this ancient forest. It is not
difficult to picture medieval knights
or richly-caparisoned horses moving
In glittering procession between the
smooth trunks of the beeches, or a
merlin chanting incantations and
weaving ppells among the crags above
them. None of the trees Is very big
or gnarled, and yet the forest has
suggestion of vast age that is al
most terrible. Itefore the Huns swept
across France to their own discom
fiture, these woods were old beyond
telling. In the twelfth century they
held a ruined tower w lthln their green
walls, of which tho unwritten history
was utterly lost, and the ghostly mem
orles of all old France's sorrows seem
to have gathered In their rocky
It is a relief to turn under the
acacia and plunge among fallen trunks
and rank herbage towards n lighter
spot, whero open 6ky can be seen. A
grassgrown mound reveals Itself as
the" remains of a wall of rough-hewn
stones, nnd beyond it lies a clearing
bearing reassuring traces of human
ity. A crop of gre,en maize Is wav
ing luxuriantly In the breeze. Further
on are fruit trees almonds full ot
green nuts, standard peaches, apples.
some with heavily-burdened boughs
weighed down almost to earth, others
clothed with fluttering gray moss; and
only green with clumps of mistletoe;
and under these old trees tho grass
is hidden In a shimmering cloud of
harebells. Presently the Joy of har
vest will even penetrate the sadness
of tho forest. So when the Bun has
set, nnd twilight Is fnst creeping over
the vast plain, the village appears
once more. Tho straggling street is
full of color even after tho glow of
harvest fields. Old tiled roofs splashed
with orange lichens rise against the
darkeued forest Every Btep calls
forth an exQulslto picture. Rustic
homes nestle among trees, walled gar
dens of dreamy seclusion, leafy lanes
only lending to tho deeper leafage of
tho forest. Nothing Jarring, nothing
new; only a little village of old Franco
a gem of exquisite simplicity set In
the pure gold of tho corn. At llttlo
tables in the inn courtyard people are
dining or playing enrds in tho leisure
Iy way that obtains In tho country
while a horde of mongrel dog, vary
ing from an atom faintly Biiggestivo of
a griffon to a sedate moncter obvious
ly claiming relationship to a mastiff,
wander cnaually In and out among tho
tables and solicit scraps with eloquent
eyes or gently Insistent paws.
Abovo tho clatter of wooden soles
and chatter of homeward-wending har
vest-folk there arises a rumble of
heavy wheels. Up the street comes a
wagon piled high with sheaves, and!
drawn by two cream-colored oxen-
muzzled and bowing low beneath
ponderous wooden yoke.
O. K. MOORE.
His Use for Roll-Top Desk.
Former Indian Commissioner Le
upp, at a recent meeting of the Na
tlonal Educational asociatlon, said
that a certain old Indian had tol
him he wanted a rolltop desk. Asked
what ho wanted wl,h bucIi a thing
when he could neither read nor
write, he replied: ".So I could set In
Si chair, put me clgur In me mouth
bold me pnper up oeforo me face and
tell the fellers what come to see me
'(lit out; too busy to talk to you
A GREAT ANNOYANCE.
Kidney Disease Shows Many Painful
and Unpleasant Symptoms.
George S. Crowell, 1109 Broadway,
Helena, Mont., says: "I was troubled
with a disordered
condition of the kid
neys, some backache
and irregular pass
ages of secretions. At
times I was obliged
to get up out of bed
at night, and the
urine was unnatural
In appearance. On the
ndvlco ot a friend I
procured Donn's Kidney Tills and
began using tliem. This remedy helped
mo at once, strengthened my kidneys
and corrected the disordered condi
tion." Remember the name Doan's. Sold
by nil dealers. 50 cents a box, Foster
Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
It always worries an absent minded
man to think he can't remember what
It was lie was going to worry about.
New York Times.
Tjcn in' PitiRir I'mdi-r pivpstlie nimkf r whut
bo wants, a iu'Ii, inollow tnsting ciuujr.
Straw Used for Matches.
The straw of various grasses and
cereals has been tried and found sult
ahlu for wood In making matches.
The straw Is cut into two-inch lengths
by machinery, winnowed to obtain
uniform size, and then boiled In paraf-
linn, dried and dipped Into the mixture
of chlorate of potash, gum arable, etc.
for the Inflammable tip. Tho process
should, If adopted on a large scale, I
obviate the use ot wood and also glvo
an Improved match, with tho advan
tages of a wax vesta, at a very small
Pr. rtrrcc't IMrnwnt rrlltti regulat tnH Invlt
fnU Mmtmcb. liver fttirt Imvfr-lH. Hugur-coata!,
Ubj granule. Br Ui lkeicanur.
The eitraordlnary popularity of fin
white goods this summer makes the
choice of Starch a matter of great Im
portance Defiance 8tarch, being free
from all Injurious chemicals, is the
only one which Is safe to use on fine
fabrics. It great strength as a stiffen-
er makes bait the usual quantity of
Starch necessary, with the result ot
perfect finish, equal to that when the
goods were new.
UJO TShouH SiFlttidbiifDeclllIlt
Don't trust vour eves to pedlars and
traveling grafters. Call on us and we
will cxaminH your Eyr-n Free. W am the lar-
nntical m a iiu f act u rem hi tin miilille weM.
Hutcson UDticai v;o..
tuciur on ma rreiniMti
TAFT'S DENTAL ROOMS
1517 Douirtas St.. OMAHA. NEB.
RaUabl. D.n.i..r,.t ttoamt. Price
M V H Mr' priu. t'4uiu nr lime it
niwitp. htttitxl. rwitaiinllM. W ekULa
tnT where fnr f roe mauilnftllnn. No ds
Ctttl Writ ftr Mfbtrflsuo Utl Kbit off'
MARSEILLES GRAIN ELEVATORS
r the tt; Innlnt on hnvlug them.
Auk your loral tlrnlrr, or
JOHN DEtRE PLOW CO. OMAHA
Tkm Hoof with tht Lao
A II Nail Utadt ProltettJ
Hail and Fir Riting
A ik your d iiler er
SUNDERLAND ROOFING & SUPPLY CO.
Omtlia. I t l t I Nebruka.
"imtm rittvwni. ritr antl
Who.ile nm.i KiUI1.
DIAWfl Dl AVCD M 120 so.ieth st. out
I IMIIU I Lrtl Lll UUi le
citon Stare Omaha
Relic of Ancient Sculpture.
During excavations conducted near
Wlllendorf, on the Danube, by tho pre
historical section of tho Aiitttriun Na
tural History museum, a chalk figur
ine, 11 centimeters high, has been
discovered in stratum containing In
struments and weapons characteris
tic of the stone age. Tho llgurino
shows traces of having been painted
and represents a female figure with
remarkable precision of artistic exe
Many old men break down and be
come childlike- because they abandon
business, and thus lose much of their
c very-day interest In tho world around
them. It is not uncommon for old peo
ple to take up courses of study and
successfully pass through them. AH
such occupations serve to keep the
Interest alivo In something besides
mere selfishness, and do more toward
warding off "the blues" than all the
medicine In tho drug Btores.
It costs a man a lot to live up to
his Ideals. That's tho reason many a
man can't afford to get married.
New York Times.
Were we to take as much trouble
In being what we ought to b" ns we
tako In disguising what we really are,
wo might appear like ourselves, with
out being nt the trouble of any dis
guise at all. I.a Rochefoucauld.
Qualities to Cultivate.
Thoughtriilnoss for others, gener
osity, modesty, and self-respect are
the qualities which make a real gen
tleman or lady, ns distinguished from
the veneered article which commonly
mnaa )v tlia tiuma Tlimnna Wuvluv.
v lAfritn r liiliirni:i-JS-VK
II 1 1 IB l Inn mi VICTOR
siZSk MACHINES AN I)
Kdfc&DT4 Sl KECOKDS. Ind.-i.trn-
Sy-Z ll-l i-i;ilir Cylinder Kecnrila.
aaa ''UKJtf I'lann IMim-ra Cl.-ili.m
IN PIAN0S& ORGANS NIL
Art) ynn ir"tnf to bny a Pi a no or tyn! V m. h'tf
fr.uu Tli ItemiM. Ctunny. Omh. (The lnft
lrlnr- ot 1' !!) anil urtfkiu la IL wwt) uj
SCHOOL, CHURCH, LODGE or SOCIETY
(20,000 WORTH Of PIAHOS. 0H6AHS
The iWMim'tt t lnn any. Wrlt i"" f'T niuiUrai
ftittl IT liitfrrsitfHl ptt'iir on f Mitlr Krt 1'iftno
tM.hiihowintc nwrly l thfrrnl runoi Aiitl or
(Ann Ui iwlto( fn'ui. I'lauiu i.lpd varynlitr.
Sold on mij puuivut.
The Bennett Company, Omaha
G. E. SHUKERT
401-3 S. 15th St., Omaha, Neb.
Estab.1883. Moil orders Illlod.
IF VOU int ynur Imwmi llehi! ir .
ruinii VVi.--, run Crtnt hi ptirmto.
t-iiln-. Hrwlnir Mai-liinx, IVi-U urludor, 8', oltb vuu
ALAMO ENG. & SUPPLY CO.
1113 Farnam St. - - Omoho, Neb.
Established It Omaha
rir t f Cur4
Writ for Symptom
Blank '" i'-"1" 1
ini-lil f I! mi a il Women.
Kr nil ftllHirlltM 0 Ullhfc-
tur hov acuiretl.
I Specialists for
Frti f umlnilloi ti
Northwest Corner I4lh & Douglas
Sts., 2nd Floor, OMAHA Dept. A
Cheap Lands In Colorado !
Mood. !!, rich form
rlnn to I'envetf
ftml main lllti-a
f KAllr'iin wnriifi Hell In ona-qutrW-f
mil nn hll mlnni f mm 17. H t lit OU in ura.
M-tllm all around unjoin blr rrui. I.nil nr U
ili 1,1 In iliorl limn. HASTINGS A HEYDSN,
014 Harnay Street, Omaha, Nabraaka.
of all varieties
cured in a few
days without a surgical operation or
detention from business. No pay will
be accepted until the patient Is con
plotely satisfied. Write or call on
FRANTZ H. WRAY, M. D.
Room 306 Bee Bldg. Omaha, Neb.
AmarloarfSZ.OO par day and upward.
European SI. 00 per day ana upwaru.
Take Dortka Street Car
trt Union Depot.
nun ui mui-lnncrr made rood as now. Wilds
cant Iron, cant twf, aluminum, copper, bra of
an? other metal, r. Xpert automobile repairing
BERTSCHY MOTCR CO.. Council Bluffe.
Boots and Arctics
Aik your Dealtr for Qoods with this brand
American Hand Sewed Shoe Co.
Good Rules to Observe.
"When in hasto, go slow; when ex
cited, keep cool," are two fundamen
tal rules by which most women who
so frequently have occasion to be "on
edge" and "all upset" can spare their
nerves and Indirectly their pocket
books. Impulsively letting your
nerves and emotions give way before
you have time to thin kls a habit that
can only be controlled b ya call on
reason and common sense.
Deception of the Circus.
A writer In Collier's who Is a3 fa-
miliiir with circus life as a press
agent, but who doesn't respect trado
secrets, says that tho graceful young
lady bareback rider, and tho shapely
creature who does thrillers on the
living trapezo aro frequently youn.
men, made feminine in appearance t jr,
the addition o fa blonde wig and ex
celsior whero nature failed to qualify
him for tho role.
A North Carollnan recently eloped
with three women on the same train.
And It seems that events will perslit
In showing that Solomon lived fur
nothing. Salt Lake Trlbuno.
The Way to Happiness.
To look fearlessly upon life; to ac
cept tho laws of nature not with meek
resignation, but as her sons, who dare
to search nnd question; to have pcac
and confidence within our souls
theso are the beliefs that mako for
To Keep from Catching Cold.
The best means of preventing a
"cold" are: Never sit In a mci that
Is not thoroughly entllato6, and
avoid especially any room occupied by
a neraon suffering! from a "cold."
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