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About The news-herald. (Plattsmouth, Neb.) 1909-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 4, 1909)
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On the Farm
XIV. Poultry The Ques
tion of Breed
By C. V. GREGORY.
Author of "Home Course In Modem
CopyrithU 1909, bjf American Pros
The niont breeds, most of which nre
meat breeds; (3) laying , Asiatics, nre the oldest breeds l:i tlily
ornamental breeds. The .,... Th iir.ii.inis ,.t fie
THERE nre breeds, varieties nnd
strains of poultry almost with
out end. To the beginner In
poultry culture the questlou of
which one to select is a puzzling one.
and the older poultrymeii often wou
der If they would uot do better to
change breeds. The purpose for which
chickens are kept will determine
which class of fowls Is best. As to
tho varieties within that class. It Is
largely a matter of Individual prefer
ence. A brief description of some of
the lending varieties may be of help
iu making a selection.
Ths Gsneral Purpose Breeds.
Chickens may be grouped Into four
general classes: (1 General purpose
aim of the breeders of general purpose
fowls Is to combine laying and meat
producing ability to the greatest ex
tent possible. The general purpose
birds will not average as prolific lay
ers as some of the more strictly egg
fowls. For producing meat, however,
they are fully as efflcleut us the strict
ly meat breeds. For the general farm
or who Is keeping poultry as a side
issue the returns from the general pur
pose breeds will usunlly be greater
Jhan from any of the more specialized
The most popular anil most widely
distributed of the geueral purpose
breeds is the Flymoutli Uock. It Is a
medium 8lzetl breed, deep breasted and
well proportioned. Plymouth Itocks
are- very good layers, especially the
first year. After the hens are a year
old they tend to become fat and slug
gish and lay fewer eggs. The meat is
of excellent quality. The chickens
make cood broilers at from three, to
four weeks of age or can be proUtubly
fed for later markets. They are early-
maturing and as rapid growers excel
all other breeds. Chicken feeders who
crate-fatten extensively put the I'lym
outh Itock In first place for this pur
There nre three varieties of I'lym
outh Hocks-Barred, White and Buff.
. The great trouble with the Barred
Plrmoutu Uock Is the difficulty Iu
keeping the color markings up to stand
ard. They tend to become unevenly
barred, the bars become too wide or
too narrow or the general color too
dark or too light. From a utility stand
point this factor is of little importance,
but where birds or eggs are sold for
breeding purposes it Is Important that
the color markings be up to standard
The Buff Rocks have n tendency to
vary somewhat from the desired shade
nnd to produce black feathers in wing?
or tail. They average a little smaller
than the Barred or White varieties,
The White Itocks breed true to color
the easiest. The hens of this variety
show even more of a tendency to be
come overfat than do those of the
Barred variety. t
I'lymouth Kock eggs are brown
which Is something of an objection in
great deal of time to breeding for
fatu y points a solid i c!ir Is preferable.
One of the newest f the gencm.' pur-
pose breeds Is the K!uk1c Island Keel.
These fowls are very hardy mil for
that reason well adapted to farm con
ditions. They rank up well with the
I'lymouth Uocks and Wyandottes In
laying ability and as meat producers.
They are about the same size as the
Wyandottes, the standard weight beiug
eight and ouc-Jmlf pounds for the cock
and six and one-half pounds for the
hen. The culor Is n brilliant red. with
portions of the tall and wings shad
lug off to black. The exact shade of
color varies considerably.
There nre a number of ether geueral
purpose . breeds, such as- the Dom
iulques, Buckeyes and .lavas. The lat
ter are about the same size as the
I'lymouth Uocks, though of a little
different shnpe. They lay well, are
fairly good for meat and nre good Fit
ters. There are two varieties, black
nnd mottled. The objection nppllss to
this breed Mint Is made to nil birds
with black plumnge-thnt the black
plnfenthers detract considerably from
the appearance of the dressed fowl.
Sue h birds are seriously discriminated
against In the markets, "'lie foregoing
breeds have been developed i:i this
country and are known as American
breeds. There Is also an English
breed, the Orpingtons, that gives very
good satisfaction as n general purpore
Tho Msat Breeds.
Do Not Ex
periment You Will Make No Mistake If
You Follow This Plattsmouth
Never neglect your kidneys.
If you have pain in your back, uri
nary disorders, dizziness and nervous
ness, it's time to act and no time to
experiment. These are all symptoms
of kidney trouble, and you should seek
a remedy which is known to cure tho
Doan's Kiddey Pills is the remedy to
use. No need to experiment. It has
cured many stubborn cases in Platts
mouth. Follow the advice of a Plattsmouth
citizen and be cured yourself.
Frank S. Brinkman, Eleventh Street,
Plattsmouth, Neb., says: "I can vouch
for Doan's Kidney Pills, knowing them
to be a good kidney remedy. My back
at times became bo lame that the
simplest movement was painful and I
had frequent headaches and dizzy spells
that caused me no end of annoyance.
Mornings on getting up, I could hardly
drag myself about and in spite of the
many remedies I used, I found no re
lief. Finally I began taking Doan's
Kidney Pills, procured from Gering &
Co. 'a drug store. They made a prompt
ard permanent cure."
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Mlburn Co., Buffalo,
New York, Bole agents for the United
Remember the name-Doan's and
take no other. 46-4
I Want loiumn i
I I I 8 i
FOR SALE-Two story brick house 7
rooms, good well and cistern with
12 lots situated in south part of
.city. All kinds of fruit Good barn
and out buildings. Enquire of John
J. Toman. 39-
XXVIII WHITH PLYMOUTH HOCK
TYPE PLYMOUTH BOCK
pome markets and an advantage with
other. The standard weight for the
breed is nine and a half pounds for
cocks and Hcven and a half for hens.
Plymouth ' Uocks are criticised some
what for lack of hardluess as com
pared with the other general purpose
breeds, and there Is doubtless some
ground for this criticism. They may
be greatly Improved In this point by
the use of birds of exceptionally strong
vitality In the breeding peu.
Next to the Plymouth Uocks In popu
larity as a general purpose breed are
the Wyandottes. They average about
a pound lighter than the Plymouth
Uocks. The chickens are nearly as
rapid growers and produce meat of
as good or even better quality.
The Wyandottes nre generally con
sidered to stand heavy feedlug for
rapid growth a ltttlo better than most
of the other breeds. The hens are
active and do not become overfat ns
easily ns Plymouth Uocks.
There nre several varieties of Wyan
dottes, all the same type and having
the name general characteristics. The
only distinguishing point Is the color.
With this breed, ns with the Plymouth
Hocks, the mixed colors nre difficult
to breed true to standard. For the
man who does not wish to devote a
most common of these, ore large, the
male weighlug eleven to twelve pounds
and the hen eight and a half to nine
nnd a half. This large size Is one of
the chief points In favor of the Bra li
mns. They are slow maturing, and It
takes considerable feeding to get their
large fraiue thjrkjy enough covered
with meat to lie In good market condi
tion. Like all feathered legged breeds,
the Brahma Is clumsy and for this
reason does not make a first class
mother. The puilets nre too slow in
maturing to lay many eggs the first
winter. Even when matured they are
uot heavy layers, though they do most
of their laying In the winter, when eggs
nre high. This Is largely because their
large size and heavy feathering make
them less susceptible to cold. As meat
producers the Brahmas are nbout
equal to the general purpose breeds,
though for high class capons they are
perhaps a little superior. There are
two varieties of Brahmas. light and
dark. The light Brahmas ure the- more
popular. The black variety Is more
difficult to breed for color, and much
attention to fancy points has caused
utility to be largely lost sight of.
Cochlus are the second of the meat
breeds lu size, the males weighing
eleven pounds uud the bens eight and
u half. They are of the same massive.
full feathered type as the Brahmas,
averaging a trille shorter legged and
wider across the back. Like the Brah
mas. they are hardy. They are uot as
good layers, however, aud nre just as
Blow lu maturing. There ure four va
rieties, of which the buff Is the most
Both these breeds have served n good
purpose In grading up the mongrel
strains of the country and providing
foundation stock for the American
breeds. At present, however, they
have few points of superiority over the
American breeds us meat producer.;
and ure inferior to them in laying ubll
My. As show fowls they are prized
because of their size and beauty.
The smallest and quickest maturing
of the Asiatic breeds is the Langslian
Thev are objectionable because of
their black color, white skin nnd feath
ered lugs kiid 'eioticit Wei the, Amer
ican breeds lu any practical qualities
An English breed, the Dorkings, urc
good meat producers, but poor layers
For the until who Is In the poultry
business from a utility staudpoiut one
of the general purpose or laying breeds
will be more satisfactory than any of
the meat breeds.
The Laying Brtsds.
The laying breeds originally came
from the region around the Med Iter
ranenn sea, aud hence are often re
f erred to as the Mediterranean breeds
The most popular of these is the Leg
horn. Leghorns nre small birds, not
more than half the size of the Asiatics
They are very active and pood for
agers. They outrank any of the othei
breeds in laying qualities, laying both
summer and winter If properly cared
for. They are not adapted to the poul
trymau who pays uo attention to hi
chickens, ns they will not lay unless
they are given good care. They lay
white eggs weighing ten to the pound.
The eggs of the American breed
velgh eight to the pound.
Tlie small size of the Lesrhorn hens
makes them cheaply kept. They are
early maturing, often beginning to lay
when they are four nnd a half months
old. Their llesh Is of good quality, but
their size Is against them from n mnr
ket stnndpolnt. The only way the
cockerels can be disposed of at a profit
is to sell them us broilers at two
pounds weight or smaller. Of the sev
eral varieties of Leghorn the white
and brown nre the most popular from
a utility standpoint.
Read the Advertising
The News-Herald wishes to impress
upon its readers the fact that a close
reading of its advertising columns will
prove profitable. It is proud of the
patronage accorded it by the business
of the city and from a comparison with
the announcements of similar houses in
our exchanges, is convinced that as
good bargains may be obtained in
Plattsmouth as any city of the state.
The time spent in reading our ads will
be well spent.
"Uncle" Bird Baker, who has been
visiting his sisters, "Mrs. C. II. Parmele
and Miss Sarah jBaker, for a week de
parted Sunday for his home in Omaha.
Notice of Dissolution.
Plattsmouth. Neb.. Sent. 22. 1909.
Notice is hereby given that the co-partnership
of E. U. Dovey & Sun, heretofore com potted of the
Burners hereof, in ny mutual content thin duy dig.
solved. Oliver C. Dovey retiring therefrom. Th
business of said uartnernhip will be conducted
hereafter under the name of E. G. Dovey & Son
by ueorire E. Dovey and Horatio N- Dove, who
assume all debts and liabilitiea of the former
hrm and will pay the same
HORATIO N. DOVKY,
47-8 Ckoruk E. Dovey,
Olivkk C. Dovky
Notice To Creditors.
In the matter of the estate of Hannah C. Black,
Notice ia hereby given that the creditor! of raid
deceased will meet the Administrator of Mid
late, before mi', County Judge of Cass County,
Nebraska, at the County Court room in PlatU
mouth. in raid County, on the 1 1th day of October,
909. and on the 12th day of April. 1910. at 9
o clock A. M each day. for the purpose of pro-
sentinnr their claims for examination, adjustment
Six months are allowed for the creditors of said
deceased to present their claims and one year for
the Administrator to settle said estate, from the
11th day oructoner. 1HU9.
Witness my hand and seal of said County Court,
at flattsmnuth, Nebraska, this 9th duy of Sep
Ali en J. Bksson.
438 Seal.1 County Judge.
i In County Court
State of Nebraska
County of Cass I
In the matter of the estate of Peter Rauen, de
To all persona interested.
You are hereby notified that there has been
filed in this court the petition of E. D. Cummins,
J. B. Martin. C. L Martin aud William Wehrbein
alleging therein among other things that said
t'eter Hauen departed this life, intestate, on the
22nd day of March. l!w. at which time he was
resident and inhabitant of said county, leaving
both real and personal estate. The prayer of said
petition is that estate be administered and that
J. P. halter bo appointed administrator of said
. You are further notified that a hearing will be
had upon said petition before this court on the 16
day of October, IK), at 9 o'clock a. m. and that all
objections, if any, must be filed on or before said
day and hour of hearing.
Witness my hand and the seal of said court
this 2 day of September, V.m
Seal) Allen J. Brmoh,
47-6 County Judge,
Old Papers For Sale at This Grfice
WANTED Young men and wemen to
fill positions paying $1)00 to $2000 per
annum. Big demand for stenograph
ers in the Government service, as
well as in private business life. Our
new method of teaching shorthand
by mail insures as thorough and
practical a training at your own home
as is obtainable by personal attend
ance at any business college in the
country. We guarantee success.
Complete course for small cash pay
ment; balance to be paid when you
Bccure a position. Trial lesson free.
Central Business Institute, Central
Building, Washington, D. C.
TUli MANY OF IWI'BU
In the home cannot be estimated. It can be used to beautify the
otherwise ugly pantry rhclves, to put under the carpets, in fact it
can be used all over the house and is a cheap means of sanitation.
.We have a limited number of old papers which we will sell for
5c per bunch. - The News-Herald.
SALEMAN WANTED-Ccvering state
of Nebraska, to carry the strongest,
most complete Souvenir Post Card
line, as side line. Holiday cards sell
rapidly now. Chance to make big
money. Address, Gartner & Bender,
Dept. S. Chicago. It.
BOYS! GIRLS! COLUMBIA BICY
CLE FREE! Greatest offer out.
Get your friends to subscribe to our
magazine and we will make you a
present of a $40.00 Columbia Bicycle
the best made. Ask for particulars,
free outfit, and circular telling "How
to Start." Address, "The Bicycle
Man," 20-31 East 22nd Street, New
York City, N. Y. 46-3-x
LAND AGENT WANTED-For a
special one, day sale of irrigated land
in the Rocky Ford District. Large
commission all paid in cash on con
summation of sales. Write at once
for particulars of extraordinary
offer. La Junta Land Co., La Junta,
J. E. ISAC3WHCGC
REAL ESTATE. Town residence from $400 to $3,000. Don't
pay rent any longer. You con own your own dwelling cheaper.
Let rre show you some good chances to aoquiro farm in Ne
braska, South and North Dakota, Missouri or Texas. FIRE
INSURANCE written in six of the best companies.
SURETY BONDS. Get your bonds from the American Surety Co.
ACCIDENT INSURANCE. The risk of personal injury is 40
times as great as that of losing your property by fire. Secure
a policy of the London Gurantee and Accident Company and
be Bure of an income whil vou are onable to work.
Independent phone 4m.
aVAAAAAAA AA -AA. AA -AA. aa, AA. AA Aav Aav AA. AA SsY AsV 6r -A-A. Jj. JaV AW
'''r T 4 9
iAAAAavALiA J- aa. aa. asv aa. aa. asv aa. aa. a6y a.a. as a.a a.a. a.A. aa. aa. a.a. aa aa. aa.
i A Kettle FREE i
AT ONCE, reliable representatives in
this vicinity to look after renewals
and new subscriptions, part or whole
time, for the fastest growing maga
zine in America. Liberal salary and
commissions. Live men and women
make $35 to $150 a month. Appoint
ments now being made. Write im
mediately. to Director of Circulation,
Hampton's Magazine, 66 West 35th.
St. New York City. 49 6-x
WANTED-Success Magazine wants
an energetic and responsible man or
woman in Plattsmouth to collect for
renewals and solicit new subscriptions
during full or spare time. Expei i
ence unnecessary. Any one can start
among friends and acquaintances and
build up a paying and permanent busi
ness without capital. Complete outfit
and instructions free. Address,
"VON," Success Magazine, Rocm
103, Success Magazine Building, New
York City, N. Y. 46-3-x
If you need a range let us show you
the Majestic at John Bauer's this
If you want a good enameled
kettle free and all you need to do
is to buy four pounds of cofTeeat
25c per pound making $1 alto
gether. These kettles are good
blue enameled ware, and if you
see them we know you will want
them. JCome in early before they
are all gone as we have a limited
Red Tag Reduction Sale
A. L. TIDD
Bank of Eagle, Eagle.
Nehawka Bank, Nehawka.
Bank of Murdock, Murdock.
First Nat'l bank, Greenwood.
State bank of Murray, Murray.
First Nat'l bank, Plattsmouth.
,H,.l.,H"H i I I I M It 1 i I
Do you want an
If you do, get one who has
Experience, Ability, Judgement
Telegraph or Write
Or call at the News-Herald office and
we will save you trouble and expense
in getting dates and terms.
Good Service. Reasonable Rate.
Our reduction sale has been a drawing card ever since we started it, the first
of September. And now that heating stove season is on it certainly will pay you
to call and look over our line of heaters. Every one has a red tag and above the
tag but the price that's on the tag will interest you. most.' Following are a few
The well-known Round Oak 14 inch fire pot jg QQ
The Radiant soft coal burner formerly $17.00 gaQQ
The Radiant home base burner No. 5 $37 50
The Radiant home base burner No. 6 $4150
The Radiant home base burner No. 7 $45.50
at .......... t
We have a great variety of stoues and at various prices. Every one at a bar
gain. The object of &ale is to clear out all stoves and to get in cash. It is tho
cash we need and for that reason we make these big reduction. Cut.prices are
for cash only.
ASELMISStN & KLINGER